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Rector, Keshub Academy; 

Author of the English Translations of the Ramayana, Vishnupuranam, 
Srimadih4i£avatam, Bkagaval Gita and other works. 


PminTiD B» H. C. Dass, ELTSiim Pwui, 
6j/a BxADOM Streit. 




• •• •• 

: ; • 

• • • 




y^mvu Khanda Vinirmana Parva, 

Janjinwjaya's enquiries about the Kuru 
Pandava battle. Vaishampajrana begins 
tbe descriptioii. Yudhisthica's watch words^ 
Krishna aides Arjitiia« Evil omens before 
the battle* Vyasa . grants Ohrifcarastra 
power to see the battle. Vyasa requests 
nim to make peace. Sanjaya gives an ac- 
count oi the merits of the earth. The is- 
land tA. Sudaraana. His description of 
Kula mountains, Varshas etc The parti- 
cular description of Bharatavarsha. The 
Yugas and their cbaracterestica. 

Bhumi Parva. 

Description of Shakadwipa, Rahu, Moon 

Bhagavatgita Parva, 

Dhritarastra's lamentations on being in- 
formed of the fall of Bhishma. Ouryo- 
dhana's instructions to Dussasana. The 
array of the two armies in the battle-field. 
Bhisnma's despondency. Arjuna comforts 
him. He invcMces Dur^^a. ^ Beholding his 
kinsmen Arjuna feels dejection. His refusal 
to fight. Krishna comforts him and gives 
an account of the soul and the duties of his 
own order. Knshna's discourse on devo- 
tu>ni work, Brahma, Yuga etc. 

Bhishma Vadha Parva. 

Yudhisthira puts off his armour and goe^ 
to the Kuru army. He meets with Bhisma 
and prays for his permission to fight. He 
enquires of him as to the means of his 
death. Drona tells him the means of his 
-death, Yudhisthira requests other heroes. 
Krishna requests Kama to fight for the 
Pandavas. 'His refusal. His first day's 
battle. Abhimanyu fights with Bhisma. 
Salya kills Uttara. Dhristadyumna's ar- 
rangement of army on the second day of 
fight. The fight between Bhishma and 
Arjuna. Bhishma destroys the Kallinga 
army. Satyaki kills Bhisma's driver. 
Ashwathama is deprived of his car by 
Dhristadyumna. Lakshmana fights with 
Abhimanyu. The third day's batue b^ins. 
Duryodhana charges Bhima with partiality 
towards the Pandavas ; fight between Arjuna 
and Bhishma. Krishna gets down from 
the car and runs to kill Bhisma. Bhishma 
asks him to throw him down from the car. 
Bhimasena kills the Kurus. The fight be- 
tween Bhima and Duryodhana who makes 

him insensibly. Bhima makes Salya insen- 
sible. The fight between Bhima and fihaga- 
datta. The fight between Ghatotkacha and 
Bhagadatta, Uurvodhana bewails the death 
of his brothers and enquires Bhishma of the 
cause of Pandava's suc<?ess. Bhishma dis- 
cribes that Krbhna is Narayana. The 
fifth day of battle. Arjuna sli^s the Kuru 
army. Drona is urged on. The great 
slaughter in battle. The fight between 
Abhimanyu and Lakshmana. Lakshmana, 
deprived of car, is carried away by Kripa. 
Bhurisrava kills the ten sons of Satyaki. 
They fight with each other. The sixth 
day's battle. The Srinjayas are driven 
away by Bhishma and Drona. Bhishma 
and Arjuna cause a ereat slaughter. 
Bhishma enters alone the Kuru army. 
Dhristadyumna follows him. Abhimanyu 
rescues them. Drona drives away the 
Pandava army. Bhishma fights with Dur- 
yodhana. Heroism of Abhimanyu and 
Draupadi's sons. Bhisma's promise. The 
seventh day of battle. Dhritarastra be- 
wails. The fight between Bhagadatta and 
Ghatotkacha. Shalya's discomfiture. The 
fieht between Chelsitana and Kripa. 
Yudhisthira remonstrates with Sikhandin 
and reminds him of his promise to kill 
Bhishma. The fight between Jayadratha 
and Bhimasena. The eighth day s battle. 
Bhima is taken away from the battle field by 
his horses. Bhima kills the eight sons of 
Dhritarastra. Nakula and Sahadeva come 
to the field. Story of Iravat's birth. Iravat 
goes against the Kaurava army. The fight 
between Iravat and Alumvusha. Iravat 
slain by him. The fight between Duryo- 
dhana and Ghattotkacha. He kills the 
Kuru heroes and fights again with Duryo- 
dhana. Bhima goes to his rescue. The 
Kuru army is put to flight by him. Bhishma 
urges Bhaeadatta to fight with Ghattat- 
kacha. Ariuna's grief for the death of Ira- 
vat. Bhima kills nine sons of Dhritarashtra. 
Drona fells Bhima. Arjuna meets simul- 
taneously with Bhisma, Bhagadatta and 
Kripa. Abhimanyu defeats Amvastha. 
Both the armies retire. Duryodhana's con- 
sultation with Shakuni and Kama. Dur- 
yodhana requests Bhisma to retire and let 
Kama fight. Bhisma tells him that the 
Pandavas are invincible. The ninth day's 
battle. Alumvusha goes to fight, is 
tacked by the five sons of Draupai 
is made senseless, Abhimanj 

( ii ) 

AUmvusha. Satyaki fights with Ashwa- 
thama. Satyaki fights with Kriuvarma. 
Arjuna, at the instance of Krishna, fights 
with Bhishma. ' Finding his mildness 
Krishna jumps down from hb car and is 
prevented by Arjuna at the tenth step. 
Arjuna promises to kill Bhisma. The 
armies retre, Vhe consultation of the 
Pandavas for the destruction of Bhishma. 
Krishna offers himsell to kill Bhishma. 
Yudhtsthir's proposal to go to Bhisma to 
learn the means of his death. Yudhisthira 
goes to him. Bhishma expresses his unwil- 
lingness to fight with Sikhandin. Bhishma 
advises Ariuna to fight after placing Si- 
khandin before him Arjuna feds sorry at 
the prospect of killing Bhishma. Krishna 
reminds nim of his vow. The tenth day's 
battle. The Pandavai rush to the battle 
field. Shikhandin addresses Bhisma very 
rudely The destruction of both the Kuru 
and Pandava army. The fight between 
Oussasana and Arjuna. 'i*he nght between 

Alamvusha and Satyaki. Bhagadatta fights 
with Satyaki. Drona is dejected on seeing 
bad omens. Ashwathama is sent to the 
battle field. Bhima's fight with Kuru heroes. 
Sushdrma is urged to kill Arjuna and 
Bhima. Bhishma give up all hope of life 
and requests Yudhisthira to kill him. 
Arjuna and and Sikhandin proceed against 
Bhishma. Sikhandin wounds Bhishma with 
arrows. The Samakas and Srinayas rush 
upon Bhishma. Arjuna cuts off Bhishma's 
bow. Bhi^ma's resignatbu to <leath* 
Bhishma falls down from hiscar covered with 
arrows. His body does not touch die 
ground. A cool shower falls on him. The 
Ki^his like swans come. The Kurus lament. 
Bhishma receives all heroes. Arjuna makes 
a pillow for him with arrows. Bhishma dis- 
misses all. Yudhisthira gives credit to 
Krishna. Ariununa takes out water from 
tee earth for Bhishma who braises him. 
Bhishama tells Kama that he is son of Kunti 
and asks him to join the Pandavas. 


. • • - 

• • • 





Having saluted iki^ Supreme Deity (Nara- 
yana)t and the highest of all male beings 
(ttara) and also the Goddess of Learning 
(SarasvfatiJt let us cry success / 

Janamejaya said *— 

1. How did those great Warriors) the 
Kurus, the Pandavas and the Somakas and 
the other illustrious kings who ttssembled^ 
from various countries fight ? 

Vaishampayana daid :— 

2. O ruler of earth, hear how those great 
warriors, the Rurus, the Pandavas »na the 
Somakas fought on the holy field of Kuru- 

3. Arriving at Kurukshetra, the power* 
ful Pandavas, accompanied with the Soma- 
kas, advanced against the Kurus with the 
desire of victory. 

4. Learned in the Vedas, they all took 
great delight in battle. Being eager to 
secure success in the battle, they with their 
soldiers advanced to the fight. 

5. Coming near the army of Dhritarash- 
tra's son those invincible heroes encamped 
with their troops on the Western . part (of 
the field)) their faces turned towards the 

6. The son of Kunti Yudhisthira ordered 
tents to be pitched duly by thousands be- 
yond the region called l^unantapanchaka. 

7. The whole earth appeared to he empty, 
haying been destitute 01 men and horses, and 
of chariots and elephants. Only the children 
and the old remained (in their houses)* 

8. O foremost of kings, from all parts of 
Jamvudwipa over which the sun shines was 
coUe(;ted that great force. 

9. Men of all races assembled there, and 
they occupied i^n area extending many Yo- 
ypnas over fields^ rivers, hills and woods. 

10. That foremost of men, king Yudhis- 
tfura ordered to be supplied to tfiem inex- 
oeHfnt e()ibln4nd other thiogs of enjpypiient. 

11, Yudhisthira fixed various appella* 
tions so that by uttering them they might 
be known to others that they belong to the 
Pandava force. 

12. That Kuru prince also fixed names 
and emblems for alt of them, so that they 
might be recognised at the time of battle. 

13*^14* Seeing (from a distance) the 
top of the flag-staff of Pritha's son, the illus- 
trious son of Dhritarastra with a white um« 
brella held over his head stood surrounded 
by his one hundred brothers in the midst 
of a thousand elephant5 and began with all 
the kings to array hfs troops against the 

15. Seeing Duryodhana, the Panchalas, 
who ever liked fighting, were filled with 
delight. They blew their loud-sounding 
conchs and sweet sounding cymbals* 

16. Seeing the (Panchata) troops in 
great delight, the Pandavas and the greatly 
effulgent Vasudeva (Krishna) were filled 
with joy. 

17. Those foremost of men, Vasudava 
and Arjuna who were seated on one car felt 
the greatest joy and both blew their celestial 

18. Having heard the loud sound of 
the conchs of those two heroes, the soldiers 
passed urine and excreta. 

19. As animals are afflicted with fear in 
hearing the voice of the roaring lioni so 
were that force on hearing those sounds. 

20. A fearful dust arose and every thing 
became invisible. The sun, becoming sud* 
denly shrouded by it appeared as if it 
had set. 

21. A black cloud of flesh and blood 
showered a down pour over that vast assem" 
blage of troops. Every thing appeared to 
be wonderful. 

22. A fearful wind blew carryinj 
the earth innumerble stones and 
thousands and thousands of seU 


• ' • • m. 

• • • • " 



; 2^. O kin^i- both armies stood for battle 
in tnt field of Kurukshetra like two agitated 

24. That great battle of the two at mies 
was exceedingly^ wonderful, -like two oceans 
mt the end of the Vuga. 

25. The whole earth was empty for only 
the children and the old remained in their 
houses, others having joined the Kuru 

36. O best of the Bharata race, then the 
Kurus, the Pandavas and the Somakas 
made certain agreements and settled some 
rules regarding the different kinds of fight, 

27. (Such as) men equally situated should 
only fight with one another with all fairness. 
If having fought with fairness, the com* 
batants withdraw, that would be preferred. 

28. Those who engaged in a battle of 
words should be fought against with only 
words* Those that left the fight should 
never be killed. 

29. A car- warrior should fight only with 
a car-warrior. He who rode on an elephant 
should fight only with another such com- 
batant. O descendant of Bharata, a horse 
man must fight with a horse man and a 
foot-soldier with a foof-soldier. 

30. Always being led by consideration 
of fitness, willingness, bravery and strength, 
one should strike another ^ter having chall- 
enged him. None should strike another 
who is confiding or who is panic-striken. 

31. One fighting with another, one seek- 
ing refuge, one retreating, one whose wea- 
pon is broken and one who is not clad in 
armour should never be struck. 

32. Charioteers, animab, men engaged 
in carrying weapons, those who play on 
drums and those who blow conchs should 
never be smitten. 

33. Having made these agreements, the 
Kurus, the Pandavas and the Somakas, 
staring at one another were filled with 

34. Having thus placed their troops 
those foremost of men, those illustrbus 
heroes were filled with delight, their ap- 
pearance indicating joy. 

Thus ends the first chapter, the placing 
•/■ soldiers in the J^amvukhanda Vinir'- 
wana of the Bhisma Parwa, 



PARV A)^Continued. 

Vaishampayana said :— 

I— 3« Having seen the two armies placed 
on the east and the west ready for the fear- 
ful fight, the holv Rishi Vvasa, the son of 
Satyavati, that foremost of all men learned 
in the Vedas, that grandfather of the 
Pandavas and the Kurus who knew the 
Past and the Present and the Future thus 
spoke in private to the king (Dhriurastra) 
the son of Vichitravirja who was then dis- 
tressed and afflicted with sorrow thinking 
of the evil propensities of his sons. 

Vy asa said :— • 

4* O king, the (last) moment of your sons 
and of other kings has arrived. They 
have assembled to fight and they will kill 
one another. 

5. O descendant of Bharata, their (last> 
moment having arrived, they would now 
all perish. Remembering the changes that 
are brought by Time, do not grieve. 

6. O king, O child, if yoa wish to see 
them in battle, I shall bestow on you sight. 
Behold the battle. 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

7. O foremost of Bramharsis, I do not 
desire to see the slaughter of my friends and 
relatives. I shall, however, through your 
grace, hear the account of thfs battle, 
minutely described to me. 

Vaishampayana said :— 

8. On his not wishing to see the battle 
but to hear of it, that giver of boons Vyasa 
bestowed a boon on San jay a. 

Vyasa said :— 

9. O king, this Sanjaya will describe to 
you this great battle. Nothin|^ of the whole 
battle will remain unseen by htm. 

10. O king, possessing a celestial vision 
Sanjaya will narrate the battle to you. He 
will possess the knowledge of every thing 
regarding this battle. 

11. Whether manifest or concealed, 
whether occurring by day or by night, even 
what will be thought in the mind, wiH be 
known to Sanjaya. 

12. Weapons will not tvtt him, exertion 
will not enhaust him. This son of Gavatgani 
will return from battle alive. 

13. O foreniost of the Bharata race, as' 
for myself, I shall spread the fame of the 




Korus and the Pandbvas. Do not therefore 

14. O foremost of men, this is* destiny. 
You should not gfrieye. It i$ not to be pre- 
vented. As for victory, it would be there 
^liere righteousness would be. 

Vaishampayana said :— 

15. That highly exalted and holy grand 
father of the Kurus, having said this, again 
thus spoke to Dhritarashtra. 

Vyasa said •— 

16. O king,there will be a great salughter 
in this batde. I also sec many omens that 
forebode evil. 

17. Hawks and valtures and crows and 
herons and cranes are coming down on th^ 
tops of trees and are asssembling in great 

18. These birds, becoming exceedingly 
glad at the prospect of the battle, are look- 
ing down on the field of battle. Carnivorous 
beasts will feast on the flesh of elephants 
and horses. 

19. Fe;irful herons, foreboding evil and 
uttering harsh cries, are going across the 
centre and are flying towards the south. 

20. O descendant of Bharata, in both the 
twilights, morning and evening^ I daily see 
the sun covered by headless trunks when 
rislhg or setting, 

21. Three coloured clouds with their 
edges white and red and their middle black, 
cliarged with lightning and looking like 
bludgeonSfCover the sun m both the twilights. 

32. I have seen the sun, the moon 
and the stars iablaze. No difference can 
be found in th^m in the evening. I have 
seen this all day and all night. AH this fore- 
bodes evil. 

23. Even in the night of the full moon 
in the month of Kartikeva the moon, having 
lost all its splendour, became invisible or 
looked like lire, the sky k^oking^ Hke lotus. 

24. Many heroic rulers of earth, many 
l^ipge Arki(\ i^rf nry«^j/>fcttAc«iwg great bravery 

amTwea potts looking Hke maces will all be 
killed. They will sleep covering the earth. 

25% \ durinff the night daily see in the 
sky tht tearful cries of fighUng boars and 
caltfi t 

d6» ThiJtYtages of gods and goddesses 
MMViedrnd smile, sometime tremble, and again 
Vooiitblodd, perspire and drop down. 

27. O king, drums without being 
beaten give out sounds. The great cars 
of the Khashtriyas move, though no animals 
are yoked to them. 

28. Kokilas, wood peckers, jaws, water 
cocks, parrots, crows, peacocks, all emit 
fearful cries. 

29 Here and there everywhere horse 
men clad in armours and armed with 
weapons give out war cries. In the niorning 
when the sun rises, hundreds of flights of 
insects are seen. 

30. O descendant of Bharata, in both the 
twilights, the four quarters appear to be 
ablaze. The , clouds pour down dust and 

31. O king, she who is celebrated over 
the three worlds and who is praised by the 
pious men, even that Arundhati (constella- 
tion) keeps Vasistha on her back. 

32. O king, the planet Sani appears 
with (the constellation) Rohini. The sign 
of the dear in the moon has deviated from 
its original position. A great evil is fore- 
boded by all this. 

33. Even when the sky is cloudless, — 
even then fearful roars are heard there. The 
animals . are all weeping and tears are 
falling fast from their eyes. 

Thus ends the second chapter ^ meeting 
with Vyasa in the 7amvukhanda Vinir- 
mana of the Bhisma Parva, 


PARVA)— Cow^i. 

Vyasa said :— 

1. Asses are being bom of cows. Sons 
hold sexual intercourse with their mothers. 
The forest trees produce unseasonable flowers 
and fruits, 

2. Women who are pregnant and those 
that are not, are giving birth to monsters. 
Carnivorous beasts mingle with birds and 
are feeding together, 

3. Inauspicious beasts, some having 
three horns, some having four eyes, some 
five legs, some two sexual organs, some two 
heads, some two tails, and some fearful 

4. Are bom,with mouths wide open ; they 
are emitting fearful cries. Horses with 
three legs, with crests, with four teeth and 
and with horns are also born, 

5. O king, the wives of many BramhM» 
vadins in your city are seen to give birth 
to Garudas and pea-coeks. 


6. O kiiig, tha mare n^ives birth to calves 
the bitch to jackals. Cocks, antelopes and 
parrots are all sending forth inauspicious 

7. Women give birth to four or five 
daughters all at a time, and these, as soon 
as bom, dance, sing, and laugh. 

8. The men of the lowest castes laugh, 
and dance and sing and thus indicate fear- 
ful evils. 

9. Infants as if drawn by death are 
painting armed images. They are running 
against one another with maces in their 

10. Being desirous of battle, they are 
breaking down the to\vns (they have made 
in sports). Lotuses and lilies 2ire growing 
pn trees. 

1 1 . Strong winds are fearfully blowing 
and the dust is unceasingly flying. The 
earth is often quaking and Rahu advances 
towards the sun. 

12. Keiu (the white planet) stops on 
passing beyond the constellation Chitra, 
All this forebodes the total destruction of the 

13. A fearful comet is rising, and is 
distressing the constellation Pusya. This 
ereat planet will cause terrible harm to 
botk the armies. 

14. Mars advances towards Magha and 
Vrishapati towards Sravana. The sun's 
offspring (5iezifi) advances towards Vagu 
and afflicts it. 

15. The planet Sukra rises towards 
Purva Bhadra, Shining brilliantly and 
shooting towards the uttara Bhadra, it 
looks towards it. 

16. Ketut blazing up like smoky fire, 
stops and afflicts the effulgent constellation 
oi Indra. 

17. The constellation Dhruva, fearfully 
blazing, advances towards the right. Both 
die sun and the moon distress Rohini, The 
terrible planet Rahu has taken up its posi- 
tion between Chitra and Svmii (constella- 

18. The red-bodied planet, effulgent 
like fire passing in a round and round way 
stops encircling Sravana over ridden by 

19. O great king, the earth that always 
produce particular crops at particular 
seasons is simultaneouily being overgrown 
with crops of every season. Every stalk 
of barley has five years and every stalk of 
paddy has a hundred. 

20. Those animals that are the best of 
all creatures in the work! and upon whom 

depends the preservation of the wlide uni- 
verse, namely kine, when milked after the 
calves have sucked them,give only Wood. 

21. Rays of light are coming out from 
bows and swords produce great lustre. It 
is evident these weapons see before them 
the battle as if it has already begun. 

22. The shine of weapons, of the water, 
of the armours, and of the standards looks 
like fire. A great slaughter of men and 
beasts is sure to take place. 

23. O descendant of Bharata, O king, in 
this battle of the Kurus and the Pandavas. 
the earth will appear like a river of blood 
with the standards as so many rafts. 

24. Animals and birds, on alt sides, utter 
harsh cries with their mouths burning like 
fire. This forebodes fearful evils. 

25. A bird, with onljr one wing, one eye 
and one leg ranges in the sky in the 
night. It fearfully screames in anger, as if 
it wants every body to vomit blood. 

26. O king of kings, it appc rs that all 
weapons are now blazing in gre..i brilliance. 
But the effulgence of the constellation of 
the seven Rishis has become dim. 

27. Those two burning planets namely 
VrihaspaH and Smii have become fixed 
for a year. 

28. Three lunations, meeting twice or 
thrice in one and the same fortnight 
and on the thirteenth day, therefore, from 
the first lunation, according as it is the day 
of the full-moon or the new-moon, the moon 
and the sun are devoured by Rahu. This 
forebfdes a great slaughter (of creatures^) 

29. AH the earth, covered by showers of 
dust appear greatly inauspicious. Fearful 
clouds, foreboding evil, pour showers of 
blood in the night. 

30. O king, /?aAf4 of terrible dt eds also 
afnicts Kirtika, Rough winds, foreboding 
terrible danger, are continually blowing. 

31. All these bring in a war, which is 
characterised by many weepings. Tho 
constellations are divided into three classes. 
Upon one or the other of each class evil 
planet has shed its influence. All thb fore* 
bodes terrible consequences. 

32. A lunar fortnight has hitherto son** 
sisted of fourteen days, or fifteen days or six- 
teen days. But on the thirteenth day and 
in the course of the same month two ecclipses 
have taken place. 

33. The sun and the moon ihereiore 
undergoing ecclipses on unusual days will 
bring m a great slaughter of all creatures 


on earth. Even the Rakshasha* drinking 
mouthCul of blood are not satiated. 

34. The great rivers flow in opposite di- 
rections. The waters af rivers have turned 
into blood. 

35. Meteors, as effulgent as In^ra's 
thunder, fall on earth with loud sound. When 
this night passes away, a great danger wUl 
fall on you. 

36. Men with lighted torches in their 
hands will meet great difiiculty to meet 
together, for a thick gloom will cover all 

37. . Great Rishis have said that in such 
circumstances, the earth drinks the blood of 
thousands of kings. From the mountains 
of Kailash, Mandara and Himalayas, 

• 3S. Thousands of sounds arc heard* 
housands of mountain-summits are falling 

down. Barth trembles, and in consequence 

the four oceans, 

39. Having exceedingly swelled, swra 
ready to overflow their banks in order to afflict 
the earth. Fearful winds with stones are 
bkiwing crushing all the trees. 

40. Being crushed by the Wgh wind and 
stuck by lightning, sac«d and common 
troes In villages and towns are falling down. 

41. When the Bramhanas pour sacri- 
ficial libations on fire, it now becomes blue 
or red or yellow. Its flame tucns towards 
the left, and produces a bad odour accom- 
panied by loud sounds. 

42. O king, touch, smell and taste have 
become quUe the contrary. The standards 
of the warrwrs ofiten tremble and they send 
forth smoke. 

43—44. Drums and cymbals cast off 
showers of coal dust. Prom the top of tall trees 
crows fly away in circles from the left. They 
arc utt«»ring terrible cries. All of them are 
•ending forOi fearful cries of pakka^ pakka, 
' 45. They are sitting on the tops of stan- 
dards foreboding the destruction of the 
kings. Poor elephants run hither and 
thither throwing off urine and excreta. 

46. Tke horses are alt melancholy, while 
the elephants are going into the water. 
Having heard all this, O descendent of 
Bhacata,. do what is proper, so that the 
world may not meet with extenainatk)n. 

Dliritaraslitra said :*-^ 

47. It is my belief that all this has been 
previously ordained. 

48. If the kings •recording to the duties of 
Khashtryas die in battle, they will then go 
to the regions reserved for heroes and thus 
obtain eternal happiness only. 

49. If. these foremost of men abandon 
thek lives in a great balde, they will acquire 
fame in this world and great and eternal 
happiness in the world next. 

Vaishampayana said:— 

50. O foremost of kings, having been 
thus addressed by his son Dhritarashtra^ that 
best of poets, that Rishi Vyasa, concen- 
trated his mind in great meditation. 

51. Having meditated for a momenti 
Vyasa thus agaip spoke, O king of kings, 
"there is no doubt that Time destroys tht 
Universe. ' 

52 — ^53. It is Time also which creates 
the worlds. There is nothing hereon earth 
which is everlasting. Therefore show the 
path of virtue to the Kurus, to your relations, 
your kinsmen and friends. You are the 
proper person to restrain them. It is said 
that slaughter of kinsmen is sinful. Do not 
act in a way which would be disagreeable 
to me. 

54. O king. Death himself has taken birth 
in thefocm of your son. Slaughter is never 
spoken high of in the Vedas. It can never 
produce ^ny good. 

55—56. The custom of a family brings 
about his own ruin who destroys it resembl* 
in|f bis own body. For the destruction of 
this race as well as that of kings, it is (no 
douot) Time that leads you to this ^rong 
path although you are capable to withstand 
It. O king, in the shape of a kingdom, a 
great calamity has befallen you. 

57. Your virtue suffers a great diminu- 
tion. Show to your son whAt is virtuous. 
O invincible hero, of what value is a king- 
dom that brings in sin ? 

58. Protect your good name, your 
virtue and your fame. You will then be able 
to obtain heaven. Let the Pandavas have 
their kingdom and let the entire Kuru race 
have the peace." 

59. When that foremost of Bramhajias 
(Vyasa) was thus speaking in a sorrowful 
tone, the son' of ' Amvica, accompKshed in 
speech, king Dhritarastra, thus spoke to 

60. "My knowledge of life and dea,kh i^ 
the same as yours. The truth of this is well- 
known to me. But men lose (good) jud|[«- 
ment in things which concern their int(^^. 

sire, know me to be an ordinary man. 

$1 — 62. O Rishi of immeasurable power 

1 pray to you to extend your power tow^yds 
us. Voy have your soul under complete 
control, you are my preceptor and guide^ O 
^^reat Rishi, my sons do not obey me. M> 
mind is not inclined to commit sin. You 


are the instrument of the fame, the achieve- 
ments and virtue of the Bharata race. You 
are the respected grand -father of both the 
Kurusandthe Pandavas. 


63. O son of Vichitravirja, tell me open- 
ly what is in your mind, I shall remove 
your doubts. 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

64. O reverend sir, I desire to hear from 
you all those signs that happear before 
those that become victorious in battle. 


65. The sacred fire assumes a chereful 
lustre. Its light rises upwards. Its 
flames bend towards the right. It blazes 
forth without any smoke. The libations 
poured in it produce sweet fragrance. These 
are said to be the indications of future 

66. The conchs and cymbals produce 
deep and loud sounds. The sun and the moon 

§ive forth pure rays. These are said to 
e the indications of future success. 

67. Flying or sitting crows utter agree- 
able cries. Those wariors that are behind 
urge those that are in front to advance. 

68. When vultures, swans, pairjts, 
cranes, and wood-peckers utter delightful 
cries and go towards the right, the 
Bramhanas say that victory in such cases 
is certain. 

69.. Those, whose ornaments, armours 
and standards and their bright shields be- 
come incapable of being stared at, always 
conquer their enemies. 

70. Those, that send forth cheerful shouts, 
O descendant of Bharata, those warriors, 
whps^ courage is not damped and whose 
garlands do not fade, always cross the ocean 
of battle. 

71. Those who wishing to enter into the 
ranks of the foe, utter even kind words 
and those who warn the foe before striking 
always obtain victory. 

72. >yhen the objects of hearing, seeing, 
tasting, touching and smelling do not un- 
dergo any change and become auspicious 
and if there is joy amongst the warriors 
at MI time, it indicates victory. 

73. O king, these are the indications of 
vifitory, — namely the winds, the clouds and 
iUp birds all become favourable, and the 
clot^ds and rain-bows that pour beneficial 

74. O king, these are the indications 
ihat armies would secure successj while, O 

king, all these become quite the contrary in 
the case of those that are on the point of 

75. Whether the army be small or large, 
cheerfulness of its soldiers is said to be a 
certain sign of its winning victory. 

76. One soldier, struck with panic, can 
cause a large army to be alarmed and to 
take to flight ,* it causes even the bravest of 
warriors to be frightened. 

77. If a large army is once broken up 
and routed, it cannot be easily rallied like a 
herd of deer in a fright or a mighty current 
of waters Cm r^ns.) 

78. O descendant of Bharata, if a large 
Army is once routed, it is incapable of being 
rallied ; on the other hand, seeing it dispers- 
ed, even well-skilled warriors become con- 

79. Seeing soldiers struck with panic 
and flying, the panic spreads also in other 
directions. O king, in such cases the whole 
army is soon bnncen up and all fly in al 

80. O king, when an army is routed, 
even brave leaders at the head of large 
divisions of the army consisting of four kinds 
of troops can not rally them. 

81. It is said that the success that is 
obtained by negotiations and other means is 
the best. That which is secured by creating 
disunion (amongst the enemy) is but indif- 
ferent. O king, the success that is secured 
by battle is the worst. 

82 — 83. There are many evils in battle ; 
the first and the foremost is slaughter* 
Even fifty brave men who know one 
another, who are not dispirited, who are 
free from family ties and who are firmly re- 
solved can defeat a large army. Even five, 
six or seven, who do not retreat can obtain 

84. O descendant of Bharata, Vinata's 
son Garuda never asks the assistance of 
many followers when he sees even a large 
number of birds. 

85. Therefore the strength of number of 
an army is not always the cause of victory. 
Victory ts always uncertain. It depends on 
chance. Even those that obtain victory 
have to suffer losses. 

Thus ends the ihird chapter ^ the various 
iftdicationst in the J^amvukhanda Vinir* 
mana of the Bhisma Parva, 




Vaifihampanyana said:— 

1. Having thus spoken to Dhritarashtra 
Vyasa went away. Having heard these 
words, Dhritarashtra also reflected in si- 

2. Having reflected for a moment, he 
sighed again and a^ain. O foremost of the 
Bnarata race, the kmg then thus spoke to 
the self-controlled Sanjaya. 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

3. O Sanjaya, these kings, these rulers 
of earth, so brave and so cheerful in battle, 
arc eager to strike one another with various 
kinds of weapon. 

4. They are not to be restrained. They 
striking one another and giving up their 
lives will increase the population of the 
abode of Yama. 

5. Being desirous to obtain prosperity 
of earth, they cannot bear the sight of one 
another. I therefore think that the earth 
must possess many attributes. O Sanjaya, 
tell me all this. 

6. Many thousands, many millions, 
man) tens of millions, many hundreds of 
millions of warriors have assembled at Ku- 

7. O Sanjaya, I desire to hear in great 
detail about the situations and dimensions 
of those countries and cities from which they 
have come. 

8. Throueh the erace of that immeasura- 
bly powerful Kishi Vyasa, you now possess 
the tamp of celestial vision and the eye of 

Sai^aya said :— 

9. O greatly wise one, I shall narrate to 
you the merits of the earth according to my 
Knowledge. See them with your eye of scrip- 
tural wisdom. O foremost of the Bharata 
race, I bow to you. 

10. Creatures in this world are of two 
kinds, namely mobile and immobile. Mobile 
creatures are three kinds, namely (1) oviper- 
ous (2) viviperous (3) heat ana damp pro- 

11. O king, among mobile creatures, 
those that are viviperous are certainly the 
foremost. Among viviperous man is cer- 
tainly the foremost, ana next to man is ani- 

12. O king, animals of various forms are* 
of fourteen kinds^ Seven are wild and seven 

13. O king, I ions, r tigers, boars, buffalloes, 
elephants, bears, and monkeys are wild. 

14. Men, kine, goats, sheep, horses, 
mules, and asses are considered to be do« 
mestic by the learned men. 

15. O king, O lord of earth, these four- 
teen are the domestic and wild an imal» 
mentioned in the Vedas and on which the 
sacrifice rests. 

16. Among creatures that are dome<itk:. 
man is the foremost ; lions are the foremost of 
all wild animals. All creatures keep them* 
selves up by living upon one another. 

17. Vegetable creation is called im- 
mobile. They are of four kinds, namely 
trees, shrubs , creepers, creeping plants ex* 
isting only for a year and all stemless plants^ 
of the grass kind. 

18. Mobile and immobile creatures are 
thus of nineteen kinds. Their universal consti-- 
tuents are five. Thus they are twenty four 
in all. They are called Gayatri as is well- 
known to all. 

19. O best of the Bharata race, he who 
knows these to be the true sacred Gayatri 
which possesses every virtue, is not Tiabfe 
to worlaly destruction. 

20. Every thing rises from the earth and 
when destroyed every thing goes into 
her. The earth is the stay and the refuge 
of all creatures. The earth Is etemaK 

21. He who possesses the earth possesses 
the entire universe with its mobile and im- 
mobile creatures. It is for thn kings long 
to possess the earth and thus kill one* 


Thus ends the fourth chapter ^ description 
of earth* s attribrntest in the ^amvukhanda 
Vinirmana of the Bhisma Parva, 


PKRV A)'-Continu9d. 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

I — 2. O Sanjava, O man learned in the 
measures of all things » tell me in detail the 
names of rivers and mountains and ef 
provinces and all other things that are on 
earth and the dimensions of the whole 
earth and of the forest. . 


BaDjaya said !— 

3, O king of Icings, the wise call all 
things in the universe as equal in conse- 
c}uence of the presence of the five elements 
(in them). 

4^-5. These elements are the edier, atr, 
fire, water, and earth. Their attributes are 
sound, touch, vision, taste and smell. Every 
one of these elements possesses the attri- 
butes and the attributes of things that come 
to it. Therefore^ the earth is the foremost of 
all, possessing as it does the attributes of 
all the other four. Thus say the Rishis 
who know the truth. 

^. O king, there are four attributes in 
water. It has no scent. Fire has three 
attributes, namely sound, touch and vision. 

7. Air has only sound and touch where* 
as ether has sound alone. O king, these 
6ve attributes exist in the five principle 

8. On which depend all creatures in the 
universe for their existence. They do not 
depend on each other when there is equi- 

9. When these (elements), not existing 
in the natural state, exist with one another, 
then ail creatures without any deviation 
spring into life with various sorts of bodies. 

10. The elements are destroyed in the 
order of the one succeeding the one that 
proceeds. They also spring into existence, 
one arising from one before it. AH these 
are immeasurable, their forms being Brahma 

11. Creatures consisting of the five ele- 
ments ar€ seen in the universe. Men try to 
know their proportions by excercising their 

13. Those matters that are inconcieve- 
able can never be solved by reason. What 
is above nature is an indication that it is in- 

13. O descendant of Kuru, I shall now 
describe to you the island called Sudarsana. 
O king, this island b circular like a wheel. 

14. It abounds in rivers and other 
waters. In mountains that look like masses 
of ck)uds, and in cities and in many char- 
ming provinces. 

15. It is full of trees cavered with flowers 
and fruits and with crops of various kinds 
and with many other rich thiprgs. It is sur- 
rounded on all sides with the salt sea. 

i6« As a ni«n caa -see his face in a 
mtiTor, 80 is ihe islafi4 oalled Sudarsmnm 
teen in the lunar diK. 

17. Two of iu pAfts appear like « 
pipal tree, the two others look like a large 
hare. It is surrounded on all sides with tne 
various kinds of plants. 

18. Besides these portions, the rest is 
all water. I shall describe them to you 
shortly. Hear what; I now de^ribe itt 

Thus ends the fifth chapter, the descrip^ 
tion of Sudarsana dwipa in the Jamvu» 
khanda Vinirmana of the Bhishma Parvai 




Dhritarashtra said :— 

1. O Sanjaya, you are intelligent, you 
know the truth, you have duly given me in 
brief the description of the island. Tell us 
now of the island in detail. 

2. Tell us now of the dimension of that 
portion of the land that loqks like a hare* 
Vou may then describe the portion that 
looks like the pipal tree. 

Sanjaya said:—- 

3. Stretching from cast to west, there 
are six mountains that are all equal and 
that extend from the eastern to the western 

4. They are named Himavat, Hemaku^ 
that foremost, of mountains Nishada, Nila 
that abounds in Vaidurju gems, Sweta, a^ 
white as the moon, 

5. And Sringavat which is made of all 
kinds of metals. O king, these are the six 
mountains ever frequented by the Siddhat 
and the Char^nas. 

6. The space between them extends one 
thousand Vojanas. There are many de- 
lightful kingdoms thereon. O descendant 
of Bharata, these divisions are called 

7. In all these kingdoms live creaturef 
of various kinds. This is the Varsa called 
after Bharata. Next to it the Varsa called 
after Himavat. 

8. The land that is beyond Hemaktit^ 
is called Hartvansa ; south of the Nil^ 
mountain and the north of the Nishada 

9. Is a mountain, O king, called 
Malyavat that extends from east to west* 
3eyond Malyavat is the mountain catlci^ 
the Gandhamadana. 

10. Ket^een thefe two (moifUains) is fi 
round mountain called Mem which is n||i4f 



of gcfi^' It is an efTul|<ent as the morning 
sun ; ^ is like fire without smoke. 

II. It is eighty-four thpnsand Yojanas 
fiigh. O king, its depth is sixteen thousand 

12I It stands carrying the worlds above, 
below and transversely. O lord, by the 
side of Meru are situated four islands, 

13. Namely Bhadraswa, Ketumala, 
Jamvu^wipa also called Bharata, and 
Uttara Kuru which is the abode of the 

14. The bird Sumukha, the son of 
Suparna (Garuda), seeing that all the birds 
on the Meru were of golden plumage, 

15. "I shall f^o away from this 
mQuntain, because there is no jdifference 
there between good, indifferent and bad 

t6. Tliat foremost of luminaries, the 
sun. always goes round the Meru, so does 
c)ie mpon wiUi hjs ^tenflant constellations, 
po does ^Iso.V^yu. 

• 17. O icing, that mountain poitsesses 
celestial fruits and flowers ; it is covered 
all over with houses made of burnished 

18. O king, there on that mountain the 
celestials, the Ganidharvas, the Asuras and 
the Raksbasas with the Apsaras always 
come to sport. 

19. There Brahma, Rudra, and Sakra, 
the lord of the celestials, meet together and 
perform various kinds of sacrifices with 
large Dakshinas. 

20. Tamvuru, .and Narada, Viswavasu 
undthe Hahas and the Huhus went there 
and adored the foremost of the celestials 
with various hymns. 

21. The illustrious seven Rishis and 
Kasyapa, the lord of creatures, go there on 
eyftry Parva<iay. 

22. On the summit of that mountain, 
Usanas, otherwise called the Poet, sports 
with the D.iityas. The jewels and gems and 
all precious stones belong to Meru. 

23. A fourth part of them is enjoyed by 
Kuvefa. Only a sixteenth part he gives 

^ men to be enjoyed by them. 

24. .On the northern, side of Meru there 
fiji.a charming and beautiful forest of Kami- 
karas. It, 1s ever covered with the flowers 
mi every ; teason. ft occupies^ a range of 

25. There spqrts the illustrious Pashu- 
.pati, the creator of all things, surrounded 
py his pelestial attendants and accom- 
panied by Uma« 

26. He wears a garland of Karmhatyi 
flowers round his neck wtiich reaches dowfi 
his feet and which bla;^es with radiance 
with his three eyes resembling three suns. 

27. The Siddlias who are truthfi^l, \yho 
are of excellent vows and austere asceti- 
cism can see him. Maheshwara is inca- 
pable of being seen J>y meri of bad conduct. 

28 — ?(). O king, from the summit of that 
mountain issues forth like a stream of milk 
the sacred and immeasurable Gangn of 
universal form resorted to by the 'pious. 
She falls with great force and fearfuh noise 
in the charming lake of Chandramas, 

30 — 31. That sacred lake like an ocean 
has been formed by Ganga herself. Ganea, 
incapable of being held by even the 
mountains, was held for one thousand year* 
by I he wielcier of Pinaka on his head. O 
king, on the western side of the .Meru i^ 

32. Here is also Jamvukhanda, O king^ 
which is greatly populated. O de§cen- 
dant of Bharata, the length of human life 
there is ten thousand years. 

33, The mpn are of golden complexion. 
Women are all Iit5e Apsaras. All the 
persons . are without sickness, and grief, 
and are always clieerful. 

34 — 36' The men born there pqssess 
effulgence like |that of U^e melted gold. 
On the Candhamadana the lord of 
Guhyakas, Kuvera, with many Rakshasas 
and Apsaras passes his time in happiness. 
By the sides of tlie Gandhaniadana there 
are many smaller^mountajns and hills. 

37. The length of human life there i^ 
eleven thousand ^ears. O king, the men 
there are cheerful, and possess great energy 
and great strength. The women are all of 
the complexion of the lotus.' They are 
exceedingly beautiful. 

38. Beyond the Nila (njountain) is 
Sweta ; beyond Sweta is Hairanyaka, be- 
yond Hairahyaka is Airavata abounding in 
many countries. 

39. O king, the last Var^a in the nortii 
and Bharata Var^a in the south are both 
of the form of a bow. Ilavrita is situated in 
the very middle of the five Varsas. 

40. Amongst these seven Varsas, tlje 
one that is furthest north excels the one 
immediate soutn to it as regards its many 
features stich as the length. of life, stature, 
wealth, piety, pleasure and profit. 

41. O descendant of Bharata, in these 
Varsas, creatures ill live together. O klne, 
the earth is thus covered with mountains. 

42. The great mountain of If em akuta is 
also called Kailasa where, , O king, 



Vaisravana 'delightedly sports with his 

43. Immediately north of Kailasa and 
near the mountain Mainaka, there is a 
a great and beautiful mountain called Mani- 
maya which possesses golden peaks. 

44 — 45. Near this mountain there is a 
large, celestial and delightful lake 
called Vindusara with golden sands. There 
king Bhagiratha, seeing Ganga who is 
called after his name, lived for many years. 
There are innumerable sacrificial stakes 
made of gems and chaitya trees made of 

46. It was there that the greatly renown- 
ed Indra obtained success by performing 
sacrifices. There the lord of alt creatures, 
the eternal creator of all the worlds, 

47. Endued with supren>e energy, sur- 
rounded by his ghostly attendants, is adored. 
There Nara and Narayana and Bramha 
and Manu and Sthanu are ever present. 

48—49. There the celestial river Ganga, 
of three currents, issues out of the regk>n of 
Bramha. There she first appeared. Then 
dividing herself mto seven streams she 
became Vaswakasara, Nalini, the sin- 
cleansing Saraswatiy Jamvunadi, Sita, 
Ganga and Sindha. 

50. . The supreme lord has himself made 
all the arrangements as regards this incon- 
ceiveable and celestial river. It is there 
that sacrifices have been performed on 
thousands of occasions at the revolution of 
the Yugas. 

51. As regards the Saraswati, in some 
p;irts she becomes visible and in some parts 
she disappears. This celestial seven 
Ganga is known all over the three worlds. 

52. The Rakshasas live on the Hima- 
vat, the Guhyakas on Hemakuta and the 
Nagas on the Nishada and the ascetics on 
the Gokama. 

53. The Sweta mountain is said to be 
the abode of the celestials and the Asuras. 
Tha Gandharvas live on the Nishada and 
the Bramhana Rishis on the Nila. 

54. The mountain of Sringavat is consi- 
dered to be the resort of the celestials, O 
king of kings, these are the seven varsas 
of tlie world as they are divided. 

55. Various mobile and immobile crea- 
tures are all placed in them. Various sorts 
of prosperity, both providential and human 
are noticeable in them. 

56. They cannot be counted. Those 
that are desirous of their own welfare believe 
in all this. I have now narrated to you the 
delightful region that is in the form of a hare 

which you asked me. 

57 — 58. At the end of the region zte 
the two Varsas, namely one on the 
north and the other on the south. 
Then again the two islands Naga 
dwipa and Kashyapadwipa are the two 
ears of this region of the form of a hare. 
O king, the beautiful mountain of Malay;i, 
with stones Tike plates of copper, forms the 
second part of Jamvudwrpa. This makes it 
look like a hare. 

Thus ends ike sixth chapter, the des' 
cripiion of earth* s measure in the Jamvu' 
khanda Vtnirmana of the Bhishma Parva. 



Dhritaraahtra said :— 

1. O Sanjaya, O greatly intelTigent onCf 
tell me in detail about tne country on the 
north and the east of the Meru and also 
about the Malyavat mountain. 

Sanjaya said :— 

2. O king, on the south of the Nila 
mountain and on the north of the Meru are 
the sacred Northern Kurus where dwell the 

3. The trees there bear sweet fruits, 
and are always covered with flowers and 
fruits. All the flowers are of the sweetest 
fragrance and all the fruits are of the best 

4. O king, some of the trees produce 
fruits as one desires to eat. There are 
some trees that are called " Milk-yielding.** 

5. They always produce milk and the 
six different kinds of food with the taste of 
ambrosia. They also produce cloths, and 
their fruits are ornaments. 

6 — 7. The whole ground is covered with 
gems and golden sands. A certain part of 
tliis region which is extrenoely delightful is 
seen to be as radiant as the ruby or the 
diamond or the Vaidurja gem or other 
jewels or of the hue of the lotus. O king, 
all the seasons there are charming, and no 
part of its ground ever becomes miry. 

8. Its tanks are charming, delicious and 
full of pure water. The men born there 
have all come down from the land of the 

9. All are of pure birth and all are ex* 
ceedingly handsome. Husband and wife 
are born there and women there are like the 
Apsaras in beauty. 



10. They drink the milk of those f'Milk- 
yielding'* trees which is as sweet as the am- 
brosia. The pair grow up there equally. 

ti. O king, they, both possessing equal 
beauty, both possessing equal virtues, both 
wearing equal dresses, grow up in great 
love like a pair of Chiikr^vakas (birds) 

13 — 14, The dwellers of this region are 
free from diseases. They are ever happy. 
O king, they live ten thousand and ten 
hundred years and they never abandon 
one another. A kind of birds called 
Bharunda of sharp beaks and of great 
strength takes them up when dead and 
throws them into the mountain caves. O 
king, I have now described to you the 
northern Kuru, 

15. I shall now describe to you the eastern 
side of the mountain Meru. O king, of 
all the regions there, one called Bhadraswa 
is the foremost. 

16. There is a large forest cl Bhadraswa 
and also a very big tree called Kalamra, 
O king, this Kalumra is always full of 
fruits and flowers. 

17. It is a Yojana in height. It is 
adorned by the Siddhas and the Charanas. 
The men there are all white. They possess 
great energy and great strength. 

18. The women possess the complexion 
like that of Itllies, They are very beautiful 
and charming. They possess the radiance 
of the mom ; they are as white as the 
morn. Their faces are like full moon. 

I p. Their bodies are as cool as the rays 
of the moon. They are all highly accom- 
plished in singling' and dancing. O fore- 
most of the Bharata race, the length of life 
here is ten thousand years. 

ao. They remain young for ever by 
drinking the luke of the Kalamra tree. 
On the north 01 the Nishada, 

21, There is a very large yamvu ivtt 
which b eternal. When adorned by the 
Siddhas and Charanas, that sacred tree 
grants every desire. 

22 — 24. This country has been named 
Jamvudwipa after the name of this tree. 
O best of the Bharata race, O ruler of 
men, this tree is in height one thousand and 
.one hundred Yojanas. It touches the very 
heavens. The circumference of a fruit m 
that tree which bursts by itself when ripe is 
eleven thousand and five hundred cubits. In 
falling on the ground) they make a very loud 

25. O king, then they pour out a silvery 
tuice on the eround. O king, that juice of 
jhe Jamvu, becoming a river, 

26 — 28. Passing round the Meru moun* 
tain comes to the country of the Northern 
Kurus. If that juice is drunk, it gives peace 
of mind. No thirst is ever after felt. O 
king, old age never comes. A kind of gold 
called Jamvunada is also produced there. 
They are used in making celestial weapons. 
They are very shining and look like the 
Indrogopaka insects. The men born there 
possessthe complexion of the morning sun. 

29. O best of the Bharata race, on the 
summit of the Malyavat is always seen the 
fire called Samvastaka, — the fire that blaxes 
forth at the end of a Yuga to destroy the 

30. On the summit of the Malyavat, 
there are many small mountains. O king, 
the Malyavat measures eleven thousand 

31. The men bom there possess com- 
plexion like gold. They have all descended 
from the abode of Bramha, and they are 
all utterers of the Vedas. 

3a. They undergo severe asceticism. 
They have their passions under complete 
control. They all enter the sun for the 
protection of creation. 

33. They are sixty six thousand iit 
number. They proceed in front of Aruna 
and surround the sun. 

34. Having been heated with the sun'» 
rays for sixty six thousand years, they then 
enter the soUr disc. * 

Thus ends the seventh chapter t the des^ 
cription of Malyavat in the ^amvukhanda 
Vinirmana of the Bhishma Parva* 


PARVA)— C<>ii<</. 

Dliritaraslitra said :— 

I. O Sanjaya, tell me in detail the names 
of all the Varsas and of all the mountains 
and also of all that live on these mountains* 

Saiijaya said :— 

2—3. On the south of the Sweta moun- 
tains and on the north of the Nishada is 
the Varsa called Ramanaka. The men 
that are bom there are all white. They are 
nobly born, and they are all handsome^ 
They haVc no enemies. 

4. On the south of the Nishada is the 
Varsa call id Hiranmaya where flows the 
river Hiranvati. 

5. O king, there lives the kine of birds 
Garuda. Q king, the people there 4re 


• ^ 




all handsome and rich, they are all followers 
of the YakshaS. 

6 — 7. O king, the men there possess 
great strength, and they are ever cheerful. 
O king, their length of life is eleven 
thousand and five hundred 3'ears. O lord 
of men, the Sringavat mountain has three 
beautiful peaks. 

8. One of these (peaks) is made of gold, 
another is made of jewels and the other is 
made of all kinds of gems and aclorned 
with large mansions. 

9. There always dwells the self luminous 
lady named Sandili. On the north of 
Sringavat and as far as the sea, O king, 

10. Is the Varsa called Airavat, As 
there is this jewelled peak, therefore it is 
superior io all Varsds, The sun does not 
produce heat there and men are not subject 
to decay. 

II — 12. The moon with the stars is the 
only source of light there. Possetsing the 
radiance and complexion of the lotus and 
c5'6s that resemble lotus-petals, the men 
born there have the fragrance of the lotus. 
With wihkless eyes and with charming 
fragrance, they move about without taking 
food. They are completely self-controlled. 

13—14. They have all descended from 
the land of the celestials. O king, they 
are all ivithout bin of any kind. O b^st 
qf the Bharata race, the length of their 
life is thirteen tliousand years. On the 
north of the milky ocean the lord> 

. 15. The eternal Hari lives on His 
golden chariot. That chariot is furnish- 
ed with eight wheels. Innumerable super- 
natural creatures are placed there each 
having the fleetness of mind. 

16. Its tompYex^on h like thiit of the 
fircj^ 1 1 possesses great velocity and it is 
n domed with gold. . O best of the 
Bharata race. He Is the lord of all 
creatures and possesses every kind of 

17. He is finite and He is infinite. He 
is the doer tas well as the instrument of 
action. O kin^, He is earth, water, ether 
air and fire. He is the sacrifice of all 
creatures and fire is His mouth. 

Vaishampayant 6aid :— 

'18. O kingf, havTng beieh thus addrcs<;ed 
Gy San^aya,' flie illustrious kirg Dhrila- 
rashtra meditated long about his sons. 

19. Endued as he was with great energy 
he, having thus reflecled, faid these words 
to Sanjaya. "O Suta's son, there is no 
doubt that it is Time that destroys the uni- 

20. It is Time that again creatt^ cv^ 
thmg. Nothing is ever-lasting in this worlcl. 
It is omniscient Nara and Narayana that 
destroy all creatures. 'J'he celestials call 
Him Vaikunihat men call Him the Loid 

Thus ends the eighth chapter, the words 
of Dhritarashtra on the ^amvukhanda 
Vinirmana of the Bhishnta rarua. 



Dhritarashtra said :— 

1—2. Tell me about the Varsac^Med Bha- 
rata in which these foolish men have assem 
bled(to fight), for which my soii Durvodhana 
has become so very covetous, which the 
Pandavas also are desirou«{ of obtaining 
and in wliich even my mind siiiks. Tell 
me all this, for you are^ in my opinion 
endued with great intelligence. 

Sanjaya said:— 

3. O king,hear my Words. Ti»e Pandivas 
are not covetous about Uiis country. It 
is Durvodhana who is covetous. It is tlie 
son of Suvala, Sakuni, 

4. And also many other Khashtr}'as 
who are rulers of countries and who being • 
covetous of this country cannot tolerate 
one anotheh 

5—9. O descendant of Bharata, 1 shall 
now speak to you about the country named 
after Bharata. It is the beloved land of 
Indra. O king, this land called after Bharata, 
is also, the beloved land of Mahu, the 
sou of Viva^wat, of Pritha» of Vainga, of 
the illustrious Ikshakhu, of Yayati^ of 
Amvaribha, of Mandhata, of Nahusa, of 
Machukunoa, of Slvi, the son of Ushinaras 
of kishava, of I la, of king Nriga^ of Kusika, 
of the illustrious Gadhi, of Somaka, and of 
Dilipa and of majiy other kings. O chas- 
tiser of foes, 1 siiall now de^ribe to }'ou 
the country as I have heard of it. 

10—12. O king, hear as I .speak, of. 
what you have asked me. Mahendra,!, 
Malaya, Sahya, Suktimat. Gandjiamadaita,,' 
Vindy^, and Paripatra, these are jlhe seven; 
main mountains forming the boundaries (of, 
Bharata varsa). Besides these there arc 
O king, thousands of oth^r mountains^ 
which are hard, and huge and w.hi<^h con- 
tain many excellent valleys. Besides these 
I (larger ones) there ^arc many Smaller Wun*' 
I tiiins inhabited by tht barbartmis; 

8ii|S»A l^ARVit'. 


/ 13 — 31. O <tecendAnt of Kuni, O lord, 
tlte Aryans and the MIechhas and many 
other raced drink the waiters of the following 
rivers. The magi^ificetit Ganga, Sindhu, 
Saraswatl, Godavaii, Nannada, the large 
river called Vahuda, Satadru, Chandra- 
vaga, the lar^fe rivet called Vamuna, Dres- 
hadwati, Vipasa, VipTapa, Sculavaluka, 
Veiravati, Krishnavena, Iravati, Vitasta, 
Payosliini, Devika, Vedamrita, Veaayati,- 
Tridiva, Ikshumalavi, Karishini, Chitra- 
vaha, Cliitrasena, Gomati. Oliutapapa, 
GandakifKousaki, Nischiu, Kirtya» Nicliita, 
Lohatarini, Rashasr, ICatakumva, Saraju, 
Cliarirntfiiiti, Vetravati, Hastisanta, Dtsa, 
SaraVatiy Venna, Bhimarathi, Kaveri, 
Chuluka, Vina, Satavala, Nivara, Mahila, 
Suprojoga, . Pavilra, Kundala, Rajanii 
I^uramalini, Purvabhirama, Vira, Bhima, 
OghaVat?, Pdlasini, Papahara, Mahendra, 
Patalvati, Kasisini, Asikini, Kusacheva, 
Makart, Pravara, Meha, Hetna, Dhritavaii, 
Piiravati, Aniishna, Saivya, Kapi, Sadanira, 
Adhn'shya, the mighty river Kushadhara, 
Sadakahta, Siva, viravati, Vastu, Suvastu, 
Kampana, Heranwati, Vara, great river 
l^anchami, Kathachitra, Jyotiratha, Vi- 
shwamltra, Kapinjala, Ut>endra, VahUla, 
Rtithira, Mooiiuvahini, Vinadi, PinjaU, 
Vena, the great river Tungavena, Vidisa, 
Krishnavena, Tarn ra, Kapila,CaIu, Suvama, 
Vedaswa, the great river Harisriva, Sigra, 
Pichaia, Bheradwaji, Kousika, Saha and 
Chandrama, Durgamantrasila Bramhavod- 
dhya, Vrihadvati, Yavaksha, Rbhi, 
Yahivtmitdi, Sunasa, Tamasa, Dasi, Vasa, 
Varuna, and Asi, Nila, Dhritiamati, the 
great river Parnasa, Tamasi, Vrishava, 
Bramha-medhya, Vrihadhani. 

32 — 36. O king, these and many other 
large rivers such.asSadaniramaya, Krishna, 
Mandaga, Mandavahini, bramhini, Moha- 

fouri» Durfi^a, Chitropala, Chitraratha, 
ianjula, Vahini, Mandakihi, Vaitarini, 
ljtoia» Mdhanadi Sukttmati, Ananea, Push* 
paTirii, Utpalavati, Ldhitya, Karatoya 
VrishfliibhyA, Kumari, Rishikullya, Marisha, 
Saraswati, and Mondakini, ISupanya, 
Sarvasanga, O descendant of Bhar^ta, all 
dtete nft \,h€ mother of the universe ^nd 
they pnoduce great merit. 

Besides these rivers, there are hundreds 
^nd thousiands di rivers that have no 
fialties. O king, I have mentioned io 
yOu all the rivers that I remember 

" *37^^^^- Hear now the names of various 
countries. They are the Kuru-Panchala, the 
Sal was, the Nladreyas, the Junealas, the 
Surasenas, the Kalingas, the Vadas, the 
Malas, the Matsyas, the Sakutvas, the 
Savualyas, the KuiTtarta5,-'the Kasi Kosalas, 
the Chedis, the Kurusas, the Bhojas, the 
Sindhus, the Pulindakas, the Uttamas, the 
Dasarnasi the Makhalas, the Ulkalas, the 

Piirtchalas (he Kausija^ the^ikaparisthas, 
the Dhurandhards, the Sodhas, ttie Madra 
Bhuiingas, the Kasis, the further Kashis, 
the jalharas, the Kukuras the Dasarns, the 
Kuntis, the Avantis, the further Kuntis, the 
Gomantas, the Mandakas, the Shandas, the 
Vidarbhas, the Rupavahikas, the Aswakas/ 
the Pansuraslitras, the Goparashtras^ the 
Karityas, the Adhirjoyas, the Kuladyas, tlie 
Mallarashtras, the keralas, the Vasatrasyas 
the Apavahas, the Sakaras, the Vakratapas 
the Sakas, the Vedihas, the M»^dhas, the. 
Swashas, the Malayas, the Vijayas, Uia 
Ahgas, the Van^as, the Kalingas, the. 
Vakrillomas, the Mallas, the Sudellas, tlie 
Prahradas, the Mahikas, the Sasikas, the 
Valhtkas, the Vatadhanas, the Abhiras, tlie 
ICalaioshakas, the Aparantas, the Parantas, 
the ranabhas, the Cnarmamandlas, the Ata« 
visikharas, the Merubhutas, the Upavirttas, 
the Anupavrittas, the Surashtras the 
Kakoyas, tne Kutta^, the Mahsyas, tlie, 
Kakslias, theSanudranishkutas, the Andhras 
many other hill tribes, the Angamalajas, the 
Manavanjakas, the Mahyuttas, the Pravi- 
sheyas, the Bhargavas, the Pandras, the 
Bhargas, the Kiratas, the Sudeshnas, the 
Vamunas, the Saka5, the Nishadas, the 
Nishadhas, the Anartas, the Naireias, the 
Durgalas, rhe Pratimasyas, the Kuntalas, 
the Kusalas, the Tiraerahas, the Ijakas, tha 
Kanyakagunas, the Tuabharas, the Sameras 
the Madhumattas, the Sukandkas, the 
Kashniiras, the Sindhu*son viras, the 
Gandharvas, the Darsakas Abhisaras, the 
Utulas. the Saivalass, the Valhikas the 
the Darvis, the Vanavadarvas, the Vata* 
gas, the Amarathas, and the Uragas, the 
Vahuvadhas, the Kauravyas, the Sudama* 
nas, the Sumalikas, the Vadhrus, the 
Karishakas, the kalindas, the Upatyakas, 
the Vatyanas, the Romanas, the Kusaviudas 
i he Kachas, the Gopalakachas, the Kura« 
varnakas the Kiratas, the Vadras the 
Seddhas, the Vaidehas, the Tarmaleptas, 
the Audras, the Paundras, the Saisikatas» 
and the Parvatyas. O b^t of the Bharata 
race, there )&re Other kingdoms, such as» 
the Dravrdas, the Keralas, the Prachyasthe 
Mushikas, the Vanavashikas, the Kama* 
ukas, the Mabisakafe, the Vikalpas, the 
Mushakas, the Jhellakas, the Kuntalas 
the Souhridas, the Nala1cananas» the 
KanKdutakas, the cholas, the Malavavakas, 
the Samangas, the Kanakas, the Kukkuras 
the Angaramurishas, the Mareshas, the 
Dhwajinas. the utsavad, the Sanketas, t^e 
Trigartas, the Salwasenis, the Vahas, the 
KokaraV^, the P^etris, the Lahmavega 
vasas, the Vindyachulakas, the Pulinda^, 
the Valkalas, the Malavas, the VaUava<«, 
the further Vallavas, the Kulindas, the 
Kalavas, the Kuntakas, the Karata!5» the 
Mriishakas, t!he Tanavalas, the Saniyas, 
the Rishikas, the Vidanras, the • Kafcas, the 



Tanganas, the further Tunganas. The 
Ml^has, the Krurus, the Yavanas, the 
Chinas, the Kamvojas, the Darunas» the 
Sukritvahas, the Kulathas, the Hunas, the 
Farasikas, the Ramanas, and the Oasa- 
malikas. Besides this country is the abode 
of many Kshatryas, Vaisyas and Sudra. 

67 — 70. There are the Sudraviras, the 
Daradas, the Kasmeras, the Paltis, the 
Kasiras, the Atriyas, the Bharadwajas, the 
Sunopi Shikas, the Poshakas, the Kalingas 
and many other Kiratas, the Tomeras, the 
Hansamargas and Karamanjakas. These 
and other kingdoms are in the east and in 
the north. 

71 — 72. O lord, I have briefly mentioned 
them. If the resources of the earth are pro- 
perly developed, she is then like an all- 
yielding cow, from which the threefold 
objects of Dharma, Artha and Kama might 
be milked. Brave kings, learned in Dharma 
and Artha have become covetous of earth. 

73. From the thirst of wealth, they would 
even abandon their lives in battle. Earth 
is the stay of creatures endued with celestial 
bodies as well as human bodies. 

74. O foremost of the Bharata race, 
with the desire of enjoying earth they have 
become like dogs that snatch meat from one 

75— 76* O descendant of Bharata, their 
ambition is unlimited ; it is for this the 
Kurus and the Pandavas arc trying, to get 
possession of the earth by negotiations, by 
disunion, by gift and by battle. O foremost 
of men, if earth be properly treated, she 
becomes the father, the mother, the children, 
the sky and the heaven of all creatures. 

Thus ends the ninth chapter, the descrip^ 
tion of Bharata in the Yamvukhanda 
Vinirmana of the Bhisma Parva. 




Dhritarashtra said :— 

I — 2. O Sanjaya, O Suta, tell me in 
detail the length of life, the strength, the 
good and bad things, the past, present and 
future of the dwellers of the Bharata Varsa 
and of the Haimavat Varsa and also of 

Sanjaya said :— 

3. O best of the Bharata racei there are 
four Vugas in Bharatavarsa, namely Krita, 
Tretai Dwapara and Kali. 

4. The first of the Vugas is Krita. O 
lord, after the expiry of the Krita comes 
Treu, after Treta comes Dwapara. After 
that last of all comes Kali. 

5. O foremost of the Kurus, O best of 
kings, the length of life in the Krita Yuga is 
four thousand years. 

I. O ruler of misn, the length of life in 
Treta is three thousand. In tlie {^resent 
age, in this Dwapara, persons remain on 
earth for two thousand years. 

7. O best ot the Bharata race, in Kali 
there will be no fixed period for men's life 
on earth, they will die even in the womb or 
after birth. 

8 — II. O king, in the Krita Yuga, men 
are born and beget children by hundreds 
and thousands ; they possess great strength 
and power and wisdom, wealth and beauty. 
Great ascetic Rishis, capable of great deeds 
and possessing high -souls, virtuous, and 
truthful are born in that age. The Kliash- 
triyas of that age are handsome, able« 
bodied, greatly energetic, accomplished in 
archery, highly skilled in battle and very 
brave. O king, in the Krita Yuga, all the 
Kshatriya kings were lords paramount. 

12. In Treta age arc bom brave Khash* 
tryas who are subject to none who are long- 
lived, who are heroic, and who wield the 
bow in battle with great skill. 

13. O king, when Dwapara comes in, 
all the four orders of men become capable 
of great exertions. They possess great en- 
ergy and they - desire to conquer one ano« 

14. O king, the men bom in the Kali 
Yuga possess little energy. They become 
highly wrathful, covetous and untruthful. 

15. Jealousy, pride, anger, deception, 
malice, covetousness, O descendant of Bha- 
rata, are the character'istics of men in the 
Kali age. 

16. O king, O ruler of men, the portion 
of the Dwapara Yuga that still remains is 
very small. The Varsa called Haimavat 
is superior to Harivarsa in all attributes. 

Thus ends the tenth chapter, the description 
of the duration of life tn Bharatavarsa in 
the Jamvukhania Vinirmana of the Bhisma 




Dhritarashtra said :— 

T. O Sanjaya, you have described to me 
Jamvukhanda. Tell me now its dimensions 
and extent. 

2. O Sanjaya, tell me also of the extent 
of the oceans, of Sakadwipa, and of Kusa- 

3. Of Salmali Dwipa and of Krauncha- 
dwipa. O son of Gavalgani, UU me also of 
Rahu, Soma and Surya. 

Sanjaya said :— 

4. O king, there arc many islands in this 
earth. But I shall describe to you only 
seven islands and also the moon, and the 
sun and the planets. 

5. O king, the Jamvu mountain extends 
for full eighteen thousand and six hundred 

6. The extent of the salt sea is said to be 
double of it. This sea is covered with 
many kingdoms. It is adorned with gems 
and corals. 

7. It is adorned with many mountains that 
are variegated with metals of various kinds. 
It is circular in form like a sea, and is thick- 
ly peopled by the Siddhas and the Charanas. 

8. O descendant of Bharata, O scion 
of the Kuru race, I shall now speak to you 
in detail of SaJkadwipa. Hear as I dis- 

9. O that island is twice as large as 
the Jamvudwipa. O king of kings, the 
ocean also is twice as large as that island. 

10. O best of the Bharata race, Saka- 
dwipa is surrounded on all sides bj^ the sea 
of milk. Its kingdoms are full of righteous- 
ness and its men never die. 

11. There is no famine there. The 
people all possess forgiveness and great 
prowess. O best of the BharaU race, I 
have briefly spoken to you about Saka- 
dwipa. What else, O king, do you desire 
to hear T 

Dhritarashtoa said :— 

12. You have briefly told me of Saka- 
dwipa. O greatly wisa one, tell me now 
everything in detail. 

Sanjaya said ^— 

13. O kin^r, there arc seven mountains in 
that island. They are decked with jewels, 
and there are mines of gems and precious 
stones. There are . many rivers in that 
'island. Hear, as I tell you their names. 

14. O king, every thing there is charm- 
ing and delightful. The first of those 
mountains is called Meru. It is the abode 
of the celestials, the Rishis and the Gan- 

15. O king, the next mountain stretch- 
ing eastward is called the Malaya. It is 
there that the clouds are born, and it is from 
that place that they disperse on all sides. 

16. O descendant of Kuru, the next is 
the large mountain, called Jaladhara. From 
it, Indra daily takes water of the best qua- 

17 — x%, O ruler of men, it is from that 
water that we get showers in the rains. Next 
is the great mountain, called Raivataka, 
over which has been permanently placed in 
the sky the constellation Rohini, This 
arrangememt has been made by the Grand* 
sire (Bramha) himself. O great king, on 
the north of this mountain, is one called 

19. It is as bright as the newly risen 
clouds. It is high, beautiful and bright. 
O king, as the colour of that mountain is 
black, all the people that live there are 

Dhritarashtra said •— 

20. O San Java, a great doubt has arisen 
in my mind. Why, O son of Suta, people 
of that country are dark ? 

Saigaya said:— 

21. O CTPeat king, O descendant of Kuru 
in all islands men may be found who are 
fair and those who are dark, and those also 
who are born by the mixture of the white 
and the black races. 

22. But because the people are all dark 
there, that mountain is called the Dark 
mountain. O chief of the Kurus, next to 
this is the great mountain, called Durga** 

23. Then is the mountain, called 
Keshari. The breezes, that blow from that 
mountain, are all charged with effluvia. 
The height of this mountain is double of the 
one just mentioned. 

24. O descendant of Kuru, it is said by 
the learned that there are seven Varias 'in 
that istand. The Varsa of Meru is called 
Mahakasha, that of the water-giver (Malaya) 
is called Kumudattra. 

25. That of Jaladhara is called Suku- 
mara and that of Syama« called Mani- 

26 — 27. That of Keshara is called Man- 
daki and that of the next mountain is called 
Mahapunam. In the midst of that island 
is a large tree called Saka. In height and 



breadth tliat trae is ^iml -to that of ihe 
Jamvu tree in Jamvudwipa. The people 
always worship that tree. 

28. In tliat island thiere are many char* 
ming^ countries in which Siva is worshipped. 
The Siddhas, the Charan^s iand the pelestial 
go there, 

.29. O king, the people there are all 
virtuous. Q descendant of Bliarata. all the 
four orders of men there are engaged in 
their respective duties. There occurs not a 
case of tneft. 

30. O king, bein^ free from old age ;ind 
death, and possessmg long life, th^ people 
there grow like rivers in the rains. 

31. The rivers there are all full of sacred 
water. Ganga herself, distributed as she is 
in .various countries, is also there. Sukumari, 
Kumari, Sita and Kaviraka, 

* 32. Mahanadi, the Manij&la, Chakshas, 
and the river Vardanika, O descendant of 
Kuru, O best of the Bharata race, 

33. These and many other riverS by 
hundreds and thousancls all full of sacred 
water are there. O perpetualor of the Kuru 
race, Vasava (Indra) draws water from 
them to shower as rain. 

34* It is impossible to mention the 
names and lengths of these rivers. All of 
them are the foremost of all rivers, and they 
Art all sin -cleansing. 

35. As every body has heard, in the is- 
land of Saka there are four aacred countries. 
They are the Mrigas, the Masakas, the 
Manasas and the Mandagas. 

36. The Mrigas are generally Brahma- 
nas engaged in the dtities of their own. 
Many virtuous Kshatriyas are among the 

Masakas who grant. every wish«of,,the Bfah- 

37. O king, the Manasas follow the 
dirties :of the Vrisyus. • Haviog all their 
desires gratified, they are brave and firmly 
devoted to Dbarma Si\)d4rtha, 

38. The Mandagas are all brave Sudras 
and they are all vh-ttioits. O kiog,fin these 
countriesi there is .no; king, no punishment, 
and no person who deserves to be puni3hed. 

.39- . 'Tliey are all engaged in the practice 
Of their respective duties and they all protect 
one another. So much can be saicTof the 
Saka island iahd so much only could be 
heard of that greatly powerful island. 

Thus ends ihe ehv^th tliap^er, ihe.des- 
criptiou of Saka dwipa in the Bhupii of the 
Bhisma Parva, 

CHA*>TP^ XiU. 
(BHUMI PARVA)'^CoHtintted. 

Sanjaya said :— 

1. O descendant of Kipru, O^reat kingt 
I shall tell you what is heard of the ij^lands 
in the north. l\ear, 

2. There is that ocean the water of 
which is Ghee, Next to it is the ocean, t lie 
water of v^hich is curd. Next is the ocean, the 
water of which is wine, and tlien com^ a 
ocean of water. 

3. O king, the islands are double in 
area of one another as they proofed further 
towards, the. north. O king, they are sur- 
rounded by these oceans. 

4. In the middle inland, there is a large 
mountain called Goura which is made of red 
arsenic. O king, on tfje western island, 
there is a mountain, called Krishna; it is a 
favourite abode of Narayana. 

5. There Keshava protects celestial 
gems. From that place, when gracious, lie 
bestows happiness on . creatures. 

6. O king, along with the kingdonis ip 
thc^se inlands, Kusa pfr^ss ip Kusadwipa and 
the Salmali tree m Salmalikadwipa are 

7. P king, in the Krauncha island 
the mountain caljed Maha Kraupcl\a which 
is a mine of all kinds of gems is always wor- 
^hipp^d by all the four orders of men. 

8—9. O king, there is the mountain 
cajlod G^manta . which is htige.^n (sjze.and 
which consists of all ki/i^s of meU|?. Oin its 
summit hves Narayana,Hari wLtl>ilboselh^ 
have, obtained salvation,,graced ,witn pros- 
perity and possessed of eyes like lotus. Q 
great king, m Kusadwipa there is another 
mountain abounding in corals. 

xo. It is called a/ter that islanfl. This 
mountain is made of gqlcJ and it is inacces- 
sible. O descendant of Kur^, there is 
another greatly effulgent mountain cai(ed 


11. The fourth mountain there* is pJitUi^ 
Pushpavati, the fifth Kusesaya, the sixth 
Harigirl. These- c^e.t|ie:^x^Gtiiipf .ovoyo* 

12. Tha intervening spaces f^tween.ohe 
another of these six miountatns ..increases 
in the ratio of one to two, as , they proceed 
further and further towards Ihe nokli. .The 
first Varsa is calM ,-AHdM>ida, |[he s^ond 
is Venumandfla, 

13. The third is iSuralha. the fourth is 
iCamvala, the fifth is called Dhritimat, and 
the .sixth 'is named Probhakara. 



14^-13. The seventh is called Kaplla. 
These are the seven successive Varsas. The 
celestials and the Gandharvas and other 
creatures of the universe take pleasure to 
sport in them. The dwellers of these Varsas 
never die. O king, there is not any robber 
or any Mlechha race there. 

16—17. O king, alt the dwellers are 
generally white in complexion. They are 
very delicate. O ruler of men, I shall des- 
cribe all that has been heard by me. O 
ktngi hear with attention. O great king, 
there is a great mountain called Krauncha 
in the Krauncha island. 

18. Next to Krauncha is Vamanaka, 
next to Vamanaka is Andhakaraka, next 
to Andhakaraka is that foremost of all 
mountains which is called Mainaka. 

19 — 20. O king, next to Mainaka is that 
best of mountains called Govinda, next to 
Govinda is the Navida mountain. O perpe- 
tuatorof the Kuru race, the intervenmg 
spaces between one another of these moun- 
tains increase in the ratio of one to two. I 
shall speak of the countries that are situated 
there. Hear as I tell of them. 

21. The country near Krauncha is called 
Kasala, that near Vairana is Mohanuga 
that next to Mohanuga, O perpetuator of 
the Kuru race, is called Ushna. 

' 22, Next to Ushna is Pravarka, next to 
Pravarka is Andhakaraka, next to Andha- 
karaka is named Munidesha, 

23. Next to Manidesha is Dhunduvis- 
hana frequented by the Siddhas and the 
Charanas. O king, the people of this reg- 
ions are white. 

24. O king, all these countries are inha- 
bited by the celestials and the Gandharvas. 
In Pushlcara (island) there is a mountain 
called Pushkara, full of gems and jewels. 

25. There dwells the divine creator of 
the worlds himself. All the celestials and 
great Rishis always worship him, 

26. With gratifying words and respect- 
ful adoration. O king, various gems from 
Jamvudwipa are used there. 

27 — 28. O king, in all these islands 
Bramhackarjya^ truth, self-control, also 
health and length of life are in the ratio 
of one to two as the island are more and 
more remote northwards. O king, O 
descendant of Bharata, the land in all these 
islands is but pne country. 

29 — 30 For it is said to be the one 
country in which is seen but one religion. 
The supreme lord of creation himself,li7ting 
up the rod of chastisement alwajrs lives there 
and protects these islands. O king, he is 

their ruler, he is their source of hafJpinesS/ 
he is their father, he is their grandfather. 

31 — 32. O foremost of men, it is he whc/ 
protects there all mobile and immobile 
creatures. O descendant of Kuru, cooked 
food comes there of itself and all creatures 
eat it every day. O mighty-armed hero, 
next to these regions is seen the region 
named Syama. 

33-34. It is like a star in shape having 
four comers. O king, it has thirty three 
Mandalas, O descendant of Kuru, there 
live four great elephants adored by alK 
O best among the Bharata race, tltey are 
Vamana, Airavata, Supratika with rent 
temples and also another. 

35. 1 cannot venture to calculate the 

f)roportions of these four elephants. Their 
ength, breadth and thickness have ever 
remained unascertained. 

36—37. O king, winds blow in these re* 
gions irregularly from all directions. These 
winds are seized by these elephants with the 
tips of their trunks, which are like the lotu» 
in complexion, which are very brfght and 
which they are capable of drawing up in thi^ 
way. As soon as they seise them, they let 
them out. 

38. O king, having been thus let ont by 
these elephants, these winds come over ta 
this earth, and for their coming creature^ 
breathe and live. 

Dhritarastra said :— 

39. O Sanjaya, you have told me in detail 
about the first subject. Vou have also told 
me the position of the islands. O Sanjaya, 
tell me now the rest* 

Sanjaya said :-- 

40. O ^reat king, I have described Uf 
you all the islands. O Kuru chief, now hear 
what I say about the heavenly bodies and 
about Sarbhanu* 

41. O king, ft is heard by us that the 
planet Sarbhanu is a globe. Its diametre 
is twelve thousand Yojanas, 

42. And because it is very large, its cir- 
cumference is forty two thousand Yojanas,- 
O sinless of^, thus say the learned men of 

43—4^' O king, the dkmetre of themoott 
is said to be eleven thousand Yojanas, O 
Kuru chief, the circumference of our this 
famous planet of coo> rays is said to be 
thirty- eight thousand and nhie hundred 
Yojanas. O descendant of Kuru, we have 
heard that the diametre of the beneficient, 
fast-going and light -giving stfn b ten thous- 
and Yojanas, and O king, its circumference 
is thirty-f)Ve thousand eight bundled nfUes/ 



O sinless one, O descendant of Bharata, 
these are all ihe calculaiions of Arka. 

47. The planet Rahu on account of its 
great bulk covers both the sun and the 
moon in due time (during eclipses). I tell 
you all this in brief. 

48. O great king, with the help of the 
eye oi science, I have told you all that you 
asked me. Be blessed. 

49. I shall now tell you of the construc- 
tion of the universe as narrated in/ the 
Shastras, Therefore, O descendant of Kuru, 
pacify your son Duryodhana. 

50. O best of the Bharata race, hearing 
4his delightful Bhumi Parva, a Kshatriya 
obtains prosperity, the fruition of all his 
desires and the approbation of the pious. 

51—52. The king who hears this on the 
full-moon or the new- moon day and ob- 
serves ihe vows with care, obtains long life, 
fame, and prowess. His ancestral manes 
become pleased. You have now heard of 
all the merits that flow from this Bharata 
Varsa in which we live. 

Thus ends the twelveth chapter, the Uttara 
Kurus in the Bhumi of the Bhisma Parva, 


VaiBhampayana said :— 

1 — 2. O descendant of Bharata, posses- 
sing the knowledge of the past, present and 
future and seeing all present before his eyes, 
the learned son of Govalgana came quickly 
from the field of battle, and rushing witn 
grief to the presence of the king, told 
Uhritarashtra who was in great anxiety that 
the grandfather (of the Kurus) Bhisma was 

Sai^aya said :^ 

3. O great king, I am Sanjaya, O fore- 
most of the Bharata race, 1 bow to you. 
The son of Shantanu, Bhisma, the grand- 
father of the Kurus, is killed. 

4. ThM foremost of all warriors, that 
prowess personified of all bow-men, that 
grandfather of the Kurus, to-day lies on a 
bed of arrows. 

5. O kin|^, relying on whose energy, your 
9on played m that match at dice, that great 
Bhisma now lies in the field of battle killed 
by Shikhandin. 

6. That mighty car-warrior, who on a 
single car had formerly defeated in a great 
battle all the kings of the earth assembled 
at Kasi| 

7. He who fearlessly fought in battle with 
Rama the son of Jamadagnl, he whom evfen 
Jamadagni's son could not kill, even that 
great Bi»isma has been to-day killed by 

8. Resembling the great Indra in bra- 
very, the earth herself in patience, the 
Himalayas in firmness, and the ocean in 

9. That invincible warrior who had 
arrows for his teeth, the bow for his mouth, 
and the sword for his tongue, that best of 
men, has to-day been killed by the prince 
of Panchala. 

10. Seeing him ready for battle, the 
great army of the Pandavas trembled in 
fear like a herd of kine on seeing a lion. 

11. Alas (even that great Bhisma) the 
slayer of hostile heroes after having protect- 
ed your army for ten nights and having 
achieved feats exceedingly difficult to be ac- 
complished, to-day has set like the sun. 

12. Scattering thousands of arrows with 
the greatest composure, he who like Indra, 
daily killed ten thousand warriors and that 
too (continually) for ten days, 

13. O king, that descendant of Bharala 
even he,now killed by the enemy,lies, though 
he does not deserve it, on the bare ground 
like a large tree broken by the wind.* 

Thus ends the thirteenth chapter, the 
news of Bhisma* s death in the Bhagavatgita 
of the Bhisma Parva, 



— Continued, 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

1. How has tliat foremost of all the 
Kurus Bhisma been killed by Sikhandin ? 
How did my sire (Bhisma> who was like a 
second Indra fall down from his car 7 

2. O Sanjaya, what happened to my 30ns 
when they were deprived of the powerful 
Bhisma who was like a g^d and who led a 
life of celebacy fur his father T 

3. On the fall of that foremost of men 
Bhisma who possessed great wisdom, great 
ability for action, great powers and great 
energy, what did our warriors think in their 
minds 7 

4. Hearing that the foremost of men, 
the best of the Kurus, the unwavering hero 
(Bhisma) is killed, my heart is possessed 
by great grief. 



5. \Vh€h he advanced who followed him 
and who went in front ? Who* stood by his 
side and who advanced with him ? 

6. Who arc those brave warriors that 
followed that foremost of all car-warriors, 
that great bowman, that best of the 
Khashtryas (Bhisma) when he penetrated 
into the ranks of the enemy ? 

y — 8. When he attacked the enemy's 
rank who were the warriors that opposed 
that chastiser of foes who resembled the 
sun and who, spreading terror among the 
foes destroyed their ranks as the sun 
destroys darkness, and who achieved 
exceedingly difficult feats amongst ^he ranks 
of the the Pandavas 7 

9. O Sanjaya, how did the Pandavas 
oppose in battle that invincible son of Shan- 
tanu that accomplished warrior when he 
attacked them f 

10 — 13. How did Kunti's son overthrow 
in battle that unconquerable one, that fear- 
ful bowman scattering fearful arrows, and 
cutting off the enemies' heads, that invin- 
cible hero, modest in every thing, that fore- 
most of all men, stationed on his charriot 
that hero, having arrows for his teeth, with 
bow for his wide open mouth, with the 
terrible sword for his tongue ; how was he 
overthrown, who was never vanquished 
before and who did not deserve such a fate, 
that warrior who was as irresistible as the 
fire of dissolution and seeine whom in battle 
the ereat army of the Pandavas were ever 
filled with terror ? 

14. Destroying the enemys* troops for 

ten days that slayer of heroes, having 

achieved most difficult feats, has now set 
like the sun. 

15 — 16. As the result of my evil counsels, 
that scion of the Bharata race, scattering 
like Indra himself an inexhaustible shower 
of arrows, killed in battle one hundred milli- 
on of warriors in ton days. He now lies on 
the bare ground though he deserved it not 
on the field of battle deprived of life like a 
g^roat tree uprooted by the wind. 

17. Seeing the son of Shantanu, Bhishma* 
off fearful prowess, how could the army of 
the Panchalas strike him down 7 

18. How did the Pandavas fight with 
Bhishma 7 O Sanjaya, how is it that Bhisma 
could not cbnquer when Drona is still alive. 

19. When Kripa was near him, when 
Drona was there, how could Bhisma that 
foremost of warriors be killed 7 

90. How could Bhisma, who was an 
Atiratha and who could not be resisted even 
by the celestials be killed in battle by the 
Panchala Prince Shikhandin ? 

2! — 22. O Sanjaj^, he who always con- 
sidered himself equal to the mighty son of 
Jamadagni, he whom Jamadagni's son him- 
self could not conquer, he who resembled 
Indra in prowess, tell me how such a hero, 
Bhisma, born as he was in the race of 
MaharathaSt was killed in battle. Without 
knowing all the particulars, I cannot get 

23. O Sanjaya, (tell me) what great bow- 
men of my army, did not abandon that hero 
of unfading energy and what brave warriors 
at the command Duryodhana stood around 
that herojn order to protect him ? 

34. O Sanjaya, when all the Pandavas 
with Shikhanain at their head advanced 
againt Bhishma, I hope the Kurus stood by 
the side of that great hero of immeasurable 

25. Hard as my heart is, it is surely made 
of stone that it does not break on hearing 
the death of that foremost of men, Bhisma, 

26. There were truth, intelligence and 
policy to an immeasurable extent in that 
irresistible chief of the Bharata race. How 
could he be killed in battle 7 

37 — 28. He was like a mighty cloud, the 
twang of his bow was the roar of that cloud ; 
the arrows were its showers of rains, and 
the sound of his bow was its thunder. That 
hero, jBhowering his arrows on the sons of 
Kunti along with the Panchalas and Shnn- 
jayas who were on their side struck down 
the hostile car-warriors as the slayer of 
Bala (Indra) struck down the Danavas. 

29—32. Who were the heroes that 
opposed, as the shore resists the surging sea, 
that chastiser of foes, who was a fearful 
ocean of arrows and weapons, an ocean in 
which arrows were the terrible crocodiles, 
bows were the waves, maces and swords 
were the sharks, steeds and elephants were 
the eddies, the foot soliders were like so 
manv thousands fishes, and the sounds of 
concns and drums its roars,"-<in inexhausti- 
ble and agitated ocean without an island and 
without a raft to cross it, an ocean that 
swallowed up horses and elephants and 
foot soldiers by millions,— an ocean that 
drowned all Jiostile heroes, and that con • 
sumed in wrath, — the wrath which was its 
ocean fire 7 

33. Who were in his front when that 
chastiser of foes Bhisma achieved great 
feats in battle for the good of Duryodhana 7 

34. Who. were they that protected the 
right of that immeasurably powerful warrior 7 
Who were they that resisted the enemy's 
warriors from his rear with patience and 
energy ? 



35. Who placed themselves just in front \ 
of him to protect him ? Who were the 
heroes that protected the front of tHat brave 
ivarrior when he fought ? 

36. Who were they that placed them- 
selves on his left and attacked the Srinjayas ? 
Who were they that protected the irresis- 
tible ranks of his advanced guard ? 

37. Who protected the wings of that 
Warrior who has gone away to his last 

Journey ? O Sanjaya, who were they that 
ought with the enemy's warriors in general 
-engagement ? 

38. If he was protected by our warriors 
and if they protected by him, how is it 
that he could not defeat in battle the 
Pandava army, — invincible though it was ? 

39. O Sanjaya, how could the Panda vas 
succeed in striking Bhisma who was like 
Parameshti himself, that lord and creator 
of all creatures ? 

40. O Sanjaya, you tell me of the dis- 
appearance of Bhisma, that foremost of 
men who was our main stay and relying^ on 
5vhom, the Kurus were fighting with their 
enemies ? 

41. Alas, how has that greatly powerful 
-warrior, relying on whose prowess my son 
never cared for the Pandavas, been (to-day) 
killed by the enemy 7 

42. In the days of yore when the celes- 
tials were fighting with the Danavas, they 
sought the help of that invincible hero, my 
great vow- observing father. 

43 — ^44* O Sanjaya^ how can you tel' 
me that Bhisma, that foremost of all mighty 
men, that renowned warrior, that great 
refuge of all, that wise and virtuous man 
ever devoted to the duties of his order and 
learned in all the Vedas and their branches, 
the hero in whose birth Shantanu was freed 
from all grief, melancholy and sorrow, has 
been killed ? 

45. Skilled in every weapon, possess- 
ing himself gentleness, and great energy 
with passions under complete control, hear- 
ing that such son of Shantanu (Bhisma) 
is killed, I consider the rest of my army 
as already slain. 

46. In my opinion, impiety has now be- 
come stronger than piety, for the Pandavas 
desire sovereignty even killing their vener- 
able Guru. 

47. In the days of yore, Rama, the 
son of Jamadagni, skilled in every weapon 
and whom none excelled, was vanquished by 
Bhisma in battle when fighting on behalf of 

48. You tell me that Bhisma who is the 
ttremost of all warriors and who is equal 

to Indr^ in the great deeds he haft per- 
formed has been killed, what can be a 
greater grief to me than this ? 

49. That great intelligent one, who was 
net killed even by that slayer of hostile 
heroes, that Rama, the son of Jamadagni 
who defeated in baule all the Kshatriyas, 
has now been killed by Shikhandin. 

50 — 52. There is no doubt the son of 
Drupada Shikhandin, who has killed in 
battle that best of ihe Bharata race, that 
hero skilled in the greatest of weapons, 
that brave and accomplished warrior learn- 
ed in every weapon, is therefore superior 
to the invincible and greatly powerful son 
of Vrigu*(Parashuramj in energy, prowess 
and might. (Now tell me) who were the 
warriors that followed that chastiser of foes 
in that great battle ? 

53. Tell me how the battle was fought 
between the Pandavas and Bhisma? O 
Sanjaya, my army, deprived of its hero, is 
now like a woman without a protector. 

54 — ^55 • That army is now like a 
panic-stricken herd of kine deprived of its 
herdsman. When he who p >ssessed 
prowess superior to that of every lu in, has 
fallen in the field of battle, (I guess) what 
is the mind of my army. O Sanjaya, 
what power is there in our life 

56. When we have caused our greatly 
powerful father, thnt foremost of ;ill virtuous 
men in the world to be killed ? Like a man 
who, when desirous of crossing the sea, sees 
the boat sunk down in fathomless water, 

57. I am sure, my sons are bewailing 
in grief for the death of Bhisma. Q 
Sanjaya, my heart is surely made of stone. 

58. For it does not burst even 00 
hearing the death of Bhisma that foremost of 
all men, in whom were intelligence and 
policy and skill in arms. 

59. How has that invincible warrior 
been killed in battle ? Neither by weapons, 
nor by courage, nor by ascetic merit, nor 
by intelligence, 

60. Nor by firmness, nor by pift, can 
a man free himself from death. The greatly 
powerful Time cannot be transgressed by 
any thing in the world, 

61 — 65. When, O Sanjaya, as you tell 
me the son of Shantanu Bhisma is dead. 
Burning with grief for my sons, nay over* 
whelmed with great sorrow 1 hoped for 
relief from the son of Shantanu, Bhisma. O 
Sanjaya, when he saw Shantanu 's son lying 
dead on the ground like a sun (dropped 
from the sky) whom did Duryodhana maks 
his refuge? O Sanjaya, reflecting (all I 
can) with the help of my understanding, I 
do not see what the end will be of all those 



kings who are dti my side and those who 
are on the side of the enemy, those that 
have joined the opposite parties of the 
battle. Alas, cruel are the Kshatriya 
duties as fixed by the Rishis, for the Pandavas 
desire to obtain the sovereignty by even 
causing the death of Shantanu's son and we 
too desire to obtain sovereignty by ofTering 
that great vow-observing hero as a sacrifice. 

66. The sons of Pritha, as well as my 
sons are all performing the duties of 
Kshatriyas. Therefore none of them incurs 
any sin. O Sanjaya, even a very virtuous 
man should do tt when a great calamity 

67 — 68. The display of prowess and the 
gfreat strength has been considered to be 
the duty of a Kshatriya. How did the 
Pandavas oppose my father Bhisma, the son 
oi Shantanu» fhat invincible but modest hero 
when he was destroying the troops of the 
enemy? How were the troops arranged 
and how did he f^ght with the illustrious 
enemies ? 

69. O Sanjaya, how was my father 
Bhishma killed in battle? Duryodhana, 
Kama and the great skillful Sakuni, the son 
of Suvala, 

70 — 74. And the wily Oushasana, — what 
did they say when Bhisma was killed? 
Entering that fearful abode of destructive 
batdes' play, in which the balls have been 
made by the men, elephants and horses, in 
which arrows and javelins and swords and 
darts have formed the dice, who were those 
notched gamblers that gamble, by taking 
their very lives who won, who lost, who cast 
the dice with success and who else have been 
killed besides the son of Shantanu, Bhisma. 
Tell me all, O Sanjaya, for hearing that 
Devavrata (of his men) that father of mine, 
that hero of fearful deeds, that ornament 
of battle, Bhisma is killed, peace cannot 
jcome to me. Thinking that all my sons 
^vould be killed, I am affected with the 
greatest anguish. 

75 — 7§. O Sanjaya, you make my that 
grief blaze forth as fire with Ghee, Seeing 
Shisma, celebrated in all the worlds, who 
undertook a great task, killed, I am sure, 
my sons are lamenting. I desire to hear 
all their sorrows that have been produced 
by Duryodhana's act. 

77. Therefore, O Sanjaya, tell me all 
that had happened in the battle, the result 
jof my wicked son's folly. 

78 — 79. O Sanjaya, ill or well, tell me 
every thine. Tell me all in full and in 
detail, — an that was achieved in the battle 
by Bhisma ever desirous of victory, — by 
.that great warrior skilled in all weapons. 
tioyif did the battle take ptiace between tl|p 

armies of the Kurds and the Pandavas 
and in what manner was the battle fought ? 

Thus ends the fourteenth chapter,Dyrita* 
rostra* s queries in the Bhagavatgita Bf the 
Bhisma Parva. 


Sai^aya said :— 

1. O great king, you are in every way a 
deserving person. 'I*his question is worthy 
of you. You should not however lay blame 
on Duryodhana. 

2. The man who suffers evil for his own 
misconduct should not attribute it to others. 

3. O kincf of kings, the man who does 
all sorts of harm to other men deserves to 
be killed by all men for his these censur- 
able deeds. 

4. The Pandavas are thoroughly un- 
acquainted with the ways of wickedness. 
For a long time lookine up to your face, 
they (silently) suffered the injury and for* 
gave them though exiled in the forest. 

5 — 6. O king, O lord of the earth, hear 
of horses and elephants and immeasurably 

Cowerful kings, all that which has been seen 
y the help of Yoga power. Do not grieve. 
All this was pre-ordained. 

7 — 10. Bowinqr down my head to your 
father (Vyasa) that wise son of Parasara, 
through whose grace I have acquired ex- 
cellent and celestial vision, the power of 
seeing and hearing from a great distance, 
and knowing other peoples' hearts and also 
the past and the future, — the delightful 
power of going through the sky, also the 
knowledge of all the persons that violate thie 
ordinances and also the power of not being 
cut by weapons in battle, I shall narrate to 
you the romantic and the highly wonderful 
ajid hair*stirring battle that was fought 
amongst the Bharatas, — now listen to me. 

11. When the troops were arrayed 
according to the rule, when they were all 
ready for battle, O king, Duryodhana thus 
spoke to Dushasana. 

12. " O Dushasana, let cars be imme- 
diately ordered for the protection of Bhisma. 
Speedily urge all our troops to advance. 

13. What I have been thinking for 
many years has now come to me ; — namply 
the meeting of the Pandavas and the 
Kurus at the head of tlieir respective 



14. I do not think there is any thing 
more important in this battle than the pro- 
tection of Bhisma. If properly protected he 
will kill the Pandavas, the Somokas and 
the Srinjayas. 

15. That pure souled warrior (Bhisma) 
has s^d, "I shall not kill Shikhandin. I 
have heard he was a woman before. For 
this reason he should be renounced by me 
in battle." 

16. For this, Bhisma should be specially 
protected. Let all my soldiers take up their 
respective positions and resolve to kill 

17. Let all the troops for the east, west, 
north'' and south sliilled in all weapons 
protect the grand father (Bhisma), 

18. Even a highly powerful lion may be 
killed, if left unprotecteid, by an wolf. Le^ us 
not therefore allow (by any means) Bhisma 
to be killed by Shikhandin as a lion killed 
.by a jackal. 

19. Yudhamanyu protects the left and 
Uttamanjas protects the right of Phalgilna 
(Arjuna). Thus protected by these two 
Phalguna himself protects Shikliandin. 

20. O Dushashana, act in such a way 
that Shikhandin, who is protected by 
Arjuna and whom Bhishma will avoid may 
not (finally) kill the son of Ganga (Bhisma). 

Thus ends the fifteenth chapter, the 
colloquy between Duryodhana ana Dusha- 
Sana in the Bhagavatat Gita of the Bhisma 




Sanja]|ii said :— 

X. When the night passed away loud 
was the noise nrade by the kings by their 
all shouting ''Array, array". 

2 — ^3. O descendant of Bharata, the 
blowings of conchs, the sounds of drums, 
the neighing of horses, the clatter of car- 
wheels, the roarings of rushing elephants, 
and the shouts of heroes, clappmg of arm- 
pits and the cries of the warriors made 
everywhere a tremendous noise. 

4« O king, rising at sunrise, the large 
armi^of the Kurus and the Pandavas 
made all their arrangements complete. 

5— 6. When the sun rose, the fearful 
weapons of offence and. deffence and the 
armours of your sons and those of the 
sons of Pandu became fully visible. 

7. The elephants and chariots adomtd 
and decked with gold looked like resplen- 
dent clouds charged with lightning. 

8. The line of chariots standing in count- 
less number looked like so many cities ; 
your father (Bhisma) standing there looked 
as brilliant as full moon. 

9. Then the warriors armed with bows^ 
swords, scimit;irs, maces, javelins, lances, 
and shining weapons of various kinds took 
up their respective positions. 

10. O king, elephants, foot soldiers, car- 
warriors and horsemen stood there by hun- 
dreds and thousands like a net work. 

11. Thousands of brilliant standards of 
various forms were seen, belonging both la 
ourselves and to the enemy. 

12 — 13. Thousands of bright and beauti- 
ful fire-like blazing banners, decked with 
gold and gems were gazed at by the heroic 
warriors clad in armour, each one of whom 
longed for battle. 

14. Many foremost of men, with bull- 
like large eyes, with quivers and with finger 
protectors stood at the head of their res- 
pective troops. 

15 — 17. The son of Suvala, Sakuni, 
Salya, Jayadratha, the two princes of 
Avanti, Vindaand Anuvinda, the 
Kekaya brothers, the ruler of Kamvoja, 
Sudhakdhina, Srutayudha, the ruler of 
Kalingas, king Yayatsena, Vrihadvala, the 
ruler of Koshala and Kritavarman of the 
Satwata race, — these ten foremost of men 
possessing great bravery and arms like 
maces, — these (ten) performers of sacrifices 
with large Dhakshmas stood each at the 
head of one Akshauhini soldiers. 

18 — 20. These and many other kingfs tnd 
princes all great car-warriors, skilful in 
policy, obedient to the commands of Duryo- 
dhana, clad in armour, cased in black deer- 
skins, endued with great strength, acconv- 
plished in war, ready for Duryodhana's sake 
to go to the abode of Brahma, stood there at 
the head of ten Akshauhinis of soldiers. 

21. The eleventh great division of the 
Kuru army stood in advance (of all others), 
at the head of these troops stood the son of 
Shantanu Bhishma. 

22. O king, with his white head dress, 
with his white umbrella, and with his white 
armour, we saw greatly powerful Bhisma 
look like the rising moon. 

24. The great bowmen amongH the 
Srinjayas, Dhristadumna and others looked 
like so many little animals when they sqq 
before them a great yawning Hon. 



22. All the warriors headed by Dhrista- 
dumna treinbled (when they saw hinij) O 
king ; these are the eleven great divisions 
of your army. 

26 — 27. The seven divisions of the Fan- 
dava army were also protected by foremost 
of men. The two armies facing each other 
looked like two mighty oceans at the end of 
Yuga, oceans agitated by fearful Makaras 
and huge crocodiles. O king, we never be- 
fore saw or heard of two such armies meet- 
ing each other as these two armies of the 

Thus ends the sixteenth chapter, the 
description of the troops in the Bhaga^ 
vat Gita of the Bhisma Para, 


Saiyaya said :— 

1. Just as the holy Rishi Krishna Dai- 
payana Vyasa said, so exactly in ihat 
manner those rulers of earth who had 
assembled there met together. 

2. On the day on which the battle com- 
menced the moon approached the constella- 
tion Magha. The seven large planets 
appeared in the sky hke so many blazing 

3. When the sun rose, he Appeared as 
if he had been divided into two parts. 
When that luminary rose in the sky he 
appeared to blaze forth in flames. 

4. Carnivorous animals, jackals and 
crows cried from all directions which 
appeared in a blaze expecting tp feed on 
(dead) bodies. 

5 — 6. Every day the venerable grand- 
father of the Kurus (Bhisma) and tho son of 
Bharadwaja (Drona) when they rose in the 
momin^^ with concentrated mind, said 
•'Victory to the Panda vas" Those chas- 
tlsers of foes fought for your sake only be- 
cause they had given the pledge. 

7. Your father Devavrata learned in the 
niles of war duly calling all the kings be- 
fore him thus spoke to them these words. 

8. *'0 Khashtryas/ this broad door is 
wide open for you to enter heaven. Go 
through it to the abodes of Indra and 

9. The ancient Rbhis have pointed out to 
you these eternal paths. However fight in 
the battle with all attention. 

10. Nabha^o, Vayati, Mandhata, Na- 
husa and Vrigu ali secured success and 

obtained the highest region of bliss by such 

11. In a Kshatrya to die of a disease 
is a sin. I'o die in the field of battle is his 
eternal duty. 

12. O best of the Bharata race, having 
been thus addressed by Bhishma, the kings 
looked beautiful in their excellent cars. 
They then went to the heads of their res* 
pective troops. 

13. O best of the Bharata race, the son 
of Vikartana Kama, with his friends and 
relatives, however, laid aside his weapons 
for Bhisma. 

14. Then your sins and all the kings 
that M^re on his side without Kama march- 
ed making the ten points of horizon resound 
with their warcries. 

15. O king, their troops looked splendid 
with white umbrellas, banners, standards, 
elephants, horses, cars and foot-soldiers. 

16. The earth trembled with loud sounds 
of drums, tabors and cymbals and also 
with the clatter of the wheels of cars. 

17. The great car- warriors adorned 
with golden bracelets and armlets looked as 
effulgent as so many hills of fire. 

18. With his large paln\yra standard 
with five stars, Bhisma, the Generalissimo 
of the Kuru army, looked as resplendent as 
the sun himself. 

19. O best of the Bharata race, O king, 
according to the orders issued by the son 
of Shantanu, Bhisma, all the great bowmen 
of royal birth who were on your side took 
up their respective positions. 

20. Saivya, the ruler of the Govasanas 
accompanied by the chiefs marched on a 
great elephant worthy to be used by kings. 
It had a banner flying from its back. ' 

21. The lotu»-complexioned Ashwathama 
ever ready for emergency marched at th^ 
very heaa of all the troops with his standard 
that bore the device of a lion's tail. 

22. Srutayudha, Chritasena, Purumitra, 
Vfvinsati, Salya, Bhurisrava, and the car- 
warrior Vikarna, 

23. These seven great bowmen clad in 
excellent armour and riding on their excell- 
ent cars followed the son of Drorfa but 
marched in front of 0hisma. 

24. The golden standards of these war- 
riors, Jbeautifully placed at the flag-staff of 
their excellent cars looked highly effulgent. 

25. The standard of Drona, that fore- 
most of preceptors, bore the device of a 
golden altar, adorned with a water pot and 
a figure of a bow. 



26. The standard of Duryodhana, that 
f^uided many hundreds and thousands of 
troops bore the device of an elephant made 
in gems and jewels. 

27. Paurava, the ruler of Kalingas, 
Sudakshina, the ruler of the Komvojas, 
Kshemadhanyan, and Salya, — those great 
car-warriors took up their positions in front 
of Duryodhan^. 

28. Taking a position in the very front 
in a costly car with his standard that bore 
the device of a bull, the king of the 
.Maghadhas marched against the enemy. 

2gp The large force of the people of the 
;east which looked likg the fleecy clouds of 
autumn was protected by the Anga prince 
and the greatly powerful Kripa. 

30. Placing himself at the head of his 
troops with his beautiful silver standard 
which bore the device of the bpar, the 
illustrious Jayadhratha looked highly 

31. One hundred thousand cars, eight 
thousand elephants and sixty thousand 
horsemen were under his command. 

32. That large army with innumerable 
cars and elephants and horses under the 
command of the king of the Sindhus looked 
very grand. 

33< With sixty thousand cars and ten 
thousand elephants the king of the Kalingas 
with Ketumat marched. 

34* His elephants each looking like a 
hill adorned with machines, lances, and 
standards looked very beautiful. 

35. The king of the Kalingas with his 
high fire-like effulgent standard, with his 
white umbrella and charatias looked ex- 
ceedingly beautiful. 

-36. Ketumat also, O king, riding an 
elephant with a highly excellent and beauti- 
ful hook stood in the battle like the sun 
amidst the clouds. 

y. King Bhagadatta, blazing in his 
own effulgence, marched on an elephant like 
the weilder of thunder (Indra). 

38. The two princes of Avanti, named 
Vinda and Anuvinda who were considered 
as equal to Bhagadatta followed Ketumat 
on two elephants. 

39 — 40. O king, Vuhas (particular 
formation), consisting of many cars were 
arrayed by Drona and the royal son of 
^hantanu and Drona's son and Valhika and 
Kripa ; the elephants formed the bodies, the 
wng, the heads and the horses the 
kfings. With face towards all sides, that 

fearful Vuha seemed to smile. It appeared 
to be ready to leap forward. 

Thus ends the seventeenth chapfter, the 
description of the troops in the Bhagavatgiia 
of the Bhistna Parva. 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. O king^ a loud uproar was soon after 
heard. It was made by the combatants 
ready to fight. It made alll hearts tremble. 

2. With the sounds of conchs and 
drums, the roarings of elephants and the 
clatter of the car-wheels, the earth seemed 
to be rent into two. 

3. The sky and the earth were soot* 
filled with the neighing of horses and the 
shouts of the soldiers. 

4. O invincible hero, the troops of your 
sons and those of the Pandavas both trem* 
bled when they met each other. 

5. Elephants and cars decked with gold 
looked beautiful as clouds decked with 

6. O king, the standards of various forms 
belon|;ing to the warriors on your side,adorn- 
ed with golden rings, looked like blazing 

7. O descendant of Bharata, these 
standards on your side and those on their 
side resembled the banners of Indra in his 
celestial piansions. 

8. Those heroic warriors,all. clad in golden 
armours and endued with the effulgence of 
the blazing sun looked like the 6re or the 

9. O king, all the foremost warriors 
amonght the Kunis with excellent bows and 
arrows, with leathern fences in their hands 
and with sUtndards 

10. Those great bowmen with large .eves 
as those of the bulls all stood at the head of 
their respective troops. The following 
(heroes) of your side protected Bliisma fronv 

11. Namely Dushasana, Durvishate» 
Durmukha, Dussaha, Viomsati and Chitra-^ 
sena and that great car- warrior Vikarna« 

r2. Amongst them were Satyavrata» 
Purumitra, Jaya, Bhuresrava, and Sala. 
Twenty thousand car-waiTk>rs followed 


flHiSMA t^ARVA. 


. f^t^' TNe Av'ishahas, the Surasenas> 
iht Sivis, iht Vasaiis» the Sdyas, the Mat- 
sas, the AmvastaSi the Tris^arttas, the Keka- 
yas, the Sdnvirasi the Kitavas, and the 
people 0i the easterni western and the 
tiorthem oodntrtes,— these twelve brave 
race^ jeyert reckless of their iifei inarched with 
the firnt resolve to fight. 

15, These heroes protected the grand- 
father (Bhisma) with a grand arfay of cars i 
^th an army that consisted of ten thoilsand 
strong elephants* 

16—18. The Magadha king followed 
that large array of cars. Those that pro- 
Itscted the Cars and those that protected the 
efephantS) numbered six millions. The foot^ 
soldiers) who marched In advartce, armed 
with bowS| swords and shields^ numbered 
mahy hundred thousands. They fought 
^th their nails ;ind darts. O descendant of 
Bhai'ata, O great king, your son^s eleven 
Akshauhini of Soldiers looked like Qanga 
teparated from the jamuna. 

Thus indi thi eighteenth chapter ^ the 
dessert ptioH dt troops in the Bhagavatgita 
6f the Bhisnia fiarva* 






r. Having seen bur eleven Akshauhinis 
t>laced in battle-array^ how ilid Vudhisthira, 
the son of Fainiut make his counter-array 
with his troops which were smaller than 

tf. O Sanjaya, how did the son of RuntI 
form his counter array of troops against 
BhisrUa who knew all kinds of Vyahas, 
those of the celestials, the Oandharvas, the 
Asuras and the men. 

Baojaya said:— 

3. Seeing the troops of the Kurus placed 
in Dattte-array, the virtuous-minded son of 
Pandu, Dharmaraja Vudhisthira, thus spoke 
to Dhananjaya (Arjuna). 

4. "We know from the words of Vcihas- 
paii that few (troops) must be made to fight 
by forming them in a solid array, and many 
may be expanded according to pleasure. 

5. Whetl a few haVe to fight with many, 
the Vyuha shotdd be made the Needle- 
inouihed. Our troops in comparison to those 
of our enemies are but few. 

6. O son of Pandu, keeping always it\ 
mind this precept of the great Kishi, array 
our troops." Having heard this, that Pan- 
daVa thus spoke to Dharmaraja VudtiiS" 

j. O foremost of kings, that immove^l^ 
Vyuha called Vajra which Was designed 
by the wielder of thunderbolt (Inoi'a)^ 
— that impenetrable Vyuha I shall make to* 

i. He who is like a raging tembest, he 
Who' is irresistible in battle by any toct that 
foremost of heroes, Bhimai will fight at the 
head of our troops. 

9. That foremost of men who knows all 
the appliances of battle, becoming oUr leader, 
will stand in front of our army, and crush 
the prowess of the enemy's troops. 

10— II. That foremost of all warriors^ 
Bhima, will lead us, — seeing whom all the 
warriorsi headed by Dut-vodhana, will fly 
in terror as small animals fry at the sight of 
a lion* Our fears being all dispelled, we 
shall all seek his shelter as if he Were a wall/ 
as the celestials seek the shelter of Indra.'' 

12. There breathes none in the world who 
can cast his eye on that foremost of men^ 
Vrikodara of fearful deeds| when he is 

13. Having said this, the mighty-armed 
Dhananjaya (Arjuna), did as he said. 
Palguna (Arjuna), quickly placing his 
troops in battle-array, marched against the 

14. Seeing the Kurif amfy on the march, 
the ereat Panda va army appeared like 
the full, immoveable and rolling and surging 

15. Bhimasena, the greatly powerful 
Dhristadyumna, Nakula and Sahadeva and 
king Dhrishtaketu becorrle the several lead- 
ers of the (Pandava) force* ^ 

16. The king Virata, accompanied by his 
brothers and sons, and surrounded by one 
Akshauhini of soldiers, marched in the rear, 
and protected the army from behind. 

17. The greatly effulgent twin sons of 
Madri (Nakula and Sahadeva) became the 
protectors of Bhima's chariot. The sons 
of Draupadi and the son of Subhadra — ^all 
possessing great heroism — protected him 
from behmd. 

18. Behind him stood Shikhandin, who 
was protected by Arjuna. O best of the 
Bharata race, he advanced with the firm 
determination to kill Bhisma. 

19. Behind Arjuna stood tlie mighty 
Yuyudhana ; and tne two Panchala prinCes» 
Yudhamanyu add Uttamaunjas protected 
Arjuna's chariot, 



20—23. Along with the Kckaya broll>ers 
and Dhristaketu and the greatly courageous 
Cjiekitana. Bhitnasena, the wielder o! the 
mace made of the hardest metal, moving 
with fearful speed, can dry up even the sea. 
•• O king, (lo )k) the sons of Diiritarashira 
tvith their counsellors look on him". O 
King, pointing out Bhimasena, this was 
tvhat Vibhatsu(Ar)una) spoke. 

24. O descendant of Bharata, when 
I'artlia (Arjuna) was thus speaking, all the 
troops worsliiped him on the field of battle 
with congratulatory words. 

25. Then king Yudhislhira, surrounded 
by huge and various elephants each resem- 
bling a moving hill, took up his position in 
the centre of the army. 

26. The illustrious Yajnasena the greatly 
powerful Panchala king placed himself be- 
hind Virata (king) with one AkshatiJiini o{ 

27. O king, the standards of those kings' 
cars bore various devices. They were all 
adorned with excellent ornaments of gold. 
They were as effulgent as the moon or the 

28. Asking the kings to move onward, 
the great car- warrior Dhristadyumna.accom- 
panied by his brothers and sons, protected 
Yudhisthira from behind. 

29. Shadowing all the great standards 
of the cars on your side, a huge ape stood 
(as standard) on Arjuna's car. 

30. Many>iundreds and thousands of 
foot-soldiers, armed with swords, spears and 
scimitars, marched ahead protecting Bhima- 

31 — 32. Ten thousand elephants with 
juice trickling down their cheeks and mouth, 
each endued with great courage, each as 
huge as a hill, each blazing with golden 
caparisons, each emitting the fragrance of 
lotuses, followed the king like so many mov- 
ing mountains. 

33. The illustrious and invincible Bhima- 
sena, whirling his fearful mace looking like 
a parigha (weapon), seemed to crush your 
son's army. 

34. He was incap?ible of being looked 
at like the sun. He was scorching, as it 
were, the enemy's army. None of the war- 
riors could even look at him from a near 

35. This Vynha, called Vajra^ with its face 
turned to all sides, had, as it were, the bows 
(of the warriors) as its lightnings. This 
extremely fearful Vynha was protected by 
the wielder of Gaudiva (Arjuna). 

36. Thu3 placing their troops in this 
counter-array, the Pandavas waited for 

battle. Protected as it wAs by the Pan((s<* 
vas, that Vyuha became impeAetrable in the 

37. At the dawn of day when the armies 
were waiting for the sunrise, a wind began 
to blow with drops of water. Though there 
were no clouds, yet the roars of thunder 
were heard. 

38. Dry winds began to blow from all 
sides, carrying showers of sharp pointe<I 
stones and pebbles. A thk:k dust rose and 
covered the world with darkness. 

39. O best of the Bharata race, large 
meteors fell ; and striking against the rising 
sun, they fel( in fragments with loud noise. 

40 — 41. (> foremost of the Bharata race, 
when the armies thus stood in battle-array, 
the sun rose bereft of its splendour, and the 
earth trembled with loud sounds. The roars 
of thunder were again and again heard on 
an sides. 

42 — 45. So thick was the dust that rose 
that nothing could be seen. The high stan- 
dards (on the cars) adorned with strings of 
bells, decked with golden ornaments, gar- 
lands of flowers and ricih cloths and graced 
with banners, and looking like the sun in 
splendour, being suddenly shaken by the 
wind,gave out a loud jingling noise like that 
of a forest of palmyra trees.. Having thus 
placed their troops in battle-array against 
the army of your son, and sucking, as it 
were, the marrow of our warriors and rooking 
at BKimasena who stood at the head of the 
army with his mace in hand, it was thus that 
those foremost of men, the Pandavas, who 
ever take delight in battle, stood. 

Thus ends the 7tineteenth chapter ^ the 
array of the Pandava troops in the Bhaga^ 
vat^ita of the Bhisma Parva, 


Dhritarashtra said :— 

1. O Sanjaya, when the sun rose, of the 
two armies, one commanded by Bhisma 
and the other by Bhima, which first cheer- 
fully met the other, desirous as they were 
both to fight ? 

2. To which side were the sun, the 
moon and the wind adverse 7 Against whom 
did the beasts of prey utter inauspicious 
sounds ? Who were those young heroes 
whose countenances were ever cheerful T 

/rell me all this in detail. 



Sanjaya said:— 

3. O kinjjf, when placed in baltle-array. 
both the armies were equally cheerful. Both 
the armies looked equally beautiful. They 
looked like two blossoming woods, and they 
were full of elephants, cars and horses. 

4. O descendant of Bliarata, both the 
armies were huge and fearful. None of them 
could bear the other. Both of them were 
arrayed as if they would conquer the very 
heavens. Both of them consisted of ex- 
cellent soldiers. 

5. The armies of Dhritarashtra's party 
slood factnf(r the. west, the Panda vas 
stood facing- the east, — all ready for fight. 
The Kuru troops looked like the army of 
the DanavR chief, while the Pandava troops 
looked like the army of the celestials. 

6. T^ wind blew from behind the 
Pandavas. The beasts of prey yelled, from 
behind the troops of your sons. The 
olephant^, belonging to your son, could not 
bear the strong odour of the juice emitted 
by the large (Pandava) elephants. 

7. Duryodhana rode on a lotus-com- 
plexioned elephant with its ' temples rent, 
adorned with a golden Kakska and clad in 
steel armour. He was in the very centre 
o| tl>je Kilrus. He was being adored by 
eulogists and bards. 

S^ — 9* A white umbrella adorned with a 
golden chain, as effulgent as the moon, was 
held over his head. The ruler of Gandhara, | 
Sukani* followed him with innumerable 
mountaineers of Gandhara. The venerable 
Bhisma whs at the head of the army. 
With a white umbrella held over his head, 
with a wiMte head dress (on his hend) with 
a white bow and sword (in his hand), with 
a white banner (on his car) and with white 
horses (yoked to his car) he looked like a 
(great) white mountain. 

10. In the division that was tinder Bhlsma's 
direct command, were all the sons of Dhrita- 
rashtra, also Sala who was a countryman of 
the Valhikas, also all those Kshairiyas 
called Amvastas, also the heroic dwellers 
of the couutry of the five rivers. 

I!. The illustrious Drona, the preceptor 
of almost all the kings, with a bow in hand, 
and with never-failing heart, stationed on a 
g^olden car yoked with red horses, remained 
behind all the troops thus protecting them 
like Indra. 

12. In the midst of all the troops 
fought Vardhakshatri, Bhurisrfiva, Puru- 
mitra,Iaya, and tlie Salyas, the Matsy^s 
and all the Kekeyas with their elephant 

't3.'' Thii sOn of Saradwata, the warrior 
who ever fighu In the' front, (hat illustrious 

great bow-man called Gautama, learned 
in all the modes of warfare, took up his 
position in thenoriliern portion of the army 
with the Sakas, the Kiratas, i\\Q Yavanas 
and the Palavas. 

14. That large force which was well 
protected by tlie great car-warriors of the 
Vrishni and the Bhoja races and also by the 
warriors of Saurashira, — all well-armed and 
Well-skilled in the use of arms, — the force 
which was under the command of Krita- 
varmana marched to the south of your 

15. Ten thousand Sansaptaha car-war- 
riors who were created for either the death 
or the fame of Arjuna, who were all greatly 
accomplished in arms, who intended to follow 
Arjuna at every step, marched out with the 

16 — 17. O descendant of Rharata, in your 
army, there were one hundred thousand 
elephants of the greatest fighting powers. 
To each elephant was assigned one hundred 
car- varriors, to each car was assigned on» 
hundred horse men, to each horse man, ten 
bowmen, to each bow-man, ten soldiers 
armed with shield. Thus, O descendant o£ 
Bharata, were your troops placed by Bhisma 
in baltle-array. 

18. On every succeeding morning your 
generalissimo Bhisma, the son of Shantanu, 
sometimes placed your troops in the human, 
sometimes in the celestial, sometimes in the 
Gandharva and sometimes in the Asura 

19. With innumerable great car- 
warriors, roaring like the very ocean, the. 
army of Dhritarashtra's son, arrayed by 
Bhisma, stood ready for battle, facing the 

20. O king, your army looked terrible, 
but the Pandava army appeared to me very 
large and invincible, for Arjuna and 
Krishna were its leaders. 

Thus ends the twentieth chapter ^ the 
description of troops in the Bhagavc(tgita 
of the Bhisma Parva. 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. Seeingr the vast army of Dhritarashtra's 
son, thfe son of Kunti, king Yudhisthh-a, was 
filled with grief. 

2. Having seen the impenetrable Vyuha 
formed by JShisnia and having concluded it 



to be really impenetrable, the king became 
pale and he thus spoke to Arjuna. 

3. ** O mighty-armed hero, O Dhanan- 
jaya, how shall we be able to fight with 
the Dhritarashtra's son's army when the 
grandfather himself commands it. 

4. Immovable and impenetrable is this 
Vyuha, formed according to the rules of the 
Shastras, by that chastiser of foes, Bhisma, 
of unfading glory. 

5. O chastiser of foes, we are doubtful of 
success. How can victory be ours in the 
face of this (Kuru) army f" 

6. O kinc^, that chastiser of foes, Arjuna, 
thus spoke o? your army to the son of Pritha, 
Yudhisthira, who was in great grief. 

7. "O king, hear how a few men, endued 
with every quality can defeat a large army. 

8. O king, you are without malice, I 
shall therefore tell you of the means. The 
Rishi Narada as well as Bhisma and Drona 
l^now it. 

9. In the days of yore, at the battle 
between the celestials and the Danavas, the 
Grandfather himself said (the following) to 
Indra and the other celestials. 

10. ' They that are desirous of victory 
do not so much conquer by might and 
prowess as by truth, compassion, piety and 

11. Therefore knowing the difference 
between piety and impiety .ind understand- 
ing what is meant by covetousness and 
having recourse to only exertion, fight with- 
out any arrogance; for victory is certain to 
be there, where righteousness i^. 

12. O king, for this reason, know that 
victory is certain to us in this battle. 
Narada said, ' Victory is certainly there 
where Krishna is.' 

13. Victory is inherent to Krishna; it 
follows Madhava (Krishna) ; victory is one 
ot his attributes, so is humility. 

14. Govinda (Krishna) possesses might 
which is infinite. Even in the midst of 
countless foes, he is without and beyond all 
pains. He is the most eternal Purusha, 
Victory is certainly therq where. Krishna 


15— 16. In the days of yore, undes- 
tructible and invincible Hari appeared and 
thus spoke loudly to the celestials and 
the Asuras, *Who amongst you would be 
victorious ?' The conquered (thp celestials) 
s^id, * With Krishna in front we. shall win 
victory.' It was through the^r^ce of Hari 
that the celestials headed by Indra obtained 

(the sovereignty) qI the three worlds. 

I 17. Therefore I do not find any cause 
for sorrow. You have the lord of the uni- 
verse and the lord of the celestials to wisli 
victory to you." 

Thus ends the twenty -first chapter, the 
colloquy between Arjuna and YuahisthirOf 
in the BhagavcUg Gita of the Bhisma 


Sanjaya said :^ 

1. O best of the Bharata race, then 
king Yudhisthira, after placing his troops 
dul^ in battle-array against the army o£ 
Bhisma, thus spoke, 

2. " The Pandavas have now placed 
their troops in counter-array in the way 
laid down m the Shastras, O sinless ones, 
fight with fairness with the desire of pbtain- 
ing the highest heaven." 

3. In the centre stood Shikandin and 
his men protected by Arjuna. ^ Dhrista- 
dyumna was in the front protected by 

4. O king, the southern divisk>n of the 
army was protected by that great bowman, 
the handsome Yuyudhana, that foremost oC 
the Satwata heroes, who was equal to Indra 

5. Yudhisthira was on a car which was 
worthy of carr3'ing Indra himself. It was 
adorned with an excellent standard decked 
with gold and gems. It was furnished with 
golden traces. He stood in the midst of his 
elephant corps. 

6. His milk-white umbrella, with ivory 
handle, held over hi ^ head, looked exceed- 
ingly beautiful. Many great Rish is walked 
round the king uttering the words of praise. 

7. Many priests, Brahmanas, Rish is, 
Siddhas, as they walked round him, chanted 
hymns in his praise. They wished him the 
destruction of his enemies by the help of 
Japas and mantras, efficacious drugs and 
various propitiatory ceremonies. 

8. The illustrious Kuru chief then gave 
awav to the Bramhanas kine, fruits, flowers« 

fol(^n coins and cloths. He marched like 
ndra, the chief of the celestials. 

9. Arjuna's car, furnished witl^, hundreds 
of bells, decked wjth gold, fitted with excel- 
lent wheels, endued with the effulgen<;e of 
fire and yoked with best stee4S| Icfpfbed s^ 
brilliant as 09c thou^aijul. st|n|9p 



10, Oo this (grand) car. wbic*» wap 
driven t>y K«sha«a (Krishna) stood the 
ape-bannered hero with Gandiva (bow) and 
arrows, in his hand,-?a great bow man 
^hos^ equal therp is pone on earth or none 
will be. 

II — 13. He who assume the most terrible 
fi^pearanpe fpr crushing your sons, he who 
without any weapon but only with his bare 
arms pounds to dust men, horses and 
elephants,— that mi^htyrarmed Bhimasena, 
that Vrikodara, accompanied by the twms 
(Nakula and gahadeva) protected the 
(Pandava) car-warriors. Seeing* the invin- 
cible Vrikodara like a fearful lion of sportive 
gait, like a proud leader of a herd of 
elephants, like the great Indra himself, your 
soldiers, with their strength weakened by 
fear, began to tremble likje elepliants sunk in 

14. O best of the Bharata race, then 
Janardana (Krishna) thus spoke to thai: 
invincible hero Gudakiesha standing m the 
^rudsl^ of his troops. 

15. "He who scorches us with his wrath, 
he who stays in the midst of his forces, he 
whA will attack our troops like a lion,he who 
has performed three hundred Askvtamedha 
sacridces, that banner of the Kuru race, 
t,hat BhismsC, is yonder. 

16- Innumerable troops cover him on all 
sides as the clouds cover the bright lu- 
minary, the sun. O best of men, killing 
the troops, fight with that foremost chief of 
^ Bharata race. 

Thus ends the twenty-second chapter, the 
colloquy between Krishna and Arjuna in 
the Bhagavat^ta of the Bhisma Parva. 


Qfuidaya said :— 

1. Having seen the aifmy of Dhritarash* 
tra's son approach with the desire to fight, 
Krishna spoke these words to Arjuna for 
l^is benefit. 

Tke Deity taid:-T 

2. "O mighty-armed hero, purifying 
yourself, utter, on the eve of t>attle, the 
nymn to Durga, so that you may defeat the 

Sugaya said:— 

3* Being thus addressed by the greatly 
wiic Yaiudcvdi the svn of Pritbai Arjuna 

alighted from his car a«Hi chaunjted 4he 
following hymn with joined hands. 

Aijuna said :— 

4. O lord of the Yogins, O dweller of the 
Mandara forest, O identified Deity with 
Bramha, I bow to you, O Goddess free 
from decrepitude and decay, O Kali, O 
wife of Kapala, O Deity of black and 
brown colour, 

5. I bow to you. O giver of faienefits to 
your devotees, O Mahakali, I bow to 3ro». 
O wife of the universal destroyer, I bow to 
you. O proud one, O rescuer from dangers^ 

possessor of every auspicious atltributet 

1 bow to you. 

6. O goddess who has sprung from the 
Kaiar ace, O worshiped of ajl, O fearful 
one, O giver of victory, O victory it&elf , O 
bearer of the banner of peacocks' plumes, O 
wearer of ornaments, 

7. O wielder of fearful spear, O holder 
of sword and shield, O the younger sister of 
the cowherd chief, O eldest one, O goddess 
born in the race of Nanda gopa, 

8. O lover of buffalo's blood, O deity 
born in the race of Kusika, O wearer of 
yellow robes, O devourer of Asuras, O lover 
of battle, I bow to you. 

9 — 10. O Uma, O Sakamvari, O white- 
coloured deitVi O black -coloured goddess, O 
destroyer of Kaitava Asura, O yellow-eyed 
one, O various eyed one, O^smolce- coloured 
eyed one, I bow to you. You are the Vedas^ 
you are the Srutis,you are the highest virtue^ 
You are propitious to Brahmanas who ' are 
engaged in sacrifices, you possesa\ the 
' knowledge of the past, you are ever present' 
in the sacred abodes erected in your honour 
in the Jamvudwipa. 

11. You are the science of Brahma 
among sciences, jtou are that sleep of crea- 
tures, which has no wakine, O mother of' 
Skanda, O possessor of the. six attributes, 
b Durga, O dweller of inaccessit^e regionsv 

12. You are described as swaha,^is sadha, 
as Kala, as kashta, as Saraswati, as Savitri, 
the mother of the vedas and as the science, 
of the Vedanta. 

13. O ereat goddess, with my inner souV 
purified, T adore you. Let, throuj^h \nur 
gracOf victory always attend nie in the fi«:id 
of battle. 

14. You always Iive< in inaccessible re- 
gions where there is fear; in* places of* 
diflicultyr in the abodes of your worshippers 
and in the nether region. Voa always van** 
g^ish the Asuras. 

. 15. You are consdoianeas^you.are sleep^l 
yo^ltfc iUusioOi youaoe modestyi you ano 



benuty. You are the twilights, you are the 
day, you are Savitri, you are the mother. 

i6. You are contentment, you are growth, 
you are light, you support the stm and the 
moon, you make them shine. You are the 
prosperrty of those that :\re prosperous. The 
Stdhas and the Ch'aranas see you in the 

Sanjaya said :— 

17. Knowing Partha's (Arjuna's) great 
devotion, Durga, who is always graciously 
inclined towards mankind, appeared in the 
sky. In the presence of Govinda (Krishna) 
^he thus spoke to Arjuna. 

The goddess said :— 

i8. '*0 son of Pandu, you will vanquish 
your enemy in no'time. O invincible one, 
you have Narayana himself to help you. 

19. You are inc apable of being defeated 
by any foe, noi even by the wielder of 
hund^r-bok (Indra). 

Sanjaya said:— 

Having said this, that: boon^givlng god- 
dess disappeared. 

20. The son of Kunti, (Arjuna), con- 
sidered himself blessed by obtarningf that 
boon. Pariha then mounted his excellent 

2i. Then Krishna and Arjuna, both 
seated in one car, blew their celesli.-*! conchs. 
The man, who chants this hymn in the 

22 — 2^. Has nothing to fear from the 
Vakshas, the Rakshasas and Pishachas, He 
will have no enemies. He will have no fear 
from snakes and all animals that have 
poisonous stings and teeth, and also from 
kings. He is certain to win victory in all 
disputes. If bound, he will be freed from the 

. 24. He is certain to get over all diffi- 
.CMlties, he is certain to be* freed from thieves. 
He will ever win victory, and the goddess of 

25. He will live with health and strength 
for one hundred years. I have known all 
this through the grace of the greatly wise 

. 26. Your wicked sons, however, having 
been entfmgled in the meshes of death do 
not. ox^t, of ignorance, know them to be Nara 
and Narayana. 

27—^28. Entangled in the net of death, 
Ihey do not know that the laiit hour of their 
kingdom has come. Dwalpayana (Vyasa) 
Narada, Kanwa, the sinless Rama had 
disfiuaUed your son* iB^at he did not atoefU 

their words. Where there is piety there are 
glory and beauty. Where there is mo- 
desty there are mtelligence and prosper- 
ity. Where there is righteousness, there is 
Krishna, and where there is Krishna, there 
is victory. 

Thus ends the twenty 'third chapter, the 
hymn to Durga in the Bhagavat Gita of the 
Bhisma Parva. 



Dhritarashtra said :— 

1. O Sanjaya, the warriors of which 
»ide first advanced to the fight 7 Whose 
hearts were filled with confidence and who 
were spiritless from n)«lancho4y ? 

2. In that great battle that makes every 
one's heart tremble, who were thefy who 
struck the first blow ; were they my men or 
dkl they l>elong to the Pandavas ? O San- 
jaya, tell me all this in detail. 

3. Among whose troops did the garlands 
of flowers and unguents emit fragrant 
scents ? Whose troops with fearful roars 
uttered merciful words 7 

Sanjaya said :— 

4 — 5. The warriors of both the armies 
were cheerful in the beginning. The gar- 
lands of flowers and unguents emitted 
equal fragrance. O best of the BharaU 
race, fearful was the encounter that took 
place between the troops arrayed for battle. 

6. The loud sounds of musical instru- 
ments, mingled with that of the conchs 
and drums.and the shouts of brave warriors, 
that rose fearfully roaring at one another, 
were awful. 

7. O best of the Bharata race, dreadful 
was the battle fought by the troops of both 
parties all staring at one another and all' 
filled with joy. The elephants uttered 
terrible roars. 

Thus ends the twenty 'fourth chapter, 
the colloquy between Dhritarashtra and 
Sanjaya in the Bhagavat GitQ of ih$, 
Bhisrn(i Parva% 






patimK parva; 



Dhritarashtra sidd :-- 

1. What did my sons and the Panda vas 
do, O Sanjaya, when desirous of battle they 
all assembled on the holy field of Kuku- 
Ictlurlra ? 

Sanjaya said :— 

2. Seeing the Pandava army in battle- 
array, Daryodhayana came to the Pre- 
ceptor and said : — 

3. " Behold, O Preceptor, the grand 
army of the Panda vas, drawn up in battle* 
array by your intelligent pupil the son of 

4. There are in it mighty bowmen, equals 
of Bhiina and Arjuna in battle. Tliere are 
Yujudhana, Virata and the great car- 
warrior Drupada. 

5. There are Dhrlstaketu, Chekiun and 
valiant king of Kashi , Purujit, Kunti-Bhoja 
and that king •£ men, Sabhbya. 

6. There are mighty Yudhamanyu, heroic 
Uttamatiias, Subhadra's son and sons of 
Draupadi, all great car*warriors. 

7. O best of Brahmanas, learn, I shall 
teM you also for your information who are 
the most distinguished amongst us, and who 
are the leaders of my army. 

8. Yourself, and Bhisroa, and Kama, 
and ever- victorious Kripa ; Ashwathama, 
Vikama and the son of Shaumads^tta. 

9. There are (besides these) many war- 
riors, all wen<tski]led tn the drt of war and. 
(aD) armed with various weapons, ready to 
die for me. 

10. Our army protected by Bhisma is 
unlimited (more than sufficient) ; theii' army 
protected by Bhnna is limited, (may be 

'II. Therefore all of you, place yourselves 
at the head of your respective phalanx, and 
protect (and support) Bhisma only." 

12. Then the oldest of the Kurus, the 
mighty ^randsire B)usma» roaring like a 
lion, blew his conch, thus aflfording him 
(Duryodhana) great delight. 

I?. And then conchs, drums, trumpets 
and cymbals were all at once sounded, and 
there rose a great uproar (from all sides). 

14. Then Madhaba (Srikrishna) and the 
son of Pandu (Arjuna) seated in a great 
car yoked with white steeds, blew their 
celestial conchs. 

15. Hrishik^ha MeW the Panchajanya, 
Dhananjaya Debdatta, and the doer of fear- 
ful deeds, Bhima his great conch Paundra, 

16. The son of Kunti, king Yudhisthira^ 
Ananta Bejaya^ and Nakul and Shahadeva 
Sughosha and Manx Pnshpaka respectively. 

1 7. The great bowman the king of Kaslii, 
the mighty car- warrior Shikhandin, Dris- 
tadyumna, Virata, and ever-victorious 

18. Drupada, and the sons of Draupadi, 
and the mighty armed son of Subhadra, O 
king of all the world, each blew his conch 

19. Echoing heaven ?ind earth, the 
tumultous din rent the hearts of Dlirita- 
rashtra's people. 

20. O king of the world, the ape» 
standard son of Pandu seeing Dhrita- 
rashtra's people marshalled in battle bent, 
and missiles having been just began to be 
discharged, raised up his bow, arid spoke 
thus to Hrishikesh : — 

21. "O undeteriorati ng one, place my 
car between the two armies, 

22. While I see those who stand here 
desirous of battle, and with whom I shall 
have to fight in this war-struggle. 

23. I shall see those who have assembled 
here to fight, wishing to do good to the 
evil-iuinded son of Dhritaiashtra." 

Sanjaiya said:— 

- 24. O Bharata, thus addressed by Guda- 
kesh (Arjuna), Hrishikesh, placing the ex- 
cellent cak* between the two armies, 

^5, In frpnt of Bhisma, Drona and all 
the kings of the eaith^ said, " Beholdi 
Fartha, the assembled Kauravas." » 

26. Partha saw in the two armies; 
fathers, grand-fathers, preceptors, maternal 
uncles, brothers, sons, grandsons, friends, 
fathers-in-law, and well-wishers. 

27. Seding in the two armies sill friends 
and kinsmen (present), the son of Kunti 
was overcome with pity, and with great 
despondency said : — 

28. " Seeing, O Hrishikesh, these kins-, 
men present here with the desire to do battle 
my limbs are languid, my mouth is dried , 

29. My body treml>1es, my hairs stand 
on end, my Gandiva (bow) slips from my \ 
hand and my skin burns. 

30. lam unable to stand, my mind is 
whirling and I see, O Keshubr evil omens. . 

31. I don't see any good by killing 
kinsmen in this battle. 1 desire, O Krishna, ' 



neiihcr vick)ry nor soverdgniy, nor 

32. Wliat is Sttvcrcfeflty, what is enfoy- 
raent, what is evett ti^ to us, O Govinda, 
when those, for whose sake we wish to hav« 
sovereignty, enjoyments and pleasures (in 
this world), 

33» Are all present here in this batdei 
giving up all hopes Of life and wealth ! 
Preceptors, fathers, grand-fathers and 

34. Maternal uncles, fathers-in-law* 

frandsons, brothers- in -Faw and relatives,— ^ 
do not desire to kilT tliem, O Madhusudanai 
even if they kill me; 

55. Not even for the sake of the 
sovereignity over the three worlds, much 
less for that of this earth ! What pleasure 
will be ours, O Janardana, by killing 
Dhritarashtra's sons \ 

36. Even killing these felons, we shall 
incur sin. Therefore, it is not proper that 
we shall kill our own kinsmen, these sons 
of Dhritarashtra. How can we, O Madhava, 
be happy by killing our own relatives 7 

37. If they, blinded' by avarice, cannot 
seethe bin^ tihey commit by exterminating 
the (Kbi«) racei and playing* enmity with 

38« Why should we noti O Janardana, 
who know that'sin is the result of exter- 
minating the race; learn to desist from it? 

39. On the extinction of a family, the 
old and ever continuing family -rites are 
destroyed, (no body being alive to solem- 
nise them). When religious rites are thus 
destroyed, sii^ predominates over alL 

40i Frt)m the pedominance of sin, O 
ICrishna, women become corrupt, and then 
O descendant of Vrishnt, cross -breeds' 
(«iiiiced^cast£B) sa^\ born. 

4,t. Such cross-breeding leads both the 
exterminator of the race and the race itseU 
to hell. The (deceased) ancestors whose 
5rii(^AiT ' ceremonies have ceased, (to whom 
children have stopped to give food and 
wate«), f^ll (from heaven to hell). 

42, Both the caste and family-rites of 
the extermmators of the race, (who are) 
guil^ of the sin of cross-breeding, are 

43^^. We -have heard, O Janardarta, that 
tho^ ^hose fam Uy-rites are thus destroyed, 
live for ever in hell. 

44w. Alas, we are engaged' in committing 
a gneat sin ! W-e are'to kill our own kins- 
men: for the greed of the pleastres^ of 
sonrevein^ty t 

45- Bettttr W^|<f H t>^ II ttn^etaliatiH^ 
and unarmed myself, the armed sons of 
Dhriurashtra kill in batUe 1 " 

Sanjaya said:-* 

46. Haying thus spok«n' off (he flefd dt 
battle, Arjuna* with a sorrowful heart, sat 
dowit on (he car, casting aside his bow and 

Thus ends the iweniy-fifth chapUft 
Arjnnafs dejeciiqh df fntnd in ihi 
Bhagavatgita 6f ike Bhitffia Parvd 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. To him, whose' heUit m^9 overcoriie 
with pity, whose eyes* were full of t(&ar^, who' 
was dejected and desponding, the shiyer of 
Madhu (Krishna) spoke thus:<^ 

2. "Whence, O Arjuna, has come upOrt' 
you in this great crisis such dehision, — a* 
delusion unworthy of the Aryans, irreligious 
(undeserving of heaven) and breeder of* 
infamy ? 

3. Be not effeminate, Partha. It doe9> 
not suit' you. Arise, O terror of foes, shake 
off this mean weakness of heart.'' 

Aijuna said :— 

4. "O slayer of enemies, O slayer of 
Madhu, how shall I attack in this battle 
with arrows Bhisma and Drona, deserving!-' 
of my worship ? 

5. It is better for one to live on alms" 
than to kill (such) preceptors' of great glory.' 
By killing preceptors, even if they are 
eager for worldly gainsy it would be en* 
joying blood-stained pleasures. 

6. We do not know which of the twa' 
is better for us, — to vanquish or to be 
vanquished 7 Even those, whom having, 
killed we do nbt desire to live, those 
sOns of Dhritarashtra, stand before us ! 

7. I am afraid of the sin of race extermi- 
nation. I am confounded about my duty* I 
ask you, — tell me what is assuredly good for 
me. I am your disciple, instruct me ; I am 
at your disposal. 

8. Even if I get the undisputed sove- 
reignty over the most prosperous kingdom of 
the world, or that over the cdestiab, I do 



tint see thnt which can remove my grief most 
pHiiifut vkilling) to my senses !** 

Saigaya said :-- 

9. Having spoken thus to Hrishikesh, O 
terror of (aes, Cfudakesh said to Goviiida, "I 
shall not fight*'; and remained silent. 

10. To him, who was overcome with des- 
pondency in the midst of the two armies, 
Hrisliikesha thus spoke smiling. 

The great one said :— 

11. "You grieve for those that deserve 
^o grief; and (at the same time) you utter 
words of wisdom, f But) men of knowledge 
do not grieve for the living or for the dead, 

12. Neither I, nor you, nor these kings 
were ever non-existent ; (and again) none of 
us will hereafter cease to exist. 

13. As childhood, youth and old age are 
(changes) in the bodv of man, so death is 
but a chanffe of this body to anotlier. A 
man of knowledge b not deluded by it. 

14. The contacts of senses (with extern. J 
objects), O son of Kunti, which produce 
cold, heat, pleasure and pain, are not par* 
manentp having beginning and end. There- 
lore, O Bharata, bear them. 

15. Tlie man, who is learned in true 
knowledge, whom they (contact of senses) 
afflict not, and to whom pain and pleasure 
are alike, merits Moksha (final emancipa- 

16. There is no existence of that which-is 
Ashai (unreal), and there is no non-existence 
of that wliich is Sat (real). The truly learn- 
ed men perceive the correct conclusion of 
the both. 

17. Know, that which pervades all this 
(universe) is indestructible. None can des- 
troy that imperishable (principle). 

18. The (material) body (only) of the 
everlAStinif, indestructible, infinite and em- 
bodied Self is said to be perishable. There- 
fore, O Bharata, engage in battle. 

'ip. He. who thinks that It (the great 
Self in man) is the killer and he who thinks 
that It is killed, both know nothing. It nei- 
ther kiUs, nor is killed. 

30. It is never born, It never dies ; hav- 
ing existed. It does not exist no more. Un- 
born, everlasting, unchangeable, ansient, It 
is not killed. Its l^dy being killed.* 

$1, How and whom can that man, O 
Partha, who knows It (self) to be unborn, 
indes*.ructiblt, everlasting and imperishable, 
l|iU or cause t# be killed 7 

33. As a man, casting off worn-out 
, (k>|hes, puts on other new ones, so embodied 

Self, casting off old bodies, enters into 
other new ones. 

23. Weapon does not cut It ; fire does 
not bum It ; water does not moist It, and 
wind does not dry It. 

24. It is said that It is not to be cut, not 
to be burnt, not to be moistened and not to 
be dried up. It is everlasting, all-pervad- 
ing, stable, firm, eternal, ever-continuing, 
not perceivable, inconceivable and unchangf^ 

25. Therefore knowing It (the great Soul 
in man) to be such, you ought not to grieve. 

26. (And again> if you think, O mighty 
armed, that It (SelQ constantly takes birth 
and constantly diesi even then you ought 
not thus to grieve. 

27. For, death Is certain to one who is 
born ; and birth is certain to one who is 
dead. Therefore, for such unavoidable 
things, you ought not to grieve. 

28. In the beginning, O Bharata, all 
beings are unmanitest ; in the middle they 
are manifest, and after destruction, they are 
unmanifest again. What lamentation could 
there be then for it 7 

29. One sees it as a wonder, another 
speaks of it as a wonder ; others again hear 
of it as a wonder ; but even hearing of it, no 
one understands it* 

30. This indestructible embodied Self, O 
Bharata, is in the bodies of everyone ;there<* 
fore, you ought not to grieve for (the death 
of) all beings. 

31. (And again) looking to your own 
duty pertaininfi^ to your caste, you ought not 
to waver ; for there is nothing better fot a 
Kshatrya than a righteous battle. 

32. Happy are those Kshatrya who ob« 
tain such battle to fight, — a battle coming 
of itself and being the open gate to heaven. 

33. If you will not fight this righteous 
battle, you will incur sin ior abandoning 
your own duty and fame ; 

34. And all men will proclaim your ever* 
lasting infamy. To him, who is honoured, 
infamy is a greater (calamity) than death. 

35. And all ^eat car-warriors will think 
that you abstain from the J[>attle through 
fear. You will be lightly thought of by 
those who honoured you before. 

36. Decrying your power, yniir enemies 
will say things unutterable. What can be 
more painful than this I 

37. If killed, you will attain to heaven ; 
and if victorious, you will enjoy the whole 
world. Therefore, being resolved to fight^ 
arise, O son of Kunti, 



38. Considering pleasure and pain, 
f^ain and loss, victory and defeat, all the 
same, be ready for fight ; and tlien, you will 
incur no sin. 

39. The knowledge now imparted to you 
IS relating to Sankhya (the mvstery of 
knowing Self). Now listen to Yogaf (the 

•mystery of Kving in Self), which, if well- 
possessed, O Partha, cuts off Karma 
bandhana (the law of re-births, resulting 

^rom the effects of actions). 

40. In this (Yoga) even the first attempt 
is not fruitless ; there are no obstacles in 
It. Even a little of this delivers one from 
the great danger (of worldly births). 

41. In thi«, O son of Kuru, there is 
fnind's but one state, consisting of firm 
devotion j whereas undevotional men's 
•ninds are many-branched and attached 
to endless pursuits. 

42—43. Those that are not learned, 
those that delight in the Vedas, those 
that say that there is nothing else, 
those that are fond of worldly pleasures, 
those that regard heaven as the highest 
object for acquisition, say flowery words on 
the birth resulting from the fruits of actions, 
and on multifarious rites that promise to 
give wealth and enjoyments. 

44. Devotional feelings never arise in 
those, whose minds have been stolen by the 
words of the lovers of enjoyment and 

45. The Vedas, O Arjuna, relate of the 
three qualities. Be free from them, — by 
being unaffected by the pairs of opposites 
£, e., (heat and cold ; pain and pleasure) ; 
by preserving courage ; by being free from 
anxiety for new acquisitions ; or from 
anxiety for the protection of old ones; 
and by being self-possessed. 

46. The (water of the) small tank serves 
the same purposes as (that of) the great 
lake. Like the above, the Bramhana, learn- 
ed in devotion, serves the same purposes as 
those of all the Vedas. 

47. Your concern is only with actions, 

never with their fruits. Let not the fruits 

of actk>ns be your motive. (At the same 

time) let not your inclination be towards 


48. Casting off all attachments, con- 
sidering success and non-succtss the same, 
O Dhananjaya, perform actions. Such 
equanimity is called Vo^a, 

49. Religious rites, O Dhananjaya, is 
far inferior to devotion; therefore take 
shelter in devotion. The men who look to 
the fruits of their actions are pitiable* 

50. Devotional men do not sec the 
difference between good and bad works in 
this world. Therefore apply yourself to de* 
votion. Cleverness in action is devotion. 

51. The wise, po«isessed of devotion, 
giving up the fruits of action and being 
freed from shackles of births, repair to the 
place where there is no un happiness. 

52. When your understanding (mind) 
has gone beyond all delusion, then will you 
attain to the indifference to all that you have 
heard or will hear. 

53. When your mind, confounded by 
(ail) that you have heard, will stand firm in 
contemplatk>n, then will you acquire dt' 

Arjuna said :— 

54. "What are the characteristics, O 
Keshava, of one whose mind is steady, and 
whose understanding is devotional ? How 
does the man of steady-mind speak, how 
does he sit, how does he move ?" 

The great One said :— 

55. •* When a man, O Partha, abandons 
all his mental desires, and becomes pleased 
in his self by his own *self, is called one of 
Steady- Mind. 

56. Who is not moved in misery, who 
has no cravings for pleasure, and who is 
freed from attachment, anger and fear, is 
called the Sage of Steady- Mind. 

57. His mind is steady who has no 
attachment for any thing ; and who neither 
feels exultation, nor aversion on receiving 
either the good or the bad. 

58. His mind is steady who withdraws 
all his senses from all the (worldly) objects 
of senses, as a tortoise withdraws his 

59. The objects of senses draw back 
from an abstinent person, but not so his 
passions. But the passions fly from him 
who has seen the Supreme. 

60. The madly boisterous senses, O son 
of Kunti, steal by force the mind of even 
that wise man who is striving (for emanci- 

61. The man of Yoga solely depends 
upon Me, keeping all his senses under con- 
trol. His mind is steady who has controlled 
his seme^. 

62. Pondering over worldly matters 
breeds attachment for them ; from this at- 
tachment desire is produce; from desire 
anger ts begot. 

63. From anger is produced the want of 
indiscrimination ; from want o£ indiscrimi- 

> nation, confusion of .memory ; from the con- 



fu«on of memory, loss of reason ; and from 
loss of reason, final destruction (ruin). 

64. The self'controtled man, who moves 
among the objects of senses, having his 
senses under his control, and being free from 
affection or aversion, attains to peace. 

65. Peace being attained, all his miseries 
are destroyed. He, wliose mind has 
attained to peace, soon becomes steady. 

66. Undevotional man has no under- 
standing, he has no contemplation, he 
has no peace. And where is happiness for 
him who has no peace 7 

6j, The understanding of that man is 
destroyed whose mind follows the roving 
senses, as the wind destroys a boat in a 

68. Therefore, O mighty armed, his mind 
b steady whose senses are brought under 
control from all objects of senses. 

69. When it b night for all beings, the 
self -con trolled man is wide awake ; when all 
men are awake, then such sages would see 

70. He, in whom all objects of senses en- 
ter, — like the ocean in which various waters 
enter, but do not make any increase or de- 
crease, — attains to peace, but not he who 
desire to have objects of senses. 

71. The man, who moves about casting 
off all desires, and being freed from attach- 
ments, cravings for things, and egoism 
(pride), attains to peace. 

72. This is, O Partha, living in Self 
(God.) After attaining it, no delusion ex- 
ists; and remaining in this state at the time 
of one's death, one attains to Brahma Nir* 




Aijnna said:^ 

1. "If knowledge, O Janardana, O Kc- 
shava, is considered by you superior to action 
why then do you prompt me to this fearful 
actk>n 7 

2. You confound my mind by equivocal 
words, (praising action once and praising 
knowledge next). . Tell me definitely what is 
^ood for me.*' 

The great one said:— 

3. "I have told you, O sinless one, there 
are two paths in this world, that of the San^ 
khyas by Jnana-yoga (knowledge) and that 
of Yog4€i by Karma-yoga (action)^ 

4. Man does^-not ieittain freedom front 
action by not per'forming action. 3y afce-^ 
ticism also, he does not attain to final 

5- None ever remains for a moment with* 
out performing some action. All perforn» 
actions impelled by the quah'ties (laws) ol 

6. The deluded man, who, controlling ht» 
organs of actions, ponders in his mtnd over 
the objects of senses, is a h) pocrite. 

7. But he, who restraining his senses by 
his mind, performs Karma -yoga by the or- 
gans of actions, is superior (to all). 

8. Therefore, always perform action, for 
action is better than inaction; and your body 
cannot be supported (kept alive) without 
performing action* 

9. The world is bound in (by the laws) of 
action, except the aciion of Sacrifice. There- 
fore, O son of Kunti, being free from attach »» 
ment, perform actions. 

10. In olden times^ Creator, having crea€-^ 
ed men with Sacrifice, said : — "Multiply by 
this. May it be the giver of all that you de- 

11. Please the celestials by this (Sacri^- 
fice) ; may the celestials please yov. Thu» 
pleasing each other you will attain to the 
highest good." 

12. Being pleased by the Sacrifice^ the 
celestials will give you your desired enjoy- 
ments. Therefore, he who enjoys himseli 
without giving to the givers (celestials) is a 

13. The good men, who cat the leavings 
of the SacritKie, are freed from all sins, but 
the bad men, who cook food for themselves^ 
incur sin. 

14. Creatures are the out-come of food. 
Food is produced by rain. The rain is pro- 
duced by Sacrifice. The Sacrifice is produ- 
ced by action. 

15. Action is produced from Brahma ; 
Brahma is produced from the Imperishable. 
Therefore, all-pervading Brahma is always 
in the Sacrifice. 

16. The sensual sinful man, who does not 
conform, O Partha, to this Revolving 
Wheel, lives in vain. 

17. But the man, who is attached to his 
own Self, who is pleased with his own Self, 
and who is contented with his own Self, has 
no actions to perform. 

18. He has no concern in actions dot\e 
or not done in this world. Nor has he any 
dependence on any being. 

19. Therefore, being freed from all 
attachments, perform actions. For; the 



man who performs actions without attach- 
ment, attains to the Supreme. 

20. By performing actions alone, Jan^ka 
and others attained to final emancipation 
(Sidhwi). (And again) having regard to 
keeping the people to their rites, you ought 
to perform actions. 

21. Whatever a great man does, so do 
the mass. What great men consider autho- 
rities, the mass follow. 

22. There is, O Partha, nothing to do for 
Me in the three worlds. I have nothing to 
acquire which has not been (already) 
acquired ; still I do perform actions. 

23. If, O Partha, out of idleness I do not 
engage in actions, all men would follow my 

24. If I do not perform actions, all the 
worlds will be destroyed. 1 shall be the 
cause of cross -breedings, and i should be 
the ruining of the people. 

25. Ignorant men act with attachment 
to actions ; but the learned act without 
attachment to actions. Desiring to stick 
men to their duties, 

26. A wise man should not confuse the 
mind of the ignorant who are attached to 
actions. He should make them take to 
actions, by himself acting without atuch- 

27. Every thing in every way is done by 
the qualities (laws) of Nature (alone). He 
whose mind is deluded by egoism considers 
himself the doer of actions. 

28. But, O mighty-armed, the wise men, 
who know the difference (of Self) from 
qualities (laws of Nature) and from actions, 
feels no egoism, knowing that qualities deal 
with qualities. 

29. The man of perfect knowledge 
should not shake the belief of the men of 
imperfect knowledge, who, being deluded by 
the qualities of Nature, form attachments to 
the actions done by the qualities (laws) of 
. Nature. 

30. Therefore, dedicating all action? to 
Mo, and knowing the Mystery of Self, 
engage in battle without desires, without 
any feelings (for any body) and without any 
mental trouble. 

31. Those men who without cavil always 
follow my this opinion, being full of faith, 
are released from Karmabamdkanam, 

32. Know, those men, that carp at my 
opinion and do not follow it, are ctevoid of 
conscience and bereft of all knowledge and 

33. Even a man of knowledge acts accbrd- 
ingtQ his own nature. All beings follow 

Nature. What then restraints (of the 
organs of action) will avail ? 

34. All senses have each their likes and 
dislikes for respective fixed, objects. But no 
one should be under their control, for they 
are one's (great) opponents, (hinderaiices to 
final emancipation). 

35. One's own Dharma^ even if imper- 
fectly performed, is superior to the perfectly 
performed Dharma of others. Death is 
preferable in performing one's own Dharma 
for the Dharma of others is dangerous." 

Aijnna said :— 

36. "Then, O descendant of Vrishm, 
by whom impelled docs man commit sin, 
though unwilling, as if driven by (smne 

mysterious) force V* 

1?he great ^^9®^*^ •"" 

37. "It is aSsifet it is wrath, born of 
the qualities of Passion {Raja Gana), It 
is greatly ravenous; it is greatly sinful. 
Know this to be the great enemy in this 
world (for final emancipation). 

38. As fire is enveloped by smolce, a 
mirror by dust, the foetus by the womb, so 
this (true knowledge) is enveloped by 

39. O son of Kunti, the knowledge is 
always enveloped by this constant enemy 
of the man of knowledge. Desire, is like 
an insatiable fire. 

40. It is said that its seat is in the 
senses, in the mind and in the understand- 
ing. By their help it deludes man, envelop- 
ing his knowledge. 

41. Therefore, O best of the Bharata 
race, brinj^ing your senses under control, 
cast off tnis sinful thing which destroys 
both Knowledge and Science (experience). 

42. It is said, great are the senses (over 
material body) ; greater than the senses is 
the mind ; greater than the mind is the 
understanding. That which is greater than 
the understanding is the (Self.) 

43. Thus, O mighty-armed, knowing 
that which is greater than understanding, 
(1. tf.. Self), restraining Self by Self, destroy 
this unconquerable enemy. Desire. 



Tke great One Said :— 

I. "1 told this imperishable (system oO 
Yoga to Vivaswata ; Vivaswata declared 
it to Manu ; Manu declared it to Ikshaku, 



a. Coming down thus, from generation 
to generation, it became known to the royal 
sages. But, O terror of foe», this Yoga was 
lost to the world by long lapse of time. 

3. You are my devotee and friend ; I 
have, therefore, told vou that old Yoga to- 
day, for it is a great Mystery.'* 


4. "Later is Your birth; prior is the 
birth of Vivaswata. How then shall I know 
that you first told it 7" 

The great one said :— 

5. "Many births of yours and mine, O 
Arjtma, have taken place. I know them 
all, O terror of foes, but you know not. 

-6. Though I am unborn (having no 
birth) ,* though I am hnperishable, though I 
am master of the elements, vet out ot my 
Maya (power of illusion) 1 take birth, resting 
on (material) Nature. 

7. Whensoever, O Bharata, virtue lan- 
ffuishes and sin predominates, I create my- 

8. t take birth, age after age, for the 
protection of the good and the destruction 
of the wicked, and for the establbhment of 
piety (true religion). 

c). He, wlio truly knows my these 
(wilful) births and wonderful deeds, after 
castmg off his t>ody, is not born again. He 
comes to Me. 

lo. Many holy sage^, who are freed 
from attachment, fear and wrath, who are 
Call of Me and who depend upon Me, have 
attained to my essence. 

ii. I bestow my favours (on all men) in 
the way in which they worship Me. All men, 

Pardia, follow in my path, in every way. 

13. Desiring success of actions, men 
worahip the Celestials (such as Indra &c), 
for in this world the success of action is soon 

13. According to qualities and (fruits of) 
actions, I have created four castes. Though 

1 am their Creator, yet know me as being 
not a Creator and not perishable. 

14. Actions do not touch me. I have 
no attachment in the fruits of actions. He 
who knows me as such is not tied down by 

15. Knowing this, men of old, desirous 
of emancipation, performed actions. There- 
fore, you too perform actk)n, as was done 
by men of okl in olden times. 

16. Even men of true knowledge is con- 
fused about what is action and what is in- 
action. I shall speak, to you about that 

action, learning which you will be freed from 
the (worldly) evils. 

17. One must know what is action, ox\^ 
must also know what is forbidden action, and 
one must again know what is inaction. The 
nature of action is abstruse. 

18. He, who sees inaction in action, and 
action in inaction, is a wise man, a Vogee, 
and a doer of all actions. 

19. The learned men call him wise whose 
all actions are free from desires and will ; 
and whose actions are burnt down by the 
fire of knowledge. 

20. Getting rid of the attachment (desire) 
for the fruits of actions, — being ever con- 
tented, and depending on none, although 
(such men) engages in action, they do no- 
thing at all. 

21. Being devoid of desires and having 
the mind and the senses under control, 
casting off all concerns, he, who performs 
action for the preservation of the body, in- 
curs no sin* 

22. Being contented with what is earned 
spontaneously, rising superior to the pairs of 
opposttes, being free from all jealousy, (such 
a man), being equable in success or failures* 
is not fettered by actions, altiiough he per- 
forms actions. 

23. The acts of the man who is devoid of 
attachment, who is free from passitms and 
whose mind b steady in knowledge, are all 

24. Brahma is the vessel of libation, Brah* 
ma is the libation itself, Brahma is the fire, 
Brahma is tlie pourer of libation to iii.-n who 
thus meditates upon Brahma in all his ac- 
tions, Brahma is the goal to whidi he pro- 

2$. Some Yogees perform the Sacrifice to 
the Celestials; others (however) otfer up 
(such) Sacrifice in the Sacrifice of Brahma- 

26. Others offer up in the fire of Self- 
restraint all his senses, such as the senses a( 
hearing and others. Others again offer up 
the objects of sense, such as sound into the 
fire of senses. 

27. Others offer up all the actions of the 
senses, and those of the life- breaths, into the 
Ko^a-fire of self-restraint» kindled by know- 

28. Some perform the Sacrifice for gain- 
ing possessions, some the Sacrifice of pe- 
nance ; others again Sacrifice of concentra- 
tion of mmd ; some perform the Sacrifice of 
Vedic study, some that of knowledge, others 
again the Sacrifice of asceticism of rigid 
vows* * 



29. Some offer up the upward life- breaths 
to downward life-breaths, and the down- 
ward life-breaths to upward life-breaths. 
Stopping up the motions of both the upward 
and downward life-breaths, some devote 
themselves to the restraint of the life-breath 
itself. Others, who take limited food, offer 
the life-breath to life-breatii. 

30. All these men, learned in the (vari- 
ous) Sacrifices, having their sins destroyed 
by Sacrifice, and eating the remnants of the 
Sacrifice, which is ambrosia, go to the eter- 
nal Brahma, 

31. O best of Kurus, this world is not for 
those who do not perform any Sacri- 
fice, what to speak of the future world ! 

32. Thus Sacrifices of various sorts are in 
the Vedas. Know them all as the results of 
actions ; and knowing this, you will be freed 
(from the fetters of the world). 

33. The Sacrifice of knowledge, O ter- 
ror of foes, is superior to the Sacrifice for 

?;aining possessions (in this world or in the 
uture), for,0 Partha, all actions are wholly 
and fully comprehended by knowledge. 

34. Learn knowledge by reverently salu- 
ting the learned, by ksking them questions, 
by doing service to them. The men of know- 
ledge and the men that know the Truth, wiil 
teach you knowledge. 

35. Having learnt it, O son of Pandu , 
ou will not again fall into delusion. And 

>y means of it, you will see all beings first ii^ 
yourself and then In Me. 

36. If you be the greatest sinner amongst 
all sinful men, youwill (still) cross over the 
ocean of your sin by means of the boat of 

37. As, O Arjuna, a blazing fire redu- 
ces all wood to ashes, so the fire of know- 
ledge reduces all actions to ashes. 

38. There is nothing in this world which 
so much purifies (man) as knowledge. The 
man, perfected by Yoga, learns it within 
himself in time. 

39. The man of faith, the man of assid- 
uousness, the man of self-restraint, obtains 
knowledge ; and obtaining knowledge, he 

gains the highest tranquillity (Mukti) without 

40. He, who is i^^norant, who has no faith, 
and whose mind is full of misgivings and 
doubt, is lost. Not this world, not the next, 
not (any) happiness is for him whose mind is 
full of doubts. 

41. Actions, O Dhananjaya, do not fetter 
him, who is self-possessed, whose doubts 
have been removed by knowledge and who 
lias placed all his actions in Yoga. 


42. Therefore, Oh descendant of Bliarat;t> 
destroying with the sword of knowledge ' 
these misgivings of yours produced from 
ignorance, engage in Yoga of action, — 



Arjuna said :— 

1. "O Krishna, you praise Karma Sanya* 
sa (renunciation of action) and also Karma 
Yoga (the pursuit of action). Tdl me defini*' 
tely, whicli of the two is superior?" 

The great One said :— 

2. "Both renunciation of action and pur- 
suit of action are means for emancipation , 
But of these two, pursuit of action is superi- 
or to renunciation of action. 

3. He, who lias no aversion and no desircr 
should for all times be considered an ascetic. 
For, O mighty-armed, he, who is free fron> 
the pairs of opposites, is easily released from 
the fetters of the world. 

4. Fools, not wise men, say that Shank' 
hya (renunciation of action to know God> 
and Yoga (pursuit of action living in God> 
are distinct. He who practises one, fully 
earns the fruits of the both. 

5. The place which the follower of Shan^ 
khya obtains ; is also gained by the followers 
of Yoga, He sees truly who sees the San* 
khya and the Yoga as one and the same. 

6. O mighty-armed, asceticism is difE- 
cult to be attained without the Yoga of a c* 
Hon, The sage, possessed of Yoga of action p 
attains to Brahma without delay. 

7. He, who is possessed of Yoga, whose 
mind is pure, who is self-restrained, who has 
controlled his senses and who- sees his self in 
every being, is not fettered by performing 

8—9. The man of knowledge, the man of 
Yoga, thinks, — I am doing nothing* When 
he sees, -hears, touches, smells, eats, moves*^ 
sleeps,breathes, talks, throws out excretions,, 
takes, opens and closes his eye-lids, h^ 
thinks that his senses (merely) deal with the 
objects of scfnses. 

10. He, who performs actioii^dedicatin^ 
them to Brahma and casting off all attach-, 
ments for their fruits, is not touched by sin, 
as the lotus* leaf is never wet with water. 

11. The Ko^tf(f5 perform action^, attain- 
ing purity of self, the bodly, the miiid, the 



vndersUndincf, even the senses, being free 
fVom all attachments. 

12. The Yogee, abandoning the desire for 
the fruits of actions, attains to the highest 
tranquility, and the Non»yOi(ee^ being 
attached to the fruits of action, is tied down 
(to re-births) on account of desire. 

13. The self-restrained embodied self 
(man), renouncing all actions by his mind, 
(but performing actions by his body) lives at 
ease within the city of mine gates, (bis body) 
doing nothing and causing nothing to be 

14. The Lord does neither create the 
capacity of action in man, nor the cause of 
actions, nor the connection of action and 
its fruits. The Nature only works. 

15. The Lord receives no one's sins, nor 
virtues of any. Knowledge is enveloped by 
ignorance. For this reason creatures 
are deluded. 

i6. To those who have destroyed this 

ignorance b^ the knowledge of Self, this 

knowledge like the Sun shows forth the 

17. Those, whose mind is in Him, whose 
very self is He, who is devoted to Him, 
whose _ goal is He, depart, never to return, 
their sins having been destroyed by know- 

18. The truly wise men look on a Brah- 
mana, endued with learning and humility, 
and on a cow, an elephant, a dog and a 
Chandala, as all alike. 

19. Even here the material world is 
conquered by those whose minds rest on 
equability. As Brahma is faultless and 
equable, therefore they rest in Brahma, 

20. The man, who rest in Brahma^ 
whose mind is steady, and who is not de- 
luded, does not exult on obtaining any 
thing agreeable or does not grieve for get- 
ting any thing disagreeable. 

21. One, whose self is not attached to 
external objects, obtains the happiness 
that is in one's self. ; and he, having his self 
united with Brahma t obtains the happiness 
which is imperishable. 

22. The pleasures, derived from objects 
of sense, are the sources of misery, and they 
have a beginning as well as an end. There- 
fore, O son of Kunti, a wise man does not 
feel any pleasure in them. 

23. He who is able to bear the agitation 
of desire and wrath, even in this world, 
before the dissolution of the body, is united 
with God ; he is happy. 

24. That Yogee, virhose happiness is with« 
in himself, whose recreations are within 
liiqiself, and whose light tomes from withm 

himself, becoming one with Brahma, ob- 
tains Brahma Nirvana (Self extinction in 

25. The Rishist whose sins are destroy- 
ed, whose mi'igivin^s are perished, who are 
self-restraint and wlio are engaged in doing 
good to all beings, obtain Brahma Nirvana* 

26. Absorption in Brahma here in thb 
world and hereafter in the next is ob- 
tained by those Yogees who are free from 
wrath and desire, whose minds are under 
control and who have the knowledge of 

27 — 28. The Yogee, who being irttent to 
obtain emancipation, has restrained his 
senses, mind and understanding, who is freed 
from desire, wrath and fear, who, excluding 
from his mind all external objects of sense, 
directing his sight between the brows, 
mingles into one the upward and the 
downward life- breaths and make them pass 
through the nostril, is sure to obtain eman- 

29. He, who knows Me as the enioyer 
of all sacrifices and penances, the great Lord 
of all the worlds and the friend of all crea- 
tures, obtains peace." 




The great One said :— ^ 

1. He, who performs actions that ought 
to be performed, regardless of their fruits, 
is a Sanyasi or Yogee, but not he who 
discards the sacrificial fire and abstains 
from all actions. 

2. To the devotees who are free from 
desire and wrath, and a Yogee who has 
not renounced all his resolves, 

3. To the sage who desires to rise to 
Yoga, action is said to be the means ,* and 
when he has risen to Yo^a, Shamadhi 
(cessation of all actions) is said to be the 

4. When one is no longer attached to 
the objects of sense, nor to actions, and 
when one renounces all his resolves, then 
is he said to have risen to Yoga, 

5. One should elevate his self by aelf ; 
one should not degfrade his self ; a man's 
self is his friend ; and his own self is also 
his enemy. 

6. To htm, who has subjugated his self, 
his self has become a friend ,* but to him, 
who has not subjugated his self, his self 
behaves like an enemy. 



7. The setf of one who has subjugated 
his self, and «.ho has atuined peace, is 
absoUitely fixed in itself in the midst of 
cold and heit, pleasure and p.iin, honour 
and dishonour. 

8. That Vogee is said to have risen 
to Vog^a, whose self is contented with 
knowled|:e and science (experience), who 
is unmoved, who is self- restrained, and to 
whom clay, stone and gold are alike 

.9. He is distinguished above all others 
who. considers alike his well-wishers, friends 
and enemies, and those that are indifferent, 
arid those that take part with both sides, 
and those who are objects of hatred and 
tliose that are related to him and those 
that are good and those that are wicked. 

10. A devotee, remaining in a secluded 
place, should always devote his mind in 
contemplation, along with his mind, and 
self-restrainedr with no expectations, aiMl 
with no concern (with any thing.) 

II — 12. Fixing his seat firmly on a clean 
spot, not too high and not too low, and 
spreading over it a piece of cloth, a deer-skin 
and kusa (grass), — there, seated on that 
seat, with his mind fixed on on« point, and 
restraining his mind and senses, one should 
practise contemplation for the purification 
of his self. 

13. Holding body, head and neck even, 
unmoved and steady, and fixing his sigkt on 
the tip of his own nose, and without looking 
about in all directions, 

14. With his self in tranquillity, freed from 
fear, adhering to the practices of Brahma- 
charies, he should restrain his mind, fix his 
heart on Me and sit down, regarding 
Me as his final goal. 

15. Thus constantly devoting his self to 
abstraction and contemplation, the Vogee, 
whose rrind is restrained, attains that peace 
which culminates in final absorption and 
assimilation with Me. 

16. Devotion is not achieved by the man, 
O Arjuna, who eats too much, or eats no- 
thing, who is addicted to too much sleep, or 
is always awake. 

17. The devotion that destroys misery is 
achieved by the man who is temperate rn 
lood and amusements, who toils dfuly in all 
his works and who is temperate in botn sleep 
and vigils. 

18. When his mind, having been wet! 
restrained, becomes fixed on one's own seH, 
then, that man, being indifferent to M\ 
objects of desire, is called a Vogite. 

19. A light, in a place where there b no 
air, flickers not : this has been cited as a 
simile to a Vogee whose mind has been 

restrained, and who devotes himself to 

20. Tiiat (state) in which mind, being rc- 
tr.uncd. ceases to work, in which piie, seeing 
the self by self, is pleased in afelf, 

21. In which one experiences that in- 
finite felicity which is beyond the spliere 
of the senses, and which Budhi (und<;rstand* 
ing) can only grasp, and adhering to which 
one never swerve from the truth, 

22. Acquiring which one considers no 
other acquisition higher than it, and adher- 
ing to which, one is not moved even in the 
greatest misery, 

23. That state should be understood to be 
called Voga, in which there is a complete 
severence of all connection with pain. Such 
Voga should be practised with steadiness, 
and with an undesponding heart* 

24. Abandoning without exception all 
desires; that are produced from resolves, 
and restraining by mind only the entire 
group of the senses, 

25. One should, by slow degrees, cease 
to think the objects of senses, with the 
help of his understanding, and controlled 
by patience, and then directing his mind 
to self. 

26. Whereas the resdess and unsteady 
mind wants to stray away, one should 
always restrain it and fix it steadily on the 
self alone. 

27. To such a Kof'tftf, whose mind is in 
peace, whose passions nave been suppress- 
ed, who has become one with Brahma, and 
who is free from sin, highest felicity indeed 
comes by itself. 

28. Thus constantly devoting hi3 self 
to abstraction, a Vogee t being freed from 
sin, easily acheives the supreme happiness* 
— namely the contact with Brahma, 

29. I am never lost to him, and he is 
never lost to Me, who sees Me in every- 
thing, and sees every thing in Me. 

30. He, who has devoted his sejf to 
abstracticn, looking alike on everything* 
sees his self in all creatures in his self. 

31. He, who worships Me abiding in 
all creatures, and tanking that all is one; 
lives in Me, whatever may be the oftode 
of his living. 

32. The Vog*et O Arjuna, who casts 
an equal eye everywhere, looking alike 
pain and pleasure, and considering all 
things as his own self, and the happiness 
and the misery of others as his own, ia 
deemed to be the best/' 



Arjuna said :-- 

33—34. "l cannot nee, O dostioyer of 
M<#clliu, how can this Vo^^a by-Eqnnnimity, 
which you have declared to me, be made 
to have a continual existence. For, O 
Krishna, mind is fickle, boisterous, per- 
verse and obstinate ; and 1 think to res- 
train it is as difficult as to restrain the" 

The great One said :— 

35. "The niind, O mighty-armed, is 
surely difficult to be restrained, and it is 
rcbtless. With constant practice, however, 
and with the abandonment of desire, O son 
oi Kunti, it may be restrained. 

36. It is my belief that devotion is diffi- 
cult to be achieved by one who does not res- 
train his self. But it can be achieved 
through proper expedients by one whose 
mind is restrained and who is assiduous." 

A]:;jima said:— 

37. "What is the end of him, O f<risUna 
who has not earned success in devotion, 
being not assiduous, and having a mind 
shaken off from devotion, though full of 
faith ? 

38. Does he, O mighty-armed, having 
fallen from both, go tq ruin like a broken 
cloud, being without support and deluded 
of the path to Brahma ? 

39. It is you, O Krishna, who can 
entirely destroy this doubt of mine; for 
none else can destroy it." 

The great one said •— 

40. "O Partha, neither in th'is world, 
nor in the next such a man is ruined, for, O 
dear friend, none, who performs good deeds, 
comes to an evil eud« 

41. He, who has not been able to ac- 
hieve Yoga, goes to the worlds of those who 
perform good acts. He lives there for 
many years, and is then born into a family 
of holy and rich men ; 

42. Or he is born into a family of intelli- 
gent devotees ; for, such a birth as this is 
difficult to attain to this work). 

43- There qpmea he in cpntact wjth the 
VnqjfX^d^Q of Brahma, which belonged to 
him - in his former life j and th^rv, O de- 
scendant of Kuru, he wo.Jci again for 
perfection. » ^ ," 

44- ^eti thQugJb unwilling, he is led to 
work on for perfection on account of the 
devotional practice practised in his former 
birth. Although he m\y wisdet to learn 
r^ijrtf, hestUl rises ^bove the fruits of action, 
iMd down m t^ie sacred word, the Vedas. 

45. The devotee, having been clearecj of 
his sins, attains to perfection after many 
births, by workhig with great efforts, and he 
then reaches the supreme goal. 

46. The Yogee is considered to • be 
superior to the ascetics who perform pe- 
nances,— superior even to a man of true- 
knowledge ; he is higher than the men of 
action. Therefore, O Arjuna, become a 

47. Even amongst all Yoge^s, he, who 
being full of faith, worships Me with his in« 
most self being intent on Me, is considered 
by Me, 10 be the most devout. 



The great One said:— 

1. "Now hear, O Partha, how you can/ 
without doubt, know Me fulfy, by fixmg your 
mind on Me, practising Yoga, and taking 
refuge in Me. 

2. I shall now tell you exhaustively about 
Knowledge together with science (experi- 
ence) knowing which there will remain 
nothing more (for you) in this world to 

3. One only among thousands of me^f 
tries to get perfection { and even amonfif 
those that are assiduous and have achieved 
perfection, only very few know Me truly. 

4. (Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Space, Mind. 
Understanding, and Consciousness) thus 19 
My Nature divided eight- fold. 

5. But this is lower form of My Nature^ 
Know there is another form of ny Natur$ 
higher than this, which is animate and by 
which, O migKty-ariaed, the aniverse \A 

6. Know, thfit ^11 things have these 
(Earth, Water &c.) for their source. I am 
the productive Causa and the destroying 
Agent of all t,lie Uuiverse. 

7. There is, O Dhananjaya, nothing 
higher than Myself. All this is woven on 
Me like a row of pearls id a itring. 

8. I am the iasie in water, I am the 
light in the Sun and the Mdon ; I am VOm*( 
in all the yed^s, th« spiupd in space, . and 
manlin,^s$ in, jMPp . , * . 

g. I am the fragrance \t\ the ennli, 
the refi^l/fen,^ m Che (trcj I ant the life in 
aU ^emg^i a^ t\\fi Pe/toft^ in ascttiosj 



10. Kniw Me, O Partha. to be llie ever- 
Ustin(( seed of ;4ll beings. I am the intelli- 
gence of all intellig:ent men, and the glory 
oi all glorious objects. 

11. I am the strength of the strong who 
are freed from desire and tliirst. And I am 
the love, O tlie Bist of Bh-irata race, 
Skxnox^g all beings, unopposed to virtnrc. 

12. And all existing things of Satya, 
Riija and Tama Gunas (the qualities of 
goodness, of passion and of darkness), 
are al) from Me, I am, however, not in 
them ; they arc in Me. 

13. This whole universe, deluded by 
these three qualities, dt^es not know Afr, 
who am beyond them, and undecaying. 

14. The Illusion of Mine, developed 
from the«aid three qualities, is marvellous ; 
and difficult to transcend. Those, that re- 
sort to Me alone, cross beyond this Illu- 

15. Ignorant men, the doers of evfT, and 
the wor«H of their species, being deprived of 
their knowledge by this Illusion and wed- 
ded to tlie state of demons, do not resort 
to Me. 

16. O A rjt ma, four dassses of doers of 
^ood acts worship me, namely he wiio 
fs distressed, he who seeks after know- 
ledge, he who wants wealth and he who is 
possessed of knowledge. 

17. Amongst these (four classes of men) 
he, wlio is the possessor of knowledge, 
being devoted, and having faith on only 
the One, is considered to be superior to the 
rest. For to a man of (true) knowledge, 
I am dear above every thing and he is dear 
to Me. 

18. AH these four classes of men are 
noble, but, a man, who is possessed of 
knowledge, is considered by Me as My own 
self. For he, with his self devoted to ab- 
straction, has taken Me to be the goal than 
which there is nothing higher. 

19. The man of knowledge reaches Me 
at the end of many lives, believing that 
Vasudeva is all this, (everything and all 
things of the universe). But such a high- 
souled man is exceedingly rare. 

20. Tltose, that are deprived of know- 
ledge by desire, reach other gods (divi- 
nities), by observing various (religious) 
regulations, and by being uncontrolled by 
their own nature. 

a 1 . Whichever form (of deity) a worship- 
per wishes to worship with faith, I make his 
faith steady in that form. 

22. Endued with this faith, such a wor- 
shipper adores the deity ^n that form), 

and obtains from it all that he desires 
though they are really given by Me. 

23. But the fruits thus obtained by men 
of no knowledge are perishable. Those 
that worship the divinities (gods) go to the 
divinities; while tiiose that worship Me 
cofne to Me. 

24. The undisceming oneM regard Ms^ 
who am really unmanifest, to have become 
manifest; because tl>ey do not know My 
transcendent and inexhaustible state, than 
which there is nothing higher. 

25. Shrouded by the delusion of My 
inconceivable power, I am not manifest 
to air. This deluded world, knows not Me 
who am unborn ai>d undecaying. 

26. O Arjuna, I know tl»e things that are 
past ; I know all things that are present, 
and (I know also) all things that will be in 
the future. But there is none wIm> knows 

27. An beings, O terror of foes, at the 
time of their birth, are deluded by tlws 
delusion arising, O Bharata, from the pairs 
of opposiies, and from the results of desire 
and aversion. 

28. But the m^n of meritorious acts, 
whose sins have all conte to an end, 
worship Me, being freed from the pairs iA 
opposites and firm in their faith. 

29. Tliose, who depending on me, tries 
to obtain release from decay and death, 
know Brahma, tlie entire Adhyatma and 
all actions. 

30. And they, who know Me with Adhi^ 
bhuta, the Adhidari*a and the Adhiyajna, 
having their minds fixed in abstraction, 
know Me at the time of tlieir departure 
(from this world).*' 



Aijnna said :— 

1. *• What is Brahma, what is Adhyatma 
and what is, O best of men, Action 7 And 
again, wliat is (meant by) Adhibhuta, Adi" 

2. And Adhiyajna, and how (they are 
in this body), O destroyer of Madhu ? And 
how, too, are you to be known by those who 
restrain their selves, at the time of their 

The great one said :— 

3. " The Brahma is the supreme, and 
the indestructible. Adhyatma is called Its 



manifestation, and the offering (to the divi- 
nities), which is the cause of llie production 
and the development of all things, is called 

jL. Adkihhuta is all perishable things. 
Adhidaiba is the (primal) Malt^Being. And 
O best of men, Adhiyajna ts 1 myself in 
this body. 

5. He. who casts off this body and 
departs from this world, remembering Me 
in his last moments, comes to My essence. 
T^ere is no doubt in it. 

6. And again, whichever form of divinity 
he remembers when he finally leaves this 
body and departs from this worid, to him, 
O son of iCunii, he goes, having habitually 
meditated upon him. 

7. Therefore, think and remember Me 
at all timc^, and engage in battle. Fixing 
voar mind and understanding on Me, you 
wilt surely come to Me. There is no doubt 
in it. 

8. He. who thinks of the Supreme 
Divine Being, O Partha, with a mind not 
running to other objects, and possessing of 
concentration of mind in continuous medi- 
tation, goes to the Supreme Beinjgr 

o— 10. He attains to that transcendent and 
Divine Being, who. possessed of reverence 
fok- Him. with a steady mind and power of 
devotion, properly coocentraung the We- 
breath between tlic brows, meditates on 
that ancient Seer, -the ruler of all the 
minutest of the minute, the f PP<>y^^^ 
of all.— whose form is inconcievable, whose 
brilliance is that of the sun and wlio is 
beyond all darkness. 

II. I shall tell you briefly about the seat 
which the persons, learned in the Vedas. say 
indestructibrc, which is entered by ascetic^, 
who are freed from all desires, and which, 
wishing to obtain, men follow the path of 

X2— 13. He reaches the highest goal who 
casu off his body and depart., by stopping 
all passages (senses), confining the mind 
with^in iilelf, placing his own life-breath 
between the eye-brows. adhering to un n- 
lenupted meditation, uttcrmg the one syla- 
ble Om{ which is Brahma, and thinking 

U, To that Yogee, O Partha, I am e^y 
of access who always meditate on Me, by 
withdrawing his mind from all other ob- 
jects, and who constantly practises abstrac- 

15. Those high-souled men, who achieve 
the highest perfection, attaining XO Me, do 
not again Uke birth, which is the abode of 
ftoiruw, and transient. 

16. All (beings of all) the worlds, O Ar- 
jiina, from the world of Brahma^UsLve to take 
rebirth. But, O son of Kunti, after attain- 
ing to Me, there is no rebirth. 

17. Those who know the day of Brahmar 
as being of one thousanti agos, and a night 
of his, as beini? of one thousand ages {yuga} 
know Day and Night. 

18. On the advent of Day, all ihirtgs that 
are manifest ;4re produced from the unmani- 
fest, and on the advent of Night, all things- 
dissolve into that which is called unmani- 

19. The same assemblage of beings^ 
being manifest (born>, again and again,, 
dissolves on the advent of Night, and O Par- 
tha, on the advent of Day. they spring forth 
again, being constrained by the force of ac- 

20. But there is another entity, unmani- 
fest and eternal, whkrh is beyond the unma- 
nifest beings, and which is not destroyed 
when all entities are destroyed. 

21. It is called unmanifest and indestruc- 
tible; they call it the highest goal. At- 
taining to it, none has to come back. 

22. 'nie Supreme Being, O Partha, 11 
which all beings dwell, and by whom an 
beings are permeated, is to be attained by 
faith, undirected to any other objects. 

23. I will state the times, O best of the 
Bharata race, at which Yogees, departing 
from this world, go — never to return, or, to 

24. Departing from the world in the Fine, 
the Flame, the Day, the Bright -Fortnight, 
the Six months of the norther Solstice, one, 
if he knows Him, goes to Brahma, (never to 
return again). 

25. Departing from this world in Smoke, 
Nit;ht. the Dark-Fortnight, the Six months 
of tlie southern Solstice, one goes to the 
Lunar Light and returns to the world again. 

26. The Bright and the Dark, these two 
paths are considered to be eternal paths in 
this world. By the one, one goes never to 
return ; by the other, one goes to come 

27. Knowing these two paths, O Partha, 
no Yogee is deluded, and therefore. O 
Arjuna, at all times, be possessed of oYga, 

28. The meritorious fruits, prescribed in 
the Vedas, for sacrifices, for penances, for 
gifts —knowing all this, a Yogee attains to 
it, the highest and primeval seat." 






The great one said:— 

1. "I shall now speak to you, O enviless 
one, all that mysterious knowledge, along 
with experience, by knowing which you 
will be freed from evil. 

2. It is the chief science and the chief 
mystery ; it is the chief means of purifica- 
tion. It is consistent with the sacred laws, 
easy to practise, directly apprehensible, and 

3. Those men, O terror of foes, who 
have no faith in this sacred doctrine, return 
to this mortal world without attaining to 

4. This whole universe is pervaded by 
Me in My unmanifest form. All things live 
in it. 

5. And again all things are not in Me. 
See ray divine power. Supporting all 
entities and producing all entities, My Self 
does not live in those entities. 

6. As the great and ubiquitous atmos- 
phere, (without tainting) live, occupying 
space, so similarly all things live in Me. 

7. All entities, O son'of Kunti, attain to 
My nature at the end of a Kalpa. And 
again at the beginning of a Kalpa \ bring 
them forth. 

8. Controlling My Nature Myself, I 
bring forth again and again this whole 

■ assemblage of entities, which has no will of 
its own. 

9. But, Arjuna, (hese acts of mine do 
not fetter me, I sit like one unconcerned 
and unattached to those actions. 

10. Through Me^ the supervisor, primal 
Nature produces all movables and unmove- 
ables. Thus, O son of Kunti, the universe 

1 1- 12. Not knowing My supreme Nature, 
the deluded people of vain hopes, vain acts, 
vain knowledge, of confounded minds, of 
the delusive nature of Ashuras and Rak- 
shashas, disregard Me as I have assumed a 
hnman body. 

13. But high-souled and divine- natured 
devotees, O Partha, knowing Me as the 
origin of all things, worship Me with minds 
directed to nothing else. 

14. Always glorifying Me, exerting them- 
selves with firm vows, bowing down to Me 
with reverence, being always Jcvotcd to Me, 

hey worship Me» 

15. Others again, performing the Sacri- 
fice of knowledge, worslfip Me as one, as 
distinct, as pervading the universe in many 

16. I am the Ke///c Sacrifice ; I am the 
Sacrifice laid down in the Smriti ; 1 am the 
Sabdalimantrsk) ; I am the sacrificial liba- 
tion ; I am the fire ; I am the offering. 

17. I am the Father of the universe, 
its Mother, its Creator, its Grandsire. 1 am 
the Thing to be known, and the Means by 
which every thing is purified. 1 am the 
Om, the /?t7r. Soman and Yajus (Vedas). 

18. I am the goal, the supporter, the 
lord, the on-looker, the asylum, the friend, 
the source, the siipport,t the receptacle and 
the imperishable seed. - 

19. I produce heat ; I produce and slop 
showers. I am immortality, aud I nm ako 
d^eath. I am, O Arjuna, that which exists 
and which does not exist. 

20. Those, who know the three 
knowledges, who drink the Shomd juice, 
who offer sacrifices, and whose sins are 
washed away, seek admission into heaven. 
Reaching the holy world of the lord of ilie 
celestials, they enjoy the celestial pleasures 
of the gods in the celestial world. 

2t, And having enjoyed the pieas4jres of 
the extensive heaven, when tlieir merit is 
exhausted, they again enttr into the nioital 
world. Those that wi&h lor the objects of 
debire, and act according to the dtictrines 
of these Vedas, obtain going and coniing 
(births and deaths). 

22. I ^ive new gifts to tlwsc men, — and 
preserve those that ha\*e been already 
acquired. — who worship Me, meditaiing on 
Me and who are constantly devoted to Me. 

23» Even those, O son of Kunti,. who 
endued with taith, worship other gods, 
worship Me though not in the regular way. 

24. For I am the enjoyer, as well as the 
giver of fruits of all sacrifices. But tl>ey 
do not know Me truly, and therefore tli^y 
fall from heaven. 

25. Those who worship the Pitris, go 
to the Pitris, those who worship the 
Bhutas, go to the Bhutas, but those who 
worship Me, come to Me. 

26. 1 accept leaf, flowers, fruit, crater, 
from him who is pure, and who with faith 
offers them to Me, if they are presented 
with devotion. 

27. Whatever you do, O son of Kunti, 
whatever you eat, whatever you sacrifice, 
whatever you give, wl-.atever penance you 
perform, do it in a way which may be an 
offcrii^g to Me. 



38. • Thus wiH you be freed from the 
bonOb of action p the fruits of which are 
both good and bad. With your self en- 
dued with renunciation and devotion, you 
will be freed (from the laws of rebirth), and 
you will come to Me. 

, 39. I am alike to ail beings. No one 
is hateful, ftone is dear to Me. In what- 
ever way they worship, if they worship with 
reverence, they are in Me, and 1 am in 

^o. If even an exceedingly wicked niBJik 
worship Me^ without worshipping any one 
lelse, he should ceriatnly be regarded as a 
good (man), for bis efforts are well-directed* 

3'U Such a man soon becanMs devout and 
virtuous- minded, and attains eternal peace^ 
Lieam, O son of Kunti^ he^ who is jde voted 
lo Me, is never lost. 

3ft. Even those persons, Partha, who 
are of sinful birth, who are women, Vaishyas 
or Sudrast attain to the supreme go^, if tliey 
come to Me. 

33. What Chen should I speak of holy 
Bramhins and royal sages who are my 
devotees? Having come to this miserable 
and mortal world, O Partha, worship Me^ 

34. Fix vour mind on Me, became ify 
worshipper. bec4>me My devotee, bow to 
Me, 'i\\\xs making Me your goal, and 
devotii^ yourself to abstraction, you will 
certainly come to Me J* 



great one said :— 

1. "And again, O mighty-armed, listen 
to My words relating to the great Self. 
I tell them to you out of a wisti for your 
welfare, and *you, too, will be delighted <with 

2. The hosts of gods and great sages 
do not "know my origin, for 1 am in every 
way the -source of the gods and sages. 

3. He, who knows Me to be unborn, free 
from delusion, without beginning, the 
supreme Lord of all the world, is released 
from all sins. 

4. Intelligence, knowledge, absence from 
delusion, forgiveness, truth, self-restraint, 
tranquil.ity, pkdsure, pain, birth, learand 
also security^ 

5. H^rmlessness, equanimity of mind; 
cooiwtmvnt^ pcnaucc, uUcring ^ifts, faiue, 

infamy, — ^all these attributes otf iMiag Aiise 
from Me alone. 

6. Tiie seven great Rishis, and also 
the four ancient Manue, pertainiftg my 
nature, were all born from «ny mind, (bv 
My mere thinking). From thetn are all 
things bocn. 

7. He, Mfho knows correctly these emana^ 
dons and tnvatic powers of M$n^, becofiies 
possessed of unswerving devotion,'^--there is 
no doubt about it. 

8. The truly wise man, endued ^nfkh 
My iiatitfe, worship Me, believiRg thai I 
am the origin of »U» and Irom Me all things 

9. Such men placing their minds on Me^ 
deMOCmg ihetr lives to Afe, insti^pting each 
other and speaking about Me, are always 
conteated and faippy* 

10. To such men I give that knowledge 
by which they attain to Mt. 

11. Out of compassion for tliera I, re- 
Tnainine in t^eir hedrte, destroy. In such 
men, Sie darkness of ignoranoe, with the 
lamp of knowledge." 

Jjjtuia said :— 

12. '' You aire the aupr^nie Brahvuh 
the supreme asyluoiij tbe hpli^ of the holy^ 
the everlasting divine Being, the firs,t of 
gods, unborn, the great LoroT 

13. All the Rishis, as well as th^ 
divine sages Nmrada, Asita, Devala, arp 
thus^. And you too, O Keshava, tell me 
yourself that it is so. 

14. I believe all that you tell me, O holy 
one, for neither the ^ds nor the demo;^ 
understand your manifestations. 

15. O best of beings. Creator of a)l 
things, Qod of gods, Lord of the universe, 
you only know yourself by your great Self, 

16* Kindly tell me without reservation 
your divine emanations, by which eman^- 
tioQ you remain pervading all these w.orld^. 

17. O you of mystic powers, how shall 
I know you by always meditatine on you. 
In what particular entity (mannestatton), 
should I meditate on you 7 

18. O Janardana^ declare to me yQ^^- 
self, your powers and emanations, for heftr- 
ing this ambrosia, I am not satiated." 

The e^eat One said :— 

19. ''Well, O best of Kurus, f shaU de- 
clare to you my divine emanations, but I 
shall only tell you the chief ones, iar there 
is n,o end .of emanations* 

30. O Gudake^h, 1 ,am the Self in the 
heart of every being. I am the beginning, 
the middle and the end of every thing. 



21. I am Vishnu amongst the Adityas, 
ail -resplendent Sun among all shining 
bodies. 1 am Mnrtchi among JIfaruts, and 
the Moon among constellations. 

22. I am the Shama Veda among the 
V^das, I am Indror among the celestials. 
I am mind among the senses, 1 am the 
consciousness of all living things. 

23. I am Skankara among the Rudras, I 
am the lord of treasures among Yakshas^ 
I am Pavaka among the VasuSi and 1 am 
the Aferu amongst the mountain peaks. 

24. Know me, Partha, as Vrihaspaii 
among family priests, and Skanda among 
commanders of forces. I am ocean among 
all waters. 

25. I am Bhrigu among the great Rishis ; 
I am Om among all words, I am Japa Sacri" 

fice among all:sacrifices. I am tne Himalaya 
among mountains ; 

26. And the fig tree among all trees ; 
I am Narada among celestial Rishis, and 
Chitraratha among Candharvas, I am 
Kapila among all ascetics successful in 

27. Know me to be Uchaisraba amomg 
all horses, produced by the churning for 
ambrosia, and Airavata among the great 
elephants. I am king among men. 

28. I am thunder among weapons ; I am 
Kamadhuka among cows ; I am Kandarpa 
that generates. I am Vasttki among ser- 
pents ; 

29. I am Ananta among Nags. I am 
Varnna among aquatic beings, I am Arya^ 
man among the Fitris, and Yama among 
the dispensers of justice and punishment. 

, 30. I am Pralhad among Daiiyas, and 
the Kala among those who count. I am 
lion among the beasts of prey, and Gadura 
among birds. 

31. I am the wind among those that 
move, Rama among the wielders of 
weapons. I am Makara among 6bhes, I am 
the Ganges among all rivers and streams. 

32. O Arjuna, I am the beginning, the 
middle and the end of all created tilings. 
I am the knowledge of the Supreme Self 
among all kinds of knowledge, and I am 

' the argument of all debators. 

33. I am the first letter of the Alpha- 
bet and Danda (copulative) among all 
Shamashes (compounds). I am the Eternal 
Time, I am the Creator with face turned to 
every side. 

34. I am the Source of all that is to be. 
Among females, I am Fame, Fortune, 

•Speech, Memory, Intellect, Courage, and 

35. I am Vrihat Saman among Sam 
hvmns, and Gayetri among metres. I am 
Margasirsha among months, and among 
seasons I am the spring that is full of 

36. I am the dice-game among cheats, 
I am the glory among the glorious. I am 
victory, I am industry, I am the goodness 
of the good. 

37. I am Vasudeva among Vrishnis and 
Arjuna among the Pandavas. I am Vyasa 
among Rishis, and Ushanas among the 

38. I am the rod of the chastisers, and 
the policy of those that seek victory. I am 
silence in secrets, and the knowledge of 
the learned. 

39. I am, O Arjuna, that which is the 
seed of all things. There is nothing mov« 
able or immovable which can exist without' 

40. O terror of foes, there is no end of 
my divine emanations; the extent of my 
emanations in part has only been declared 
to you to cite instances. 

41. Whatever thing there is of power 
or glory or splendour, know them to be 
produced from portions of my energy. 

42. O Arjuna, what have you to do> 
knowing all this at large ? Know, I stand* 
supporting this entire universe with only a 
portion of my Self. 


Aijona said — 

1. *• The excellent and mysterious words, 
relating to the Supreme Self and the indivi- 
dual Self, which you have spoken to me, 
have removed my delusion. 

2. O lotus-eyed one, I have heard 
elaborately from you the niystery of pro- 
duction and dissolution of things, and also 
about your inexhaustible greatness . 

3. O great Lord, what you have said of 
yourself is even so (perfectly true). 1 desire 
to see, O best of bemgs, your divine form. 

4. If. O Lord, vou think that I am com- 
petent to see that form, then, O Lord of 
mystic powers, show me your inexhaustible 

TheGhreatOne Said:— 

5. "Behold, Partha, mv forms by hun- 
dreds and thousands. Iney are various, 
divine, and Uifierenl in coluur and fornn 



6. Behold the Aiityns, the Vasus^ the 
Rudras, the Aswrns, and the Miiruts, Be- 
hold, O Bharata, innumerable wonders, not 
seen by you before. 

7. Behold, Gudakesh, the entire universe 
of movables and immovables and whatever 
else you wish to see, all collected together 
in my this body. 

8. But you are not fit to see Me with 
your these eyes. Therefore, I give you 
divine sight. Behold now my great mystic 

Java continued :-— 

9. O great king, having said this, the 
mighty lord of mystic powers, Hari, reveal- 
ed to Partha his great divine form. 

10. With many mouths and eyes, with 
many wonderful aspects, with many celes- 
tial ornaments, with many upraised celestial 

It. Adorned with celestial garlands and 
robes, embalmed with celestial fragrance, 
and full of every wonder ; it is resplendent 
and infinite with faces turned ot\ all sides. 

12. If splendour of one thousand suns 
burst forth all at once in the sky, that wodld 
be something like the splendour of that 
great One. 

13. Then the son of Pandu (Arjuna) saw 
the entire universe, divided and subdivided 
inio many parts, but all collected together 
m the body of that God of all gods. 

14. Then filled with amazement, Dhanan- 
jaya, with his hairs standing on end, his 
head lowly bowed down and his hands 
joined together, addressed the great God 
thus : — 


15. " I behold, O Great God, all the 
celestials and all the varied hosts of 
creatures. I behold Brahma seated oi\ his 
lotus-seat ; I behold all the great Rishit and 
divine Nagas. 

16. O you of infinite forms, I beliold 
you on every side with innumerable arms, 
bellies, mouths, and eyes. O Lord of the 
universe, O you of universal form, I do 
see neither your end, nor middle, nor the 

17. I behold you inmieasurable, — you 
wtiom it is difficult to look at. I behold 
you, bearing your diadem, mace and discus 
glowing on all sides, possessing a mass of 
energy, and being subdued with the efful- 
gence of the blaxing fire of the sun, 

18. You are imperibhable and the 
Supreme object of this universe. You are 
undecaying and the guardian of everlast- 

ing virtue. I find yon the eternal great 

19. I behold you without beginning, 
middle and end. I behold you possessing 
infinite prowess and innumerable arms, 
having the snn and the moon as your two 
eyes, and the blazing fire as your motith ; 
1 behold you heating the universe with your 
own great 'energy. 

20. The space between heaven and earth 
and all the points of the horizon are per^ 
vaded by you alone. The three worlds 
tremble, O Supreme Self, at the sight of 
your this marvellous and fierce form. 

21. Hosts of celestials enter into you ; 
some perhaps being afraid prav with joined 
hands, saying Hail to thee. Hosts of great 
Rishis and Sidhyas praise you with in^ 
numerable hymns of praise. 

22. The Rtuirast the Adityas, the Vasus, 
the Saddhyas, the Viswas, tne Aswins^ the 
Maruts, the Ushmapas^ the Gandharvas, tlie 
Vakshas, the Asuras, and hosts of Sidhyas 
see you ; and they are all amazed. 

23. O mighty-armed, all creatures are 
frightened, and I am seeing also your 
mighty form with many mouths and eyes, 
with innumerable arms, thighs, feet and 
bellies, and terrible on account of many 

24. I can no longer comnnand courage, 
or enjoy peace of mind, seeing your miehty 
form which is touching the very skies, which 
is fiery radiant, many winged, widely open* 
mouthed and witli large and blazing eyes. 

25. Seeing your mouth terrible with 
tusks and fearful as the all -destroying Fire 
at the final end of the Yugat I cannot 
tecognise the points of the horizon or 
command my peace of mind. 

26. All the son of Dhritarashtra, to 
gether with the host of kings, Bhisma 
Drona and Suta*s son, Kama, with eveti 
the principle warriors of our side, 

27 Are quickly entering your terrible 
mouths, rendered more terrible by thy 
tusks. Some, with their heads crushed, stick 
at the interstices of your teeth. 

28. As many currents of waters, flowing 
through different channels, roll rapidly 
into the ocean, so these heroes of the world 
enter into your blazing mouth. 

29. As insects for their own destruction 
rush in increasing speed into the blazing 
fire, so these men, with unceasing speed 
enter into your mouth for their own des- 

30. Devouring all these men from twtry 
side, you lick them with your flam in; 
mouths. O Vishnu, your fearful splendour, 



-filling tVm whole univer9e with your great 
energy, heat everything. 

31. Tdl me who arc you with this fear- 
ful form. I bow down my head to you ; 
be gracious to me, O chief of the gods. 1 
desire to know you, Primeval One ; for I do 
not uvMierstand your actions. 

The Great One said :— 

32. "I am (now) the full manifestation 
of Death, the Destroyer of the worlds. 
All these warriors, standing in different 
divisions, will cease to be, even if you do 
not kiU them. 

33. Therefore, arise and gain glory. 
Vanquishing the foe, enjoy this great king- 
dom. All these men are already slain by 
jpe. Be niy instrument only. 

34. Kill Drona, Ehisma. Jayadratha 
Kama and all tliese brave warriors, they are 
already killed by me. Do not be dismayed . 
Fight, — ^you will conquer your foes in 

Saigaya said :— 

35. Hearing these words the diadem- 
decked Arjunai trembling, and with joined 
hands, bowed to Krishna. Making his 
aaUiiations^ overwhelmed witk fear, he once 
more with chocked voice said to him. 

Azjirna . said :— 

36. " It is quite natural, O Hrishikesha, 
that the universe is delighted and charmed 
in singing your praise, and Rakshasas are 
scattered away in fear and hosts of 
Siddltyas are bowing (at your feet). 

3^. And why should they not bow down 
to yoii, L> Supreme Self, for you are greater 
than Brahma, you are the primal Cause. 
U Intinite One, O God of the gods, O 
Hefuge oi the universe, you are indestruc- 
tible, you are tliat which is and that which 
is not, and that which is beyond both the 
existent and non^existents. 

.58. You arc the First God, the Ancient 
Being ; you are the Supreme Refuge of the 
world. Vou are the Knower and the Object 
to be, known ; you are the highest abode. O 
Infinite One, the wliole universe is per- 
vaded by you. 

39. You are Vayu^ Varna, Agni, Varuna 
Chandra^ Prajapati and Grandsire. I 
bow down' my head to you a tliousand times. 
Again and yet again 1 bow down my head 
to you. 

40. My salutation to you in front ; my 
salutatbn to you from behind. O you All, 
my salutation Ko you from tvery side. You 
are all, your ^neigy infinite, your prowess 
iiu«n^asurable ; you embrace all. 

41—42. O Krishna, O Jadava O friend, 
O undecayin^ One, O Infinite one, I beg 
your pardon for whatever has been said 
carelessly bv me, and wintever disrespect 
has been shown to you not knowinjj your 
greatness, and considering you friend from 
want of judgment or from fove, either out 
of mirth or on occasions of play Tying, 
sittmg or at meals, while alone or in the 
presence of others. 

43- You are the Father pf the universe 
of movables and immovables; you are 
»ie great Master deserving of all worship. 
There is none equal to you. How ca^ 
th^re be one p^reater than you whose power 
IS matchless m these Worlds. 

44- Therefore, O Lord, O adorable 
One, bowing to you, iwostratipg before 
vou^ I ask your grace. You sbouW pver^ 
look my faults, O God, as father docs hi? 
son's, a friend his friend's, a lover hi9 

45' Seeing your this form unseen be- 
fore, I have been delighted, but my mind 
has been frightened. Show me your ordi- 
nary form, O God. Be graciotis, O Lord 
of the gods, O Refuge of the universe. 

46. I desire to see you as before, with 
diadem, discus and mace. O you of 
thousand arms, O you of universal form, 
be of that four-armed form." 

The great One said ^— 

47. "^eing pleased with you, O Aquna, 
I have b^ my mystic powers, shown to yoq 
this my Supreme fon»), glorious, uniyersal, 
infinite and Primeval, which has been seen 
by none before, except now by you. 

48. Except by you only, O Kuru warrior, 
I cannot be seen in this form by any one 
in this word, — not even by the study of the 
Vedas, or by sacrifices, gifts, actions or sev* 
erest penances. 

49. H^ive no fear or perplexity of mind 
at seeing my thl^ fearful form. Freed from 
fear, with a joyful he^rt, behold my other 

Sanjaya said .— 

50. Having said all this to Arjuna, 
Vasudeva once more showed him his own 
ordinary form. The liigh-soulded One, 
once more assuming his gentle form, cono- 
forted Arjuna who was much agitated. 


51. "Seeing your this gentle human 
form, O Janardana, I have Come tb my 
right mind and to my normal stale." 



The great One said :— ' 

52. "The form of mine, which you have 
(just now) seen, is diflFIcult to be seen. 
Even the celestials are always eager to see 
my this great form. 

53. Not by the stucJy of the Vedas, not 
by penances, gifts or sacrifices, can I be 
seen in this form of mine which you have 

54. But by exclusive devotion to me, O 
Arjuna, O chastiser of foes, I can, in this 
form, be known, truly seen and attained to. 

55. O Arjuna, he who does everything 
for Me, who has only Me for his supreme 
objects, who is freed from all attachments 
and who is without enmity towards any 
beings, comes to Me, 


Aijtma said :— 

1. "Of those worshipers, who constant- 
ly adore you and who meditate on you as 
Imperishable and Unmanifest, who are the 
best acquainted with devotion V* 

The great One said :— 

2. •'Those that constantly adore n»e, 
fbung their minds on me, and being endued 
with the highest faith, are considered by 
me as men having the greastest devoton. 

3. Those, however, who worship the 
Imperishable, the All-pervading, Inconciev- 
able, the Indifferenti the Immutable, the 

4. Who, restraining the entire groups 
of senses, are equal-minded in respect of 
all things, and are engat^ed in doing good 
to all creature, come to Me. 

5. Difficulty to attain me is greater to 
those who seek for the Unman ifest, for, the 
way to the Un manifest is hard to find by 

6 — 7. I, without delay, become deli- 
verer from the ocean of this world of those, 
who, reposing all actions on Me and consi- 
dering Me tiie highest object of attainment, 
worship Met meditating on Me with exclu- 
sive devotion, and fixing their minds 
on Me, 

8. Fix your mind oiv ^6 alone ; place 
your understanding also on Me, You will 
thus, after death, live in Me \ there b not 
the least doubt in it. 

9. If, however, O Dhananja}^, you are 
unable thus to fix your mind j>iirMe, Ylien, 

try to obtain Me by devotion arising from 
continued application. 

10. If you are not able even tohave 
continued application, let your actions be 
performed for Me with your hip[hcst aim. 
For, by perfornun^ acts for Afy bdUe, you 
will attain to perfect! n. 

11. If even this }:i are unable to do, 
then resort to devotiuu in Me. Subduing 
your Self, abandon the desire for the fruits 
of actions. 

12. Knowledge is superior to applica- 
tion ; mediUtion is better than knowledge ; 
abandonment of the desire for the fruits of 
action is better than mediUtion ; peai e is 
the immediate result of such abandonment. 

13 — 14. He is dear to Me who has no 
hatred for anything, who is friendly and 
compassionate, who is free fron egoism, who 
has no vanity, who is alike in pleasure and 
pain, who is forgiving, contented, always 
devoted, whose self is subdued, purpose is 
firm, mind and understanding are fixed 
on Me: 

15. He is dear to Me, who is not 
troubled by the world, and the world is 
not troubled by him ; and who is free from 
joy, fear and anxieties. 

16. He is dear to Me who is pure, 
diligent, unconcerned, and free from all 
distress, and desireless for the fruits of 

17. He is dear to Me wl^ has no joy, 
and no aversion, who neither grieves nor 
desires, who renounces both good and evil, 
and who is full of faith in Me. 

18. He is dear to Md who is alike to 
friend and foe, in honour and dishonour, in 
cold and heat, in pleasure and pain, and 
who is free from attachments. 

19. He is dear to Me who is taciturn, 
who is contented with anything that come 
to hin», who is homeless, steady-minded, 
full of faith, and to whom censure and 
praise are the same. 

20. Those who resort to this righteous- 
ness that leds to immortality, and which 
has been declared to you by Me, — such 
d«"votecs of faith, who regard Me as the 
highest object for attainment, are the 
most dear to Me,** 


The Great One said :— 

1. ** Tliis body, O son of Kunti, b c? l'«!d 
Ksheira, The learned call him who Uul v.a 
it, Kshetrajna, 



2. Know me, O Bli^ratJi, as Ksheirajna 
in all Kshetras, 1 consider the knowledge 
of Kshetra and Kshetrajna to be the true 

3. Hear from Afe in brief what is Kshetra 
what it is like, what changes it undergoes, 
and whence it comes. Know also what is 
Ksheirajna^ and what arc his powers. 

4. All this has, in many ways, been sung 
by many Rishis in various verses and well- 
settled texts, full of reason and indicating 

5. The elements, egobm, intellect. Nature, 
ten senses, the mind, the five objects of 

6. Desire, aversion, pleasure, pain, body 
consciousness, courage, — all these five have 
been declared to be Kshetra in its nfM>di- 
fied form. 

7 — 8. Purity, constancy, self-r^straint* 
forgiveness, uprightness, absence of vanity, 
ostentation and egoism, abstention from 
fear, indifference to objects of senses, per- 
ception of misery and evil of birth, death 
decrepitude and disease, 

9. Freedom from attachment, absence of 
love for son, wife, home and the rest, 
and constant equanimity of heart in good 
and evil, 

10. Unswerving devotion to Me without 
meditation on anything else, frequenting of 
lonely places and hatred for concourse of 

1 1 . The firm knowledge of the relation 
between the great Self and the Individual 
Self, perception of the object of true know- 
ledge, — all this IS called Knowledge ; and 
afl that is contrary to thb is called Igno* 

12. I shall now declare to you that which 
is tlie object of knowledge, and knowing 
which one obtains immortality. It is the 
Supreme Brahmtt having no beginning, 
an<1 who is neither existent nor noo-exis- 

13. (It is the Supreme Brahma) whose 
hands r^nd feet are on all sides, whose eyes, 
heads and faces, are on all sides, who hears 
'^n all sides, who dwells pervading all in 
this world ; 

14. Who, being devoid of the senses, 
is possessed of all the qualities of the 
senses, who sustains ;ill things but has no 
.ntt;chment for any thing, who having no 
ai'iibutes, posiiesses all attributes, 

15. Who 1*= within and without all crea- 
tur:s, immobile and mobile, who is not 
knowahlc. on account of his subtlety, who 
is remote yet near ; 

16. Who, being undistribntcd m arty 
thing, remain as if distributed ?n every 
thing i who is the susUiner of all beings, 
and the destroyer and the creator of all ; 

17. Who is the light of all luminous 
bodies, who is beyond all darkness ; who 19 
knowledge, the object of knowledge and 
the end of knowledge ; who is seated in the 
hearts of all. 

18. Thus in brief Kshetra, Knowledge, 
and the object of knowledge are declared to 
you. Knowing all this. O my friend and 
devotee, attain to Voga (assimilation with 

19. Know that Prakriii and Purushif 
are both without beginnings; and know all 
modifications ((A matter) and all qualities 
(pleasure and pain &c.) spring from JPra* 
kriti (Nature). 

20. Prakrtti is the source of the work- 
ings of causes and effects. Prakrtti is 
the source of the capacity of C9)joying 
pleasures and pains. 

21. Self, dwelling in Natune (having 
a material body), enjoys the qualities that 
are born in Nature. The cause of the 
birth in good or in evil works is its connec- 
tion with such qualities. 

22. The Supreme Purusha m the (human) 
body is the surveyor, adviser, supporter, 
and enjoyer; he is the mighty Lord and 
Supreme Self. 

23. He who thus knows Prakrtti and 
Purusha with the qualities, in whatever 
State he may be, is never bom again. 

24. Some by meditation see the Self in 
his (own) self by tbis own) Self. Some 
again (see) by Sattkhya Yoga and some 
again by Karma Yoga. 

25. Others again worship Him, hearing 
of Him from others, although they do no^ 
know this (Mystery of Yoga.) Even these 
men, if devoted to what is heard of the true 
Knowledge, pass over death, (and.attain to 
final emancipation.) 

26. O best of the Bharata race, know 
whatever entity, movable and immovable, 
comes into existence, it is out of the con- 
nection of Kshetra and Kshetrnjna, 

27. He sees truly who sees the Supreme 
Lord alike in all beings and who sees the 
Imperishable in the perishable. 

28. For he who sees the Great Lord, 
dwelling alike in every thing and every 
where, does not destroy himelf by himself, 
and thus reaches the highest goal. 

26. He sees truly who sees all actions 
worked by Nature alone, and self i>ot to be 
the doer. 



30. When one sees the various entities 
existing in One, and the birth of every 
thine from that One, he is then said to 
attain to Brahma, 

31. This inexhaustible Supreme Self, O 
son of Kunti, without having beginnings and 
without having attributes, does not act at 
all. It is in no way stained, even when it 
remains in (human body.) 

32. As Space for its subtility — and as it 
is ubiquitous — is never tainted, so Self, 
stationed in every body, is never tainted. 

33. As the single sun, O Bharata, lierhts 
up all this entire world, so Purusha lights 
up the entire sphere of matters. 

34. Those who, by the eye of Knowledge, 
Itnow the distinction between Prakriti and 
Purusha, and the release from the nature 
6t all entities, attain to the Supreme." 


The Great one said :— 

1. "I shall again speak to you that 
ffreat Science of all Sciences, that excellent 
Science, knowing which all the Rishis have 
attained to the highest (and final) emanci- 
pation from this body. 

2. Resorting to this great Science, and 
thus attaining to My Nature, men have no 
more rebirths, not even at the time of a 
new Creation. They are not disturbed 
even at the dissolution of the universe. 

3. The Great Brahma is the womb in 
which I place the germ. Thence, O Bharata, 
take pUce the births of all beings. 

4. Whatever is born, O son of Kunti, of 
them is Brahma the womb, and I the seed- 
imparting Sire. 

5. Satya^ Raja and Tama, these three 
Qualities of Nature, O mighty-armed, bind 
down the Eternal Self in the body of 

6.^ Amongst the three, Satya, from its 
untainted nature, from its being enlighten - 
ingf, and as it is free from mysery, keeps the 
Self bound with the attachment of happiness 
and knowledge. 

7. Raja, having desire for its essence, is 
born of thirst and attachment ; therefore, 
O son of Kunti, it binds the embodied Self 
with the attachment of work. 

8. Tama is born of ignorance, and there- 
fore it deludes all embodied selves. O 
Bharata, it binds the Self with oiTor, in- 
dolence, and sleep. 

' 9. Satya unites the Self with pleasure, 
I Raja, with work ; but, O Bharata, Tama, 
' shadowing knowledge, binds Self with 

10. Satya remains if Raja and Tama are 
repressed ; Tama remains if Satya and 
Raja are repressed ; and, Oh Bharata, Rajd 
remains if Tama and Satya are repressed. 

11. When in this body knowledge 
pervades all, then should one know tl^tr 
Satya has been developed. 

12. When, O chief of Bharata*s race* 
avarice, activity, fondness of works, want of 
tranquillity, and desire, are born in this 
body, then should one know that Raja has 
been developed. 

13. When, O son of the Kuru race, 
gloom, inactivity, error, and delusion, are 
born in this body, then should one know- 
that Tama has b^n developed. 

14. When a man dies when his Satya, 
is developed, he goes to the sinless region 
of those that know the Supreme. 

15. Dying, when Raja prevails, he goes 
among those who are attached to works. 
Dying in Tama he is born in the womb 
that produces ignorant men. 

16. The fruit of Satva is good and un- 
tainted ; the fruit of I^aja is misery, and 
that of Tama is ignorance. 

17. From Satya is produced knowledge, 
from Raja avarice, and from Tama error, 
delusion and ignorance. 

18. Those that live in Satya go on high ; 
those that are addicted to Raja live in the 
middle ; and those that are of Tama, having 
the lowest quality, go down. 

19. When an observing min comes to 
know these three qualities to be the only 
agents of all works, and recognises Him 
who is beyond all qualities, he then attains 
to My Nature. 

20. The embodied self (man) by trans* 
cending three qualities, which are the 
sources of all bodies, attains immortality, 
being freed from birth, death, old age, 
decay and misery." 

Arjona said :— 

21. ** What are the characteristics, O 
Lord, of that man who has transcended 
the three qualities? What is] his conduct 7 
How can a man transcend these three 
qualities 7" 

The great One said :— 

22. "He who has no aversion for know- 
ledge, work or ignorance (the results of the 
three qualities) u hen they«re present, and 
he who does not desire them when they 



are absent, has transcended the three 

23. He, who remains all unconcerned, 
being not shaken by the three qualities, 
who sits and moves not, thinking that it is 
the qualities and not he, who is engaged 
in their functions, has trans ;ended the three 

24. He, to whom pain and pleasure are 
alike, who is self-restrained, to whom a sod of 
earth, a stone, a piece of gold, are all alike ; 
to whom agreeable and the disagreeable 
are the same, to whom praise and censure 
are alike, has transcended the three 

25. He, to whom honour and dishonour 
are the same, to whom friends and foes are 
alike ; who has discernment, and who h^s 
renounced all self -exertion, has transcended 
the three qualities. 

26. He who worships Me with exclusive 
devotion, transcends the three qualities a id 
becomes fit for admission into the nature of 

27. 'For, I am the embodiment of Brahma 
of immortality, of imperishability, of eternal 
piety and ever-continuing felicity." 


The great One said :— 

1. ** They say that the Aswattha tree with 
its roots above and branches below is (like 
the) eternal. Its leaves are the Chk'andas, 
He who knows it knows the Vedas, 

2. If? branches which are enlargfed by 
the qualities are stretched upwarrls and 
downwards ; its sprouts are the objects of 
senses. Its roots, leading to actions, are 
extended downward to this world of men. 

3-^4. Its form cannot be known in this 
world, nor its end, its beginning^, nor its 
support. Cutting this Aswattha of strong 
roots with a sharp weapon, one should seek 
for that place going whither none returns 
again. — resolving — "I shaH seek the protec- 
tion of that Primeval Sire from whom the 
original course of this worldy life has 

5. Those that are free from delusion 
and pride, that have subdued the evil of 
attachments, that are steady in contem- 
pjation of the relation of the Sujppeme to 
the individual S<?lf, .from whom desires 
have gone away, and. who is free from the 
pairs qf. oppo««Utego uudcluded to that 
eternat^seat. ' "^^ 

6. The Sun lights not that place, nor 
the Moon, nor the fire. Going there none 
returns, — thatjs my Supremre seat. 

7. An everlasting portion of Me (My 
Self), becoming an individual Self in this 
world, draws to itself the five senses with 
the mind as the sixth. They all depend 
on Nature. 

8. When (this Self) the king of the 
body, assumes or quits the body, it departs 
taking them away, as the wind takes away 
the fragrance. 

9. Presiding over the ear, the eye, the 
organs of touch, taste and smell, and the 
mind. It (the Self) enjoys all objects of 

10. Those that are deluded do not see 
It when It remains in the body, or when 
It quits it, when It enjoys, or when It is 
joined with qualities. But those see It 
who have the eye of knowledge. 

1 1. Devotees who are trying to attain to 
emancipation see It in their own bodies. 
But those tliat are senseless, and whose 
minds are not restrained, do not see It, 
although they too are trying for emancipa- 

12. The refulgence in the Sun which 
illuminates the vast universe, that which 
is in the Moon, and in the Fire, know It 
to be mine. 

13. Entering into the earth I uphold 
every thing by My Force, and becoming 
savoury Moon, I nourish all plants. 

14. Becoming the vital heat in the 
bodies of creatures, and mixing with the 
upward and downward breaths, 1 digest 
the four kinds of food. 

15. I am in the hearts of all. Memorv, 
and knowledge, and the loss of both, are all 
from Me, I am the objects of knowledge 
to be known from the Vedas. I am the 
author of the Vedantas, and again I alone 
am the object to be known of.the Vedas, 

16. There are two entities in this uni* 
verse, — namely the Perishable and the Im-? 
perishable. All creatures are the Perish- 
able, and the unconcerned One is the 

17. But there is another, namely the 
Supreme Being, called Paramatma, who 
being the everlasting Lord, and pervading 
the three worlds, sustains them. 

18. As I transcend the Perishable, and 
as I am hi^^her than even the Imperishable, 
I am celebrated in the world and sung 
in llic Vedas as Purushattama, 

19. He, who without being deluded, 
knows Me to be this Highest Being, O. 



Bharata, knowing all this, worships Me with 
all tlioughts. 

20. 1 have thus, O holy one, declared 
to you this knowledge, the greatest of all 
mysteries. Knowing this, O Bharaia, one 
becomes gifted with intelligence, and he has 
done all that he needs do/ 




The Great one said i— 

1. " Fearlessness, purity of heart, per- 
severmce, Yoga meditation, gifts, self- 
restraint, sacrifice, study of the Vedas, 
penances, uprightness, 

2. Non-doing of injury, truth, freedom 
from anger, renunciation, tranquillity, free- 
dom from fault-finding, compassbn for 
all, absence of covetousness, gentleness, 
modesty, absence of restlessness, - 

3. Vigour, forgiveness, firmness, cleanli- 
ness, absence of quarrelsomeness, freedom 
from vanity, — O Bharata, all these belong 
to him who is god-like. 

4. Hypocrisy, pride, conceit, wrath, 
rudeness, and ignorance, O Partha, belong 
to him who is demoniac. 

5. Godliness is considered to be the 
means for emancipation, and demoniacness 
for bondage of births. You need not 
grieve, O son of Pandu, for you are born 
to be god- like. 

6. There are two kinds of created 
beinefs in this world, namely God-ltke and 

7. The Godlike has been fully described 
by me. Now hear from me, Partha, some- 
thing of the demoniac. Persons of demo- 
niac nature know not what is action and 
what is inaction. Neither purity, nor good 
conduct, nor truth exists in them. 

8. The demoniac say, the' universe is 
void of truth, of a guiding principle and 
of a ruler. They say universe has been 
produced only by the union of one another, 
and by lust. 

9. Believing and depending on this, 
these men of lost self, of little intelligence, 
and of fearful deeds, these enemies of the 
world, are born for the destruction of the 
piety of the universe. 

10. Being endued with h)rpocrrsy, con- 
ceit and folly, and cherishing iHsatiable 
desires, they believe in false things, and 
perform sinful practices. 

11. Cherishing boundless thoughts,— 
thoughts which are limited b) death only, — - 
and considering the enjoyment of their 
desires as the highest aim of life,--iljey 
believe that this is all. 

12. Bound in hundred nooses of Hope, 
and addicted to lust and wrath,— tliey 
eagerly desire to possess unfair hoards of 
wealtli, so that they may gratify their 

13. This is obtained to- Hay by Me, — 
/ shall obtain this to-morrow,—/ have this 
wealth, — this wealth again will be mine in 
addition to what / already possess, — 

14. This enemy of wm^ has been killed 
by i/e, — / shall kill other enemies alsOj,— / 
am the lord, — / am the enjoyer, — / am 
successful, — I am powerful and happy,— 

15. /am wealthy, — / am nobly born, — 
who is there in this world as / am, — / shall 
sacrifice, — / shall make gifts, — I shall be 
merry, — (thus say the demoniac), deluded 
by ignorance. 

16. Tossed about by innumerable 
thoughts, enveloped by delusion, and attach- 
ed to the enjoyment of desires, these men 
sink into the lowliest hell. 

17. These men, being self-conceited, 
stubborn, and full of pride and intoxication 
of wealth, perform Sacrifices, that are no- 
minal, that rest on hypocrisy, and do not 
follow the prescribed rules. 

18. These "Yien. the servitors, being full 
of vanity, power, pride, lust and wrath, hate 
Me in their own bodies as well as in those of' 

19. These cruel haters of Me, these sinful, 
vilest men among men, are hurled continu- 
ally down by Me into demoniac wombs 
(to be demoniac in their next births). 

20. O son of ICunti, these men, taking 
birth's into demoniac womb, deluded birth 
after birth, go down to the vilest state. 

21. Threefold is the way to hell, ever 
ruinous to self, namely, luf^t, wrath and 
avarice. Therefore, one should, above all, 
renounce these three. 

22. Being freed from these three gates of 
darkness, O son of Kunti, a man works out 
his own good. He then reaches the highe';t 

28. He who renounces the ordinances of 
the Vedas, acts only under the impulse of 
desire. Such a man can never attain 
to perfection, happiness, or the highest 

24. Therefore, the Vedas should be your 
authority in determinirg what vou should Ho 
and what you sliould not do. It is your 



duty to work in this world, having ascer- 
tained what are the ordinances of the 




Aijuna said:— 

I. "What is the state, Krishna, of those 
that neglects the ordinance of the scriptures, 
and perform sacrifices with faith 7 Js it one 
of Saty a, Raja, or TamaV* 

The great one said :— 

. 2. "The faith of man is of three kinds. 
They are born according to his individual 
nature. They are also of Satya, Raja, 
and Tama. Hear what they are. 

3. The faith of man, O Bharata, is ac- 
cording to his own nature. A man 
may be full of faith, and as his faith is, 
so ht will be. 

4. Those who are of the 5aif^a quality 
worship the celestials ; those of Raj'a wor- 
ship Yakshas and Rakshas, and those of 
Tama do the same to departed spirits and 

5. Those who practise severe penances 
not ordained by tne Vedas, who are full of 
hjrpocrisy and pride, desire, attachment and 

6. Who has no discernment, but who 
totture their physical organs, thereby tor- 
turing M€ who seat within the body, should 
be known to be of demoniac nature. 

7. Food which is dear to all is also of 
three kinds. Sacrifice, penance, and gifts 
are also of three kinds. Hear from Me 
their distinction. 

8. The food that increases longivity, 
^^^■^y* strength, health, and well-being and 
joy, and which is savoury, indigenous, 
n*itritive and agreeable, is liked by men of 
Haiya nature. 

9. The food which is bitter, sour, salted, 
over-hot, pungent» dry and burning, and 
which produces pain, grief and disease, is 
desired by a man of Raj'a temperament. 

10. The food which is .cold, not savoury, 
stinky, corru^, filthy and a reJFuse, is liked 
by men of Tama. 

II. Satya Sacrifice is one^ which, being 
prescribed by the Shastras, is performed 
Dv a man who desires no fruit from it, and 
M im performs it by believing it to be only 
a fluty. 

n. But; O chief son of Bharata, Rajd 
Sacrifice is that which is performed in ex- 
pectation of receiving fruits from it £ind for 
ostentatious show. 

13. And Tama sacrifice is thkt Whicti i^ 
performed slgainst ttie ordinances of thti 
Shastras in wliich food is not dlstrlbutl^d, 
Mantras are not recited, fees are not paid 
to the assisting priests and which is voia of 


14. Reverence to Celestials, regenerate 
ones, preceptors, and learned men, , and 
purity, uprightness, the practices of a brah* 
macharit and abstention from injury, con- 
stitute the penance of body. 

15. The words that does not disturb iin^ 
body and which is a^eeabt^, true artd 
beneficial, [and the diligent sKidy of the 
Vedas, is the penance of speech. 

16. Serenity of mind, gentleness, taci- 
turnity, self-restraint, and purity <lf dispo- 
sition, constitute the penance of mind. 

17. Now Satya Penance is that in which 
this three-fold penance is performed with' 
perfect faith, witn devotion and without the 
desire for fruit. 

18. Raja Penance is that which is per- 
formed with hypocrisy for gaining respect, 
honour, and revenue, and which is unstable 
and transient. 

19. Tama Penance is that which is per- 
formed under a deluded belief, and with 
torture of ohe*s self, and for the destruction 
of another. 

30. Satya gift is that which is giyert be- 
cause it ought to be given ; it is given to 
one who cannot return it in any way ; it is* 
griven in a proper, place, at a proper time, 
and to a proper person. 

21. Raj'a gift is that which is given re- 
luctantly, for return of some sort of 
service or benefit, and with an eye to 

32. Tama gfift is that which is given with- 
out respect and with contempt to an un- 
worthy object in an improper place and at 
an improper time. 

23. Om, Tat, Sat, these are the three- 
fold designation of Brahma, The Brahma^ 
nas, the Vedas and the Ja%mas are all 
ordained in ancient time by Brahma. 

24. Therefore, uttering the syllable Om, 
all utterers of Brahma b^n their sacrifices, 
gifts and penances, as ordained in the 

25. Uttering Tat, the various sacrifices, 
gifts and penances are performed by those 
who desire emancipation, and who do it 
without expectation of fruit. 



26. Sat denotes existence and goodness, 
O Partha j it is M*Bd in any suspicious acts. 

27. Constancy in sacrifices, penanres 
and gifts is also called Sat. For its sake 
an act is also called Sat. 

28. Whatever oblation is offered in a 
sacrifice, whatever is given away, what- 
ever penance is performed, and whatever 
is done, if done without faith, is, O Partha, 
the opposite of Sat. It (opposite of Sat,) 
will do no jjood to the life in this world or 
hereafter in the next." 


Axjxma said:— 

1. ** O mighty-armed, I desire to know 
the true nature of Sanyasa (Renunciation) 
and Tyaga (Abandonment). O slayer of 
Keshi, 1 want to know them distinctly." 

The ipreat one said :— 

^, " Rejection of works with some desire 
Is known oy the learned as Sanyasa, But 
the abandonment of the desire for the fruit 
of all works, is called Tyaga, by the dis- 
cerning man. 

3. Some wise men sa^ that work itself 
should be abandoned considering it to be 
<^vrt ; others say that the works of sacrifice, 
gifts and penance should not be renounced. 

4. O best of Bharata's son, listen to my 
opinion about Tyaga^ for O powerful of men, 
lyaga is of three kinds. 

5. The works of sacrifice, gifts and 
penance should not be renounced. They 
should indeedjbe performed, for, sacrifices, 
gifts and penances are the means for the 
^rrfication of the wise. 

6. But ttiese works should be performed 
witfiout attachment and without the desire 
f6r fruit. Partha, this b my decided 

7. The Renunciation of work is not 
proper. It is the result of delusion and 
arises from Tama. 

8. When work is abandoned from l^odily 
fear and from the consideration of pain, such 
abandonment arises from Raja, and one who 
makes such abandonment never obtains the 
fruit of Tyaga. 

9. The abandonment of attachment and 
the fruit of actions which are performed, 
(because the^ are prescribed in the Shastras, 
O Arjuna, is considered to be of the quality 
of Satya, 

10. He, who ha«i such Tya^a^ beinjBf pos- 
sessed of intelligence and with doubts dis- 
pelled, has no aversion for an unpleasant 
action, and has no attachment for ple;isant 

11. Actions cannot be absolutely aban- 
doned by m;in ; therefore he, who abandons 
the fruit of actions, is a true Tyagee. 

12. Those, that do not abandon the de* 
sire for the fruit of actions, have after death 
threefold fruits, — good, bad and indifferent. 

13. Listen to me, O mighty-armed, (I 
shall declare to you) the five causes for the 
completion of actions, as told in the Sankhya 
which treats with the annihilation of actions. 

14. Substratum (body), Agent (mind), 
Organs (physical), Efforts (vital breaths), 
and Duties (senses), — these are the five 

15. With body, speech or mind, what- 
ever work, good or bad, a man performs^ 
these five are their causes. 

16. Such being the case, he who, owing 
to his uncultivated understanding and duU 
mind, sees his own self as the sole agent 
of all actions, sees nothing. 

17. He who has no egoism, and whose 
mind is not sullied, does not kill, — or fetter- 
ed by action, — if he kills all these people. 

18. Knowledge, the Object of Know«> 
ledge and the Knower, form the threefold 
impulse of action. Instrument, Action and 
Agent form the threefold complements 
of action. 

19. Knowledge, Action and Agent have 
threefold enumeration, according to the 
difference of qualities. Listen to them now. 

20. Satya Knowledge is that by which 
One Eternal Essence undivided in the di- 
vided is seen in all things. 

21. <^2/^ Knowledge is that which sees 
various Essences of different things, on 
account of their separateness. 

22. Tama Knowledge is that which sees 
each single object as if it were the whole, 
which is without reason, and without truth, 
and which is mean and low. 

^ 23. Satya Action is that which is pres- 
cibed in the Skastras, which is performed 
without attachment, desire or aversion, and 
without the desire for any fruit by the per- 

24. Raja Action is that which is attend- 
ed with great trouble and which is perform- 
ed by one who desires for the fruit of action, 
and who is filled with egoism. 

25. Tama Action is that which is per- 
formed from delusion, without regard to 



consequences, and with one*s own loss and 
injury as well as of others. 

26. Satya Agent is he who is free from 
attachment, and egoism, who is full of cons- 
tancy and energy, and who is unmoved 
Jboth in success and failure. 

27. Raja Agent is he who is full of affec- 
tions, who desires for tlie fruit of actions, 
who is covetous, cruel and impure, and 
feels both joy and soi row. 

28. Tama A.:^ent is he who is void of 
application, who is without discernment, 
who is obstinate, deceitful malicious, idle, 
desponding, and procrastinating. 

29. Listen to the three- fold division of 
intellect and constancy* O Dhananjaya, 
I shall exhaustively and distinctly speak to 
you on this matter. 

30. Satya Intellect, O Partha, is that 
which knows action and in iction, what 
out'ht to be done and what ought not to be 
done, and which knows fear and fearful- 
ness, bondage and deliverance. 

31. Raja Intellect, O Parlha, is that by 
which one imperfectly discerns right and 
wrong, and what ought to be done and 
what ought not to be done. 

32. Tama Intellect, O Partha, is that by 
which, being one covered by ignorance, con- 
siders wrong to be right, and sees all things 
in a reverse state. 

33. Saiya Constancy, O Partha, is that 
by which through devotion one controls the 
function of the mind, the life-breaths and 
the senses. 

34. Raja Constancy, O Partha, is that 
by which through attachment one. holds to 
religion, and profit, wishing for fruit. 

35. Tama Constancy, O Partha, is that 
through which undiscerning person does not 
ab;iitdons sleep, fear, sorrow, dependency 
and folly. 

1^6 — 37. Now hear from Me^ O best of 
' Bharata race, what are the three kinds of 
Imppiness. Satya Happiness is that in whicl; 
one finds pleasure from repetition of enjoy- 
ment, which brings an end to all pain, 
whkh is like poison in the beginning, but 
ambrosia afterwards, which is born out of 
tercnily, and is produced by knowledge. 

38. Raja Happiness is that which arises 
from the contact of the senses with their 
objects, and which resembles ambrosia in 
the beginning and poison next. 

39. Tama Happiness is that which de- 
ludes the self in the beginning and in its 
const quences, and which arit^es from sleep, 

ndcknce and foolishness. 

40. There is none, cither amori^ iU^ 
beings on earth or among he- celestials in 
heaven, which is free from these three 
qualities born of Nature. 

41. O chastiser of foes, the duties of 
Brahmanas, Kshatryas, Vaisyas, and Sudras 
are each distinguished by these three quar 
lities, born of nature. 

42. Tranquillity, self restraint, penairce* 
purity, forgiveness, rectitude, knowledge, 
experience and faith, these are the distinct^ 
ive features of a Brahmana. 

43. Bravery, energy, firmness, skill, firm- 
ness in battle, liberality, majesty, — these 
are distinctive features of a Kshatrya. 

44. Agriculture, tending of cattle, and 
trade, — these are the duties of a Vaisya. 
The natural duty of a Sudra is service. . 

45. Every man, if he engages in his own 
natural duty, attains to perfection. H«ar, 
how man attains to perfection by performing 
his own natural duties. 

46. Worshiping Him, from whom are 
the life of beings, and by whom all the 
universe is pervaded, by the performance of 
his own duty man is sure to attain to per- 

47. Better is one's own duty, though pecr 
formed imperfectly, than another's duty 
well-performed. Man incurs no sin hy per- 
forming his duty pi*cscribed by Nature. 

48. Man must not, O son of Kunti, 
abandon his natural duties, however bad 
they might be — for all actions are enve- 
loped by error as fire by smoke. 

49. He whose mind is unattached to any 
thing, who has subdued his self, and whose 
desire is gone, through Sanyasat obtains 
the supreme perfection of freedom front 

50. Learn in brief, O son of Kuntiy 
how a man, obtaining perfection, attains to 
Brahma t the Supreme knd of Knowledge. 

51. Having a pure mind, restraining his 
sell by constancy, renouncing all objects of 
sense, and casting off affection and aver- 

52. He who resides in a lonely placer eat;? 
little, restrains his speech, body and mind,, 
who is ever intent on meditation and abs- 
traction, who 16 unconcerned, 

53. Who is free from egoism, violence^ 
pride, lust, wrath, surroundings, who i$ 
devoid of selfishness and is tranquil, be- 
comes fit for assimilation wiih Brahma* 

54. Becoming one with Brahma, and ob- 
taining tranquillity in spirit, man grieves not 
and desires not. Seeing all bemgs aUke| 
he obtains the highest devotion to Me, 



JJ. By devotion he truly knows Me, truly 
What I am and who I am. Then knowing Me 
truly» he forthwith enters into Me. 

50. Even^performing ;«ll actions at all 
times, such a man, having his refuge in Me, 
obtains through My favour that state which 
is eternal and imperishable. 

57. Mentally dedicating all actions to 
Me, retertine to mental abstraction, being 
devoted to Me, fix your thoughts constantly 
on Me. 

58. Fixing your thoughts on Me, you will 
surmount all difHculties through My favour. 
But if from self-conceit you do not listen 
to Me, you will surely perish. 

59* If out of self«conceit you think ** I 
win not fight," — Your this resolution will be 
in vain, for surely will Nature rule you. 

60. Bound by your own Duty, ordained 
by Nature, you will involuntarily do that, 
which, out of delusion, you do not wish 
to do. 

61. The Lord, O Arjuna, as if mounted 
on a machine, sits in the heart of all 
beings, turning them as He pleases by His 
illusive power. 

63. O Bharata, seek shelter under Him 
in every way. By his favour, you will get 
Supreme Peace and the Eternal Seat. 

63. I hAve thus declared to you the 
knowledge wiiidi is more mysterious than 
any other mystery. Reflect on it fully, and 
then act as you like. 

64. Once more hear My supernatural 
wijrds, the most mysterious mystery of aH. 
Y<m are very dear to Me ; thereforer I tell 
you what is good for you. 

65. Fix your heart on Me, become My 
devotee, sacrifice to Me. bow down to Me,-^ 
you will then come to Me. I tell you the 
truth, for you are very dear to Me. 

66. Forsaking all religious duties, come 
to Me# — come to Me as thy soie refuge. I 
shall deliver you (rum all your sins. Do not 

67. This knowledge that I have told you 
must not be declared by you to one wlto 
does not practise penances, who is not a de* 
votee, who never waits on a preceptor, and 
who always culminates Me. 

68* He, who will inculcate this supreme 
knowle^e to those who are devoted to 
Me, oflrering Me his highest devotion, 
being freed from all doubts, will come to 

69. Amongst men none can be dearer to 
Me ttwin such a man. None on earth can 
do Me greater service al^ tk^n he. 

70. ^ And he, who will study thi^ hoi v don* 
versation between us, will offer to Me th^ 
sacrifice of Knowledge. Thb is my opi« 

71. Even he, who, with faith and witho'it 
evil, will hear it, being freed from 
(the bond of births), will obtain the blessed 
seat of those that perform pious acts. 

72. Have you heard,0 Partha, tli!^ know- 
ledge with mind undirected to any otl.e- ob- 
ject 7 Has, O Dhananjaya, your delusion, 
caused by ignorance, been destroyed V 

Axjuna said :— 

73. "O undecaying One, through yrw ir 
favour my delusion is gi>ue, I now know wliat 
I am. I ^m now firm. My doubU have 
been dispeiii'J. I will obey you. 1 will da 
thy bidding." 

Sanjaya said ■— 

74. O king, I heard this wonderful anc^ 
hair-stirring words of Vasudeva and Par- 

75. Through the favour of Vyasa, I my«' 
sell heard this mysterious, ereat and be.^c 
words from Hie \ccy lips of the Lord of 
Voga, Srikrtshna. 

76. O king, I am feeling more an^f 
more pleasure as much as I am remembci - 
ing the holy and wonderful word«j ot^tween 
Srikrishna and Arjuna. 

77. O king, I am feeling more aid m^-^re^ 
pleasure as much as I am remembjung itie 
wonderful manifestation of Srikrishna. 

j*8. Wherever enist the Lord of Yoga S m 
krishna and the great bowman A*«in->. 
there certainly do wcaUli/vktory and ^ lory. 

Thuf 4nds the /arty •second chapter, the 
conversaiioH between Krhhna and Arjuni^ 
in the Bhagatfa^Gita o/the Bhuma Parifa, 



1. Seeing Dhananjaya (Arjuna) take up 
once again his Gandiva and arrows, the 
great car-warriors (of the Pandava army) 
sent up a tremendous shout. 

3. Those heroes, the pandavas, and tho 
Somakas, and those that followed them, blevv 
their sea-born conchs in great delight. 

3. Drums and Ai«f ^nd fCrakachassktid 
cow-horns were beat and blown together and 
the uproar made was very loud. 



4. O ruljr ^ m<Bn, thep thtf^ ^amfi the 
ce|estiai«, tn^ Ganc/riaryas^ the Pitris, ihp 
Sicirihas and the Charana^ with liie desire of 
witnessing (the battle). 

5. The highly bre?s^ /?»5^t5 came there 
in a body with Satakratu (Indra) at tiieir 
head, so that the> mi^))t see t)ie grca^ sU- 

6?— 8. O king, feeing: the two armies, 
which resembled two oceans, ready fpr the 
battle and marching continually forward, the 
brave king Yudhisthira, Dharmaraja, put off 
his armour and cast aside his excellent 
weapons. Tlien soon ali^htins fmni his 
chariot, he proceeded wuh joined hands, and 
with restrained speech towards the direction 
where the hostile host stood looking at th^ 
grand father and facing the east. 

9. Seeing him proceed, the son Qf Knnti, 
Dhananjiiya, soon ali^^hted fromliis c^r and 
followed him accompanied' by ' all bb 

10. The lord Vasudeva als6 fallowed him. 
The chief kin^s also (of Yudhisthira's araay) 
followed him m gre<fl anxiety. 

Aqima sa^ •— 

11. *'0 king, what is this you are doing 
M^it abandoning u^ y^u proceed on foot, face 
eastwards to the enemy's arnri'y." 

Bhima said :— 

12. *'0 great king, whcrp are ypp going, 
O ruler of earth,* putting aside i'o'urVirnionr 
anri weapons, yoa 'go rowardi the enemy's 
warriors clnl in armbur, thus abandoning 
}«our brothers. 

Katola sj^id :— 

1 3. O descendant of Bharata, you are my 
t\d( .t broiJier. Fear tronhUts my lieart on 
at w ' .nt of your I his proceeding (towarda the 
en my f : Tell us where yo^ af^S'going:. 

Sahadeva 8aid:-r, 

14. O kinpf, when these hostile troops, 
both a<id .'t«irrit>h5, stand hereto 
fitfht with us, where do you go to their 

Sanjiya said*— 

15. O descendant of Kuru, though he 
was thus addressed by his Brothers, yet he 
continued to prckreed without uttenng a 
word. * ' ' ' ■ ' ' ' 

16. To them then the high-souled and 
the greatly wise Vasudeva thus smilin^y 
spoke '* His itaention is knov.n to me.**" 

17. Havinjj <fifst).paid his respect^ to ^11 
X]w. Gurus t such as Bhisma, Drona', l^ripa 
Hiid Salya, lie will Rght, will) tUc eiip^y. 

i9-Tti« It if heard iu tbc aid hi$i0ry 
that he, who, haying paijl his ^espv^t^ Whp 
reverend preceptors and relatives, acpordif^ 
to the ShnsfraSt fights with those that are 
his S'jptTi'H, is certain to win v ctory in 
battlie. Thi*; is my opinion. When fCrishfia 
was saying this, a loud uproar of " Alas ** 
and •* Oh '* rose in the rank? of the troops 
of Dhritarashtra's son ; but the ottiers 
remained cjuiet. Seeing Yudhithtlnni, ihk 
heroic warriors of Dliriiarashtra's son thua 
talked amongst themselves, *• This . M\am 
is an infampqs wretch of his rac^. It is 
apparent (h^t this king is coming, ii^ ter-r 
ror to piiis^.i^ 

22—24. YudhiBht^ira with dis brothers 
jias becom^ a seeker ijft^r I^hif^nci^'^ pr<^ec« 
iion. When uliamnjaya is prnte<;tor a»l 
the fons, of P^^ndn. Vril^od^ra to^ima), N^i 
knla and Sahadeva. wKy does this Pandava 
(Yudhishthira) c6me (to Bhismii) in Mtr^ 
Thougli celebrated in the world, this, one 
could never have been born in the KshatHyi 
order, for he is weak and his heart is filled 
with fear of battle.'* Then those warnors 
ail praised the Kurus. 

25 — 27. Becoming greatly pli^ii^d, all ql 
them waved their garments with cheeKul 
hearts, O king, all the warriors then blamed 
Yudhiikthira with his brothers along wttH 
Keshava (Kiishna). O king, then the Kuru 
anny crying shame to Yudhisthira again 
became quiet. What will this king say? 
Wha^ will Bhisma say in reply 7 

a8 — 30. What will Bhima who is ever 
bpastfiilof Ihs prowessiii> battle and what 
Ivf i^hna and Arjun4 say ? Wliat has 
Yudhfsthira to S'*y 7 O, great king, th^ 
! curiosity of both the ar.mi^s in respect of 
Yudhisthira was great. (In the mean time) 
the king entered- the hostile army ivAl of 
arroJh* and dans. He then quicklv pro^ 
ceeded towards Bhisma, surroundecl by hi^ 
brotiiers. Sei^i^ig his feet with his two 
hands, the king (Yudhisthira), the son of 
Pandu, tlien thus spoke to Bhisma, the son 
of Sltantanii, who was then ready for battle. * 

Yudhisthira said :— 

3t. O invincible one, I bow to you. We 
shaH f^ght with you. Crant us your permis* 
sion ; give us your blessings. 

Bhisma said :— 

32. O ruler of eartK» O great ,king|( O 
descendant of Bl^arata, if you had not coin^ 
to me in this battle, I would have cursc^d you 
for bringing about your defeat. 

33. O son, I am pleased with you. Q 
<ion of Pandu, fight and obtain vicU»Qr« 
Wiiatever else you have desired to obfat^a 
get them all in this battle.^ 



3#. O Ml of Priiha, ask fbr a bodfi which 
vou deskie to gdu O grks%% king, if it so 
happens. thoN defeic arfti nai be yours. 

^. O king, a man is the slave of wealth/ 
but wealth is no one's slave. This is very 
M^de. ram*bJ)und to the kurus by Ufealth. 

3/i. O descendant of Kuru, it is for this t 
am, like a eunuch, uttering these words that 
I am bound to the Kurus by we^h. Exc^t 
t>attle, — What do you desire T 

3^1 O greatly wi*e bhe, desiring my 
wdfare from day to day look after my 
interests, fight for tlie sake of the Kurus, — 
Chis is* my prayer. 

Bhisma said :— 

38. O king, O descendant of Kuni, what 
<^i»'l do for'vob. r shall of cotirse F^ht on 
heha]£of yo^r enemies. Teli'me what can 
f do for youT 

TiAUliiifliira said:— 

f^; O sire, Ibow to )ou, I asU you (t^ll 
how we shaCl be able' to vanquiih ^ou. 
who are invincible. Tell me this, it is for 
my, benefit^r^f you see gify good in it. 

9hiaBi^ said:-* 

40. O son of Kunti,: i do not see the 
person who, — even if he be t4ie lord of the 
celestials — can defeat me in battle when I 

TudMitMra s^id :— . 

41. O ^randfatiier, I bow to you. I 
ask you.— tell us how your death might be 
caused -by your eneiny. 

Bhisma said:—* 

42. O sire, I do not find ^kc man who can 
defeat nte in batde. The time'lbr ray de^th 
is not yet come. (On some future occasion) 
come to me. 

ftiiijajrik s^id'— 

43. O descendant of Kuru, Yudhisthira 
tlien once more, sa]uted him and accepted 
his words with bent head. 

44. That mighty-armed hero snrrmmdcd 
tly hiy brother tl>en went towards the chariot 
•I tlie. preceptor (Orona) through the lines 
^ soldiers who all looked at him. 

45. Then bowing down to Drona and 
walking round him, he spoke these words 
to that invincible hero, — words beneficial to 

TftdMsihira said:-- 

461. 'O invfnptble hero, I ask you, (teH 
mc) how I may fight without inciinriiig -any 

siri. ahd'hoW, O Brtltttmra, with >bur pdr- 
miislon I may vanquisH all myenemief'. 

Brona said:— 

47. O king*, if, having resolvetl to f^gfit,' 
you failed to have dome to me^ L' woUld have 
cursed you for bringing about your defeat. 

48; O Yudhistltira, Of sinless one, I an< 
now pleased and honoured by you. [ givi^ 
you permission. Fight and ^rt victory.' 

49. I shall also fulfil your desire. Tell 
me what you have to ^ay. Battle excepteda 
tell me what you desire to get. 

50. A man is the slave of wealth j bu^ 
wealth is the slave of none. O king, this ii 
a great truth, I am bound to the Hurusby 
their wealth. 

51. I > is for this like a eunuch I atH 
telling you the follovvincf — *' Battle ex'-epiedj 
what \io you wish to get. 7" I shall fight ou 
behalf of the Kurus ; but'I shall pray fcNr 
your victory. 

TudMatixiTa said :— 

52. O Brahmana, pray for my victory 
and advi«e me what is good to me. Fij^iU 
for the Kurus. This is the boon 1 ask frotit 

Droxxa said:— 

53. O kin}?, victory is eertatn to yoo,-<- 
who have Krishna as your cofunsellor. I wish 
iitat you will defeat your enemy in this 

54. Where there is righteousness thero 
Is Krishna. Where there ' is Krishna, vic- 
tory is certain to be there. O son of Kunti, 
^o and fight. Ask me, what sliali I speak 
to you ? 

Yudhisthira said :— 

55. O foremost of Brahmanas, I ask you, 
hear what t have to say. How shall we ia 
battle defeat you who are invincible f 

Drona said :— 

56/ As long as I fight, so long victory 
cannot be yours. O king, therefore with the 
help of your brothers tiy to kill me soon. 

Yudhisthira said :— 

57. O mit^hty-armcd one, tell us the 
means of your death. O preceptor, prostra- 
ting myself to your feet 1 ask you this. I 
bow to you. 

Drona said : — 

58. O son, I cannot see such an anta- 
gonist who may kill me when I stand iix 
battle, when 1 fight with my anger exched 
and . when ' I scatter incessantly shd^er uf 
arrows. - . 



. 59. O Mng, except when I shall be 
prepared for death, having abandoned my 
arms and withdrawing myself from all 
surrounding sights, none will be able ta 
kill me. What I tell you is true. 

60. I tell you also that having heard 
something very disagreeable from some 
creditable source, I- wiu abandon my^ arms 
in the battle. 

Sa^jaya said :— 

61. O king, having heard these words 
of the wise son of Bharadwaja and also 
having honoured the preceptor, he (Yudhis- 
thira) went towards the son of Saradwata 

62. Bowing down to Kripa and walking 
round him, O king, Yudhisthira, accom- 
plished in speech, thus spoke to that greatly 
Drave warrior. 

Yndhisthira said :— 

^. "O preceptor, with your pennission 
I will 6^1)1 without incurring sin, O sinless 
one, if 1 get your permission, I shall (cer- 
tainly) defeat my eiicmy. *' 

iKripa said :— 

64. ''If having resolved to fight, you 
failed to have come to me, I would have 
cursed you, O king, for bringing about 
your defeat. ■ 

65. A man is the slave of wealth, but 
^K^alth is the sbve of none. O king, this 
is the truth. I am bound to the Kurus by 

66. O king, I must fight for them. I 
therefore sp^alc like a eunuch in telling yon, 
"Battle excepted, what do you desire to 
get ?" 

Tudhisthira said:— 

67. O preceptor, I ask you therefore, 
listen to me. 

Sanjaya said :— 

Saying this, the king bjBcame greatly 
agitated. Being deprived of his sense, 
he stood silent. 


6S* Knowing however what he desired 
to say* the <>on of Gautama (Kripa) thus 
spoke to him, ''O king, I am incapable of 
being killed. Fight and win victory. 

- 65. I am pleased by your coming. O 
king, rising every day (from my bed;, 1 
shall pray for your victory. 1 tri;Uy speak 
this to you. 

70. O king, having heard these words 
of Gautama (Kripa) and after Having paid 
jhim due respect, the king went to the place 
Where the Madra king was. 

7 1 . Bowing to Salya and walking rottnd 
him, the king spoke to that invmciUewar-: 
rior these words beneficial to him. : 

Yudhistliira said :— 

72. O invincible hero, if I ^ght. Hvith 
your permission, I will not incur sin. With 
your permission 1 shall defeat my enemies. 

Salya said :— 

73. If having resolved to fight, O kinjf, 
vou failed to nave* come to me« 1 would 
have then cursed you for bringing about 
your defeat. 

74. 1 am very much pleased with jrou. 
lam much honoured by you. Let it be 
as you desire, I give you permission, fight 
and win victory. 

75. O hero, speak, what do you want 7 
What shall I give you. O king, battle 
excepted, what do you desire to get ? 

76. \ man is the slave of wealth, but 
wealth is the slave of none. O king, this 
is the truth. I am bound to the Kurus by. 

77. O nephew, it is for this I am speak- 
ing to you like a eunuch. I shall do as 
you desire. Battle excepted, what do you 
wish to get 7 

Tndhisthira said :— 

78. O king, think daily of what is bene- 
BciaT to me. Fight as you please with the 
foes. This is the boon I ask from you' 

Salya said :— 

79. O fire of kings, in the present cir- 
cumstance Hhat help can I render to you 7 
I shall of course light on behalf of your 
enemy, for I have been made one of their 
party by the Kurus with their wealth. 

Yudhistliira said :— 

80. O Salya, this was the boon I asked 
during the preparations for this battle. The 
prowess of the Suta's son (Ksrne) should 
be weakened by you in battle. 

Salya said :-* 

81. O Yudhisthira, O son of Kunti. 
your this desire will be fulfilled. Go, fight 
as you please. 1 shall pray foi you^ 

Sanjaya said:— , , , 

82. Having received the permission dl 
his maternal uncle (Salya). the king^ of the 
Madra, the son of Kunii ^Yudhisthira), sur- 
rounded by his brothers, came ouf of the 
vast (Ktiru) army. 



'63. VastidevJi (KHshna) then went to 

l^adfia's son (Kama) on the field of battle. 

For the sake of. the Pandava^, .the eldest 

•brother of Qada, then, iHus spoke to Kama ; 

,84-. yO Kama, I have heard that from 
the hatred you bear for Biiisma you will 
not fight. O son of Radha, come to our 
side, so long Bhisma is not killed. 

85. O son of Radiia, when Bhisma will 
be killed, you may come back and fight on 
Puryodhana's side, if you have no parti* 
cular leaning for any party. 

Karna said:— 

86. O Keshava, I shall not do anything 
that is disagreeable to Dhritarashtra's son 
(Duryodhana), 1 am ever devoted to him, 
know, that my life has been cast off for 

Sa]\jaya said :— 

87. Having heard these wordf, Krishna 
stopped, O descendant of Bharata, he then 
returned to the Pandavas headed by Yu- 

88. Then, in the midst of all the warriors, 
the eldest Pandava thus loudly exclaimed 
"He, who will choose us, will be Considered 
by us as our ally." 

89. Thereupon Yuyiitsu thus spoke with 
a cheerful heart to the son of Kunti, Dhar- 
maraja Yudhisthira. 

90. 1 shall fight under you in this battle, 
O sinless one. I shall fight on yojur side, if 
you accept me. 

Tndhisthira said '•— 

91. Come, come, all of us will fight with 
your fooHsh brothers. O Yuyutsu, both 
Vasudeva and all of us say. 

22. "I accept you, O mighty-armed hero, 
ff^ht for my cause. It appears the thread of 
Dhriurashtra's line, as well as his funeral 
cake, will rest on yom 

93. O prince,. O effulgent ont, accept us 
that accept you-,-' the wrathfQ^ and foolish 
Duryodhana will not live. 

BugafS^ said :— 

94. Then abandbning the Kurus, your 
|Mii Yuyutsu, went over to the army of the 
Mfidavas with the beat of drums and cym« 

95^-96* Those foremost of men then all 
ascended their respective chariots. They 
placed their troops in battle-array. 

97* They ordered thousands of drums 
and cymbais to be played, Those foremost 
of* ^iitHi 'themselves also sent up lion-like 

98. Seeing those foremost of men, the 
Pandavas, seated on their cars, the kings 
with Dhri«htadyunina and others once more 

sent lip shouts of joy. 


99. Seeing the nobleness of the Panda- 
vas, who had paid dne honour to those that 
deserved it, all the kings highly praised 

100. They talked amonjjst themselves 
about the friendship, compassion and kind- 
ness to kinsmen displayed on every occa* 
sion by those high-minded men. 

loi. "Excellent" — Excellent" — were the 
words shouted everywliere. Eulogistic 
hymns for those illustrious men were chaun- 
ted by all. The minds and hearts of every 
one were attracted towards them. 

X03. Both the Aryas and the MIechhas 
that saw or heard 01 this conduct of -the 
Pandavas all wept with their voice choked 
with tears. 

103. Those greatly powerful also ordered 
hun<ired<; and hundreds of large drums and 
Puskkuras to be sounded and thousands 
and thoiis;4ndsof conchs nil as white as the 
miik of the cows to be loudly blown. 

Thus ends the foriy third chapter ^ going 
t0 Bhisma €fc, in the Bhismavadha ^ th€ 
Bhisma Parva, 

C H A P T E R X L 1 V. 

Dhritarashtra said :— 

1. When the troops of my side and those 
of the foe were thiw pbced in battle-array, 
who struck first, the Kurus or the Panda* 

Saiyaya said :■— 

2. Having heard the words of his brofher, 
your son Dusliasana advanced with his 
foices with Bhisma at their head. 

3. Desiring to fight with Bhisma, the] 
Pandavas cheerfully advanced with Bhima- 
sena at their head. 

4 — 5. Thereupon lion -I ike roars, clamo-,* 
rous shouts, the noise of /Crakachas, the 
blare of cow-horns and the sounds of 
drum, cymbals and tabors arose in both the' 
armies. The soldiers of the enemy rushed 
upon us and we also rushed upon them wtth^ 
loud shouts. , 

6. -The vast armies of the KurUs and the' 
Pandavas shook in that fearful and bloody 
battle by the sounds of conchs and cymbals, , 
as a forest is shaken by the wind. 


7. The ereat noisetiniid^ by those troops | through th^air liKt 
consisting' of kings, elephants and horses, sky. 
i:u>hlnf^ upon one another in an evil hour» 
was hke trat of tito oce^ti in a tempest. 

8. WviCa tii u loud »ind hair-^tirrinof 
noi c ro «*. ihe mig ity E>u;iinas£iia roared 

hi^c a bnU. 

Mm tile' 

9. Bhimasena's roirs rose above tHe 
sounds of coneys and drums, the roarings 
o^f elephants and the lion -like shouts of the 

10. The shontt of Bhimasena drowned 
the neighings o^ thousands of horses in both 
t!ie armi^is. 

11. Hearing those shouts of Bhimasena 
whose Darings rr^sembled that of the clouds 
and the report of tl)e thunder, your soldiers 
%Vere fiUed with fear., 

TB. Hearing those- roars of that hero 
(Bhin-i^), the horses and t-^e cicpliants (of 
bot.i lhear;iKjs> ejected urine and excreta, 
a^ other animals d^^ at the roars of the 

13; Roaring like- a deep mnss of clouds 
avid a«<uiming a feirful appearance, that 
])ero u *tfd your sons wkh groat alarm and 
xk^ rusiied' upon them. 

' 14-^174 Then all the brothers^ your sons 
Duiyodhanr, Durmukha, Durshah^, that 
gi . it CAT-warrior Dush?»shana, Durmar- 
shana, Vivinusali, Chiirasena, the great 
cnr-warrior Vikarn.i and also Purumitra, 
jnya, Bhoj i, the brave son of Suniadatta, — 
all these heioes, sh.»king their bows which 
lool>ed like so many tnasses of clouds charg- 
ed *witli flas)»es of lightning, and tnkini; out 
long arrows looking like soni my <n;ikes that 
have cast off their sloughs, surrounded that 
grent bowman (Bhima) and covered him with 
a shower of arrows, as clouds cover the 

18 — 19. The sons of Draupadi, the great 
car-warrior (Abhimanyu) son of Subhadra, 
Nakula and Sahadeva, Dhrishtadyumna, 
the son of Prishata, all rushed against the 
waniors of Dhritarashtra's son and tore 
them asunder with sharp arrows as the 
summits of mountains are broken down by 
the thunder-bolt. 

20. In that first encounter that resound- 
ed with the terrible twang of the bow and 
fftppings pf the leathern fenccs,none of your 
parly or. of th^t of. the enemy turned them 

21. O best of the Bharata race, O king, 
I'saw the Ughffless of hands of the disciples 
of Drona who shot countless arrows and 
always succeedied in hitting tlie marks. 

32. The twang of the bows did not stop 
l6r a monleut.i^)0 the blai^g arrows Sbati^ 

23. O descendant of Bharata, alt tfia 
kin^s stood like spectators and saw the 
interesting and awful b&ttle' bet«re^ 


24. O king.then those (i^reat car-)fai*riQfb«* 
remembering the great mjuries they haci 
suffered, cliallenged one anothfef ih' ai^^r 
and tried their utmost (to win victo^ry^; 

25. The two armies of the Ruru^ aa^^ 
the PandHvas, full Of elephantis, horses 
and cars, looked exceeding^ly bea^tiM- oV 
the field of battle, like painted figures on 


26. Then all the. kings ^ook up thWr 
bows. The sun was covenedf by* the du«tl 
raised by the combatants. 

27 — 30. Under the comfiiftnd of your 
son, they rushed upon iih^Lermaa^' Aif tht* 
liead of their respective troops. Fearful 
was the uproar made by the elephaol^ 
and horses of the kings rushing to the« 
charge, mingled with the lion-like shouts> 
ot lite waniors and the din made by the 
sounds of conchs and ^ktims. The uproar, 
of that ocean (the battle fief^), which had 
arrows for its crocodiles,bows for its snakes,j 
.<words for its tortoises and the forward 
leaps of the warriors for its tempest, looAced 
like a real ocean agitated by a tempestf 
Thousands of kingd commanded by Yudhis*' 
thira attacked the ranks of your spn with 
their respective troops. 

31—32. While fighting, or retreating; olf 
raliyitig again, neither the men of our side 
nor those of the enemy's oould be disUn*- 
guished. But your father (Bhisma) shone 
transcending all that countless host ia that 
fearful and terrible battle. 

Thus ends ths forty'fpurth chapter, th9 
commencement of the bmttle, in the Bhism^^' 
vadha of the Bhisma Parva^ 





1. O king, in the ~ mornmg d that awf ti^ 
day commenced the fearful batfte that 
mangled the bodies of so many kings. 

2. Desiring victory in battle, t)le lotid 
shouts that the Kurus and the* Srifijaya!^ 
made, resemblingi . thoset of so many lions^ 
caused the earth and the sky to be resaun« 

3. A tremendous uproar was heard 
mingled with the flappings of tlie leajii^ra 



fToars rose from 9if|i ^iMmUng at oii« 

4. O best p| t)i9 ©harala race, the 
tYf^g of the bow-strings, the Iveavy tread 
of iniaiUry, the furious neighing of horsesi 

§. The falling of sticks and iron hooks, 
the clash of weapons, the jingle of hells 
round the necks of elephants rushing upon 
one anot^r, 

6. The dnttcr of the wheels of cars 
that resembled the roars of cloiids,-<iIl 
tliese mingled together, — produced a hair- 
wArring uproar. 

l^ All the Kuru warriors, reckless of 
fh^rtr lives, w^th cruel intentions, rushed 
upon the Pandavas with their standards 

8. O kiag, taking up a fearful bow that 
reserofa»lec) tne rod of death himself, the 
s^n of Shantanu, Bhisma^, rushed upon 
Ij>h^^^n}aya (Arjqna) on the field of battle. 

9^ Tlie greatly powerful Arjuna aIso» 
al^tng up the bow. Gandiva whicli is cele- 
brated aU oyer the world, rushed upon the 
son of Ganga (Bhisnia) on the 6eld of 

10. Broth! those twa. foremost heroes of 
the Kuru. race desired tp kill each other. 
I^hough the mighty son of Ganga pierced 
f^artMi with his arro«(9«, yet he cpuM ru>t 
make him wayer. 

U» O kingt that son of Pandu (Arjuoa> 
stoo 09Nld in)l nyike Ehisma waver in battle. 
The great bowman Satyaki rushed agaiikst^ 

1^14. The fight between these two (heroes) 
was' elxtremely fearful and hairr-stiring. 
Satyaki wounded Kritavarmana and Krita« 
^tecmana woundod Satyaki with loud shouts 
and tbus they weakened each other. Pierced 
all.oveiL thCi bpdyi with arrows, those two 
ereat warriors shone like two blossoniing' 
Ijf^fff^J^^whtn they are adorned with flowers 
tf\.i^rj^., Ine gre^t bowman Abhimainyu. 
(oyig;f\iy^\ih Vrjh^dvalfi. 

15. O* king, the ruli^r of Kosalst, soon, 
t|i that; battle, cut oft' this stamlard and 
ajr,erthr;^w. ,t\i^ chariot^, of. t|ie son of, 
%^^ia, (Abhiipanyu). 

16... ^Wienthis chariolaanwaBtoiPemh B Dwn^' 
Subhadra's sop was filled «trith wrath. O king, 
te|i«it:ed WButdV^Jar witir nin^ s^ows. 

17. That cbasttser of foes# (Abkiofian^MiVJ 
ivjrt^ a , C9^pjj; of. sha^p^ arpowsi cm| oflf his 
siB^i^nr^^. wftV. one. (4^row).hc .ciit,,d'}wn 
€^ oil th^ iy-otie<;^or$ ol his . c^r.^-whccU ^nd 
W5i^>i\Q^t»«r ^^iscjufrioif^f :. 

18-^19. Th'ise (two) chatcisert Of foes 
fought on and weaKcned each other with 
sharp arroATS. Bhimasi-na fought with 
yt)ur son DiiryoJhana, that great car- warrior 
wlio had injured (the Pandavas) in pride* 
Both of those Kuru cinefs are foremost of 
men Rnd both of them are great car* 

20 — 23. They covered each other, on tha 
field of battle, with showers of arrows. O 
descendant of Bharata, seeing the tight be- 
tween these two illustrious and accompliahed 
warrior s learned in all tlie modes of warfart,^ 
alt creatures were filled with amazement. 
Dushasana rushed against the great car- 
warrior Nakula and pierced him witi) many 
sharp arrows. The son of Madri laughingly 
cut off with his sh 4rp arrows tlie stHudard 
and the bow of his adversary. H^ thfeiV 
wounded him with twenty-five smafl-headcd 

24. Your son wfio is ever difficult fo be 
vanquished tlien killed in that fearful battle' 
Nakula^s horses and then cut down his 

25. Durmtikha rushed upon the mighty 
Sahadeva. He fought with him in that 
terrible battle and pierced him with a shower 
of arrows. 

26. The heroic Shahadeva soon over* 
threw in that fearful battle Durmuklia's> 
charioteer with a sharp arrow. 

27. Qoth of them were irresistible in 
fight. Each, attacking the qtheii, and bein^' 
djesirpusof warding off each other's anack^ 
struck terror into each other with, fearful 

28. The king Yudhisthira himself foughtt 
with the ruler of the. Madra. The Madra 
king cut off the bow of Yudhisthira. 

29. Thereupon, the son of Kunti, took 
up another bow whioh was stronger and? 
capable of inparting greater velocity. . 

30. The king, then saying in great 
wrath "Wait" •'Wak'* covered the king ol> 
lifadra with straight arrows. 

3«— 34- O descend.ifnt of BhoraU, 
Dhristadyomnaraslied-agatnvt Drona. lri< 
great aneer Orona cut off in that battle 
thOf hard bow of the illustrious Pan- 
diala prince»-^the bow which was ever 

' capable of taking tlie lives of the foes. He 
s-^i^t i*») that battle a fearful arrow whkh was 
like the second rod of Yama. The arrow 

I thus shot penetrated into the body or the* 
prince. Takingj up, another bow aivJ four« 
teen arrows,, the son of Urup^da pierced, 

! Drona with his arrowy. Ema^^cT witly 

I each otlf^r chey fought on. , 

35., Oking, the impetuoMs, Sank)ia met 
Souiadatl'iif tfon who was eqiiaJly- inif>piiipm^ 



in battle and he shouted out to him "Wait" 

36. That hero then piercerl his right 
arm in that fig'«t. I hereupon the son of 
Somadatta wounded Sankha on the shoulders. 

' 37. O king, the battle that was fough^ 
between these two proud heri^es soon 
became as fearful as the battle between the 
celestials and the Asuras. 

''38. O kingf, that high-souled great car- 
warrior Dhrist;tketu angrily rushed upon 
Valhtica who was the very embodiment 
of anger. 

39. O king, great Valhika, sending 
up a lion-like roar, weakened the wrathful 
Dhrlstaketu with countless arrows. 

40—^41. The king of the Chedis, then 
becoming exceedingly angry, quickly, 
pierced Valhika with nine arrows in that 
battle. Like an infuiiated elephant attack- 
ing another infuriated elephant, they roaerd 
against each other in great anger. They 
fought in great wrath and they looked like 
the planets Angaraha and Vudha, 

42. The do^r of cruel deeds, Ghatat- 
kacha, O descendant of Bharata, wounded 
that mighty and angry Rakshaslia (Alam- 
busha with ninety sharp arrows. 

43. Alambusha^ in that great battle, 
wounded the mighty son of Bhimasena 
(Ghatatkaclia) in many places with straight 

44. Wounded with arrows they appeared 
in that battle like the mighty Indra and the 
powerful Vala in the battle between the 
celestials and the Danavas. 

45. O king, the mighty Shikhandin 
attacked Drona's son. But Aswathama 
severely wounded Shikhandin with a sharp 
arrow and thus made him tremble. 

46. O king, Shikhandin also wounded 
tl>e son of Dron^ (Ashwathama) with a 
shai p and excellent weapon. 

47 — 48. They*brbu^ht on striking each. 
Other with various kmds of arrows. O 
king, Virata, that commander of an army, 
rushed against the heroic Bhagadatta 
in battle. Becoming exceedingly angry, 
Vir*ita siiot at Bhagadatta a shower of 
arrows, as the cloudis shower rain on' a 
mountain. But that rulerof earth, Bhaga-^ 
datta, soon covered Virata with arrows aS' 
clouds cover the son. The son of Saradwata, 
Kripa, ait.icked the ruler of the Kailceyas 
named Vribadkshatra. - ' 

5a. O descendant of Bliarata, Kripa 
covered him with a shower of arrows. 
Vrihadkshatra also covered the angry son 
of Gautama with a shower of arrows. 

53. Having killed » tfach Other's steeds 
arid cttf' off ' fech" dl!>er'l bows/ those (l wo) 

warriors were both deprived of fheir cj^iV, 
Becoming exceedingly angry,' they attacked 
each other with swords. 

54—56. The battle they then fought was 
fearful and unparalled. That chastiser of 
foes, king Drupada. angrily rushed on the 
ruler of Sindhu, Jayadratha. The Sindhtt 
kifig wounded Drupada in that battle with 
three arrows, and Drupada too wounch^l 
him in return. The battle they fought wa» 
fearful and terrible. 

57—58. It gave satisfaction to the hearts 
of all spectators; it was like the conflict 
between the planets Sukra and Angeunakm 
your son Vikarna with fleet steeds attacked 
the greatly powerful Sutasoma and they 
began to fight. Though Vikarna woimded 
Sutasoma with many arrows, yet he faileq 
to make him waver. 

59—61. Sutasoma also could not malce 
Vikarna waver. It was a wonderful sightl 
That great car- warrior, that foremost of 
men, that greatly powerful Chekitan rushed 
upon Susarman for the sake of the Pandavas. 
O king of kings, Susarman however d^ecked 
the advance of that great car-warrior Che- 
kitan with heavy showerof arrows. Chekitan;^ 
also becoming exceedingly angry showered 
on Susarman a shower of arrows as a mass 
of clouds shower rains on a mountain. 

62. O king, the greatly powerful Sakunt 
attacked the mighty Pralivmdhya as a lioi^ 
attacks an infuriated elephant. 

93. The son of Vudhisthira in great 
anger Wounded Suvala's son with nwlny 
sharp arrows as Maghavat (Indra) mangle* 
a Danava* 

64. in that terrible battle, Sukuni afsd 
wounded Prativindhya and mangled the body 
of that greatly intelligent warrior wiil^ 
sharp arrows. 

^5* O great king, Srutakarman attacked 
in that, battle the great car-warrior, the 
mighty Sudbakshina, the king of the Kain- 

66. O kmg of kings, Sudhakshirra woand<^ 
ed that great car-warriof the ^on of SaHa- 
deva, but he could not make him waver ; 
he stood as the Mainaka mountain. . 

67. Thereupon Srutakarman in great' 
, anger wealfened that great car-warrior of 

the Kanibhojas with countless arroi%'s and 
manfl*led him in many parts of Ins bcKly. 

68. That chastiser of foes, Icavan rusha^ 
in great anger on the wrathful Srutayush ia 
iiiatgvoat battle. « • 

69. The mighty son of Ar}una,that gfeatf 
car-warrior, then killing the horses ofliis' 
adversary, sent up a loud roar. O king,' alt* 

.the kings praised him ^by hts this great tear/. 

BHl^A lumvA* 


fO. Sruuyusha, in great anger, killed in 
that battle the horses oftbc son of Arjuna 
with a great mace and then tlity fought on. 

71. The two princes of Avanti, Vinda 
and Anuvinda attacked in that battle the 
great car-warrior the brave Kuiuibhoja 
who was with his son at the head of his 

73. We saw wonderful prowess in those 
two princes, for they fought with great cool- 
ness, though they had to fight with a very 
large number of troops. 

73. Anuvinda hurled a mace at Kunti- 
bhoja, but he (Kuntibhoja) soon covered him 
with a shower of arrows. 

74. The son of Kuntibhoja wounded Vinda 
with many arrows but he too wounded him 
in return. The battle they fought was 

75. O respected one, the Kekaya bro- 
thers at the head of their troops attacked 
in that battle the five Gandharva princes 
with their troops. 

76. Your son Viravahu fought with that 
foremost of car-warriors, Uttara, the son of 
Virata and wounded him with nine arrows. 

77. Uttara also wounded him with many 
sharp arrows; O king, the ruler of Chedi 
attacked in that battke Uluka. 

78. He wounded Uluka with a shower of 
arrows and Uluka too wounded him with 
sharp arrows with excellent wings. 

79. O king, the battle they fought was 
fearful in the extreme, for, being unable to 
defeat each other, they fearfully mangled 
each others body. 

80. Thus in that great battle thousands 
of single combats were fought between car- 
warriors, eleph«nt-men, horse-men and foot- 
soldiers of both the sides. 

81. For a short time the battle looked 
beautiful, but O king, it soon grew furious 
and nothing could be seen. 

82. In that battle elephants rushed against 
elephants, car-warriors against car-warriors, 
horsemen against horsmen and foot-soldiers 
against foot-soldiers. 

S8« The battle then became confused 
and fearful in the extreme. The heroes 
rushed against one another in a great 

84* Tlie celestial Rishis, the Siddhas 
and Charanas who were present, saw that 
bi^ttle as if it were the battle between the 
gods and the demons. 

85. Thousands of elephants and cars, 
countless horsemen and foot-soldiers, ap- 
pealed ,to have altered their ohancter. 

86. O foremost of men, it was teen that 
car -warriors, elephants, horsemen and foot- 
soldiers, all fought with one another, again 
and again, on the same places. 

Thus endt the forty -fifth chabttr, the 
single combats, in the Bhisntavaaha of the 
Bhtsma Parva, 


Sa^jaya said :— 

1. O king, O descendant of Bharata, I 
shall now describe to you the fight of hun- 
dreds and thousands of foot-soldiers, who 
were in utter forgetfulness of all considera-* 
tions for others. 

2. The son did not recognise the father 
and the father the son. The brother did not 
recognise his own brother and the sister's 
son did not recognise his maternal uncle. 

3. The maternal uncle did not recognise 
his sister's son, and the friend did not re- 
cognise the friend. The Panda va and the' 
Kuru forces fought as if they had been 
possessed by demons. 

4. O foremost of men, some warriors 
attacked with their cars the cars of the ene- 
mies, and crushed the yokes of those cars 
to pieces. 

5. The shafts of cars broke dashing against 
shafts of other cars, the spikes of car-yokes 
broke against spikes of car-yukes. Some 
unitedly attacked others that were united 
but all were eager to take one another's life. 

6—8. Some cars were obstructed by other 
cars and they were unable to move. Huge 
elephants with rent temples fell upon other 
huge elephants. They angrily tore one 
another's body with their tusks. O king, 
others, again, attacking other impetuous and 
huge ones with huge standards on their 
backs, being wounded by tusks, roared in 
great agony. 

9. Disciplined by training and urged 
on by pikes and hooks, elephants not in rut 
attacked those that were in rut. 

10. Huge elephants, attacked by those 
that were in rut, ran away in all directions, 
uttering cries like those o| cranes. 

II — 12. Many huge elephants, well- 
trained and with juice tiickling down from 
their rent temples and mouth, having been 
wounded by swords, lances and arrows, 
shrieked aloud. Pierced in their vital parts 
they fell down and expired. Uttering fearfii 
[ cries, tome ran away in all directions. 




, V 

■ M '., : 

'J ?• li J, sK.iL-p.-poin»cd and fleet 
' */ oj :>iing snakes fell u ^n the 
*• c.j^, the tc pies and the fla/il^s a: c' ie 
'i nibs of elf 'pi -uits. 

3% O kir-, fearful, polished jav^Jins 
stir.l ing large meteoric flaahos bein^ 

13—15. O Ving, th# ioQ^-fipldiersi ^at ( 
pfotected Om el«phaiU$, that possessed ^ 
brpflcf ch(B$t$,that were ^p^ble pf effectually 
striking the foe, armed with pikes, bows» 
^ri^ht battle*axes, maces, clubs, arrows, 
lances, shafts and heavy iron -mounted 
bludgeons and swords of the brightest polish, 
ran in every direction with the firm resolve 
of t'lkin); One another's life. 

16. The swords of brave combatants who 
rnshed agair^t one another having been 
steeped in blood shone with great brilliancy. 

17. The whizing noise of the swords, 
maae by their whirling and falling by heroic 
arms, became very loud. 

18^-10. O descendant of Bharata, crush- 
ed with maces and clubs, cut off with 
tempered swords, pierced and grinded by 
the tusks of elepHants, the^oombatants sent 
ioiiU heart-rending wails as those of men 
doomed to hell. 

20. Horsemen on fTeet horses with tails 
like the plumes of swans, rushed upon one 

21. Hurled by them, loner, ffeet and 
polished and s) Trp-pointed d;irts, decked 
with gold, fell (on all sides) Ifke so many 

22. Some heroic horsemen on fleet steeds 
leaped up and cut off the heads of car- 
warriors who were seated on then- cars. 

23. A car-warrior, getting a body 
cavalry within shooting distance, killed 
many with straight arrows furnished with 
broad heads. 

24. Many infuriated elephants adorned 
with gold trappings and looking like newly- 
risen clouds threw down the horses and 

c rushed them with their legs. 

25. Being struck on their frontal globes 
and flanks, and mangled by lances, many 
elephants roared aloud in great agony. 

26. In the bewildering confusion of the 
fnelee„ many elephants threw steeds with 
their riders and crushed them down. 

27. Overthrowing with their tusks steeds 
and their riders, some elephants roved about 
and crushed cars with tlieir standards. 

18. Some huge male elephants, from 
excess of energy and with the temporal juice 
f^ushinf^ down from the^r temp^os Jn large 

q.i^ntJMc-.. ki:''" 1 'r--- •, ■■ -'v-' iheir riders. 

hprled by h^rpiQ arpis fell ^veiywltfrv 
piercing thrpugh bodies of men anc| ho?^ 
aod puttmg through cq^^ pf mail, 

31. Taking om their »harp swords ff^m 
sheathes made of leopard's and |ig«r's skinA, 
ms^ny killed their adversaries in t^ttl^. 

32. Many warriors, though attacked and 
their bodies cut open, fell upon their an- 
tagonists with swords, sliiekk and battle- 

33. Dragpfing down and overthrowing 
cars with their horses by their trunks, some 
elephants roved about in aH directions, 
guided by the cries of tboae behind them* 

34T-r36. Some pierced by javelinsj, some 
cut do\yn by battle-axes, some crushed by 
elephants, some trodden down by horses, 
some cut by the car-wheeTs and some by 
axes, O king, loudly called for their kins- 
men. Sonre called upon their sons, some 
upon their fathers, some upon their brothers 
some upon their relatives, some upon their 
meternal uncles, some upon their sister's 
^ofTs, and some upon |heir friends and 

37. O descendant sf Bharata, a large 
number of combatants lost their ii^eapons, 
many hnd therr thighs broken. Some were 
seen to cry piteousjy for their desire for life, 
with arms torn off or sides pierced or cut 

g8. O kingi some having but little 
strength, and lying on the field of battle 
asked for water from excessive thirst. 

39, O descendant of pharat^, some, wel- 
tering in blood and becoming greatly weak- 
ened, censured themselves and your sons 
assembled (in that battle.) 

40. O exalted one, but there were 
others, — the brave Ksiiatriyas, who having 
wounded one another, did not abandon 
their weapons nor did they set up any 

41 — 44. There were some, wh<^, lying on 
those places where they lay, roared in joy, 
and bitting from wrath their own lips with 
their teeth, looked at one another with 
faces rendered fearful by the contraction 
of their eye-brows. Others, possessing great 
strength and tenacity, wounded with arrow, 
remained perfectly silent smarting under 
their pains. Other brave car-warriors, 
deprived of their own cars in battle and 
thrown down :\nd wounded by hiig« ele- 
ph;mts, asked to be taken up on the cars 
of others. O king, many looked beautiRil 
like blossoming kinstikas. 

45 — 47- ^" t^*** fearful battle, destructive 
of heroes, the fatlier killed the son and the 
son killed tlie father, the sister's son killed 



the mtternal undc, tHe meternal uncle kilted 
tJrt Sixer's son Friends kiJled friends 
and ktnsnWn killed kinsmen. Thus took 

EUte thfe ^eat slaughter in that great 
attle between the Kurus and the Fanda- 

^. In chat tearful and terrible battle in 
whldh Kb coQstderation was shown, the 
Pandavas (at last) began to waver before 

49-^So. O bcs^ of the Bharata race, O 
kiii^, the inighty-armed Bhisma, with his 
gteat itiiiNlard made of silver and adorned 
with tlie device of ^ t>AlMy^a with five sta^s, 
sittmg upon his excellent car, shone like the 
moon on the Meru mountain. 

Thus ends the ^ forty-sixth chatter, the 
gHai slaughiert in the Bkismavadha of the 
Bhiiwid rarva, 

■lit 1 1 

(ftHIS^fAVADHA ?KKVK)—Coutd. 

Sanja^a said :— 

i-^a. O'king, #h*n the grettter part of 

that fearful day p^tssed away, Diirmuklia, 

Hritavarmanfa, Kfipa, Salyaand Vivingsati, 

^ged by your son, came 10 Bhisma and 

'btgnn to protect himl in that fearful battle 

^hicb Was so destructive Of the foremost of 


3. O best of the Bhai^a race, protected 
by Ihose five great car-warrioi s. that great 
liero penetrated the Pandava army. 

4.' O descendant of Bharata, the pal- 
myra standard of Bhisma was seen to glide 
conthiuously through the Chedis, the Kashis, 
the Rarushas and the Panchalas. 
' 5. That hero tBhisma) cut off the heads 
(of the foes) and their cars with yokes and 
sundards with broad-headed, swift and 
perfectly slraight arrows. 

6. O best of the Mharata race, Bhisma 
seemed to dance on his car as it moved 
about. Some elephant* vitally wounded by 
him, shrieked in great agony. 

7. Thereupon AbMnanyu angrily rushed 
towards Bhisma's car on his own car 
yoked with ejccellent horses of brown 

8. And adorned with a standard d^kcd 
with pure gold and resembling a Karnikara 
tree, he attacked Bhisma and those five 
foremost of car^warrioris. 

9. Striking with a sharp arrow the pal- 
myra standard (of Bhisma) that herx> fought 

with Bhisma and thoM other warriow whe 
were protecting him. 

10. Wounding Kritavarmana with one 
Arrow and Salya with five, he weakened his 
great grandfather with nine arrows. 

tt. With one airrbw' shot from his bow 
drawn to its fullest extent, he cut off (Bhis* 
ma's) standard adorned with gold, 

13. With one broad-headed and straight 
arrow capable gi penetrating^ every things 
he cut off the head of Durmukha*s cha- 

13—14. With another ihAtp ar*-o#, he 
cut down the gold-idecked bdw of Kripa. 
With many sh^rp atrdws that gre^t cdr- 
warrkir wounded them all. Seeing his 
lightness of hand, even tlie celestials were 

f j. Seeing the gf^fit ^actness of Abhi- 
manyu's aim, all the car-warriors with 
Bhisma at their head, considered that be 
possessed the great capacity (of his father) 

16. His bow, sending forth sound like 
the twang of Gandiva while stretched 
and restretchedt seemed to revolve hke a 
circle of fire. 

17. Then that ch^stiser of foes, Bliisma . 
rushing on him with great impetuosity, 
soon, wounded the son of Ai'juna with 
nine arrows. 

18^. He too with three' broad -headed 
arrows cut off the standard of thsit greatly 
pbwerful warrior. Of rigid vows, Bhisma 
al^ struck his adversary's chsirioteer. 

ig. O sire, Kritavarmana, Kripa and 
Salya, piercing Arjuha'd son, all failed to 
make him, waver for he stood firm like the 
Mainaka mountain. 

90. Though surrounded by those great 
car-warriors of Dhritarashtra's army, 
the heroic son of Arjiina still showered, on 
those five car-warnors, a down pour of 

21. Baffling their great weapons by a 
shower of arrows and pouring on Bhisma 
a-shower of his arrows, the mighty son of 
Xrjuna sent up a loud roar. 

22. When he was thus struggling in 
the battle, and afflicting Bliisma with (his) 
arrows, the strength o7 his arms we saw 
then was very great. 

23. Possessed of such great power, 
Bhisina shot his arrows at him. But he 
(Abhimanyu) cut of! in the fight all the 
arrows shot from Bhisma's b6w. 

^4. Then that brave bowman cut off, 
with nine arrowil^ the standard of Bhiskna 


MAnAttttARAtA. ^ 

in that ^eat battle. When this grreat deed 
was done, the people sent forth a loud shout. 

25. Adorned with jewels and made of 
stiver, that tall palmyra-deviced standard, 
O descendant of Bharata, cut off by the 
arrows of Subhadra's son, fell down on 
the ground. 

26. O best of the Bharata race, seeing 
that standard cut down by the arrows of 
Subhadra's son, the proud Bhima sent up a 
loud shout to cheer up the son of Subhadra. 

27. Then in that great batlle, ihe mighty 
Bhimasena caused many powerful celestial 
weapons to appear. 

28. ' The high-souled great grandsire 
(Bhisma) tlien covered Subhadra^s son with 
thousands of arrows. 

29. Thereupon ten great bowmen and 
mighty car-warriors of the Pandava (army) 
SQon rushed on their cars to protect the son 
of Subhadra. 

30. O king, these were Virata and his 
son, the descendant of Prishata, Dhrishta- 
dyumna, Bhima, the five Kekaya brothers, 
and Satyaki. 

31. As they were rushing^ upon him 
with great impetuosity, the son of Shantanu, 
Bhisma, in tliat great battle, wounded the 
Panchala princes with three arrows and 
Satyaki with ten. 

32. With one winged arrow as sharp 
as a razor shot from his bow drawn to its 
fullest stretch, he cut off the standard of 

33' O foremost of men, the lion-devrced 
standard of Bhimasena, made of gold, 
being cut ©ff by Bhisma, fell from the car. 

34. Thereupon Bhima wounded the son 
of Shantanu with three arrows, Kripa with 
one and Kritavarmana with eight, 

, 35- The son of Virata, Utlara, also 
riding on an elephant with upraised trunk 
attacked the king of Madra. 

36. But Salya checked the great impe- 
tuosity of that foremost of elephants rush- 
lag towards his car. 

37. But that foremost of elephants 
angnly placed his leg on the yoke of 
(Salya's) car and killed his four large and 
swift horses, 

38. Tlie king of Madra, staying on the 
car the horses of which had been killed 
liurled an iron dart, which resembled a 
snake, in order to kill Uttara. 

39. His armour being cut through by 
the dart, he lost consciousness and fell 
rom the elephant, the hook and the lance 

Si\so iftll loosened from his grasp. 

.i,^'* "i* armour pierced all over with a 

.Kfrr °l ^'■"'^ ^"'^ '^is "-unk cut off. 

h^nfllf^'"' "'"'>«"* loud shriek. He 
then fell down and expired. 

^r V?ri.!. ^^'^1 *" »!•« Kritavarmana's 
^firYn^?*"^*'** blazed up in anger 
as fire blazes forth with Ghe*. That ^ilat 

iTkeXtTfi"*^ ''''' '2^§« bow that 1^1^' 
iiKethatof Indra, rushed upon Salva tho 

E|"f % M-dra with the d^Ve of Tcllli'ng 

abT; ^""■°""5l««» «? a" sides with Inumer- 

SaL^/u"^"?""'^^' advanced towards 
Salya s chariot and poured upon him a 

tZ^^l i:™^- Seeing him rush o the 
fight with the prowess of an infuriated ele- 
f„.r"i' i'u?" ""--warriors of your side sur- 
rounded h.m on all sides with the desire 

sL,^I2 r"l* "'.'' ^y^"" «f Madras who 
sejtmedto be already within the jaws of. 

48—49. Those seven warriors were Vri- 

of Magadha Rukmaratha, the Brave son 
c J , ^?; ^""** ""'• Anuvinda of AvanU. the king of the Kambhl!"as 

TnA ,!''>'*.«''■'•"'». '•'« king of the SindKui 
and the kinsman of Vrihadkshatra. 

SO. The stretched bow of these illustrious 
T^l"V^{L.^'^°'"'i^ *•"> va"-'""* colours, 
iSds. "'"'" °' "«''"''"« '" 'hi 

5'; They all poured on the head of 

bweta a continuous shower of arrows as 

the clouds, tossed by the • wind, pour rain 

asJed """""*'" •"■***» *'■«" summer is 

of^.LP''" ^"f^^ bowman, that commander 
of the forces, being greatly enraged at this 
struck their bows with seven broad-headS 
arrows of great impetuosity. 

53- O descendant of Bharau. we saw 
those bows were cut off. Then wi.hin half 

otheTb::;.* """•' °' '"« 'y^ »'->' ^^ "P 

54. That mighiy-armed and high-souled 
warrior then w.ih seven swift arrows agirin 
cut off the bows of tliose bowmen. ^ 

55- Those heroes, those great car-war- 
riors whose large bows had &een cut d.w^ = 

LTtKiouat?"'' ''-'P'"^ <*"'V-i 



i^SS. O best of tYie Bhariita race, 
they li^rled these seven darts on Sweta's 
chariot. Those blazing dart«, which flew 
like large meteors with the sound of 
thunder, were all cut down by that great 
warrior with seven broad- headed arrows 
before they could reach him. O best of 
the Bharata race, then taking up an arrow 
which was capable of penetrating into every 
part of their body, he hurled it on Rukma 
ratha. That great arrow penetrated into 
his body. 

'59. Then, O king, being thus struck by 
the arrow, Rukmaratha sat down on his 
car and lost all consciousness. 

6oi His charioteer, however, without 
betraying any fear, carried him away, sense- 
less and fainted, from the fleld of battle. 

61. Then taking up six other arrows 
decked with gold, Sweta cut off the standards 
of his six adversaries. 

62. Wounding their horses and charioteers 
aTso and covering those six warriors with a 
continuous shower of arrows, that chastfser 
of foes, went towards the car of Salya. 

'63^ O descendant of Bharata, when 
that gre;it general (Sweta) was rushing with 
great force tow;|rds the car of S^lya, loud 
cries of "Oh" "Alas," rose in your army. 

64. Then your great son, with Bhisma, 
iit the head and with many other heroic 
warriors and troops, went towards Sweta's 

€5—^. He thus rescued the Madra king 
who was at the point of death. Then a fearful 
and hair-stirring battle was fought between 
your troops and those of the enemy in which 
cars and elephants all got mixed up in confu- 
sion. The old grandfather of the Kurus 
poured showers of arrows on Subhadra*s 
son, on Bhim^sena and on that great car- 
warrior Satyaki and also upon the king of 
the Kekayas, on Virata, on the descendant 
of Prishata, Dhrishtadyumna, and also upon 
die Chedi troops. 

Thus ends tht forty 'Seventh chapter , 
ihe fight with Stbetatin the Bhismavadna of 
ihe Bhisma Parva. 


Bhritaraslitra said \— 

1. O Sanjaya, when that great bow-man 
Sweta went towards Sa1ya*s chariot, what 
cAd'ilie Kurus and the Pandavas do ? What 
cfid Khisma, the son of Shantanu do T 'J*ell 
wki all this, i ask you. ^ • 

3. O king, hdftlreds «nd (Houiafvli of 
the |»remost of Kshatriyas, all brave great ' 
car- warriors placed their general Sweta in 
their front, 

3. And displaying their prowess to your 
royal son, O descendant of Bharata, desired 
to rescue Sweta, with Shikhandin at their 

4. Those great car-warriors rushed to- 
wards Bhisma's car decked with gold, with 
the intention of kilting that foremost of 
warriors. The battle that was then fought ' 
was fearful. 

5. I shall describe to you that wonderful \ 
and fearful battle that was fought between 
your warriors and those of the enemy. 

6. The son of Shantanu made many cars . 
empty, for that foremost of all car-warriors 
cut off many heads by showering his 

7. Possessing the prowess of the sun,^ 
he covered the very sun with his arrows, j 
As the rising sun dispels the darkness 
from around him, so did he remove the foe 
from around him in th;it great battle. 

8. O king, in that great battle, hundreds 
and thousands of arrows were shot by him. 
They were very powerful and they possessed ^ 
great impetuosity. They killed countless 
Kshatriyas in that battle. 

9. O king, in that great battle, he cut 
off the heads of hundreds of heroic warriors 
and elephants clad in thorny mail as- 
summits of mountains are felled by thunder- 


10. O king, cars were seen to mingle 
with cars.. One car was seen upon another 
car and a horse upon another horse. 

11. O king, impetuous horses earned: 
here and there the youthful riders killed 
and hung from their saddle with their, 
bows till in their hands. 

13. With swords and quivers stil 
attached to their person and their armours, 
loosened, hundreds of dead warriors lay 
on the ground sleeping on beds worthy 
of heroes. 

13. Rushing upon one anotfrer, faHing 
down and rising up again, and rushing 
again having risen up, the combatants 
fought hand to hand. 

14. Struck by one another, many rolled 
on the field of battle. Infuriated elephants 
ran in all directions and hundreds of car- 
warrior's were killed. 

15. Car-warriors, with their cars, were 
crushed^ (by the elephants). , Some warriors 
fell on their cars killed by other Warriors wkh 
their arrows. 



16-— f;. Mutly f^^i iBAf-trarridfs were 
teen to fall down from high, their charioteers 
being killed. A thick dust covered all sides. 
Then the warriors knew their adversaries 
hy the twang of the bow. From the 
pressure also on their bodies the combatants 
guessed their enemies. 

1 8. O king, the warriors fought on with 
arrows guided by the twang of the bow- 
strings. Even the veryihis sing sound of the 
arrows shot by the combatants at one another 
could not be heard. 

19 — 20. So loud was the sound of 
drums that it seemed to pierce the cars. In 
that tumultuous and hair-stirrins up- 
roar, even the names of the combatants 
could not be heard. Even the father 
coilkl not recognise his own son. 

31. One of the wheels being broken, 
the yoke being torn off, one of the steeds 
being killed, the brave car-warrior was 
overfhrown from the car along with his 

22. Thus many brave warriors, deprfved 
of their cars, were seen to run (in all 

23. He, who was killed, had his head eut 
of! ; he, who was not kiUed, was mortally 
wounded. When Bhisma attacked, there was 
none who was not woimded* 

24. In that fearful battle Sweta killed 
innumerabte Kuras. He killed hundreds of 
rMble princes. 

25. He cut off with his arrows the heads 
of hundreds of car-warriors and also their 
arms decked with AngadaSt ^nd also their 

26—27. O king, O best of the Bharata 
rkce, car-warritfrs and cartwheels, the cars 
themselves, both small and costly stand - 
atxis, many horses and innumerable men 
and hundreds of elephants were destroyed 
by Sweta. 

28. From fear of Swata, we abandoned 
Bhbma that foremost of warrions ; we left 
the battle and retreated to the rear and 
therefore we now see your exalted self. 

29. O descendant of Kuru, retreating 
beyond the range of arrows and abandoning 
the son of S^iantanu, Bhisma, in thsA battle, 
all the Kurus stood (as spectators), though 
armed for the battle. 

30* Bveff chatrfui even in the kour of 
cheerlessnas^ that foremost of men, 
Bhisma, alone, of our army, stood Jn Ihal/ 
fearful battle as immovable as the moun- 
tain* Mem; 

31. Killing the foes like the sun at the 
iMd' of thief Whitar, he stood effulgent wibh 

this golden rays of hb car, aa the aunrthiifas 
with his rays. 

32* That gtekt bow-man shot showers of 
arrows and struck down his ettemies in iliatt 
barttle as Vishnu, armed wkh the discus, 
struck down the AsuraS. 

33. ^yhiIe being thus slaughtered ^y [ 
Bhisma) in that fearful battle, the warriora \ 
broke away from their ranks and ^ec( f roin ' 
him (Bhisma) as if he was a fire fad with 

34. While fighting with the great war- 
rior (Sweta), that chastiser of foes, b\\\svti^t, 
was the only one who was chebrfiiL Sver ' 
devoted to the welfare of Duryodhana, he ' 
b^an to consume the warrior (Sweta.) 

35. O King, reckless of his own fife, 
abandoning all fear, he slaughtered^ il'ie 
Bmdava troops fh that gr(^ bsiUtti, 

36. Seeing that (Pandava) genieral strik- 
ing Duryodhana's troops, your father 
Bhisma, also called Devavrata, rushed upon 

37. Thereupon Sweta covered Bhisma 
with a great net of arrows, Bhisma also 
covered Sweta with a shower of arrows, 

38. Roaring Hke two bulls, they rushed 
against each other like two gigantic mUd 
elephants of like two angry tigers* 

39. Eaffling each other's weaporfs by 
means of tlieir weapons those (two) fore- 
most of men, Bhisma and Sweta fouglll ; 
with each other with the desM of takii^ 
each other's life. 

4a. If Sweta did not protect it, in ona 
single day Bhisma could have tri Hii^t 
consumed the' Pandava army with hb 

41. Seeing the grandfather made to 
retreat by Sweta, the Pandavas grew 
exceedingly delighted, but your son he- 
came very much cheerless. 

42. Thereupon Duryodhana surrourtded 
by many kings, rushed in anger against 
the Pandava troops in that great hattle. 

43. Then Sweta abandoned' the son of 
Ganga, Bhisma, }and began to slaughter 
your son's troops with great impetuosity 
as the wind up-reots trees with great 

44. O king, having routed your army, 
Vir^U'^ son' (S^eta) . aiemeleigs. in ang^ 
again rushed towards the place where 
Bhisma stood. 

45.-46^ Those two mighty and great 
warriors, both blazing with their arrows, 
fought with each other like Vritra ana 
Vasava in the days of yore, both eager to 
kill each other. Having drawn his bow to 

Wl^MA P4BV4. 


llic fiiUeit lAretch, Sweta wouncted Bhismm 
with 9cvtn arrows. 

47. The brave one (Bhisma^ then put 
forth his prowess ; he qmckly checked hit 
adversaiys valour as a tn id elephant ohecks 
another mad elephant* 

48. That deK^hter of the Kshatriya^, 
Sweta, then struck Bhitma; and the s#n of 
Shantanu pierced him in return with ten 

j^g — 53. Though thus wounded, that 
great warrior stood as unmoved as a moun- 
UM%, Sweta again wounded the son of 
ShanUnu with twenty-five straight arrows 
M whvph ^eiy one was astonisofd. Then 
smiling and licking with his tongue the 
cemef^ of the mouth, Sweta cut down 
Bhiana'9 bow into ten parts with ten 
arrows. Then taking up a winged arrow 
made of iron, he crushed the palmyra on 
the ilop of the standard of that exalted one 
(BhtsiTia). Seeing the standard of Bhisma 
cut down, your sons thought that Bhisma 
was killed. The Pandavas in great delight 
' blew their conohs. 

54. Seeing the palmyra- standard of the 
illustnous Bhisma cut down, Diryodhana, in 
great anger, urged his army to the battle. 

55— H04, They alt carefully protected 
Bhisma who was then in great distress. 
To them that stood there as specta- 
tors^ the king (Duryodhana) thus ex- 
cfalfned. ** Either Sweta or Bhisma will die 
(to day)". Having heard the words of the 
king, the great car-warrk>rs soon with four 
kinds erf troops advanced to protect the son 
of Ganga. O descendant of Bharata, Valhi- 
ka, Kritavarmana, Knpa, Salya, the son of 
Jarasandha, Vikarna.Chitrasenaand Viving- 
sati, all, with great speed, surrounded him 
an ail skks am) poured a coniiBuous shower 
of arrows. That high-soulcd and mighty 
warrior then soon clSecked those wrathful 
warnors with sharp arrows by displavjng 
his own lightness of hands. Cnecking 
them aH as a lion checks a herd of 
daphants, SweU cut olE Bhisma's bow 
with a thkk shower of arrows. Then the 
son of Shantanu, Bhisma, took up another 
bow in that battle and wounded Sweta with 
arrows famished with the feather of Kanka 
birds. Then that commander (Swata) in 
great anger wounded Bhisma in that battle 
with innumerable arrows in the very sight of 
all. Seeing Bhisma, that foremost of all 
the warriors, checked in the battle by Sweta, 
the king (Duryodhana) became exceeding- 
ly cheerless, and your whole army felt 
themselves in great distress. 

65. Seeing the heroic Bhisma checked 
and wounded by Sweta with his arrows, all 
^thought iha( BUisma had been killed. 

66 — 7t. Thereupon ymsr father Dcva- 
vrata, seeing his standard cut down and the 
army checked, grew greatly enraged and 
shot at Sweta innumerable arrows. O king, 
that foremost of heroes Sweta however baffled 
all those arrows of Bhisma» and he once 
more cut off with a broad-headed arrow 
the bow of yotir father. O king, throwing 
aside that bow, the son of Ganga took up 
in great anger another strong and large 
bow, and aiming seven large broad-headed 
arrows, killed the four horses of the general 
Sweta, then he cut down his standard and 
then the head of his charioteer. There- 
upon that great car-warrkx- jtmiped down 
from his car the horses and the cnarrkHesr 
of which had been killed. 

72 — 77. Seeing Sweta, that foremost 
of oar-wariors, deprived of his car, the 
grandsire began to strike him on aH sides 
with showers of arrows. Wounded in this 
great battle with arrows shot from Bhfsma's 
bow, leaving his bow on his car, he took up 
a diart decked with gold, and, taking up 
that terrible and fearful dart which resem- 
bled the hital rod of Death and which was 
capable of killing even Death himself, Sweta 
thus spoke in anger to the son of Shantanu, 
Bhisma. ** O foremost of men, wait a little 
and see my prowess." Having said this lo 
Bhbma that greatly powerful and high-soul- 
ed bow-man hurled that dart resembling a 

78. O king, then loud cries of "Oh" and 
"Alas" rose among your sons when they 
saw that fearful dart whkh was as efiful- 
gent as the rod of death. 

79. Having been hurled from Sweta's 
hand,^ that dart which resembled a snake 
that had just cast off its slough, fdl 
with great n>rce like a meteor from the sky. 

So— 81. Your father Devavrata, then, 
without the slightest fear, with eijfht sharp 
and winged arrows, cut down into nine 
parts that fearful dart which was decked 
with pure gold and which appeared to be 
covered with flames of fire. 

82. All your troops, O best of the 
Bharata race, then sent up a loud shout 
of joy. Virata's son, however, having seen 
his dart cut down into fragments, lost all 
sense in anger. 

83. Like one whose heart was over- 
come by the approaching death, he could 
not settle what to do. O kin^, deprived 
of his senses by anger, Virata's son, 
with smileo, 

84. Took up in gr^eat cheerfulness a 
fearful mace for Bhisma*s destruction. With 
eyes red in anger, and looking like a 
second Vama armed with the rod, 



' 85. He rushed up«n Bhisma as a 
swollen river rushes upon a rock. Con- 
sidering his great impetuosity as incap- 
able of being checked, the - greatly fearful 

86. Who is ever skilful in knowing 

.'the prowess of others, suddenlv jumped 

^down oil the ground to avoid tnat blow. 

O king, Sweta, however, whirling that 

■heavy mace in anger, 

87—88. Hurled it on Bhismt's car 
like the deity Maheswara (Siva). By the 
fall of that mace intended for Bhisma's des- 
truction, that car, witli its standard, chark>t- 
.eer and horses, was reduced to ashes. Seeing 
Bhisma, that foremost of car-warriors 
fighting on foot, 

89—91. Many car-warriors, Salya and 
others soon came to his help. Getting 
up OQ another car and stretching his bow, 
Bhisma slowly advanced t(> wards Sweta. 
. In the meantime he heard a vok:e in the 
sky. It was celestial and fraught with 
his own good. It said, ''O Bhisma, O 
Bhisma, O mighty armed hero, fight with- 
out losing a moment. 

92. This is the moment fixed by the 
creator for getting success over this one." 
Having heard these words uttered by the 
celestial messenger, 

.93— 94* Bhisma carefully determined to 
kill Sweta. Seeing that foremost of car-war- 
riors fighting on foot, many great car-war- 
riors rushed unitedly to his rescue. They 
were Satyaki, Bhimasena, and that descen- 
dant of Prishata, Dhri«tadyumna, 

95. The Kekaya brothers, Dhrishtaketu 
and the gready powerful Abhimanyu. See- 
ing them coming to his rescue, with Drona, 
Salya, and Kripa, 

96. That high-souled hero (Bhisma) stop- 
ped them all as a mountain resists the wind. 
When the illustrious warriors of the Pandava 
arlny were thus checked, 

97—^* Sweta took up a sword and cut 
•ff Bhisma's bow. Throwing off that bow 
,the (Kuru) grandfather having heard the 
words of the celestial messenger set his 
heart to destroy Sweta as soon as possible. 
Though baffled, your father Devavrata, 

99. That great car- warrior, soon took up 
another bow as effulgent as the bow of 
Indra. He stringed it in a moment. 

100. O best of the BharaU race, then 
your father, seeing that great car-warrior 
Sweta, — thou^ he was then surrounded by 
those foremost of men (the Pandava war- 
riors) with Bhimasena at their head, 

10 1 — 103. The son of Ganga (Bhisma), 
rushed forward to attack Sweta alone. See- 
ing Bhishma coraingj the greatly powerful 

Bhimasena i^ounded him %«'ith sixty arrows* 
But that great cnr-warri.»r, your father 
Devavrata, checked Bhimasena, Abhimanyu 
and other car- warriors with some fearful 
arrows. He then struck him (Sweta) with 
three straight arrows. 

104. The (Kuru) grandfather, strncic 
Satyaki in that great battle with one Iimi** 
dred arrows, Dhristadyumna with twenty 
and the Kekaya brothers with five. 

105. Having thus checked all those 
great bowmen with fearful arrows, your 
father Devavrata rushed towards Swela 

106. Then taking up an arrow whidi 
resembled Death himself which was capa- 
ble of bearing a great strain and which was 
incapable of being resisted, the mighty 
Bhisma placed it on his bow-string. 

107. That winged arrow, endued wiC^h 
the force of the Brahma weapon, was sedn 
by the celestials, the Gandharvas, the Pi- 
shachas, the Uragas and the Rakshashas. I 

108. That arrow, as eflulgent as the fire 
went through his armour and struck into 
tlie earth with a flash like that 6f the 

109. As the sun hurriedly retires to his 
western chamber taking with him the rays 
of light, so did it pass away out of Sweta's 
body taking with it his life. 

no. When he was thus killed by Bhif<- 
ma in that battle, we saw him . fall down 
like a loosened peak of a mountain. 

111. All the great Kshatrya car-warriors, 
on the Pandava side,lamented (for his deatfi). 
But your son and all the Kurus were filFed 
with great delight. 

112. O king, seeing Sweta killed, Dti- 
shashana danced in joy over the field of 
battle in accompaniment of the loud music of 
conchs and drums. 

113. When that great bownan, wa» 
killed by tliat ornament of battle, Bhisma, 
the great bowmen of the Pandava side, 
with Shakhandin at tlieir h«id, trembled m 

114. O king, when the general (Swet^> 
was killed, Dhananjaya (Arjuna) and the 
Vrishni chief (Krislvna) slowly withdrew their 

115. O descendant of Bharata, both yimr 
troops and theirs withdrew and both your 
troops and theirs frequently sent up loud 

I i<S. O chastiser of foes the great (Pan« 
dava) car-warriors entered their camp in 
great choerlessuessi thinking of the great 



^iWiii^hrer m-Kle by their gf^neral (Sweta) in 
that great single dontbal. 

' Thui etft^s f/te forfy-eijorfifh chnpter, tfte 
lieafk o/Svffta, in the Bhisimtvadha of the 
Biiiitna Ibarra, 

C H A P T K R X F- 1 X. 

Dhritieraflktra taid :— 

1. O Sanjaya, when their general Swcta 
1vd$ killed by the i6t in that hnttle, what did 
those great bbivnien, the Panchalas and 
the Pandavas do ? 

2. When they heard that their general 
Sweta had been kilted, what took pl;4ce 
between those that fought to kill him and 
those that retreated before them. 

3. O Sdnfayd. yoUr woi'ds pleflsd me 
for they speak of our victory. My heart 
does not feel any shame in remembering our 

* 4 — ^S. The ojd kuru chief (Bhisma) is 
ever cheerful and devoted tp us. Tliough lie 
(t)uryoahana) provoked hostilities with that 
intelligent son of his yncile, (Yudhisthira), 
iet he once sought the protection of the 
Pllfidavas. At that time atbandontng every- 
thing, he lived in misery. 

6--7. Tn consec^uence of the prowess of 
the Pandavas and m cortsemience of receiv- 
ing checks everywhere, and also in conse* 
quence of placing himself amid etitangle- 
mfcnt, Dury(>dhaiia had (lor sometime) re-* 
eotsrse to honourable behaviour. Once that 
wicked-minded prince had to seek* tbetr 
protection, why, therefore, O San jay a, had 
$weta.. who was , devoted to Yudhisthira, 
been k^fledt * ' 

8, This narrow-minded prince (Duryo- 
dhana) witn alt his prosperity has'been hurled 
to the nether regions by a number of wret- 
clies.' Bhisma did not like this war, nor 
did the preceptor (Drona), 

9^ Nor (jid Kripaj nor Gandhari ; rtor 
did I, O Sanjaya, lik^ if. ,Nor djd the 
Vfishhi chief, Vasudeya (krishnaj, nor that 
sjfii of Mndii, Dha'rniar^j^ ^^udhisthi^a), 

10 — 12, Nor did BhiMa^^.tior -Arjuna* 
nw tti'is6 tiw) f or emosL o(,mej), the twins 

rn^hL ai« ■ SPtfdf^:' thW^ ;U^^ys 

f5/Bia4c^ %j tiiV, by^CJanirtari, ^.VT^ura, 
j/v'mVrta tfe«oh df JJiVnaii'ajrni;' ajiil b/ithe 
illustrious Vyasa, yet, O Sanjaya, thewick'edi- 
minded .dbd sidfiil^ DoryodhAnd' wiiH Bo- 
slMSfiiuPalwiiys followed cbe evil'counselsof 
Knrrti and^ Stfw4U'«' stm ^(Sakunh, ^nd 
beliarvoi inalKtMisiy. with the Pandavas. 

13—14. O Sanjaya, I think tltibt lie has 
/alien into g[reat distress* After tlie deatii 
oi Sw^ta and the victory of Bltiama, whi^t 
did Partha, accompained by Kti^thna, in 
anger do ? O child, it is Arjuna whom 
I fear, and my thai fear cannot be 

15. The son of Kunti> Dhananjaya, is 
brave, and lie possesses great activity; -f 
.have ho doubt lie will, witli his arrows, cut 
into fragments the bodies of his enemies^ 

16. Seeing thbt fion bi Indra, who~ is 
equal in battle to llpeadr;it, .tire yottnger 
broihor of Indra, — wlio is a warrior whuee 
wrath and purposes are never futile,^^wluit 
became the state of your tivindf 

17. He is brave, he is learned in -tiif 
Vedas, he is as effulgent aS the fir€»aM2l 
the sun. He poasesees the koowledge-ipf 
Aindra weapon ; that high-souled warcior 
is ever victorious when lie falls upon liis toc^ 

18. His weapons ahvays fall <mi the 'foe 
with the fortie of tlie tbunder-bolt> His antii 
are astonishingly quick to draw the faW* 
string. That son g| Kunti is a great cm^ 
war'rlbr. > 

19. O Sanjaya, the. Invineible ton of 
Drupada also is exceedingly. ivbe. What did 
Dhriatadyumna do when Sweta Itad bpen 
kided in batde. 

30. I have no doubt that in conse^ehce of 
the wrongs they suffered be(ore,an4 m cdnse^ 
quence of the death of their general, the 
hearts of the Pandavas blared up. 

21. O Sanjaya, thinking of their anger, 
I never, by day or by night, enjoy > any 
peace joi mind on account of. Duryodhana. 
How did the great batde take place t Tell 
me all about it. . 

Saigaya said :— 

22. O king, hear about your great thm^ 
gressions. You should not^ut aU 'blatme .oiv 
Duryodhana. , , 

23. Your understanding is like, boild- 
ing an embankment when the waters h^ve 
escaped, ft is like the digging of a w^ 
when the house is on fire, 

24. O descendant pf Bharata,..whe« the 
forenoon ha4<pa!>sed ^way.and(.llie, ^»^«l 
$wc^ had |>0eo , kHIvd < l^vyBitiMu^uid* tliaf 
great fearful battle, .r.,.?, /. 

li. Thati5lia^«ir df foet, Sanfclia.^fee 
^0Hi dt ''Viwka; tlfsh h<«ro WWd ^^rt^CiTHtfai^ 
dfeli^-iniib«t1e.l iieeh^p'^Siik^ ^taVforai 
with Kritavarman, -'^ v.r.iri swf 

26* BUi«ed'«ip In ahger ssfiv* ^^*lh OJne. 
;That grelrt^car^warrit^r,)' haVihg^ *m^\ch«tf 
jHis Ik>w that • iFesemt34ed il«e bOH "of It.df^ 
hinibclf, ''^ * * •■*'^ 





jji Riithed upon the Mudrii kth^ with 
the intention of killing him. He was sup- 
ported on all sides by irniumerable car- 

2S — 29. Pouring a shower of arrows, 
Sankha rushed towards the car of Salya. 
Seeing him advance like a mad elephant, 
•even ereat car-warriors on your side sur- 
rounded him in order to rescue the Madra 
king who was almost within the jaws of 

30. Roaring like the clouds and taking 
up a bow full six cubits long, the mighty- 
armed Bhisma rushed upon Sankha in 

31. Seeing that great car- warrior and 
ffreat bowman thus rush ( towards ) 
Samkha, the Pandava army began to tremble 
likft a boat tossed by the tempest. 

'3a. Then Arjuna quickly advanced and 
placed himself in front of Sankha in order 
10 protect him from Bhisma. Then a great 
battle was fought between Bhisma and 

^. O best of the Bharata riice, then 
Salya jumped down from his large car with 
his mace in hand, and killed t lie, four horses 
of Sankha'scar. 

34. Sankha leaped down from his car 
thus deprived of its horses, and taking a 
sword, he ran towards the car of Vibhatsu. 
He then got on it and oiKe more was at his 

36. There were shot from BhJsma's car 
innumerable arrows with which both the 
sky and the earth were covered. 

37. That foremost of heroes, Bhisma 
killed with his arrows innumerable troops of 
the Panchalas, the Matsyas, the Kekkyaa 
and the Prabhadraka hosts. 

38. Abandoning the battle with the son of 
Pandu vtx., Sabyasachin (Arjuna), Bhisma 
rushed towards Drupada. the Panchala 
king, who stood surrounded by his troops. 

39—41. As a forest is consumed by fire 
at the end of winter, so were the troops of 
Dnipada seen to be consumed (by Bhisma). 
Bhisma stood in that battle like a blai- 
tng fire without smoke, or like the sun at 
MKhday, scorching every thing around. 
The Pandava troops could not even look at 

4a. Afflicted with fear, the Pandava. 
troopa looked aroupd, and not finding ;uiy 
Moiector, thf^ appeared like . a hm of 
Kitic afflicted with cold. 

43. O descendant of Bluirat»» being 
slaughtered in great numbers and Gfushed 
when retreating, tlie Pandava troops cried 

Ok'' and ''AUs.' 

44 — 45. Then the son of Shantanu, Bhisma, 
with his bow always drawn to a circle, 
poured a continuous shower of arrows that 
resembled so many poisonous snakes. Creat- 
ing continuous lines of arrows in all 
directions, that vow-observing hero killed 
innumerable car-warriors of the Pandava's. 

46. When the Pandava troops were 
thus routed and crushed all over tne field, 
tlie sun set, the night can>e, and nothing 
could be seen. 

47. O best of the Bharata race, seeing 
Bhisma still proudly standing in battle, the 
sons of Pritba withdrew their forces. 

Thus ends the forty -ninth ch tbttr^ First 
days battle, in the Bhismavadha of th€ 
Bhisma Purva, 


Sa]\jaya said :— 

1. O best of the Bharata race, when thet 
troops were withdrawn on the first d^Y 
^of battle) and when Duryodhana Was ex- 
ceedingly glad in seeing Bhisma angry in 
the field of battle, 

2. Dharmaraja Yudhisthira soon went 
to Janardana with all his brothers ancf 
with all the kings on his side. 

3. Being ereatly afflicted with the defeat 
and seeing Bh tenia's prowess, O king, he 
thus spoke to the Vrishni chief (Krishna). 

4. *' O Krishna, behold that greatly 
powerful and mighty bowman Bhisma. He 
consumes my troops with his arrows as fire 
consun^es dry grass. 

5. How shall we even look at that illus- 
trious one who is consuming my troops like 
fire fed with Ghee. 

6. Seeing that foremost of men, that 
great warrior, armed with bow, my troops 
afflicted with his arrows, fly away (in all 

7. Even angry Yama himself^ or the 
wielder of tlie thunder-bolt (Indra) or the 
wielder of the noose, Varuna, or the* 
holder of the mace, Kubera, may be 
defeated in battle ; 

8. But the greatly effulgent and mighty 
car- warrior Bhisma is incapable of being 
defeated. Such being the case, I am sinking 
in the fathomless ocean (Bhisma) without a 

10. O Keshava» O Govbtda, when 
Bhisma is my foe» it is preferable for me to 
retire into the forest and live tl»ere. It is 
wrong, to. sacrifice these rulers of eariU to^ 



death in ttie person of BliUmn. Learned 
Hi W U in ;i11 weapons, O Krishna, he will 
ant»HiiIate my army. 

It. As insects rush into the blazing^ fire 
for tlieir own destruction, so do my troops 
in this fearful battle. 

12—14. O Vrishni chief, u^inf? prowess 
for the sake of acquirinif a kinfrdom. I am 
i>eingr f«nconsriou«5ly> led to destruction. 
My heroic brothers are all woimded with 
arrows for my sake. They are deprived of 
1)0th sovereiiifnty and liappinr^ss only 
throug^h the jjreat love they bear for 
their eldest brother. We highly regard 
life, for, under the circom<itances, life 
is very precious. Diirinjf the remainder 
of mv daj'S I will practise the severest 
asceticism. O Keshava, I shall not bring 
about the destruction of my friends. 

15. The miehtv Bhisma continuously 
kills with his celestial weapons many thou- 
sands of my car-warriors who are foremost 
of heroes. 

16. O Madhava, tell me soon what should 
be done for my ^^od. As regards A rjuna, 
I see he is Indifferent in this battle, 
he behaves like a spectator. 

17. The greatlv powerful Bhisma alone, 
remrmbefing Ks^iatriva duties, fiehts with 
all th^ prowess of his arms and to the 
utmost of his pr»wer. 

1 V 18. With his isrreat mftce that kills the 
heroes, this illustrious one (Bhisma), with 
th* best of his powers, achieves the most 

>v^|iMlicult feats on ':foot -soldiers, horses, cars 
and elepY^ajHs. 

19. O sire, this h^o, however, is in- 
capable of destroying in a fa<r fi^ht the 
- troop V 0/ our army if he tries for one 
hfinared i^ears. 

-7 ?p|. Tfhra yoi^r firiend f Arjuna> alone is 
J^anied in all *ire^pi)ns. Seeinir us consumed 
'by^tihiftoia and t^ie;, iHnslrious l>rona, he 

onl^ looks On us witiv, indifference. 

2t, The ...celestial weapons of Bhisma 
and. those, ^'Stjhe illustrious Drona are 
contifitioilsl/ consttming alT the Kshatriyas. 

^2. O Krishna, tmch is the prowess o^ 
Bhisma : if he is ^nf^rw he will, with the help 
of the longs (on his side), certainly anni- 
hilate uft. 

23. O lord of Voga, search out that 
greit bo^-ihan, that miehtv car-warrior 
who will be able to^ extineutsh Bhisma*s 
progress, as rain-chai^d clouds extinguish 
a Corcst-fire. 

24. O Govinda, through your f^nct the 
Pafidtras will recover their kingdom ^hen 
thi^ enemies will be killed, and they will be 
happy with th^h" kinsmen." ' • ' 

25. Having said this,* the high-souled 
' son of Pritlia, in great grief, remained silent 

for a long time in a reflected mood. ' 

26. Seeing the Pandava (Yudhisthira) 
afflicted with grief and deprived of his 
senses by sorrow, Govinda thus kpoke, 
giving excessive delight to all. 

27. " O best of the Bharala race, do not 
grieve. You should not grieve, when au 
\^ur brothers are heroes and illustrioul 

28. I am also engaged in doing good to 
you, so are the great car- warriors Satyaki, 
the revered Virata and Drupada and al^ 
the descendant of Prishata, Dhristadyumna. 

29. O best of kings, O monarch, all 
these kings with their troops are all in you'^ 
favouf. lliey are aH devoted to >'ou. 


30. This great car- warrior, this descen* 
dantof Prishata, this Dhristadyumna, who 
had been placed in command of your troopsi 
is always d^irous of your welfare. He ia 
ever engaged in doing wliat is agreeab(a 
to you. 

31. O mighty-armed hero, so also is 
Shikhandin who is certain to be the slayer 
of Bhisma." Having heard this the king 
(Yudhisthira) thus spoke to that great car- 
warrior Dhristadyumna, 

32. In that assembly and in the hearing 
of Vasudeva. '*0 Dhristadyumna, O des^ 
cendant of Prishata, mark the words I 
speak to you. 

33. The words uttered by me should not 
be transgressed. You have been appointecl 
the commander of our forces with the appro^ 
val of Vasudeva. 

34. O foremost of men, as in the day^ 

of yore, Kartikeya was the commander of 
the celestial army, so are 3'ou the comman- 
der of the Pandava army, 

35. O foremost of men, putting forth 
3'our prowess, kill the Kiiriis. O sire, I shall 
follow you Bhiitia and Krishna, 

36. The sons of Madri, the sons of 
Draupadi clad in armour and also all the 
other foremost of kings, O best of meo^ 
(will also follow 5'ou)." 

37. Then giving delight to all whs 
heard him, Dhristadyumna thus spoke; 
"O son of Pritha, I am the ordain'ed slayer 
of Drona. 

3S. I shall now fight-' wit>i Bhis4sii^ 
Drona, Kripa, Salya, Ji^Tulratha^ afidalf 
tlie other proud kings.'* 

39. When that chil^tiaer of foes, tbA% 
foremost of princes, that descefiStont of 
Prirhita (Dhristadyumna) defiantly ^9^6 
thus, the Pandava warriorii uho wcri aA 

. 7 



fpreally p->*erfuf, who were ad iiiG;«pable 
«4 being defeated, sent forth a kmd ^hout. 

40. *Then the at>n of Priiha, Yodhislhini. 
thU9 spoke to the descendam of Prishata 
iDhrisi^yumna), the cofQmander o^ hji 
army. f'A {>if/ia called KfaumshmrumM 
which is destmciive ef all foes 

• 41. And which wa« spoken of by 
Vfihaspati to Indra in the dai-s of old 
when the cele^ials and the Asuras fought, 
— kindly now form tliat Vyuha destructive 
o( tlie lio^itile troops. 

42. It was never before seen bv anv 
fme. Now let tlie kings see it with iho 
Kurus.'* Haring been thus addressed 
by that forero9st of men, as Vishnu is 
addressed by the wi^lder of thunder-bolt, 

43—45- He (Dhristadyumna) placed . 
phananjaya in front of the whole army 
iff the next morning. The standard of 
Dhanftnjaya. (Arjnna) which had been • 
made by ifie celestial artificer at the com- , 
Aland of Indra, l«H>ked exceedingly beautiful 
when it moved through the sky. Adorned 
with banners of the rain-bo«r colours, when 
'^ coiu^d through the air like a, raager of 
tt^es^ies, looking like a fleeting vapoury 
piansion in the sky, O sire, it appearec) |a^ 
gfide^i^ the patfi by which the 
<:ar went. 

. 46. The wklder of Gandiva with thai 
|ew^lled standard* and tha^ standard i|sel( 
yith the wielder of Gtmdiv^, looked ex,- 
c<gd inv;ly grand, as the self-create (^rahma) 
wMi th^ sun. 

^ • 

47. The king Drupada, suITO^nded by a 
\g^g^ niunber of troop;^. sjtood at the head 
of that Vyuha, becoming^ as if i^ head. 
The two kin^s Knntibhoia and ^aivya be- 
^a nc its two eyes^ 

48. O, best of the Btjiarata racei. th^ 
ru^rof the Dasarhas, the Prayagas, tb^ 
p^S^raka«, the Anupakas and t,h^ Kiratas 
ifftvt placea in its neck. 

49. O king, Yndhbtbifa with t^e Patent 
charas, th^ Hund^*), the Puravakas, and 
the Nishadas, l;>ecame its back^ 

5<^ Bhimas^a, the defendant of Pri- 
shata Dhristadumna, the s^n^ of Draupadv 
Abhimanyu, and, that great c^r- warrior 
Safyaki bikame its two wirtgs, 

5i-r-52^ Thjey were backed^ O jdescen- 
H;int of Bharata, by the Pishaqhas, the 
Darada*, the Pandras, the Kundavisas, 
the Mahdakas, th« Ladakas, the T;|ng;inas, 
the further Ta0gah;is, the Valbik^s, the 
Tittiras, the Pandyas, the Uddras, the 
5awiva)i, Ttffnbh^fni?,?.^ t|ic V^^s^ and, ,the 


•'*''' . .' , ^ ■ • 

53*-54^ Nakula aud Sahf^eva ftood 
in the left wing» On, ll>e xoii^^srof the wings 

s^od ten thousand car.warriors and on 
the bead siond one hundred thousand aed 
.HI the n;»ck one hundred miUiims and on the 
neck one hundred and seventy thousand. 

.55- On ih« j.jmis «*f tf>e wings, on the 

wm^s and iheextremeties of tl>e wings stood 

innumerable elephaau k>oking hke 90 many 

I blaaiig nouDtains. . *'. 

u.^L, TJ^ 7^^ ''^^ protected hy Viratas 
^cked by the K^hayas. the ruler of lb, 
Kn«;i^. and with the kmg of the Clicdi. 

Willi tliirty thousand car^ 

57. O descendant of Bharaia. tho* form- 
ing this great Vjntha the Pandnvas, at! dad 
m armour waited for the fnorpirg. 

5^- Their clean, costly .-.nd white uu>. 
brellas. as htiHiant as llic sun, shone nn 
the back of their elepiianis and over their 

Thtis ends the fiftieth chapter, Krannchm 
> Kf#/m maktng of the Panda-ras, in the 
Bhtsmavadha of the Bhisma P^trva. 


Sanjaya said : 

1—5. O Sire,^ O descenda;nt of Bh»<:alUi, 
seeing that great and fearful VrttUa, formed 
by tlic inmeasui^bly powerful Pandava. 
your son (Duryodhana) came 1 9 tlie precfpt<> 
or^ Kripa, Salya^ Somada^^'s son, yikarna. 
Aswatthnman and r|T his brothers, headd^ by 
Dushasana, andalsp all other mig;hty hero- 
es, assembled there for battYe, spoke rhes^ 
words giving gre?y pleasore to att, "You 
are armed with vnriom kinds of weapons, 
you are learned in" the Shasiras. O grval 
car-warriorsr each of you singly is capable 
of destroying the Pandavas with all thcie 

6. Htiw easy it is Cor you dien (to destroy 
thero) when you are united. Our army pnM 
tecied by Bhisma is unliixiijted a#vl (ficir 
^my protected by Bliima is limited. 

7—9. Let the Saoisthanas^ the 3ura^ 
senas, the Venikas, the K'jkkucas, dba 
^echakas, the Tyigantas, tlie -Madic^as, the 
Y^ivanas, with Satninjajfa ^nd ^Uj^iafu^ui, 
and with alsp ih^ great beqo. Vikama, 
N;).i)dfi, Upa^n^j^nda* an* Chiti^asena, witlf 
the Manibhadrakas protect Bh^Sni^ witll 
their respective troops." 

10. Q Sji!c^ ^Ijen jbbisnv*,; Prpna. ^ 
your sons: forme* ;a st^t^ Vjtjkm 
to resist that of the sons od rcitba» 



I r • Tlten^ liks the lord of the celesttalft 
(Indra), BbKma surrounded by innumerable 
^rop|>3f advanced at the he^id of 91 mighty 

i2-r-i4. O Wipg, that great bowman, that 
KreAtly powerful son of Bharadwaja (Prona) 
follawed htm with the Kun|a|a.s, the Pa-« 
samas, the Magadhas, the Vidarbhas, the 
Melakas, tlie Kamas, and th9 Paravarnai, 
the GAndharvas, the Sindhusauviras, the 
Stvis, and tjie Vasatis with their all eombat 
tancs. Saktnii .with a)t his troops protected 
ths son of Bharadwaja. 

15 — 16. Then king Diiryodhana with all 
his brothers ?|ccomp^nied by the Aswalalias» 
the Vikarnas, the Vamanas, the Kosalas, 
the Daradas, the Vrikas, the Kshudrakas 
and the M^Iavas, cheerfully advanced 
agtainst the Pandava ariny« 

17. O jir^. Bh^irisrava, Sala and Salya, 
OTiagadatt^, Vinda and Anuvinda of 
AVaitti protected the left win^. 

I ft, Spmad^tta* Su^arman. the ruler of 
I^^ambUajaj;, Sudbakshina. S^itayusand Sru- 
U>4s> prqteaed the right wing* 

19. Aswatthaman, Kripa, the Satwata hero 
Kritavarmanan.with tacige number of Uroops, 
protected the rear. 

20. Behind them stood many chiefs, 
Ketumity Va^uJana. and the powerful prince 
of KasJii. 

20. O descendant o( Bharata, then all 
your troops, when they were cheerfully 
waiting fbr battle, blew their cenchs and 
sent i'QTXii liori'lik^ roars. 

22. Hearing these shouits, the greatly 
pp\\(^rfiU and the venerable Kuru grandsire 
uttered a I1dn-4ike roar and Chen blew his 
CQnch \xi great deKght. 

23. Their conchs* d.ruuiSi Pe^his and 
c;ji'mbals were sounded by all, which creat- 
ed a ' f^earfu! din all over the field of 

24*, Krishna and Arjuna, riding on the 
rame c?.r yoked wijth (four) white horses, 
blew their excellent conchs adorned with 
g^oid ^nd, jewel . 

25. Hrisht^eslia (Krvshn^blew the concK 
called Panch^janya and Dhanaiijaya Deva- 
datta* That doer of fearful deeds, VrikoA 
dara. (BUima). blew his huge conch, caHed 

2^ The 9tHk of KjkinXi, YiAdhisthir;) , blew; 
the conch called Anantavijaya^ Nakul;^ 
ajid S^hadeya blew Sughosha and Mani* 

, .27*— zS* The King of lOtahi, and Saivya^ 
*tod Shtkhandin, the great car-warrior Dhri.*. 
sJ^VMmna and Virata a»d the great cai> 
vwn0rSal)iakitaQd tbat gceafi bownran tl» 

Panchala king, and also tlie five sons of 
Draiipadi, all blew their large conchs and 
sent forth I ton -like roars. 

29 — 30. That great uproar, thus uttered 
by those heroes resounded thriough the sky. 
O great king, thus again the Kurus and the 
Pandavas advanced against each other with 
tlie intention of fighting a great battle. 

Thus ends the fifty -first chapter, Kurn 
Vyuha, in the Bhismavadha of the B his mm 



Dbritllffnhtra said :-*- 

1, When my troops and the troops of oof 
foe wfre thus placed in battle-array, how 
did then the foremoat of warriors Bhisma 
b^in to strike ? 

Sanjaya said :— 

2. When all the troops were thu» placed 
in battle-array, the warriors all cJad iit 
armours waited with their excellent standards 

3^ Q king, seeing his army look fike the 
infinite ocean, your son Duryodhana, who 
stood within it, spoke thus to all his troop.^ 
"You arc all clad m armour. Now begin tn^ 

4,. Thee all the (Kuru) warriors, fi#U of 
cruel intentions and devoid of the deske of 
liviner« rushed upon the Pandavas with their 
standards all upraised. 

5. Then a: Cearful hair-stirring battk took 
place. Tbe cars andi elephants all go 
mixed up. 

6, Arrows with betotiful feathers 
and with sharp points s4¥ot by the cart 
warriors telF on the eYephan«s and the 

7 — 9. When the battle llwis began, t'le 
venerable Kuru grandf;ither, the mighty- 
armed and terribly powerful Blvisma, clad in 
armour, took up his bow and rushed, upon 
them. He poured* a shower of arrows on the 
heroic son ot SiibhadraiR on/ Bhima^ena, on 
the great c;¥'->waj;rior Arjuna, on the. ruler 
of the Kekayas, Virata, Prtshata prin^ 
Dhristadyumna and also on the Chedi and 
the Matsya warriors. 

i^. The great (Pandaua) VyuHuwsw&e^d 
at Uiat great attack made by. that (Kuru) 
hero. Tlie battsle that was then ik>ught by 
tiiG combatants wa& fearful. 



11. Many borscmen and car- warriors 
Mnd best of horses felt in quick siiccessioh. 
Many car-warriors of the Pandava began 
to run away. 

12. Then that foremost of men, Arjima, 
Beeing the great car-warrior Bhtsma 
(destroying the Pandava troops) thus an- 
grily spoke to the Vrtshni prince (Krishna 
Ills charioteer) " Go to tlie place where the 
grandfather Is." 

13. '* O descendant of Vrishni. it is 
apparent that Bhisma, in anger, will anni- 
hilate our troops for the good of 

14 — 15. O Janardana, Drona, Kripa, 
Salya, Vikarna with the sons of Dhrita- 
rashtra headed by Duryodhana and pro- 
tected by this great bowman (Bhisma) will 
destroy the Panchatas. O Janardana, 
1 shall, therefore, kill Bhisma for the good of 
my troops." 

16. To him thus spoke Vamdcva, " O 
Dhananjaj'a, O hero, be careful, for I shall 
soon take you near the grandfather's 

17. O king, having said this, Sourin 
(Krishna) took that world -renowned chariot 
in front of Bhisma's car. 

18 — 19. With countless banners flying, 
with horses as handsome as a flight of 
cranes, with the standard upraised ; with 
the ape (on thai standard) roaring fearfully, 
that son of Pandu (Arjuna) came slaugh- 
tering the Kurus and the Surasenas on nis 
large car as effulgent as the sun ; the rattle of 
the car- wheel of which resembled that of 
the clouds. 

20—23. That enhancer of the Joy 
of his friends soon came to the fight. The 
son of Shantanu, Bhisma, protected by the 
warrbrs headed by the Sindhu king and by 
the warriors of the east and also by the 
Kekayfls impetuofiisly met him who was 
rushing Kke a mad elephant, thus fright- 
ening the brave warriors and destroying 
the troops with his sharp arrows. Except 
the Kuru grandsire, and those car-warriors, 
Drona and Vikartana's son, who else was 
able to withstand in battle the wielder of 
Gandiva 7 O king of kings, Bhisma, the 
grandfather of the Kurus,. 

24. Struck Arjuna with seventy-seven 
arrows, Drona struck him with twenty-flvei 
Kripa witb fifty, 

25. Duryodhana with sixty-four, Salya 
with nine, Drona's. son ' (Aswatthama) 
that foi^mpst pf men, with sixty, Vikarna 
wilH three, the Sindhu king with nine, and 
Sakuni With five ; O king, Artayant stnick 
the Pandava with three broad-headed 

arrows. Though struck on all sides, wtth 
sharp arrows, that great bowman, 

26—31. That mighty-armed one, stood 
unmoved as a mountain. Thereuponi 
<haf greatly powerful hero (Arjuna^, of im- 
measurable strength, pierced Bhisma with 
twenty- five, Knpa with nine, Drona with 
sixty, Vikarna with three. Artayani with 
three and also the king (Onryodhana) with 
(\ve arrovi's. Then Satyaki, Viratay 
Prishata prince Dhistad^umna, tkm sons 
of DraapadU and Abhimaayn all came 
there to help him. Then tlie Panchala prince, 
supported by the Son^^kas, rushed upon the 
great bowman Drona who was aiding the 
son of Ganga (Bhisma). Then Bhisma, that 
best of all car- warriors, soon wounded that 
son of Pandu 

32—35. With eighty sharp arrows, on 
seeing which your warriors were all very 
much delighted. Having heard the jovona 
shouts of the warriors, that foremo^ o£ 
car- warriors, that greatly powerful Dha- 
nanjaya rushed amongst those foremost pf 
cac-warriors. O king, he t spotted' with his 
bow aiming (with succes*;) 1ii?alfH>ws a^ those 
great car-warriors. Then*-- that ruter of 
men, Duryodhana, seetnjt his Croops muck 
afflicted by that son of Pandu. ^oke thua, 
to Bhisma, " O sire, O son of Ganea, this 
mighty Pandava, accompanied by Krjshna> - 
cuts down our roots by destroying piir troops 
though .yoti. and that foremost ^^ of car- 
warriors, Drona, are ali\'e. 

• • * .' 

37. . O.king, it is only for you that Karna 
has laid aside his weapons and does not 
fight with the sons of Pritha, though he is 
a great friend of mine. 

38. O son of Ganga, therefore do that 
by which this Falguna (Arjuna) might be, 
killed." O. king, having been thus ad- 
dressed, your father Devavrata 

39—40. Said " Fie to Khastriya usage" 
and then he went towards the car of Partl»a« 
O king, all the chiefs, then seeing both 
those two warriors face to face for fight 
with white horses yoked to their chariots, 
sent up a lion -like roar. They also blew 
their ronchs. Then Drona's son and your 
son, Duryodhana and Vikarna 

41 — 42. All stood, O sire, snrroundinjjr 
Bhisma in that great battle. So did the 
Pandavas also stand surrounding Dhanan» 
jaya in that fearful battle. The fight than 
oegan. The son of Ganga wounded Partha 
with nine arrows. 

43 — 48. Arjuna wounded him in returfi 
with ten arrows. Then with one thousaitp- 
arrows well -shot. \\\t Pandava Arjuna, ev^r 
celebrated for his skill in arms, covered- 
Bhisma on all sides. That net of arrawi 
of Partha, king, was soon dispelled by 



another counter- net of arrows shot by the 
son of Shantanu, Bhisma. Both beitif well* 
^easea and both taking deNght iti oattle, 
toyght with each other, none] of them gaining 
any advantage over the other. The 
continuous downpour of arrows shot from 
Bhisui^s bow were all b^ifHed by those shot 
from th« bow of Arjuna. So also the shower 
of arrows shot by Arjuna, was all cut down 
to the ground by the Ganga's s*on. Arjuna 
then wounded Bhisma with twenty-five 
sharp arrows. Bhisma also hi that battle 
wounded Partha in return with nine arrows. 

49 — 50* Those two great warriors, those 
two chastisers of foes,lwounded each other's 
horses, and cut down each other's car- 
wheels and shafts. Then, O king, Bhisma, 
that best of heroes, 

51 — 52. Struck Vasudeva on his breast 
with three arrows. O king, struck with three 
arrows tlie slayer of Madhu (Krishna) shone 
like a budded Kinsuka tree. Then seeing 
MacOiava thus pierced, Arjuna 

53 — 5^' Wounded the charioteer of the 
son of Ganga with three arrows. Tryin^y 
to strike each other's charioteers^ thev could 
not take aim at each other in that fight. 
O king, for the great ability and dexterity of 
the charioteers of both those . warriors, 
their cars made beautiful circles by advan- 
cing and retreating. O kiuj^, seeking 
opportunity to strite eadi other, they 
often changed their positions to t^ke aim 
at each other. Both of them blew their 
conchs and often sent forth lion-like roars. 

57 — 58. With the sound of their conchs 
and the rattle of their car* wheels, the 
very earth appeared to be ren{ asunder. 
She began to tremble. Subterranean n •tse 
was heard. O foremost of the Bharata 
race, none could detect any defect in any 
of them. 

59. Both of them possessed great prowess 
and great courage in battle. Each was 
other's match. Seeing his (Bhisma 's) 
standard alone, the Kurus could come 
near him ; 

60—^2. So could the Panda vas also 
conte to Partha by recognising his stand- 
ard ak>ne. O kmg, seeing the prowess 
tiras displayed by those two foremost of 
tnen, O descendant of Bharata, aH persons 
m tKat great battle were filled with wonder. 
None marked any difference l>etween the 
two. Both of them were perfectly iunsible 
by tlieir continuous showers of arrows. 

iA— 65. doon again both of them became 
vti d ii e . Seeing their great prowess, the 
Gaadharvas, tlie Charanas. the great Kishin 
and the cele^ials thus spoke to one another, 
'^Thate (two) great car-warriors, when 
angry 9 are ineapable of being van- 

qnishcfd even b^ all the worlds including the 
celestials, the Gandharvas and the Asuras* 
This exceeding* ly wonderful battle will b«( 
con:iidered wonderful by all the worlds," 

66—68. Such a battle as this will never 
take place again. Bbisina is incapable ol 
being vanquished in battle by the greatly 
wise Partha though he showers his arrows 
on the bow, car and steed of the forms. So 
also is that great bowman, the Panda v;t' 
(Arjuna), incapible ol beiitg vanquished in 
battle by even the celestials. Bhisma is not 
competent to defeat hitn. As long as the- 
world would last, so long would this battle 
be fought equally on both the sides." 

69. O king, we heard these words full 
of praise of both the son of Ganga and the 
son of Pritha. 

70 — 71. O descendant of BharAta, when 
these two were fighting with each other/ 
other warriors of your side and uf that of- 
the Pandavas killed one another with sharp 
swQrds and polished battle-axes, with innu- 
merable arrows and various kinds of othert 

J2s So long that fearful battle continued, 
heroic warriors of both sides cut one 
af^pther. down. O kjng«. the. battle that 
was fought between Drona and the Pancliala 
prince was also very fearful. 

Thus ends the fifty'Second chapter, fig^^ 
between Bhixma and Arjuna, in iht 
Bhi^pii^ayadha 0/ the Bhisma Parva. 


Dhiritarashtra said :— 

1. O Sanjaya, tell me how that great 
bowman Drona and the Panchala prince, 
the scion of the Pri^iata race, fought with 
each other in that great battle. 

2. When Shantanu's son, f^inmn. cmild 
not escape the .son of Pandn (Arjuna) in 
battle, O Sanjava, 1 consider Destiny to 
be supreme over exertion. 

% When enraged in battle Bhi<ima 
could destroy all the mohik and immobile 
creatures ; O Sanjava. whv ci»uld he not 
then escape the Pand>«va (Arjuna; in battle 
with his great prowess 7 

Sanjaya said :-- 

4. O king, hear about this fearful battle. 
The son of Pandn (Arjuna) is incapable 
of beinie vanqnisheil by even the celestial^ 
with India at iheir head. 



5. Witb varioiw kind* of arrowy Drona 
wotinded DhrisHaiiyumna and he cot down 
lii$ cliarioteer from his place on the car, 

6. O sire, the an^ry warrior, (Drona) 
i(ho wkh four arro^Vi, wounded the four 
^xceHent horsci of Dhristadyuinu;!. 

7. The brave Dhristadyumna also woun- 
ded Drona with nine sharp arrows, ex- 
claiming "Wait" ••Wait." 

8. Thereupon the greatly powerful and 
high-souled son of Bharadwaja (Drona) 
covered wiUi his arrows tluj angry DUrUu- 

9. Me then toote up a terrible arrow for 
tile destruction of the Prtsliata prince. It 
irc^embled in force the thunder-boll of Salcra- 
it looked like a second rod of Yama. 

u>. O descendant of Bharatai seeing 
thacarraw aimed by the son of Bharadwajat 
4II the troops cried *'Oh" and *'Alas". 

' tx. But we then «m the great prowess 
<jf Dhtistadywrma. He stood immovable 
nke a ntoontam m timt battle. 

12. He cut down that terrible and 
biasing arfow which was rusliirvg towards 
him like Ins own deatKr. He then poured 
a shower of arrows on the son of l^tanrad-^ 

13. Seeing that very great difficult feat 
achieved by Dhristadyumna, the Panchalas 
and the Pandkvas were all filled with delight. 
They, again and again, sent forth loud 

14. Then with the desire of killing him, 
that greatly powerful prince shot at Drona 
a dart of gtiekt force addmed with gold 
and Vaidurja gems. 

45. ThereupotT the son of Bharadwafja 
smilingly cut down into three* parts thai 
d.irt adorned with gold and gems tfrat 
was coming towards him with great force. 

16; O king, having seen his dart thus 
bafited, Che greatly powerful Dhristadyumna 
poured a shower of arrows on Dnona. 

ijy Then that great car- warrior, Drona, 
h:ifning that show«r of arrows, cut off cl>e 
biiwWthe son of Drupada at a favourable 

18. When his bow was thus cut ofF in that 
battle, that highly and illustrious warrior 
ImHed on Drona a mace witli the* firmness 
of ^ mountain. 

19. Having been thus hurled by his 
hand, that fearful mace flew through the sky 
for the destruction of Drona. Tlien again 
w^ sav^ . tlie wonderful prowess of Bharad- 
WajaS son. 

.;ia-7-3i. , He baHled tlwt mace decked 
with gold, and haviegbtofAed ii, he sitot at 

the Prishata (n-ince mhny sharp arixnvs well* 
tempered, and furnished With golden wings. 
Penetrating the anaour tyf tlie PrisbaCa 
prince, they drank, his bk>ocL 

i2. Then the illustrious Dhristadyumna 
to<ik up another bow, and with all hti 
strength he wounded Drona with five 

2.;. Then those two forenwst of meoi 
covered with blood, looked as beautiful as 
the Kinsuka flowers in spring. 

24^-25 Then that ^igh^soUldd hero« 
(Drona) cut down liis bow and with 
cotntUess arn>ws covered the Prishafi prince 
(Dliristadyumna) on all sides as clouds 
shower rains.on a mountaia. 

26 — 27. He felled his adversary's dta^ 
rioteer from his place, he also cut down 
his four horses with four sliarp arrows. 
With another arrow he cut off tlic leathern 
fence of Dri»tadyumna^s hand. 

28. When bis bow was thus out doaAa 
again, when he was thus deprived of his car 
and when his steeds were thus kiHed and 
his charioteer overthrown, the Panchala 
prince, displaying great prowess, jumped 
down from his car with a mace in hand. 

29. But, O descendant of Bharata, before 
he could come down from Ins car, Dronai 
cut down his mace into many fra^ienis^ 
It was a wonderiul feat. 

30. Then the mi^ty-armed Pandhala' 
prince took up a large ^d beiutififl shield^ 
decked with hundred (golden) rnoOn^ and 
also a large sword of excellent make. 

31. He, then with ^eat itfipetuoslty* 
rushed towards Drona with the intention of 
kilHng hniv, as a hungry lion rurts toWartls' 
a mad elephant in the forest. 

32 — ^33. Then we again saw the wonderful 
prowess of Bharadwaja's son, — wonderiul 
was the lightness of hands in ushig the 
weapon, and also his strength of arhi^. 
He alone Checked the Prishata prince with a 
shower of arrovrs. TliDUgh he* possessed 
great prowess, he could not proceed further. 

. 34. We then saw that the great car- 
warrior Dhristadyumna stood where he was. 
He warded oS .those showers of arrows 
using hi»arm&with-greatdexterily. 

35. * Then'tHe greatly strong an^ ^jBj/tty 
BhiinfiSena soon carne there with the' desire 
clt helping the Prisl^ati princS in tfiat* 

36. O kitig, he Wounded Drona wiVh 
seven sharp arrows. He soon took up thtf 
Prishata prhicc on a car. 

37. Then king Duryodhana asked t^e 
ruier of Kaiinga to go -to the rfscye^^^ 



fehAradwaJas son with a Urge number of 

38. O lord af men, then those countless 
Kalii>gas rushed against Bhima at the 
command of your son. 

39. Then that foremost of car-warriors, 
Drona abandoned the Panchala prmce and 
hiet Virata and Drupada both together. 

40. Dhristadyumna (hen went to support 
Yudhisthira in battle. I'lien a fearful and 
hair-stirring battle was fought 

41. Between the Kalinjjas and the 
illustrious Bhima, — a battle which Was 
fearful and all-destroying. 

Thus ends the fifty-third chapter, fight 
ietween Dhristadyumna and Drona, in the 
Bhismavadha of the Bhisma Parva, 

(BHISMAVADHA ?\RVK)-'Continued. 

IHiritarashtra said x— 

I — a. How did the Kalinga king, that 
commander of a large army, having be^n 
asked by my son and supported by his 
troops, fight in battle with that doer of 
wonderful deeds, the mighty Bhimasena, 
that hero who roved over the field of battle 
with his club 7 

Saiqaya said :— 

3. O great king, thus asked by your son, 
the mighty Kalinga king accompanied by 
large army, advanced towards the chariot 
of Bhima. 

4—5. O descendant of Bharata, Bhima- 
sena, then, supported by the Chedis, rushed 
towards that lar|;e^and mighty Kalinga army 
consisting of many cars, horses, and ele- 
phants. It was armed with great weapons. 
It was advancing towards him with Ketumat, 
the son of the Nishadlia king, at its head. 

6. Inflamed in anger, Srutayush, clad in 
armour, followed by hb troops in battle* 
arr»y and accompanied by king Ketumat, 
came in front of Bhima. 

7. The Kalinga king with many thou- 
^nd cars, and Ketumat with ten thousand 
elephants and also the Nishadas, 

8. All, O king, surrounded Bhimasena 
on all sides. Then the Chedis, the Matsvas, 
^nd'thte Kamshas* with Bhimasena at their 

9. And with many other kings, rushed 
with great force against the Nishada<;. 
Tberr tbok place a fearful and* terriUle 

10. Between the warriors of both the 
sides, — all rushing forward with the desire 
to kill one another. Fearful was the 'battle 
that was fought between Bhima and his 

II — 13. O great king, it resembled the 
bnttle that was fought between Indra and 
the great host of the Danava^. O^ descen* 
danl of Bharata, loud uproar rose* from that 
mighty army fighting in that battle. It re- 
sembled the sounc^ o? the roaring ocean. O 
king, they cut down one an'other and made 
the whole field resemble a crematorium 
strewn with fTesh and blood. Impelled by 
the desire to kill, they could not di»tinguistl 
friends from foest 

14. Those brave warriors who Were 
incapable of being easily defeated, cut cknvn 
even their own friends. Fierce was the 
struggle that took place between the few 
and the many, 

15. Between the Chedis and the Kalingas 
witli the Nishadas. Displaying their prowess 
to t he best of their power, the powerful 

16 — 17. Chedis abandoned Bhimasena 
and turned back. Wheh the Chedis turned 
back, that son of Pandu, Bhimasena met 
all the Kalingas. He did not turn back 
dependmg on the strength of his own arms. 
The gfreatly powerful Bhimasena did not 
move ; from his car, 

18. He covered th^ Katingas with 
showers of sharp arrows. Then tnat great 
bowman, the ICalinga \ti\\g and that car- 
warrior, his son, 

19. Named Sakrad^va, both attacked 
the Pandava (Bhima) with ten arrows. 
But shaking his beautiful bow, the mighty* 
armed Bhimasena, 

20. Fought with the Kalin^ king, 
depending^ only on his owh prdwe?s of arms. 
Sakradeva sh(^ innumerable arrows' in that 

21. A rtd killed Bhimasena's horis^s witli 
them. Seeing that chastiser of foes deprived 
of his car, 

22. Sakradeva rushed upon him ; andf 
athot many sharp arrows, O ^reat' king, on 
Bhimasena ; the mighty Sakradeva poured 
d shower of arrows as clouds poixv rain after 
the summer is gone. 

23. But the greatly Strong Bhinia stayed 
on that car, the horses of* which had beeit* 
killed. He hurled from it at Sakradeva a" 
mace made of the* hardest iron. 

24 — 25. Killed by that fearful mace, O 
king,' the son of thie Kalinga king fell down 
with his standard and charioteer. Then' 
that great car-w;irrior the Kalinga king, 
teeing his stm killed. 




26---27. Surrounded Bhima on all sides 
with innumerable troops ; then the greatly 
strong and mighty-armed Bhima took up a 
sword with the desire of performing a 
great feat. O king, that foremost of men 
also took up a matchless »liield made of 
the hide of a bull. 

' 28 — 29. It was adorned with stars and 
crescents made of gold. The Kalinga king 
^so in great anger rubbed his bow-string 
and took up a poisoned Sakti. He shot 
It at Bhimasena with the desire of killing 

30- O king, Bhimsena however soon 
iWiih his big sword cut down that sharp 
arrow whkrh was rushing towards him with 
jjreat impetuousiiy. . 

. 3'» He then in ^reat delight sent up a 
•loud shout which fiUed the troops with 
4error. Thr Kalinga king, being very 
wueh enraged in fighting with Bhimasena, 

•• S^—33' Soon hurled upon him fourteen 
.d^rts with lieads made of stone. The 
migh^y-armed Pandava (Bhima) soon cut 
them down into many fragments, O king, 
before they couW reach him. Having cut 
down in that battle those fourteen arrows, 

34— 35' That foremost of men, on seeing 
Bhanumat rushed upon him. Bhanuiiiat 
thereupon covered Bhima with a shower of 
arrows. He set up a loud s^hout making 
the sky resound with it. Bhima however 
could not bear that lion-like shout in that 

36. Possessing as he does a fearfully 
loud voke, he also sent up a very loud slwut. 
At his fearful shouts, the Kalingas were 
fiHed with great alarm. 

. 37« O best of men,- they no longer qon- 
sidercd Bhima as a human being. O king 
of kings, then setting up a loud shout, 

. 3^— 39« With a sword in his hand, 
nimped upon the excellent elephant (of 
Bhanumat) ; and with the help of the tUsk 
?i^^^^ ?''®^^ elephant, Ive got on its back. 
Then with his huge sword, he cut down 
Bhanumat in two distinct parts. Having 
killed the Kalinga prince, that chastiser 
of foes, 

. 40. Mafde his huge sword, whkh was 
(|apable of bearing a great strain, discend 
on the nfick of the elephant. His head thus 
cut off, tliat great elephant fell with a 
tremendous roar, 

, 4F. Asa mountain peak. falls when eaten 
up by (the waves of the) sea. O descendant 
of Bharata, jumpiag. down from th^t falling . 
elephant, that descendant of Bharata« 

• 4^—45' Clad in armoxir, stood art tha 
ground with his sword in his hand. Cutthij/ 
down m^ny elephants on all sides, he roved 
about making his way (througli the troops 
of the enemy). He appeared to be liktf 
a moving wheel of fire. He slaughtered 
innumerable horsemen, elepliants ^nd car- 
warrk>rs and foot soldiers. That foremost 
of men, the mighty Bhima was seen to 
move about tlie field with tl>e speed of the 
hawk, cutting off with his sharp sword the 
bodies and lieads of countless men (on foot) 
and also of those wlio were on elephant. 

46. Thus fighting on foot in great rage 
like Yama himself at the universal dissolu- 
tion, he struck terror into the hearts of his 
enemies. Those brave warriors all becaii>c 

47. Only those that were foolish came 
rushing at him who was roving about that 
field of battle with sword in his hand. 

48. That mighty chastiser of foes, cut 
off the shafts and yokes of those warriors 
on their cars, and he then killed them. 

49. O descendant of Bharata, Bhima- 
sena was seen to display various kinds of 
motions. He wheelcKl about and whirled 
about on high. He made side-thrusts, jump- 
ed forward, ran above and leapt high. 

50. O descendant of Bliarata, he was 
seen to rush forward and rush upward. 
Some, mangled by that illustrious son oC 
Pandu with his sword. 

51 — ^52. Shrieked aloud ; some, mortally 
wounded, fell down and was killed. O 
disceiidant of Bharata, many elephants, 
some with their trunks and tlie tasks cut oflF, 
others with their temporal i^lubes cut open, 
fell down uttering fearfuF cries. 

53 — 57* O king, broken lances, heads 
of elejph^nt-drivers, beautiful housing of 
elephants, chords as shining as gold, collars, 
darts, mallets, quivers, various kinds of 
machines, beautiful bows, short arrows 
with polished heads, hooks and screws, 
various sorts of bells and behs decked with 
gold,— these were seen falling or already 
fallen on the field of battle. With elephants 
having the fore parts and hind parts of 
tlieir bodies and trunks cut off or entirly 
killed, the battle field appeared to he stjrewii 
with fallen cliffs. Havmg thus killed many 
huge elephants that foremost of men then 
began to destroy the horses. 

58. O descendant of Bharata, that hero 
felled many foremost of horse-men. O sire 
that battle that was fought belween him'and 
those soldiers was exceedingly fearful. 

5^ — 60. Hilts, traces, goldeif saddles, 
girths, covers for the horses, b^arded^ darts* 



costly swords, armours, shields, and beaiiii- 
fill ornaments, were seen by us strewn over 
the ground in iliat great battle. 

61—^3. He caused the earth to be 
covered with blood, thus making her look 
as if she were variegated with filies. The 
mighty Pandava, jumping high and drag* 
ging down some car-warriors, cut them 
clown with their standards. Often jumping 
up and frequently rusliing on all sides, that 
greatly powerful hero roved about and filled 
all the troops with wonder. Some he killed 
by his legs, some he dragged down and 
pressed them into the earth. 

64. Others he cut down with his sword, 
others again he frightened with his terriWc 
roars. Others he threw down by the force 
of his thighs. . 

65—68. Others again fied away on 
simply seeing 4um. It was thus that the great 
and powerful army of tlic Kalingas sur* 
rounded Bhimasena and rushed upon him. 
O best of the BharaU race, seeing Sruta- 
yush at the head of the ICalin^a troops, 
Bhimasena rushed at him. Seeing him 
come, the Kalinga king wounded Bhima- 
sena with nine arrows. Wounded by those 
arrows shot by the Kalinga king, like an 
elephant pierced by the hook, 

60—70. Bhimasena blazed up in wrath 
like a fire fed with fuels, Then that best 
of charioteers, Asoka, soon brought a car 
decked with gold, and he caused Bhima to 
mount upon it. Therupon that chastiser of 
foes, the son of Kunti (Bhima) soon mounted 
on that car, 

^i — 7^. Then hit rushed towards the 
Kalinga king, shouting -Wait" -Wait". 
Then the g^ratly powerful Srutayush, in 
vreat anger, shot at Bhima many sharp 
arrows a^ thus displayed his great light- 
ness <^ hands. Oking. thus wounded by 
those nine sharp arrows shot by the 
i^inga King from his excellent bow, that 

frreat warcior Bhima blazed up in anger 
ike a snake struck with a rod, 

y4^ Then that foremost of powerful men, 
thai son of Priiha, Bhima in great anger- 
drew fiis bow to its^hest stretch, and 
nnied ^le Kalinga king with seven iron 

75« With two arrows he killed the two 
powerful AirMtctors of his car-wheels; he 
also kflle4»Q'ad€Va and Satya. 

76. T^ liigh-soulcd Bhima then with 
many sharp arrows caused the destruction 
of Ketumat. 

77. Thereupon the Kalinga warriors m 
great anger met the angry Bhimasena in 
battle backed by many thousands of com - 

78. O king, armed with darts and maces 
and swords and lances and scimitars and 
battle-axes, the Kalingas by hundreds and 
thousands surrounded Bhimasena. 

79. Resisting that shower of arrows, 
that great warrior (Bhima) then took up hi^ 
fearful mace. He then jumped down from 
his car in great speed. 

80-83. Bhima then killed seven hun- 
dred heroes ; that chastiser of foes then sent 
two thousand Kalingas to the region of 
Death.' It was a wonderful feat ; it was thus 
that the heroic and the fearfully strong 
Bhima again and again killed in that battle 
a very large number of the Kalingas. Ele- 
phants were deprived of their riders by that 
son of t»andu. Aflflictcd with arrows they 
roved about the field, treading down innu- 
merable troops and uttering roars like 
th6se of the clouds. 

84. Then the miglity-armed Bhima with 
his sword in his hand blew in great delight 
his fearfully roaring conch. 

85. With that tremendous sound the 
hcaru of the Kalinga troops began to 
tremble in fear, O chastiser of foes, the 
Kalingas appeared to have lost all cons- 

86—88. All the combaUnts and all the 
animals trembled in fear. By Bliimasena's 
roving about over the field of battle like an 
infuriated elephant, and by his frequent 
jumping up.—a short of trance came over 
the foe. The whole Kalinga army trem*- 
bled in fear like a large lake agiuted by ah 

89—90. Struck with pan^c, the Kalingas, 
fled away in all directions. When they were 
rallied again, the commander of the Pan- 
dava army (Dhristadyumna)^^ then ordered 
his troops, exclaiming "fight". 

91. Having heard the word of their com- 
mander, many heroes headed by Shikhan- 
din came to the help of Bhima, supported 
by many weW-skiUed car- warriors, 

92. The Pandava, king Yudisthira 
Dharmaraja folUwed all of them behind 
with a large force of elephants, each of the 
colour of clouds. , 

93. Thus urging all his troops, the Pri- 
shata prince surrounded by many great 
warriors went to protect one of the wings 6i 
Bhima's troops. 

94. To the Panchala prince, there was 
nontf denrer than life on earth except 
Satyaki and Bhima. 

95. That slayer of hostile heroes, ih^ 
Prishata prince saw that chastiser of foes, 
the mighty-armed Bhimasena fighting 
among the Kalingas, 




96. O chastiser of {pe», O kinp, He 
^ent forth many loud shouU an4 filled all 
^ is troops with deli^h(. He blew his conch 
and uttered a lion-like roar, 

97. Seeing the red standard of Dhrista- 
jdyumna's car decked with ^old and yoked 
with milk white steeds, Bhimasena becaiae 
much encouraged. 

98. The high-souled Dhristadyumna, see- 
ing lihim^sena attacked by the innumer*- 
^1^ Kalingas rushed to his rescue. 

99. Seeing Satvaki at a distance, those 
two greatly powerful heroes Dhistadyumna 
and Vrikodara furiously fell upon the 

100. The foremost of men, the descen- 

made of Satkya iron. He tlien jumped 
down from iiis car. 

112. But Dhristadyumna soon took up 
that forem,ost of car -warriors on his own car. 
He then took a%vay that illustrious hero in 
the sight of all the warriors. 

113. Satyaki however, in order to do 
what is agreeable to Bhima, cut down with 
his arrows the charioteer of the revered 
Kuru grandfather. 

114. When his charioteer was thus 
killed, that foremost of car-warriors Bhisnni 
was borne away from the battle field by his 
horses which ran with the speed of wind. 

115. O king, when thit great car* 
warrior was thus carried away from tt>e 

dant of (Sinij, that best of all warriors ; field of battle, Bhima blazed up like a great 
(Satyaki) also soon came to the spot and ^ fire when it consumes dry grass. 

defended the wings of both Bhima and the 
Prishata prince. 

loi. With his big bow in his hand, 
he created a great havoc. Making him- 
self fierce in the extreme, he began to kill 
the enemy. 

102. Bhima caused a river of blood to 
flow, — it was made of the flesh and blood 
of the Kalingas. 

103.. O king, seeing Bhima in this fear- 
ful fight, all the troops exclaimed, " This 
one vviio is fighting in Bhima's shape with 
the Kalingas is Yama himself." 

104. Having heard their cries, the son 
pf San tan u, Bhisma, surrounded on all sides 
by rnany warriors, soon pame to Bhima. 

105. Thereupon Satyaki, Bhima, and the 
Piibhata prince Phfistadyumna all rushed 
towards Bhisma's car decked with gold. 

106. All of them' soon surrounded the 
hon of Ganga. Without losing a moment 
they wounded Bhisma each with tln-ee 
fearful arrows. 

107. Your father Devavrata, wounded 
each of these mighty bowmen with three 
straight arrows in return. 

108. Having checked those mighty car- 
warriors with thousands of arrows, he 
killed with his arrows the horses of Bhuna 
clad in golden armour. 

109. Tbe greatly strong Bhima however 
stood op the car, the horses of which were 
killed. He then with great force hurled 
a dart at Bhisma. 

1 10. Your father Devavrata cut off in 
that battle that dart before it could readi 
his car. It then fell in fragments on the 

111. Then that foremost of men, Bhima- 
'scna took up a heavy and mighty mace 

116. Having killed all the Kalingas, O 
best of the Bharata race, he stood in the 
midst of the troops, and none dared to with* 
stand him. 

117. O best of the Bharata race, praised 
by the Panda vas and the Matsyas, ne em« 
braced Dhristadyumna and then went to 

118. That foremost of the Yadus, that 
irresistible hero Satyaki then thus spoke t9 
Bhimasena in the presence of Dhrbta* 

119. "By good luck the Kalinga king, 
also the Kalinga prince Ketumat and also 
Sakradeva of that country and also all the 
Kalingas have been killed by you in this 

120. The army of the Kalingas, consisting 
of many thousands of cars, ^ elephants, 
horses, noble warriors and heroic comb?, 
tants, has been destroyed by your prowess 
of arms alone". 

121. Having said this, the mighty • 
armed grandson ot Sini the chastiser of 
foes embraced the son of Pandu (Bhima). 
He then quickly got upon his car. Then 
that great car-warrior began to kill the 
troops in anger, thus strengthening the 
the nands of Bhima. 

Thus ends the fifty -fourth chapter, the 
death of the Kalinga king, in the Bhisma^ 
vadha of the Bhisma Parva* 


Continued » 

Saiyaya said :— 

I. O descendant of Bharata, when tha^ 
dri}' pasbcd away, when the deslructipn of 



can, clc^^liants, horses, (ool-soldiers and 
hprsemen wftiit apacc« 

2. The Panchala prince fought with 
Drona's son (Ashwathaman), Salya, and 
the illustrious Kripa. 

3. The migrhty heir-apparent of the king ' 
of Panchala with many sharp arrows killed 
the horses of Drona's son who is celebrated 
all «vtr the ^orld. 

4. Deprived of hi? horses, Drona's son 
soon got upon the car of Salya and 
showered his arrows on the Fanchala 

5. O descendant of Bharata, seeing 
Dhrishtadyumna fighting with Drona's 6on» 
the son of Subhadra (Abhimanyu) ran up 
showering his fearful arrows. 

6. O best of the Bharata race, he 
wounded Salya with twenty-five arrows 
and Kripa with nine arrows and Ashwa- 
thaman with eight. 

7. Drona's son also soon wounded Arju- 
ea's son with many winged arrows ; Salya 
also pierced him with twelve arrows, — 
Kripa shot at him three sharp arrows. 

8. Your grandson Lakshmana then 
Vushed at Subhadra's son in anger, and a 
fearful battle began between the two. 

9. In that fifht Durvedhana's son in 
9nger wounded Subhadra s son with many 
^hafp arrows. O king, it was a vionderful 

10. O best of the Bharata race, the 
Jight-handed Abhimanyu, also being very 
much enraged, soon wounded his cousin 
with five hundred arrows. 

11. O king, Lakshmana also with his 
arrows cut down (his adversary's) bow 
staff, on seeing which all the troops sent up 
a loud shout. 

12. Then that slayer of hostile heroes, 
Subhadra's son, throwing aside the broken 
bow, took up another beautiful and tough 

13. Thereupon tliose two foremoatof men, 
thus 6^ht n^ t )gether with the desire of coun- 
teracting each other's feats, wounded each 
other with innumerable sharp arrows. 

14. O king, Duryodhana, on seeing his 
migluy son thus hard pressed by yiour grand 
son ran towards the spot. 

15. When your son went \o the spot, 
all the kings surrounded Arjuna's son with 
many thousands of cars. 

t6. Q king, being as invincible and 
powerful as Rrishna himself, that hero, 
being thus surrgunded by those heroes, was 
1101 the least agitated. 

17. Seeing Subhadra's son fighting, Dha« 
nanjaya (Arjuna) hastened to tl>e spot in. 
great anger, with the intention of rescuing 
his son. 

18. Thereupon the kings headed by 
Bhfsma and Drona and accopompanied by. 
many elephants, horses and cars rushed with, 
great force on Sabyasaclun (Arjuna). 

19. Then a thick shower of duit, betn|f 
raised by foot-soldiers, horses and cars ana 
cavalry-men, covered the sky. 

30. When those thousands of elephants 
and hundreds of kings came within Che. 
reach of Arjuna's arrows, they could not 
make any further advance. 

21. All the troops sent up loud shouts^' 
and all directions became dark. Then the. 
army of the Kurus assumed a fearful and' 
dreadful aspect. 

22. Neither the sky, nor the sun, nor the' 
cardinal points, nor the earth, O beM ol 
men, could be distinguished* in conse- 
quence of the continuous showers of arrowst 
shot by Kiritin (Arjuna). 

23. Many elephants were depHved of 
their standards, and many car-warriors were 
also deprived of their horses. Having 
abandoned their cars, many car-warrior» 
were seen wandering (over the field) • 

24. Many other car-warriors, deprived 
of their cars, were seen to rove about with 
their weapons in their hands and other arms 
adorned with Angadas, 

25. O king, horsemen, urging their 
horses and elephant-men urging their 
elephants fled away in all directions from 
the fear of Arjuna. 

26. Kings were seen falling form their 
cars ; elephants and horses were also seen 
to fall cut down by Arjuna's arrows. 

27 — 28. Assuming a fierce countenance^ 
Arjuna cut down with fearful arrows the 
upraised arms of warriors with maces, in 
their hands, also with swords, darts, quivers 
arrows, bows, hooks and standards. 

29 — 32. O sire,0 descendant of Bharata, 
spiked maces broken in fragment, mallets, 
bearded darts, short arrows, swords, sharp 
edged battle-axes, lances, broken shteids, 
armours, standards, evtry sort of weapons, 
umbrellas with golden staves, iron-hooks, 
goads, whips, and traces were all seen 
strewn over the 6eld of battle in heaps, 

33. O sire, there was none in your arnay 
who could advance against Arjutta^ ift 

34. Oking, whoever advanced against 
that son of Pritha, was immedeately ^hol 
down and sent to the abode of Yama. 



35. When all your troops broke down 
and fled away, Arjima and Vasudeva blew 
their excellent conchs. 

36. Your sire Devavrala then, on seeing 
the Kuru army routed, sfnilingly thus spoke 
to the heroic son of Bliaradwaja (Drona) 
on that field of battle. 

37. ''"Iliis mighty and heroic son of 
Pandii Dhan^njaya, accompanied as he is 
bv Krishna, is treating our troops as he 
alone is able to deal with them. 

38. Seeing him resemble today the 
destroyer himself at the universal dissolu- 
tion, we find that he is invincible to-day. 

39. This our vast army is now impossi- 
ble to be rallied. Behold, looking at me, 
they are running away. 

40. Robbing the vision of the World, the 
sun it going down that best of mountains, 
called Asits. 

41. O foremos: of men, I think, the 
time has come now to withdraw our army. 
The troops will never fight, they are tired 
and struck with panic." 

43 — 43. Having said this to Drona that 
foremost of all preceptors, that great car- 
warrior Bhisma withdrew his army. Then 
when the sun went down, O sire, both the 
armies were withdrawn and twilight came 

Thus eud^ the fifty • fifth chapter, second 
days battle, in the Bhismavadha of the 
Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

1, When night passed away and morning 
dawned, the son of Santanu Bhishma, the 
revered grand -sire of the Kurus gave the 
order for the Kuru army to be ready for 

2. That chastiser of foes, the son of 
Santanu, with the desire to win victory for 
your son then formed that great Vyuha 
called Garuda* 

3". On the back of that Garuda (the king 
of the bird) your father Devavrata himself 
stood. Its two eyes were made by the son 
of Bharadwaja (Drona) and the Satwata 

4. Those two illustrious heroes* Ashwa- 
thaman and Kripa, backed by the Triga- 
rthas, the Matsyas, the Kekayas and ibr 
Vatadhanas stood at its head. y^ 


5 — 6. O sire, Bhurisravas, Sala, Salya 
Bhagadatta, the Madrakas, tlie Sindhu* 
arvaras, the Panchanadas with Jaya* 
drhatha stood at its neck. At its tiack stood 
king Duryodhana with all his followers. 

7. O great king, Vinda and Anuvtnda 
of Avanti, the Kamvojas with the Sahas 
and abo the Surasenas /ormed its tail. 

8. The Magadhas, the Kalingas with 
all the Daserakas clad in armour, formed 
the right wing of that Vyuha, 

9. The Karushas, the Vikanjas, the 
Mundas, the Kanadivrishas, with Vrihad- 
vala fornied its left wing. 

10. That chastiser of foes, Sabyasachin 
(Arjuna) seeing the enemy's troops formed 
into a Vyuha, with the assistance of Dhrista^ 
dyumna formed his troops into a counter 
Vyuha. , 

11. In opposition to your Vyuha, that 
son of Pandu formed a Vyuha after the 
shape of the half- moon. 

\2. On its right side stood Bhimasenv 
surrounded by kings of various countries 
all abundantly provided with arrows. 

13. Next to him stood those two great 
car-warriors Virata and Drupada ; next to 
them was Nila armed with poisonous 

14. Next to Nila stood the great car* 
warrior Dhrishtaketu backed by the Chedis 
the Kasb, the Karushas and the Pan* 

15. Dhrishtadyumna with Shikhandin 
with the Panchalas and the Pravadrakas 
and also with other troops stood in th^ 

16. Dharmaraja Yudhisthira was also 
there surrounded by his inntimeraUle ele<i 
phants. Next to them, O king, stood Sa* 
tyaki and the five sons of Draupadi. 

17. Next to them was Ira van. Next to 
Iravan was Blnmasena*s son (Ghatot|iacha) 
with the great Kekaya car-warriors. 

18. Next to them, on the left side, was 
that foremost of men, Arjuna who had 9^ 
his protector Janardana (Ki'ishna) th^ 
protector of the whole universe. 

19. It was thus the Panda vas formed 
their Vyuha for the destruction of your 
sons and those who have taken your 

39. Then commenced the battle between 
your troops and the foes ; all struck at one 
another ; elephants and cars mixed up in onp 

21. O king, innumerable elephants and 
_cars were seen everywhere. They rushei 
upon one another f^r the purpose df 



J2. . The rattle of inmimerable car-wheels 
mingled with the t>eat of drums created a 
tremeiTdous din. 

23.. O descendant of Bharata, the shouts 
of the heroic combatants of your army and 
those of your enemies when killing one 
another, reached the very heavens. 

Thus ends the fifty ' sixth chapter^ i?aruda 
and half -maon Vyuha makings in the Bhis' 
mavadha of the Bhisma Parva, 




Saigaya said :— 

• 1—4. When your troops and those of 
the Panda vas were placed in battle array, 
that great car-warrior Dhananjaya made a 
great si tiighter by cutting down with his 
arrows many leaders of car- warriors ; your 
troops though thus slaughtered in the battle 
by the son of Pritha whp resembled the 
destroyer himself at the end of a Yuga, yet 
fought with the Pandavas with perseve- 
rance. Desiring to win blazing glory and 
making death their final goal with minds 
undirected to anything else, they broke the 
Pandava ranks in many places, but their 
ranks also were in many places broken. 

5. Then both the Kuru and the Pandava 
army broke and fled away. Nothing could 
then be distinguished. 

6. A thick cloud of dust rose covering 
the sun. No body could distinguish any of 
ttie cardinal points. 

; 7^ O king, everywhere the battle raged 
the combatants were guided only by the 
indications afforded by colours, by watch- 
words, by names and by tribal distinc- 

8. O ,sirc, O king, the Vyuha pro- 
t^ed as it was by the son of Bhara- 
dwaja (Drona) could by no means be 
broken. . 

9. Sjo <lid the formidable Pandava vyuha 
remain unbroken, protected as it was by 
Sabya^achtii (Arjuna), and well-guarded by 

, 10. O king, the cars and the elephants 
of both the armies and oilier combatanis 
came out of their respective airays and 
engaged in the fight. 

;ii. In. that fear/ul.battlci hoc^e-men 
-cut down horsemen with sharp and polished 
s|yor4s and long lances. 

12. Car- warriors . getting en r- warriors 
witlun^reach cMt them down with their ar- 
rows decked with ^oiden wings. 

13. Elephant-riders of both the armies 
cut down one another when they got them 
in close quarters with their broad-headed 
arrows and lances. 

14. Innumerable foot-soldiers angrily 
and ajt the &ame time cheerfully . cut down 
one another with short arrows and battle 

15. O king, car- warriors, getting cle- 
pliant riders within reach cut them down 
with the elephants. Eicpliant riders also cut 
down car-warriors. 

16. O best of th^ Bharata r;^ce, horse- 
men with their lance cut down car-warripr» 
in that battle; car- warriors also cut down 

17. In both the armies, foot -soldiers cut 
down many car-wsrriors, many car- warriors 
cut down innumerable foot-soldiers with 
their sharp weapons. 

18. Elephant- riders cut down horse-men 
and horse«>men cut down warriors who were 
on the back of elephants ; every thing ap- 
peard to be exceedmgly wonderiul. ' 

19. Foot soldiers were seen to be. cut 
down by the foremost of elephant-riders and 
the elephant -riders were also to be seen 
cut down by the foot -soldiers. 

30. Hundreds and thousands of foot 
soldiers were seen to be cut down by horse* 
men, and horsemen by foot-soldteis. 

21—23. O best of the Bharata race the 
battle field, strewn with broken standards 
bows, lances, housings of elephants, costly 
blankets, bearded darts, maces, clubs with 
iron spike^^, Kdmpanas, various sorts of ar- 
mours, arrows with goldeu wings, looked as 
if it werecovered with garlands of flowers. 

24. The ground becoming muddy with 
flesh arid blc^, became impassable with the 
bodies of men. horses and elephants, that 
were killed in that learful battle. 

25. O descendant of Bharata, saturated 
with human blood, all dust disappeared. 
All the, cardinal points became perfectly 

26. O descendant of Bharata, innumera- 
ble headless bodies were seen rising from 
tlie ground, an omen to in$licate that the 
destruction of the world is near. 

27 — 29. In that fearful and terrible 
battle, car warriors were seen t** run away 
in all ditectlons; then BluHtna, Drona, Jaya- 
dhratha the king of the Sindhus, Purumi- 
tra, Vikarna, the son of Suvala Sakuni, 
these invincible and- lion -like heroes broke 
the Pandava rank. 

. .• 

30 — 31. O descendant of Bharata, 
Bhimasena. the Rakshasha Gatotkacha, 
Satyaki, Chekitana, the sons of Draupadi, 



backed by all the kings, chfli«:tiscd your 
troops and yoor sons, as .the celestials did 
Uie Danavas. 

32. Those foremost of Khashtriyas struck 
one another in battle. They became terri- 
ble to look at. Covered with blood, they 
ahone like the kinsuka flowers. 

33. O kingf, vanquisliinj^ their adver- 
saries, those foremost of Wiirriors of both 
the armies looked like the brilliant stars in 
the sky. 

34. Then your son Duryodhana support- 
^ by onetliousand car-warriors rushed to 
battle with the sons of Pandu and the 
Ridcshasha (Ghatotkacha). 

35. The Pandavas also with many 
thousand troops rushed in battle against 
those chastiser of foes, the heroic Bhisma 
and Drona. 

36. The diadem-decked hero (Arjuna) 
also rushed ia anger against those foremost 
of kings. Then the son of Arjuna, Abhi- 
manyu and Satyaki both rushed against the 
forces of tlie son of Suvala, Sakuni. 

37. Then again commenced a fearful 
and hair-stirrint; battle between the troops 
of botlvthe sides, — both parties being eager 
to defeat one other. 

. Thus etids the fifty-seventh chabter^ 
commBnc0tH6Hi of the third day's hattie^ in 
the BhisnHivadha of the Bhisma^ Parvu. 


Sanjaya said i— 

I, Having seen Arjuna in battle, the 
Mngs angrily surrounded him on all sides 
\Vit1i many thousands of cars. 

3. O descendant of Bharata, having 
surrounded him with many thousand cars, 
ti^ey covered htm from all sides with many 
hundreds of arrows. 

3 — 6. They angrily hurled at Falguna's 
(Arjuna's) car bright and sharp pointed 
lances, maces, clubs with spikes, bearded 
darts, battle-axes, mallets, and bludgeons. 
That shower of weapons came to him like a 
flight ot locusts. But Pritha's son checked 
It with his gold decked arrows. Seeing on 
tliat occasion the extraordinary lightneits of 
ttie bauds ot Vivatsu (Arjuna), the celestials, 
theOanavas, the Gandharvas, the Pishachas 
the Uragas and the Kakshashas praised 
Falguna, exclaiming "Excellent" "Excell- 

7. The heroic Giaiidharas with Suvala's 
sonal their head surrounded Satyaki and 

8. Then those brnve wa*-rior5 led by. 
Suvala's son angjrily cut down into fraj;- 
ments the excellent car of the Vrishni hero 
(Satyaki) with various ktnd^i of weapons. 

9. O chastiser of foes, in that fearful 
battle, Satyaki abandoned his own car and 
mounted on that of Abhimanyu. 

10. Then those two heroes, mounting 
on the same car, began to slaughter the 
army of Suvala's son (Sukani) with innw- 
merable sharp-pointed arrows. 

11. Drona and Bhisma fighting bravely 
bejijan to " slaughter the troops under 
Diiarmaraja Yudhisthira with sharp arrows 
furnished with feathers of Kanka bird. 

12. Then the son of Dharma (Yudhis- 
thira) and the two sons of Madri, in the 
very sight of the whole army, began to 
chastise the troops of Drona. 

13. Tlien the battle that was fought was 
fearful and terrible, 4fke the one that was 
fought in the days of yore* between thcf • 
celestials and the Danavas. 

14. Bhimasena and Ghatotkacha both 
performed great feats. Then Duryodhana 
came and checked them both. 

15. O descendant of Bharata, the prow^ 
ess that we saw displayed by the. son* o£ 
Hirimva was exceedingly wonderful ; for he 
transcended even his father (^Bhima). 

16. Then the Pandavn Bhimasena angrily 
and smilingly wounded the vindictive' 
Duryodhana in the breast with an arrow. 

17. Then king Duryodhana, mtjrtaHy 
wounded by that arrow, sat down on his car 
and fainted. 

18. O king, seeing him sensefe^, his 
charioteer speedily carried him away from 
the field of battle. Then the troops that 
supported Duryodhana broke and fled 

19. Then striking those flying Kum 
troops with his sharp-pointed arrows Bhima 
pursued them. 

20. Then that foremost of warriors, the 
Prishata prince and the Pandava king 
Dharmaraja Yudhisthira, O descendant of 
Bharata, in the very sight of Drona atid 
Ganga's son (Bhisma), 

21. Slaughtered their troops with sharp 
arrows, each capabit of destroying hostile 
heroes. Your those troops thus fled from 
the battle ; 

22. And those two great car-warriors 
Bhisma and Drona could not stop them. 
Though attempted to be stopped by B»)isma 
and the higli-souled Drona, 

23. Those troops fled away in the' very 
sigiiiof Drona and Bhisma. When those 



iHousAntJs of ^ar-wari'ibrs (led aivay m all 
' directions. 

24. O- ehastiser of. foes, then Subhadra's 
son (Abhimanyu) and that best of tlte 
Sini's race, both mounting the same car 
began to slaughter the army of the son of 

25. Sini's grandson and that foremost of 
therCiirii race looked as effulgent as the 
sun and the moon when they are seen both 
in the sky after the last luuatiou of the dark 
fort-night has passed away. 

26. O king, then Arjnna angrily poured 
^ower of arrows ort your army as clouds 
pour rain in torrents. 

27. Tti us slaughtered in the battle with 
the. arrows of Partlia^ the Kuru arniy> 
trembling in grief and fear fled away. 

i8. Seeing the army fiying> the trtighty 
.bbbmaand Uroiia botn enraged and both 
eager to do Duryodhana's good tried 
• 10 stop them^ . 

29. Then king Duryodhana Kimself 
cheering his troops stopped them from fly- 
ing away in all directions* 

30. Thereupon all the Khashtriya car- 
Warriors stopped, each on the spot ftohi which 
they saw your son, 

31. O king, then the common soldiers, 
having seen them stop, stopped of their own 
accord from shame and from the desire of 
displaying th«ir prowess. 

32. O king, the army thus rallied ap- 
peared then like the surging sea at the 
time of moon's rising. 

33. Having seen his army rallied for 
fight, king Suyodhana soon went to the son 
oTSantanu and thus spoke to him. 

34—35. ''•O grandfather, hear what 1 say ; 
O descendant of Bharata, O scion of the 
Kuru race, .when you, and that foremost of 
m^n learned in .arms, DrOna^ with his son; 
and .with all our other ftiehdS) and also the 
great bowman Kripa are aliVe, I do not coi^« 
sider it creditable that my troops should 
run away. 

36. I do not consider the Pandavas a 
match for you, or for Drona or for Drona's 
son or for Kripa. 

37- O grandfather, this Pandavas are 
certainly being favoured by you. O hero, 
therefore you ^rgive them this slaughter 
of my troops. 

38. O kin]g, you 'should have told me, 
before this battle began, that you would not 
fight with the Pandavas. 

39- Q. dtmetvdant ^f Bharata,. bearing 
Bucli wqrdf ^rom you and from the jrecepior 


(Drona), I would have then With Kama 
reflected what we should have done. 

40. O foremost of men, if I do not de- 
serve to be abandoned by you two, tben 
figbtat the utmost of yoiar ppwef." 

41. Having heard these wOrds, Bhisma 
laughed and turned his eyes in anger. Ue 
then thus spoke to your son. 

42. '*,0 itl^ygi I have innumerable times 
said to }'ou words worthy of your acteptahpe 
and fraught with ypur good, t'he Pandavas 
are invincible even to the celestials with 
Vasava at their head. 

43. O foremost of kings, wl«it 1 am 
capable of doing, aged as I am, I shall cer- 
tainly do in this battle to the utmost of my 
power. See it now with your kinsmen. 

44. In the sight of all I shall today alone 
chastise the Pandavas with their troops and 
with all their kinsmen." 

45. Haviug been thus addressed by 
Bhisma^ O king, your son was filled With 
delight. He ordered conchs to be blo^n 
and drums to be beat^ 

46. O king, havinpr heard the loud up*^ 
roar, the Pandavas blew theit copchs apd 
ordered their drums and cymbals , to |>e 

soundixl. * ^ ' { ) .' 

Thus ends the Jifii^' eighth Cht^fer, e^l^ 
loquy betvteeu Bhtsma and Dutyodhona^ in 
the Bhtsmavadha of the Bhisma fiarva^ 


Dlinl^aslitra said :— 

I — 2. When enraged by the wotds o( 
my son> O Sanjaya, ^hism^ tqok^d^t fear- 
ful vow in the Rattler what did hetio to the 
Pandavas, and ^b^j;. did -U^e Panthalas di^ 
to the grandsire ? O Sanjaya, tell me all 
thb. ' ' ,. » .' ' 

Saigaya said :^ \ ; 

3. O descendant of Bharata, when the 
morning of that day passed aw^y and When 
the sun in -his west>vacd couv^ had .gon« 
some portion of his path, 

4." Alid when thfe iHustrioi^! Pund^vus 
had won the victocy. your father Devavrata 
leaf ned in the prrcepts of morality, , 

5. Rushed on the . fleetest steed toward^ 
the Panda va ^rmy, followed by a very, large 
force and bf all your sons. , 

p, T>en, O descendant of Bfiarata, a 
fearful' and hair-stirring battle between 
out selves and the Pand;ivas bfCgs^n in conse- 
quence of your sinful policy. 



with how much ease then could he kill the 
Fandava^ with all their soldiers and follow- 

70—71. The vast army of the illustrious 
Pandava (Yudhisthira) again began to fty 
away. Having seen the Somakas routed, 
the Kurus,' glacklen Fng the heart of the 
grandsire rusfied to battle with great cheer- 
fulness. (Seeing) all this, Krishna reflect- 
ed :—•• Clad ii» armour I will kill Bhisma 
t6day for the sake of the Pandavas. 

72 — 73» I will lighten the burden of the 
Pandavas. Though struck with keen ar- 
rows in the battte, Arjona docs not \rhat ht 
should do, from respect for Bhisma.*' While 
Krishna was thus rfcftecting the grandsire 
again hurled his arrows on Partha's car. 

74. In conseauence of those various 
arrows flving in fill directions, all sides were 
completed enshrouded. Neither the sky^ 
iH>r the directions, nor the earth, nor the 
brilliant sun could be seen. 

75 — 82. The winds that blew appeared 
to be mixed with smoke ; all the directions 
seemed to be agitated. Drona, Vikarna/ 
jayadhratha.Bhurisrava, KriUvarman, Kri- 
pa, Srulayusha, the ruler of Amvartha, 
Vinda and Anuvinda, Sudhashkhina, the 
people of the westsrn country, the various 
tribes of Souviras, the Vasistas, the Khu- 
drakas, aiid the Malavas,— all these at the 
command of the Gautamas royal son soon 
came to Kiritin (Arjuna) for battle. The 
grandson of Sini saw that Kiritin wa? sur- 
rounded by manv thousands of horse and 
foofsoldiers and car- warriors and great 
elephants. Having seen Vasudeva and 
Arjuna thus surrounded by infantry and 
elephants and horses and cars on all sides, 
that foremost of all wielders of arms, that 
ghief of the Sin is, soon went to that place. 
That foremost of bowmen, the Sini chief 
quickly rushed upon those troops and soon 
came to Arjuna's aid. as Vishnu came to 
the slayer Vritra. That foremost of Sini 
warriors cheerfully thus addressed the 
troops of Yudhisthira who were all frighten- 
ed by Bhisma, and whose elephants, horses 
cars and numberless standards had been 
mangled and broken into piecea and who 

^y^T®,/."' ''^'.'"^ ^""^'^y ^^^^ ^^^ battle-field 
"O Khastriyas, where do you go ? This is 
not the duty of virtuous men as declared by 
the ancients. 

83—84. O foremost of heroes, do not 
violate your pledges; observe your own 
duties as heroes.'* Having seen that the 
foremost of kings were flying away from the 
held of battle and having also marked the 
mildness with which Partha fought and 
seemg also that Bhisma was exerting •him- 
self with all hib powers and that the Kurus 
^crerubhing from all bides^ thc.>oungcr 

brother of Va^^ava, the illustrious protector 
of all the Dasarhas become unable to bear 
it all.' He thus spoke to the fanTOu«» grand- 
son of Sini and praised him mikrh r — "O 
hero of the Sini race, those that are retreat- 
ing are indeed retreating. O Satwata chief, 
those tliat are still staying, — let them also 
go away. 

85. Behold, I shall soon fell Bhismi 
down from his car and also Drona in tbis 
battle with all their followers. O Satwata 
chief, there is none in the Kuru army who 
can escape me when 1 am angry* 

86 — 89. Therefore taking up my fearful 
discus I shall (to-day) kill Bhisma of rigid 
vows. O grandson of Sini, killing in battle, 
these two foremost of car-warriors, namely 
Bhisma and Orona with all thfeir followers, I 
shall gladden the heart of Dhananjaya and 
the king (Yudhisthira) and also of Bhtma 
and the twin Aswinas. Killing all the sons 
of Dhritarashtra and all those foremost of 
kings who have taken their side, I will with 
great joy secure a kingdom to-day for 
Ajatasatru/' Having said this, the son of 
Vasudeva threw off the reins of the horses 
and jumped down from the car. Whirling 
with his right arm his discus with a beatiti- 
ful sliape and with sharpness as that of a 
razors, which was as effulgent as the sun 
and possessed the force of one thousand 
thunderbolts, the high-souled Krishna 
rushed with great force towards Bhisma 
making the earth tremble under his feet. 

. 90. That chastiser of foes, the younger 
brother of the chief of the celestials, angrily 
rushed towards Bhisin^. who st(>od in the 
midst of his troops, as a lioi\, froni Ui? desire 
of killing a large elepharU, rushes towards 


91—94. The end of his yelh>w garments 
waving in the air looked like a cloud charged 
with lighting. That lotus of a discus, the 
Sudarsana, having for its stalk the beautiful 
arms of Sourin (Krishna) looked as beautiful 
as the primivnl lotus, which was as briglK 
as the morning sun which caused that lotus 
to bloom. The beautiful leaves of that lotus 
were as sharp as the edge of a razor. 
Krisnas body was the beautiful lake, his 
arms where the stalk upon which 
shone tlmt lotus. Seeing the younger bro- 
ther of Mohendra excited with anger and 
that he was loudly roaring, that he was 
armed with discus, all creatures uttered loud 
waib. They thought the distruction of the 
Kurus was near at handr Arm^ed with his 
discus, Vasudeva lopked like the Samvanta 
fire that appears at the end of a Yuga for 
consuming the world. 

95— 0« '^^^^ preceptor of the universe 
blazed up like a fearful cpmet , risen for 
cunbutning all creatures. Having bccn thciV> 



foremost of men, that divine personage ad- 
vancing armed with discus, Dantanirs son 
(Bhisma) who stood on his car with his bow 
and arrow in hand thus fearlessly spoke, 
•'Come, come, O lord of the gods, O deity 
that had tlie universe for your abode, O god 
armed with mace, sword and Saranga, I 
bow to you. 

97. O lord of the universe, forcibly fell 
roe down from this excellent car. O refuee 
of all creatures, O Krishna in this battle, if 
1 be killed by yau, great will be my good 
fortune both in this world and in the 

98. O Vrisni and Andhaka chief, you 
give me the greatest respect. My dignity 
will be celebrated all over the three worlds." 
Having heard these words of the son 
of Santanu (Bhisma), Krishna still impetu- 
o«isly rushed towards him and said. 

99. "You are the root of this great 
slaughter on earth. You will see Duryo- 
dhana killed to-day. A wise minister who 
treads the path of virtue should restrain 
a king who is addicted to the evil of gambl- 

100 That wretched king who transgress- 
es his duty should be abandoned as one 
whose in tellegence has been misdirected by 
fate." Haviug heard these words, the royal 
Bhisma thus spoke to the chief of the Yadu 
race : — "Destmy is all power. 

loi. The Yadus for their benefit aban- 
doned Kansa. I said this to the king 
(Dhrharastra; but he did not heed my 

102. Meanwhile, jumping from his car, 
Partha of mighty and long arms himself soon 
ran after that Yadu chief possessing mass- 
ive and long arms. He soon came to him 
and seized Tiim by his two arms. 

103. That first of all gods, Krishna was 
excited with rage. Therefore, though thus 
seized, Vbhnu ^Krishna) forcibly dragged 
Jishnu (Arjuna) after him, like a tempest 
carrying away a tree. 

104. The high-souled Partha, however, 
seized with great force his legs as he was 
rushing towards Bhisma ; O king, he sue- 
ceededin stopping him with great difficulty 
on the tenth stepf 

105. When Krishna stopped, Arjuna, 
adorned with A beautiful golden garland 
cheerfuly bowed to him and he then thus 
spoke to him : — "Quell our wrath O Keshava, 
you are the refuge of the Pandavas* 

. 106. O Keshava, I swear by my sons 
and brothers that I will not withdraw from 
the acid to which 1 have pledged myself. 

107. O younger brother of Indra, at 
your command, I will certainly annihilate 
the Kurus." Having heard that promise 
»nd pledge by Arjuna, Janardana became 
gratified. He was ever engaged in doing 
what is agreeable to that foremost of the 
KurUs, Arjuna. He therefore, discus on 
arms, once more mounted on the car. 

108. Th;»t chastiser of foes once more 
took up the reins. Then taking up his couch 
called Panchajanna, Sourin (Krishua) filled 
the sky and all the directions with its 

109. Thereupon when the Kuru heroes 
saw Krishna adorned with necklace and 
Angada and ear-ring, with carved eye- 
lashes smeared with dust and with milk- 
white teeth take up his couch^ they sent up 
a loud cry. 

I ID, The sounds of cymbals, drums and 
kettle-drums and the rattle of car-wheels 
and also those of smaller drums, mingling 
with those lion-like shouts sent up by all the 
Kuru troops became a fearful uproar. 

III. The twang of Partha*s Gandiva 
which resembled the roarings of thunder 
filled the skyand all the directions. Shot 
from the bow of the Pandava, bright and 
blazing arrows flew in all directions. 

113. Tfcen the Kuru king with a large 
force and with Bhishma and Bhurisrava's 
son with arrows in their hands' resembling 
a comet risen for consuming a constelletion 
rushed against him. 

113. Bhurisrava hurled at Arjuna seven 
javelins with wings of gold, Duryodhana 
hurled a fearful lance, Salya a mace and 
Santanu's son (Bhisma) a dart. 

114. Thereupon baffling the seven 
javellins wilh seven arrows, which were as 
fleet as arrows, shot by Bhurisrava, Arjuna 
cut off with his sharp arrow the lance hurl* 
ed by Duryodhana. 

115. Tliat hero cut down with two 
arrows the blazing dart, as effulgent as 
lightning that came towards him burled by 
Santanu's son and the mace hurled hy the 
Madra king. 

116. Then drawing with his two hands 
and with great force his beautiful and irri- 
sisting powerful bow Gandiva he invoked 
with proper mantras the exceedingly 
wonderful and fearful weapon named 
Mohendca. Hi mad^ it appear in the sky, 

117. With that great weapon which 
was as e£[ulgent as the blazing fire, that 
illustrious great bowmen, adorned witli 
diadem and garland of gold checked the 
entire Kuru army. 



ii8. Those arrows from Partha's bow 
cut off the arms, bow^, standard -tops aiid 
cars ; penetrated ig^o the ranks of the lyings 
and of the huge elephants ai>d hprsqs of the 

iig[. Having fi|le4 alj directions with 
those sharp and terrible arrows Partha 
adorned >yith diadem and garland of golJ 
agitated the hearts of his foes by the fear- 
ful twang of his Gandiva. 

1^0. In that fierce battle, &e sounds, of 
c0;T?chs and beat of druros and the deep 
rattle of cars were all silenced by the twang 
of the Gandiva. 

121.. Having known that twang to have 
bjeJen. producea by the Gandiva, king Virata, 
and other foremqst of i^ien, and the brave 
^apchalaking Drupada all went to th^ place 
witn undepressed hearts. 

. ^:?2. All the troops stood, struck with 
f|;ar each at the spot where he heafd that, 
twang of ^^® G*^ndiva. None dared to. gq to 
1^^ pl^ce whence rbsp that sopnd., 

123^.12^* Ii^ tihat fearful slaughteir o^ 
th<^- l|^in^s> heroic warriors ^s well as car- 
wafriors, with their cha,rioteefs were killed* 
filepha'^ts with brightgolden housings and', 
Sorgions standards wounded with broad 
Headed arrows that fell upon them suddenly 
fell down dead with their bodies mangled by 
Kiritih. Forciblystrook by Partha with his 
winged* arrows and sharp broad' headed 
BxrSwiy the yantras and indragalas of the 
standards of innumerable kings^ were cut 
down. Innumerable foot sorters, car*, 
worriors, steqds afid, elephants fell fast on 
the field, their liplbs paralysed or themselves 
speedily depciveji of life afflicted by Doan- 
ahjaya with those arrows, O king, many 
were the warriors who in that terrible fight 
l^ad theif i^rmours a^d l^odies cut thrpueh, 
by that, weapon named after Indra. 

127. Wi^h those fearful and sharp arrows, 
Kritin (Arjuna) made a river of blood to flow 
on the field of battle, its blood was supplied 
ffom the ipapgled bocjies of the soldiers. Its 
froth was made by their feet. 

128. Its current was broad and it ran 
fearfully. The bodies 'of dead elephants 
and horses formed its banks« Its mire 
consisted of the entrails, the marrq^y and the 
^esfi of human beings and of the huge 

129. Innumerable crowns of human 
heads covered with hair formed its floating 
moss, and heaps. of- human bodies formed- 

bot^e^ of human beings an<) elepliants and 
horses formed its stones and pebbles. 

130—132. Its banks were infected by 
large numbers of jackals and wolves and 
cranws, and vultures and crowds of Rak- 
shasas and herds of hydas. Those that 
Were a)ive saw tha,i fea,rful river of fat. 
marrow and blood caused by the showers 
o( arrows shot by Arjuna ; it resembled 
the great Vaitarani (river). Having seen 
the foremost of warriors thus killed by 
PalfiTuna (Arjuna>, the Chedies, the Pan- 
chalas, the Kan>slKis, the-Malsyas, and all 
the Pandava warriors^, those foremost ol 
men, all highly elated withvictory sent up 
loud shouts' that ^ghtened the Kuruwar* 


133. They sent forth that sh6ut* indica- 
tive ot victory on seeing the foremost war- 
riors of the Kuru army^ the very combat- 
ants who were protectad by the (Kuru); 
leaders thus killed by Kritritin (Arjuna) that 
terror of foes, who frightened them ail ^ d^ 
lion frightens a herd of small animals. 

'34-^137- Then the wielder qf Gandiva 
and Jsvnardana, with great delight attacked, 
loud shouts. The. Kurus with Bhisma, 
anji. Dron^, and D.uryociha and Vs^lika 
alt mortally wounded by the weapons (ot 
Arjuna) then saw the sun withdraw his' 
rays. Seeing also the Mohttidra- weapon 
spread out and causing as it were the' end- ot' 
the Ft/^fl, they withdrew their forces for the 
night's i'ests. Thus having achieved a great 
feat and- won great renown and having- 
seen the sun assume a red colour and the- 
ev.ening twilight set in and haying comple- 
ted his work (for that day), Arjuna retired 
Ayiih hisbrothers to the camp for the night's 
rest. Then when darkness set in, a fearful' 
and great uproar was made by the Kuru 

138,. Allsaid :— "In to-d^y's, battle, Ar- 
jyn^ ha^ killed ten thousand car-warriors 
and seven hundred elephants. All the 
people of the western country, the various 
tribes of the Souviras» the Kshudfakas and 
the Malavas have all been killed. 

139 — 141. The feat achieved today by: 
Dh^iuinjaya is indeed a very gfeat one I 
None else is capable of doings it. The king^i 
of the Amvartas, Srutayush, Durmavshava, 
Chitrasena, Drona, Kripa, the Stndhu king, 
Valhika, Bhurisravas, Salya, Sala, a hun- 
dreds of other ' warriors with Bhisma at 
their head have to-day been defeated by 
the wrathful son of Pritha, Kiritin, the great 
car-warrior of the world," O descendant 
of Bharata,, talking thus, al( the troops o( 
of your afiny went to iheir tents from the 
fipl(i o\ baUie. 

142. All the troops, of the Kuru army 
friglitened by Kiriiiij then went into their 
tents illuminated by thousands of torches 
and by iunumerable lamps. 

BrilSMA !>ARVA. 


Thus ends the fifty -nineth chabttr, third 
day's butiie in ihe Bhismahadha of ihe 
Bkisma Purva, 




Sanjaya said :— 

, X. O descendant of Bharata, when the 
night passed away, the illustrious Bhisma 
with his wrath excited followed by a very 
large number of troops, going at tlie head 
of the Kuru army charged the enemy's 

s. Drona, and Duryodhana, ValhHca, 
Durmarshana, Chltrasena, the mighty 

iayadratha and other royal heroes "backed 
y a large number df troops accompanied 

3. Sufrouned by these great and mighty 
car-warriors all possessing gireat prowess 
and energy, 'O king, he ^horte in the midst 
of chose foremost of royal heroes hlce the 
\&fdtA the 4blestlal6 in the midn of the 

4. iThe magnificent standards oti the 
backs of the elephants stationed in front of 
tihe vsirioois divisions of fhe army ^aved in 
%he arr and looked Highly beautiful ^ith 
yellow, black and brown colours. 

5. ^That great army wrth the royal ison 
«f Santami ^hisma) at its head and with 
<itlfer great car-«warrior6 and with elephants 
and horses, kioked as resjilendent as a mats 
of clouds charged with lightning or as the 
iky wtth'g£tthertng clouds in the season of 


6- Then like ihe fearful current of the 
ocean-going Gangai that great Kuru army, 
protected by Santanu's son rushed with 
great force towards Arjuna. 

7. With various kinds of forces possess*^ 
iT\t£ great strength and also with innumer- 
able 'elephants, horses aiid foot soldier* and 
car- warriors, the ^Vyuha made by the ape- 
bannered liero (Arjuna) looked from the 
distance 'like a great mass of elouds. 

8. That iUusldoiis bero, that foremost 
ol OMtn, jitandipg on his car furnvihed with 
high standard and yoked with white steeds 
iWAntagainat the enemy's army supported 
by a larg^ force. 

9. Seeing that ape-bannered here ac- 
companied by that foremost of the Yadu 
race, all the Kurus with your sons >ere 
'filled yhh dismay. 

ip» Your troops ^w that best of Vyufms 
which was protected by that great . cjir^ 

wfaiYior of ttie world Kirilln (Arjuna). ft 
had thousands of weapons up- raised and oti 
each of its corners stood idur thousand 

M. This Vyuha'oi to-day was likethb 
one which wk^ formed on the day previotis 
by that foremost of Kurus, king Dhanfra* 
raja Yudhisthira and the like of Which had 
never been seen or heard fo before by any 

12. Then thousands of drums wefb 
loudly beat on the field of battle. Therb 
rose from every quarter sounds of concha 
and trumpets and lion-like shouts. 

13. Then bows of loud twa^g, drawn by 
hc?rOic warriors, with arrowti f^xed on tfib 
bowstrings and the sounds of conth^ tdse 
above the uproar made by dmnis and 

14. The^rftire sky wafe IfitKed with Hite 
"sounds of conchs ; dust filled eirery pld^6 
with that dust the atttiosphe^e appeiifefd 
as if a canopy had been oviersDread 
Having seen that canopy, flfU tbe brave 
warriors rushed to the battle* 

15. Car- warrior* struck with c«r-#aT*rterk 
were cut dcywn with their charioteers, bofses-. 
cars and standards. Elephants struck by 
elephants and foot ^soldiers struck by foot 
soldiers all fell ,(on the filled of battle)* 

16. Impetuous horsemen struck down by 
impetnous horsemen fell with fearful 
countenances. All appea/d to 'be exceed* 
ingly wondei^fii!. 

17. Excellent shields adronded with goldr 
en stars and possessed of the effulgence of 
the sun, broken by battle ax^s, lances and 
swords dropped on the field of battle. 

18. Many car-rwarriors, mangled and 
bruised by the tasks and tlie powerful trunks 
of elephants fell down with their charioteers, 
many foremost df car- warriors, struck by 
the foremost of car-warriors fell on the 

19. Having heard the wails of horse- 
men and foot soldiers, struck with the tusks 
and other limbs of elephants or crushed by 
their huge animals fdll down on the 
field of dattle. 

20. Then when horsemen and foot soldiers 
were falling fast, and elq;>bants, horses and 
cars were flying away in fear, Bhisma sur- 
.pounded by many great Garrw»rriors got a 
si|^t joi the ape^banfiered wacrior (Ar}uiiia). 

21. The palmyra-bannered hero, the 
sen of Santamj, whg had Ave ipaloifyras on 
bis standard* then rushed ^pon tke diademi, 
decked warrior (A^una) whose cfir .waf 
yoked with excellent stei^ ii4>ioh possetsed 



[ 9. Then we sa^ thfc hij^bly wdnderfuX 
prowess o! the sort o£ Prtehiita. As he 
speedily checked (the carretet of) Salya, 
the ornament of assemblies. 

ID. No weakness ^as detected in any 
one of them, when enraged, they were 
engaged in the battle. The combat be- 
tween them seemed to last only for a 

11. Then, O mighty monarch, in that 
jfight, Salya cut down the bow of Dhristya- 
dyumna with a keen- pointed yellow dart. 

12. Also, O Bharata, ho covered Dhris- 
tadyumna with showers of arrows, like 
clouds, swelling with rain, covering a moun- 
tain at the rainy season. 

13. When Dhristadyumna was being 
thus tormented, Abhimanyu, inflamed with 
wrath, rushed with voHence against the 
car of the king of the Madras. 

14. Then the highly excited nephew xii 
Krishna, that hero of immeasurable soul, 
having reached hear the car of the Madra 
king, pierced Atrayani with three whetted 

tj. Thereat, O n;ionarch, yo^r troops 

de^iroiis of resisting the son Of Arjuna in 

"battle, 'Speedily formed themselves in a 

circle around the chariot of the ruler 

oif ifhe Madras. 

16. Duryodhana, Vfkama, Dushasa^a, 
Vivingsati, Dumarsana Dusaha, Chitra- 
sen^, Durmtikha, 

17. Satyavrata, 'PiirurhTitra and the 
mighty cir-Wan*iOr Vlkarnn, — these station - 
'cH themselves in the field for protecting 
th^ chariot of the ruler of the Madras. 

f8. Thereat Bhirtiaserta, excited with 
r^ge, and Dhristadyumna of Prishata's 
race, the sons of Draupadi ahd Abhimanyu, 
the twin sons of Pandu by Madri, 

19. These ten Warriors oppbsed the ten 
wairriors of Dhritkriistra*S hosts, discharg-- 
\ng O Monarch, W^pons of diverse shape. 

.20. It is, O monarch, throujg^h the wicked 
policy of y6urs (Hat thbse warriors inflamed 
with rage then appro;iched and encoun- 
^tered one another in battlie, out of a desire 
for slaying one another. 

21. When those ten warriors, wrought 
up with wrath, met the other ten in that 
awful battle, the rest of the car -warriors 
of your army and of ihe army of your foes 
'became sight-seers. 

22. Those mighty car-warri<^rs shooting 
weapons of diverse shape ■ and roaring at 
one another began to smite one another. 

23. Then in that battle, inflamed with 
i^rath and desirous of slaying one another 

those heroes roared at one another, and 
boasted of their prowess. 

24. Then O monarch, those kinsfolk 
that had met together, burning with jealousy 
and challenging one another, fell upon 
one another, discharging mighty weapons 
at the same time. 

25. Inflamed with wrath, Duryodhana 
in that fierce battle pierced Dhrista- 
d3ruTnna with four whetted arrows ; and, 
in battle, the feat was wonderful. 

26. Durmarsana pierced him (Dhrista- 
dyumna) with twenty shafts, Chitrasena 
with five, Durmukha with nine, Dussah^ 
with seven, 

37. Vivingsati with five, and Dushasana 
with three. Them, O monarch, the son 
of Prishata, the slayer of his foes, pierced, 

28-31 • J" return, each with twenty shahsw 
displaying ^reat Tijj^htness of hands. O 
Bharata Abhimanyu, \n that battle, pierced 
Satyavrata and Puninhfitra, ead) with ten 
shafts. The sons of Madri, the delighters^ 
their nrother, in that battle covered their 
maternal uncle whh a shdwer of i^arp 
shafts ; and that seemed indeed marvdious 
Thereupon, O mighty monardi, Salym 
covered with innumerable arrows fltose 
nephews of hb, those two foremost of car- 
woTriors, who were destrpiis of coCinteract- 
ing the stratagems of their uncle (Sal^'a 
himself.) Though thus covered over with 
arrows, the twin sons of Madri flinched not. 

32. Thereafter the Pandava Bhima- 
sena endued with great might beholding 
Duryodna and desirous of putting an end 
to the strife, grasped his mace. 

33. Seeing tliat mighty-armed Bhimo 
sena with uplifted mace look like the 
Kailasa mount towering with its peaks, 
your sons fled out of terror. 

34. Duryodhana however wrought itp 
with anger urged against Bhima the 
Magadha division consisting of ten thousand 
swiu-coursing elephants. 

35« King Suyodhana, then accompanicid 
by that division of elephants, and placingr 
the ruler of the Maghads in front of him, 
advanced towards Bhimasena. 

36. Thereat Vrikodara, belioldin^ that 
division of elephants make towards himsell, 
descended from his car, holdin|r a mace 
in his hands and roaring out like a lion. 

37. Grasping a mighty and heavy mace 
made of the essence of adamant, Bhima- 
sena charged that division of elephants, like 
Death himself with his mouth wide open. 

38. Then like the slayer of Vritra mov- 
ing amidst the Danava host, the mighty arm- 
ed Bhimsena, endued with great strength. 



carcerd on the field of battle, slaughtering 
elephants with his mace. 

39. Then at the deafening shouts of the 
roaring Bhin^a — shouts that were capable 
of producing a tremour m the heart and 
in the mind, — the elephents huddling toge- 
ther were deprived of the power of moving. 

40. Then the sons of Droupadi, the 
mighty car-warrior the son of Subhadra, and 
Nakula, Sahadeva, and Dhristadyumna the 
son of Prishata, 

41. Supporting Bhima's car, proceeded 
behind him, checking the foe with their 
shower of arrows, like the clouds drenching 
the mountains with rain. 

42. With Khuras and iChurabras and 

Vallas and At^jalikas, all well -sharpened 

and tempered, the Pandava warriors cut 

down the heads of those who were fighting 

on the backs of elephants. 

43. In consequence of the thick falling 
of the heads (of elephant-riders), their arms 
decked with ornaments and their hands 
grasping the iron hook, a shower of stones 
appeared to fall. 

44. And elephant-riders deprived of 
heads, seated as they were on the necks of 
those beasts, appeared like trees on a moun- 
tain with their neads broken. 

45. We also saw many other mighty 
elephants, felled and falling, slain by Dhris- 
tadyumna, the high-souled son of Prishata. 

46. Thereafter, the ruler of the Magadma 
territory, goaded in that battle, against the 
car of Subhadra's son, an elephant that 
resen^bied Airavata itself. 

47. Then the heroic son of Subhadha, 
that stayer of hostile heroes, beholding that 
mighty elephant of the ruler of the Maga- 
dhas make towards himself, killed it with 
a single shaft. 

48. Then the nephew of Krishna that 
conqueror of hostile cities cut down with a 
Valla of silvery wings, the head of the 
king who could not extricate himself him- 
self from the (falling) elephant. 

49* Then Bhimasena the son of Pandu, 
also penetrating that division of elephants, 
careered in the field, crushing the elephants, 
like indra crushing the mountains. 

50. In that battle, we also beheld ele- 
pliants smashed by Bhimasena, each with a 
single stroke, like cliffs rent open by the 

Si. Elephants prodigious like mountains 
were slain, having their tusks broken, their 
temples, their bones, their backs, and iheir 
Irontal globes smashed. 

53. We saw, O monarch, some of those 
beasts stahi, and some with mouths foaming ; 
(we saw) other mighty elephants with their 
frontal globes smashed, vomitting blood in 

53. Some fell down on the ground over- 
whelmed with terror, and titey resembled 
huge hills and were soiled in every part of 
their body with fat and blood, and were 
almost bathed in marrow and brain matter. 

54. Bhima careered in the field like thje 
Destroyer himself with his mace in his hand. 
Vrikodara whirling his mace that was 
drenched with the blood of the elephants, 

55. Appeared dreadful like Pinaki (Siv^) 
himself wielding the bow Pinaka. Crushed 
by the wrathful Bhimasena, tlie ele* 

56—57, Sorely afflicted, suddenly fled 
away, smashing the ranks of your own army. 
The mighty bowmen and car-warriors 
headed by the son of Subhadra, protected 
that hero as he battled, like the immortals 
protecting the wielder of the thunderboU* 
Grasping his blood-stained mace almost 
bathed in the blood of elephants, 

58 — 6q^ Bhimasena of fierce soul then 
appeared like the destroyer himself. Then 
O Bharata, we saw Bhimasena whirling 
his mace in all directions appear like the god 
Siva in the course of his wild dance. We 
beheld, O mighty monarch, his heavy and 
sounding mace that resembled the club qC 
the destroyer himself, the whizz of which 
equalled the roar of Indras thunder, which 
was fierce to look at , and which was stained 
copiously with blood and smeared with 
marrow and hair, 

61. And (lastly) which resembled the 
Pinaka of the enraged Rudra engaged in 
slaughtering animals. Just as a herdsman 
belabours his herd with a cudgel, 

62. So Bhima belaboured the elephant 
division with his mace. Smitten by that 
mace, as also by means of arrows on all 

63. The elephants hastily fled away 
from the field, smashing the chariots of their 
own host. Like a tempest driving away 
clouds, Bhimasena driving away from ths 
field those elephants, stood there like the 
wielder of the trident (Siva) standing on the 
cremation ground. 

Thus ends the sixty -second chapter, the 
display of Bhima* s prowess ^ in the Bhisma- 
hadha of the Bhisma Parva^ 

• • • 

V: •: 

•• • 


•• ••• 

• • • 

• • • ! 

• • • • 

• •• 

•• • • 

• • • • 

• • • 




Sanjaya said :— 

1. When that division of elephants h:\6 
been crushed, your son Duryodhana, com- 
manded his whole forces saying, 'Kill 

2. Thereat, the entire army, at the com- 
mand of your son, ruslied a^ainist Bhima- 
scna, setting up at the same time a dread- 
ful uproar. 

3 — 5. That infinite army, whose impetus 
it would have been impossible even for the 
gods to bear, that army which was incapa- 
ble of being crossed like the sea on a Parva 
day, that army that swarmed with car- 
warriors, steeds and elephants and that re- 
sounded with the blare of conchs, the rattle of 
chariots, and the soudd of drums, that num- 
bered innumerable foot soldiers and car- 
warriors, that was shrouded in a cloud of 
dust — that veritable ocean of advancing 
hostile forces that was incapable of being 
agitated, Biiimasena withstood in battle, like 
the banks resisting the surging sea. 

6. Then, O monarch, we beheld in that 
battle, the marvellous aud super-human 
f-at achieved by the high-souled son of 
Pandu, namely Bhimasena. 

7. Undauntedly did Bhimasena check, 
with his mace, the rulers of men who, 
excited with wrath, had been advancing 
towards him, on their steeds, chariots and 

8. Bhima, that foremost of those endued 
with might, having thus checked with his 
mace the career of the vast army, stood in 
that dreadful confusion, immovable as the 
mount Meru itself. 

g. In that most terrific, fierce and ruth- 
less encounter, his brothers, and sons, 
and Dhristadyumna the son of Fri- 

10. And the sons of Draupadi, and 
Abhimanyu and the ever- victorious Sikhan- 
din, these mighty warriors did not for- 
sake Bhimasena, as they all apprehended 

11. Thereafter taking up his huge and 
heavy mace made of Satkya iron, he (Bhi- 
masena) rushed against your warriors, 
like the Destroyer himself wielding his 

12. Smashing down hosts of charioteers 
and also hosts of steeds, that mighty and 
heroic Bhima careered on the field like fire 
spreading at the end of a Yuga. 

13 Slaughtering in that battle numer- 
ous warriors, like Death himself destroying 
animals at the end of a Yuga, smashing with 
the impetus of his thighs hosts of cars, that 
son of Pdndu, 

14. Began to crush your army with the 
greatest ease, like an elephant crushing a 
a cluster of reeds. Dragging down warriors 
from the terraces of their respective cars, 
and felling elephant-riders from the back of 
the elephants on which they were fighting, 

15. And horse-soldiers from the "back 
of the steeds, and crushing foot-soldiers 
as they stood on the ground, Bhima killed 
all with his mace, like a tempest breaking 
down trees with its violence. 

16. Biiimasena produced a fierce carnage 
in the forces of your son. Smeared with 
fat, marrow, serum and flesh, and bes- 
pattered with blood, 

17' His mace, that dealt death to steeds 
and elepahants, appeared exceedingly 
terrible. With corpses and carcasses of 
steeds, men and elephants and horse- 

18. The field of battle wore the appear- 
ance of the (gloomy) abode of Death. Like 
the Pinaka o? the enraged Rudra engaged 
in slaughtering animals, 

19. Like the dreadful club of the des- 
troyer himself, and like the effulgent thun- 
derbolt of Indra himself, was seen (he 
terrible-looking and death -dealing club of 

20. The appearance of that high-souled 
son of Kunti, as he whirled his -mace, 
became as terrible as that of the Destroyer 
himself at the time of the universal des- 

21. Beholding him repeatedly smash 
that mighty host and advance like Death 
himself, all the warriors became cheerless. 

22. Uplifting his mace, in whichsoever 
direction the spn of Pandu turned his eyes 
O Bharata, from that diretion, all the 
soldiers fled (deserting their ranks.) 

23—24. Beholding Vrikodara of fierce 
deeds armed with his mace and uncon- 
quered by the sea of soldiers and seeing 
him break the ranks and devour the hostile 
troops, like Death himself with his gaping 
mouth, Bhisma rushed at him with great 

25. Riding on his car of great effulgence 
and of rattle as loud as the rumble of clouds, 
and covering the sky with the shower of his 
arrows, like Parjannya pouring down 

26. Seeing him make towards himself 
like the Destroyer with wide upon mouth, 



the mighty-armed Bhimasena inflamed with 
rage, rushed towards liim. 

27. That very moment, the heroic ^rand 
son of Sini namely Satyaki fell upon the 
^and-sire (Bhisma), and he began to slay 
his eneinies with his strong bow, agitating 
the army of your son the while. 

28. That at time, O Bharata, all the 
warriors of your army were unable to check 
hint, as he advanced, borne by steeds of 
argentine effulgence, discharging (right and 
left) his shafts well* whetted and furnished 
with beautiful wings. 

29. Then the Rakshasa Alambhusa 
pierced him with ten shafts only. Piercing 
him in return with fine arrows, the grand- 
son of Sini, advanced on his car. 

30. Seeing that heroic warrior of the 
race of the Vrishnis thus advancing, and 
whirling in the midst of his enemies, and 
checking, the foremost of the Kurus and ut- 
tering repeated war-cries in the battle, 

31. Your warriors showered their 
arrowy down-pour on him, like rain clouds 
drenching the mountains with torrents of 
rain. They were unable to check the 
career of that hero who appeared like the 
mid -day sun in his full glory. 

32. At that time, O king there was 
hone (in your army) who was not cheerless, 
except the son of 5omadatta,by name Vuri- 

sravas. This one seeing the car-warriors of 
his side routed, O Bharata, grasping his bow 
of fierece impetus, rushed at Satyaki de- 
sirous of fighting with the latter. 

Thus ends the stxiy-third chapter ^ the 
encounter between Satyaki and VurisravaSp 
in the Bhisma^hadha of the Bhisma Farva, 




Sanjaya said : — 

1. Then, O monarch, inflamed with 
wrath he pierced Satyaki with nine arrows, 
like an elephant-driver piercing the animal 
^ith the iron hook. 

2. Thereat, before the very cye5 of the* 
spectators, Satyaki of immeasurable soul 
snrouded, with his arrows of straight- joints, 
him of the Kourava host. 


3. Thereupon king Duryodhana, en- 
circled by his uterine brothers, surrounded 
(for supporting him) the sort of Somadatta, 
who had been striving hard in the cn- 

* Counter. 

4. In the same manner, the Panda vas 
endued with great might, speedily formmg 
themselves in a circle round Satyaki, stood 
(ready) in that battle. 

5. Then, O Bharata, Bhimasena 
wrought up with wrath, with his upraised 
mace, opposed your sons headed by Duryo- 
dhana himself. 

6 — 9, Supported by many thousand of 
cars, and excited with rage and fury, your 
son Nandaka pierced Bhimasena of great 
might with keen-pointed shafts whetted on 
stone and winged with the feathers of the 
Kanka bird. Then also, O monarch, Duryo- 
dhana excited with rage, in that fierce fight, 
struck Bhimasena on the breast with nine 
whetted shafts. Theaeafter the mighty- 
armed Bhimasena endued with superior 
strength mounted on his own most excel- 
lent chariot and thus addressed his chariot- 
eer Visoka. "These heroic and mighty 
car-worriors, these sons of Dhritarashtra 
endued with prowess, 

10. Excited with anger, are all striving 
to slay me in battle. Ihem will I undoubt- 
edly slay today before your very eyes. 

II — 12. Therefore, a charioteer, do you 
drive my steeds carefully in this encounter." 
Having thus spoken, O ruler of men, the 
son of Pritha pierced your son with ten keen- 
pointed shafts ornamented with gold. He 
also pierced Nandaka in return, in the cen- 
tre of his breast, with three arrows. 

13. Thereat Duryodhana, having pierced 
in return Bhima of superior strength with 
sin arrows, pierced VifH>ka with another 
three well-sharpened shafts. 

14. In that battle, O king, as if smiling, 
Duryodhana with these arrows cut off the 
efiulgent bow of Bhima near the grasp. 

15. Then in that battle, Bhima, behold- 
ing his charioteer Visoka afflicted with 
sharp shafts discharged by the mighty bow- 
man, namely your son, 

16. And unable to brook it and inflamed 
with wrath, took up another bow of celestial 
make, in order, O mighty sovereign, O 
foremost of men, to encompass the dcatli of 
your son^ 

17. Inflamed with wrath, he also took 
up an arrow with a horse-shoe head, fur- 
nished with feathery wings ; and with it, 
Bhima severed the excellent bow of the king 

18. Thereat your son overwhelmed 
with -fury, throwing off that severed bow, 
swiftly took up another bow of tougher 

19. O monarch placing on hisbow-strjn 
a fierce Visikha shaft that xesomtle' 



effulgence the bludgeon of Death himself, 
your son, excited to tlve highest pitch of fury 
struck Bhimasena with it, on the centre of 
his breast. 

20. Tliere-with struck home and afflict- 
ed sore, he (Bhima) squatted on (he terrace 
of his car ; and when he was thus seated, he 
was ovei whelmed with a swoon. 

21. Beholding Bhima thus afflicted, the 
mighty carrwamors of the Pandava host 
headed by Abhimanyu» all of excellent parts 
could not brook it. 

22. Then titese warriors, without the least 
flurry, poured on the head of your son a 
mighty shower of arrows of fierce velocity. 

23. Meanwhile Bhimasena of mighty 
prowess having regained conciousness, pierc- 
ed Duryodhaiia with three shafts and again 
with another five. 

14. That fierce bowman, that son of Pan* 
ciava then pierced Salya with twenty- five 
shafts furnished with golden wings. Thus 
pierced, the latter fled from the field of 

85^-26. Thereat your fourteen sons 
namely, Senapati, Susena, Jalasandha> Su- 
lochanai Ugra, Bhimaratha, Bhima, Vira- 
vahu, Aloliika» Durmukha, Dushpradharsa, 
Vivatsu, Vikata and Soma, then encounter- 
fid Bhima (in that battle). 

27. With their eyes coppery in rage« and 
ahootini? myriads off shaft84 they rushed 
/igainst Bhimasena, piercing him simulta.-* 

t8. Then the herok: Bhimasena of supe- 
rior might, beholding your sons, b^an to 
lick the corners of his mouth Uke a wolf in 
the midst of inferior beasts. 

29. Then that mighty-armed son of Pan* 
du, swooping down with great violence like 
Garuda himself, cut off with a horse-shoe- 
headed shaft the head of Senapati. 

30; Then with a cheerful soul, laughing 
all the while, that one of strong arms, pierc- 
ing Jalasandha with three shaSts, transport- 
ed him to the abode of Death. 

31 — 36. Tlien slaying Susena also, he 
despatched him to Death. With a broad- 
beaded arrow he felled on the ground the 
head of Ugra furnished with a helmet and 
graced with a couple of ICuldalas, and look- 
ing like the (charming) moon itseelf. There- 
after Bhima the son of Pandu, piercing in 
that battle Viravahu, along with his steeds, 
standards and charioteer with seventy arrows, 
despatched him to the other world. Then as 
if smilme, Bhintasena, O nvmarch, convey^ 
ed to the abodes of Death the two brothers 
Bliima ano Bhimar^ha. Then in that 
fici3^.g€i«tC9lf with an arrow furnishpd with 

a horse-shoe head, Bhima, despatched Su« 
lochana to the regions of Death, before the 
eyes of all the soldiers. Then the rest of 
your sons who were there, beholding in the 
field the prowess of Bhimsena, and while 
being thus struck by that hicfh-souled warn-* 
or, all ran away from the field of battle, 
afraid of Bhima. 

37 — 38. Thereupon the son of Santanu 
thus addressed the mighty ear- warriors of 
his army : — ' This fierce bowman, Bhima, 
inflamed with wrath, is slanghtering in battle 
the mighty sons of Dhritarashtra, accom<* 
plished in weapons, heroic, couragious and 
united though they are. Do you all receive 
that son of Pandu in battle." 

39. Thus spoken to, all the warriors be^ 
longing to the army of Dhritarashtra's son, 
furious in raget rushed at Bhimasena endu- 
ed with superhuman strength. 

40. Suddenly, O ruler of men, Bhaga* 
datta, mounted on an elephant with rent tem- 
ples, rushed towards the spot where Bhima 
was stationed* 

41. Rushing to the encounter, he, in that 
battle, intercepted Bhimasena from the 
view, (covering him) with shafts whetted on 
stone like cIoikIs intercepting the sun from 
the view. 

42. Then the mighty car-warriors head- 
ed by Abhimanyu, who all relied on the 
strength of their arms, could not brook this 
interception of Bhima. 

43. So, all those heroes opposed Bhaga"** 
datta on all sides with a shower of arrows, 
and they also began to pierce the ele- 
phant from all sides with an arrowy down 

44. That elephant of the ruler of the Pra- 
gytisas, O king, being struck by all those 
mighty warriors, with showers of weapons of 
diverse discription, 

45. And with blood spattered on its body, 
became, in that battle, worthy of being 
looked at, like masses of rain -clouds tinged 
with the rays of the sun. 

46. That elephant, shedding temporal 
juice, being goadled by Bhagadatta, rushed 
against all those (heroes), like Death in- 
carnate urged on by the D^troyer him/- 

47. It doubled its speed and shook the 
earth under neath its tread. Then all those 
mighty car-warriors, seeing that dreadful 
aspect of the animal, 

48 — 49. And considering^ it irristible, 
lost their heart. Then that king the fore- 
most of men, excited with wrath^ struck 
Bhimasena oii the centre of his chest, with 



4i Mralght shaft. Tfial mighty Cftr-Mfai^no** 
atid bowman, being pierced by that 

50. ^ilh hts limbs stiffened in conse- 
quence of a swoon, caught hold of his flag- 
«aft. Beholding them terrified, and seeing 
Bhima overwh^med with a swoon, 

51 — 52. The powerful Bhagadatta en- 
dued with great prowess uttered a loud roar. 
Then O monarch, the Rakshasa Ggatot- 
kacha of dreadful appearance seeing Bhima 
in that plight became inflamed with fury, 
and even there disappeared from the sight. 
And spreading a terrible illusion capable 
of enhancing the apprehension of the t:ow^ 

53. He re-appeared within a moment 
Assuming a dreadful form, and riding on an 
Atravatata the treation of his own illusive 

54. Otber elephants gfuarding the points 
of the compass, namely, Anjana, Vamana 
^ahahadma, followed it, all of pure efful- 

55. All these three mighty elephants 
ndden by Rakshshas were possessed of pro- 
digious bodies with the temporal juice pro- 
tusely exuding from flieir temples. 

56. Amd they were endued with prowess 
atrengHh and might and great fleetness and 
courage. Then Ghatotkacha goaded his 
awn elephant in battle, 

57. Being desirous, O affflictcr of your 
foes, of slaying Bhagadatta along with his 
«t«phafit. Goaded by the Rakshasas, of 
^resit strength, the other elephants, 

58. Each possessed of four tusks, fefl, 
from all sides, with fury, upon the rtefihant 
WfiJhi^datta, striking theWter at the same 
time with Jtheir tusks. 

.59' Wounded with arrows, and afflicted 
by those elephants, and smnrtmg with pain, 
the elephant of Bhagadatta set up a mighty 
ttiArChat resembled the rumble of the thun- 
-dei^dlt of indra. 

60. Hearing those deep and dreadftil 
cries of the foaring elephant, Bhisma thus 
spoke to Drona and king Suyodliana. 

6i. "This mighty bowman Bhagadatta 
•fighting in thi«; battle With the wicked- 
souled son of Hidimva, is involved in a great 

62. This Rakshasa is of prodigious sla- 
ture, and king Bhagadatta also is very 
wraillftir. Surely encountering each other 
in the 'fight they both will prove like the 

'Detfth and the Destroyer. 

63. Even now do we hear the mighty 
up.oar of the enraptured Pandavas, as also 

the distressful and loud cries of the frighten- 
ed elephant (of Bhagadatta). 

64. Good betide you, we shall now pro- 
ceed to protect the kin^a^ ; uprotected, in 
battle, he will soon be deprived of his li£e. 

65. Therefore. O warriors of eKt'raordi- 
nary prowess, make haste ; O sinless oneSf 
60 not delay. This hair- stirring and 
ruthless combat is deepening more And 

66. This leader of a division is devoted 
to us, is the son of an illustriotis d>viatty and 
is endued with bravery. O you -of unfadinfT 
renown, it is proper that his rescue tkeuid 
be effected by us." 

67. Listening to tfhosie wbrds of BInsma, 
all the monarchs forming in serried files 
and headed hy the son BhafadWaja, With a 
desire for rescuing Bhagadatta, 

68— 69. Proceeded in all baste to the 
spot where the latt'irwas. ' Beholdmg them 
advance, the Panchalas, together with the 
Pandavas headed by Yudhisthira himsdfr 
4^ursued the enemy Srom behttid. Beholding 
that mighty host, the foremost el the Rak- 
shasa endi^ with prowess, 

70. Uttered a deafeaning roar, that re- 
sembled the roar of thunder. 'Hearing hb 
.Foar and seeing (hose fighting cdephants, 

71. The soh of Santanu, namely, Bhis- 
hma again addressed the son of Bharadwaja 
saying : — ' 1 do not like to fight with the 
' wicked -souled son of -Hidimva. 

72. At present he is Surcharged with 
strength and prowess and is well -supported. 
He is now incapable of being defeated even 
by the wielder of the ehunderbolt himself. 

73. He is sure in his aims and can 
strike home ; our vehicles are all fatigued 
and we have been wounded and lacertated 
in our figlit with the Pandavas and the 

74. Therefore we do not liketo fight any 
longer with the Pandavas. Proclaim there- 
fore, the withdraAwal of our divisio«>s «for this 
day. Tomorrow shall we again battle with 
the enemy." 

75. Hearing these words of the grandsire, 
and afflicated as they were with the fear 
of Ghatotkacha, they (the Kouravas) de- 
ighiedly did what the former said avail- 
ing themselves of the pretext of the 
advent of night. 

76. Upon the withdrawal of the' Kurus, 
the victorious Pandavas sent up their war 
crees accompanied with thtrblare of conchs 
and cornets. 

77. Thus, O foremost of the Bharata 
race, did the battle rage that day, between 



the Kiirus and the Pandavas headed 
by Ghatotkacha. 

78. Thereafter, the Kouravas, at night 
fall, hastily repaired to their own encamp- 
ments, being a<ihamed and being vanquisn- 
ed by the Pandavas. 

79. Those mighty car-warriors, the sons 
of Pandu, with their bodies mangled 
with shafts in battle, O king-retired to 
their camps, with hearts over-flowing with 

80. And, O mighty monarch, they pro- 
ceeded placing Bhimasena and Ghatot- 
kacha at their van, and O mighty sovereign, 
worshipping them out of great delight. 

81. They uttered diverse cries that be- 
came mingled with sounds of the tabors, and 
they uttered also their war-cries which 
again were mingled with the blare of their 

82. Those high-souled warriors, uttering 
leonine roars and shaking the earth with 
their tread, O sire, agitated the hearts of 
your sons. 

83. Then those repressors of their foes re- 
tired to their camps at the advent of night. 
King Duryodhana. on the other hand, dis- 
tressed in consequence of the slaughter of 
his brothers, 

84. Reflected for some moments, over- 
whelmed with tears and grief. Then 
making all the necessary arrangements 
for his camp according to the rules of mili- 
tary sciences he began to meditate, afflicted 
(as he was with) the death of his brother and 
overcome with ptognant grief on their ac- 

Thus ends the sixty -fourth chapter, the 
withdrawal of the troops at the end of the 
fourth day's combat, in the Bhismabadha 
of the Bhisma Parva. 


Dhritarastra said:-- 

1. Hearing of those feats achieved by 
the sons of Pandu— feats which are difficult 
of beincr achieved even by the celestials 
themselves, O Sanjaya, 1 have been filled 
with apprehension and amazement. 

2. Hearing also of the humiliation of my 
sons m every way, O Sanjaya. I have 
been seized by a burning anxiety as to 
wliat the finale (of this war) will be. 

3. The prophecy of Vidura does 
consume my heart ; and, O Sanjaya, I see 

that through the influence of (adverse) 
destiny every-thing is happening even as 
he had said. 

4. The smiters of the Pandava hosts arc 
battling with those foremost of warrior^ 
headed by Bhisma, who are endued 
with heroism and accomplished in (the use 
of) all weapons. 

5. What asceticism those high-souled 
and greatly powerful sons of Pandii 
have observed, what boon, O child, have 
they secured, what knowledge h;\ve they 

6. In consequence of which they suffer 
no reduction, like th^ stars in the flrma-r 
ment ? I can not bear the repeated slaugh* 
ter of my warriors by the sons of Pandu. 

7—8. Through the disposal of Destiny, 
a highly severe chastisement has overtaken 
me alone. Tell me truly, O Sanjaya, every 
thing, about why my sons have become 
liable to slaughter and why the sons of 
Pandus have been exempted from it. I 
can not discern, O afflicier of your enemies, 
the termination of this ocean of distress, 

9. Like a man desirous of swimming over 
the vast sea with his two arms. I now 
certainly see that a terrible calamity has 
overtaken my sons'. 

10. No doubt, Bhima will slay all my 
sons. I do not Bnd that hero who can 
protect my sons in battle. 

II — 12. The destruction of my sons in 
battle is certain, O Sanjaya. Therefore, O 
Suta, it behoves you to tell me who am 
questioning you, in detail and truly, the 
real cause of these events, as also, what 
Duryodhana did, seeing his own troops turn 
their faces away from the Beld of battle. 

13. Bhisma, Drona, Kripa, and the son 
of Souvala) and Jayadratha, and the mighty 
bowman the son of Drona, and the 
mighty Vikarna, — what did all these warrir 
ors do ? 

14. What, O highly wise one, was 
the resolution of these high-souled war- 
riors, when, O Sanjava, my sons turned 
away their faces from the field ? 

Sanjaya said:— 

15. Hear, O king, with perfect attentioiVt 
and hearing do you understand what yoo 
hear. There was nothing the result of in« 
cantation and nothing the production of 

16. Neither, O monarch, did the sons of 
Pandu create any new source of apprehen- 
sion. Those warriors endued with strength 
are fighting ^ir battles according to the 
rules of fair coiVibat. 



17. The sons of Pritha, O Bhari^ta. de- 
tirous of securing illustrious fame, ever per- 
form all acts— nqven the maintenance of their 
lives — in perfect accordance with the rules of 

18. Attended by excellent prosperity and 
endued with great strength and conforming 
to aU morality, they never turn back from 
the fight. Victory ever attends righteous- 

19. For this reason, O ruler of earth, the 
ions of Pritha are unslayable in battle and 
arc ever courted by victory. Your sons 
ere of wicked intentions and are intent on 
|>erpetrating sin ; 

20—21. And are cniel and of low deeds ; 
therefore are they always worsted in the 
battle. O ruler of men, various heartless 
injuries were done to the Pandavas by your 
^ons, like men of low extraction. Disre- 
garding all those offences of your sons, 

22. O ^Ider brother of Pandu, the sons 
of Pandu fried always to keep them hidden 
ttnd miknown. O ruler of men your sons do 
not pay th^m proper respect. 

23. Let your sons now reap the fruit, — 
t}iat resembles the poisonous fruit of the 
Kimpaka tree,— pf that their persistent 
course of sinful actions. 

24. Now, O mighty monarch, do you 
with your sons and relatives, taste that 
mortal fruit, in as much as, O king, you did 
not seem to be awakened thot^ always 
warned by your well-wishers. 

35. , Always forbidden by Vidura, Bhis- 
ma, Drona of high soul, his son, as also by 
me, you did not pay any regard, 

36. To' olir word#, salutary and intended 
for yotir godd though they were, even as a 
sick mttti r«i^ets wholesome medicines. 
Accepting the views of your sons, you ex- 
pected to see the Pandavas vanquished. 

27. Hear again the true reason, — about 
which you had asked me— for the victory of 
the sons of Pandu, O foremost of the 

28. I shall exactly tell you, O subjugator 
of yotv fpes, as I myself have heard it. T^e 
gri^dsire himself was questioned, on this 
point by Hiog Puryodha^ia. 

29 — 30. BehoFding his brotliers, all ac- 
eottipllsh^'cat'-wbrriors, v^brstfcd ih battle, 
vOuh son Duryodhana, O Koilrava, whh hH 
Keslrt overwhelmed with sdri'ow, asked this 
qu^tlort to the grandsire, approaching him 
with humility, on the advent of night. O 
^ler of men, hea^ from me what your son 
did say at the time* 

Dnryodfaana said — 

31. Drona, yourself, Salya, Kripa. the 
son of Drona; Kritavaman, the son of 
Hridika, and Sudakshina the ruler of the 

33. Bhurisravas^ ViWarna and Bhagar 
datta endued with prowess — these heroes arp 
all regarded as .mighty car-warriors ; all these 
men are the sons of illustrious dynasties 
and are ever ready to shuffle off their mortal 

33. 1 Conilcfer these to be a matqh fof 
the three worlds united together. The whole 
Pandava arniy can not withstand your 

34. Regarding these things, a doubt haf 
arisen in my mind. Tell me, who am askjna 
you, of him, relying on whom the sox^^ o) 
Kunti are gaining victory over us at each 

BhiBxna said :— 

35-36. Hear, O king, t^e Words that I am 

fom^ to say to you, O you of the Kuru race, 
did frequently address you to the samq 
effect, urging you to conclucfe peace with th^ 
sons of Pandu. I consider this to be prfitable 
both to you and to the earth, O lord. 

37. Do' you, O king, enjoy the blessings 
of th^s' earth with yoiir brothers, wjth a 
centented heart, and enhancing the delighjf 
of your relatives and gratifying every one' 

38. O Sire, you paid no heed to my 
words before, though I cried myself hoarse. 
Now this evil has overtaken you, in as mnch 
as you have ever despised the sbni^ of 

39. Hear from , nie as I speak, Q kingi 
O lord, the reason why those sons of Pandu, 
who are never tired in the perforitiance of 
pious acts, are unslayiable. . . » 

40. There w£ls not, is not, or will not b<^ 
a person, who would have been, is or will be 
able to conqiier the Pandavas, protectied as 
they are by the wielder of the Sarnga bow. 

4t. Hear from me, you who are versed in 
morality, the ancient history that was related 
to me, O sire, by the sages of tran- 
quil souls. 

42. In the days' of yore, all the celeitials 
ind s^ges, assetnbl^d together, danced atten- 
dance upon the grandsire (Bjahmla) on the 
niouivtain Giandhamadana. , 

^43^ Sebtedat his etoe in: their midsti (h^ 
tord! of peepilte, saw an) excellent chariot, 
burning wkh effulgence^ stationed in the 
firmament, t . , 

44. Having ascertained everything at>oui 
thAt chariot by means of his conteinplaYion; 





and folding his palms tOjcrether, Brahma, 
with his soul 611ea with delight bowed down 
his head to the Purusha, the highest* of all 

45- Also the sages and the celestials, 
beholding the figure thus revealed in the 
heavens, stood with hands folded and 
with their gare fixed on the marvel of 

46. Then Brahma best conversant with 
tvith morality, the foremost of those versed 
in the Vidas and the creator of the worlds, 
having worshipped that form duly, chaunted 
this hymn of praise. 

47. " Thou art the glory of the universe, 
and hast the universe as thy form. Thou art 
the lord of the universe ; thou art the pro- . 
tector of it ; thou hast thy senses under thy 
thorough control. Thou art the Lord para- 
mount of this universe, thou art the 
VasudevA ; f seek refuge in thy divine self 
that art the soul of Yoga. 

48. Victory unto thee that art the divine 
and paramount Lord of this universe; 
victory unto thee, who art ever anxious for 
the world's welfare. Victory unto thee, the 
lord and the master of the Yogins ; victory 
unto thee that art identified wuh the occean 
of Yoga energy. 

49. Victory unto, thee the Lord of the lords 
of the universe, that hast the lotus spring- 
ing from thy navel and that hast expanded, 
eyes. Victroy unto thee that art the uicarn- 
ation of gentleness, thee that art the son of 
sons, O thou, the Lord of the past, the 
present, and the future. 

50. O thou, the receptacle of innumerable 
qualities, victory be unto thee, the refuge of 
all things ; O thou that art Narayana, and 
that art incomprehensible, victory be unto 
thee, the wielder of the Sarnga bow. 

51. Victrory be unto thee, O thou that 
hast the universe for thv form, that art 
free from the influence of all maladies. O 
Lord of the universe. O thou of lont; arms, 
victorv be unto thee who art devoted to fur- 
ther the welfare of the worlds. 

52. O g^eat Serpent, O huge Boar, O 
I^rd, O tliou possessed of the lion's manes, 
victory be unto thee. O thou whose raiments 
are yellow, O Lord of the several points of 
the compass, O thou that art like the abode 
of the universe, O infinite one, O thou that 
dost suffer no deterioration, 

53. O thou that art the Manifest, O 
thou that art the Unmanifest, O thou of 
senses thoroughly controlled, O thou that art 
like the infinite space, O thov that ever 
uchievest the acts beneficial to the worlds, O 
thou that are beyond all measurement, O 
iliou that alone art conversant with thy 

nature, O thou that art ever deep and the 
fulfiller of desires, victory be unto tnee. 

54. O thou that hast no end, O thou that 
art known as Brahma, O thou that art eter- 
nal, and art the protector of all creatures, 
O thou that art ever successful, O thou 
whose understanding is accomplished in all 
things, O thou that art conversant with all 
ri^^hteousness, O thou that art ever attended 
with victory, 

55. O thou of mysterious self, O thoii 
that art the soul of all Yoga, O thou that 
art the origin of every thing tl»at has sprung 
into existence, O thou that art the know-' 
ledge of the souls of every being, O master 
of the univhrse, victory be unto thee tliat art 
the creator of all beings. 

56. O thou that art self-create, O thou of- 
eminent parts, O tlioo that art ever active 
for bringing about the de&truetion ol alt 
beings, O ihou that art the inspirer of aU 
thoughts in the mind, victory be unto thee* 
the beloved of those that are conversant 
with Brahma. 

57. O thou that art ever engaged-in the 
acts of creation and destruction, O represser 
of all desires, O most exalted Divinity, O 
thou the origin of Amrita, O thou whose 
existence only is a reality, O thou that arr 
the Fire that doth appear at the end of st 
Yttga, O thou that art the bestower of 

5S. O thou that art the Lord of lords of 
men, G Divine one^ O thou that hast the 
lotus growing frdm thy navel, O thou endued 
with great might, O thou that art selfr 
create, O thou that art the elements in 
their nascent condition, O thou that art the 
soul of all performances, victory be uirto* 
thee, the giver of all things. 

59. The goddess of earth constitutes thy 
feet, the cardinal and subsidiary points of 
the compass repressent thy arms ; the celes- 
tial regions constitute thy head ; thy form is 
composed of myself ; the celestials con»pose 
thy limbs, and tl>e bun and the nFioon thy 
two e^'es. 

60. Asceticism and truth born of acts of 
piety constitute thy sirei^gth. Thy energy 
is fire, thy breath the wind. And wales 
have been created from thy perspiration. 

61. The twin Acwhts ever constitue 
thy ears, the goddess of learning is thy 
tongue, the Vedas are thy knowlege and in 
thee is this world stationed. 

62. O thou that art the Lord of Yoga and 
the Yogins, ywe know neither thy extent 
nor thy measure, neither thy energy nor thy 
prowess, nor th> strength, nor thy origin. 

63: O god, cherisliing reverence for thee, 
and betaking to thy ways by the perform- 



«nce o( vows kc, we do ever worship Vishnu, 
tht Supreme Lord, the God of gods. 

64. The sa^es, the celestials, the Gan* 
dharvas, the Yakshas, the Rakshas, the 
Pannagas, the Pishachas, and men, and the 
animals, and birds and men and reptiles, 

6$. All these have been created by me 
in the ^rst instance, on earth, through thy 
grace. O thou that hast the lotus sprmging 
from thy navel, O thou of expanded eyes, 
O Krishna, O soother of all afnictions, 

66. Thou art the refuge of all created 
beings and thou art their bodies! Thou 
hast the universe for thy mouth ; O thou 
that art the Lord of the celestials, the gods 
are ever happy through thy grace only. 

67. O eod, through thy grace the earth 
hath ever been freed from all her appre- 
hensions. So, O thou of expanded eyes, 
be thou the propagator of the Yadu race. 

68. Gratify my solicitation O Lord, for 
the sake of establishing righteousness, for 
for slaying the sons of Diti and for uphold- 
ing the universe 

69. O Vasudeva all that is supremely 
mysterious regarding thee, O Lord, all that 
have been exactly sung by me, through 
thy grace. 

70. Having created the divine Sankar- 
saiia thyself out of thy own self, thou didst 
then, O Krishna create thyself as Pradu- 
ranya^ born out of thy own self. 

71. From Pradumnya thou didst then 
creat Anirudha known as the undeteriorating 
Vishnu. And it was Anirudha who did 
create me Brahman as the supporter of the 

72. Thus created by the essence of 
Vamdeva, I have been created by thyself. 
Dividing thvself into portions, O Lord 
create tbyssif among humanity. 

73. There, for the well-being of the world, 
slaughtering the A suras, and establish- 
ing righteousness and winning glory, thou 
siiajt again attian to the best Yoga. 

74. O thou of immeasurable prowess, 
the regenerate sages and the celestials 
sing of thy wonderful self out of devotion 
for thee, under those various appellations 
that are ascribed to thee. 

75. O thou of excellent arms, all the 
host of beings find their support in thee, 
having sought shelter in thee, the giver 
of bqons. The Vipras eulogise thee as 
the bridge of the universe, having no be- 
ginning, middle or end, and as posessed 
of infinue Yoga prowess." 

Thus emds ihe sixty- fifth ehattir, the 
tulogy tc ViihMU, in the Bhismahadhm of 
the B his ma Varva. 

(BHISMABADHA ^M(M ky-Continned. 

Bhisma said '•— 

1. Thereupon that almighty Divinity* 
the Lord of the lords of people, thus re- 
plied to Brahma in a soft and sonorous 

2. "I have come to know, O sire, all 
that vou desire, through my Yoga power. 
It will be even as you desire. Saying this 
he disappeared then and there. 

3* Then the celestials, the sa^es, and 
the Gandharvas were all filled with great 
wonder ; and urged by curiosity they then 
thus spoke to the Grandsire Brahma. 

4. "Who indeed is he, O master, that 
was even now adored by your illustrious 
self with tK>ws and with humility, and who 
was eulogised in so high terms 7 We de- 
sire to hear about him. 

5. Thus spoken to, the almighty Grand* 
sire thus replied to the celestials, the 
regenerate sages, the Gandharvas and 
every one else in soft and sweet words* 

6. "O foremost of the celestials he who 
is disignated That, he who is supreme, he 
who is existent at present, and will be %o 
for all future periods, he who is the highest 
self, he who is called the soul of bemgs, 
and he who is the paramount Lord, 

7. I was holding conversation even with 
his ever- contented self ; that Lord of the 
universe has been entreated by me to show 
his grace on the earth, 

8. To take his birth in the world of men 
and to be known as the son of Vasudeva 
(I entreated him saying) : — 'For slaughtering 
the Asuras, do thou take thy birth on the 
face of the earth. 

9. Those Daityas, and Danavas, and 
Rakshasas of dreadful appearance and of 
great might who were slain in battle, have 
been born among men. 

10. For slaying them, the almighty Lord 
of great strength, being accompanied by 
Nara, shall wonder over the earth assuming 
a human form. 

11. Those ancient and illustrious sages 
namely Nara and Narayana, are incapable 
of bemg vanquished in battle by even 
the gods united together. 

12. Together, those two sages Nara and 
Narayana, ol immeasurable eflulgence, will 
be born in the world of men, and they 
that are fools will not recognise them ^ 


13. That Lord of the universe, whose 
s< n I Brahma am', that Vasucle\4,^he Para- 
mount Lord of all the worlds should always 
be worshipped by you. 

14. O you foremost of cetestiato, endued 
with grreat prowess and bearing the conch, 
the discus and the mace, he should never 
Be disregarded ^y you as a man, 

15. He is the supreme mystery ; he is 
the suprme shelter; he is the supreme 
Brahm;i, and he is the supreme glory. 

16. He is undeterioratine, unm inifest 
And eternal. He is designated the Pui usha, 
he iff ever sung but nevier known by any 

I7i He is the supreme energy, his is the 
supreme felicity, he is the ^ujremfe truth: 
Thus has Viswakarman sun ▼. 

18. Therefore the Lord Vasudeva of 
infinite prowess should never be disregarded 
a» a nfan by the celestials and the Asuras 
headed by Indra himself. 

19. That one of perverted undersaanding 
who, out of contempt, calls Hri^hikesaa man 
is said to be the vilest of all creatures. 

ao. He is spoken of as a great sinner 
who disregards Vasudeva for hfc having 
incarnated himself as a man. 

21. Men speak of him as a great sinner, 
who does not know that Divini one,' that 
soul of the mobile and the immobile, that one 
of pure efful^'euce, that one bearing the m;irk 
of Srivatsa on his breast, that one from 
whose navel a lotus has sprung. 

22. Disregarding that wearer of the 
diadem and the gem Koustuva, ' that giver 
of assurances of safety to his friends, that 
one ofillustrious soul, a man becoWies sunk 
in the dfeadful mire of sin. 

23. Every one, having known all these 
trutl)s, should do obeisance, O, best of the 
c^^esiials, to Vasndeva that Lord of the lords 
(I people." 

fi)ii8ma said. '•— 

24. That almighty one (the Grandsire), 
having thus spoken to the gods and thje sages 
in the days of yore, rep. i ed to his own resi* 
dence' leaving all creatures behind. 

25. Thereafter the celestials, together 
with the Gandharvas, the sages, and the 
A'psarksT, having listened to that discourse 
d^HVttt-ed by Brahma, went to Heaveti with 
j</yltlPh<ferts. * ' / . 

26. It was this, O sire, that was heard 
by fne frohi the sagesfof accom[>ft^hed und<»f. 
standing when they were speakin^g ef Vasu- 
deva the ancient one, amongst 'their ass<^m'- 
bl^'. . , ., . . . ^ 

27. Q you converant with the Shasiras, 
I afio heard this from Rama the son 6r Jama 
dagni, from the highly intlslligefit Marlteh- 
deya and also from Vyasa and Narada. 

28. Having heard the truth aMit th^ 
subject, and halving heard pf VasUfeva as 
the undeterioratinfg Lord of illustrious Sou1» 
the. supreme Master -of thd Lords of people, 

29. Prom whose self has sprung ftrahma 
the father of all the universe, why shoi^ld not 
men adore and worsifiip tliat Vasudeva ? 

30. Vou have been, Q sire, forbidden t 
in days pasf, by the sag^s of accomplished 
understandings T who said to y<^u), 'Uo hot 
risk a battle with Vasudeva the weilder 6l 
the' bow, 

31 . As also with the Pandavas*. Bp^ out of 
folly, you could not comprehend my wcrd^ I 
do regard you therefore asacriiel Rakshasa ; 
and you are encompassed in ignorance. 

32. For this reason it is that vou despise 
Govinda and Dhananjaya trie son of 
Pandu ; for, what other man could despise 
the divine Nara and Narayana ? 

3"^. I therefore, O monarch, say to you 
that this one is eternal ^nd und^teribrati^^ 
pervading the whole universe, Immutable* 
the ruler, the creator, the supporter and th^ 
truly existent. 

34. That preceptor of the mobile and the 
immobile creations, that supreme Loi'd,' 
supports the triune world ; he is the Warrior, 
the Victory, the Victorious, and the Lo^d of 
all nature. 

35. He is permeated, O king, with the 
quality 6f goodness and is free from thel 
slightest tinge of the qualities of passion and^ 
dullness. Righteousness is where Krishna ' 
is ; and victory is where rightiousnesls is. 

36. Tl^ sons of Pandu are, O king, sup- 
ported by the supreme excellence df msyo^a 
of self ; and, with certitude, victor^ Wril 
court them. 

37. He it IS who inspires the sons of 
Pandu with an Intelligence that brings ahoat 
their prosperity ; Tie it is who charges them 
with strength in battle; he it i^ vi^Ho ever 
protects them from danger. 

38. This one is that eternal , Deity th^t, 
pervades all creatures, and is ever bles^edf 
He, of whom you have asked me, is ceJQ- 
brated under the name of Vasudeva.^ 

39. He is adored and served with res- 
trained hearts alike by the Brahmana?, the 
Kshatriyas, the Vaisyas, and the Sudras/ ' 
each having distinguising features of their 
own, and performing their own diides. 

40. He It is, whom, at the end ol the 
Dwapara Yuga and in the beginning^ of the' 



Kali Yugif S^mbirs^^na had ^ulogisf^, 
ih'the mSiTier of devotees. 

41. It is that Vasudeva the creator of 
the universe who does repeatedly, create, 
Yu^a afteif Yng^* al> t^« region;^ of the 
qelestials ^nd, th? moi;tals, all, the se^-gir^ 
cities, and'^lso all ih? regions p/ human 

Thus eMs ih^ sixty'StJ^th ohafitfr, the 
sfofY* 0/ il^e vforld's, creafio^i ' i>h '^< 
^f^tST^a-badha 0/ tfij^ ^hismja Parvfi^ 


Baryodhaiia said:— 

I. In all the worlds, Vasudeva is s|K;»ken 
of as the' Highest BeTncr; O' gran^sire, I 
desire to know all about his nativity and' 
Wb gkny. 

Bhisma aaid :— 

i. Vasudeva is the Supreme Bpii^g, the 
God of all gods. There is to be seen none, 
O foremost of the, Bharatas^ superior to Him 
of eyc9^ resembling; lotus' petals. 

3. Markaudeya speaks, of Gbvinda as 
the great mystery, as all beings, as the 
Soul of all, as the Highest Soul and 
a^i t^« F0remost>pf all male beings. 

4. H-e created these three things vir., 
Water, Air, aiid Fire. Having created ttiis 
&irth, that Divine Mast«r^ the Lord< of 
all the worlds, 

5. That Highest So^l, that Foremast of 
all Beki|^, tatd himself down on thc^ waters^ 
Therein, that Divine One composed of all ' 
energies* was lulled in sleepi throujgh his 

6. He created Fire from His mouth, and 
Wind from His vital breath. That unde- 
teriorating One created Words and the 
Vedas from His mind. 

7. At first, He created these worlds as 
also the c^estials a|Qng wjth al| t^le,s^|rcs. 
He also^ created decrepitude and death of 
all creatures and; also their growth and 

8. He is righteousness itself and is vers- 
ed in. all 4u;ie9f H.^ is, th^ civei;. o^, boons 
ajn^ \^% ^r^a^linep of a|f our, desires, H^; is 
tfy Ac:tpr h?iifsejf a^, Mfell as the, Act itseJ/,. 
and he is the Divme and the Sole Ma^(er^, 

g^. Th^,. u^d«^epii?r^ing Lojcd of illus« 
tripi^, soyl, af Ri^s^ c^e^t^d fhp Past, the 
Pre^t ,apd t^ie. fulMrc, apd alsp tb)B, pfeator 
of the worlot viz .(Br^hn?^. 

10. He Cfe^ed ^amkarshan^ the First- 
born of all created being. He created the 
di\(ine Sesh^ who is pthef^is^ l^w)n af 

XI. And who supports all- crea^uFoa an^) 
upholds the Earth with all her mountains. 
Through devout meditation, the Vipras 
come to know Htm of supreme enecgy. 

1 2-7-13- That Foremost of all male 
beings slew the mighty Asura name^d 
Madhu who was born out of the secretion of 
His ears, who was furious and* of fierce 
actions and fierce intentions, when he was on< 
the point of destroying Brahma. In conse^ 
quence oi Mis slaying that Asura^ the 
celestials, the Danavas, andj the mortals, 

14. And the sages call Janardana by the 
name of t»ie Slayer of Madhu. ' The great 
Boar, the Lion, ahd'lhe three-treaded Lord^ 

15. Hari is the Father, and the Mother. 
of all Irving creatures. 'Neither there wa«, 
nor thiere will be, any one superk>r'toMim 
of eyes like lotus petals. 

1 6. From His moqth, O monarch. He 
created, the Regenerates, from Hns arms ike 
Kshastriyas, from His thighs, the yaisyaa 
apd from His legs the Sudrak. 

17—18. With ascetic austerities 'devoutly, 
serving in the «Jays of the full moon and 
the new moon feeshava the Divine, the 
creator of all corporal creatures, the Essence 
of Brahma and of Voga^ one surely attains 
to Him. Keshava has' been called the 
Supreme energy and the Grandsire of the ' 

19. The sages, O rqler of men, call 
Him Hrishikesha or the l,6rd o^ ^^ senses. 
Know Him also to-be the supreme Teacher, 
the Father, and the Preceptor. 

20. Regions of undeterioratiiig blessed- 
ness is secured by him on whon) Krishna 
becomes gracious. He that seeks protec- 
tion Irorti Kcwava in seasons of • dimger,. 

21. He that always, reads. of His themes,^ 
becomes happy and attended will all; bless-' 
ings. Those who ajttam to Krisfina a^e 
nei^r again befooled. 

22. That Japardcjan^ ever saves those 
who are bvenn^h^lined wjth great terro?;. 
O descendant of the Bharata race^^ perfectly 
aware of this f?ict; Yudhi'sthira, ' ' 

23. With his whole soul, has ^o^^^%j 
shelter in, Ke^haya, the. Supreme Gyd, tl;e 
Lord of the worlds, the Ma^tjer of' alf Yo^h 
and the Lord of this Earth. 

Thus end» the sixty •seventh* Chap^, ^kf- 
na tivity and glory, of K^eshaxa^^in t}\e^^Bli. - - 
md-badha of Me Biiisn(id.rarv9t. , 





Bhisma said :-* 

I. Hear, O monarch, from me this 
hymn, chaunted by Brahma himself, and 
recounted in the days of yore to men on 
Earth by the Brahmanical sages and the 

2. /'Thou art the Master of the Sadhyas 
and the celestials, and art the Lord of the 
god of gods, the Protector of people and the 
Knower of all hearts. Thus has the sage 
Narada sung of thee. 

3, Markandeya has spoken of thee as the 
Past, the Present, and the Furture, the 
the Sacrifice of all sacrifices and the Auste- 
rity of all austerities. 

.4. The almighty Bhrigu has sang of thee 
that thou art the God of all gods, and thine 
is the ancient and excellent semblance that 
is ascribed to Vishnu. 

5« Dwipayana spoke of thee that thou 
art the Vasudeva among the Vasus, the 
consolidator of the sway of Sakra (Indra) 
and the God of gods and of all created 

6. In the days of yore, on the occasion 
of the creation of creatures, thou hast been 
called Daksha, the Lord of creation. Angi- 
ras has spoken of thee as the creator of all 
corporeal beings. 

7. Devala has sung of thee that the 
Unmanifest All is in thy form and the 
Manifest is in thy mind, and that the 
celestials have all sprung from thy speech 

8. The hjsavens are pervaded with thv 
head ; thou dost sustain the Earth with 
thy two ar^ns ; the triune world is inside thy 
abdomen ; thou art the Eternal Male 

9. Persons purified by the perfor- 
mance of austerities, know thy divine self 
even to be such, To the sages gratified 
with a knowledge of the self, thou art 
the foremost of all true exTstent entities. 

10. O Slayer of Madhu, thou art the sole 
refuge of the royal sages, who are of illus- 
trious nature, who never turn back from 
the fight, and who are devoted to all their 

11. Even thus is that almighty and 
excellent Being Hari always adored and 
eulogised by sages conversant with the 
Yoga who are headed by Sanatkumara.'' 

12. Thus, O Sire, has been described to 
you, in detail and in brief, the real nature 

of Keshava. Now turn your heart in love to 

Sanjaya said :— 

13. Your son, O mighty monarch, listen- 
ing to this sacred story, began to regard 
highly Keshava and those mighty car- 
warriors, the sons Pandu. 

1 4- — 15' Thereafter, O monarch, Bhis- 
ma, the son of Santanu, again addressed 
him saying — **You have now heard, O 
monarch, the true description of the glory 
of the high-souled Keshava and of Nara, 
about which you asked me. You have 
abo heard of the purpose for which both 
Nara and Narayana have taken their births 
among men. 

16. You have also learnt why those 
two heroes are invincible and why they have 
not been ever vanquished in battle ; as also 
why the sons of Pandu, O king, are unslay- 
able in battle by anybody. 

17. Towards the Pandavas endued 
with fame, Krishna bears an unshaken 
affection. Therefore it is, O foremost of 
sovereigns, that I advice that peace be 
concluded with the Pandavas. 

18. Controlling your passions do you 
rule this earth with your powerful brothers 
around you. You shall surely reap des- 
truction if you disregard the divine Nara 
and Narayana." 

19. Having spken thus, O ruler of men, 
your father became silent ; and dismissing 
the king, he entered his own tent. 

30. The king also retired to his own tent 
having bowed down to that one of illus- 
trious soul. Then, O foremost of the Bha- 
ratas, he slept away that night on a (milk) 
white bed. 

Thns ends the sixty 'eighth chapter, the 
glory of Krishna, in the Bhisma'badha 
of the ahisma Parva, 



Saiqaya said :— 

I. When that night had passed away 
and when the sun had risen, the two armies 
O mighty monarch, encountered each other 
for battle. 

'^. Looking at each other in that battle, 
they rushed ngainst each other in serried 
files, inflamed with rage and J desirous of 
slaying and conquering each other. 



3. In consequence of your wicked conn* 
sel, O kinfCf the Pandavas and the Dhrita- 
rashtras. filled with joy, clad in mail and 
formed in battle array, rushed against one 
another for striking one another. 

4. O monarch, Bhisma protected on all 
sides the array of his troops that figured the 
Makara. O kmg, so also, the sons of Pandu 
protected the array that they had formed 
\vith their troops. 

5. Then, O mighty monarch, your sire 
Devavrata, that foremost of car-warriors, 
marched forth surrounded by a mighty host 
of cars. 

6. And other car-warriors, foot-soldiers 
tuskers and horse-soldiers, followed him 
each stationed in his proper rank. 

7. The sons of Pandu endued with fame, 
seeing the Kauravas ready for the encount- 
er, formed their troops in that invincible and 
esccdlent array that figures a hawk. 

8. And In the backs of that hawk-like 
array shone Bhimasena possessed of great 
strength. In its eves were Sikhandin and the 
irrepressible Dhrishtadyumna the son of 

9. In its head was stationed the heroic 
Satyaki of invintible prowess ; and in its 
neck ^us Partita wielding the Gandiva 

10. The high-souled Drupada ever- 
attended with prosoerity, along with his 
son, and supported by a Aukshahini of 
troops, formed its left wing. 

11. Its right wing was formed by Kai- 
kaya i\\e commander of a division consisting 
of a \ukshahini ; in its back were the sons 
of Drupadi and the highly powerful son of 

12. In its tail was the heroic and ever 
prosperous king Yudhisthira himself endued 
whh great prowess, and supported by his 
twin Drothers Nakula and Sahadeva. 

13. Then in the battle that com- 
menced Bhima, penetrating through the 
mouth of the Makaralike array of the 
Kauravas, approached Bhisma and covered 
Itim over with arrows. 

14. Thereupon Bhisma endued with 
great prowess, discliarged powerful we;ipons 
tliat confounded in that fierce encounter the 
array of troops belonging to the sons of 

15. Upon the confusion of the forces, 
Dhananjaya proceeding hastily, pierced 
Bhishma with a thousand shafts, at the van 
of battle. 

16. Having baffled in that battle the 
weapons discharged by Bhisma, Dhanan- 
jaya stood ready for the encounter, sup- 

ported by his own division filled with 

17 — rp. Thereupon king Duryodhana 
that foremost of those endued withjstren^th, 
that great car- warrior seeing that terrible 
slaughter of his army and remembering the 
death of his brothers, in that battle, speedi- 
ly apporached the son of Bharadwaja, and 
addressing him said : — O preceptor, O sin- 
less one, you are my constant well-wisher. 
Relying on you as also on the urrandsire, we 
expect without (doubt to conquer in battle 
even the very celestials themselves. 

20. Not to speak of the sons of Pandu, 
who are of puny might and prowess 7 Good. 
betide you. Act in such a way that the • 
sons of Pandu may be slain." 

21. Thus spoken toon the field by your 
son, Drona penetrated the Pandava array • 
even before the very eyes of Satyaki. 

22. Thereat, O Bharata, Satyaki im- 
peded the progress of Drona. Thereupon 
ensued an encounter that. was fierce and ter- 
rible to look at. 

23. Then in that battle, the hi||^hly power 
ful 5on of Bharadwaja, burning with rage as 
if smiling, struck the erandson of Sini with 
ten shafts on his shoulder-joint. 

24. At this, Bhimasena waxing ^roth, 
pierced Bharadwaja with arrows, desirous 
O monarch, of rescuing Satyaki from Drona 
that foremost of all wielders of weapons. 

25. Thereat Drona and Bhisma and also 
Salya, O sire, inflamed with rage, covered 
Bhimasena in that battle with (a thick show 
er of) arrows. 

26. Then, O sire, Abhimanyii waxing 
wroth, and the sons of Draupadi also, pierc- 
ed with their whetted shafts all those warriors 
with uplifted weapons. 

27. Then in that fierce battle, the 
mighty bowman Shikhandin rushed against 
Bhisma and Drona, both of great prowess, 
who inflamed with wrath, had fallen upon 
his own troops. 

28. Gr-isping a very tough bow of which 
the twang resembled the rumble of the 
cloud!>, that hero speedily poured down a 
shower of arrows, shrouding the sun it- 

29. But the grandsire of the Bharatas, 
meeting with Shikhandin in the battle 
avoided him, remembering the femininity ^f 
his sex. 

30. Thereat, O mighty monarch, urged 
by your son, Drona rushed into the en- 
counter, in order to protect Bhisma. 

31. Shikhandin also encountering Drona 
the foremost of all wielders of weapons, 


afined him out of fear, like one flying 
trom the blazing Bre that burns at the end 
of A Yuga. 

3a. Then O ruler of earth, your son, 
supported by a mighty division, advanced 
to rescue Bhisma, out of a desire for secur- 
ing great fame. 

33. So also, O itionarch, the Panda vas 
firmly setting their heart upon victory 
rushed at Bhisma, placing Dliananjaya at 
their head. 

34, Then a fierce and Wonderful encoun- 
ter, like that between the celestials ^nd the 
Asuras, ensued between those two hosts 
each desirous of wiimtng vtctbry aind g^eat 
fame in battle. 

Thus ends tht sixty^ninik chapier, ike 
conrnneneem^nt of the fi/th day's figM, ih 
the Bhisma'badha 0/ the Bhisma Farva, 



Saiijaya said :^ 

I. Then Bhisma* the son of Santanu, 
fought a fierce battle, desirous of saving 
your sons from their fear of Bhimsena. 

2i In that morning, a most dreadful 
battle was fought between the kings of the 
Kurava and the Pandava hosts, in which 
many best warriors were slain. 

3« When that furious and dreadful en- 
gagement raged, a terrible din arose, that 
touched the very heavens. 

4. The clangour that was made was* de- 
afening, in consequence of the roars of strick- 
iiijg elephants and the neighs of steeds and 
the blare of conchs and the sound of drums. 

5. Those nlighty weu-riors endued with 
great prowess, fighting with one ano- 
ther out of a desires for victory, roared at 
one another, like bulk amongst a herd of 

6. O foremost of the Bharatas» heads 
cut off with keen -edged arrows, falling in 
that b itile^ appeared Irke a shower of stones 
from the skies. 

7. Many heads, O foremost of the 
Bharatas, were seen lying on the field of 
battle, graced with ear-ring^ and head- 
gears, and effulgent like gold itself. 

8. The ground was strewn over with 
limbs severed by Visikha, with head graced 
with ear-rings, and with arms decorated with 
oiiiaibt^nts &c. 

9 — 10. In a moment .the earth literaUy be* 
came covered over wjth bodies cased in ar- 
moursi with decorated arms. With .faces 
charming like the moon and beauti fied With 
e>^es with coppery corners, and O monarch, 
with the of aead bodies of dephants, steeds 
and men, 

1 1. Under the thick cloud of dust (raised 
by the warriors) in which, the whistlinfi^ 
weapons flashed like lightning, the sound 
emitted hy the various implements of War 
resembled the roars of thunder. 

12. That dreadful and fierce fight, O 
Bharata, between the Kurus and the Pandus 
created a riv^r of blood in the field o( batde. 

1^, In that fierc^, dreadful, fernfying 

and hair-stirring battle, the Kshastriyas in- 
capable of being repressed in battle begAn 
to shower a veritable down-jpour of arroWs. 

14. Afflicted with that shower of arrows* 
the elephants of your army as well as of the 
ertemy's army, b^gah to shriek aloud aiSd 
ran hitheY and thithler with uplifted trunlcs.. 

15. Nothing could be heard in conse- 
quence of the flappings produced by bows.ofj 
great toughness, belonging to cool-headed 
w^lrriors excited with fury. 

16. As head-less trunks stood' up in (ha. 
sea of blood, other kings rushed into batt 1, 
endeavouring to slay their enemies. 

17. Heroes of immeasurable prowess^ 
possessed of ar^is resembling bhidgeoms* 
slew one another in that battle, with shafts 

and Saktis and maces and swords. 

> • 

18. Pierced with shafts and deprived 
of their riders who used to guide them with 
hooks» elephants began to course (madly) 
through the field ; steeds ran about in all', 
direction having their riders slain. 

19. Many warriors of your army and 
many belonging to the host of enemy, 
afHicted with shafts- wounds, running hitheTj 
and thither (with pain), (at last) jumped 
ufi an'd fell down. 

20 — 21* In that fight between Bhima 
and Bhisma, heaps of arms, heads, boww 
maces, legs and ornaments and braceletA; 
were seen rising over the field. 

22. Therd was also seen here and fhery 
Orulet'of men, large number of ruirnSttg* 
steeds atid retrefathig etejfihants. 

23. The, Kshastriyas, urged on by 
Destiny, began to slay one an<^the'f in 
that battle, with maces, swofds, lahces and 
straight- join ted shafts. 

24. Other heroes accomplished in battle 
struck one another in that battle with their 
bare arms, that resembled bludgeons made 
wholly of iron. 

Shi'smA parva. 


^5. O king, other heroic warriors of 
Jrour army foueht on with those of the (*an- 
dava host, and slew one another by striking 
one another with clehchecl fists, knees, 
|>alms and blov^s. 

26. With the faden, tfae falling, and 
Hf'tth those rolling on the groUnd in agony, 
the battle, O lord of men, became indeed 
Irery dreadful. 

27. Car- warriors deprived of their cars, 
Ifrasping Well-tenlpereds swords, rushed at 
one ahother desirous of slaying one another. 

28. Thereupon king Ouryodhana sur- 
rounded by a large number of the Kalingas 
and placing Bhisma at the head, charged 
the Panda va host. 

29. So also,' the Pandavas, surrounding 
Vrikodara and ridiog on fleet animals in 
that battle, rushed, inflamed with wrath, 
against the divison led by Bhisma. 

Thus ends the seventieth chapier^ the 
fierce fights in the Bhisma-badha of the 
Bhisma Parva* 



Sanjaya said i— 

1. Seeing his brother (Bhima) and other 
kings (of the Pandava host) engaged with 
Bhisma, with weapons uplifted, Dhananjaya 
rushed against the sc^ of Ganga. 

2. Hearing the blare of the conch 
Panchajdnya, and the twang of the bow 
Gandiva, and seeing the standard of the 
don of Pritha (Ar]unaJ, t'very one of us was 
seired with terror. 

3 — ^4- O mighty monarch, we tlien 
Deheld the standard of that wielder of tlie 
Candfva bow,— standard that resembled a 
lion's tat) in shape and k>oked like a blaz- 
ing mount;) in in the air ; that could not be 
obstructed by the trees ; that appeared like 
the risen comet j and that was of diverse 
hue and variegated and of celestial make 
and bore the device of the monkey. 

5. In that terrible encounter, the 
warriors saw Arjuna's gold-mounted 
Gandiva appear beautiful like flashes of 
lightning illumining a mass of clouds in 
the welkin. 

6. While he was slaying the warriors 
of your army, we- heard shouts, that resem- 
bled those ofc Indra himself, uttei'ed by 
Arjypaj as al»o the dreadful 80iind& he pn>- 
duced by strikin^r his palms against. his 


7; Arjuna poiire4 in torrents his arrowy 
showers in all the drections of the compass, 
like a rain-cloud surcharged with lig^htn- 
in^ and thunder and ddsisted by violent 
tempest pouring fain. 

8. Then Dhanjaya, possessed of dread- 
fMl weapons, rushed against the son of 
Qanga. Confounded with his weapons 
we then Urere unable to distinguish between 
the east and the west. 

9'. 'then O foremost of the Bh^rata^ 
your warriors, not knowing which point of 
the compa^ they wer6 in, ^ith their animals 
exhausted, steeds slain and hearts con- 
founded, and hiiddting dose to one another^ 

10. Threw themselves upon the pro- 
tection of Bhisma, along of with your sons, 
in that battle Bhisma the son of SanUna 
became their refuge. 

11. Seized with pafiic, car- Warriors 
jumped down from their cars and cavalry- 
soldiers from the back of their steeds ; and 
foot-soldiers fell down even on the ground 
where they stood. 

12. Hearing the tWang of the borw 
Gandiva, that resembled the rumble of 
thunder, O Bharata> all your warriors were 
struck with terror and began to fall oil 
their ranks. 

13. Then, with fleet and mettled charg- 
ers of the Kamvoja breed, and surrounded 
by many thousand Gopas and an arnty of 
the Gopayana*, 

14. And O ruler of men, supportefdi 
by the Madras, the Souviras, the Oand.haras 
the Trigarttas, and the forennost of all 
Kalinga warriors, the king of the Ka- 

15. And king Jayadratha accompanied 
by many kings and followed by a numer- 
ous force consisting of various races headed 
by Dussasana himself, 

id. And supported by fourteen thou- 
sand picked cavalry-sol dters urged by youi* 
son, encompassed on all sides tne king of 
the Suvalas. 

17. Then in that battle, united together 
and riding on their respective vehicles, those 
foremost of Bharata's race, namely the sons 
of Pandu, began to slaughter the warriors of 
your army. 

18. A thick cloud of dust, raised by car« 
warriors, eleph^nts,^ Meeds aid foot soldiers, 
made the battle th^ r^aged all the more ter- 

19. ' Bhistpa. ,' theOf ' supported by a 
niigl^ty,- force consiisting of elephant-war;- 
jior^, G^^-'warriors and cavalry-soldiers, all 
armed witn Tomaras, NaracJias and Prasa* 



fell to fight with th« dtadthi-detUed Ar- 

. 20 — 21. Jhc fuler of Avanti encountered 
the king- of the Kasis. f^himasena engaged 
the niler of the Sindhiis ; anci Ajaiasatrvt 
lYudhisthira) with his sons And his courrsei-' 
lors, eng^ed with iht renowr^ed Salya the 
foremost of the Madraft. Vikdma became 
•engaged, with SahadeVAf and Chitrasena 
with Sikhandin, 

22. The- Matsyas, O. ruler of men en- 
countered Duryodhaha along with Sakuni. 
brppada^ Cliekitana and th^ mighty car- 
warrior Satyaki 

23. Engaged with X\it illustrious Drona, 
supp>or)ed by his son. Kripa and Krita- 
varman both tharg^id Dhrist&dyumna. 

24. Thus, running steeds and wheeling 
and whirling cai-s and elephants^ in that 
battle, engaged with oiie another, all over 
th^ field. 

25. Fl^^ies of lightning ill omened the 
welkin althoiigb there was no cloud, and 
the points of the compass were shrouded 
in thick clouds of dust; and O ruler of 
men, large meteors were seen falling with 
terrible soundd. 

^ ^6. A mighty tenvpest, raj^^d and a 
shower of dust b^an- to fatl. The suh dis- 
appeared in the firmament being shrou- 
ded by the dust -clouds raised by the 

i/. All tKfe 'warriori, overwhelmed with 
that dust and fighting with their various 
weapons^ were greatly confoiinde(^. 

2S. The whizzing noise produced by the 
arrows capable of piercing through every 
armour and disthar^ed by the Ikrms of 
heroes, was indeed deafening. 

29. O foremost of the Bhar^tas, weapons 
endued with the pure effutgence of the stars, 
illumined the firmament when they were 
shot by excellent arms. 

30. In all diVections were scattered, O 
foremost of the Bliaratas, butklers made of 
butl^s hide, of variej^ated appearance, and 
covered with a net-work of gold. 

31. In all directions were seert heads 
and limbs falling, being cut off with swords 
of the effulgence of the sun. 

32. Mighty car-warriors, hkvli^ ihfc 
.wheel, the axle and the terr«oe» of (heir cars 
broken, fell down on Uto '^ound, with 
their steeds slain and their k>ng^arms 

33. Steeds leH dotlrh ^on TY«t Kattle-field 
mangled with th^ )t^\ ol w^^mt, and cai% t 
w^ieelcd ground deprived 61 thdr n^ar* 

34. O Bharata, wounded with afmw5, 
with ther bodies mangled, and their har- 
nesses on, excellent steeds t^n there drag* 
ging the-car-yokes aft6r them. 

35. Many warriorsr O king, with their 
cars, horses and drivers were seen slain in 
that battle by a single elephant Assessed of 
great strength, 

36. In that battfe scenting th« o<four of 
the temporal juice shed by other compeers, 
many elephants l>egan to snuff the air 
in the very midst of that slaughter of 

37. The feeld of battfe waftr covered wkk 
elephants bearing Wooden edifices and 
guides, as they feW down deprived of live 
being struck with pik^d liinces. 

38. In the midst of large forces, many 
elephants With th(& stai>d;»rds and warriors 
on their back, fell down on the ground being 
crushed by other huge compeers urged on 
by their guides. 

39. In that battle, O king, were seen 
many chariot-shafts to be broken by ele- 
phants using their trunks that resembled 
the body of the serpent chief. 

40. In that battle car- warriors, the yokes 
of whose cars had been ihattere<J. were 
seized by the hair by the tuskers ; and drag- 
ged down like branches of trees they were 
thoroughly cru%hed. 

41. Other prodigious elephants, <)ragging 
cars entangled with other cars, ran in all 
directions uttering loud roars. 

42. I'he appearance of those elephants 
dragging those chariots looked beautiful 
like that of others of ihetr species tearing 
loiiis-stems growing in the lakes. 

43. Thus then the extensive field of 
battle was strewn over with cavalry-so4diera» 
and mighty car- warriors and their tail 

Thus ends the seventy -first chapter, the 
fierce fight, in tJte Bhisma^hadha of the 
Bhisma Parva* 


Sanjaya said :— 

I. O ruler of men, Sikhandin, w^th )he 
king of the Matsyas irik Virata, sp^ed^ 
rushed againilt Bhibma, that mighty bow- 
man difficult of being defeated in battle. 

3. Dhananjaya In that battle hishe^ 
against Drona, Kripa, Vtkarna, and many 



klttgs, all mighty -bowmen, brave, and 
endued with great prowess, 

3. As also, against tUat great warriqr, 
the ruler of the Sindhus supported by his 
friends and roinisters, and, O toreipost of the 
Bharatas, against many other kings from 
tlie West and the Sputh. 

4. Bhtmasena, in that fight, rushed 
against your vindictive son Duiyodhana 
iJiat mighty bow-men, as also against his, 
brother Onssaha. 

5. Sahadeva rushed against the two 
mighty car- warriors, both skilful bow- men 
and invincible in battle, namely, Sakuni and 
Uluka vf\\o were father and son. 

6. That mighty car- warrior, O great 
monarch, namely Yudhisthira, whohad been 
shamefully decei«red by yours son, proceeded 
in ihat battle against the elephant division 
of the Kurus. 

7. That brave son of Pandu by Madri 
namely Nakula, who was capable of wring- 
ing tears from the foe, encountered in battle 
that excjBllent division of car-warriors con- 
aisting df the Trigartas. 

8. Satyaki, Chekitana, and the son of 
Sabhadra endued with great prowesss, all 
invincible in battle, rushed against the 
Salyas and the Kaikayas. 

9. The Rakshasa Ghalotkacha, and 
DhnsUketu, both incapable of b^ing con- 
quered, charged in that battle the car- 
division of your sons. 

10. Then, O kin?, the mighty car- 
warrior, that eeneralissim Ohristadyumno 
of immeasurable soul, engaged with Drona 
of fierce achievements. 

11. Thus the warriors of your army, 
all heroic and mighty bow-men, encouuter- 
tng the Pandavas in the battle, began to 
sa&iie one apiother down. 

12. When the sun reached the meridian 
aiid when tlie sky burned with liis fiery 
rays, the Kurus and the Pandus began to 
kill one another. 

13. Then chariots, mounted with flag- 
staffs from the topsof of which pennons were 
fluttering, and variegated with gold and 
covered with tiger-skins, appeared beautiful, 
as they drov6 through the scene of battle. 

14. A dreadful din was created by those 
if»rr«ors as they engaged in the figfit 
out jof a desire, for , conquering one another, they roared like roarivg lions iheni- 

15. The strokes Chat the herok: Srin- 
jayas and the Kurus deialt to one another 
ill that conflict and. ihat were terrfble apd 
iKQnderful,,wece also seen by us. 

16. Neither, O monarch, O aflfHcter of 
your enemies, were we able to see the firma- ' 
ment, the sun or the cardinal and subsidiary 
quarters, in consequence of their being 
shrouded on all sides by a thick discharge 
of arrows. 

17. The effulgence, like that of blue 
lotuses, of Sakitis with shinning hefids, of 
hurled lances, of well-tempered ^wprds, 

18. As also the effulgence of the coats of 
mail and of diverse and woncerful orna- 
ments, filled the firmament and the cardinal 
and subsidiary qtiarters wiih its flashed. 

19. Then, O monarch, Kere and there, 
the field of batde appeared beautiful being 
strewn over with tf^ bodies of monarchs* . 
whkh were e£^ulg)ent like the sun or tlie 

20. Excellent car- warriors, ^all ioremoj^ of 
men, encountering one another in b;«ttle, : 
appeared beautiful, O king, like planets* 
in the heavens. 

21. Then that foremost of car- warriors 
namely Bhisma, waxing wroth opposed 
Bhimascna of great prowess even* before 
the|very eyes of the assembled troops. 

22. Then shafts furnished with g^olden 
wings whetted on slone,smeared with oil and 
charged with impetus, wounded Bhima in 
that battle, being shot by Bhisma himself. 

23. Thereat the mighty Bhimnsena hurled 
at Bhisma, O Bharata, his lance charged 
with fierce momentum and resembling an 
enraeed snake. 

24. But «n that combat Bhisma cut ofif. 
with his straight arrows, that lance fur-* 
nished with a ^plden staff as it coursed 
swiftly towards himself. 

25. Th^rWter. <) Bharata, with a 
whetted an<jl , wfH-te^P^Cpd Vallji piii^ma 
cut in twain th^ bow ftf fthimasena. 

26—27. Thereupon, speedily rushing at 
Bhisma, SatyakI in that "encounter, with 
numerous keen-pointed and sharp-ed^ed 
shafts discharged with a bow*string dr^wn » 
back to the' ear, pierced r D ruler of men, 
your own father. Thereat aiming a- ^hdurp 
and very drpadfij ^ow, 

28. Bhisma felled tiie charkMeer of that 
VrishnV hett ivom his seat on the box of 
the chariot. Upon the death of the driver,' 
the steeds, O icing, of that warrior, boked' 

29. Those steeds wildly careered over 
the field of bi^e, endued as they Were with 
the 4leetnessr ^ jhc m\tid or the wind. 
Tb^reuppp ft \<^ upfcNVr v^ sent up by 
a^ll the th^ tr/9PJ?»* 



^ 30. Exclamations of Oh ! and Alas ! 
were uttered by the warriors of the Pandava 
army. Rnn^ Seifte, Hold the steeds. Go in 

31. Such cries followed the chariot of 
Yuyudhana. During this interval, Bhisma 
the son of Santanu, 

32. Began to slay the troops of the 
Pandavas, like the slayer of Vritra himself 
slaying the hosts of the Danavas. Thus 
slaughtered by Bhisma, the Panchalas snp- 
ported by the Somakas, 

33. Setting their hearts fixed on battle, 
rushed against Bhisma. Other warriors of 
the host of the sons of Pritha, headed by 
Dhristadyumna himself rushed in battle 
against the son of Santanu, inflamed with a 
desire for slaughtering the army of your 

34. So also, O king, the warriors of your 
army headed by Bhisma and Orona, rush- 
ed with impetuoustty against the enemy. 
Thereupon these raged a seceond battle. 

Thus ends the seventy -second chapter, the 
prowess of Bhisma, in the Bhisn^a-badha 
9/ the Bhisma Farva, 


Sai^jaya said :— 

1. Then the mighty car- warrior Virata 
pierced with three arrows the mighty car- 
warrior Bhisma, and the latter's steeds 
with another three arrows. 

2. Thereat Bhisma the son of Santanu, 
that mighty bow-man endued with great 
strength and lightness of hands, pierced him 
in return with ten shafts furnished with 
ivings of gold, 

3. Then that fierce bow-man and mighty 
car-warrior of firm hands, namejy, the son 
of Drona, pierced with six shafts the 
wielderof the Gandiva bow between his 

4. Thereat that sla^^ of his foes, that 
humiliator of his antagonists, namely. 
Phalguna (Arjuna), cut down the bow of 
Prona's son and pierced him sore in return 
with five sharp arrows* 

5. Then the latter, endued with g^eat 
impetiuHisity, overwhelmed with fury, not 
brooking the severing of his bow by Partha 
(Arjuna) in the battJei graspod another bow, 

6. And, O king, pierced Phalguna 
(Arjuna) with ninety keen-pointed shafts; 

then with seventy excellent arrows he pieired 
the son of Vasudeva. 

7. Thereupon with eyes coppery in rage, 
Phalguna with Krishna breathing long and 
hot and reflecting again and again, 

8 — 9. And also that grinder of foes that 
foremost of mighty heroes pressing his bow 
with his left arm, and excited with rage, and 
wielding the Gandiva bow, placed on the 
bow-string sharp and straight and fierce 
shafts capable of depriving a foe of his 
life ; and therewith, in that battle, speedily 
pierced the son of Drona. 

10. Those shafts, in that battle, pene« 
trating through the armour of the son of 
Drona drank his life-blood. But thus pierced 
by the wielder of the Gandiva-bow Drona's 
son did not flinch. 

11. Discharging similar arrows at the 
son of Pritha, O king, he stood unwavering 
in battle, desirous of protecting Bhisma of 
illustrious vows. 

12. That great feat of his which con- 
sisted in his encountering the two Krlshnas 
together in battle, was greatly applauded 
by the foremost among the Kurus. 

13. Having obtained from Drona various 
rare weapons together with the method of 
their withdrawal, he every day undauntedly 
fought amidst that host» 

14. " This is the son of my preceptor j 
this is the very dear son of Drona ; especially 
he is a Brahmana, and so worthy of my 

15. Thinking thus, that grinder of enemies 
the brave Vivatsu (Arjuna), that foremost 
of car-warriors, showed mercy towards 
Bharadwaja's son. 

16. Thereafter in that encounter leaving 
alone the son of Drona, Kunti's son (Arjuna) 
borne by while chargers, endued with great 
prowess, fought on displaying great light* 
ness of hands and spreading slaughter in 
the ranks of the enemy, 

17. Duryodhana pierced the mighty 
bow-man Bhimasena with ten shafts fur-, 
nished with vulture-feathers and whetted on 
stone and decked with gold, 

18. Excited with wrath, Bhimasena grasp- 
ed a variegated bow of tough make, cap- 
able of depriving the foe of his life, as also 
ten sharp arrows* 

19. Thereafter taking a steady aim with 
those iKen -pointed . shafts charged with 
great energy and fierce impetus, and draw- 
mg the bow-string back to his ears, Bhima- 
sena struck home the ruler of the Kurus 
on his broad chest. 

20. Thereupon the gem that was hang- 
mg m the breast of Duryodhana by golden 



t>ifeads, being surrounded by tliose arrows, 
appeared charming like the sun in the 
heavens surrounded by the planets. 

ai. But your son endued with great 
energy, thus pierced by Bhimasena, did 
fiot brook it cooly, like a snake not bearing 
the sound of the tread of man. 

22. Thereafter inflamed with rage, O 
king, he pierced Bhiina with numerous 
shafts furnished with golden wings and 
whetted on stone, with a view to protect his 
own soldiers. 

23. Thus fighting with each other and 
mangling each other (with shafts) in that 
battle, those two sons of yours, both en- 
dued with great prowess appeared beauti- 
ful Kke two gods. 

24. Then that foremost of men, tha* 
dayer of hostile heroes, namely, the son of 
Subhadra, pierced Chitrasena with innu- 
merable short arrows and also Purumitra 
with seven shafts. 

25. And that heroic one equal to Sakra 
himself in battle, piercing Satyavrata with 
seventy shafts, seemed to dance about on 
the field catising us much pain. 

26. Chitrasena pierced him in return 
with ten shafts, Satyavrata with nine, and 
Purumitra with seven. 

27. Thus pierced the son of Arjuna 
while stin shedding btood, severed the 
beautiful and mighty bow of Chitrasena 
that was capable to holding the foe at bay. 

28. Penetrating his coat of mail, Arjuna's 
son, pierced him with a shkit on the breast. 
Thereat the heroic princes of your army 
all mighty car-warriors, 

29. Uniting together, and inflamed with 
rage, pierced Arjuna's son with numerous 
keen-pointed arrows. But the latter, con- 
versant with excellent weapons, wounded 
all of them with sharp arrows. 

30. Beholding that feat of his, your 
sons in that battle surrounded him on all 
sides, who was consuming the warriors of 
your army 

31. Like a blazing fire consuming a heap 
of fuel in the summer season. Thus smiting 
down your soldiers the son of Subdhra 
appeared highly beautiful. 

32. Beholding those feats of Abhimanyu 
the son of Subhadra, O king, your grand- 
son Lakshmana speedily faced him desirous 
of battle. 

33. Thereupon waxing wroth Abhimanyu 
that mighty car- warrior pierced Lakshmana 
of auspicious marks and his charioteer, 
with six weir sharpened arrows. 

3i« So also, O king, Lakshmana piepced 
the son of Subhadra with sharp arrows ; 

and O mighty sovereign, the feat seemed to 
be marvellous. 

35' Thereat that mighty car-warrior 
the son of the Subhadra, slaying the four 
steeds of Lakshmana, as also his chariotier, 
rushed at him covering him with sharp 

36. Then standing on his chariot of 
which the steeds were slain, Lakshmana the 
slayer of inimical heroes, excited with the 
wrath, hurled a lance aiming at the car of 
Subhadra's son. 

37. Then Abhimanyu, cut down with 
his keen-pointed arrows, that dreadful 
and irressitible lance that resembled a snake 
and that was coursing swiftly towards liim- 

38. Thereupon Goutama (Kripa) taking 
Lakshmana upon his chariot carried him 
away from the field before the very eyes of 
the troops. 

39. Then in that general and dreadful 
engagement, the fighters rushed, one 
against another, smiting one another and 
desirous of depriving one another of his 

40. The mighty bowmen of your army 
and the mighty car-warriors of the Pandava 
host, all ready to lay down their live$ io 
battle, began to slay one another. 

41. Having dishevelled hair, deprived 
of their armours, shorn of their cars, and 
with their bows severed, the Srinjaya 
fought on with their bare arms. 

42. Then the mighty-armed Bhisma 
endued with great strength, waxing wroth, 
bejjan to slay with weapons of celestials 
make, the Pandavas of high-soul, 

43. In that battle, the earth was thert 
strewn our with the corpse? and falling 
bodies of car-warriors, cavalry-soldiers, men, 
and hors'is, and of elephants deprived of 
their guides. 

Thus ends the seventy* third chabtert the 
single combats t in the Bhisma-baaha of ih% 
Bhtsma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :^ 

1. Then O king, the mighty -armed 
SatyaJd, invincible in battle, drawing in 
that battle, an excellent bow capable qi 
bearing a great strain, 

2. Discharged numerous arrovvs furnish- 
ed with wings anil resembling snakes of 



viniJent v^enom, displaying at the same 
tiine his great and wonderful lightness of 

3—4. While slaymg the enemy in that 
battle, so swiftly did he draw his bow, take 
out liis arrows (from his quiver), place ihera 
on his bow-string, discharge them at the 
ipe, and a>;ain take out other arrows and 
let them off, that he appeared to be highly 
beautiful like a mass of clouds pouring 
showers of rain. 

5. The king Duryadhana beholding 
hjm 3well like a raging fire, O Bharata, 
despatched against him a division consist- 
ing of ten thousand cars. 

6. Then Satyaki of infaUiable prowess 
endued with great strength, that mighty 
t)0w man, slew all those excellent bowmen 
with weapons of celestial make. 

7. Having accomplished that fierce feai» 
and grasping his bow, that hero encountered 
3hurisrava,s in that battle. 

8. Bhurisravas that enl»ancer of the glory 
pf the Kurus, seeing that division of his 
ilroops Mled by Yuyudhana (Satyaki) 
wating wroth rushed against Satyaki. 

9 — ri. Stretching his mighty bow that re- 
sembled that of Indra himself (rain-bow) in 
Kueyhe, O monarch, discharged tliousands of 
arrows, that looked like snakes of virulent 
poison, that were endued with the energy of 
4he thunc(erbolt itself displaying in the ac^ 
Jiis wonderfull lightness of hands. There- 
upon the followers of Satyaki unable to bear 
those shafts of fatal touch, O monarch, fled 
in all directions, abandoning, O king, in 
battle Satyaki ever invincible m fight. 

12. Seeing this, the ten highly powerful 
Bons of Yuyudhana, all mighty car- warriors 
of great fame, clad in armours of best make 
possessing various weapons and diverse 

13- Approaching in that fierce oonflkt 
that mighty bowman named Bhurisravas, who 
jbiore the device of a sacrificial stake on his 
standard, thus addressed the latter in wrath 
in that dreadful tight. 

14. *'0 kinsman of" the Kuravas, O 
mighty Qije. come give us battle ; fight with 
ixs either jointly or separately. 

JkS' ^Vanq^^inr oursdves in battk you 
may earn great glory, or crushing you in 
combat we shall attain to great gratifica* 

16. Thus spoken to, that f<»renlost: of 
xntn possessed of great strengihand haroiftm 
and proud of- -his prowess, seeing tfeem 
ready for the fight, thus- replied toihctm,. . 

~ 17. **Yoii have spoken^ wtU O heroes ; if 
indeed- this be your doiiro, 6glit wkh mc 

in a body putting forth all your endeavours. 
I will slay all of you in battle." 

18. Thus spoken to, those heroes all 
mighty bowmen and endued with great tight- 
ness of hand, poured a thick shiver qI 
arrows on that subduer of his 'enemies. 

19. That afternoon, O mighty sovereign 
a dreadful battle was fought on the field 
between Bhurisravas alone on side ami 
many united together on the other. 

20. O monarch, they then covered that 
single-handed foremost of 9ar- warriors' with 
an arrowy downpour,like rain clouds drench- 
ing a mighty cliff in tlie rainy season. 

21. But that mighty car-warrior cut 
down those numerous shafts discharged by 
them,— shafts, which resembled tl^e nr^ace 
of Death or the thunder-bolt itself in their 
noise,— even before they could reach him. 

22 — 23. Those ten warriors then com- 
pletely surrounding that mighty-armed 
hero, strove to slay him. But, O Bhar^ita, 
Somadatta's son, inflamed with wrath, cutt-* 
ing off their bows, severed their heads in 
that conflict with arrows of diverse descrip- 
tions. Thu3 slain, they fell down on the 
ground like trees crushed by the thunder- 

24. Beholding those mighty ^ns of his 
slain in baule, that hero of the Vrjshni 
race namely Satyaki, rushed against Bhuri- 
sravas, O king, thundering out of his war- 

25. Those two heroes both endued 
with great prowess, then made their cars 
collide against one another ; and in that 
conflict slaying the steeds of one another's 

26. And thus deprived of the use of their 
respective charkHs, those two mighty,power* 
ful heroes, junrtping down on the gcound, 
rushed against orie another, whirlingimigluy 
swords and bucklers. 

27. Then those two foremost of men thus 
standing prepared for the encounter, ap-^ 
peared exceedingly beautiful. Thereafter 
approaching Satyaki ^who was armed with 
a sword of best make, 

28—30. Bhimsena, O monarchy hastily 
took him up on his chariot. Your son also, 
O king, in that conflict, speedily tool? up 
Bhurisravas on his car before the very^eyes 
of all the assembled bowmen. When thus 
the battle raged, the son of Pandu (Ariuna), 
inflamed with wrath began to 'fight with that 
mighty car-warrior viz, Bhisn^a, O foremost 
of the Bharatas. When then the orb x>i the 
da)» assumed a .crimson hue, Dtiananj^^ya 
displaying great laciivity^ ' 



%i. Slew twbniy-l^e thousAnd m\f(hty 
car-waniors of the hostile host. These 
warriors, being d)iiimande<i by Ouryodhana 
to slay the $on of Pritha, 

^a, Appt69Lt\\\T\g him wet with their 
tlesttttetkMH, like insects burning on ftre. 
Theretifiort the MatsyAs and the Kekyas 
all accomplished in the science of bowman-' 

33. Surrounded the mighty car»warrior 
Arjuha kkiiig with his son. At tlirtt mortient 
the sun having ^one ddwh beloW the 

34 — 35. All the warriors were over- 
%h^lmfedWith coftfuilbn. Yhert your Sire 
DevaVratA whose st<eeds were completly 
-exhausted, O itilghty sovereign, caused the 
withdrawal of the forces. Arter that (fierce) 
ericounter Jbeteen the Kurus efnd the 

36. The tfooptsi overwhelttied as they 
were witli ^reat apprehenstbn, retilfed 
to their respective encampments. There- 
after repairing to their res^ctive cdmp^, 
O Bharata, the Pandavas along with the 
Srinjayas, as also the Kurus, duly rested 
(for the night). 

Thus ends the seventy -fpurth chapter^ 
the end of the )f/«r Ha/i fight, in the 
Bhisma*badha of the Bhisma Parva, 

(feHVSMABADHA PARVA)— a«/rf(. 

)3a^aya said :-- 

It. Then O nKynach, When the "night 
had worn away, the Kurus and the Panda* 
yas. having duly rested, again marched 
lortn for batde. 

*2. Then O Bliartita, a lofud clang-otir 
aurose there, as mighty cAr-wai-riors (>repar6d 
themselves for battle, as tuskers wtrb 
equipt for the coming conflict, 

3* As the fOot-sbYdiers donned their 
coals 6f maH, and as steeds we^e furnished 
With nrappings &c. Then O Bharata, on all 
sides was heard tremendous sound of drams 
and blare of conchs. 

4. Thei^after king Yudh?st1iira Sid- 
dressh^ Dhtistadyuthna Said ;^^ Arrange, 
O tiHghty-aMed hdro, the trotips tn the 
th^ MaMra artay that is c^culated to ex- 
tirpate the enemy." 

5. TWu* s(poken to 'by the soVi of Prtflia 
<Ytidhfetltffa>, that mighty cay-warrior 
Dhristadyumna, <> %b^^fgh, prbtliaftH^d 
that order imiohg the car-iWfrriots -(for I 
lormsng the Makartt array). I 

6. King Dnipada and the Pandava 
Dhananjaya formed its head. Sahadeva 
along with the mighty car-warriors Nakula 
constituted its two eye&* 

7. Bhimasena endued with great strength, 
O king, formed its beak. The son of Su** 
bhadra, the sK>ns of Drupadi, the Rakshasa 

8. Satyaki and the Ve^y virtuous king 
YudhistBira were stationed on the neck 
of that array. Virata, the leadet of a 
division, O monarch, formed its back. 

9. The five Kekaya brothers, united with 
Dhristadyumna and Supported by a mighty 
division, stationed themselves on its left 

10. Dhristaketu the foremost of men 
and Chekitana endued with prowess, sta« 
tioning themselves on the right wing, pre* 
pared themselves for the defence of array. 

11. O might monaic^, « the feet of 
Of that array were stationed the eyer-pro- 
peroufi and mighty car-warriors namely the 
kuntivoja, and Satan ika supported by a 
large division. 

12. The fierce bowman Sikhandin, of 
great prowess being surrounded by the 
Domakas, together with lr«ivan, was stk^ 
tioned in the tail of that arrray* 

13. Thus O fiharati, disposing their 
troops in this array, the P^davas, O 
mighty monarch, donning their mails and 
desirous of battle, at sunrise, 

14. Rus/hed agaihst the Kourav^ witW 
impetuosity, supported by their lelephant- 
warriors, car-warriors, cavalry and infantry 
as also with their standard, and umbrellas, 
and effulgent and shining weapons up- 

15* Beholding the troops of the Panda* 
vas thus disposed of, your sire Oevavrata 
O king, arranged his trooqs in a counter- 
array figuring a hufgfe crane. 

f6. In its beak was placed that mighty 
bowman the son of Bharadwaja; and O 
ruler of men, Aswathaman and Kripa 
foriVied its two eyes. 

17. Kritavarman the foremost of all 
bowman together witih the king c^ the 
Kamvojas and with the Valhikas, was, 
O foremast ^of meti, placed in the head 
of that ai*ray. 

18. Suraseha'ahdyoiir son Dur)'adhana9 
O Bharata, surrouncied by numerous kings, 
was statk>ntd ki its neck» O aMghty sove- 
rdgn. , 

tg. The ruWr 6f the Pragjytvtfeas, uhfte^ 

ITfih the ^tfdras, the Srmviras and the 

Kekayas, and supported by a large 'dtvisitm, 



was, O foremost of men, placed in its 

30. Susarman, the ruler of Prasthala, 

clad in mail, and supported by his own 

division, stationing himself in its left wing, 
stood ready for battle. 

21. The Tasaras, the Yavanas, the 
Sakas, together with the Chulikas, placing 
themselves in the right wing of that array 
prepared for battle, O Bhaiata. 

22. Srutayush and Satayush and the som 
of Somadatta, O Sire, supporting one an- 
other, stood in the rear of that array. 

23. Then the Pandavas rushed to batte 
with the Kurus. At sun rise, O mighty 
monarch, the engagement commenced. 

24. Elephants ruslied against car- 
warriors and car- warriors proceeded against 
elephants. Horse-soldiers rushed against 
horse-soldiers, and car- warriors also ad- 
vanced towards horsc-soldiei?. 

25. Horse-soldiers, O king, also rushed 
against horses and elephants in that dread- 
ful fight ; as also, O king, elephant-riders 
proceeded against elephant^ riders and 

26. Car-warriors encountered foot- 
soldiers, and cavalry-soldiers also engaged^ 
with the infantry. Thus, O king, excited 
with wrath, they rushed against one another 
in that battle. 

27. The army of the Pandavas, defended 
by Bhimasena, Arjuna, and the twins 
hfakula and Sahadeva, as also by other 
ipighty car-warriors, appeared beautiful 
like the sky bespangled with stars in a dark 

28. So also, your troops,* O king, with 
Bhisma, Drona, Kripa, Salya, Duryo- 
dhana and others-, appeared beautiful like 
the firmament covered with the planets. 

29. Bhimasena the son of Kunti, endued 
with great prowess, beholding Drona, rushed 
against the division of Biiaradwja's son, 
being borne by fleetest steeds. 

30. The highly powerful Drona, waxing 
wroth, in that battle, O monarch, pierced 
Bhisma with nine shafts made of iron, 
directiug them towards his vital parts. 

31* Thus wounded sore in that battle 
by the son of Bharadwaja, Bhima dispatched 
the latter's charioteer to the regions of the 
of Death. 

' 3a. Then that son of Bharadwaja 
•ndued with prowess, himself holding tne 
reins of his steeds, began to consume the 
Pandava host like fire consuming a heap 
of cotton. 

33- Thu^ slaught^ed by Bhisma am^ 
Drona, O foremost men, the Srinjayas wmk 
the Kekayas took to their heels. 

34. So also your soldiers, mangled bf 
Bhima and Arjuna, were deprived of their 
senses even where they stood, like an excel- 
lent damsel fainting away in consequence of 
wounded pride. 

35. In that battle, in which many 
excellent heroes lost their lives, the array 
of your soldiers as well as that of the 
Pandavas was shattered and broken ; and 
O Bharata, great distress overwheliaed 
the two armies. 

36. Then, O Bharata, we beheld a 
delightful sight, when your warriors foi^iit 
with the enemy, both inspired with a single- 
ness of purpose. 

37. In that battle, O lord of men, the 
Pandavas and the Kouravas, fought witli 
one another hurling weapons at one another. 

Thus ends the ssventv'fifth chapter^ tkt 
commencement of the sixth day's fight, in 
the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma Farva^ 


Dhritarastra said :— 

1. Our army is endued with many excel- 
lent attributes and composed^ of various 
kinds of troops, and its efficiency is g^reat. O 
Sanjaya it is disposed of in perfect aoc»r* 
dance to the rules of the mihtary science ; 
so it should to be ever crowned with success* 

2. The warriors theHsin are very nrach 
devoted to our interests, and are ever 
attached to us. They are disciplined and 
free from the vices of lust and anger. Their 
prowess has been tested before. 

3. They are neither very old nor 
very young ; they are neither lean nor very 
corpulent. They are of active habits, well- 
built, strong-bodied, and free from any 


4. They are clad in coats of mail and 
wcil-furnished with offensive weapons ; Cbey 
are accomhlished in the use of all idods of 
weapons, and are masters in fighting with 
swordsi with maces and even with bare 

5. Thqy are well -practised in the use ol 
lances, sabres, darts, iron bludgeons, shoif 
shafts, javelins and mallets. ^ 

6. They are well-disciplined in the excer 
cise of all kinds of weapons, and are. ex* 



perts in mounting on and descending from 
vehicles, in moving forward and in falling 

7. In striictngdown effectually, in niarch- 
ing forward, and in retreating back ; they 
have been examined in the management of 
steeds, elephants, and chariots. 

8. Being duly tested, they liave been 
employed on pay and not for the sake of 

9. Nor for the sake of friendship, nor 
for connections through marriage and birth. 
They are all honourable and prosperous ; 
and all their relatives have been honoured 
and well-treated by ourselves. 

10 — 12. We have done many good services 
to them ; they are also all illustrious men, 
possesssd of great intelligence. They are 
again defended, O son, by many best of 
men endued with great lightness, of great 
achievements, of world-wide renown and 
resembling the Protectors of the worlds 
themselves ; they are protected by numerous 
Kshatriyas esteemed througliout the earth, 
who have, out of their own accord, ta'cen 
our side with their followers and forces. 
Truly our army is like the vast ocean 
dwelling with the waters of various streams 
flowing into it from all sides. 

13. Our army teems with chariots, which 
though destitute of wings are capable of 
moving like the winged rangers of the sky ; 
it abounds also in elephants. Myriads of 
fierce warriors constitute the waters of that 
ocean and the various vehicles constitute 
its numerous waves. 

14. Innumerable maces, darts, arrows 
and lances form the oars plied on it. It 
abounds in standards and ornaments, 
and is full of cloths of gold embossed 
with gems. 

15. The running vehicles constitute the 
wind that lashes that ocean into fury. It 
ceally resembles the extensive and shore- 
less sea roaring (in fury). 

16. That army of ours is again protected 
by Drona and Bhisma ; so also it is defend- 
ed by Kritavarman, Kripa and Dussasana, 
and by others headed by Jayadratha, 

17. By Bhagadatta and Vikarna, by the 
son of Drona, by Souvala and by the ruler 
of the Valhikas. Thus protected by many 
foremost of men, all endued with strength 
and possessed of generous souls, 

18-19. I^ that army be still slaughtered in 
battle, it is indeed due to predestined Fate. 
Neither man, nor illustrious and ancient 
sages, O Sanjaya, ever saw on earth such 
exteosive preparations for battle. That 
such a large army well -supplied with the 
implements and sinews of war, 


20. Should be slain in battle, alas, what 
can it be due to but Destiny ? All this 
appears to be unnatural, O Sanjaya. 

21. Vidura had often advised what 
would have been beneficial and profitable ; 
but my wicked son Duryodhana would not 
accept his counsel* 

22. I think the prophetic and high-* 
souled Vidura had foreseen all that is 
happening at present ; and hence his thought 
was so. 

23. Or it may be, O Sanjaya, that all 
this had been predestined by the Creator ; 
and what is pre- ordained by Him must 
happen as ordained and can not be other- 

Thus ends the seventy -sixth chapter, the 
thoughts of Dhritarastra, in the Bhisma* 
badh a of the Bh ism a Pa rva , 


Sanjaya said ;-* 

I — 2. Through your own wickedness, 
O monarch, have you been overwhelmecl 
with this calamity. Those faults, O fore-» 
most of the Bharatas, in that sinful conduct 
towards the Pandavas, of which you were 
cognisant, O king, were not descried by 
Duryodhana. It was through your fault, 
O ruler of men, that the game at dice was 
played in days past ; 

3. And it is through your fault alsa 
that this battle with the Pandavas Iuls 
been brought about. Do you now reap 
the fruit of that sin which you liave already 

4. One reaps the fruits of actions done 
by himself; so, O monarch, do you reap 
here and hereinafter^ the fruits of your own 

5. O monarch, though overwhefmed 
wiUi this calamity, be still patient, and 
listen to the account of the battle as it 
happened, as I, O sire, go on recounting it. 

6. Having shattered the ranks of your 
mighty army with his \yell- sharpened shafts 
Bhimasena, endued whh heroism, encoun- 
tered all the younger brothers of Duryo- 

7. Duryodhana, Durvisaha, Dussaha, 
Dunn/>da, Jaya, Jayasena, Vikarna, Chi- 
trasena, Sudarsana, 

8 — 9. Charuchitra, Sovarman, Duskar- 
ma, and Kama — beholding thtse and many 

L.. ^ 



other mighty car-warriors of the Dharta- 
rastras near enough to himself, all excited 
with wrath, Bhirrtasena. endued with great 
strength, m that battle penietrated into the 
gnks of your mighty army protected by 
Bhisma himself. ^ 

to. Then seeing him standing amongst 
them, all those kings said :— 'Let us torture 
this one till he is deprived of his life/ 

ir. Then that son of Pritha (Bhima), 
encompassed by those brothers of his, all 
resolved (to slay him), appeared like the sun 
surrounded by the unpropiiious planets at 
the time of the world's annihilation. 

12. Though then the son of Pandu (Bhima) 
was in the very heart of the Kauravanrray, 
teafr did not overwhehn him as it did not 
overwhelm Indra in the midst of th^ Danava 
host during the fight, in days of old, between 
the Asuras and the celestials. 

13. Then hundreds and thousands of 
car-warriors furnished with all kinds of 
weapons, all ready for the battle, assailed 
his single self with dreadful arrows. 

14. Thereat the fieroic Bhima, unmindful 
of the sons of Dhrita'raslra, sleW in that 
battle many foremost (hostile) warriors, in- 
cluding elephant-riders; cavalry-soldiers, 
car- warriors and others. 


15. And knowing the intention of those 
cousins of his who were all resolved to slay 
him, Bhimasena, possessed of great 
strength determined, O king*, to slay them 

16. Therd^rter, leaving aiide his car and 
grispinr^ hri mace, that son of Pandli 
(Bhima) began to smite doWrt that ocean- 
likfc h6st belonging to the sons 6i Dlirita- 

17. ^Vhen BhfmasenA had thus brdken 
rtte Kaurava host, Dhristadytimna the 
son of Prisata, abandoning Droni hied 
thei'e where Suvala's son was. 

18. That foremost of nien, checking the 
m?ghty arniy of yoiirr soVis, approached, in 
that battle, the car of Bhima left empty bv 
himiclf. ^^ ^ 

19. SeeiWg, in that confTict, Visoka the 
charioteer of Bhimasena, Dhristadyumna, 
O mighty nionarch, became depi-essed in 
mind and was derived of his sensed. 

- . 20, Overw(ie^ped wit|i grief, his voice 
i;hoked up with t^ars and breathing heavily, 
he questioned Visoka saying :-— "Where is 
Bhimasena, dearer to me than my own 
life ?" 

21. Thereupon, folding his palm, Visoka 

ihus replied to Dhristadyumna saving : 

"Leaving me here, the mighty ^ofi of Pandu 
(Bhima), possessed of great strength. 

22. Has, alone and unsupported, enfered 
into the ocean -like host of the sons of Dhri- 
tarastra. He said to me, O foremost of 
men, these cheerful words. 

23. 'Wait for me, O charioteer, restrain- 
ing the steeds for a moment only, until I slay 
these that are resolved to destroy me.' 

24. Beholding then the highly powerful 
Bhima running mace in hand, all the car- 
warriors were transported with joy, 

25. And when that awful and general 
engagement raged, O monarch, your friend, 
breaking through the hostile ranki, pene- 
trated into it." 

26. I^istening to these words of ViSoka, 
Dhristadyumna ilie son of PrisatA, possess- 
of great strength, replied to the clfarioteer 
on the field of battle saying: — 

27. Mf to-day, discarding my aflfection 
for the Pandavas, 1 am to abandon Bhima- 
sena in the flight, what need have I then of 
my very life?' 

28. What will the Kshastriyas say of mt 
if I return without Bhima, (from the field of 
battle)? What will they say of me when they 
will hear that Bhima alone entered into 
the hostile rai>ks though 1 was there to 
help him in the conflict? 

29. The ^Ods headed by Sakra himself 
visit him with evil, who abandoning his 
supporters in battle, returns home unscathed. 

30. Moreover that highly powerful Bhima 
is my friend artd relative. He is devoted to 
to me, and I cherish a great cfevotron for that 
slayer of foes. 

31. I shaW therefore penetrate there 
wliere Vrikodara has already gone. See 
me slay the foes like Vasava slaying the 

32. Having thus spoken, that hero, O 
Bharata, advanced throiigli the centre of the 
hostile ranks following the track (Opened 
and) marked by Bhima with the eleph^nt5» 
crushed by his mace. 

33. Then he (Dhristadyumna) beheld 
Bhima consuming the troops of the enemy 
and crushing, in the conflict, many kings, 
like so many trees. 

34. The car-warriors, the ca valry-soldiers, 
the fool-soldiers and the tuskers, being thus 
slaughtered in the fig1>t, began to utter loud 
distressful cries. 

35- Cries of 'Oh' and 'Alas'. O sire, arose 
from the ranks of your soldiers, as they were 
slaughtered by the accomplished Bhima 
vc-sed in diverse modes of warfare. 

36. Thereafter they (the Kaurava com- 
batants) exercised in all sorts of vv^ptons, 
surrounding Vrikodara, began fearlessly to 


J 33 

pour a shower of weapons on him from all 

37. Then that highly powerful son of 
PrisaU, beheld that Joremost of all wielders 
of weapons, that hero of world-wid€ fame, 
that son of Panda, vii., Bhimasena, charged 
on all sides by the serried and mighty ranks 
of the enemy ; 

38. And approaching Bhimasena, the 
son of Prisata comforted him whose body 
was mangled with shaft-cuts, who was 
treading on foot and vomitting the poison 
of his anger and who .was wielding his 
mace like the Destroyer himself at tl»e time 
of the universal annihilation. 

39. That high-souled hero (Dhrista- 
dyumna) quickly plucked off the arrows 
from Bhinria's body, and took him up on his 
car ; and embracing the latter warmly, the 
former comforted him even in the very 
midst of the enemy. 

40. Thereat, in that conflict, your son, 
approaching his brothers, quickly said to 
them. **This wickcd-souled son of Orupada 
has now joined Bhimasena. 

41. We shall proceed against him in 
close array in order to siay him, even before 
he, our enemy, challenges us to fight.*' 
Hearing these words, the sons of Dhrita- 
fastra, urged on by the command of their 
elder brother and unable to put up with the 

42. With uplifted weapons fell to slaugh- 
ter l\im (DhristadyumuaJ, like so many 
.dreadful comets tailing aown at the hour 
of destruction at the end of a Yuga, Grasp- 
ing beautiful bows and shaking the earth 
with the twang of their bows and the rattle 
of their car-wheels, those heroes, 

43. Showered arrows on the snn of 
Drupada, like the clouds showering rain on 

.mountain breasts. But the latter, accom- 
plished in various modes of warfare, though 
thus wounded with keen-pointed shafts did 
not flinch. 

44 — ^45. On the other hand, O king, 
liighly mflamed with rage against your sons, 
like Indra against the Asuras, that mighty 
caT'^wacrior, the youthful son of Drupada, 
Jbeholding your heroic sons stay before him 
in )9fitlle and exert their best for slaying 
him, placed on his bow-string the fierce 
,dart called Pramohanaf with a view to slay 
them all. Then those heroic warriors, hav- 
ing their senses and mind confounded by 
bemg struck with the Paramohana weapon 
lost all consciousness. 

.46. Seeing those sons of yours overwhelm- 
ed with a swoon and deprived of their 
senses, like those whose hour has come, the 

Kaurava troops fled in all directions, with 
their steeds, elephants and chariots. 

47. Meanwhile, Drona, that foremost of 
all wielders of weapons, encountering Dru- 
pada, pierced him with three fierce arrows. 

48. Thus, O king, wounded sore by 
Drona, that ruler of men, Drupada, fled 
from the field of battle, remembering his 
former enmity (with Bharadwaja's son). 

49. Thereupon, the highly powerful Dro- 
na, having vanquished Drupada. sounded 
his conch. Hearing the blare of his touch, 
all the Somakas were struck with terror. 

50. Then Drona, endued with great 
energy, that foremost of wielders of weapons, 
heard that your sons had been deprived of 
their senses in battle through the mfldence 
of the Pramohana weapon. 

51. Thereupon, desirous of rescuing the 
princes, Drona hastily left that part of the 
held where he was (and went where your 
sons were) ; there, that mighty bowman 
possessed of ^reat prowess, namely ttie son aI 
Bharadwaja, Deheld 

52. Dhristadyumna and Bhima careef 
through that dreadful field ; and that mighty 
car-warrior likewise beheld your sons pver« 
whelmed with a swoon. 

53. Thereupon, he fixed on his bow- 
string the weapon known as Prajnana 
(capable of imparting consciousness) and 
therewith cut oft the Pramohana weapon. 
Then your sons, those mighty car-warnors, 
regained their senses. 

54. Thereupon, desirous of battle, they 
again encountered Bhima and the son df 
Prisata in battle. Then king Vudiiisthira 
summoning his troops addressed them 
saying : — 

55. "Let twelve heroic car- warriors head- 
ed by Subhadra's son, protected with coats 
of mail.proceed following, to the best of their 
abilities, the track of Bhima and the son o f 
PrL Ata. 

56 — 58. Let intelligence be brought (of 
those two heroes). My mind is not unmis- 
giving." Thus commanded, the five Kekava 
princes, the sons of Draupadi, and the 
highly powerful Dhristaketu, all powerful 
warriors, endued wkh heroism and proud 
of their manliness, saying *yea* (to the 
words of , Yudhisthira) marched forward 
when the sun had reached the meridian, 
placing Abhimanyu at their head and being 
supported by a mighty division of troops. 

59. Those grinders of foes forming their 
troops in the array known as SnchtmHkha, 
penetrated, in that battle, into that car-divi- 
sion of the sons of Dhritara:>tra. 



60 — 61. Your troops, O ruler of men, 
struck with the fear of Bhimasena and de- 
prived of their senses by Dhristadyurana, 
were not able to bear the charge of those 
fierce bowmen headed by Abhimanyu as 
the rushed, like a lady in the streets de- 
prived of her consciousness by a swoon. 

- 62. Desirous of rescuinf? Dhristadyumna 
and Vrikodara, those fierce bowmen ownings 
standards decked with glod, approached the 
former breaking through the hostile ranks. 

. 63. Those two heroes via Vrikodara and 
phristadyumna himself, became filled with 
delight, and fell (with increased ardour) to 
slaughter your troops. 

64. Then the prince of the Panchalas, 
the heroic of son of Prisata, beholding his 
own preceptor suddenly make toward* him- 
self, disisted from compassing the death of 
your sons. 

65. Then placing Vrikodara on tlie car 
of the Kekaya king he, inflamed with rage, 
rushed against Drona who was accomplished 
in the use of arrows and all other kinds of 

66. Then the highly- powerful son of 
Bharadwaja, that grinder of foes, excited 
with wrath severed, with a broad-head 
shaft, the bow of Dhristadyumna as the 
latter rushed against him with impetuousity. 

- 67. Bearing In mind the broad he had 
eaten of his master king Dur^odhana and 
desirous of encompassing his good, he 
(Drona) directed hundreds of other various 
shafts towards the son of Prisata. 

68, Thereafter, f^rasping another bow, 
that slayer of hostile heroes, namely the 
JBon of rrisata, pierced Drona with seventy 
shafts all furnished with golden wings and 
whetted on stone. 

69 — 70. Then again Drona, that grinder 
of foes, cut down Dhristadyumna's bow ; 
and his four steeds he despatched to the 
dreadful abode of Death with four excellent 
arrows ; and, O Bharata, Drona also des* 
patched to Death Dhristadyumna's chariot* 
^r with a broad*headed shaft, 

71, Thereupon that mighty car-warrior, 
Dhristadyumna, possessed of long arms, 
speedily jumping aown from his chariot of 
which the steeds were slain, mounted on the 
excellent car of Abhimanyu. 

72, Then the Pandava host, consisting of 
chariots, elephants and steeds, began to 
quake with the fear (of Drona), even before 
the very eyes of Bhimasena and the intelli* 
gent son of Prisata. 

73, Beholding their array thus shattered 
by Prona of immeasurable prowess, all 
those mighty car-warriors were not able to 
check the formcrt 

74. Thai army, ihen thus slaughtered 
by Drona wiih his keen-pointed arrows, 
began to whirl about, like the agitated sea, 
on the field of battle. 

75. Beholding the (hostile troops in 
that plight, your warriors were filled with 
delight ; and also beholding the aged 
preceptor consume the hostile array on all 
sides, O Bharata, the warriors sent up loud 
exclamations of "well-done" "well-done." 

Thus ends the seventy 'Seventh chapter 
the prowess of Drona ^ in the Bhisma^badha 
of the Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. Thereafter king Duryodhana, having 
regained his senses, once more opposed the 
in vincible Bhima with a shower of arrows. 

2. Once more uniting together, your 
sons, all mighty car-warriors, encountering 
Bhima in battle, began to fight with him in 
all earnestness. 

3. The mighty-armed Bhimasena also 
approaching his chariot mounted on it, 
and proceeded to that part of the field where 
your sons were. 

4. Taking up a woundefully tough bow, 
endued with great energy, capable of ne- 
priving the enemy of his life, and diversely 
varigated, he (Bhima) began to pierce your 
sons with innumerable shafts in that oattle. 

5. Then king Duryodhana sortly wound- 
ed the mighty Bhima in his very vital parts 
with a Naracha of exceeding sharpness. 

6. Thus deeply pierced by your son, that 
fierce bow-man, with eyes red in rage and 
out of fury drawing his bow-string fiercely, 

7. Pierced Duryodhana on this two 
arms and breast, with three arrows ; but 
O king, thus struck the latter wavered 
not, like a monarch of mountains. 

8. Beholding those two enraged heroes 
Strike one another in battle, the younger 
brothers of Duryodhana, all of whom were 
ready to lay down lives their in battle, 

9. Bearing in mind their pre-concerted 

Clan of afflicting Bhima of fierce deeds, 
egan with an earnest determination, to 
striice him (from all sides). 

10. Then the highly powerful Bhima 
beholding them make towards himself in 
battle, O momarch, rushed against them 
like an elephant encountering hib compeers. 



tt. Then excited to fury, that hero 
endued with p^reat fame and energy, afflict* 
ed your son Chitrasena, O monarch, with 
a long shaft. 

12. Then in that confiict, O king, the 
discendant of the Bharata race smote your 
other SOBS with diverse kinds of arrows 
furnished with golden wings and charged 
with great impetus. 

13. Then those twelve mighty car- 
warriors including Abhimanyu a^nd others, 
arranging their troops in proper order, 

14. And being despatched by the very 
virtuous king Yudhisthira to follow behind 
Bhima, encountered, O mighty monarch, 
your princely sons, all excellent car- 

15. Bdiolding those warriors on thei** 
chariots resemble the sun or the fire 
usdf in effulgence, beholding all those 
fierce bow- men of burning effulgence and 
exceeding beauty, 

16. Shine resplendent in that conflict 
being decorated with diadems of geld — you^ 
sons all endued withi^reat strength aban* 
doned fighting with Bhima. But the son 
of Kunti was unable to brook the sight of 
their leaving the combat alive. 

Thiu ends the seventy 'eight h chapter, 
the. prowess 0/ Bhima, in the ohisma^badha 
of the Bhisma Parva, 


(BHISMA-BADHA ^ KRV \)—Contd. 

8ai](jaya said :— 

I. Then Abhimanyu accompanied by 
Bhimasena, once more running iifter them, 
afflicted your sons in battle. 

2—3. Thereupon the mighty car- war- 
riors of your'army including Duryodhana 
and others, seeing Abhimanyu and Bhima- 
sena joined with the son of Prisata in the 
midst of their own troops. 'grasped their 
bows and carried along by fleet steeds,rush- 
ed to the place where those heroes were 
stationed. Then, in that afternoon O 
monarch, there ensued a terrible fight, 

4. Between the mighty warriors of your 
army and those of the enemy, O Bharata. 
Then Abhimanyu, slaying the steeds of 
Vikama in that terrible conflict, 

5r Pierced the latter with twenty- five 
short shafts ; then that mighty car-warrior 
Vikarna, leaving his chark)t of which the 
&tccds were slain. 

6. Ascended, O king, the resplendent car 
of Chitrasena ; them thus seated on the 
same chariot, namely those two brotliers,the 
perpatuator of Kuru's race, 

7 — 9. The son of Arjuna, O Bharata, 
covered with a shower of arrows. Then 
Durjaya and Vikarna pierced the nephew 
ofKrishna with five shafts made entirely of 
iron. But the nephew of Krishna moved 
not in the least, and remained firm like the 
immovable Mcru. In that conflict, sire, 
Dussasana fought with the Ave Kekaya 
brothers ; O mighty monarch, the battle 
that raged between then) was indeed very 
wonderful. The sons of Droupadi, excite^ 
with rage, jn that battle, checked Duryo- "* 

10 — 11. Your son>' and O monarch,every 
one them pierced him with three shafts 
each. Your invincible son, O monarch, 
in that conflict, pierced the sons of Droupadi 
separately with arrows of exceeding sharp- 
ness. Pierced with their arrows in return and 
bespattered with blood, he (Duryodhana) 
appeared highly beautiful, 

12—14. Like a mountain washed with 
spring- watter mixed with red • chalk. The 
highly powerful Bhisma also, O king, in 
that battle began to afflict the Paadava 
host like a herdsman belabouring his herd 
(with his cudgel). Thereupon, O ruler of 
men, the twang of Partha's Gandiya was 
heard, when he was engaged in slaughtering 
the right wing of your army. In that battle, 
headless trunks stood up by thousands, 

15-16. In the host of the Kurus as well as 
in that of the Pandavas. O Bharata that 
ocean of troops of which blood formed the 
waters, the arrows the eddies, the elephants 
the islands, and the steeds the fishes, ^hat 
ocean was crossed by those foremost of men 
on their chariots that served the purpose Of 
boats. Many foremost warriors, with arm's 
severed, armours shattered, and bodim 

17. Were seen lying prostrate there, by 
hundreds and by thonsands. With the car- 
casses of infuriate elephants slain and bes- 
pattered with blood, 

18. The field of battle, O foremost of the 
Bharatas, appeared beautiful as if strewn 
with hillocks. The wonderful sight that we 
beheld, O Bharata, wasj that among your 
as well as their army, 

19. There was no man who was not in- 
flamed with a desire for battle. Thus did 
those heroic warriors of your army fight on 
with those of the Pandavas, desiring great 
renown and ardently longing for securing 
victory in battle. 



Thus ends $he stvsniy-^ninth chapter, 
the fierce fi^t, in the Bhisma-badhd of the 
Bkismet P^irvtk, 



Saqjaya said :— 

1. Then when the sun assumed a crim 
son hue, kin|^ Duryodhana, ardently longing 
for battle, rushed towards Bhima, out of a 
desire for slaying him. 

2. Beholding that best of human heroes, 
that most implacable enemy of his; make 
-jtowards himself Bhimasena^ excited to the 
Isjghest pitoh of wrath, said these words :-^ 

3. 'The hour has come that I have been 
'looking forward to so anxiously for all these 
years. To-day I will slay you, if indeed you 
^ou do not abandon fighting. 

4. Slaving you, I will this day soothe the 
sorrows of Kunti, and also those of Drou- 
(padi ;:to-day will I avenge thie woes that 
we did suffer during our exile in the woods. 

3. O son of Gandhari, inflated with pride 
|in days past, you disregarded the sons of 
Panidki. Reap now the dire fruit of that 
act of yours. 

6. Acting upon die counsel of Kama 
and of the son of Suvala, and thoroughly 
desrogarding the Pajidavas, you formerly 
treated the latter as it had pleased you. 

7. You also despised the descendant of 
the Dasarhas (Krishna) when he begged 
you (for peace). Filled with joy, you sent 
Uluka to us with your messages. 

5. For all these act of yours, I will, this 
iday« slay you with all your relations, and 
will avenge all those wrongs you did former- 
\y inflict on us." 

9. Having spoken these words, and bend- 
ing and repeatedly stretching his bow and 
taicine up terrible arrows that resembled the 
thunder- boh itself in effulgence, Bhima, 

10. Excited with rage, quickly shot at 
Suyodhana thirty-six arrows resembling the 
flames of a blading fire, looking like the 
(thusderbolt and coursing straight through 
'the air» 

n. Thereafter he struck Duryodhana's 
bow with two arrows, his charioteer with 
^ttotber^t^Oj^and with four others, he des- 
ipatched the latter's fleet steeds to the abode 
of Peaith. 

I a. Then that grinder of foes, with two 
'Other arrows drawn a long way back at the 
time of being discharged, cut down, in that 

conflict, the umbrella of the king from his 
excellent car. 

13. With three more arrows lie cut down 
the excellent standard that was indeed blaz- 
ing. Having severed it, he uttered a loud 
roar even beu}re the very eyes of your son. 

14 And that beautiful standard, decked 
with diverse kinds of gems, suddenly felj 
down on the ground from the chariot, like 
lighting from the clouds shooting down on 
the earth. 

15. And all the rulers of men then be- 
held that btazmg and propitious standard 
of the Kuru king, effulgent like the sun, 
bearing the device of an elephant and em« 
bossed with gems, fall down , (served by 

16. Then the mighty car- warrior Bhima, 
as if smiline, struck Duryodhana with ten 
shafts, in tnat battle, like an elephant -rider 
piercing the huge animal with the hook. 

i7» Thereupon the king of the Sindhus, 
that foremost of car-warriors, that highly 
powerful one, stationed himself on the flank 
of Duryodhana, being supported by many 
excellent warriors. 

18. Then that foremost of car- warrior, 
namely Kripa took upon his own car, O 
king, the vindictive Duryodhana, that 
descendant of the Kuru race, endued with 
immeasurable energy. 

IQ. Then in that conflict, king Duryo- 
dhana, pierced deep and afflicted sore by 
Bhimasena, squatted down on the terrace of 
his car. 

20. Thereafter king Jayadratha, desirous 
of slaying Bhima, surrounded him on 
all sides with thousands of chariots, and 
warriors, and thus intercepted him. 

21. Thereupon, O king, Dhristaketu» 
and Abbimanyu endued with prow)ess, ^he 
Kekayas, and the sons of Diaupadi^ 
engaged with your so.ns. 

22. The high-souled Abhimanyu quickly 
struck tliem all piercing each with five 

23. — 24. Resembling the thnnder^bok 
itself or the mace of Death, shot from his 
beautiful bow. Thereupon all of them, 
unable fo bear it, showered an arrowy down 
pour on that excellent car- warrior namely 
oubhadra's son, IHce clouds showering raio 
on the Meru mountain. Thus afflicted in the 
battle, that hero, accomplished in the use of 
weapons, and invincible in fight, 

25. Namely, Abhimanayu, O king, made 
your warriors tremble, like the wi^lder of 
the thuder«bolt making the Asuras tremble 
in tbe war between them and tlie 



26. Thereafter, O Bharata, that foremost 
of car- warrior, hurled at Vikarna fourteen 
mortal broad-headed shafts that looked like 
snakes of most virulent venom. 

27. Possessed of great prowess, and as if 
dancin|r in battle, with those shafts he 
cut down the standard of Vikarna from this 
car and also slew his charioteer and steeds. 

28. A^ain that mighty car-warrior via 
thft son of Subhadra shot at Vikarna other 
arrows, well -tempered, keen -pointed and 
straigh t-coursi ng. 

29. Those arrows decked with the fea- 
thers of the Kanka bh-d, coming npon 
Vikarna and passing through his body 
stuck on the ground like so mahy hissing 

30. Those arrows, with wings ind points 
decorated with gold, and bathed in the 
blood of Vikarna, and stuck on the earth, 
appeared to the vomit- blood. 

31. Beholding Vikarna thus penetrated 
through and through, his other uterine 
brothers, rushed in that conffict against 
those warriors who were headed by the son 
of Subhkdra. 

32. When those warriors formidable in 
battle riding on their own chariots quickly 
came upon the combatants of the Pandavas 
army seated on their cars tike so many 
efTulrent suns, they began to pierce one 
another in that battle. 

33. Then Durmukha piercing Sruta- 
karman with fivft swift -coursing arrows cut 
down the latter's standard with a single 
arrow, and pierced his charioteer also with 
seven others. 

3:4. Advahcing closer, with Six arrows 
he piereed Srutakarman's steeds caparisoned 
wkh a liet-work of gold and fleet as the 
wind itself ; he also felled the latters cha- 

35. Thereupou standing on that chariot 
of his of which the steeds were slain 1 that 
mighty car-warrior Srutakarman, excited 
to the highest pitch of fury, hurled a great 
dart blazing like a fierce meteor. 

36. That very resplendent dart charged 
with great energy, penetrating through the 
massive armour of the renowned Durmukha, 
and shattering it, stiick itself on the ground. 

37. Thereupon Sutosoma, possessed of 
0reat (Prowess, beholdmg SrUtakarman de- 
deprived of his chariot, took liim up on his 
car even before the very eyes of the as- 
sembled host. 

38. Thereafter, O monarch, Srutakirti 
possessed of heroism, rusherl, in that battle, 
against yonr illiif;trious son Jayatsena, out of 
a desire for slaying him. 

39—40. Then in that conflict* O fndharch, 
yonr son Jayatsena, . with a sharp» edged 
Kshurapra (horse-shoe-headed shaft), as 
if smiling, cut off the bow of that high- 
souled warrior, namely Srutakirti, O 
Bharata, as the latter came repeatedly 
stretching it. Thereupon Satanika seeing his 
uterine brother deprived of his bow, 

41. Endued as he was with great energy,- 
quickly rushed to the spot, every moment 
uttering rors resembling thoSfe of a fidn* 
Then in that conflict stretching Hs boW 
with a strong hand, Satanika, 

42. With g^reatli.»htness of hands, pierced 
Jayatsena with ten sliarp a i rows and Iheii 
uttered a loud roar like thai of an elephant 
in rut. 

43. Then again with another shArp ari-ow, 
capable of penetrating through all kinds or 
mail, Satamka deeply pierced JayaltsenA bn 
the breast. 

44. At this crisis, Duskama, who was 
near his brother, overwhelmed with wrath 
cut off the bow and arruwa of the Son ot 
Nakula (Satanika) 

45. Thereat, grasping another bow of 
excellent make and capable of beiarihgj 
great Strain, the highly powerful Satakina' 
fixed on the bow-string shafts of exctedl?ig 

46. iThen he (Satanika) chalTenged 
Duskama, before his brothers,saJ^ing *\^^it* 
"Wait," and then he discharged at hi/n those 
keen -pointed arrows that resembled so 
many blazing snakes. 

47. Then the former cut off the tatter's, 
bow with a single shaft ; and pierced his 
charioteer with two shafts; ahd^ O sire,, 
in that conflict the former also quickly pierc« 
ed the latter with feathered shalts. 

48. Thereafter that sinless warripr, 
with twelve shafts of great sharpness, pierc; 
ed all the steeds of Duskarna, — steeds that 
were fleet as the mind and decked with 
gold trappings. 

49. Then highlv excited with rage, he 
in that conAict, deeply'pierced Duskama 
on the chest, with another broad -headed 
arrow well-directed and swift-cotirsing. 

50. There at the tatter fell down on the 
ground like a tree smitten by the thunder- 
bolt. Beholding Duskama slain, the five 
mighty car-warriors, O king, 

51. En torn passed Sat^Cnikk oti all s!d^« 
out of a desire for slaying him ; and th^ 
began to strike the illustrious Satanika with 
a showers of arrows. 

52. Thereupon the five Kekaya princes 
excited with rage, rushed (to the rescue of 



Satanika). Beholding them advance, your 
sons all mighty car* warriors, 

53. O mighty monarch, encountered 
them like so many elephants encountering 
their huge compeers. Durmukha, Durjaya, 
the youthful Durmarsana, 

54. Satrunjaya and Satrusata, — all 
these illustrious warriors, proceeded, O king, 
hi a body against the KeKaya brothers. 

55. Riding on their chariots resembl- 
ing (fortified) cities, to which were harness- 
ed steed decked with precious caparisions 
and which were decorated wonderful strea- 
mers of variegated hue. 

56. Those heroes, wielding excellent 
bows, owning finest armours and best 
standards, entered the hostile array like 
lions going from one forest to another. 

57. Then between them and the foe, 
raged a fierce and dreadful combat in 
which cars and elephants got entangled to- 
gether and in which the combatants (merci- 
lessly) slew one another, 

58. Out of a feeling of animosity, they 
fought the dreadful fight that lasted for a 
few moments only before sun-set, adding 
to the population of Death's kingdom, 

59-— 60. Then car-warriors and cavalry- 
soldiers were strewn by thoiisand on 
the field of battle. Thereupon excited 
with wrath, the son of Santanu namely 
Bhisma, with straingt-knotted shafts, be- 

fan to slay the troops of the high-souled 
^andavas. With his arrows he also des- 
patched to the regions of Death the troops 
belonging to the Panchala princes. 

6r. Thus, O king, having broken the 
ranks of the Pandava host, the grandsire 
withdrawing his forces, retired to his own 

62. The very virtuous king Yudhisthira 
also, seeing Dhristadyumna and Vrikodara, 
smelt their heads, and with a delighted 
heart repaired to his camps. 

Thus ends the eightieth chapter, the 
toithtiraival of the forces after the sixth 
day^s fight, in the Bhisma-badha of the 
Bhisma Parva. 


Sasjaya said :— 

I. Then, O mighty monarch, those heroes 
literally bespattered with blood, k<>eping 
alive their enmity for one another, retired to 
their respective tents. 

2. Threafter having rested awhile, and 
having duly praised one another (for the 
feats achieved), they again were seen dad 
in coats of mail, standing desirous of battle* 

3. Then, O monarch, your son Dur- 
yodhna, covered with stains of blood all 
over the body, and overwhelmed with 
anxious thought, from confidence, asked the 
grand-sire Bhishma saying : — 

4. "Our troops are fierce and formid- 
able and duly arranged ; and they carry 
mighty standards ; and yet those heroic 
and fleet host of car-warriors belonging 
to the Pandava army, penetrating and 
slaughtering and crushing, 

5. And confounding us all, has earned 
great fame in battle. I have also been 
wounded deeply by those dreadful shafts 
resembling the club of Death himself, 
that have been shot by Bhima, who 
broke through our Makara^arrsiy that 
was strong as the thunder -bolt itself. 

6. Beholding Bhima, I have been, O 
sire, unmanned with fear ; even now 
I can not regain the equilibrium of my 
mind. O you of never-failing aim, I desire,, 
through your grace, to obtain victory and 
to slay the sons of Pandava." 

7. Thus addressed by Duryodhana 
and knowing him to be possessed by 
great grief, that high-souled son of Ganga, 
tiiat foremost of all wielders of weapons, 
endued with intelligence, smiling, replied to 
the former with a cheerless heart : — 

8. "Breaking through the hostile ranks 
with the greatest exertions and with all my 
power, O prince, I wish to give you victory 
and joy. For your sake, I do never 

p. These mighty car-warriors, who have 
sided with the Pandavas in this battle, are 
innumerable, formidable, all foremost 
heroes, endued with renown and accom- 
plished in the use of weapons ; they are 
indefatigable and seem to vomit forth the 
venom of their wrath in battle. 

10 These heroes are not to be so easily 
vanquished ; they entertain feelings of 
the bitterest hostility for you, and are 
morever swelling with their powers. Yet 
O monarch, I will, with all my soul^ 
fight these heroes to the bitter end. 

11. For your sake, O generous hero 
this day will I have no regard for my 
life in battle. For your sake, will I 
consume all the regions with their myriad 
celestials and Daityas, what to speak 
of your enemies ? 

12. I will encounter, O king, the Pan- 
da vas» and there by encompass all that is 



agreeable to you." Hearing these words, 
Duryodhana became inspired with confid- 
ence, and his heart swelled in joy. 

13. Then with a delighted heart, he gave 
the word of command to the troops and all 
the assembled kings, saying' Proceed'. At 
his command the army consisting of 
chariots, steeds, foot -soldiers, and elephant- 
riders, began to advance vin battle array). 

14. That extensive army of yours, O 
king, equipped with various sorts of imple- 
ments of war, was filled with delight. O 
king, your army, teeming with elephant- 
riders, cavalry-soldiers and foot-soldiers, 
arraneed in battle order, appeared exceed- 
ingly beautiful. 

15. The division of tuskers composed of 
large numbers and goaded on by skilful 
riders, appeared charging from all sides of 
the field ; and your troops were also formed 
into order by many princely warriors, accom- 
plished in the use of offensive and defensive 

16. A cloud of dust, — resembling in hue 
the rays of the rising sun and intercepting 
from the view the sun itself — that was raised 
by the divisions of cars, elephants, infantry 
and cavalry as they movedover the field 
in due order, appeared exceedingly beauti- 

17. Just as lightning, flashing amidst a 
mass of clouds in the firmament, appears 
beautiful, so the streamers of variegated hue 
mounted on cars and the backs of elephants, 
fluttering in the air and whirling along the 
welkin, appeared highly effulgent. 

1 8. A dreadful and deafening din was 
created by monarchs stretching and twang- 
ing their bows, — din that resembled the 
roar of the ocean, when in the Satya era, 
it was churned by the hosts of celestials and 

19. At that moment, that army of your 
sons, uttering fierce war-cries, comprising 
in it combatants of diverse hues, looking so 
resplendent, and capable of slaughtering 
the enemy's host, appeared like the clan of 
clouds that are seen at the expiration of a 

. Thus ends the eighty -first chapter ^ the 
colloquy between Bhisma and Duryo^ 
dhana, in the Bhi^ma-badha 0/ the Bhisma 



Sanjaya said :— 

1. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, the 
son of Ganga, seeing your son plunged in 
thought, once more addressed these delight- 
ful words to him. 

2. "Myself, Drona, Salya. Kritavarmah, 
of the Satwata race, Ashwathaman, 
Vikarna, Somadatta with the Shindhus , 

3. And Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti, 
and Valhika with the Valhikas, and the 
mighty king of the Trigarttas and the 
formidable sovereign of of the Maga- 

4. Vrihadvala the ruler of the Kosalas 
Chitrasena, Vivingsati, with many thousand 
of car -warriors, decorated with tall stand- 

5. And a large number of country-born 
steeds, O king, mounted with excellent 
horse soldiers, and innumerable huge ele- 
phants infuriate with shedding temporal 
juice from their temples and mouth, 

6. And many heroic foot-soldiers accom- 
plished in the use of various kinds of wea- 
pons, and born in various countries, are all 
prepared to fight for your sake. 

7. These and many others, prepared to 
lay down their very lives for your sake, arc 
I consider, capable of obtaining victory even 
over the gods in battle. 

8. ItJiis my bounden duty, O kin^, to 
tele always what will be for your good. The 
Pandavas are incapable of being vanquished 
even by the very gods led by Vasava him- 

9. They are supported by the son of Va- 
sudeva himself in battle, and are endued 
with prowess equal to that of the great 
Indra himself. But, O foremost of 
kings, 1 will ever carry out your com- 

10. Either I will conquer the Pandavas 
in battle, or they will conquer me." Hav- 
ing thus spoken, Bhisma gave to Duryo- 
dhana the excellent herb called Visalya' 
Karaneet (that which kills all pam), 

II — 12. That most efficacious remedy 
for healing all wounds. Therewith your 
son cured himself of all his wounds. Then 
at the fair dawn, the most powerful Bhisma 
that foremost of men accomplished in the 
art of arraying troops, formed with his own 
troops, the array called Mandala^ bristling 
with the glitter of various kinds of wea- 




13. The array teemed with excellent 
warriors^ as also with tuskers aixj infantry 
and it was surrounded on all sides with 
many thousand cars, 

14. And with large divisions of cavalry 
armed with scimitars and lances. Near 
•very elephant were stationed seven car- 
warriors, and near every car were placed 
s^ven horsemen. 

15. Behind every horsemen were station- 
ed ten bowmen, and behind each bowman 
weref placed seven foot -soldiers. Thus, O 
monarch, your troops urged by mighty 
and great cir- warriors, 

16. Stood ready for the fierce encounter 
being protected by Bhisma. Then 
a thousand horsemen, and as many tus- 

17. And ten thousand chariots, alon$; 
\|rith your heroic sous, all accoutred in 
mail, headed by Chitrasena, supported the 

18. It was seen that as Bhisma was sup- 
ported by those heroic warriors themselves 
endued with great strength and clad in 
mail, they were in their turn protected by 
trie grandsire. 

10. Duryodhana alsO, on that battle- 
field, occupving his car and clad in m^il, 
and enduecf with all grace, looked beauti- 
ful like Indra himself in paradise. 

20. Then, O Bharata, loud were the war 
cVies uttered by your sons, and deafening 
was clatter of chariots and the sound of the 
itiusieal instruments. 

21. Then that mighty and impenetrable 
Mandate, array of those slayers of enemies 
wjr the sons of Dhritarastra, formed by 
Bhishma himself, began to march forward 
facing the west. 

22., Invulnerable in battle by the enemies, 
O rftonarch, that array appeared beautiful 
in every part. Then beholding that formid- 
able Mandaht atrray, 

23. King Yudhi$thipa hinvself formed his 
troops in the array known as Vajra. Thus 
when the troops were thus fpriped into battle 
array, and were stationed in proper ranks« 

24. The car- warriors and cavalry sol- 
diers uttered their war-cries (resembling 
leonine raors). Then, desirous of battle, 
fierce warriors began to leave their ranks, 

25« And those heroes supported by their 
f'espective diviiiions, began 10 smite down 
one another. The son of Bharadwaja en- 
countered the ruler of the Matsyas, and the 
son of Drona engaged Sikhandin. 

26. King Duryodhana himself rushed 
a>;aiiibt the son of Prisaia ; the twins Nakula 

and Sahadeva proceeded against the kiff 
of the Madras. 

27. Vinda and Anuvinda from Avanti 
went against king Ira vat. All the othtr 
monarchs engaged Dhananjaya in battle. 

28 — 29. Putting forth all his exertions, 
Bhimasena checked the son of Hridika in 
battle. Endued with great prowess Arjuna's 
son, O king engaged in battle, your sons tri* 
Chetrasena Vifirna, and Durmnrsana. 
Against that fierce bow- man, vtg the ruler 
of the Pragjyotisas, Hidimva, ihe ruler of 
the Rakshas, 

30 — 31. Rushed with impetuosity, like an 
infuriate elephant meeting a compeer in ihe 
same state. Then O monarch, the Rak- 
shasa Alamvusha excited with wrath rushed 
in that battle, against Satyaki invincible in 
battle surrounded though he was wHh his 
own division. Exerting himself well, Bhuri- 
sravas engaged in that conifict Dhristakeiu. 

32. Yudhisthira. the son of Dharma, en- 
gaged king Srutayusa ; and in that hattk 
Chekitana fought with Kripa* 

33. The rest putting forth all their en- 
deavours advanced against the mighty car* 
warrior Bhima. Thereafter thousands of 
monarchs surrounded Dhananjaya on all 

34. Wielding in their hands darts, lances 
arrows, maces, and bludgeons ; thereat, 
highly enraj^ed, Ariuna addressed the des* 
cendant of the Vrisliini race (Krishna) 
saying : — 

35. " Behold, O MadhavR, the troops 
of the sons of Dhritarastra formed in battle 
array by the high-souled son of Ganga, who 
is versed in all the modes of forming soldiers 
in battle arra%'. 

36. Behold also, O Madhava, innumer- 
able heroes all ardenily longing for baRfc. 
Beiiold also, O Kesava, the king of the Tri- 
garttas supported by his brothers. 

37. Today, before your very eyes, I wifl 
O Janardana, slay all these, O foremost of 
the Yadus, who are desirous of fighting with 
me in the battle." 

38. Having thus spoken, the son of 
Kunti, rubbing his bow-string poured an 
arrowy down -pour on those hosts of kings. 

39. Those fierce bowmen also covered 
him in return with showers of shafts, just as 
clouds, in the season of rain, fill the tanb 
with showers of 

40. Then, O ruler of men, when in that 
great battle the two Krishnas were seen to 
be covered with fast-falling arrows, kwd 
shouts of • Oh !' • Oh !' were heard in your 



4!. Tlie celestials, the divine sages, the 
Gandharvas, and the mighty reptiles, were 
all overwhelmed {with amazement beholding 
Krishna and Arjuna thus situated. 

42. Thereafter waxing wroth, Arjuna 
invoked, O king, the weapon called Aindra ; 
then wonderful was the prowess that we be- 
held of Vijaya, 

43. In as much as he baffled the thick 
shower of arrows discharged by his enemies 
with myriads of shafts shot by himself. 
There was none, O ruler of men, that was 
not wounded, 

44. Among those thousands of kings, 
steeds and tuskers. Tlie rest, O sire, the 
son Pritha pierced, each with two or three 

45. While being thus slaughtered by 
the son of Pritha, they sought protection 
from the son of Santanu ; and then Bhisma 
became the rescuer of those warriors who 
resembled men sinking in the fathomless 

46. Then those flying and broken ranks 
of your army, moving and falling b^rck upon 
the divisions of Bhima, created a great con- 
fusion in the latter ranks, like the raging 
tempest agitating the migiity main. 

Thus ends the eighty -second chapter, the 
commencement of the seventh day's battle^ 
in the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. When tl»e battle thus raged, when 
Su&arman had turned away from the battle, 
when tlie higli*souled son of Pandu (Arjuna) 
had broken your ranks, 

2. When your army resembling the 
mighty m tin had been grpatly agitated, and 
when the son of Gmga had swiftly advanc- 
ed towards Vijaya, 

3. King Duryodhana, beholding the 
prowess of the son of Pritha in that battle, 
nastily approaching all those kings thus 
addressed them all ; 

4. Also, addressing the heroic Susarman 
endued with great strength, and stationed 
at their head, Duryodhana said these 
words, amidst all the soldiers, imparting 
delight to them all. 

5. ' This Bhisma, this son of Santanu, 
thib foremost ef the Kui us, las resolved to 

fight with Dhananjaya, heedless of his very 
life and to the best of his aoitities. 

6. Do yoM all, putting forth all your ener 
gies in battle, and supported by your res- 
pective divisions, protect the grandsire o£ 
the Uliaratas, as he rushes against the 
army of the enemy.'* 

7. Saying 'yea,' all those divisions, led 
by foremost of kings, O mighty monarch, 
moved near the grandsire. 

8. Thereupon the son of Santanu vxU 
Bhisma, while thus advancing, suddenfy 
encountered the mighty Arjuna of the Bha- 
rata race, coming towards himself, 

9. Riding on his highly resplendent cha- 
riot that bore the standard marked with 
the emblem of the mighty ape, to which 
were yoked mighty white steeds, and that 
produced a clatter resembling the rumble of 

10. Beholding the diadem -decked Dha-> 
nanjaya rush to battle, all yonr troops, 
seized with panic, set up a dreadful up*- 

11. Beholding Krishna resembling 
another Aditya and holding the reins in his 
hands, look like the sun in the meridian, 
your soldiers were unable to fix their eyes on 

12. So also the troops of the Pandavas 
were unable to ^aze at Bhisma the son of 
Santanu, borne by white steeds, holding a 
white bow, and looking like the white planet 
(Sukra) rising in the skies. 

t8. He was also surrounded on all sides 
by the Trigarttas of high-soul, along with 
their brothers, sons, and many other car- 

14. Meanwhile the son of Bharadwaja 
in that conflict, pierced the king of the 
Matsy;«s with one winged arrow ; and he 
cut down the bow and the standard of the 
latter with one shaft each. 

15. Thereupon Virata the leader of a 
division leaving aside hb severed bow, has- 
tily grasped another of tougher make and 
capable of bearing great strain, 

16. As also, arrows of the shape of 
snakes of virulent poison, and resembling 
blazing serpents. In return, he pierced 
Drona with three shafts, his steeds with 

17. His standard with one, and his cha- 
rioteer with five. Virata also pierced the 
bow of DrOna with one shaft. Thereupon 
that foremost of the regenerates, Drona, 
waxed irascible. 

18. Thereafter with eight straight-knot^ 
ted shafts, Drona slew Virata'^ steeds, and» 



13. The array teemed with excellent 
warriors, as also with tuskers and infantry 
and it was surrounded on all sides with 
many thousand cars, 

14. And with large divisions of cavalry 
armed with scimitars and lances. Near 
•very elephant were stationed seven car- 
warriors, and near every car were placed 
seven horsemen. 

15. Behind every horsemen were station- 
ed ten bowmen, and behind each bowman 
wer^ placed seven foot -soldiers. Thus, O 
monarch, your troops urged by mighty 
and great cir- warriors, 

16. Stood ready for the fierce encounter 
^ing protected by Bhisma. Then 
a thousand horsemen, and as many tus- 

17. And ten thousand chariots, alon^ 
with your heroic sons, all accoutred in 
mail, headed by Chitrasena, supported the 

18. It was seen that as Bhisma was sup- 
ported by those heroic warriors themselves 
endued with great strength and clad in 
mail, they were in their turn protected by 
the grandsire. 

10. Duryodhana als<>, on th^t battle- 
field, occupving his car and clad in mail, 
and enduecf with all grace, looked beauti- 
ful like Indra himself in paradise. 

20. Then, O Bharata, loud were the war 
cVies uttered by your sons, and deafening 
was clatter of chariots and the sound of the 
musical instruments. 

21. Then that mighty and impenetrable 
Mattdal^, array of those slayers of enemies 
vtM the sons of Dhritarastra, formed by 
Bhishma himself, began to march forward 
facing the west. 

221. Invulnerable in battle by the enemies, 
O m,onarch, that array appeared beautiful 
in every part. Then beholding that formid- 
able Mandala, array, 

23. King Yudhisthipa hinwelf fowned his 
troops in the array known as Vajra. '1 hus 
when the troops were thus fpriped into battle 
array, and were stationed in proper ranks, 

24. The car- warriors and cavalry sol- 
diers uttered their war-cries (resembling 
leonine raors). Then, desirous of battle, 
fierce warriors began to leave their ranks, 

25. And those heroes supported by their 
r-esp^tive divisions, began to smite down 
9ne another. The son ^ Bharadwaja en- 
countered the ruler of the Matsyas, and the 
son of Drona engaged Sikhandiii. 

26. King Duryodhana himself rushed 
a>;am!>i the son of Frisaia; the twins Nakula 

I and Sahadeva proceeded against 
of the Madras. 

the king 

27. Vinda and Anuvinda from Avanti 
went against king Ira vat. All the other 
monarchs engaged Dhananjaya in battle. 

28 — 29. Putting forth all his exertions, 
Bhimasena checked the son of Hridika in 
battle. Endued with great prowess Arjuna's 
son, O king engaged in battle, your sons vtB 
Chetrasena Vikarna, and Durmarsana. 
Against that fierce bow- man, vtt the ruler 
of the Pragjyotisas, Hidimva, the ruler off 
the Rakshas, 

30 — 31. Rushed with impetuosity, like an 
infuriate elf phani meeting a compeer in the 
same state. Then O monarch, the Rak- 
shasa Alamvusha excited with wrath rushed 
in that battle, against Satyaki invincible in 
battle surrounded though he was with his 
own division. Exerting himseK well, Bhuri- 
sravAs engaged in that conflict Dhristaketu. 

32. Yudhisthira, the son of Dharma, en- 
gaged king Srutayusa ; and in that battle 
Chekitana fought with Kripa. 

33. The rest putting forth all their en- 
deavours advanced againbt the mighty car- 
warrior Bhima. Thereafter thousands of 
monarchs surrounded Dhananjaya on alt 

34. Wielding in their hands darts, lances 
arrows, maces, and bludgeons ; thereat, 
highly enraj^ed, Ariuna addressed the des- 
cendant of the Vrisliini race (Krishna) 
saying : — 

35. •• Behold, O MadhavR, the troops 
of the sons ol Dhritarastra formed in battle 
array by the high-souled son of Ganga, who 
is versed in all the modes of forming soldiers 
in battle arra*". 

36. Behold also, O Madhava, innumer- 
able heroes all ardently longing for battle. 
Behold also, O Kesava, the king of the Tri- 
garttas supported by his brothers. 

37. Today, before your very eyes, I will 
O Janardana, slay all these, (3 foremost of 
the Yadus, who are desirous of fighting with 
me in the battle." 

38. Having thus spoken, the son of 
Kunti, rubbing his bovv>siring poured an 
arrowy dnwn-pour on those hosts of kings. 

39. Those fierce bowmen also covered 
him in return with showers of shafts, just as 
clouds, in the season of rain, fill the tanks 
with showers of rrvin. 

40. Then, O ruler of men, when in that 
great battle the two Krishnas were seen to 
be covered with fast-falling arrows, loud 
shouts of ' Oh !' ' Oh V were heard in your 



41. The celcUials, the divine sages, the 
Gandharvas, and the mighty reptiles, were 
all overwhelmed Jwith amazement beholding 
Krishna and Arjuna thus situated. 

43. Thereafter waxing wroth, Arjuna 
invoked, O king, the weapon called Aindra ; 
then wonderful was the prowess that we be- 
held of Vijaya, 

43. In as much as he baffled the thick 
shower of arrows discharged by his enemies 
with myriads of shafts shot by himself. 
There was none, O ruler of men, that was 
not wounded, 

44. Amon^ those thousands of kings, 
steeds and tuskers. The rest, O sire, the 
son Pritha pierced, each with two or three 

45. While being thus slaughtered by 
the son of Pritha, they sought protection 
from the son of Santanu ; and then Bhisma 
became the rescuer of those warriors who 
resembled men sinking in the fathomless 

46. Then those flying and broken ranks 
of your army, moving and falling b;n:k upon 
the divisions of Bhima, created a great con- 
fusion in the latter ranks, like the raging 
tempest agitating the mighty main. 

Thus ends the eighty-second chapter^ the 
commencement of the seventh day's battle, 
in the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma 


Sanjaya said :— 

I. When the battle thus ra^ed, when 
Susarman had turned away from the battle, 
when tiie high-souled son of Pandu (Arjuna) 
had broken your ranks, 

3. When your army resembling the 
mighty m tin had been greatly agitated, and 
when the son of Gmga had swiftly advanc- 
ed towards Vijaya, 

3. King Duryodhana, beholding the 

Krowess of the son oi Pritha in that battle, 
astily approaching all those kings thus 
addressed them all ; 

4* Also, addressing the heroic Susarman 
endued with great strength, and stationed 
at their head, Duryodhana said these 
words, amidst all the soldiers, imparting 
delight to them all. 

5. ' This Bhisma, this son of Santanu, 
thid foremost •! the Kut us, has resolved to 

fight with Dhananjaya, heedless of his very 
life and to the best of his abilities. 

6. Do yon all, putting forth all your ener 
gies in battle, and supported by your res- 
pective divisions, protect the grandsire of 
the Bliaraias, as he rushes against the 
army of the enemy." 

7. Saying 'yea,' all those divisions, led 
by foremost of kings, O mighty monarch, 
moved near the grandsire. 

8. Thereupon the son of Santanu Dtit 
Bhisma, while thus advancing, suddenfy 
encountered the mighty Arjuna of the Bha- 
rata race, coming towards himself, 

9. Riding on his highly resplendent cha- 
riot that bore the standard marked with 
the emblem of the mighty a(}e, to which 
were yoked mighty white steeds, and that 
produced a clatter resembling the rumble cX. 

10. Beholding the diadem-decked Dha- 
nanjaya rush to battle, all yonr troops, 
seixed with panic, set up a dreadful up*> 

11. Beholding Krishna resembling 
another Adit)^ and holding the reins in his 
hands, look like the sun in the meridian, 
your soldiers were unable to fix tlicir eyes on 

12. So also the troops of the Panda vas 
were unable to ^aze at Bhisma the son of 
Santanu, t>ome by white steeds, holding a 
white bow, and looking like the white planet 
(Sukra) rising in the skies. 

18. He was also surrounded on all sides 
by the Trigarttas of high-soul, along with 
their brothers, sons, and many other car- 

14. Meanwhile the son of Bharadwaja 
in that conflict, pierced the king of the 
Matsyas with one winged arrow ; and he 
cut down the bow and the standard of the 
Utter with one shaft each. 

15. Thereupon Virata the leader of a 
division leaving aside his severed bow, has* 
tily grasped another of tougher make and 
capable of bearing great strain, 

16. As also, arrows of the shape of 
snakes of virulent poison, and resembling 
blazing serpents. In return, he pierced 
Drona with three shafts, his steeds wiik 

17. His standard with one, and his cha- 
rioteer With five. Virata also pierced the 
bow of Drona with one shaft. Thereupon 
that foremost of the regenerates, Drona, 
waxed irascible. 

18. Thereafter with eight straight -knot- 
ted shafts, Drona &lew Virata's steeds, and^ 



O foremost of theBharatas, his charioteer 
also with one shaft furnished with wings. 

19. Thereat that foremost of car- warriors 
viz, Virata, jumping down from his chariot, 
of which the driver and the steeds had 
been slain, swiftly ascended the car of San- 

20. Then, the father and the son (Virata 
and Sankhya) riding on the same car, 
putting forth all their energies, endeavoured 
to check the son of Bharadwaja with a 
mighty shower of arrows. 

21. Thereupon that highly -powerful son 
of Bharadwaja, waxmg wroth, with great 
lightness (of hand) hurled, in that battle, a 
shaft resembling a snake of virulent venom, 
at Sankhya. 

22. That arrow, penetrating through 
Sankhya's heart and drinking his life 
blood, struck on the ground with its body 
soaked in the crimson fluid. 

23. Pierced by the shaft of Bharadwaja's 
son, Sankhya quickly dropped down from 
his car, loosing hold of his bow and arrows 
and before the very presence of his 

24. Beholding his own son slain, Virata, 
fled out of fear, leaving Drona in battle 
who then looked like Death himself with 
yawning jaws. 

25. Thereafter in that battle, the son of 
Bharadwaja, resisted, by hundreds and 
by thousands, the mighty army belonging 
to the sons of Pandu. 

26. Sikhandin also, O mighty sovereign, 
encountering the son of Drona in the con- 
flict, wounded him between the brows with 
three swift-coursing long shafts. 

27. With those three arrows stuck on 
his fore-head, that foremost of men 
(Drona's son) appeared beautiful like the 
Meru mountain decked with three golden 
peaks towering high. 

28—29. Thereupon waxing wroth, within 
half the time taken up by the wink, Ashwa- 
thaman cut off in that combat Shikhandin's 
charioteer, standard, horses and weapons 
covering them, O king, with innumerable 
arrows. Then that foremost of car warriors 
jumped down from the car of which, the 
steeds had been slain, 

30. Grasping a whetted and effulgent 
sword and buckler. Then that afflicter of 
foes, namely Shikhan In, waxing wroth be- 
gan to move about on the field of battle 
Uke a hawk. 

31. As he (Sikhandin) whirled about 
on the field, O mighty monarch, Drona's 
son could not find any vulnerable 

point ; and thi^ seemed indeed very wan- 

32. Then. O foremoM of the Bharafas, 
Drona s son inflamed with rage, sped, in thai 

sT^LZ)' ^''"^"'^ ^^ ^'^^^ (^^--' 

33. Then that foremost of those possess- 
ed of prowes:J (Sikhandin), cut off with his 
sharp-edged sword the dreadful shower of 
arrows that was falling fast upon him. 

c-.¥* J^^'^ea^^er the son of Drona cut off 
Sikhandin's glittering shield charming 
with a hundred moon ; then in that battle 
he also shattered into pieces the latter's 

.35— 36. Then O monarch he (Drona's son) 
pierced SikhandinEwithnmyriads of shafts 
furnished with wings. Thereat Sikhandin, 
whirhng the fragment of his sword splinter- 
ed by the arrows (of Drouni), hurled it at the 
latter, hke a blazing serpent. Beholding 
that fragment of the sword that then resem- 
bled the all-destructive fire (at the end of a 
Yuga) come swiftly towards himself, 

37. The son of Drona cut it off in tlie 
batt.e, displaying great lightness of hand ; 
then also he pierced Sikhandin with many 
shafts made wholly of iron. 

38. Thus wounded sore with sharp 
arrows, Sikhandin quickly ascended, O 
monarch, the car of the high-souled 
Satyaki, that scion of the dynasty of 

39. Then Satyaki, inflamed with wrath, 
in that conflict, covered, on all sides, the 
ruthless Rakshasas Alamvusha, with his 
dreadful arrows. 

40. Thereat, O Bharata, that foremost 
of the Rakshasas cut off Satyai's bow 
with a crescent-shaped arrow in that com- 
bat, andj pierced the latter with numerous 

41 • Spreadinqr an illusion through his 
Rakshasa prowess, he covered Satyaki with 
an arrowy downpour. Then we did behold 
the wonderful prowess of th#^ grandson of 

42. In as much as though pierced in'that 
battle, with those sharp arrows, he did not 
flinch in the least. Then that descendant 
of the Vrishni race placed on his bow-string 
the Aindra weapon, 

43. Which that renowned scion of 
Madhus race had obtained from Vijaya 
himself. That weapon then reducing into 
ashes the Rakshasi illusion, 

44. Poured a shower of dreadful shafts 
on Alamvusha from all sides, like clouds 
in the rainy season covering the mountain 
top with (thick bhowers of rain.) 



45. Thus afflicted sore by that high- 
souled scion of Madhu's race, the Rakshasa 
fled out of fear, leaving Satyaki (victorious) 
on the field. 

46. Then having vanquished that fore- 
most of the Rakshasas who could not be 
vanquished even by Indra himself, the 
grandson of Sini uttered a loud roar, even 
before the very eyes of your ^^arriors. 

47. Then Satyaki of prowess incapable 
of being baffled, began to slaughter your 
warriors with many well -sharpened shafts ; 
and afflicted with fear these latter began to 
break away. 

48 — ^49. Meanwhile, that mighty son of 
Drupada, namely, Dhristadyumna, O king, 
in that battle covered your son, the ruler of 
men, with innumerable straight-knotted 
shafts. Thus covered with the arrows shot 
by Dhristadyumna, O Bharata, 

50. Your son, that lord of men, neither 
wavered nor was agitated with fear ; on the 
other hand, he quickly pierced Dhrista- 
dyumna with arrows, in that conflict, 

51. Numbering sixty (first) and thirty 
(next). All this seemed highly wonderful. 
Thereupon the generalissimo of the Panda- 
vas, waxing wroth, O Bharata, cut off 
Duryodhana's bow. 

52. Also that mighty car- warrior slew 
the four steeds of the latter in battle, and 
quickly pierced his person with seven shafts 
of exceeding sharpness. 

53. Thereupon that mighty-armed Dur- 
yodhana endued with great strength 
jumping down from his car the steeds of 
which were slain, rushed on foot towards 
Prisata's son with sword uplifted. 

54. At that moment the highly powerful 
Sakuni desirous of rescuing the king, 
approached the spot and placed the 
monarch on his car before the presence of 
all warriors. 

55. Then vanquishing the Kuru kingt 
Prisata's son that slayer of hostile heroes, 
began to slaughter your troops like the wield- 
er of the thunderbolt slaying the Asuras. 

56. Then in that battle, Kritavarman 
afflicted the mighty car-warrior Bhima, 
virtually covering the latter (with arrows;, 
like masses of clouds covering the sun. 

57. Thereupon that scorcher of foes* 
Bhimasena, waxing irascible and smiling 
the while, shot, in that combat, myriads of 
'baft^ towards KritavarAian. 

58. Wounded with those arrows that 
Atiratha of the Satwata race swelling with 
all prowess, quaked not, O mighty monarch; 
but, on the other hand, pierced Bhima with 
many keen -pointed arrows. 

59. Thereat the highly-powerful Bhim-v 
sena slaying Krttavarman's four steeds* 
felled his charioteer and his well-cleansed 

60. Then that slayer of hostile heroes 
(Bhima) pierced Kritavarman with arrows 
of diverse sorts; thus mangled and mutilated 
with arrows, the latter looked like a 

61. Thereafter leaving his chariot of 
which the steeds were slain, Kritavarman 
ascended the car of your brother-in-law 
Vrisaka, O monarch, before the eyes of 
your son. 

62. Bhimasena also, inflamed with wrath 
rushed at your troops ; and excited to the 
highest pitch of fury, he began to slaughter 
them like the god of Death himself wielding 
his mace in his hands. 

Thus ends the eighty-third chapter, the 
single combats f in the Bhisma-badha of thfi 
Bhtsma Parva. 


Dhritarastra said :— 

1. I have heard, O Sanjaya as you have 
discoursed on, of the numerous and won- 
derful single combats fought between my 
warriors and those of the sons x>i Pandu. 

2. But, O Sanjaya, you never speak of 
my soldiers being delightful (on such occa- 
sions). You always speak of the warriors 
of the Pandavas as cheerful, and never 
and routed. 

3. You always speak of my warriors as 
depressed in mmd, vanquished and shorn 
of energy in battle. O Suta, indubitably 
all this IS brought about by Destiny. 

Sanjaya said :~ 

4. Your warriors strive in battle to the 
best of their strength and ardour, display- 
ing, O foremost of the Bharatas, their man- 
liness as much as possible. 

5. Even as the very tasteful water of 
the celestial river Ganga flowing into that 
of the mighty main, attains saline pro- 

6. So also, O monarch, the manlines 
of the illustrious warriors of your army 
opposed by that of the herok sons of Pandu 
becomes baffled in battle. 

7. It behoves you not, O foremost of 
the Kurus, to attribute blame to your own 
warriors, who exert themselves to the best 



of their might, and achieve (eats that are i 
diffkult of being dnne so. \ 

8. From your own fault, and from that 
of your son, O ruler of men, this great and 
dreadful destruction (of tlie creatures of) 
the earth has come to pass, adding con- 
siderably to the population of Death's 

9. It behoves you not, O king, to grieve 
for what has come to pass in consequence 
of your own faults. The kings do not pay 
any the least regard to their lives in this 

10. The rulers of men (assembled on 
the field), desire to attain to the regions 
of those that perform pious acts. Always 
cherishing a ciesire for attaining Paradise, 
they are fighting agitating the hostile 

11. That afternoon, O mighty monarch* 
a great destruction of creatures took place' 
Hear of me, with singleness of attention* 
of that battle that resembled that between 
the gods and the Asuras. 

12. The two (royal) brothers from 
Avantt, both mighty bow-men, possessed 
of great might, and exceeding effulgence, 
and both formibable in battle, beholding 
Iravat, rushed at him. 

13 — 14. Then the combat that was 
fought between them was dreadful and 
korripilating. Thereupon Iravat waxing 
wrath, quickly pierced those two 
brojdhers of godly presence, with straight- 
knotted shafts of exceeding sharpness. 
Those two warriors versed in diverse modes 
of warfare pierced Iravat in return, in 
that battle. 

15. As they fought on, O king, strking 
their best to slay their mutual foes and 
desirous of avenging what is done to one 
another, there could be found no dibtinc- 
tion between them. 

16. Then in that conflict, Iravat, O king,' 
with four arrows, despatched the fou 
steeds of Anuvinda to the regions of Death' 

17. Also, O sire, with a couple of keen- 
eged broad -headed arrows, the former cut 
on the stajidard and bow of the latter in 
that battle. All this, O king, seemed to be 

18. Thereupon Anuvinda leaving his 
own car, ascended that of Vinda ; there- 
after he grasped an excellent bow of great 
toiighaess and capable of bearing a great 

19. Then those two foremost of car- 
warriors endued with,heroism and riding on 
oiie and the same car, both belonging to the 

country of Avanti, begnn to shower inces- 
santly arrows on the high-souled Iravat. ' 

20. Shot by them both, swift-flying 
arruws decked with gold, intercepting the 
rays of the orb of the day, (literally) 
covered the sky. 

21. Thereupon, inflamed with wrath, 
Iravat poured an arrowy downpour on the 
two brothers both mighty car-warriors ; and 
he feJled their charioteer. 

22. When deprived of life, the charioteer 
fell down on the earth, the chariot was 
dragged in all directions in consequence of 
its horses being unrestrained. 

23. Obtaining victory, O monarch, over 
the two brotliers, the son of the daughter of 
the king of the Nagas displaying his manli- 
ness, began speedily to spread havoc among 
your soldiers. 

24. Thus slaughtered in battle, the 
mighty army of the sons of Dhritarastra 
performed various movements like a man 
reeling tlirough the effects of poisoning. 

25. Then the son of Hidimba, the 
foremost of the Rakshasas endued with great 
strength, riding on his chariot of solar hue 
and furnished with a standard, rushed 
against Bhagadatta. 

26. Thereupon the ruler of the Prag- 
jyotisas mounted on his prince of elephant 
like the wielder of the thunder-bolt mount- 
ing on his Airavat in the days of yore at the 
time of the battle caused by the insult 
oflered by Taraka. 

27. Then there came the celestials alongf 
with the Gandharvas and the sages. They 
were unable to find out any distinction 
between the son of Hidimva and Bhaga- 

28. As the lord of the celestials (Indra) 
waxing wroth had struck terror into the 
hearts of the Danavas, sa did also the ruler 
of the Pragjyolisas, O king, in that battle 
frighten and crush the Panda va troops. 

29. Thus routed by him on all directions, 
the Pandava troops,0 Bharata, did not find, 
in their whole host, an one competent to 
save them. 

30. We then only beheld the son of 
Bhimasena (Gatotkacha), O Bharata, riding 
on his car ; the rest of the car-warriors, with 
minds distracted (with fear) had fled (in all 

31. Then, O Bharrata, when the Pan- 
dava forces rallied, a dreadful and fierce 
roar was sent up by your troops in that 

32. Thereupon, O mighty monarch, in 
in the fierce engagement that commenced, 
Gatotkacha covered ^Bhagadatta with a 



sHower of arrows, like a rain-cloud covering 
theMeru mounUin with a downpour of 

33. Then king Bhagadatta, severing 
those arrows shot from the bow of the Rak- 
shasa, in that combat Quickly pierced tlie 
the son of Bhimasena in all his vital parts. 

34. Wounded with innumerable straight- 
jointed shafts, that foremost of the Rak- 
shasas did not flinch, (but stood Jfirm) like 
a mountain though cleft open. 

35. Then the ruler of the Pragjyotisas 
inflamed with rage, in that battle sped 
fourteen Tonuiras against the Rakasha, who 
(easily) cut them off. 

36. Then that Rakshasa of mighty arms, 
cutting off those Tomaras, pierced Bhaga- 
datta with seveUy shafts of exceeding: 
sharpness, all resembling the thunderbolt 
of Heaven. 

37. Thereupon the king of the Prajyo- 
tiws, in that combat, as if smiling, des- 
patched, O BharaU. to death the four 
horses of the Rakshasa. 

38. Standing on his car of which the 
steeds were slain, that foremost of the 
Rakshasas endued with prowess, hurled at 
the elephant of BhagadatU» a Sakti, with 
great force. 

39. Then the ruler of the Pragjyotisas 
cutoff ihsLtSakti falling with great vehe- 
mence and furnished with a golden staff, 
into three splinters ; and the Sakti fell 
shattered on the ground. 

40. Seeing his Sakti splintered into 
pieces, the son of Hidimva fled out of fear 
like Namuchi the foremost of the Daityas 
(lying, in the days of yore, from tlie fight 
with Indra. 

41. Obtaining victory, O kingj in battle 
over that heroic and highly powerful 
Rakshasa of illustrious renown who is in- 
capable of being vanquished even by the 
god of Death and Varuna themselves, 

42. Bhagadatta riding on his elephant 
crushed in that battle, the troops of the 
Pandavas, even like a wild elephant, that 
roves.O king, trampling lovus-stems (under- 
neath its huge feet.) 

43. The ruler of the Madras encounter- 
ed in battle the twins (Nakula and Saha- 
deva. He covered his two nephews,- both 
sons of Pandu, with an arrowy down- pour. 

44. Sahadeva finding himself encounter- 
ed by his uncle in battle, shrouded him 
with a net-work of arrows, like clouds 
shrouding the solar orb. 

45. Shrouded by that net-work of shafts, 
tlie Madra king wore an appearance indi- 

cative of joy ; the twins also were greatly 
delighted for the sake of their mother. 

46 — ^47. Thereafter in that combat, that 
mighty car-warrior*! (the Madra king), 
O king, witli four excellent arrows des- 
patched smilingly Nakula's four steeds 
to the mansion of Death. Then that miehty 
car-warrior Nakula jumping down from 
his car of whicli the horses were slain, 

48. Ascended the vehicle of his tllus- 
trious brother. Then in that battle the 
heroes, mounted on the same car, stretching 
their tough bows, 

49. Waxing irascible and becoming 
formidable in battle, covered the king of 
the Madras (with shafts). Covered with 
innumerable stalght-jointed arrows 

$0. Shot by his nephews, that foremost 
of men Uhe Madra king) moved not, but 
stood still even like a mountain ; then as if 
smiling, he baffled that shower of arrows. 

51. Thereupon tl>e highly powerful 
Sahadeva, inflamed with wratn, graspincr 
a dart, rusiied at the ruler of Madras and 
then hurled it at him, O Bharata. 

52. That dart shot by him and coursing 
swiftly like the Garuda himself, penetrating 
through the body of the Madra king, fell 
down on earth. 

53. Thus deeply pierced, and smarting 
with pain, that mighty car-warrior squatted 
down on the terrace of his car, and O 
mighty monarch he was overhelmed with 
a swoon. 

54. In that battle,seeing him (the Madra 
king) senseless and fallen on the car and 
afflicted by the twins, his charioteer drove 
him on nis vehicle away from the field 
of battle. 

55. The sons of Dhritarastra beholding 
the car of the ruler of the Madras turn away 
from the field, were all depressed in mind 
and thought that he was no longer alive. 

56. Obtaming victory in battle, over 
their uncle, the sons of Madri, greatly 
delighted blew their conchs and roared 
out their war cries. 

57. Thereafter filled 'with delight, they 
rushed ag.iinst your host, O ruler of men, 
like the immortals Indra and Upendra, O 
kiiig, rusiiing (against the host of the 

Thus ends the eig^hty -fourth chapter, the 
single combats^ in the Bhisma-baUha of the 
Bktsma Parva, 





Saiyaya said :— - 

1. Then when the sun shone on the 
ineridian, king Yudhisthira, behoding Sruta 
yusa, urged his own steeds towards him. 

2. Then the kinjj rushed at Srutayusa, 
that subduer of foes, wounding the latter at 
same time with nine straight knotted-shafts 
of exceeding sharpness. 

'3. That king, that mighty bowman, 
(Srutayusa) resisting in battle, the shafts, 
shot at him by the son of Pandu, sped at 
Kunti*s son a group of seven arrows. 

4. Those arrows penetrating through 
Yudhisthira's armour drank, in that battle, 
his life-blood, as if plucking out all vitality 
envigorating the frame of that high-souled 

5. Pierced deep by that illustrious 
sovereign, the son of Pandu, in that combat 
struck the former on his breast with an arrow 
resembling in shape the ear of a boar. 

6. Then that foremost of car-warriors 
namely the son of Pritha, with another 
broad-headed shafts, quickly felled on the 
ground from his car, the standard of the 
dlustrious Srutayusa. 

7. Then that ruler of earth Srutayusa, 
beholding his standard felled, pierced, O 
king, the son of Pandu with seven arrows of 
great sharpness. 

8. Then Yudhisthira the son of Dharma 
burnt with rage, like the fire that burns at 
the end of a Yuga consuming all creatures. 

9. Beholding the son of Pandu blaze 
forth in rage, the celestials, the Gandhar- 
vas and the Rakshasas became afflicted O 
monarch, and the whole world was seized 
upon by anxiety 

10. Then this thought prevailed in the 
minds of all beings present, namely * This 
king, Waxine wroth, will today consume the 
triune world.' 

11. Then, O king, when the son of Pandu 
was thus enraged, the Kishis and the celesu 
tials performed many benedictory cere- 
monies for the peace of the worlds. 

12. Then that king (Yudhisthira) pos- 
sessed with anger and constantly licking the 
corners of his mouth, assumed a dreadful 
^iippearce like that of the sun that rises at 
the end of a Yuga. 

' I3« Thereupon, O ruler of men, all the 
warriors of your army, became despondent 
of their lives, O Bharata. 

14. But that highly- renowned one (Yu- 
dhisthira) restraining that wrath of his. 

with patience, severed the mighty bow of 
Srutayusa near the grasp. 

15. Thereafter in that combat the king 
(Yudhisthira, pierced the latter whose bow 
had been severed, with a long arrow between 
his breasts, even before the very eyes of all 
the troops. 

16. Then, O monarch, with great quick- 
ness, Yudhisthira endued with great prow- 
ess, slew the steeds of the illustrious Sruta- 
yusa as also his charioteer, with swift-flying 

17. Then deserting his car of which the 
steeds were slain, and beholding the man- 
liness of the monarch (Yudhishthira), Sruta- 
yusa fled with all haste from the field of 

18. When that mighty-bowman Sruta- 
yusa was vanquished m battle by the son 
of Dharma, the troops of Duryodhana, O 
king, turned their faces away from the field 
of battle. 

19. Acheiving this feat, O mighty 
monarch, Yudhisthira the son of Dharma 
fell to slaughter your army, like the Des- 
troyer himself with gaping mouth. 

20. Then Chekitana that descendant of 
of the Vrishni race, covered that foremost 
of car- warriors namely the son of Qotami, 
with numerous arrows, before the very 
eyes of all the troops. 

21. Resisting also those arrows, in that 
combat, Kripa the son of Saradwata pierced 
O monarch, with winged shafts, Chekitana 
who had been fighting very heed fully. 

22. Then, O Bharata, with a broad- 
headed shaft the former severed the latter's 
bow ; as also with great lightness of hand he 
overthrew with another broad-headed 
arrow the latter's charioteer. 

23. Kripa also slew Chekitana's steeds 
and the charioteers of those who were pro- 
tecting him in the flank. Then he of the 
Satwata race quickly jumping down from 
his car grasped a mace. 

24. Then that foremost of all wielders of 
maces slaying the steeds of the son of 
Gotami with that mace capable of crushing 
heroes, felled the latter's charioteer. 

25. Then standing on the ground, the 
son of Gotami shot at him sixteen shafts ; 
and those shafts penetrating through him of 
the Satwata race, struck on the surface of 
the earth. 

26. Then Chekitana, inflamed with ra^e 
and desirous of slaying the son of Gotami, 
once more hurled that mace at the latter, 
like Purandara hurling his thunder-bolt at 



. 17. Thereat t»ic son of GoUmi, with many 
thousands of arrows resisted tliai mighty 
and huge mace made em i rely of adamant, 
that was falling swiftly on him. 

aS. Thereupon Cliekitan;!, O Bharata, 
drawing his sword out of its sheaih, with 
admirable activity rushed at t)ie son of 

29. Thereupon Kripa nI*o havioj» laid 
asitlc his bow and grasping his sword highly 
polished, with great impetuosity rushed at 


30. Then tho% two (heroes) endued with 
strength and armed with swords of excellent 
make, be^an to smite one another with their 
well-sharpened weapons. 

31. Then those two fnremost of men, 
struck with the vehemence of^ one another's 
swords (blows i fell down on the earth in* 
habitted by all sorts of creatures. 

32. Their limbs were stiffened in a swoon 
and they lost their consciousness tlirnngii the 
fatigue (of their exertions). Thereupon the 
king of ilie l<.aruj>lias, out of friendship, 
rushed (to the rescue of chekitana, 

33. And that hero invincible in battle 
seeing Chekitana hi that plight, placed him 
on his car before the very eyes of all the 

34« So also, O ruler of men, your heroic 
brother-in-law Sukani, quickly took up un 
his chariot that foremost of car-w.Arriors 
namely the son of Gotami. 

35. Thereafter Dhristaketu endued with 
great strength, waxing wroth, pierced, O 
king, the son of Somadatta, on the breast, 
with ninety shafts. 

36. The son of Somadatta, O mighty 
monarch, with those arrows stuck on his 
breast, appeared highly beautiful like the 
mid-day sun covered with its own rays. 

37. Then in that conflict, Bhnrisravas 
deprived the mighty car- warrior Dhrista- 
ketu (of the use) of his cl ariot, Imving 
slain its steeds and driver uitti excellent 

38. Beholding him deprived of his car 
in conseqiicnceof its driver and steeds being 
slain, Somadatta's son covered him in the 
battle with a thick shower of arrows. 

39. Then, O sire, deserting that car of 
his, the high-minded Dhristaketu ascended 
the vehicle belonging to Satanika. 

40. Then, O monarch, Chitrasena, 
Vikama, and Durmersana, all eood car- 
warriors, clad in armours of gold, rashed 
against the son of Subhadra. 

41. Then a dreadful combat ensued be* 
Iween Abhimanyu and these waniors, 


I that resembled. O king, the fi^hi between 
I the body and its three liuinours vtB wtttd, 
bile, and phlegm. 

42. Depriving, O monarch, your sons 
of their chariot, in that great battle, that 
foremost of men, Abhimanyu did not slay 
them recollecting the words of Bhima. 

43 — 45. There after as the battle raged, 
the son of ICunii (Arjuna) owning* white 
steeds, beholding Bhisina who was .uncon- 
querable even by the celeltials themse!v4|e 
in battle and who was supported by many 
thousands king proceed to rescue your sons 
from Abhimanyu — a mere boy, though 
a mighty car-waraior still alone — adressed 
these words to the son o] Vasudeva. \*0 
Hrishikesha, urge the steeds to the spot 
where those numerous warriors are. 


46. O Madhava, so guide the steeds 
that these numerous heroes irrepressible in 
battle and ail accomplished in the use aC 
weapons, may not slay our troops." 

47. Thus spoken to by Kunti's son o( 
immeasurable prowess, he of the Vri^hni 
race drove in the thick of the battle thiU 
car to which were yoked ^hite steeds. . ' * 

48. When wrought up with wrath 
Arjuna rushed against your army, O Sirv, 
a tremendous uproar was set up hy your 

49. The son of Kunti then having appro*, 
ached those monarchs protected by Bhisma 
himsrlf, addressing, O king, Susarmail/ 
spoke these words to him : — 

50. "I know you to be one of the fore- 
most in battle ; your enmity for us in day* 
gon9 by, was also implacable. Ti}-day, reap 
the mortal fruit of that wicked behaviouc 
cf yours. 

51 — 53. To-day I shall transport you tp 
your grand-sires who had long being dwel* 
ing in the regions of the dead." Hearing^ 
these insulting words spoken by that sla}er 
of foes namely Vibhatsu, Susarman, tlie 
commander of a car-division spoke liOthin^g 
well or ill in reply. 

53. Surrounded by innumerable mo« 
narchs. he attacked the heroic Arjuria frocvi 
all sides, namely in the from, in the rear 
and in the two flanks. 

54. O sinless one, encircling Arjuna \n 
that battle, Susarman along with your sons 
covered the former with arrows* like clouds 
covering the orb of the day. 

• 55* 'l*hen commenced a s;inguinary en- 
gagement between your^ and tho^ 
of the Paiid^v;fls. in winch blood tl^wed U]|# 
streams of water. > 



(^HtSMA-BADHA PAKVA)— Cdn^rf. 

&iijaya said :— 

1. Then Ihte highty powerful DiiJinan- 
Sifj'* ^wounded with iHosc krrows, breathing 
lik^ tk trodden snake, forcfbly cut off, in that 
i>attle» the bow^ rtf tho^ mighty car- 
Warriors, discharging rfhaft after ^iSFt. 

». Within a moment having severed the 
%6w»ol tho-^eWgWy power M monarchs in 

the tattle, O long/ that Uhistrious hero 
**eit^g his mnid upon their destruction 

began to |^eree thtrm simulcaneoosly with 

his arrows. 

. Z, Woimded by 4he son W Saki» 
(ASuna), O lBiag« Ihey ToHed on t»he field 
wclleriop ii^ t^ieir Uood* with their bodies 
mutilated, their heads severed their 
imwours sHatttred iKiid t^ir lives taken out 
0t iHein. 

4. Many, of them affficted with the arrows 
shot by the son of Pritha (Arjuna)» fell down 

.^nthe earth ; and uiKleqiroing^vierse contor- 

/fO0ft simultaneously gave up their Jives. Be- 

f>c>^ling tbose prinoes ^lain in baule, the 

ruler of the Trig^tta^ proceeded (10 

ba(tle) riding on his own car. 

5. Tlicfn thirty-two of rh6se cv-warrfers, 

^pnHrttrng -hi!* (Trigarta king's) rear, rushed 

^ 'the son of Pritha. Thereafter those 

'Warriors endrded Pritha^s son and drawing 

their bows emittings fierce twangs, 

4. Covered the latter with m thick 
slower of arrows,] iKt as okMids charged iwilh 
.r«.*m dlTf^nch wntb showers of their contents 
the m^iuntein breast. AJticted with tliat 
jhower of ^row% I>hMiafi^aya infl^imed 
with r^ige in that battle, 

7. With sixty shafts, cleansed wfth oil, 
slew all those warriors protecting the rear of 

* tlie T» iijartta king. Var^uishing tliose sixty 
CAr^Avarriors inbattle. nlled with delight, 
the illustrious Dhananjaya^ 

8. Ever-attended with victory, hied to 
slay 'B*i)^i« / hav'n^ s^atn tlmt dhrisien of 
kir^s. The king ef the Trigarttas behold- 
ing those mi^ Sty car-warrio^, his friends 

. 9. S|»eedily advanced Inwards the 

s^n x>( Pritha in order lu slay hitfi. (f^gkcing 

. if), ii is front a large nu»nh«r i>f ki«t|!< Re* 

hulUing th-it foremost ot tlnise versrd in ibe 

i^rJl'J^iLliL"^^"/-^''' fc^'''^ ^^' I ^ ^^ ^npons, namely CHmnnnjaya, rtu# 
T^u^' *#ftiy«y Afjukn «hi/ SusarmmH. assailed, the Pandava. warriors lieaded by 
tn th0 Bhtsma-badha •/ ike m^m^ Parva. \ Sikhandin, iicaocu i^ 

10. Grasping in their hand wefl-sharp- 
ehed weapons, rushed in battle d«;s»fx>iis ol 
protecting tfre car of Arjuna. Behofdrng 
tho*e royal heroes accompanied by the Tri- 
gartta king make towards himself, tlic son 
of Pritha, 

11. That Hercc bowman, destroyed 
Ihem in battle, with arrows of exceeding 
sharpness shot from the Gandiva bow. De- 
sirous of encountering Bhisina in battle, 
phananja3a then observed many kings 
including Diu-yodhana and the ruler of tlie 

t2 — 13. Then that highly |x>weKul and 
wonderfully -intellig'^nt hero of infoiite 
prowess and great energy, fighting with 
ihem for a moment only and cheeking them, 
and then avoinding the king (Duryodhana) 
aud Jayadrailw) and others, proceeded to- 
wards the son of Ganga, holding in his hands 
his bow and his arrows. Then the illustrioms 
Yudhistliira of, fierce prowess, excited -with 
wrath "Speedily rushed to ihe'battle. 

14. Avoiding in battle the rbler bf the 
Madras of infinite renown who was allotted 
to his share and who was bis Iciiismen, 
Yudhisthira accompanied by the sons'Madri 
aikl also by Bliimasena, -proceeded, desirous 
of battle, toward 6hbma the son of Sawtanu. 

15. Though assailed in batde by all the 
sons of P;4ndu, all mighty car-warriors uni- 
ted in a body, the son of Samanu begotten 
npon Ganga, that high-souled warrior verg- 
ed in all tnodes of warfare, flinched not k\ 
the least. 


1 6. Then king Jayadmtha, highly in- 
telligent and endued with great strength, 
and never falling in his aims in battle, ad- 
vancing upon those mighty car* warriors 
forcibly severed titeir bows by means ^ h is 
own efccellent bow. 

17. Then the illustrious Duryodhana. hav- 
ing anger for his poison, waxing wrath in 
battle, wounded Yudhisthira. Bliima, Arjuna, 
and the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) with 
arrows resplendent like fire itself. 

18. Pierced with arrows shot by Kripct, 
Salya, Sala and Chitrasena, O i|>aster. the 
Pandava brothers excited to the highest pitc,K 
of fury, resembled the celestials woundeit 
uith arrows shot by the united hosts of die 

\g. Beholding- Sikhandin with his bow 
wvered by the royal son of San»inu, the, 
ilhi<itrious Aiatasatni (Yudhisthira) waxing^ 
wruih, angrily said ibcste words to -ttie 



50. '* Having said to me even before 
your fathcrr tliese words vi«, — ' / «•// sloy 
yetth my showers of arrows of the efful- 
gence ef ike resplendent sttn^ Bhisma of 
gre€t$ wows, Thts I say fottforsooih^' — you 
made a promise. 

21. You have not redeemed that promise 
of yours, in as much as you have not yet 
slain Devavrata in battle. O hero, be 
not of a man of empty promises. Preserve 
your virme, yqur race and your fame. \ 

22. Behold Bhishma of tremendous in- ; 
petuosity falling upon my host of troops ) 
destroying it with a shower of arrows of j 
excessive effulgence, like the Destroyer him- ^ 
seff destroying e%'erytliing in a moment, 

23. Having your bow severed, shunning 
the fight, vanquisheci by the royal son of 
Santanu, whither are you going forsaking 
your friends and your uterine brothers T this 
does not be6t yoa. 

24. Beholding Bhbma of infinite prowess 
and seeing this army broken and routed, 
O son of Drupada, you are indeed seized 
with panic, in as much as your countenance 
has assmned a pallid hue. 

25. But, behold, O hero Dhananjaya 
has engaged in dreadful fight with Bhisma 
even without your knowledge. Celebrated 
through out the world, why to-day, O hero 
are yom afraid of Bhisma ? " 

26. Hearing this hard- worded speech 
fuH of instrucfiona delievered by the very 
virtuoui king Yudhisthira, that high-souled 
hero Sikhandtn considering it to be good 
GDunsel, hastened.O bring about the 
•laughter of Bht&iaa. 

27. When Sikhandin had been thus ad- 
vancing with great momentum to fall upon 
Bhisma, Salya checked him with a weapon 
direadful and difllkuU of being b%ffled. 

28. Beholding that weapon efhilgefl^ like 
Ihe fire that appears at the Yuga*send 
(for destroying the world) shot at him, the 
son of Drupada, of prowess resembling that 
of th^great Indra, was not at all confound- 

29. On |he other hand,, that fierce bow- 
man stood there resisting that weapon with 
numerous arrows. Thereafter Sikhnndin 
fixed on Kis bow-string the Varuna weapon 
that was capable of counteracting (the fiery 
weapon of Salya). 

30 — 31. Tl e celestials in the heavens and 
the rulers of the earth.all b^eld that weapon 
(fiery dart of Salya) baffled by Sikhandtn *s 
(Varuna) arrow. In that battle, O king, \ 
the hi^h-sottlcd and heroic Bhisma also • 
lUirrctf his war*cry ba^ng cut off the bow ; 
and wonderfully variegated standard of the \ 
c^oal Hon oi Pandn vrz YudhtsKthira of the | 

Ajamid;^ race. Th#raup^ s#eifiy YiK^his- 
ihira overwhelmed with fear, leaving aside 
his bow and his arrow;s, 

32—33. And grasping a mace, Bhima* 
tena rushed on foot against Jayadratha in 
that battle. Then Jayadratha -s'nnuiuoe- 
ously pierced Bbimas^na who ^^% thus 
furious^ rushing at hjm with a mace in liao^ 
with ^v^ hi^nored sharp -pointed terribl^^ 
8hafts,each resembling the mace of tlie l]^e»- 
troyer himself. Without paying the least 
h^ed to those arrows, the highly acti\^e 
Vrikodara with heart burning in wrath, 

34 — 35* Slew in that battle all the steeds 
of the king of the Shindhus, steeds tliat 
resemblea (in speed) pegion^ tHemselveft. 
Then your son Chitrasena of unequalled ' 
pro^Mess and resembling the sovereign of the 
celestials himself, beholding Bhishmasena, 
rushed to battle with ^ view to slay thf 
latter, riding s^ft on hi^ car and with wea— , 
pons raised over head, pliioiasena al^Q. 
roaring and uttering his war-cry, rushia^ 
again^ him m^ce in han^. 

36. Beholding that mace, resembling the 
mace of D^^th htms^jf, t})us raised overhead 
(by dhima)i cverv one of the Kiirti war- 
riors, eager to ^vpi^ jts fall| deserting thf 
van of your son, 

J\j, Fled in all directions, in that cop- 
nding dreadful and ruthless crush of com- ' 
batants. O Bharata, your son Chitrasen^ 
beholding that mighty mace course towards 
him, was not confounded at heart. 

38. Grasping a resplendent sword and • 
a buckler, Chitrasena leaving his car s^t\^ ; 
jumping down from it on level ground tike 

I a lion jumping down from the crest of a 
' cliff, stood on hb legs on tho field of the ' 

39. Meanwhile that mace falling upon 
that beautiful car with its steeds and efii- 
phants, crushed it in battle, and fell on the' 

' ground Uke a blaxing and fierce meteo* 
' dropping down from the skies. 

I 40. Seeing that very wonderful feat 

! achieved by your son), your warriors, O 

Bharata, were filled with delight ; land they 

unitedly uttered their war-cries and began 

to praise your son. 

Thus fnis the eighty-iixih chapter, the 
I breaking of Chitrasena* s c^r,i^\ \e BhismS'-f 
ba4ha ^ th^ ^hisn^a Far^i. 




Sanjaya said :— 

^ T. Approncliing the highly intelligent 
Chiirasena who had been deprived o? his 
car, your son Vikarna picked him up on 
1)15 own chariot. 

2. When that dreadful and confoundine 
battle was thujj raging, Santanu's son 
Bhisina quickly rushed against Yudhis- 

3- Then the Sri njayas with their cars, 
elephants and steeds, be.eran to quake (with 
te«n ; and ihey regrarded Yudhisthira to be 
inside the jaws of Death. 

4. On the other hand, that descendant 
Of Kiiru s race.that lord Yudhisthira, united 
with his two twin brothers (Nakula and 
^>aiiadeva), encountered that foremost of 
men, that fierce bowman namely Bhisma. 
the son of Santanu. 

• 5. Thereafter that son of Pandu shooting 
in- that battle thousan Is of arroA^s, covered 
Blushnn, like clouds covering the orb of 
the day. 

^6. Those arroxvs duly discharged bv 
Vudh,stl„ra, the son of Ganga receivei 
in disimct sets of hundreds and thousands. 

^1: ^^l^\?' ^''^' ^ net-work of arrows 
woven by Bhima was seen in the heavens 

tKi'^s?^ ^ ' ""^ '"'""'" '^"^"^^ ^^^'•^"g*^ 

5. In half a wink's time, Bhisma the 
sen of Sanunu. in that battle made the son 

t\^uT\'' '^•"^PP^y '" battle, covering him 
with distinct seta of arrows. 

.9. Thereat king Yudhisthira inflamed 
With rage, sped at that hieh-souled 

flT u^'a ""^ '\^ ^"''"^' ^ Naracha that 
resembled a snake of virulent venom. 

lo. Then in that battle. O king, the 
inighty car-warrior Bhisma, with a razor- 
sharp arrow, cut off that Narach dis- 
Charche^ from the bow of Yudhisthira. 
even before it could reach him. 

J\u J"m^^^ ^''^^^^ Bhisma, having cut 
off that Naracha that resembled the Des- 
troyer himself, slew the steeds caparisoned 
with golden ornaments, of that foremost of 
the Kurus (Yudhisthira). 

12. Leaving his car the steeds of which 
were slain, Yudhisthira the son of Dharma, 

?Jakula ^'''''^^^^ ^^^ ^^'' ^^ ^'^« high-souled 

^f'^il T/'^^^^tcr Bhisma that conqueror 
of hostile fortresses, excited with wrath, ^ 

approjicliing ihe twins in battle, covered 
them with numerous s»lia«is. 

14. Then O mighty mo >;<rch, beholdinif 
the twins thus afflicted'with the arrows sliot 
by Bhisma, Yudhisthira began to rofleci 
anxiously, desirous of finding out a 
for the death of Bhisma. 

15. Thereafter, O king, Yudhisthira 
urged the kings on his side and his relatives, 
saying •• Uniting together do you all slay 
Bhisma the son of Santanu." 

16. Then hearing the command of 
Pritha'sson,all the rulers of earth surround- 
ed the grand-sire with a mighty host of 

17. Thus encircled, your failier Dtv.i- 
vrata played with his bow'and arrows felling, 
O king, numerous mighty car-warriors. 

18. The sons of Pritha then beheld that 
foremost of the Kurus, career on the field 
of battle, like a lion -cub in the woods 
amidst a herd of deer. 

19. Beholding him utter loud war-cries 
in battle and frighten heroes with his - 
shafts, O monarch, the Panda va warriors 
were seized with terror, like a herd of deer 
at the sight of a lion. 

20. Then the Kshatriyas, in that battle, 
beheld the movements of that foremost of 
the Bharatas, resemble the movements of 
fire aided by a strong wind, when it con- 
sumes a heap of straw. 

21. Then in that battle Bhisma felled 
the heads of car-warriors like expert 
men felling ripe palm-fruits from their 

22. As tho««e heads, O mij^hty monarch, 
fell down on the surface of the earth, a 
great noise was produced like that of a 
shower of stones. 

23. As that dreadful and fierce battle 
raged, a great a confusion set in, O king^. 
among all the ranks of the soldiers. 

24. When the arrays were thus shattered 
by Bhisma, the Kshatriyas challenging 
one another encountered one another for 

25. Sikhandin approaching the grand- 
sire of the Bharatas, assailed him with 
Vehemence saying 'stay'. 

26. Then Bhisma remembering the 
femininity ol Sikandin, and for that reason 
neglecting him in battle, rushed against 
the Srinjayas. 

27, . Thereupon the Srinjayas. beholjdingr 
Bhisma in that battle, were filled with de- 
light and they uttered numerous war-cries 
that beoame mingled with the blare of the 



'58. Then, O lord, wl»cn the sun was on 
the western side of the meridian, tltere com- 
menced a battle in which car-warriors and 
elephant -riders encountered one another. 

29. Then Dhristadyumna the prince of 
the Panchalas, and also the mighty car- 
warrior Satyaki, began to torment your 
troops with showers of Saktis and Tomaras. 

30. They also, O monarch, slew in battle 
your warriors witli innumerable shafts. O 
foremost of men, your troops, though thus 
smitten down in battle, 

31. Did not desert the fight having 
formed a laudable determination (to fight to 
the last); and those foremost of car-warriors 
began to slay (the hostile troop) to the best 
of their energies. 

32. Then, O monarch, a loud cry of 
agony was set up by your high-souled 
warriors as they were slain by the illus- 
trious son of Pi isata. 

33. Hearing that distressful cry 
uttered by your troop, Vinda and Anu* 
vinda of the Avanti country, both mighty 
car-wrriors, rushed to encounter the son of 

34. Then those mighty car-warriors 
bibth endued with great activity, slaying 
the steeds of Prisata's son, shrouded him 
with a shower of arrows. 

35. Thereupon that mighty car- warrior 
tlie Panchala prince quickly jumping down 
his car. ascended with agility the chariot of 
the highly illustrious Satyaki. 

36. Thereupon king Yudisthira sur- 
rounded by a mighty division of troops 
rushed to those two afflicters of foes viz the 
princes of Avanti both inflamed witii wrath. 

37. So also, O sire, your sons putting 
forth all their energies, remained in battle 
surrounding Vinda and Anuvinda. 

38. In that battle Arjunaalso inflamed with 
many wrath fought with many best of 
kshatriyas like the wielder of the thunder- 
bolt fighting against the Asuras. 

39. Drona also, that well-wisher of your 
son, excited with wrath began to consume 
all the Panchalas like fire consuming a heap 
of cotton. 

40. Your sons, O ruler of men, headed 
by Ouryodhana himself surrounding Bhis- 
ma, fought on with the Pandavas. 

41. Then, O Bharata, when the lustrous 
orb assume J a crimson hue, king Duryo- 
dhana addressing all your warriors said, 
"make hasten :" 

. 4a. When they thus fought on achieving 
feats difficult of being accomplished, the 
sun beine lost tp the sight ascended the 
western hills. 

43. Then in a moment, towards nightfall, 
a dreadful river surging with billows of 
blood infested b}' packs of jackals, began to 
flow accross the field of battle. 

44. Then the field of battle assumed a 
dreadful sight abounding as at did with 
the spirits of the dead and the ominous 
jackals howling ^hediou&ly). 

45- Rakshasas, and Pisachas and other' 
feeders on flesh were seen on all sides by 
hundreds and by thousands. 

46. Arjuna having conquered the kings 
headed by Susarman along with their 
followers, proceeded through the divisions 
towards his own tent. 

47. That descendant of the Kuru race, 
vie the lord Yudhisthira also proceeded, O 
king, surrounded by his troops and accom- 
panied by his brothers, towards his own 
tent at the advent of night. 

48. Bhimsena also, O foremost of kings 
having vanquished in battle the kings, all 
good car-warriors, headed by Duryodhana 
himself, retired to his own camp. 

49. In that great battle also, king Our- 
yodhana surround iug Bliisma the son of 
Santanu, speedily proceed towarded his own 

50. Drona and his son, Kripa and Salya 
and Kritavarman of the Satwata race, 
bringing up the rear of the whole host of the 
Kurus, wended towards their respective 

51. So also, O monarch, Satyaki and 
Prisata's son Dhrishtadyumna having slain 
many warriors in the battle proceeded to- 
wards their tents. 

52. Thus, O mighty monarch, your war- 
riors as aUo those of :he Pandavas, all chas- 
tisers of tlieir enemies, returned to their en- 
campments when the shades of night had 
fallen on this earth. 

53. Then, O mighty monarch, the Pan- 
davas and the Kurus repairing near their 
respective encampments entered them ex- 
changing greetings with one another. 

54. Then duly arranging for scouts and 
out-posts and for protecting their persons, 
and drawing out the arrows from their 
bodies and having bathed in various waters, 

55. And being praised by the ministrels 
and bard^ and arranging for the perform- 
ance of benedictory rites, those illustiious 
heroes then began to sport accompani- 
ed by song^ and sounds of musical instru- 

56. For a short while only did that scene 
resemble paradise itself, and those foremost 
of mortals for a while desisted from uUcing 
of the battle. 



. 57. When those two nrmtej, abounding 
in elephants and steeds and inen exhausted 
with fatigue, were lulled in the arms of sleep 
O king, they indeed presented a charming 

Thus inds the eighty -seventh chapter, 
ih€ withdrawal of the troops after the 
seirenth da/s fifrht, in the Bhisma-badha 
of the Bhisma Parva, 




Sanjaja said :— 

1. Having passed that night and having 
enjoyed a peaceful slumber, those rulers of 
men belonging to the hosts of the Kurus 
and the Pandavas, again marched out for 

2. Then a tremendous din was created 
by those two hosts when they marched out 
£6r baftle, — din that resembled the uproar 
of the ocean itself. 

3. Thereupon king Duryodhana, Chitra- 
sena, Vivinsaii, ^hi^ma the foremost of all 
car-warrtors, the son of Bharadwaja endued 
with prowess, 

4. These mighty carrwarriors of the 
Kaurava host clad in mail and united to- 
gether and with great care, formed, O king, 
Bie battle-array of th^ir troops against those 
of the Pandavas. 

5. Your sire Bhisma, O ruler of men, 
formed a mighty array resembling the 
dreadful ocean itself, having for its waves 
and currents the vehicles (of the war- 

6. Then Bhisma the son of Santanu 
marched out in the van of all the troops, 
supported by the Malavas, the Southerners 
and Avantyas. 

7. behind him cam^ the son of Bharad- 
waja endued with prowess, being supported 
by the Pulindas, the Kshudrakas and the 

S. Aftpr Dronfi marclied Bhagadatta 
endued with great prowess and ^et^rmined 
(to tight to the last), being supported by 
the Magadhas, the Kalingas, and the Pisa- 
chas, Oruler of men. 

,p. ^{\^r Bhaead^tta, ^ame Vrihadvala 
the ruler of the TCosalas, being supported 
by the Melftl^as, ,the Tripura^ and the Chi- 

W Aift^r Vrihadvala ps^me the hcrojc 
Trigartta, the ruler df Prasthala, accom- 


panied by numerous Kamvojas and thou 
sands of Yavan;^s. 

11. After Trigartta, O BharaU, the vali- 
ant son of Orona rushed to battle, resound- 
ing the earth with his war-cries- 

12. After the son of Drona proceeded 
king Duryodhana accompanied by the 
whole army and surrounded by his uterine 

13. After Puryodhana marched Kripa, 
the son of Saradwata. Thus marched out 
the mighty array that resembled the ocean 

14. In that array, O lord, streamers, 
white umbrellas, precious armours of won- 
derful workmansiup, and many bows» shone 

15. Seeing that mighty array of your 
warriors, the mighty car-uarrior Yudhistuira 
speedily addressing Pris^ta's son, the gener 
alissimo of his army said these words. 

16. * Behold, Q mighty bowman, this 
array of troops already formed, resembling 
the very ocean ; O son of Prisat^,, i^ithout 
loss of time, do you also arrange yom 
troops in counter-array. " 

17. Thereupon, O mighty raonarcVr, the 
valiant son of Prigata formed the dread* 
ful array known as Sringatakq that is 
capable of penetrating through the hostile 


iS. In its two horns was placed Bhima- 
sena and the mighty car-warriof Satyaki, 
supported by many thousands of car- war-' 
riors and cavalry and infantry. 

19. In its navel was the ape-bannere4 
Arjuna owning white steeds ; ^nd O fore- 
most of men, in its middle was king 
Yudliisihira and the sons of Pandu begoUen 
upon Madri. 

20. Other mighty bowmen, all rulers of 
earth, and verse^ in the art of forming 
arrays with their troop filled up that array. 

2r. Abhimanyu ap^ the mighty car- 
warrior Virata, the sons of Draup^di. and 
the Rakshasa Ghatotkacha were comman- 
ded to bring up the rear. 

22. Thus, O Bharata, forming this 
mighty array, the heroic sons of Pandu 
occupied the field anxiously longing for 
battle and for victory. 

23. Loud noise of the drums, mingled 
with the blare of conchs atid the slapping 
of the armpits and the war-cries and shouts 
of the warriors, became dreadful, and filled 
all the quarters of heaven. 

24. Thus those heroes, O king, encoun- 
tering pne another in battle, gazed at ona 
another with winkless e^'cs. 



25. Then, O foremost of men, challeng- 
ing one another by their appellations, the 
Warriors became en^ag«d with one another. 

26. There raged a fierce and frightening 
battle betweeen your warriors and tliose 
of the enemy, as they smote down one 

27. Wbetted lon^ shafts, O Bharata, 
began to rain on all sides of •tl>e field of 
battle,' like dreadful reptiles witJi mouths 
wide open. 

26. Resplendent darts cleansed with oil 
and shot with great force, began to fall, 
O king, like flasliing forks of lighteniiig 
from the clouds. 

29. Maces, covered uHth shining pieces 
of cloth and decked with gold were seen to 
fall on -the field like so many beautiful crests 
of mountains. 

30. Swords resplendent like the clear 
blcie aky, glittered tliere. Bucklers made of 
bull's hide and decorated with hundred 
moons, O Bharata, 

31. Falling on aU sides« appeared beauti- 
ivi, O king. O ruler of men, when the two 
armies fought with each other in that battlei 

39. They appeared beautiful like the 

hosts oif the celestials and the Daityas en- 

,f aged with one anotker <in days j^one by). 

From all sides they rushed against one 

another jn that battle. 

3;^ Excellent royal car-warriors rushing 
against their antagonist car- warriors fought 
on in that dreadful battle having the yokes 
of their chariots entangled with one another. 

34. 'On all sides, O foremost of the Bharn- 
tas, were seen scintieations of fire mixed with 
smoke emitted from the tusks of elephants 
in consequence of friction, as they fought on 
with one another. 

35. Some elephant-warriors struck down 
with Prasas, falling on the ground appeared 
like mountaint-rees 'overthrown -from th? 

36. Heroic foot-«oldiers of diverse ap- 
pearance were seen to slay one another and 
to battle with lances that looked like their 

37. The combatants of the Kuru and 
tlie Pandava troops neaping «ne another, 
began to despatch one another to tlie re- 
gkms of D^ath, witii arrows of diverse 

38. Thereafter Bhisma the son of San - 
ts|mi, rustled against the Pandava host, 
filling the heavens with the clatter of his 
car and confounding tlje enemic:* with the 
twaitg of his bow. 

\ 39. The car-'WarriOTs of the Pandava 
host also setting up a dread htl noise, ruslte4 
towards Bhisma, firmly resolved to fight and 
headed by Dhristadyumna himself. 

40. Then, O Bharata, raged the battle 
between your as well as the ei>emy's troop<!, 
consisting of men, steeds, cnrs and elephants 
— battle in which the combatanis becanie 
entangled with one another. 

Thus ends the eighty ^eighth chapitP, the 
commencement of the eighth, day's combat, 
in the Bhisma'badha of the Bhisms i^arv^* 

(BHISMA. BADHA PARVA) i-^^onid. 

Sacjaya said :— 

1. The Pandavas were unable to look at 
Bitisma burning like the solar disc, when 
in!fianied with wrath he ruslied to (the thick 
of the) fight. 

2. Thereafter the whole army, hy the 
order of tite son of Dharma, rushed against 
the son of Ganga when the latter was 
wounding them with wht^ted slt^iiDs^ 

3. But Bliisma ever protfd in battif, 
began to fell with his rshafts, the jSoma^kaa, 
tfie Srin^yas and 4he Panchalas, aJI 
mighty wielders of the bow. 

4. I'hough thus slaughtered by Bhisma, 
the PanchaJas with the Somakas Impetuoua* 
ly rushed against Bhisipa, abandoning all 
fear of death. 

5. Then that foremost 4)f car- warriors 
namely Bhisnwi the son of San tan u, in that 
baule. O king, cut oif the arms and heads 
of all those combatants. 

6. Your sire Devavrata deprived car- 
warri€>rs of their car ; afid tl>e heads cf 
horse-soldiers fell fast as they rode on theif 

7. We also beheld, O mighty monarcl r 
elephants deprived of their riders and iailen 
on the filled like so fnany hills and al^o 
paralysed by the weapons of Bhishma. 

8. Not a sin>(le person of the "Pandava 
host remained there on tlie field of bfttle, 
except, O ruler of man tliat foremost iA 
car-warriors namely -Bhiniasena endufd 
with great prowesss. 

;9r— 'JO. Encountering Bhisma in battle, 
Bhima began to resist die former ; a dread- 
ful, fierce and deafening uproar arose 
among all the t4X)op8 a^heci /Bhinia and 
Bhisma thus encountered each anptlver. 
Thereupon the Paadav^pis^gre^iil/ deli|^ited 
roared 0141 ii»eir war-cri^. 



II. Thereupon king; Duryodhana sur- 
rniinded by his uterine brotliers, protected 
HhinniA when that battle destructive of 
cre;4tures was raging furiously. 

13. Then that foremost of car- warriors 
Btiima, slew the charioteer of Bliisma ; 
thereupon tbe steeds having none to check 
them ran away dragging tlie chariot. 

13. Then that sUyer of enem es, Bhirna, 
mith an arrow of the sh^pe of Imrse-shoe 
And of exceeding sharpness, cut off quickly 
the head of Sunabha ; and the latter fell 
down on the ground. 

14. When that mighty car- warrior that 
6erce bowman namely your son Sunabha 
was vlain in battle. O Sire, his other seven 
uterine brothers, all brave heroes, could 
0of brook it in battle. 

15. Adityaketu, Vahvasin, Kunda- 
dliara, Mohadnra Aparajiia. Panditaka, and 
Vishalaksha, all difficult of being conquered 
i I battle, 

16. These seven grinders of foes, clad in 
coats of mail and owning wonderlul armours 
and weapons, rushed to battle against the 
ik>n ol Pandu, desirous of fighting with 

17. Then in that battle, Mahendra 
pierced Bhima with nine winged shafts re- 
•embling the thunder-bolt itself, like the 
flayer of Vritra piercing Namuchi (in the 
days of yore)^ 

18. Adityaketu pierced Bhima with 
seventy shafts, Vahvasin with five, Kunda- 
dhara with ninety and Vishalaksha with 

19. Tliat conqueror of foes, namel)' 
Aparajita himself, O mighty monarch, 
that mighty -car warrior, pierced the highly- 
powerful Bhimasena, with innumerable 

2<i. Panditaka pierced Bhima with 
three simfts in that battle. But Bhima did 
not tolerate these wounds inflicted by his 
enemie:> in that battle. 

21. Then that grinder of foes (Bhima) 
pressing his bow with his left hand, with a 
iiaight-knotted shaft cut i/ff m that battle, 
the head of 

33. Your son Aparajita, graced with 
a well-formed nose. When he was thus 
conquered by Bhima, his head fell down on 
the ground, 

33. Then the former, with another 
broad-headed shaft, despatched the mighty 
car-warrior Kutidadhara to the region of 
Death, even before the very eyes of the 

24. Then that one of immeasurable soul ( 
(Bhima), placing on his bow-string another I 

shaft, sped it, O Bharata. against Pandi- 
taka in that battle. 

55. That shaft slaying Panditaka pene- 
trated into the earth, even as a serpent 
urged by fate, enters the earth having 
bitten a person whose hour has come. 

26. Thereafter that generous-hearted 
hero, ruler of earth, remembering the 
woe he (with his brothers) had to undergti, 
cutting^ off with three shafts the head of Vi- 
shalaksha felled it' on the ground. 

27. He also pierced tfie mighty car- 
warrior Mahendra with a long shaft between 
his breasts, and q king, (thus stricken), the 
latter fell down dead on the ground. 

28. Severing the umbrella of Adityaketu 
with a sliaft, Bhima cut down the former*** 
head, O Bharata, with a broad-headed 
arrow of exceeding sharpeness. 

29. Therealter infl.mied with rage, with 
a straight- knotted shaft Bhima despatched 
Vahvasin to the abode of Death. 

30. 'J'hen O ruler of men, the rest of 
your sons fled away in all directions, consi- 
dering that the words he had uttered in tlie 
assembly -hall to be true. 

31 . Thereupon king Duryodhana, afflicts 
ed with the calamity that had befallen litl 
brothers, commanded his troops sayincr^ 
•' Slay this Bhima." 

32. Thus, O ruler of men, your sons, al- 
excellent bow- men, beholding their brothers 
slain, remembered the words, 

33. Salutary and wholesome, that the 
wonderfully- wise Kshatiya had said. Those 
words of that true speaking one has now 
been realised, . 

34. Words, beneficial and true, to which 
you paid no heed in past days, bein^ 
possessed by covetousness and folly, is 
also, O lord of wealth, by the affection for 
your sons. 

35. From the way in which that hero 
(Bhima) of long-arms is slaying the Kan- 
ravas, it may be asserted that, tliat mighty 
son of Pandu has surely taken his birth for 
the destruction of your sons. 

36. Thereafter king Duryodhana po^« 
sessed with overwhelming grief, approached 
Bhisma, and O Sire,' began tolamdnt before 
him in great sorrow. 

37. *My heroic brothers have all been 
slain in battle by Bhimasena ; and oth6r 
soldiers, though striving their best to resist 
him, are all being slain and slaughtered. 

38. Tliough you are always in our 
midst, )et you always negtect us. Alast 
what a wrong crtnrsc have i taken ! Behold 
my evil Destmy I' 

■hisma parva. 


gaigaya said :— 

39. Hearing this, your father Devavrata, 
inflamed with rage, said these words to 
Suyodhana. with his eyes overflowing witli 

Bhisma said :— 

40. * Even this had been said before by 
myself, by Drona, by Vidura and by the 
illustrious lady Gandhari. But tlien, O sire, 
you did not pay any heed to it. 

41. O Grinder of foes, 1 have made 
arrangements with you that, neither myself 
nor the preceptor Drona shail survive this 

42. I tell you truly that, every one of 
the host of DhriUrastra whom Bhima will 
meet in battle, he will slay in fight. 

43. Therefore, O king, with all your 

E alienee, and forming a firm resolution for 
attle, do you fight with the sons of Pritha, 
looking upon paradise as your final goal. 

44. The sons of Pandu cannot be van- 
fruished even by the celestials headed by 
Indra himself. Therefore, OBharata, form- 
ing a firm determination for fight, do you 
fight on (with the Pandavas). 

Thus $nds the eighty-ninth chapter, 
the slaughter of Adityaketu and others, in 
the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma Parva. 


Dhritarastra said :— 

1. Seeing my sons, so many in number, 
slain by one, what, O Sanjaya, did, Bhisma 
Drona, and Kripa do ? 

2. Day by day, O Sanjaya, my sons are 
being destroyed. Indeed O Suta, I con- 
sider them to be completely struck down by 
(Evil) Destiny. 

3 — ^5. In as much as, my sons are never 
victorious and are ever vanquished in battle, 
in a.s much as my sons remaining amidst, 
Drona, Bhisma, the illustrious Kripa. and 
the heroic son of Somadatta, and Bhaga- 
datta, and O son, Aswathama, and many 
orther heroic and valiant worriors of high- 
soul, are still slaughtered in battle, what can 
it be but (adverse) Fate ? 

6. The wicked Duryodhana did not 
listen to our advise before. Forbidden, O 
ion by myself, by Bhisma, by Vidura, 

7. By his mother Gandhari ever anxious 
to compass his good, that perverse Diiryo- 
dliana did not comprehend our words be- 

fore, through his folly. Now he reaps the 
fruits of his own actions, 

8. In as much as, day by day, waxing 
wroth in battle, Bhimasena is despatching 
my sons to the abode of death. 

Sanjaya said :— 

9. Those excellent words of Khattwa, 
have now been verified, which, O lord, 
uttered as they were for your good, you did 
not pay any heed to before. * 

10. ' Withhold your sons from the dice, * 
do not persecute the sons of Pandu', — these 
words, spoken by your well-wishing friends, - 

11. You did not listen to, like one onr 
death -bed neglecting wholesome medicine. 
It is now that you realise those words spoken 
by the righteous. 

12. Disregarding the salutary advices 
offered by well-wishing friends like Bhisma j 
Drona, Vidura and others, the descendants 
of the kuru race are reaping destruction. 

13. Now, O monarch, the inevitable con- 
sequence of all that has arrived. Listen now 
from me as to how the battle was fought. 

14. At mid-day, O king, the battle raged 
fiercely and the carnage that took place was 
exceedingly terrible. Hear me narrate it. 

15. Then at the command of the son of 
Dharma ^Vudhisthira), all the troops of the 
Pandava host inflamed with rage, rushed, 
against Bhisma, out of a desire for slaying 

16. Dhristadyumna, Sikhandin and the. 
mighty car-warriors Satyaki, uniting to- 
gether their divisions, rushed, O mighty, 
monarch, against Bhisma. 

17. Then the mighty car- warriors Virata 
and Drupada accompanied by all .the 
Spmakas rushed even against Bhisma 

18. The Kekayas, and Dhristaketu, and 
Kuntivoja, clad in mail and supported by 
their armies, rushed, O monarch, against 
Bhisma himself. 

19. Arjuna, the sons of Drupadi, and 
the highly powerful Chekitana, rushed 
against the kmgs commanded by Duryo- 
dhana himself. 

20. Thereafter, the valiant Ahhim^^nyu, 
that mighty car-warrior, the son of Hidimva, 
and Biiima!>ena himself, all wrought up 
with wrath, assaulted the Kouravas. 

21. Thus were the Kouravas slain in 
battle by the Pandavas divided in two divi- 
sions; so abo, O monarch, the Pandavas 
were slaughtered by the Kouravas in that 




aa. Then that foremost of CAr-w;irrior« 
namely Drm;), excited with rage, rushed 
against the Somakas and the Srin|ayas, 
despatching them to the mansion of Deaih. 

25. Then the high-souled Srinj lya, set 
op a lotid atfd oistressful cry when, O king 
they were thus being slciU|{htered in battle 
by that great bowman the son of Bhara- 

24. Innumerable Kshastriya warriors, 
smitten by Drona were seen to convulse lilce 
persons suffering from agonising ailments. 

25. They groaned and moaned and 
cried and uttered crtes eC agony in conse- 
quence of which a confused noise was heard, 
resembling that produced by men struck 
¥fith famine. 

a6. On the other hand, tlie highly puis- 
sant Bhimasena, waxing wroth, caused a 
dreadful carnage among the Kourava ranks 
hke another god of Death himself. 

a;. la that fierce fight, as the troops slew 
one another, a terrible river started up into 
existence on the 6cld oi battle, of which the 
waves and currents were formed of blood. 

a8. That great battle. O mighty mon- 
arch, between the Kurus and the Pands»vas. 
wiis indeed very dreadful in its aspect ; and 
It consfderably swelled, the popudatkx) of 
of Death's domain. 

29. Thereafter Bhima inflamed with 
rage, fell with impetuousity upon the ele- 
phant-division of the Knrus, and many 
were the beasts that he sent to the regions 
of Death. 

30. Tliere, in that battle, O BharaU, 
many were the elephants that pierced with 
Nacharas bv Bhima, fell and were confoun- 
ded and slvrieked and careered in all direc- 

31. Huge elephants, with their trunks 
cut off. and their bodies mangled, fell down 
on the earth, O sire, screaming like cranes. 

32. Naki ta and Sahadeva, both together, 
charged the cav/ilry -division. Those horses 
decked with golden chains and caparisons 
of the same meul, 

33. Were seen to be slain by hundreds 
and by thousands ; and, O monarch, the 
earth was strewn over with falling horses. 

34. The earth looked awful, O foremost 
of men, being covered over with horses ot 
diverse appeai.«iKe, s<»nie of which were 
tongueless, some of wHiich. again were 
breathing; hard, some moaning and some 
deprived of \\\rjr lives. 

35. The earth aho, O Bharata. appeared 
k^^ beautiful being overstrcwn with 
4iitigs suiin k>y Ai jiHia in ihc encounter. 

36. With shattered cfaariofs, and torn 
flags and umhrelUs of great effugence, with 
rent chamaras and fans, and with mighty 
weapons splintered into pieces, 

37. With garlands and neckUces of 
<;oid,with heads graced with ear-rings, with 
bracelets, with head-gears fallen off from the 
heads, and with streamers, 

38. With well-made car-bottoms, and O 
king, with reins amd riggings— covered 
with all these things, the earth appeared as 
beautiful as she appears during the spring 
being strewn over with blossoms. 

39. Such aiso was the carnage caused 
in the Pandava host, O Bharata, when the 
son of Santanu, and Drona that foremost off 
car-warriors were enraged ; 

40. As also when Aswathaman, and 
Krtpa and Kritavarman (were wrought 
up with rage). So also your troops unoer- 
went destruction when the other side was 
inflamed with wrath. 

Thus ends the ntnttieth chapter, the 
eighth day's fight, tn the Bhisma-hadha of 
the Bttisma Parva, 


Saiijaya said :— 

1. When, O king, that dreadful battle 
destructive of excellent heroes was thus 
raging, Suvala's prosperous Son Sakurw 
rushed against the Pandava hosts. 

2. Also, O king, that slayer of foes, that 
son of Hridika, of the Satwata race, pro- 
ceeded in battle against the Pandava divi- 

3 — 5. Several warriors of your army, 
with a mighty division of horses consisting 
of best animals of the Kamvoja breed, of 
those born in lands watered by many rivers, 
of those belonging to Aratta, Mahi, Sindhu, 
and Vanayu, of those that were while-hued, 
of those born in m junfainous tracts, and of 
those exceedingly swift and endued with the 
flfetness of wind, and of those of the Tittiri 
bi ced, surrounded on all sides the Pandava 
army. With many steeds duly dad in mail 
and decked with caparisons of gold, 

6. All best of their class, and fleet as the 
wind itself, the highly puissant son of the 
Pai da a (Arjunaj, of cheerful appearance 
and uic siayer of his foes,rusbed against that 
division ol horses belonging to the enetny. 

7. This prosperous son of Arjwia by 
name Iravai, endued with great prowess 



was begotten by the hig^hly intelligent Partha 
(Arjuna) on the daughter of the sovereign of 
the Nagas. 

8. Her husband having been slain by 
Snparna (Garuda), she was helpless and 
completely depressed in mind ; she was then 
bestowed upon Arjuna by the illustrious 

9. As she came to him under the influ*^ 
cnce of desire, the son of Pritha aceepted 
her as his wife. Thus it was that Arjuna's 
son was begotten upon another's wife. 

10. This son of Arjuna was brought up in 
the regions of the Nagas, and was protected 
by his mother. He was abandoned by his 
wicked-souled uncle from his animosity 
for the son of Priiha. 

11. Hearing that Arjuna had come to 
the regions of Indra, that handsome, highly 
puissant and accomplished Iravat of prow- 
ess that could not be baffled, hied to those 

12. That mighty-armed hero of in- 
fallible prowess, approaching his father did 
obeisance to him, duly folding his palms. 

13. He introduced himself to the illustri- 
ous Arjuna saying — ' I am your son Iravat, 
O lord, may good betide you.' 

14. He also reminded Arjuna of the 
circumstances under which the latter met 
his mother. Then the son of Pandu also 
remembered them aright. 

15. Then in the mansion of the chief of 
the celestials, tlie son of Pritha embracing 
his son equal to him in his acquirements, 
was highly delighted. 

16^ Then that mighty-armed hero 
(Iravat), O king, was thus cheerfully com- 
manded by Arjuna, in the celestial regions 
with regard to his own business (namely 
the impending war with the Kurus). 

17. 'O son, when the battle would take 
plnce, you should render us assistance.' He 
then said 'yea' to the words of his father ; 
and now that the hour has arrived, he also 
presented himself, 

18. O king, surrounded hy parti-colour- 
ed horses, countless in number. Those 
horses caparisoned with trappings of gold 
^d of diverse hues and great fleetness, 

ig. O king, suddenly appeared on the 
field like swans on the bosom of the mighty- 
Dlain. Those horses encountering your 
division of fleetest steeds, 

20. Struck one another with their chests 
and noses. Overthrown by their own im- 
petuosfty, O king, they began to fall down , 
suddenly on the earth. I 

21. When those two horse divisions thut' 
clashed against one another (and some feU 
down), a terrible sound, resembling that of 
Suparna's swoop was heard there. 

32. So also, O mighty monarch, those 
who rode on these steeds nearing one 
another in that dreadful battle, fell upon 
slaughtering one another mercilessly. 

2*^. When that general and dreadful en* 
counter raged fiercely, the chargers of the 
two hosts, seized with panic, coursed wildly 
all over the field. 

24. Warriors, mutilated with shafts, 
with their chargers slain, and themselves 
exhausted with fatigue, began to perish, 
cutting one another with their swords. 

25. Then when that horse-division wat 
considerably thinned and very few survi- 
ved, O Bharata, the younger brothers ol 
Suvala's son (Skuni), all endued iwith hero- 
ism, rode out in the van (of the hostile 

26. On horses, the contact of whose 
dash was overthrowing like the vehemenee 
of the wind, which were equal to the wind 
in fleetness, and which were all excellent 
chargers, well-broken and youthful. 

27. Gaya,Gavaksha, Vrisava, Charma* 
van, Arjava and Suka, these. six highly 
puissant heroes rode out uf the mighty ranl<» 
the Kauravas, 

28. Supported by Saknni and their resn 
pective mighty divisions consisting of high* 
ly powerful warriors, themselves covered 
with armours, accomplished in battle, fierce 
in aspect and possessed of great strength. 

29. Breaking through that invincible 
cavalry division of Iravat, desirous of vic- 
tory and longing for paradise and endued 
with great strength, 

30. Those Gandhara heroes formidable 
in battle cheertully penetrated into it^ 
rhereupon the highly puissant Iravat, be* 
holding them very delightful, 

31—32. Thus commanded his own warri- 
ors adorned with wonderful ornaments and 
weapons, saying: — 'Adopt such measures 
by which these warriors of Dhritarashtra's 
spn may all be destroyed with their weapons 
and vehicles.' Sayiyg 'Yes,' all those war- 
riors belonging to Iravat, 

33. Slew in battle that division of your 
army difficult of being conquered by the 
enemy.* Beholding their division crushed by 
the division of iravat, 

34. The sons of Suvala not tolerating 
it in battle, rushing at Iravat, surrounded 
him on sides, 

35. Piercing Iravat with sharp lances 
and urging tl»#ir warriors against him. 



those heroes careered over the field creating 
a great confusion. 

36. Then Ira vat pierced with sharp 
lances by those high-souled warriors and 
covered with blood that was tricklin^^ down 
from his wounds, appeared like an elephant 
pierced with the hook. 

37. Single-handed as he was. he was 
smitten sore by many, on his chest, his back, 
and his flanks ; but O king he flinched not 
in consequence of his great patience. 

38. Thereupon Iravat, conqueror of hos- 
tile cities, waxing wroth, piercing all of 
them with whetted shafts, deprived them of 
their senses. 

39. Then drawing out all those lances 
from his own body, that subduer of enemies 
wounded the sons of Suvala in battle even 
with those very lances. 

40. Then drawing his sharp sabre and 
liolding his buckler, he (Iravat) quickly ran 
on foot desirous of slaying the sons of Suva- 
la, in that battle. 

41. Then all those sons of Suvala re- 
gaininjf consciousness, possessed by rage, 
once more rushed towards Iravat. 

42. Iravat also proud of his strength, 
and displaying the lightness of his hands by 
Whirling his sword, rushed against all those 
sons of Suvala. 

43. Those sons of Suvala, riding on fleet 
chargers could find no opportunity for 
striking Iravat moving as he. was with great 

44. Then beholding Iravat standing on 
foot on the ground, those warriors once more 
surrounding him close, endeavoured to cap- 
ture him. 

45. ThenJIravat, that slayer of foes, be- 
holding them very near to himself, with his 
sword, cut off their riglit and left arms (lit : 
with which they wielded their swords and 
their bows respectively), and also mutilated 
their bodies. 

46. Their weapons and their hands fur- 
nished with these, fell down on earth, and 
they thenselves deprived of life and with 
their bodies mangled, fell down dead. 

47. Only Vrisava, O mighty monarch, 
with his body mangled with, wounds, 
escaped, with difficulty, alive from that most 
terrible combat destructive of heroes. 

48. Then your son Duryodhana behold- 
ing all those heroes crushed, waxing 
wroth, said these words unto the Hakshasa 
of fearful appearence, 

49. That fierce bowman, that subduer 
of f ^s, that one •f great illusive energies, 
^is Alumvusha the. son of Rishyasringa, 

who was the sworn enemy of Bhimasena, 
in consequence of the latler's slaughter of 

50. 'Behold O hero, how this puissant 
son of Arjuna, versed in illusions, has done 
me this terrible wrong in the shape of des- 
troying my forces 7 

51. You are also, O sire, capable of 
going every where at your unrestrained 
will and are also versed in all weapons of 
illusion ; you are moreover the sworn enemy 
of Pritha's son ; so slay me this one in 

52. Saying • yea ' (to Duryodhana's 
words), that Rakshas of terrible appearance 
rushed, uttering his war-cries, to the spot 
where the youthful son of Arjuna was. 

53* Alamvusha was supported by (the heroic 
lancers of his own division, all accomplished 
in smiting and well-mounted, skilful in 
fight, bearing resplendent lances. 

54. He was desirous, O king, of slaying 
in battle the highly puissant Iravat, along 
with the two thousands excellent cavalry 
that survived the recent conflict. 

55. The most agile and puissant Iravat 
also, that slayer of enemies, waxing wroth 
began to resist the Rakshasa who was desir* 
ous of slaying him. 

56. That Rakshasa (Alamvusha) endu« 
ed with great strength, beholding Iravat 
make towards himself, speedily began to 
put forth his illusions. 

57. He then created, as many illusive 
chargers, all mounted by fierce Rakshasas, 
bearing in their hands lances and battle 

58. These two thousand well-disciplined 
smiters. advancing with wrath, and encour* 
tering Ira vat's division, were both speedily 
despatched to the regions of the departed. 

59. When both the divisions of Iravat 
and Alamvusha were slain in battle, those 
two heroes, both formidable in battle, en- 
countered each other like Indra and Vritra. 

60. Seeing that Rakbhasa invincible in 
battle make towards himself, the highly 
puissant Iravat, excited with wrath, began 
to resist him ; 

61. And when the former had come very 
near to him, with his sword he cut off that 
wicked one's bow and shafts into fivt frag* 
ments each. 

62. Seeing his bow severed, he speedily 
mounted on the sky, confounding as it were 
with his illusive powers Iravat who was 
greatly excited with rage. 

63—64. Thereupon mounting on the sky, 
that' unapproachable hero Iravat, versed in 



M duty and capable of assumin]? any from 
at will, confounding with his illusive powers 
that Rakshasa, cut off the latter's limbs in 
that battle. Thus was that foremost of 
Rakshasas cut into pieces again and again. 

65. But, O mighty monarch, Alumvusha 
was again born 'anew, in the fulness of his 
youth. Illusion is natural with them (the 
KaJ^hasas) and their age and appearance 
are the result of their will. 

66 — 67. Thus the limbs of the Rakshasa 
again and again cut to pieces, appeared 
very beautiful. Thereupon the enraged 
iravMt repeatedly cut that Rakshasa endued 
with great strength with his battle axe of 
exceeding sharpness. Cut like a tree by that 
powerful Ira vat, that heroic 

68. Rakshasa uttered a dreadful roar; 
that created a terrible sound. Cut with the 
strokes of the battle-axes, the Rakshasa 
shed blood profusely. 

' 69. Thereafter that son of Rishyasringa 
possessed of great strength, beholding his 
puissant antagonist blaze forth in that 
batde, became mflamed with fury and put 
forth his own powers in that battle. 

yo» Assuming a dreadful and prodigious 
form he tried to capture the son of Arjuna, 
namely the illustrious Ira vat. 

71. In the very thick of the fight, before 
the very eyes of all the combatants, seeing 
that I illusion (put forth by that wicked- 
souled Rakshasa, 

72. Iravat, highly excited with rage, 
himself began to create great illusions. 
Then when that unreceding hero was over- 
whelmed with rage in that battle, 

73. A Naga related to him through his 
mother came to his support ; surrounded on 
all sides by numerous Nagas, O king, in 
that battle, 

74. That Naga, assumed a prodigious 
form mighty like that of Ananta himself. 
Thereafter with those innumerable and 
diverse kinds of Nagas, he covered the 

75. Thus surrounded by the Nagas, that 
foremost of the Rakshsas, reflecting for a 
while, assumed the form of Garuda and 
devoured all those serpents. 

76. When that Naga, related to him 
through his mother's side had been thus 
devoured through the illusive powers of 
Alamvusha, Iravat became confounded and 
the Rakshasa slew him with his sword. 

77. Then that Rakshasa felled on the 
earth the head of Iravat graced with ear- 
rings and a diadem, and effulgent like the 
moon or the lotus. 

78. When that heroic son of Arjuna had 
been slain by the Rakshasa, the sons of 
Dhritarastra with all their partisan kings, 
were relieved of their anxiety. 

79. In that great and dreadful battle 
between those two armies, awful was the 
carnage that then took place. 

80. Horses and elephants, and foot-sol- 
diers, mixing with one another, was slain by 
the tuskers ; and car-warriors, and horse- 
soldiers, and tuskers were also slain in that 
battle by foot-soldiers. 

81. Then, O king, in that dreadful en* 
gagement, divisions of foot-soldiers and car- 
warriors and numerous horses, belonging to 
your as well as their (Pandavas) host, were 
slain by car-warriors. 

82. Meanwhile Arjuna also unaware o 
the fate of the son of his loins, slew in 
that battle those heroic kings i^ho were en- 
gaged in supporting Bhisma. 

83. Thereafter, O monarch, your war- 
riors and the Srinjayas, by thousands, gave 
up their lives in battle slaying one another. 

84. Car-warriors, with dishevelled hair, 
with their arrows, swords, and bows severed, 
fought on with their naked arms meeting 
one another. 

85. The highly powerful Bhisma also 
shew in that battle mighty car-warriors 
with shafts capable of penetrating into the 
very vitals, agitating the whole host of the 

86. By him (Bhisma) many warriors and 
tuskers, and horse ^soldiers and car- warri- 
ors and steeds of Yudhisthira's army, were 

87. In that battle, O Bharata we be- 
held the prowess of Bhisma, of Bhimasena 
and also, O Bharata, of the son of I'risata. 

88. The battle that that mighty bow- 
men of the Satwata race namely oatyaki, 
fought, was indeed very fierce. Beholding 
the prowess of Drona, the Pandavas were 
seized with terror. 

89. 'Single-handed can this Drona slay 
us in battle with all our soldiers ; what to 
speak of him when lie is supported by a 
large body of warriors of world -spread 

90. Even these were the words that the. 
sons of Pritha said, O monarch, when. (J 
foremost of the Biiaratas, they were greatly 
afflicted by him in that fierce fight. 

91. All the heroes endued with great 
strength, of those two armies, did not give 
or take quarter ; they fought on as if pos- 
sessed by Rakshasas or evil spiriti* 



j92« And| O sire, the bowmen of your army 
ap<) those belonging to the array of the 
Pandavas, were all excited to the highest 
pitch of fury. We indeed did not then 
find any one pay the least lieed to bis life 
in that battle destructive of heroes, and 
that resembled the fight of the Daityas 

Thus eftds the ninety -first chapter^ the 
slaughter of Iravat^ in the Bhisma-badha 
of the Bhisma Parva, 


• • • 

Dhritarastra said :— 

i. Describe to me, O Sanjaya, what the 
highly puissant sons of Prilha did when 
fhey heard that Ira vat had been slain in 

Sanjaya said ;— 

3. Beholding Iravat slain in battle, the 
Hakshasa Gliatotkaclia the son of Bhim* 
sena, sent forth a terrible roar. 

3. As he roared, the earth having the 
oceans for her raiments, with her mountains 
and forests, O king, quaked violently with 
ihc echo of his roars ; 

4. As also the firmament and all the 
cardinal and subsidiary quarters. As your 
soldiers heard, O Bharata, that terrible 

5. Their thighs were petrified and they 
trembled and perspired ; and O foremost 
qI kings, all of tliem became depressed at 


6. And they fled on all sides like herds 
df elephants frightened by a lion. Then the 
Rakshasa, uttering those loud roars that re- 
sembled the rumble of the thunderbolt, 

7. Balancing his resplendent trident, 
and assuming a dreadful appearance, and 
surrounded by foremost of Rakshasas of 
fearful niein and armed with diversa 

8. Adx'anced, greatly excited with rage, 
like the Destroyer at the time of univer- 
sal annibiUtion. Beholding that irate hero 
of dreadful apperance make towards him- 
self , 

9. And seeing also his own troops, one 
and all, turning their faces away from the 
field of battle from fear of that RakshaSa, 
king Dhuryodhana rushed against Ghatol- 

IQ— 13 Grasping a bow with arrowp 
fixed on the string and uttering his war^ 
cries incessantly and loud. Behind hini 
followed the ruler of the Bangas himself* 
supported by ten thousand elepnants prodi- 
gious like the hills and with the temporal 
juice flowing down. Beholding your son 
surrouiuled by the elephant-division rush to 
battle, O mighty monarch, that night- 
ranger became inflamed with wrath ; 
then raged a combat, dreadful and hair- 

13. Between the Rakshasa, O mighty 
monarch, and the division of Duryodhana. 
Beholding that elephant-division like a 
mass of clouds in the horizon, 

14. The Rakshasas, highly enraged, 
rushed at it, with weapons in their hands* 
and uttering various war-cries, like clouds 
charged with lightning. 

15. With arrows, darts, sabres, shafts^ 
lances, mallets, and battle-axes, they began 
to slay the warriors fighting from the backs 
of elephants. 

16 — 17. They slew those huge elephants 
with blocks of stones and large trees. Wo 
beheld, O mighty monarch, elephants with 
temples rent,ana bodies bathed in blood and 
mangled with wounds, slain by those ran- 
gers of night. When that division of ele-* 
phant-riders, was shattered and thinned in 

18, Duryodhana hintself, O mighty mon-* 
arch, rusl\ed against the Rakshasas, influ« 
enced by great animosity and heedless of 
his own iiie. ■ 

19. That highly powerful hero sped ar- 
rows of exceeding sharpness at those Rak- 
shasas, and that fierce bowman slew 
many of the Rakshasas that were fighting 

20 — 22. Your irate son Duryodhana, O 
foremest of the Bharatas, that mighty car- 
warrior slew with four shafts, the fou** Rak- 
shasas viz Vigavanta, Maharoudra, Vidyutj- 
wihva, and Pramathin. Once more, that 
one of immeasurable soul shot, O foremost 
of Bharatas, a shower of arrows incapabla 
being buffled, at the host of the Rakshasas. 
Beholding, O sire, that marvellous feat ac- 
hieved by sour son, 

23. The highly powerful son of Bhima- 
sena blazed forth with rage; then stretching 
his mighty bow effulgent like the thurider- 
bolt of Indra, 

24. He rushed against the irate Duryo- 
dhana with violence. Beholding him rush 
forward like death incarnate urged on by 
the Destroyer himself, 

25. Your son Duryodhana, O monarch, 
did not wav^r at all. Then Ghatotkacha 


15 » 

with his eye* coppeiy in wrath thus address- 
od Duryodhana anjfrily saying : — 

26. "This day will I liquidate the debt 1 
owe to my fathers and mothers ►who 
had so bong been exiled by your heartless 

27. The sons of Pandu, O monarch, were 
deceitfully defeated by you at a game of 
dice. The daughter of Drupada by name 
Krishna, while in her courses and so clad in 
one garment only, 

28. O per verse- minded wretch, was 
was brought in the midst of the court-hall 
and was persecuted by you in various ways. 
While she was dwelling in her hermitage 
ip the woods, out of a desire for compassing 
your good, the wicked-souled 

29. Ruler of the Sindhus oppressed her 
disregarding my sires. O you the disgrace 
to your family, these and many other such 

30. Will 1 this avenge, if indeed you do 
not dy forsaking the field of battle/ Hav- 
ing thus spoken, and stretching his mighty 
bow Hidimva*s son, 

31. Biting his lips with his teeth and 
libking the corners of his mouth, covered 
Duryodhana with a mighty shower of ar- 
rows, like clouds washing the mountain 
breast with torrents of rain in the rainy sea- 

Thus €nds the ninety ^second chapter^ the 
fight of the son of Hidimvctt in the Bhis- 
mabadha of the ahisma Parva, 



Saxqaya said :— 

1. Then that shower of arrows, which it 
was difficult even for the Danavas to with- 
stand, was borne by that foremost of kings 
E>uryodhana, like a mighty elephant bear- 
ing a shower of rains. 

2. Thereafter your son possessed with 
raee, and breathing like a snake was in- 
volved in a very hazardous situation in 
that battle, O foremost of the Bharatas. 

3. Then he (Duryodhana) shot (at the 
Rakshasa), twenty five keen -pointed darts 
of exceeding sliarpness ; those dart^, O king, 
fell upon that foremost of Rakshasas with 
great force, 

4. Like enfuriate snakes ''ailing upon the 
mountain Gandhamadana. Pierced with 
those arrows, and shedding blood copiously 

like an elephant in rut (shedding the tem' 
poral juice), 

5. That cannibal formed a fixed resolu- 
tion for destroying the king. Thereafter 
the Rakshasa grasped a mighty lance, 
capable of penetrating even through 


6. Blazing with effulgence, burning ?ik© 
a fierce meteor and resembling the flashes 
of lightning in radiance. T\\aX mighty* 
armed hero then desirous of slaying your 
son, raised that lance. 

7. Beholding that lance raised, the ruler 
of the Bangas, speedily urged his elephant 
of proportions huge like a hill, against the 

8. This king, in that battle, ridirtg on 
his excellent elephant of great strength and 
fleetness, reached the spot where Duryddha** 
na's car was stationed ; 

9. And he covered the car of your son 
I>uryodhana with the body. oP his elephant. 
Seeing the way (to Duryodhana's car, thus 
covered by the highly intelligence ruler of 
the Bangas, 

xo. Ghatotkacha, . O miji^hty monarch, 
with eyes coppery in anger, sped that 
raised dart of great fierceness at the ele- 

11. Struck with that dart, O king, hurt- 
ed by the hand of Ghatotkacha, the elephant 
bleeding profusely, fell down dead. 

12. The mighty ruler of the Bangas 
quickly leaping up from his elephant, jumped 
down on tlie surface of the earth. 

13. King Duryodhana seeing that ex- 
cellent elephant felled and his army shatter- 
ed, was overwhelmed with grief. 

14. Holding before his mind's eye the. 
paramount duty of a Kshastriya, and also< 
from his own pride, king Duryodt^ana^i 
though worsted, stood immovable like the 
everlasting hills. 

15. Then placing on his bow-string 
whetted shafts blazing like the Fire of dis- 
solution, and highly excited with rage, he 
discl>arged them at that dreadful ranger 
of the night. 

t6. Seeing those arrows falling like the 
thunderbolt of Indra, the high-souled' 
Ghatotkacha foiled their aim by the 
alacrity of his movements. 

17. Like clouds at the end of a Yuga, 
once more did he fiercely roar out, with eyes 
coppery in rage, striking terror Into the 
hearts of aH seldier. 

18. Hearing tl at deafening roar uttered 
bv the fearful Rakshasa, , Bhisma the son 
of Santanu, coming to the preceptor Drone, 
addressed him saying : — 



19: * As I hear these dreadful roars 
uttered by the Rakshasa Ghatotkacha, I 
think it sure that the son of Hidimva is en- 
gaged with king Duryodhana himself. 

20. In battle, this Rakshasa could not 
be conquered by any crenture. So hie 
yourself to the king and rescue him. May 
good betide you. 

21. That hero of eminent parts viz., 
Duryodhana has been assaulted by the 
high-souled Rakshasa. Now, O afflicter 
of foes, even this (to protect the king) is 
our incumbent duty." 

22. Having heard the words of the 
grandsire, the mighty car-warriors, with- 
out delaying and at the top of their speed, 
rushed where the ruler of the Kurus was. 

23. Drona and Somadatta, and Valhika 
and Jayadratha an J Kripa and Bliurisra- 
vas, Salya and the two princes of Avanti 
and also Vrihadvala, 

24. And Aswathaman, and Vikarna, 
and Chitrasena and Vivinsati, — these and 
thousands of other car-worriors, along with 
those that followed them, 

25 — 26 Proceeded, desirous of rescuing 
your son Duryodhana who had been hotly 
pressed. Beholding that invincible divi- 
sion protected by manv mighty car-warriors 
make towards himself with hostile inten- 
tions, that foremost of Rakshasas possessed 
of miglity arms, remained immovable like 
the Mountain Mainaka, 

27. Holding a massive bow and sur- 
rounded by his relations armed with 
bludgeous and mallets, and diverse other 
kinds of weapons. 

28. Then commenced a fierce engage- 
ment capable of making the hair stand 
erect, between those foremost amongst 
Duryodhana's host and those amongst the 
Rakshasa's kinsmen. 

29. On all sides of the field of battle, the 
twanging of bows was heard, O mighty 
monarch, like the crackling of burning 

30. The din produced by the stroke ot 
weapons against the armours of the com- 
batants, resembled, O king, the sound 
produced by the rending of mountains. 

31. The appearance of lances hurled by 
the arms of heroes wa«, O ruler of men, like 
that of serpents coursing swiftly through 
the welkin. 

32. Thereafter excited to the highest 
pitch of fury, that foremost of Rakshasas 
possessed of mighty arms stretching his 
mighty bow, uttered a terrible yell. 

33. He then burst asunder the bow of 
the preceptor Drona with a crcsenl- shaped 

arrow. Then with a broad-headed arrdwr 
having crushed the standard of Somadatta, 
he broke out into another yell. 

34. He piereed Valhika with three 
shafts, between his breasts ; then he pierced 
Kripa with one shaft and Mitrasena with 

35. With another well-directed and 
well -aimed shaft shot by his bow drawn to 
its fullest stretch, he struck Vikarna on the 
soldier- joint as the lattar neared him ; 

36 — 37* Then Vikarna, bathed in blood, 
squatted down on the terrace of his car. 
Thereafter that Rakshasa of infinite soul, 
excited with wrath, sped, O foremost of the 
Bharatas, five and ten darts at Bhurisravas ; 
and these darts penetrating through the 
latter's armour stuck on the surface of the 

38. He also wounded the drivers of 
Vinvinsati and the son of Drona ; both of 
them fell down on their seats in the car, 
loosening their grasp of the reins of steeds. 

39. He cut down, O monarch, the stand- 
ard of the king ol the Sindhus bearing the 
device of the boar and decked with gold, 
with a crescent-shaped shaft; and with 
another, he burst the latter's bow asunder. 

40. Then again with eyes red in rage, 
the Rakshasa slew with four lances the 
four steeds of the high-souled princes of 

41. Then, O mighty monarch, he 
pierced prince Vrihadvala with another 
sharp and well -tempered arrow, shot from 
his bow drawn to its fullest stretch. 

42. That one (Vrihadvala) thus deeply 
pierced and smarting with pain, sat down on 
the terrace of his chariot. Then that lord of 
the Rakshasas possessed with furious wrath, 
and stationed on his car, 

43. Shot many keen-pointed shafts of 
great sharpness that resembled snakes of 
virulent poison ; these shafts, O mighty 
monarch, penetrated through Salya accom- 
plished in battle. 

Thus tnds the ninety-third chapter , the 
fight of Hidimva's sonf in the Bhistna^ 
badha of the Bhisma Parva. 




Sanjaya said :— 

1. Having; made all your warriors turn 
their Cacex away from field of battle, the 
Ralishasa, O foremo*>t of the Bharatas, 
assaulted Duryodhana out of a desire for 
sla^'ing him. 

2. Beholding him make towards the 
king with impetiiousity, your warriors, all 
invincible in battle, rushed at him, desirous 
of doing away with him. 

3. Those mi>;hty car- warriors, stretching 
tneir bows that looked like large palmyar 
trees, and utterinj; tl^eir war-cries loud as 
the roars of the lions, rushed at )>iin shooting 
weapons at him. 

4. Then they covered him with an 
arrowy downpour, like clouds covering the 
moudtains with a downpour of rain in 
the rainy season. 

5. Thus pierced sore, and greatly afflict- 
ed like an elephant smitten with the hook, 
the Rakshasa then at once rose to the sky 
like the son of Vinatal Garuda, 

6. Then he uttered a loud roar that 
resembled the rumble of autumnal clouds ; 
and that dreadful roar reverberated through 
tlie susidiary and cardinal points of the 

7. King Yudhisthira hearing those war- 
cries of the Raicshasa, thus spoke, O fore- 
most of the Bharatas, to Bhimasena the 
•ubduer of foes. 

8. "Surely the Rakshasa is fighting with 
mighty car- warriors of the host of Dhrita- 
r;*stra*s son, in as much as we can hear, 
(even at this distance), the noise created by 
his fierce cries. 

9. I also perceive tliat that foremost of 
Rakshasas has now to bear a burden un- 
equal to his strength ; on the other hand, 
the erand-sire inflamed with rage Is exert- 
ing for slaughtering the Panchalas. 

10. For the protection of these latter, 
Phalguna is engaged with the foe. Having 
heard, O mighty armed hero, of these two 
tasks t>oth of which demand prompt atten- 

11. Hie yourself for rescuing the son of 
Hidiipva involved in a great predicament." 
Accepting the words of his brother, without 
the least delay, Vrikodara 

12. Proceeded to the battle, terrifying 
mil the kings with his fierce war-cries, and, 
O king, with an impetuoasity like that of the 
ocean in the days of the full moon or the 
new moon. 


13. Him followed Satyadhri and San* 
chitti ever invincible in battle, and Srenimat 
and Vasudhara and the puissant son of the 
king of the Kasis, 

14. The sons of Droupadi, all mighty 
car-warriors headed by Abhimanyu, and 
Kshalradeva, the powerful Kshatra* 

15. And Nila the sovereign of the low 
countries accompanied by his own division^. 
They surrounded the son of Hidimva with 
a mighty division of cars. 

16. With six thousand highly infuriated 
elephants, all potent smiters, those heroes 
began to protect Ghatotkacha that foremost 
of the Rakshasas. 

17. These warriors made the very earth 
quake with their fierce war-cries, the 
clatter of their car-wheels, the sound pro- 
duced by the hoofs of their galloping horses* 

18. Hearing that noise of the assualting 
army, the warriors of the army ol your 
sons, wore a pallid countenance being 
agitated with the fear of Bhimasena ; 

19 — 20. And leaving Ghatotkacha alone« 
they turned back from the field of battle. 
But the combatants of your army and Chose 
of the enemy's host Were both untreating ; so 
there once more ensued, O mighty monarch, 
a terrible battle, between these nigh-souled 
warriors. Mighty car-warriots hurUng 
weapons of various shapes, 

21. Rushed atone another and then smote 
down one another. Thus raged the most 
dreadful combat capable of inspiring terror 
into the hearts of the cowards. 

22. Horse-soldiers encountered elephant- 
riders and foot-soldiers fought with the caf- 
warriors ; challenging one another in battle 
they rushed against one another, O king. 

23. In consequence of this onslaught of 
cars, horses, elephants, and infantry, a thick 
and impenetrable cloud of dust appeared, 
bemg raised by the car- wheels and tread of 
the toot*soldier. 

24. Then the field of battle, O king, was 
shrouded by a thick cloud of dust of the 
reddish hue of smoke; and none was able to 
distingush between his friend and his foe. 

25. Father could not disttnguish his son 
nor the son His father, in that horripilating'^ 
carnage where no conaideration was of any 

26. The clashing of weapons and ths 
yells of men, O foremost of the Bharatas^ 
created a fierce din, that resembled Che roar 
of demons themselves. 

27. On the field of battle a river started 
up into existence, of which the currents, were 
constituted by the gore of elephants, horset. 

J 54 


and men, and ihc weeds and moss by the 
hair (of the warriors). 

28. A deafening noise, like that pro- 
c^iiced by a sliower of stones, was heard 
there, as the heads of the combatants fell on 
the field severed from tlieir trunks. 

7g. The earth was covered with head- 
less trunks with mutilated elephants and 
with horses with limbs mangled and hacked 
to pieces. 

30. Mighty car-warriors, putting forth 
all their energies, rushed to smite down one 
another, hurling at the same lime weapons 
©f various kinds. 

31. Urged on by their riders, encounter- 
ing one another, horses dashed against one 
another, and fell down on the field deprived 
of life. 

3a. Combatants, with eyes crimsoned in 
rage, meeting one another, struck one ano- 
ther with their breasts, and thus killed one 

33. Goaded on by their riders, elephants 
slew their hostile compeers with the ends 
of their tusks*, in that battle. 

34. These elephants decked with flutter- 
ing pennons and shedding blood in copious 
quantities, and bespattered with it, appeared 
like clouds adorned by forks of lightening. 

35. Some of these with bodies mangled 
with tusk wounds, others with their temples 
rent by broad-headed shafts, careered all 
over the field roaring like roaring clouds. 

36. Some with their trunks cut in twain, 
others with their bodies mutilated, fell down 
in tliat sanguinary battle, like mountains 
having their wings cut off. 

37' Other huge elephants having their 
sides opened by their hostile compeers, 
copiously shed blood like mountains dis- 
charging liquified red chalk. 

38. Others, slain with lances and pierced 
with Tomaras, with their riders killed, 
looked like mountains deprived of their 

39. Others, possessed with fuiy, and in- 
flamed with shedding the temporal juice, 
and having none to restrain them, began to 
crush in that battle, horses and cars and 
soldi«rs by hundreds. 

40. So also horses pierced with lances 
^nd darts by cavalry -soldiers, dashed 
against their assailants, "las if agitating all 
the points of the compass. 

41. Car- warriors born in noble families, 
and reckless of their lives, meeting their hos- 
tile compeers, fought on dauntlessly dtp.nd- 
'tf\\^ on their own excellent strength. 

42. Those heroes accomplished in batile« 
O kin^, desirous of securing either fame or 
paradise, smote down one another in that 
fierce carnage, as if in a Sayambara. 

43. When that hair-stirring comba 
was thus raging, the troops belonging to 
Dhritarastra's army were generally made to 
turn back their faces from the field of 

Thus ends the ninety -fourth chapter, the 
fight of Hidimva's son, in the Bhisfna^ 
badha of the Bhisma Parva, 


Saigaya said :— 

I. There upon king Duryodhana, seeing 
his own troops slain, inflamed with wrath, 
rushed against that subduer of foes namely 

a. Grasping a huge bow effulgent like the 
thunder-bolt of Indra himself, he covered 
the son of Pandu with a thick shower of 

3. Fixing on his bow-string a crescent- 
shaped and exceedingly siiarp arrow fur- 
nished with wings of down, and inflamed 
with rage, hft burst assunder the bow of 

4. At this opportunity, that mighty car- 
warrior Duryodhana without the least delay 
placed on his bow-string another sharp 
arrow capable of penetrating even through 
the very mountains. 

5. Then that mighty-armed hero, with 
that arrow struck Bhimasena on tl>e 
breast. The latter thus pierced deeply, 
snarling with pain, and licking the corners 
of his mouth, 

6. Cought hold of the staff of his stand- 
ard decked with gold (for support). There* 
upon Ghatotkacha seeing Bhimasena thus 

7. Blazed up with rage, like a conflagra- 
tion capable of consumii»g everything. The 
mighty car-warriors of the Pandava host 
headed by Abhiman^'u, 

8. Now rushed impetuously at the king 
uttt'fing their fierce war-cries. Beholdiiii^ 
those enraged warriors rush with impetuou- 

Q. The son of Bharadwaja spoke these 
woids lo the mighty car- warriors of your 
army : — "Good betide youall ; hie yourselves 
and iuivf to rescue the kmg, 



\ty. Who is now involved in a great 
predicament and is being sunk into the sea 
of danger. These irate car- warriors of the 
Pandava army, these fierce bow-men, 

11. Placing Bhimasena at their head, 
arc rushing at Duryodhana, hurling diverse 
kinds of weapons, determined to secure 

12. Roaring out their fierce war-cries 
and frightening thereby the rulers of earth 
belonging to our party." Hearing these 
words of the preceptor, your warriors headed 
by Somadatta, 

13. Rushed against the ranks of the 
Pandavas. Kripa, Bhurisravas, Satya, the 
son of Droiia, Vivingsati, 

14. Chitrasena, Vikarna, the ruler of the 
Sindhus, Vrihadvala aud the two Avanti 
princes, both great bow-men, all in a body 
surruounded tlic Kuru ruler (for the aiding 

15. Proceeding only twenty steps, the 
Pandavas and the Dhartarastras began to 
sCirke one another, out of a desire for slaying 
one another. 

16. The mighty-armed son of Bhara- 
dwaja also, having spoken the above 
words, stretched his mighty bow and afflict- 
ed Bhima with twenty-six shafts. 

17. Then again that hero of mighty- 
arms speedily covered him with a shower of 
arrows, like clouds covering the mountains 
with rains in the rainy season. 

18. But the highly puissant Bhima- 
sena, that fierce bow-man, without the least 
delay, pierced Drona in return in his left 
side with ten shafts of great sharpness. 

19. Thus deeply pierced and over- 
whelmed with pain, the preceptor worn out 
as he%as with age, squatted down on the 
terrace of his chariot being deprived of his 

20. Beholding him (Drona^ highly 
pained, kine Duryodhana himself and the 
irate son of Drona, both together rushed 
against Bhimasena. 

21. Seeing them both rush against 
himself like the Destroyer him at tlie end of 
a Vuga, the mighty-armed Bhimasena spee- 
dily took up a mace ; 

22. And jumping down from his car he 
stood fixed like the immovable hifls, uplift- 
ing his heavy mace that resembled the 
bludgeon of Death himself. 

23. Beholding him stand with his uplift- 
ed roace like the crested Kailasa mounuin, 
the Kuru king and the son of Drona, united 
together, rushed against him. 

24. Thereupon the highly puissant 
Bhimasena also rushed with impetuousity 

against those two foremost oF powerful 
heroes who were rushing unitedly against 

25. Beholding the enraged B uma of 
terrible expression thus fall upon them, the 
mighty car-warriors of the Koiirava host 
proceeded to meet him without delay. 

36. Headed by the son of Baradwaja, 
those heroes, out of a desire for slaying 
Bhimasena, hurled at the latter's breast 
weapons of diverse descriptions. 

27. Thus united together, they sorely 
pressed that son of Pandu (Bhima) on all 
sides. Beholding that mighty car-warrior 
thus involved in a predicament and thus 

28. The mighty car-warriors of the 
Pandava host, such as Abhimanyu and 
others, rushed forward desirous of rescuing 
him, setting their own dear lives at naught. 

29. The heroic ruler of the low countries, 
that dear-loved friend of Bhima. by name 
Nila, of complexion blue like the clouds, ex- 
cited with wrath, rushed at the son of Drona. 

30. That fierce bowmen (Nila) ever 
longed for an encounter with the son of 
Drona. Now stretching his mighty bow he 
pierced with many a winged siiaft the son 
of Drona, 

31. Just as, O mighty monarch, in the 
days of yore, Sacra pierced the Danava 
Viprachchiti, invincible in battle and the 
terror of the celestials, 

32. Who, possessed by rage, struck terror 
into the three worlds by tlic display of his 
energy. Thus pierced by Nila wiih well- 
directed shafts, 

33. Drona's son, shedding blood profuse- 
ly, became possessed with wrath ; tiien draw- 
ing his wonderful bow whose twang resem- 
bled Indra's thunder, 

34. That foremost of intelligent heroes 
resolved to slay Nila in battle. Thereafter 
fixing on the bowstring broaded- headed 
shafts, resplendent and variegated by the 
forger himself, 

35. He (Drona's son) slew with these the 
four horses of Nila and cut down his stan- 
dard too. With the seventh arrow, he 
pierced Nila himself on the chest. 

36. Thus deeply pierced and sorely 
pained, Nila squatted down on the terrace 
of his car. Beholding king Nila, of appear- 
ance like a mass of blue clouds, thus con* 

37. Ghatotkacha excited with ^^ath and 
surrounded by his kinsmen, impetuously 
rushed against Drona's son that eroamtnt 
of battle. 



38. Other inferior Rakshasas inxincible 
in battle also rushed to the figlit. Seeing ihil 
Rakshasa of dreadful aspect make towards 

3Q. The highly puissant son of Bhara- 
dwajn, without the least delay rushed 
agamst the former and excited with wrath 
he slew many Rakshasas of dreadful visage, 

40. Who were stationed in the front of 
in Ghatotkacha ; beholding his own troops 
turn faces away from the 6e1d of batlle, in 
consequence of the shafts shot from the bow 
of Drona, 

41. The huge -bodied Gatotkacha, the 
son of Bhimasena became wrouglit up with 
rage, and brought into existence an awful 
and terrible illusion. 

42. Then therewith that ruler of the 
Rakshasas of potent illusive powers, con- 
founded in battle Drona's son. /Fhen all 
your warriors were repulsed through the 
illusion of the Rakshasa. 

43. They (your warriors) saw one 
another mangled and lying on the surface 
of the battle field, writhing in convulsions, 
distressed and weltering in their own blood. 

44. Drona, Durvodhana, Salya Aswa- 
thaman, and other foremost bowmen of the 
Kourava host were seen to fly away from 
the field of battle. 

45. All the car- warriors appeared to be 
smashed, the kings felled, the horses and 
cavalry hacked to pieces by thousands. 

46. Beholding this (illusive) scene your 
warriors, O king, ran towards the encamp- 
ments, although myself and Devavrata cried 
at the top of our voice saying, O king, 

47. "Go on fighting, fly not, this illu- 
sion has been set forth by Ghatotkacha? " 
But confounded as they were, they did not 
stop ; 

48. They also did not believe the words 
we uttered, as they were inspired with terror. 
Beholding them fly, the Pandavas winning 

49. Began to shout their war-cries, being 
joined by Ghatotkacha himself. They 
uttered continued yells of triumph, which 
became mixed with the blare of conchs and 
sound of drums. 

50. Thus it was that your whole army 
was broken and routed in all directions 
by the wicked-souled son of Hidimva at the 
time when the sun set. 

Thus tncis the ninety fifth chapter ^ the 
display of illussion iy Hidimva* s soh^ in 
the Bhisma'badka 9/ the Bhiskma Farva, 


Sanjaya said •'— 

1. When that dreadful battle was over, 
king Diiryodhana, appro^uzhing the son of 
Ganga, and saluting him with humility, 

2. Began to describe everything that had 
taken place, namely, the victory won by 
Ghatotkacha, ajid the defeat he himself has 

3. That invincible warrior, O kin?, then 
spoke these words, sighing repeatedly and 
addressing the grandsire of the Kurus name- 
ly Bhisma. 

4. ** Just as the son of Vasudeva has been 
relied upon by the foe, so reiving upon 
yourself, I have commenced this dreadful 
war with the Pandavas, O lord. 

5. My troops counting eleven Aukshaliini 
in number, as also my own self, O grinder of 
foes, are all under your command. 

9. Though thus supported, vet, O fore- 
most of the Bharatas, I have been worsted 
in battle by the Pandava combatants headed 
by Bhimasena and dependent on Ghatot- 

7. 5Th is it is that is corroding my limbs 
like fire burning a withered tree. There- 
fore, O you of eminent parts, O slayer of 
foes, through your grace, I wish, 

8. O gransire, to slay that worst of 
Rakshasa^ myself, mainly depending upon 
your invinjible self. It behoves you to sec 
that my wish is fulfilled." 

9. Hearing, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
these words of the king, Bhisma the son of 
Santanu addressed these words to Duryo- 

10. " Hear, O king the words that I 
shall speak to you, O scion of the'Kuru race, 
about how you should conduct yourself, O 
grinder of foes. 

11. O sire, O slayer of foes, you should 
ever carefully protect yourself in battle, 
under nil circumstances. O sinless one, you 
should always engage with the very virtuous 
king Yudhislhira, 

12. Or with Arjunaorwith Bhimasena 
nr with tl^ twins Nakula and Sahadeva, 
Keeping in view the duty of a king, a ktn^ 
strikes another royal compeer. 

13. Myself, Drona, Kripa, the son of 
Drona, Kritavarraan of the Satwata race* 
Salya, SomadatU's son, the might car- 
warrior Vikarna, 

14. Your heroic brothers headed by 
Dussasana.'-'we shall all fight with that 
highly puibbant Rak:>hasa for your sake. 



1 5 — 1 7 • Or if you bear implacable hatred 
for that Hence prince of Rakshasas, let this 
ruler of earth namely Bhagadtta, who is 
equal to Indra in battle, encounter in battle 
that evil-minded one." Having thus ad- 
dressed the king, Bhimsa eloquent in speech 
thus spoke to Bhagadatta even before that 
foremost of kings: — ''Proceed, O mighty 
monarch, without delay, against the son of 
Hidimva, invincible in battle. 

18. Putting forth all your energies do 
you resist that Rakshasa of crud deeds 
before the eyes of these bowmen, even as 
Indra risisted Taraka in days gone by. 

19. Your weapons are of celestial make 
and O represser of your foes, your prowess 
is divine. And before this, you have had 
encounters with many a host of Asuras. 

20. O foremost of kings, you are a match 
lor the Rakshasa in this fierce battle ; and 
supported by your own divisions, O king, 
do you slay that foremost of Rakshasas." 

31. Hearing these words of Bhisma the 
g^cneralissin(K> of the Kouravas, Bhagadatta 
rushed towards the enemy uttering his war 

^. BeHoldifig him rush like a mass of 
roaring clouds, the roightv car-warriors of 
the Pandava host inflamecl with wrath ad- 
vanced with impetuousity. 

23. Bhimasena, Abhimanyu^ the Rakshasa 
jGhatotkiacha, the sons of Orupadi, Satya- 

dkriti, Kshatradeva, and O sire, 

24. Vasudeva, the ruler of the Chedis, 
the rulet* of the Dasarnaa, — all the^e war- 
riors assaulted Bhagadatta. Btiagadatta 
^so mounted on his elephant Supratika, 

charged these heroes. 

25. Then ensued a dreadful combat of 
awful aspect* between the Pandava hosts 
and Bhagadatta's divisions, increasing the 
population of Death's domain. 

a6. Fleet arrows charged with energy 
and shot by car-warriors, O mighty 
monarch, began to fall on elephants and 

27. Huge-elephants with rent temples 
and flfOaded on by their riders, approached 
and fell upon one another dauntlessly. 

28. Excited to the highest pitch of fury 
and blind with shedding the temporal juice, 
(hose elephants approaching one another 
ripped one another open with the point of 
their tasks resembKng hard bludgeons. 

29. Horses, graced with long-flowing 
taih and mounted by lancers, urged on by 
their riders, vehemently dashed against one 
another totally undaunted. 

30. Foot-solditrs struck by orther foot- 

soldiers with lances and darts, fell down on 
the ground by hundreds and thousands. 

31. Car-warriors riding on their cars, O 
king, having slain many heroes with Karnis 
(barbed arrows) Nalikas (fire-arms) and 
shafts to began to vociferate their war-cries. 

32. When that hair-stirring combat was 
thus ra^insr, the fierce bo>Mfnen Bhagadatta 
assailed Bhimasena, 

33. On his elephant with rent temples 
and with the temporal juice trickling down 
in seven distinct lines like so manay riliets 
flowing down the mountain breast. 

34. That sinless one advanced on the 
neck of Supratika, scattering thousands of 
arrows, like the almighty Purandara riding 
on the Airavata. 

35. That ruler of men afflicted Bhima 
with an arrowy down -pour, like clouds afflict- 
ing the mountains with a down-pour of rain 
at the end of the summer. 

36. Then that fierce bowman Bhimasena 
excited with rage« slew with his showers of 
arrows those warriors numbering more than 
hundred who were engaged in protecting 
Bhagadattas feet. 

37. Seeing them slain, the highly power- 
ful Bhagadatta, inflamed with wrath, goad- 
ed his foremost elephant towards tlie chariot 
of Bhimasena. 

38. Like an arrow shot from the bow. 
string, that elephant, O subduer of foes, 
directed by Bhagadatta, impetuously rushed 
against Bhimasena. 

39. Beholding that elephant thus ad- 
vafnce furiously, the mighty car-warriors of 
the Qandava host headed by BhimaassauU- 
ed it. 

40. Th*! five Kekaya brothers, Abhimanyu 
the sons of Draupadi, the heroic ruler of tlie 
Dasarhas, Kshatradeva, and 0\h-e, '* 

41. The ruler of the Chedis, and Chitrai 
ketu, all these powerful warriors Wrought 
up with wrath, displaying their excellent 
weapons of celestial make, 

42 — 44. Surrounded that single elephant 
on all sides. Tiiat huge elephant pierced 
with many shafts and shedding blood pro- 
fusely, appeared beautiful like the kine of 
mountains decked with red chaHc solution. 
The ruler of the Dasarhas, mounted on an 
elephant prodigious like a mountain, dashed 
against the elephant of Bhagadatta. Be- 
holding that elephant rush toward^ hhnself 
that foremost of elephants, 

45. Namely Supratika withstood tl like 
the banks of the ocean resisting its surcing 
Nvaves. Beholding the excellent elephant of 



the high-souled ruler of Dasarha thus 

46. The troops of the Pandavas, ar 
applauded Bhagadatta saying 'excellent' 
•excellent' Thereupon the ruler of the 
Pragjyotisas waxing wrath, with fourteen 

47 — 48. Struck, O foremost of men. the 
elephant of the Dasarha king ; these lances 
penetrating the fine armour and caparisons 
of gold covering the elephant's body, en- 
tered into it like snakes entering into their 
holes on ant-hills. That elephant, O fore- 
most of the Bharatas, thus deeply pierced 
and extremely pained, 

49. With its fury quenched, turned back 
with great vehemence ; then that elephant 
uttering dreadful roars of agony ran, 

50. Crushing the army to which it be- 
longed, like the strong wind crushing the 
trees with its velocity. When that elephant 
of the Dasarha king was defeated, the 
mighty car-warriors of the Fandava host, 

51. Uttering their war cries aloud, pro- 
ceeded for battle. Then placing Bhima at 
their head they assailed Bhagadatta, 

5^-753* Shooting arrows and weapons 
of various descriptions and shapes. There- 
upon hearing the war-cries of those advan- 
cing and irate warriors longing for vengance, 
that fierce bowman Bhagadatta dauntless 
through rage, goaded his own elephant. 

54. That foremost of elephants, thus 
urged on by the press and stroke of the 
toe and the hook, in that battle became des- 
tructive like the fire of dissolution. 

55. Then, O king, the elephant career- 
ed, hithtr and thithe', and crushed divisions 
of cars and elephants and horses mounted by 

56. It also crushed foot -soldiers by 
hundreds and by thousands. Thus agiuted 
by it, that mighty army of the Pandavas, 

57. Contracted, O monarch, like a piece 
of hide held over a blazing fire. Beholding 
Ivis own army thus routed by the highly in- 
telligent Bhagadatta, 

58. Ghatotkacha excited to the highest 
pitch of fury, rushed against the former, 
i Jiat being of fierce aspect, with counten- 
ance and eyes flashing tire, 

59. Burning with rage, assuming a 
dreadful form, took up a resplendent trident 
capable of rending even the mountains. 

60. Then that highly powerful hero 
desirous of slaying the elephant, hurled the 
lance, emitting scintillations of fire from 
all sides. 

61. Beholding that lance swiftly ccurse 
towards the elephant, the ruler of the Pragj- 
yotisas, sped a dreadful crescent-shaped 
arrow of exceeding sharpness and enul- 

62. Then with that arrow, that hero en- 
dued with energy, cut off the fierce trident ; 
and that trident of golden effulgence then 
fell down on the ground divided in twain, 

63. Like the mighty thunderbolt of Indra 
discharged by him, dropping through the 
skies. Then beholding that trident fallen 
and severed in twain, that ruler of the earth 

64. Took up a lance furnished with a 
golden staff and blazing like the flames of 
fire, and then hurled it at the Rakshasa say- 
jng'Stay* 'Stay.' 

65. Beholding it course through the air 
like the thunderbolt itself, the Rakshasa 
lightly jumped up and caught hold of it 
uttering fierce war-cries. 

66. Then before the very eyes of the 
Pragjyotisas, O Bharata, he broke it into 
pieces placing it on his thighs. This feat 
was indeed wonderful. 

67. Beholding that mighty feat achieved 
by the puisssant Rakshasa, the celestials in 
the heavens, along with the Gandharvas 
and the sages were amazed. 

68. The Pandavas also, O mighty 
monarch, headed by Bhimasena, filled the 
earth with their shouts of 'well-done' 'well- 

69. Hearing the roars of the delighted 
Pandavas of high soul, the highly powerful 
Bhagadatta that fierce bowman was unable 
to brook them. 

70. Then stretching }ihis mighty bow 
equal to the thunderbolt of Indra in efful- 
gence, he assailed with vehemence the 
mighty car- warriors of the Pandavas, 

71. Discharging, as he advanced, res- 
plendent darts of exceeding sharpness and 
of the effulgence of fire. He pierced Bhima 
with jone shaft and the Rakshasas^with nine, 

72. Abhimanyu with three, and the 
Kekayas with five. Then with a shaft of 
straight joints, shot from his bow drawn to 
its fullest length, 

73. He pierced in that battle the right 
arm of Kshatradeva, and suddenly the 
latter's excellent bow with shafts fixed on 
the string fell down, loosend from the 

74. Then again he pierced the^five sons 
of Droupadi with five shafts, and inflamed 
with rage he slew the chargers of Bhima- 



75. Then with three shafts he cut down 
Bhima's standard bearing the device of the 
lion, and with another three winged shafts 
he penetrated the latter' s charioteer. 

76. The charioteer Visoka thus deeply 
pierced and extremely pained by Bhaga- 
datta in the conflict, squatted down on 
the terrace of the car, O foremost of the 

77. Then O mighty monarch, that fore- 
most of car-warriors nhima, thus deprived 
of the use of* his car, quickly leapt on from 
his excellent chariot wirh a mace in hand. 

78. Beholding him with the uplifted 
mace resemble a crested mountain, your 
troops, O Bharata, were seized with panic. 

76. At this juncture, O kin^, that son 
of Pandu, whose charioteer is Krishna, 
came destroying his foes right and left, 

80. To that part of the field where those 
two foremost of the men, those two mighty 
car-warriors, viz Bhimasena and Ghatot- 
kacha, father and son, were engaged with 
the ruler of the Pragyotisas. 

81. Beholding his brothers, all mighty 
car-warriors, thus engaged in battle, that 
son of Pandu (Arjuna), O foremost of the 
Bharatas, joined the fight scattering his 
shafts on all sides. 

82. Then that mighty car-warrior 
namely Duryodhana himself in all haste 
urged on his army teeming with chariots 
and elephants. 

83. Thereupon that son of Pandu own- 
ing white steeds, rushed with velocity against 
the mighty army of the Kouravas that was 
speedily advancing. 

84. Then in that combat, O Bharata, 
Bhagadatta also, crushing the ranks of the 
Pandavas with that elephant of his, assail- 
ed Yudhisthira himself. 

85. Thereat, O sire, a fierce battle 
commenced t>etween Bhagadatta on one 
side, and the Panchalas, the Srinjayas, 
and the Kekayas on the other, all with wea- 
pons upraised. 

86. In the course of that combat, Bhim- 
sena apprised Kesava and Arjuna of the 
slaughter of Iravai as it had happened. 

Thus ends the ninety^sixth chapter, the 
prowess of Bhagadatta, in the Bhisma- 
badha of the Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

I. Hearing his son Iravat slain, Dhanan- 
jaya. overwhelmed with grief and sighing 
like a snake, 

2 — 3. Spoke, O king, these words add- 
ressing the son of Vasudeva, even on the 
field of battle. '*Surely the high-minded 
Vidura of great wisdom divined before- 
hand this dreadful destruction of the Kurus 
and the Pandavas. It was therefore that 
he forbade king Dhritarastra. 

4. Innumerable other heroes, O slayer 
of Madhu. have been slain by ourselves 
and the Kouravas in this sanguinary war. 

5. For the sake of wealth, O foremost 
of men, vile deeds are being perpetrated. 
Fie on that wealth for the sake of which this 
destruction of kinsmen is being perpetrated. 

6. Death is preferable, for him who has 
no wealth, to the acquistion of wealth by 
the slaughter of his kins-men. What good 
O Krishna, shall we reap, slaughtering 
these our kinsmen assembled together. 

7. In consequence of the faults of 
Duryodhana and those of Sakuni the son 
of Suvala, and in consequence of the wicked 
counsels of Kama, the Kshatriyas are 

suffering destruction. 

8. Now, O slayer of Madhu, do I realise a great act of piety, O mighty-armed, 

! one, did the king 1 Yudhisthira) do by 
begging of Suyodhana, 

9. Either half of the kingdom or else 
fij^e villages only. But the pervert Duryo- 
dhana turned deaf ears to our solicitations. 
Beholding these Kshatriyas, all brave 
warriors, prostrate on the surface of the 

10. I can not but reproach myself. Fie 
fie on the life of a Kshatriya. These 
Kshatriyas may consider me ineapable of 
battling any longer, 

XI. B It, O sla»'er of Madhu, this battle 
with my kinsmen does not at all please me. 
However, swiftly drive the horses towards 
the army of the sons of Dhritarastra. 

12. 1 shall cross this ocean of battle 
incapable of being crossed by the strength 
of my arms. Surely, O Madhava, this is 
not the time^ for the display of feminine 


13. Thus spoken to by the sen of Pritha, 
that slayer of liostile heroes Ketava, urged 
on those or earn -coloured steeds endued with 
the floetness of the wind. 



14. Thereupon a deafening uproar was 
set up by your troops, O Bharata, like that 
of the ocean lashed into fury by the wind 

*ln the day of the new moon or the full 

15. Then in the afternoon, O mighty 
m>narchj the battle that was fought between 
Bhisma and the Pandavas, resembled in 
Its din the rumble of the rain cloud Par- 

16. Then your sons, O kinqf, surround- 
ing Drona like the Vasus encirclitig Vasava, 
assailed Bhimasena. 

17. Thereafter Bhisma the son of 
Santanu, Kripa the foremost of car-warriors, 
Bhaj^adatta and S^^^rman rushed against 

18. The son of Hridika and Valhika 
both assailed Satyaki. King Amvastaka 
encountered Abhimanyu. 

19. The rest of the warriors, O mighty 
monarch, engaged with other great car- 
warriors of tne hostile party. Then com- 
menced an awful engagement whose aspect 
was indeed terrible. 

20. Bhimasena beholding yotir sons, O 
rulei of men, in battle, blazed forth in anger 
liice the sacrificial fire blazing forth with 
clarrfted butter. 

21. Your sons, O king, covered that son 
of Kunti with a shower of arrows like 
clouds covering a mountain with torrents 
of ram during the rainy season, 

22. Then, O ruler of men, when thus 
covered with arrows by your sous, that hero 
Bhimn, agile as a tiger, began to lick the 
corners of his mouth. 

23. Thereafter, O Bharata, he felled 
VyuJoraska with a sharp arrow furnished 
with a head like that of a horse-shoe ; and 
the latter was deprived of his life. 

24. Then again with an well-tempered 
»nd well-sharpened broad-headed shaft, he 
felled Kundaiiu, like a lion felling a small 

25. Then Bhima fixed on his bow-string 
arrows well -tempered and of exceeding 
sharpness. Getting near your sons, O sire, 
he let these arrows go with great lightness 
and with good aim. 

26. These arrows sped by that firm 
bowman Bliimasena be^-^an to overthrow 
your sons, all mighty cai-warriors, from 
thdr seats. 

27. Bhima felled Anaghristti, Kunavcda, 
Vairata, Deerghalochana, Deerghavahu and 

;l8. When falling, these heroes, O acion 
of the Bharata race, appeared beautiful 

like blossoming mango trees falling down 
in the spring, 

29. Then considering the highly puissant 
Bhima to be the Destroyer incarnate, the 
rest of your sons, O ruler of men fled with 

30. Then Drona covered that hero 
(Bhima) who had been consuming your 

sons, with a shower of shafts, like showers 
of rain covering the mountain breast. 

31. Then indeed we beheld the wonder- 
ful proewss of the son of ICunti, in as much 
as, tliough opposed by Drona himself, 
he succeeded in slaughtering your sons, 

32. Just as a heifer bears the shower of 
rain falling from the skies, so did Bhima 
bear the arrowy downpour discharged by 
Drona, like one undaunted. 

33. KeaUy, O mighty monarch, Vriko- 
dara achieved marvellous feats, in as much 
as he succeeded in slaying your sons and 
opposing Drona simultaneously. 

34. Then the elder brother of Arjuna 
played amidst your heroic sons like, O 
monarch, a powerful tiger roviag amidst 
a herd of deer. 

35- Just a wolf, remaining inside a herd 
of cattle, chases and terrifies them, so, in that 
battle, did Vrikodara crush and frighten 
your sons, 

36. The son of Ganga, Bhagadatta. 
the mighty car-warrior GoUmi's son, ad 
opposed in battle Arjuna hinwelf the son 
of Pandu. 

37. Then that Atiratha checking the 
enemies' weapons with his own weapons, 
despatched many mighty heroes of the 
hostile rank to the regions of Death. 

38. Then Abhimanyu with his shaftSr 
deprived that foremost of car-warriors, 
viz king Amvasta of world-wide fame, of 
his car. 

39. Deprived of his car and wounded 
by the illustrious son of Subhadra, he 
quickly jumped down from his car in shame 
and O lord of men, 

4o« Hurled his sword at the high- 
souled son of Subhadra. Thereafter that 
highly-powerful hero ascended the car ol 
the son of Hridika. 

41. Then that slayer of hostile hero, 
namely Abhimanyu, versed in all the modes 
of warfare, beholding the swiftly advancing 
sword, evaded its strake by the agility of 
his movements. 

42. Beholding the sword thus baffled by 
the son of Subhadra, in that battle, the 
troops, O ruler of men, set up an up- 
roar crying 'well -done' 'well-done/ 

bhismA parva. 


43. Other warriors of the Pandava host 
headed by Dhrishtadyumna himself, engaged 
with your warriors ; so also your warriors 
fought against the troops of the Panda vas. 

44. Then when they were thus slaughter- 
ing one another mercilessly and achieving 
feats difficult of being accomplished, fierce 
was the battle that raged between your and 
tlieir warriors. 

45. In that battle the warriors, O sire, 
dragging one another by the hair, fought 
on striking one another with their fin- 
ger-nails, their teeth, their bloWs and 

46. Their sabres and palms and sinewy 
arms. Availing themselves of one another's 
weaknesses, they despatched one another to 
the regions of Death. 

47. Father slew son and son slew father. 
In that battle men fought on making 
the best use of all their limbs. 

48. Beautiful bows with their staves 
decked with gold, O Bharata, loosened 
from the hold of slain warriors, and preci- 
ous ornaments, 

49. And whetted shafts furnished with 
g^olden or argentine wings and cleansed 
with oil and resembling snakes that have 
recently cast of their slough, shone on 
the field (as they lay scattered thereon). 

50. Swords with hilts made of ivory and 
decked with gold, and bucklers, belong- 
ing to bowmen, embossed with gold, lay 
scattered on the field, loosened from the 
grasp of their wielders. 

51. Lances and darts and battle-axes, 
ana javelins, all decked with gold and of 
golden hue, 

52. And, O sire, beautiful coats of mail, 
heavy and light bludgeons, maces, battle* 
axes and small arrows, 

53. And diverse*sharped, caparisons 
for elephants, and chamaras and fans and 
numeroas bows variegated and decol- 
lated with gold, lay scattered on the field. 

54. Men lying on the field with diverse 
weapons in grasp looked as> if alive, though 
those mighty car-warriors were all deprived 
of the vital breaths. 

55. With their bodies crushed with 
strokes of maces, their heads smashed 
with the blows of bludgeons, and thorough- 
ly mangled by the cars and elephants 
and steed, men lay on the field. 

56. Then the surface of the earth co* 
vered over witli carcasses and corpses of 
of men and elephants and steeds, ap- 
peared, U king, as if covered with hil- 


57. — 58 The field of battle was strewn 
over with fallen darts, swords, arrows , 
lances, sabres, axes, piked stakes, iron 
crows, battle-axes, clubs and bludgeons, 
and Sataglmees and bodies mutilated with 
weapons. • 

59. O slayer of enemies, the earth cover- 
ed with some warriors silent in death, with 
others weltering in their blood and with 
some again moaning feebly, became highly 

60 — 61. O Bharata, the field of battle 
assumed a beautiful aspect, being strewn 
over with arms of mighty warriors smeared 
with sandal-paste and adorned with lea- 
thern fences and bracelets, as also with 
well -shaped thighs resembling the trunks 
of elephants, and with severed heads of 
large-eyed combatants, graced with gems 
and ear-rings. 

62. Covered over with blood -soiled 
armours and golden ornaments, the field of 
battle appeared most beautiful as if scat- 
tered over with fires of mild flames. 

63. With ornaments of various kinds 
loosened from their places, with bows fallen 
about, with shafts of golden wings lying 

64. With many broken cars decked 
with rows of bells, with numerous slain 
steeds bespattered with gore and their ton- 
gues protruding, 

65. With car-bottoms, and standards* 
quivers, pennons^ huge milk-white conchs^ 
belonging to mighty warriors, 

66. With trunkless elephants, scattered 
on the field, the earth appeared charming 
like a damsel adorned with various sorts of 

67—68. Then also with othel* elephants 
pierced with lances and pained to the 
extreme, and repeatedly uttering shrieks 
of agony with their trunks, the field of 
battle appeared beautiful as if covered 
with moving mountains. With blankets 
of various colours, and caparisons of ele- 

69. With well-shaped hooks having 
their handles decked with lapises, with 
belU of huge elephants scattered here and 

70. With cleat! housings of wonderful 
workmanship, with the skins ef Ranku 
deer, with beautiful neck-laces and golden 

71. With many broken implements of 
war, with golden darts, with many gold- 
fringed bi cast-plates of siteds soiled with 



72. With severed arms of horse-soldiers, 
adorned with bracelets and scattered about, 
with well -polished lances of keen-points and 
with resplendent swords, 

73. With variegated turbans fallen off 
and lying about, with wonderful crescent* 
shaped arrows of golden effulgence, 

74. With housings of steeds, with skins 
of Ranku deer, torn and soiled, with beauti- 
ful and precious gems that had graced the 
turbans of the kings, 

75. With umbrellas, and chamarat and 
fans scattered about, with moon-like or 
lotus-like faces of warriors conspicuous with 
charmif>g car- rings, 

76. And graced with well-clipped beards, 
and beautified, O king, with Kundalas of 
golden effulgence, 

77. The earth looked like the sky be- 
spangled with the stars and the planets. 
Thus, O Bharata, the two mighty armies 
crushed one another, 

78. Encountering one another in battle. 
When, O Bharata, the two armies were 
crushed and exhausted and completely 

79. The hideous pall of night fell over 
the earth and the Bght could no longer be 
discerned. Then the Kurus and the Panda- 
vas withdrew their forces from the fiek!. 

80. When that hideous night, fierce and 
dreadful, set in, both tlie TCurus and the 
Pandavas, having withdrawn their forces, 
entered their encampments and retired to 
their respective tents. 

Thus ends the ninety' sevenih chapter^ 
the withdrawal of the forces tn the etghth 
day's fight t in the Bhisma-badha of the 
Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. Then king Duryodhana, Sakuni the 
son of Suvala, your son Dussasana and the 
invincible son of c^uta, 

2. These assembled together, O monarch, 
began to consult as to *how could the sons 
of Pandu with their partisans be conquered 
in battle.' 

3. Thereafter king Duryodhana,address- 
ing the son of Suta and the highly powerful 
son of Suvala, spoke to all his counsellors 
thus : — 

4. " Even Drona, Bhisma, Kripa, Safy;i, 
and the son of Somadatta cannot withstand 
the sons of Pritha in battle. 1 know not 
what the cause may be. 

5. Thus unslain, they (the Pandavas) 
are every day reducing my troops in great 
number. Therefore, O Kama, I am becom- 
ing weaker in strength, and my store of 
weapons is also being exhausted. 

6. I am deceived by the warlike Panda- 
vas, who cannot even be slain by the celes- 
tials themselves. 1 am doubtful of the 
means as to how to smite them down in 
battle." Tq these words of the ruler of 
men, O king, Suta's soii replied : — 

Kama said :— 

7. "Grieve not,0 foremost of the Bhara- 
tas, I will compass your pleasure. Let 
Bhisma the son of Santanu be speedily 
withdrawn from the battle. 

8. When, O scion of the Bharata race, 
the son of Ganga shall cease to fight, and 
when he shall lay aside his weapons, I will 
slay the soi^s of^Pritha together with all the 

9. In the battle even befere the eyes of 
Bhisma himself. O king, I pledge my trotK 
for this. Bhisma always uses the Panda- 
vas liniently. 

10. Bhisma also is incapable of con- 
quering these mighly-car-warriors (the 
Pandavas) in battle. Moreover Bhisma 
is proud in battle and is very fond of battle. 

11. How could he, O sire, then conquer 
the Pandavas who have mustered a mighty 
force. Therefore, without the least delay, 
hying yourself towards the tent of.Bhisma, 

12. Persuade that venerable and old 
hero to lay aside his weapons. Thus when 
Bhisma will lay aside his weapons, you 
shall see j the Pandavas slain, 

13. With all their kinsmen and allies^ 
by my single self in battle *' 

Saiijaya said :— 

Thus spoken to by Kama, your son Duryo- 

14 — 15. Then said these words address- 
ing his brother Dussasana : — ' Look to it, 
O Dussasana, that all my retinue may 
without delay be dressed and ready . 
Having thus spoken, O kint;, to Dussasana, 
that ruler of men addressed Kama saying : 

16. ** Having persuaded that foremost 
of men, Bhisma, to withdraw himself from 
the battle, 1 shall soon come back to you, O 
represser of foes. 

1;. When Bhisma will be withdrawn 
from the fight, you shall slay the Pandavas 



in battle.'* Then, O ruler of men, your 
son, without any more loss of time, set out, 

18 — 19. Accompained by his brothers, 
and looking like Indra surrounded by the 
celestials. l*hereafter, his brother Dussa- 
5ana, helped that foremost of kings equ;)l 
lo a tiger in strength, to mount on his steed. 
Decked with bracelets^ with a diadem on 
liis head, and, O king, his arms graced with 
other ornaments, t 

20 — 22. That son of yours, O monarch, 
shone brightly as he went towards Rhisma*s 
tent. Smeared with fragrant sandal paste 
of the colour of vandi flowers and of the 
effulgence of gold, and vested in dirtless 
raiments, and proceeding with the playful 
gait of the lion, O king, Duryodhana ap- 
peared beautiful like the bright-rayed orb 
of day in the skies. As that foremost of 
men (Duryodhana) proceeded towards the 
tent of Bhisma, 

23. Numerous fierce bowmen of world- 
wide fame with bows in hand, as also his 
brothers all mighty bowmen, followed him 
Hke the celestials foil jwing Vasava. 

24. Mounted on other horses, elephants 
and chariots, other foremost of men, O Bha- 
rata, surrounded him on all sides. 

25. Many of his friends bearing weapons 
came there for protecting the king, and 
they accompainea him like the celestials 
accompanying Indra in heaven. 

26. Thus honoured by the Kurus, that 
highly puissant kmg of the Kurus repaired 
to the son of Ganga of illustrious fame. 

27 — 28. Followed and surrounded by his 
uterine brothers, he proceeded, raising his 
right arm sinewy like the trunk of the 
elephant and capable of crushing all his 
foes, and therewitn accepting the homages 
offered by men on all sides with their 
raised and folded palms. 

29. He heard sweet words uttered by 
the assembled inhabitants of various 
countries. That illustrious one was ap- 
plauded and eulogised by the bards and 

30^31. That lord paramount of all men 
honoured all these men in return. Many 
high-souled persons then sorrounded him 
on all sides with golden lamps, lighted and 
fed with fragrant oil. Thus surrounded 
by those lighted lamps made of gold, king 

32. Shone resplendent like the moon 
surrounded by blazing mighty planets. 
Then attendants, graced with golden tur- 
bans, and bearing canes and yharj'haras 
in their hands, 

33. Gradually cleared the crowd that 
surrounded the king on all bides. There- 

after, the king, reaching the beautiful tent 
of Bhisma, 

34. And then descending from his horse, 
that ruler of men approached Bhismi. 
Thereafter doing obeisance to Bhisma, he 
seated himself on a beautiful seat, 

35. Made of gold, of exquisite work- 
manship and overspread with an excellent 
coverlet. Then he thus spoke to Bhisma, 
with his palms folded, his voice choked in 
grief and his eyes bathed in tears. 

36. "Relying upon 3'ou, O slayer of foes, 
we are even capable of vanquishing in 
battle the celestials and the A suras united 
together, with Indra at their head, 

37. What to speak of the sons of Pandu 
though they may be warlike and supported 
by their fiiends, allies, and kinsmen. There- 
fore, O son of Ganga, O lord, it behoves 
you to be merciful on me. 

38. Do you slay the heroic sons of Pandu' 
like tlie great Indra slaying the Danavas*^ 
*0 monarch, 1 shall slaughter all the- 

39. The Panchalas, the Kekayas. along, 
with the Karushas, O Bhanita.' These 
were your words to me, verify them by 
slaying the assembled sons of Pritha, 

40. As also the Somakas, aFI fierce bow- 
men. Prove, O Bharata, the truth of your 
words. But if out of mercy, or out of you* 
hatred, O lord, 

41. For my unfortunate self, you are 
inclined to spare tl>e $oi>s of Pancu, then 
permit Kama, that ornament of .battle^ to 
join the fight. 

42. He will conquer the sons of Pirtha 
together with alt their friends, allies and 
kinsmen." Having thus spoken, your 
royal son Duryodhana stopped, without 
saying no other word to Bhbma of dread- 
ful prowess. 

Thus ends the ninety-eighth chapter, the 
colloquy between Bhisma and Durycdhana^ 
in the Bhisma'badha of the Bhisnta 


Saiqaya said :— 

X. Thereupon the high-souled Bhisma, 
thus deeply pierced by the dagger -like 
words of your son and overwhelmed with 
grief, spoke not even a single dibiigreeable 
word to your son. 



' I 

2. Thus mutilated with those 'wordy 
d^Pgers ' and sififhin}* like a snake, and me- 
ditating for a while, and possessed with rage 

/ and sorrow, 

3. And raising, out of wrath, his two 
eyes, as if, O Bharata, desirous of consuming 
the universe with the celestials, the Gan- 
dharvas, and the Asuras, that foremost of 
those learned in the ways of the world 
(viz Bhisma), 

4. Coolly addressed these words to 
your son: — " Why, O Duryodhana, are you 
piercing me with these harrowing words of 

5. Me who am ever endeavouring, to the 
best of my abilities, to accomplish what will 
be for your benefit, me who am ready to 
lay down my very life in battle, for doing 
good to you 7 

6. Is not this the sufficient indication 
(of his invincibility) that heroic son of 
Pandu (Arjuna), gratified Agni by allowing 
it to consume the Khandava forest, after 
having vanquished his opponents in battle ? 

7. When, O mighty-armed hero, that 
son of Pandu released, with force, you 
captured by the Gandharvas, that indeed is 
indication enough (of his prowess.) 

8. On that occasion, when all your 
uterine brothers of great heroism, as also, 

lord, Radha's son of Suta race had f)ed 
forsaking you, the rescue effected by 
Arjuna is indeed indication enough of his 

9. That in the kingdom of Virata, 
«inv;Ie<-handed, he encontered our assembl- 
ed host is indication enough. 

10. That vanquishing the wrathful 
Drona and myself in battle, he succeeded 
in taking off our raiments, is indication 

XX. That he conquered the great bow- 
man, the son of Drona, %s also the son of 
Saradwata on the occasion of the capture 
of Virata's kine, is indeed indication 

^ '***I2. That conquering Kama ever bragg- 
ing of his manlmess, he gave his robes to 
Uttar^ is a sufficient indication, 

13. That the son of Pritha vanquished 
In battle the Nivatakavacha brothers di- 
fficult of vanquishment by Indra himself is 
Indication enough of his valour. 

14. What man is capable of conquering 
the mighty son of Pandu, who is protected 
by the Protector of the worlds, the wielder 

01 the conch, discus and the mace divine. 

15. The son of Vasudeva is of infinite 
prpwesS; and 15 the Destroyer of this crea- 

tion. He is the L<^rd of all, the God of 
Gods, the Supreme Soul and Eternal. 

16. Diversely, O kin<r, has He been des- 
cribed by Narada and other illustrious sages. 
But through your folly, O Suyodhana, 
you do not seem to recognise wliat you 
should do and what you should not. 

17. A man on the brink of death sees 
everything to be made of gold ; so also, O 
son of Gandhari, you see everything to be 
invested with a yellow hue. 

18. You have yourself sowed impla- 
cable enmity between yourself on the one 
side and the Pandavas and Srinjayas on the 
other. Let us now see you fight with them 
in battle. Display your manhness. 

19. I, however, O foremost of men, shall 
slay the assembled Panchalas and Somaka^ 
excepting only Sikhandln. 

30. Either slain by them in battle, I 
shall go to the mansion of Death or slaying 
them I shall afford delight to you. 

a I. In the palace of Drupada, Sikhan-* 
din was first born as a woman ; then 
through the virtue of a boon he became a 
male being. This one is the Sikhandini of 

22. Even if I were to loose my life, O 
Bharata, I shall not slay him. This one is 
the same Sikhandini whom the creator 
made a female. 

23. Pass the night in tranquil sleep, O 
son of Gandhari ; tomorrow I shall fight a 
terrible fight, of which men shall speak so 
long as the earth will endure." 

24. Thus spoken to, your son, O ruler 
of men, came out and saluting the reverend 
signor, with his head, he (your son) repaired 
to his own tent. 

25. Thereafter the king, reaching his 
own tent| and ordering his illustrious onicers 
to retire, that destroyer of foes entered his 
own camp. 

26. There in his tent that ruler of men 
passed the night. When the night had 
passed away, the king, rising at the break 
of day, 

27. Ordered, his royal warriors saying : — • 
•Arrange the forces in battle-order. To-day, 
waxing irascible in battle, Bhisma shall 
slay the Somakas. ' 

28. Having heard those copious lamen- 
tation of Duryodhana in the night, and re- 
garding them, O king, as commands to 

29. The son of Santanu was greatly de- 
pressed ; and he censured the life of dcpen-p 
dency and reflected for a long time, desirous* 
of encountering Arjuna in battle. 



30. Coming to know from outward ex- 
pressions what the son of Ganga had 
been thinking of, Diiryodhana, O mighty 
monarch ordered Dussasana saying : — 

31. *• O Dussasana, without delay draw 
up our chariots for protecting Bhisma. 
Urge to battle all our two and twenty divi- 

32. Even that for which we have been 
longing all these years, have now come to 
pass, viz, the slaughter of the Pandavas 
with all their troops and the acquisition of 
the kingdom by ourselves. 

33. Therefore, I now consider our high- 
est duty to be the protection of Bhisma. 
Protected and assisted by us, he will slay 
the Parthas in battle. 

34. That pure-souled one had said : — 'I 
will not slay Sikhandin ; for this one was a 
female before, O king, so 1 should avoid him 
in battle. 

35. All the world know, that to compass 
the pleasure of my father, O mighty armed 
one, 1 formerly relinquished a swelling 
kingdom and the company of woman. 

36. Therefore, O foremost of men, I 
wilt not slay in battle females or those who 
were females before. I tell this truly. 

37* Before the commencement of the 
battle I have told you, — and you have heard 
— that this Sikhandin was born formerly as 
a female and was called Sikhandini. 

38. Born as a female child she has come 
to be a man. If now I am to fight with him 
I will sped my shafts towards him on no 

39. I will, O sire, slay all other Kshatr iy- 
as in battle, who, desirous of victory to the 
Pandavas, shall happen to encounter me 
in the van of the battle.' 

40. Thus did that foremost of the Bhara- 
tas, accomplished in the vedas, namely the 
son of Ganga address me. So I consider our 
foremost duty to be the protection of Ganga's 
son to the best of our abilities. 

41. If left unprotected, in a great forest, 
even a wolf can slay a lion. We should 
not allow Ganga's son to be slain by Sikhan- 
ilin like a lion slain by a wolf. 

42. Our maternal uncle Sakuni, Salya, 
Kripa, Drona, and Vivinsati, should pro* 
tect, putting iforth their best energies, the 
«on of Ganga. If he is duly protected, vic- 
tory indubitably will be ours." 

43. Hearing these words of Duryodhana, 
all those warriors surrounded on all sides 
with a host of cars, the son of Ganga. 

44. Then your sons, surrounding Ganga*s 
son, proceeded to battle shaking the earth 

and the heavens and agitating the Panda« 

45. The mighty car-warriors of the 
Kurus, clad in armour, and supported by 
those cars and many elephants, formed them- 
selves in battle-array encircling Bhisma. 

46. Protecting that mighty car-warrior 
Bhisma, they stood like the celestials pro- 
tecting the wielder of the thunder-bolt in the 
battle between themselves and the A suras. 

47 — ^49. Thereafter king Duryodhana 
addressing his brothers once more said :— 
** Yudhamanyu protects the left wheel of 
Arjuna's chariot and Uttamaujas protects 
the right. Thus protected, Arjuna protects 
Sikhandin. O Dussasana, so arrange, that 
Sikhandin, thus protected by Arjuna, may 
not slav Bhisma left unprotected by our-r 
selves. Hearing the words of his brothers, 
your son Dussasana, 

50. Placing Bhisma at the van proceedecj 
to battle, surrounded by the troops. Be- 
holding Bhisma thoroughly encompassec) 
by a host of cars, 

51. Arjuna, the foremost of car- warrior 
said to Dhristadyumna ; — '*Let, O Priitceo| 
the Panchalas, Sikhandin, that foremost of 
men be placed face to face with Bhisma. 
I myself will be his protector, O prince. 

Thus ends the ninety 'nirUh chapter^ 
the colloquy between Duryodhana an4 
Dussasana tn the Bhisma-hadha of the. 
Bhisma Parva, 



Saijaya said :— 

1. Thereafter, Bhisma the son of San-p 
tanu advanced with his troops ; and he 
formed his own troops in the array known 
as Sarvatobhadra, 

2. Kripa, Kritavarman, the mighty car- 
warrior Saivya, Sakuni, the ruler of the 
Sindhus, and Sudakshina, the ruler of the 

3. All these, O Bharata, accompanied 
by Bhisma, and along with your sons 
stationed themselves in the van of all the 
troops, Q,nd in the very head of the liaucava 

4. Drona, Bhurisravas, Salya and 
Bhagadatta, O sire, clad in mail, stood 
defending the right wing of that array. 

5. Aswathaman, Somadatta, and the 
two princes of Avanti, both mighty car- 



warriors, supported by a large division, 
defended the left wing. 

6. King Duryodhana, surrounded by 
the Trigarttas on all sides, stood, O 
monarch, O Bharata, in the centre of the 
array facing the Pandavas. 

7. That foremost of car- warriors Alam- 
vusha, and the mighty car-warrior Sruta- 
yulha, cased in armour, stood in the rear 
of the array behind all the troops. 

8. Thus, O Bharata, your warriors, 
having formed this mighty array and cased 
in armour, appeared as if leaping forward. 

9. Then kin^ Yudhisthira and that son 
of Pandu, Bhimasena, and Nakula and 
Sahadeva the two sons of Madri, 

10. All cased in mail, stood in the van 
of their array at the front of all the troops. 
Dhristadyumna, Virata, the mighty car- 
warrior Satyaki. 

11. All these warriors stood prepared 
for battle, with their mighty divisions 
desirous of destroyiug the ranks of the 
enemy. Sikhandin, Arjuna, the Rakshasa 

I2« The mighty-armed Cheldtana, the 
highly puissant Runtivoja, all these, O 
mighty monarch, stood ready for fight, 
surrounded by their large divisions. 

13. That fierce bow-man Abhimanyu, 
the highly powerful Drupada, and the 
Kekaya brothers, cased in armour, stood 
ready for combat. 

14. Thus the heroic Pandavas form- 
ing this mighty and invincible counterarray, 
stood, cased in mail, prepared for the 
en$£ijng struggle. 

15. Your warriors, O king, supported 
by large divisions and placing Bhisma at 
their head, charged, putting forth all their 
energies, the sons of Pritha on the field. 

16. So also, O king, the Pandavas 
headed by Bhimasena himself, and desirous 
of wining victory, rushed to battfe with a 
view to encounter Bhisnoa. 

21. Then the earth began to tremb!e 
with the loud din. Birds uttering fierce 
shrieks hovered over our heads. 

22. The sun that had risen in all splen* 
dour, now bi^ame bedim med in effulgence ; 
and dreadful winds began to blow portend- 
ing ominous results. 

23. Fearful jackals yelling terribly roved 
there, harbingering, O mighty monarch, 
a great carnage. 

24. The points of the compass, O king, 
appeared to be blazing, and showers of 
stone began to fall, as also showers of 
bones mixed copiously with blood. 

25. Tears dropped from the eyes of the 
animals that ^^ere all weeping ; and O 
ruler of men, preyed upon by anxiety, they 
frequently discharged urme. 

26. O foremost of the Bharatas, fierce 
war-cries of heroes were drowned by the 
terrible uproar uttered by Rakshasas and 

27. Jackals, vultures, crows and dogs 
yelling various shrieks, began, O sire, to 
pounce and swoop down upon the ranks of 

28. Blazing meteors, striking against the 
solar disc, began to drop dpwn suddenly on 
earth portending mighty terrors. 

29. Thereafter the two mighty arrays of 
the Pandavas and the Kouravas, during 
that dreadful fight, began to shake owing 
to the tremendous din produced bv the 
blare of conchs and the sound of arums, 
like forests shaken by the tempest. 

30. The din that was produced by the 
two armies teeming with royal warriors, and 
horses, which have encountered each other 
in an inauspecious moment, became deafen- 
ing, like that made by the ocean when it is 
lashed into fury by the tempest. 

Thus ends the hundredth chapter, the 
sighting of omens, in the Bhisma^badha of 
the Bhtsma Parva. 

17. With their war-cries and confused 
uproars and the blare of Krakachas and 
sound of drums, cymbals, cow- horns, and 
panavas, and the roars of their elephants. 

i8. And with fierce yells, the Pandavas 
rushed to battle. With the sound of our 
drums, cymbals, conchs, Dunduvis, 

19. With fierce war-cries, and other 
kinds of shouts, hastily did we advance to 
meet the foe, 

20. All inflamed with rage. Thereupon 
ensued an awful and fierce engagement, 
in which the soldiers, rushing at one another, 
smote one another down. 


Sanjaya said :— 

I. Thereafter the generous hero Abhi- 
manyu borne by excellent steeds of tawny 
colour, rushed against the mighty divisions 
of Duryodhana, 

2 — 3. Showering an arrowy downpour 
like the clouds showering rain. All your 
warriors, O scion of the Kuru race, were 



not able to resist that slayer of foes, that 
enraged son of Subhadra, who had then, 
armed with weapons.'plunged into the illi- 
mitable ocean of the ICaurava army. 

4. Arrows capable of crushing the foes, 
O king, being dischareed by him in that 
battle, conveyed many heroic Kshatriyas to 
the mansion of the king of the departed. 

5. Inflamed with rage, Subhadra's son 
discharged in that battle fierce arrows that 
resembbd the mace of Death, and blazing 
snakes of virulent venom. 

6. That son of Phalguna, soon shattered 
into pieces may cars with their rider and 
many elephant- warriors with the elephants 
they rode upon. 

7. When he was achieving these wonder* 
ful feats in battle, the rulers of earth great- 
ly delighted worshipped and applauded the 
son of Phalguna. 

8. That son of Subhadra, O Bharata, 
scattered your divisions, like the tempest 
scattering a heap of cotton on all sides in the 

9. Thus scattered by him, your troops, 
O Bharata, could not find a protector, like 
elephants sunk deep in mire. 

10. Thus routing all your troop, O fore- 
most of men, Abhimanyu stood, O king, like 
a blazing fire with not a streak of smoke. 

11. Your troops, O king, could not bear 
that slayer of foes, like insects failing to 
bear a blazing fire, when urged on by Fate. 

12. That mighty car- warrior of the 
Pandava host smiting all his opponents, 
appeared like Vasava the wielder of the 

13. His bow of golden stave, moving on 
all sides, appeared beautiful, O king, like 
flashes of lightning illumining the rain- 

14. Arrows, well-sharpened and well- 
tempered, shot from that bow, in that battle, 
appeared, O king, like flights of bees 
coming out from a blossoming tree in a 

15. When that high-souled son of 
Subhadra thus careered through the field 
on his car of golden sides, his foes Could 
not detect any weakness in him. 

16. Confounding Kripa, Orona, Drona's 
son of great prowess, and the ruler of the 
Sindhus, that fierce bow-man began to 
move with celerity and grace on tUe field of 

17. When, O Bharata, he thus con- 
sumed your ranks, I saw his bow drawn as 
to resemble a circle and the solar disc of 

18. BeholdiiTj' him fall upon them with 
celerity, the heroic Kshatriyas considered, 
in consequence of the feats accomplished by 
him, that the world contained two Phal- 

19. Thus crushed by him, O monarch, 
the mighty army of the Bharatas, reeled 
here and there like a woman intoxicated 
with drink. 

20. Thus shattering the mighty hostile 
army and causing the mighty car-warrirrs 
to tremble, |he delighted his forces like 
Vasava (delighting the gods) having con- 
quered Maya. 

at. Crushed by him, your troops in that 
battle, uttered terrible cries of distress re* 
sembling the rumbling of the rain clouds. 

22. Then O Bharata, hearing that fierce 
distressful shriek uttered by your troops, that 
resembled the roar of the tempest-tossed 
ocean in a Parva, 

23. Your son Duryodhana, O king, ad- 
dressing Rishyasringa's son said : — 'Single- 
handed the nephew of Krishna, O mighty* 
armed hero, like a second Phalguna, 

24. Is tossing in rage my army like 
Vritra tossing the celertial host. I Jo not 
see any other efficacious medicine for him 
in battle, 

25. Save and except, O foremost of the 
Rakshasas, your ownself who have seen the 
end of all learning. So encountering with* 
out delay the heroic son of Subhadra, do 
you slay him in battle. 

26. We on the other hand headed by 
Bhfsma and Drona shall slay Arjuna ie 
battle." Thus spoken to that prince of the 
Rakshasas, possessed of might and prowess, 

27. Complying with the commands of 
your son, speedily rushed to battle uttering 
deafening roars like those of clouds in the 
rainy season. 

28. la consequence of those fierce roars 
of his, the mighty army of the Pandavas 
became agitated in all parts, like the ocean 
becoming agitated by the tempest. 

29. Many were they, O king, who terri- 
fied at his roars, fell down on the surface of 
he earth giving up their dear lives. 

30. The nephew of Krishna, filled with 
delight grasping a bow with arrows fixed on 
the string, rushed against the Rakshasa, as 
if dancing in the terrace of his car, 

31. Then that Rakshasa, encountering 
the son of Arjima, began to crush, in rage, 
the latter's divisions even, those that were 
not far from him. 

1 68 


32. Thus slaughtering the vast army of 
the Panda vas, the Rukshasa rushed at it 
like Vala rushing at the celestial host. 

33. Great <vas the carnage that was pro- 
duced, O sire, in the ranks of the enemy, 
When they were assailed and slaughtered by 
the Rakshasa of fearful aspect. 

34. Then with a thousnnd arrows, the 
t^akshasa routed the vast army of the 
Pandavas, displaying the superiority of his 

35. Thus slaughtered by that Rakshasa 
of dreadful expression, the division of the 
Pandavas fled m all directions out of great 

36. Thus crushing the troops in battle 
like an elephant crushing a lotus, that 
highly puissant Rakshasa rushed against 
the sons of Draupadi. 

37. Thereat inflamed with rage, the 
sons of Draupadi, all mighty bowmen ac- 
compUshed in smitting down the foe, 
ruslied against the Rakshasa, like the five 
planets rushing at the sun. 

38. Then that foremost of the Rakshasas 
sorely afHkited by those warriors en- 
dued with prowess, appeared like the moon 
afflicted by the five planets at the time of 
the dreadful dissolution at the end of a 

39. Then the highly powerful Prativin- 
d^^a penetrated the Rakshasa with whetted 
arrows, sharp as battle axes and with keen 

40. With his armour penetrated by those 
arrows, that foremost of the Rakshasas 
appeared beautiful like a mass of rain 
cloud fringed by the rays of the solar orb. 

41. Struck with those arrows funr's'ied 
with golden wings, the son of Rishya- 
sringa, O king appeared beautiful like an 
immovable hill with its crest on fire. 

42. Thereafter the five brothers, in that 
fierce conflict, afflicted that foremost of the 
Rakshasas, with whetted shafts furnished 
with golden wings. 

43. Thus pierced by those dreadful 
arrows lesembling furious snakes, Alam- 
vusha, O king, became infuriated like a 
prince of elephants. 

44. Thus, O monarch, deeply pierced 
and sorely afflicted by those mighty car- 
warriors within a few moments, the Rak- 
shasa remained unconscious in a swoon for, 
a long time. 

45. Thereafter regaining consciousness, 
and swelling through fury to double his 
dimensions, tlie Rakshasa cut off the bows, 
arrows and standards of his adversaries. 

46. Then that mighty car-warrior 
Alamvusha as if dancing on the terrace 
of his car, wounded every one of the 
brothers with 6ve shafts each, smiling all the 

47. Then that hij^hly powerful Rakshasa 
excited to the highest pitch of fury slew 
the steeds and charioteers of his high- 
souled foes, with great activity. 

48. Then again, waxing wroth, he 
pierced them with arrows duly-whetted, of 
diverse shapes, and discharged by hundreds 

49. Then that Rakshasa that ranger of 
the nights, depriving those mighty cham • 
pions of their cars, rushed against them 
desirous of slaying them. 

50 Seeing his brother thus afflicted by 
the wicked-souled Rakshasa in battle, the 
son of Arjuna rushed against the former. 

51. Then between them commenced a 
combat that resembled that between Vritra 
and Vasava. Your troops as also those o ! 
the Pandavas, all mighty car-warriors, 
then began to look at that fight. 

52. Those two highly powerful heroes, 
O monarch, meeting one another in dread- 
ful fight, both burnmg with rage and with 
eyes red in rage, 

53. And both resembling the All-des- 
tructive fire, began to eye one another. That 
encounter between them became dreadful 
and destructive of forces, like that in the 
days of old, between Sakra and Samvara, 
during the battle between the gods and the 

Thus ends the hundred and first 
chapter^ the commencement of the ninth 
day's fightt the encounter between Alam* 
vusha and Abhimanyu^ in the Bhisma* 
bad ha of the Bhisma Parva, 



Dhritarastra said :— 

1. How, O descendant of the Bharata 
race, did Alamvusha fight with the heroic 
son of Arjuna who had been slaying mighty 
car-warriors in battle? 

2. How did also the son of Subhadra 
that slayer of hostile heroes, fight with the 
son of Ri«>hyasringa ? Describe all Ihia 
in detail to me as it actually happened in 
the battle. 



5—4. What did also Bhima, that fore- 
most of car- warriors and the Rakshasa 
Ghotatkacha and Nakulaand Sahadevaand 
the car-warriors Satyaki and Dhananjayado 
to my troops in that battle ? Tell me all this 
truly, O Sanj <ya, for you are well-acquaint- 
ed with the incidents of the battle. 

Sanjaya said :— 

5. I shall describe to yon, O sire, 
in detail, the hair-stirrinjj battle that was 
fought between the prince of the Rakshasas 
and the son of Subhadra ; 

6. As also the prowess that Arjuna and 
Bhimasena the son of Pandu, and Nakula 
and Sahadeva did display in battle ; 

7. As also how your warriors, headed by 
Bhisma and Drona, fearlessly achieved 
many wonderful feats in battle. 

8. In that battle uttering fierce roars at 
Abhimanyu the mighty car-warrior, Alam- 
vusha, repeatedly challenging the former, 

9. Rushed at him saying "Stop, Stop." 
Abhimanyu also, incessantly roaring like a 

10 — II. Rushed at that mighty bowman, 
the son of Rishyasringa, that implacable 
enemy of his father. Thereupon these two 
foremost of car-warriors, man and Raksha- 
sa, impetuously met one another on their 
respective cars, like a deity and a Danava. 
The foremost of the Rakshasas was possess- 
ed of illusive powers while Phalguna's son 
was accomplished in the use of celestial 

12. Thereafter, O mighty monarch, 
Krishna's nephew, piercing the son of 
Rishyasringa with three shafts of exceeding 
sharpness, again pierced him with five. 

13. Thereupon Alamvusha, inflamed with 
rage,p!erced Krishna's nephew on the breast 
with nine swift-coursing shafts, like a guide 
piercing a huge elephant with the hook. 

14. Then that ranger of the night, endued 
with great lightness, afflicted Arjuna's son 
in battle, O Bharata, with thousands of 

15. Thereat Abhimanyu, waxing wroth, 
with nine straight-knotted and whetted 
shafts, pierced that foremost of the Raksha- 
sas on his broad chest. 

16. Those shafts, then piercing through 
his body, penetrated into his very vitals. His 
body mangled with those shafts.the foremost 
of the Rakshasas appeared beautiful, 

17. Like a mountain overirrown with 
blossoming Kinsuka trees. Struck with 
rhose arrows furnished with golden wings, 
ll>ai highly powerful, 

18. And foremost Rakshasa, appeared 
beautiful like a mountain on fire. There- 
upon, O monarch, the vindictive son of 
Rishyasringa, waxii)g wroth, 

19. Pierced, with winged shafts, that 
nephew of Krishna, who resembled the 
great Indra himself. Those j-harp arrows* 
resembling the rod of Death, discharged 
by the Rakshasa, 

20. Piercing through Abhimanayu, pe* 
netrated the surface of the earth. So also, 
gold -decked arrows shot by* the son of 

21. Piercing Alamvusha entered the 
earth. Then the son of Subhadra with his 
straight shafts, 

22. Compelled the Rakshasa to turn 
his face away from the field, like Sakra 
repulsing Maya in the great battle between 
the celestials and the Asuras. Thus repuls* 
ed and afflicted by the foe in battle, the 

23. That afflicter of enemies, created a 
veil of impenetrable darkness through his 
illusive prowess. Then, O ruler of meni 
every body was covered by the gloom ; 

24. And none was able to discern Abhi- 
manyu, or his friends or enemies. Then, 
beholding that palpable darkness of great 
fearfulness, Abhimanyu, 

25. That delighter of the Kuru race, in- 
voked into existence the solar weapon of 
great effulgence. Then, O morvarch, the 
world was again disclosed to the sight. 

26 — 27. And with that weapon Abhi- 
manyu destroyed the illusion of that wicked* 
souled Rakshasa. Then waxing wroth, 
that foremost of men, endued with great 
prowess, covered the prince of the Rak- 
shasas in that battle with a net-work of 
straight-knotted shafts. Various other 

kinds of illusion was created by that Rak- 
shasa ; 

28. But Phalguna's son, of immeasurable 
soul, and versed in the use of all weapons, 
destroyed them all. Then the Rakshasa, 
his illusions all neutralised, and himself 
afflicted with shafts, 

29. Fled out of fear, forsaking his chariot 
even where he was. When that Rakshasa, 
ever fighting unfairly, had been thus speedi- 
ly vanquished, 

30. The son of Arjuna began to crush 
your troops in battle like an infuriated 
excellent elephant agitating a lake having 
lotuses blooming in its waters. 

31. Thereupon Bhisma the s»n of San- 
tanu beholding the troops thus routed by 
the son of Subhadra, checked the latter 
with a mighty shower of arrows. 




32. Then the mighty car-warriors of 
the Dhritarastra's host encircling that single 
hero, began to pierce him forcibly with 
many arrows. 

33. Thereat that hero (Abhimanyu) 
equal in prowess to liis father and to the 
son of Vasudeva in strenglii and powers, 

34. That foremost of all wieldcrs of 
weapon, performed in battle many a won- 
derful feat worthy of his father and his ma- 
ternal uncle. 

35. Thereupon' that heroic Dhananjaya, 
highly enraged, desirous of rescuing his son, 
rushed to the spot where the latter was, 
slaying your troops as he came. 

36. So also, O monarch, your sire 
Devavrata encountered the son of Pritha 
in battle, like Rahu meeting the lustrous 

37. Thereupon, O ruler of men, your 
sons with cars, steeds, and elephants, sur- 
rounded Bliisma in battle and began to 
protect him. 

38. So also, O king, the Pandavas, clad 
in mail, surrounding Dhananjaya, O fore- 
most of the Bharatas, began to put forth all 
their energies in battle. 

39. Then, O king, the son of Saradwata, 
who was stationed in front of Bhisma, 
pierced Arjuna with a number of twenty- 
five arrows. 

40. Rushing against him like a tiger 
rushing against an elephant, Salyaki pierced 
him with whetied shafts, desirous of doing 
good; to the Pandavas. 

41. The son of Gotami also with great 
celerity and wixing wroth, pierced the 
descendant of Madhu's race, on the breast 
with nine shafts^decked with;goIden wings. 

42. Thereat the grandson of Sini also 
highly inflamed with rage, bending his bow 
quickly fixed on the bow-string a sliaft capa- 
ble of doing away with the son of Gotami. 

43. Then the irate aon of Drona seeing 
tiie effulgent dart ci»urse swiftly like the 
thundei-bolt of Indra, speedily cut it in 

44. Th'»reupon that foremcst of car- 
warriors the grandson of Sini, forsakini; 
Gotama's son in battle, rushed towards 
Drona's son, like Rahu In the firmament 
rushing towards the moon. 

45. Then the son of Drona cut off the 
bow of Satyaki in t«\'ain, O Bharata ; then 
he pierced him whose bow had been cut with 
numerous shafts. 

46. Then taking up another bow capable 
of slaying the foe and of bearing greai 
strain, Satyaki pierced the son of Drona on 

the breast and on the arms with a group of 
sixty shafts, O king. 

47. Thus pierced and pained, the latter 
became unconscious and he sat down on the 
terrace of his car and supported himself by 
holding the flagstaff. 

48. Then Drona's son possessed of great 
prowess regaining consciottsness and wax- 
ing wroth, pierced the descendant of the 
Vrishni race with a Naracha, 

49. That Naracha penetrating Sini's 
grandson, entered the surface of the earth 
like a powerful young snake entering its hole 
in the spring. 

50. - Then with another broad-headed 
arrow Drona's son cut down the excellent 
standard of him of Madhu's race ; and then 
uttered a fierce war-cry. 

51. Once more he covered Satyaki with 
a dreadful group of arrows, O monarch, like 
clouds covering the sun at the expiration of 
the summer season. 

52. Satyaki also, O mighty monarch, 
destroying that net-work of arrows, speedily 
scattered on Drona's son a large number of 

53. Then that grandson of Sini, freed 
from that net- work of arrows, like the sun 
emerging out of the clouds, began to 
scorch the son of Drona (with his arrows). 

54. Inflamed with ire,the highly puissant 
Saiyaki once again covered Drona's son 
wiih a thousand shafts ; and then uttered 
his war-cry, 

55. Then beholding his son in that plight, 
like the moon devoured by Kahu, ilie iiighly 
powerful son of Bharadwaja rushed against 
the grandson of Sini. 

56. Then in that great battle, he pierced 
him of the Vrishni race with arrows of ex- 
ceeding sharpness, desirous of rescuing* 
his own son so afflicted by the latter (Sa— 

57. Then abandoning ihnt mighty car- 
warrior that son of the precepu>r Drona, 
Salyaki, pierced Drona wiih twenty sh .fts of 
sharpne^d li&e that ol the battle axe. 

58. At tliis crisis, that afflicier of foes 
that mighty car- warrior the son of Kunti, 
(Aijiuia; waxing wroth, rushed against 

59. Then Drona and Arjuna met in I hat 
Heice bailie, TiKe, O might) monarch, V'tnus 
and Jiipiicr meeting one another on the 

77/ H5 ends the hundnd and second 
chapter^ the encounter between Drona and 
A rj u na,tn the Bh is ma- bad ha oj t h e Bh ism a 



CHAPTER cm. . 

Dhritarastra said:— 

1. How did those two foremost of men, 
those two fierce bowmen, namely Drona and 
Uhananjaya the son of Pandu encountering 
each other, fivjht with each other to the best 
of iheir abilities 7 

2. T\^e son of Pandu is ever dear to the 
highly intelligent son of Bharadwaja ; so 
also, O Sanjaya, the preceptor is always 
dear to Partita in battle. 

3. Those two foremost of car- warriors 
ever delighting in battle, namely Dhanan- 
jH)a and the son of Bharadwaja, how did 
those two heroes, liite two fierce lions en- 
countering one another, fight one another 
putting forth all their energies ? 

Saiijaya said :— 

4. In battle neither Drona regard the 
son of Pritha as dear to him, nor does the 
son of Pritha, keeping in view the duty of 
Kshatriyas, regard tlie preceptor as dear to 

5. Kshatriyas, O king, never shun any 
one in battle ; they fight with their fathers 
or brothers without the slightest regard for 

6. Then. O Bharata, Drona was pierced 
in battle with three shafts by the son of 
Pritha; but the former regarded not those 
arrows shot from Arjuna's bow. 

7. Once more did the son of Pritha 
cover him in that battle with a shower of 
shafts ; and Drona, then blazed up with 
anger like a raging forest conflagration, 

8. Within a short while, with straight- 
jointed shafts, covered Arjuna in that battle, 
O foremost of kings, O Bharata. 

9. Thereafter king Duryodhana com- 
manded king Susarman to protect in battle 

• the flanks of Drona. 

10. Thereupon the ruler of the Trigarttas 
waxing wroth, and stretching his bow full, 
covered the son of Pritha, O foremost of 
king, with many shafts tipped with iron. 

11. Those arrows, O king, discharged 
by Drona and Susarman, shone, O mighty 
monarch, in the heavens like a row of crane 
in the firmament in Autumn. 

12. Those arrows, reaching, the son of 
Kunti, entered into him, like, O lord, a 
dight of birds entering a tree bending with 
the burden of its tasteful fruits. 

13. Thereupon Arjuna, that foremost of 
car-warriurs, uttering his war-cry \i\ battle 

pierced the ruler of the Trigarttas and his 
son with myriads of shaft?. 

14. Thiis pierced by Partha who then 
looked like the Destroyer himself, at the end 
of a Yu^a, they rushed even towards Partha 
himself resolved to die in battle. 

15 — 16. They also poured a shower of 
arrows towards the chariot of Pandu's son. 
Then the latter received that shower of ar- 
rows.O foremost of kines,wiih another show- 
er discharged by himself, like a mountain re- 
ceiving a shower of rain. Then in that 
battle we beheld the wonderful lightness of 
Vibhatsu's hands. 

17. In as much as, single-handed, he 
baffled the indefeasible shower of arrows 
poured bv many, like the wind 'scattering 
masses of clouds. 

1 8. The celestials and the D^in^vas all 
become pleased with that feat of Pritha's 
son. Thereafter Arjuna waxing wroth on 
the Trigarttas, O Bharata, 

19. Discharged, O monarch, the Vaya^ 
vya weapon at the head of the hostile ranks. 
Thereupon r;»ged a tempest agitating th* 
whole welkin, 

20. And fellinir rows of trees, and killing 
hosts of troops. Thereat Drona beholding 
that fierce Vayavya weapon, 

21. Discharjfed, O mighty monarcV, a 
terrible weapon named Saila. When, O 
ruler of men, that weapon was shot by 
Drona in battle, 

22- 23. The wind subsided, and points 
of the compass shone brightly. Thereafter 
that heroic son of Pandu, made the car-divi- 
sion of the Trigarttas despondent and desti- 
tute of prowess, and compelled them to turn 
their faces away from the field of battle. 
Thereat Duryodhana, and Kripa that fore- 
most of car-warriors, 

24. Aswathaman, Salya, Sudakshina 
the ruler of the Kamvojas, the two Avanti 
princes Vinda and Anuvtnda, and Valhika 
with the Valhikas, 

25. These warriors, along with a mighty 
division of cars, surrounded Pritha's son on 
all directions. Also Bhagadatta and Sruta- 
yusha, endued with great strength, 

26. With a mighty elephant division, 
surrounded Bhima on all directions. Also, 
O ruler of men, Bhurisravas, Sala and 
Suvala's son, 

27. With a shower of resplendent shafts 
of exceeding sharpness, resisted the two sons 
of Pandu. In that battle Bhisma, support- 
ed by Dhritarastra's sons along with thejr 

28. Reaching near Yudhisthira, surround- 
ed iiim on all sides. 1 hen Vrikodara the 



son of Pritha, beholdino^ the elephant divi- 
sion advance towards himself, 

29. Licked the corners of Was mouth, 
like the king of beasts in the forest. There- 
after that foremost of car-warriors, grasp- 
ing his mace, in that fierce battle, 

30. Speedily jumped down from his car and 
struck terror into the hearts of your troops. 
Then tl»ose elephant-warriors, beholding 
him stand with mace in hand, 

31. Surrounded him on all sides with 
great carefulness. Then that son ot Pandu, 
standing in the midst of that elephant divi- 
sion, appeared beautiful, 

32. Like the sun- shining in the midst of 
a mass of. clouds. Then that foremost of 
the Pandavas, began to agitate that division 
of elephants, 

33. Like the tempest scattering away a 
mighty net-work of clouds. Then those 
tuskers, slaughtered by the highly powerful 
Bhimasena in battle, 

34. Began to utter distressful shrieks 
like masses of roaring clouds. Mangled 
with the tusks of those elephants in many 
parts of his body, 

35. The son of Pritha appeared beauti- 
ful like a blossoming Asoka tree. Catch- 
ing the tuskers by their tusks, he rooted the 
tusks out, 

36. And with those tusks wounding the 
elephants on their frontal globes felled them 

in battle, like the Destroyer himself wielding 
his mace. 

37. Wielding his mace bathed in bloodi 
with his person be- spattered with fat and 
marrow, and smeared with gore Bhima 
appeared beautiful like the Rudra himself. 

38. . Thus slaughtered, the surviving rem- 
nant of .that huge elephant division ran 
away in all directions,0 king, crushing their 
own ranks. 

39. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
owing to those huge elephants running away 
in all directions, the army of Duryodhana 
was once more compelled to turn their faces 
away from the field of battle. 

Thus ends the hundred and third chapter , 
the prowess of Bhima, in the Bhisma-badha 
of the Bhisma Parva. 


Saiyaya said :— 

I. At mid-day, O mighty monarch, com- 
menced a combat between the Somakas ; 

and Bhisma, that become dreadful and 
destructive of many creatures. 

2. That foremost of car-warriors vim the 
son of Ganga began to consume the ranks 
of the Pandava host, with his sharp shafts 
discharged by hundreds and thousands. 

3. Then your father Devavrata crushed 
that army like a herd of heifer grinding 
(under their tread) a heap of paddy 

4. Then Dhristadyumna, Sikhandin, 
Virata and Drupada, encountering Bhisma 
in battle began to pierce that mighty car- 
warriors with numerous shafts. 

5. Thereat, O Bharata, piercing Dhrista- 
dyumna and Virata with three shafts, 
Bhisma discharged a Naracha at Drupada. 

6. Then those fierce bowmen, pierced by 
Bhisma that grinder of foes, waxed wroth, O 
king, in battle like a snake trampled under 
the feet. 

7. Then Sikhandin pierced the grand- 
father of the Bharatas, but the latter of 
undeteriorating renown struck him not, re- 
membering his femiminity. 

8. Then Dhristadyumna blazing up with 
rage like fire, pierced the grandsire, with 
three shafts on the breast and the arms. 

9. Drupada with twenty-five, Virata 
with ten, Sikahndin with twenty-five arrows 
pierced Bhisma. 

10. That hero (Bhisma) thus deeply 
pierced, O mighty monarch, and bathed in 
copiotisly flowing blood, appeared beautiful 
like flowering red Asoka tree in the spring. 

11. Then the son of Ganga pierced 
them in return each with three straight- 
going shafts ; and O sire, he burst open the 
bow of Diupada with a broad-headed 

12. The latter then taking up another 
bow pierced Bhisma with Ave arrows and 
his charioteer with three whetted shafts on 
the fleld of battle. 

13. Thereupon, O monarch, Bhima, the • 
Ave sons of Draupadi, the Ave Kekaya 
brothers, and Satyaki of the Satwata race, 

14. Headed by king Vudhisthira himself 
rushed at the son of Ganga, desirous of 
rescuing the Panchalas headed by Dhrista- 

15. So also, O ruler of men, your war- 
riors anxious for protecting Bhisma, rushed 
against the Pandava host, supported by 
their respective divisions. 

16. Thereupon ensued a fierce and 
sanguinary engagement between your army 
and theirs both teeming with men, steeds. 
chariots and elephants— engagement that 



considerably swelled the population of 
Death's domain. 

17. Car-warriors meeting car-warriors 
despatched them to the abode of Death ; so 
also others, men, horse-soldiers, elephant- 
riders encountering one another, 

ig — ig. Conveyed one another tq the aboJe 
of Death, witli their straight-knotted shafts ; 
and in that field of battle, O ruler of men, 
many cars deprived of their riders with 
numerous dreadful arrows, and with their 
drivers slain, careered on the field being 
dragged on all sides, 

20. Crushing, O king, innumerable men 
and steeds in tliat battle, those cars of the 
velocity of wind appeared beautiful like 
aerial castles. 

21. Many car- warriors depri»red of their 
cars, clad in armour and possessed of 
strength all decked with ear-rings and tur- 
bans and with bracelets and garlands, 

22. All resembling sons of the gods and 
equal to Sakra in prowess in battle, pros- 
perous as Vaisravana himself and wise in 
polity as Vrihaspati himself, 

23. Ruling over vast dominions, and all 
heroic warriors, O ruler of men, flying 
hither and thither, were slain like ordinary 

24. Huge tusked elephants also, O fore- 
most of men, deprived of their excellent 
riders, fell down crushing their own ranks 
and uttering distressful cries. 

25. With their armours, variegated stand- 
ards, chamaras, white umbrellas with 
golden staves, and lances shattered, O 

26. The huge elephants ran in all the 
ten points of the compass, resembling 
newly-risen clouds, and roaring also like 

27. So also, O ruler of men, elephant- 
riders, deprived of their elephants, were 
seen to run in all directions in that general 
engagement between your army and theirs. 

28. We also beheld steeds born in 
various regions, decked with golden capa- 
risons, and fleet as the wind itself, by 
hundreds and by thousands. 

29. We also beheld horse-soldiers, de- 
prived of their chargers chase and chased 
by, one another in that battle, with swords 
in their grasp. 

30. An elephant meeting a flying com- 
peer in that great battle, rushed with 
velocity crushing foot-soldiers and steeds. 

31. Also, O king, in that battle one 
elephant crushed many cars, and cars also, 
passing over fallen steeds, crushed them in 
battle ; 

32. And also, O king, horses again 
crushed the foot-soldiers in that battle. 
Thus, O king, they crushed one another in 
various modes. 

33. When that awful and fierce battle 
was thus rngin<^, there started up into 
existence on the Reld of battle a hideous 
river, having blood for its stream, 

34.. Choked with piles of bones, and 
having the hair (of slain warriors) for its 
moss and weeds. It had cars for its lakes 
arrows for its eddies and horses for its fishes ; 
and it was inaccessible. 

35. It abounded in pebbles consisting 
of the heads of warriors ; as also in sharks 
&c formed by the elephants. It had armours 
and head-gears for its froth and bows 
for its current and swords for its tortoises ; 

36. The trees on its banks were formed 
of the numerous standards ; it had men for 
its banks which it ate away constantly. It 
was infested by swans consisting of can- 
nibals, and it considerably increased the 
population of Death's domain. 

37. Many heroic Kshatriyas all mighty 
car-warriors crossed that river on their rafts 
consisting of cars, steeds and elephant9» 
totally driving away fear from their hearts. 

38. Just as the river Vaitarani conveys 
aM departed spirits to the dominions oH the 
ruler of spirits, so, in that afternoon, that 
river carried away (with its bloody currents) 
all cowards that became overwhelmed with 
a swoon. 

39. Then in that battle the Kshatriyas 
beholding that awful carnaee, exclaimed 
saying : — Through the folly of Duryodhana, 
Kshatriyas are being thus destroyed. 

40. Why did Dhritarastra of wicked 
soul, that ruler of men, infatuated by 
covetousness, harbour feelings of envy 
against the sons of Pandu, all endued with 
many virtues." 

41. Various exclamations of this kind, 
purporting to be applauses to the Pandavas 
and censures to your sons, were heard there 
addressed to one another, 

42. Hearing these exclamations voci* 
ferated by all the warriors, your son 
Duryodhana, that offender of all men, 

43. Addressing Bhisma, Drona, Kripa 
and Salya said, O Bharata : — ** Do you go 
on fighting with self-confldence ? Why do 
you tarry at all 7" 

44. Then ensued a battle between the 
Kurus and the Pandavas, O king, tliat 
owed its origin to that game at dice and 
that brought about awful carnage. 

45. Now do you see, O son of Vichi- 
traviryya, the dreadful fruit of your refusal 



to accept the galutary advices (of -your 
friends,) though warned against It by many 
liigh-soiiled heroes. 

46, Neither the sons of Pandu, O king, 
uith their soldiers and followers, nor the 
Kauravas pay any the least heed to their 
lives in that battle. 

47. For this reason, O foremost of men, 
a dreadful destruction of men is taking 
place, brou-jht about by Destiny or by your 
wicked policy, O king. 

Thus ends the hundred and fourth chap- 
ter, the general engagement, in the Bhisma- 
badha of the Bhisma Parva. 


Sai^aya said:— 

1. Then that foremost of men Arjuna, 
conveyed, with his whetted shafts, the kings 
that followed Susarman to the abode of the 
lord of departed spirits. 

2. Thereupon in that battle Susarman 
pierced Pritha's son with many shafts ; he 
then pierced the son of Vasudeva with seventy 
shafts and Arjuna again with nine. 

3. Baffling those arrows with his showers 
of arrows, that mighty car-warrior, the 
son of Sakra, despatched the warriors that 
supported Susarman to the mansion of 

4. Thus slaughtered by Pritha's son, as 
if by the Destroyer himself at the expiration 
of a Yuga, those miglity car -warriors, 
seized with panic, ran away from the field of 

5. Some leaving their horses, some their 
cars, and some their elephants, O sire, fled 
in all the directions of the compass. 

6. Others, on the other hand, seizing 
steeds, elephants and chariots in that battle, 
fled away, O ruler of men, at the top of 
their speed. 

7. In that fierce fight, foot-soldiers, 
aNandoning their weapons, and without 
pa}ing any heed to any one, fled, O 
Bharata, hither and thither. 

8. Though they were repeatedly for- 
bidden by the Trigartta ruler Susarman as 
also by many other foremost sovereigns 
they did not tarry on the fleld any longer. 

g. Seeing that army thus routed, your 
son Duryodhana, placing Bhisma at the 
head of all the troops, and himself march- 
ing in the x'an, 

ID. Assaulted Dhananjaya putting forth 
all his energies, desirous of saving, O ruler 
of men, the life of the king of the 

11. Susarman alone, accompanied by 
his brother, was standing against Arjuna in 
battle, scatterriug various kinds of shafts, 
the rest of his men having ran away. 

12. So also, O king, the Pandavas, 
clad in armour, rushed, with all their 
energies, to the spot where Bhisma was, de- 
sirous of rescuing Partha. 

13. Though perfectly cognisant of the 
dreadful prowess of the wielder of the 
Gandiva bow, the Pandava heroes with 
loud cries of 'Oh !' and 'Alas !' advanced 
towards Bhisma from all sides. 

14. Then that hero, owning the stan- 
dard bearing the device of the palmvra 
tree, covered the Pandava host in that 
battle with straight- knotted shafts. 

15. When the sun reached the meridian, 
O mighty sovereign, the Kurus mingUng pell- 
mell with the Pandavas fought on fiercely. 

16. Then the heroic Satyaki piercing 
Kritavarman with Ave swift-coursing arrows 
stood in the field shooting shafts by hun- 
dreds and by thousands. 

17. So also king Drupada piercing 
Drona with sharp shafts again pierced the 
latter with seventy shafts and his charioteer 
witli Ave shafts. 

18. Bhimasena, piercing the Valhika king, 
his great grandsire, uttered his war-cry 
that resembled the tiger's roar in the 

19. The son of Arjuna being pierced 
by Chitrasena with many swift-coursing 
arrows, pierced him in return on the breast 
with three shafts. 

20. Encountering one another in battle, 
those two foremost of men, appeared 
beautiful, O king, like Venus and Saturn 
shining in the heavens. 

21. Then that slayer of hostile heroes, 
that son of Subhadra, endued with prowess, 
slaying Chitrasena's four steeds and 
charioteer with nine shafts, uttered his 
fierce war-cry. 

22. Then that mighty car-warrior Chitra- 
sena, jumping down with agility from the 
car of which the steeds were slain, ascen- 
ded with quickness, O ruler of men, the 
chariot of Durmukha. 

23. The highly puissant Drona also 
penetrating Drupada with straight shaft*:, 
pierced with quickness the latter's charioteer. 

24. Thereupon king Drupada thus afflic- 
ted before the army, fled, borne away by 
fleet steeds, remembering his*former enmity. 



25. Bhimasena in a moment deprived 
king Valhika of his horses, car and driver, 
before the very eyes of the troops. 

36. Thus involved in a perilous situation 
and seized with panic, O mighty monarch, 
that foremost of men Valhika. jumping 
down from his own vehicle, 

27. Ascended, in that fierce battle, that of 
L^kshana. Satyaki, having repulsed Krita- 
varman in battle, 

28. Approached the grandsir«» Bhisma, 
shooting various kinds of arrows. Then 
he, having pierced the grandsire ivith sixty 
whetted sliafts furnished with feathery 

29. Seemed to dance on the terrace of 
his car, wielding his massive bow. There- 
upon the grandsire hurled at him a mighty 
lance made entirely of iron, 

30. Decked with gold, charged with 
great velocity and looking beautiful Kke a 
daughter of a Naga. (Beholding) that irre- 
sistible lance swiftly course towards himself 
like death itself, 

31. That high-formed hero of the Vrish- 
ni race baffled it with the swiftness (of 
his movements); and that dreadful lance, 
even without reaching him of the Vrishni 

32 — 33. Fell down on the surface of the 
earth, like a mighty meteor of blazing efful- 
gence. Thereupon, O king, that descen- 
dant of the Vrishni race, swiftly taking up 
his own lance of golden effulgence, sped it 
at the car of the grandsire. That lance 
sped with the strength of Satyaki's arm 4n 
that battle, 

34. Flew swiftly, like the last night (of 
worldly existence) of a doomed man. Then 
O Bhar;ita, Bhisma cut in twain that swift- 
coursing lance, 

35 — 36. With two sharp arrows having 
horse shi)e- heads ; and the lance fell dov\n 
on the ground. Having severed that lance, 
the son of Ganga. that grinder of foes, wax- 
ing wroth and simling tiie while, pierced 
Satyaki on the breast with nine arrows. 
Thereupon with all tlieir chariots, elephants 
and horses, the Pandavas, O elder brother 
of Pandu, 

36. Surrounded Bhi^^ma on all sides, in 
order to rescue him of Midhu's race. Then 
between the Kurus and the Pandavas, both 
desirous of securing victory, commenced 
a fierce fight making the hair stand erect. 

Thus ends the one hundre(i and fifth 
chapter^ the combat between Bhisma and 
Satyaki, in the Bhisma^badha of the Bhis- 
ma Patva. 



Sanjaya said :— 

1. Beholding, O king, Bhismi inflamed 
with rage in battle, surrounded by the Pan- 
davas, like the sun in the heavens sur- 
rounded by the clouds at the end of the 

2. Duryodhana, O monarch, said to 
Dussisana : — '* This heroic Bhisma, this 
mighty bowmin and slayer of heroes, 

3. Is surrounded on all sides, O foremast 
of the B'laratas, with the heroic Pandava 
warriors. It behoves you, O hero, to look 
to the protection of that (high-souled 

4. Our grandsire Bhisma, being well- 
protected in battle,will slay all tht Panchalas 
with the Pandavas. 

5. Therefore I think the protection of 
Bhisma to be our foremost duty. This 
fierce bowman Bhisma of illustrious vows 
is our protector. 

6. Therefore surrounding the grandsire 
with all our troops, do you protect 
him as he accomplishes difficult feats in 

7. Thus spoken to, your son Dussasana 
stood with his mighty army, surrounding 
Bhisma in that battle. 

8. Then Sakuni the son of Suvala with 
hundred thousands cavalry soldiers, holding 
resplendent spears, swords and lances, 

9. And forming a proud and strong 
detachment of troops, bearing standards, 
and supported by well-disciplined and well- 
accomplished foot-soldiers all excellent fight- 

10. Began to oppose Nakula, Sahadeva, 
and Viidhisthira the son of Pandu, sur~ 
rounding those foremost of men on all 

11. Then king Duryodhana despatched 
a detachment of ten thousand horses all 
brave warriors, for checKing the Pandavas. 

12. As these highly fleet chargers resem- 
bling so many Sarudas rushed to battle, the 
earth, O king, struck with their hoof qualced 
and produced a loud din. 

13. The dreadful clatter of the hoofs of 
steeds that was then heard resembled the 
cr^cklinc sound produced by a bamboo 
forest on the top of a hilt, when set on fire. 

14. As these rushed to the charge, there 
arose a thick cloud of dust, that muunting 
to the sular orbit shrouded the sun itself. 



1 5. Then the army of the Panda vas was 
agitated by the charge of that fleetest horse 
division,. like a mighty lake agitated in 
consequence of a flight of swans suddenly 
alighting on its waters. 

16, Nothing could be heard in conse- 
quence of their neighs. Then king Yudhis- 
thira, and the two sons of Pandu begotten 
upon Madri, 

17 — 18. Quickly checked the furious charge 
of those horsemen in battle, hke, O mighty 
monarch, the banks withstanding the waves of 
the mighty main swollen with the waters of 
the rainy sea*!on on the day of Xhe full moon. 
Thereupon, O king, these car-warriors, with 
their straight-knotted shafts, 

19. Began to sever the heads of these 
horse-soldiers from their trunk; then, O 
mighty monarch, they fell down slain by 
these firm bowmen, 

20. Like huge elephants falling down 
in mountain caves, slain by their compeers. 
Those warriors of the Pandava, army also 
with sharp lances and straight shafts, 

21. Cut down the head ot those horse- 
men, coursing all over the field. Then, O 
foremost of the Bharatas, the horse-riders 
thus struck with swords, 

22. Began to drop their heads like mighty 
trees dropping the fruits. Slain on all sides, 
horses with their riders 

23. Were seen fallen and falling. When 
being thus slaughtered, the horses began to 
fly away struck with terror, 

24. IJke so many deer flying for the 
sake of preserving their lives at the sight of 
a lion. The Pandavas then, O monarch, 
confounding their foes in battle, 

25. Blew their conchs and struck up 
their drums in battle. Then dejected in 
consequence of the defeat of his troops, 

26. Said, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
these words to the king of the Madras : 
" Phis eldest son of Pandu, supported by his 
twin brothers in battle. 

27. Is routing my army, O mighty- 
armed king, before your very eyes. Do you 
check him, O mighty-armed one, like the 
banks of the sea checking its fury. 

28. You are well-known for the irresis- 
tibleness of your strength and prowess." 
Then hearing these words of your son, the 
highly puissant Salya, 

2Q — 31. Suppotted by a division of cars, 
hied to the spot where king Yudhisihira was. 
Then the son of Pandu checked in battle 
that detachment of Salya falling upon him 
with grett fury. Then that iTi'gljfy f^r- 
warrioi the very virtuous king Yudhisihira 

quickly pierced the king of the Madras wiih 
ten shafts between his breasts ; and Nakula 
and Sahadeva pierced him with seven 
straight shafts. 

32. The king of the Madras in return 
pierced them all with three shafts each ; then 
again he pierced Yudliisthira with sixty 
shafts of exceeding sharpness; 

33. He also wounded the two terrified 
sons of Madri with two shafts each. There- 
upon the mighty armed Biiima, beholding 
the king, 

34. Staying within the reach of the 
Madra-king's car, as if within the very jaws 
of death, rushed in that battle to the side 
of Yudhisthira. 

35. Then when the sun, rising on the 
western quarter, was scorching the earth, a 
fierce and sanguinary engagement com- 

Thus ends the hundred and sixth chapter, 
the encounter between Salya and Y udkis" 
thira, in the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma 



Sanjaya said:— 

1. Thereupon your father, waxing wroth, 
began to pierce the sons of Pritha and 
their troops, with excellent shafts of exceed- 
ing sharpness. 

2. Piercing Bhima with twelve, Satyaki 
with nine shafts, Nakula with three, Saha- 
deva with seven, he pierced 

3. Yudhisthira with twelve shafts on 
the arms and on the breast. Then that 
highly powerful hero, having pierced Dhris- 
tadyumna also, uttered a loud roar. 

4. Nakula pierced him in return with 
twelve shafts, the descendant of Madhu's 
race, with three, Sahadeva with seventy, 
Partha with nine, Dhristadyumna with 
seventy and Bhimasena with seven shafts. 

5. 'I'hen Yud4usthira pierced the grand * 
sire in return with twelve shafts. Drona 
haying pierced Satyaki began to pierce 

6. Each time with five whetted shafts 
resembling the rods of Death himself. Those 
two heroes, each then with three straight 
shafts, pierced in reiun, 

7- That foremost of Brahmanas namely 
Diona, like a guide pieicing a mighty ele- 



pUant with ihe hook. The Souviras, the 
Kilavas, the Easterners, the Westerners, the 
Northerners, the Malavas, 

8. The Avisapas, the Surasenas, the 
Sivis and the Va satis, these diil not avoid 
Blusma though fearfully slaughtered by 
him in battle with whetted slinfis. 

9. So also many other kings, come from 
various other realms, rushed at the Panda- 
vas bearing in their hands weapons of di- 
verse kinds. 

10. The Pandavas also surrounded the 
grandsire on all sides. That invincible one 
(Bhisma) surrounded by that mighty divi- 
sion of cars, 

11. Blazed forth destroying the foe, like 
a terrible conflagration in a wood. His car 
was his fire chamber, his bow was his 
flames, his sword, darts, and maces were 
liis fuels. 

12. His arrows were the scintillations, 
and Bhisma himself was the fire that con- 
sumed I he forest of the Kshatriyas. 
With arrows furnished witli golden wings 
and ihe feathers of vultures and charged 
Willi great energy, 

13. With barbed arrows, with Niilikas. 
and Narachas, Bhisma covered thai army 
of the Pandavas. He felled with wliellcd 
shafts elephants and car- warriors. 

14— lb. He made the large detachment 
of car-warriors look like a palmyra- forest 
with its trees deprived of their tops. In 
that battle, O king, that mighty-armed 
hero, the foremost of all wielders of w* a- 
pons, made cars, elephants and steeds de- 
prived of their riders. Hearing the twang, 
that resembled the rumbling of the thunder, 
of your father's bow, O Bharata, all crea- 
tures began to tremble, and O foremost 
of the Bharatas, then the arrows of your 
father seemed to be incapable of being 

17 — 20. Then the arrows, shot from the 
bow of Bhisma, did not oniy strike against 
the armours of combatants but penetrated 
through them. We saw, () moriarch, many 
cars dragged over the field,, by the fleet 
steeds that were hnrnessed to them, in conse- 
quence of the death of the heroes that rode 
them. Four and ten thousand car -warriors 
belonging to the Chedis, the Kashis and 
the Karushas, all well-known, and born of 
illustrious family, never retreating from 
field and owners of golden standards, pre- 
pared to lay down their lives in battle, 
encountering Bhisma who looked like 
Death himself with mouth wide open, 
were all despatched to the regions of the 
departed along with their steeds, cars and 

21. We beheld, O monarch, chariots 
by hundreds and thousands then, some 
with their Akihas shattered and bottoms 
broken, some with their wheels broken. 

22. Then, O monarch, with cars broken 
along with their wooden fences, with 
fallen car-warriors, with arrows, with 
beautiful but broken armours, with battle 

23. W'ilh maces, with short arrows, and 
whetted shafts, with car bottoms, with quiv* 
ers, shattered wheels, O sire, 

24. With arms, bows, words, and heads 
graced with ear-rings, with finerer-proteci- 
ers and gloves, and broken standaids, 

25. With bows splintered into piecesi 
the earth become strewn over. Then, O 
king, elephants with their riders slain, and 
slaughtered horsemen, 

26 — 27. Began to fall down dead oil 
the field by hundreds and by thousands. 
Striving their least, the heroic warriors of 
the Pandava army could not rally the car- 
warriors who afflicted by the arrows of 
Bliisma were flying then in all tlirections. 
That mighty host (of the Pandavas) slaught- 
ered by Bhisma who equalled even Indra in 

28. Were so completely broken that no 
two persons were seen to fl> together. With 
its chariots, elephants and liorses laid low 
and with its standards and fl >gs over- 
thrown in profusion, 

29. The army of the sons of Pandil, 
deprived of its consciousness began to uttef 
cries of "Oh " and " Alas." In that battle 
father slew his own ^on and son slew his 
own father, 

30. And friend slew his dear friend 
urged on to the deed by Destiny. Many 
combatants of the Pandava ar.ny, doffing 
their aripours, 

31 — 32. Were seen to run away in all 
directions with their hair dishevelled. Then 
the troops belonging to the son of Pandii 
were seen to run hurriedly in fear like a herd 
of bulls throwing aside the yokes of cars ; 
and the cries of distress that these troop* 
then uttered were indeed fearful. Then 
tlie descendant of the Yadava race behoKU 
ing the army tinis routed, 

33. Spoke to V'ibhatsu the ^on of Pri ha, 
reininor i^ the excellent chariot he drove: — 
"O Partha, the hour which you so ardently 
looked forward to, has now arrived. 

24. Now strike, O foremost of m'en, or 
you shall be unconscious ben^ overwhelmed 
by a swoon. O hero, the words you uiterecS 
, before in the assemblage of kings, 




35 — 3^- J'^ *^^e city of Virata, before 
Sanjaya liimself, O Pritha's son, those 
words are * I will slay all ihe combatants of 
Dhritarastra's son along with their follow- 
ers, headed by Bhisma and Drona, all who 
will fight wiih me/ O son of Kunti, O 
grinder of foes, do you now verify those 
words of yours. 

37. Remembering the duties of a 
Kshatriya go on fighting without harbour- 
ing any anxious feeling." Thus spoken 
to, by the son of Vasudeva, with his head 
hung down and looking askance, 

38. Arjuna as if unwilling said these 
words to the former. *• Either to acquire 
monarchy with hell at the end by the 
slaughter of those who ought not to be slain, 

39. Or to suffer the woes of an exiled 
life, — which of these should now be consi- 
dered as my duty ? However, O Hrishi- 
kesha, urge the steeds on, I shall do your 

40. I will lay low Bhisma the grand -sire 
of .the KuFus." Thereupon that descen- 
dant of Madhu's race, drove those steeds of 
argentine hue, 

41. To the spot, O king, where Bhisma, 
incapable of being gazed at like the sun 
himself, was staying. Thereupon the 
mighty army of king Yudhisthira returned 
to the charge, 

42. Beholding the mighty-armed son of 
Pritha rush for an encounter with Bhisma 

in that terrible hjjht. Thereupon, O fore- 
most of the Kurus, Bhisma uttered his 
war-cry even like a roaring lion, 

43. And then quickly covered the car 
of Dhananjaya with a shower of arrows. 
Within a moment Arjuna's car with the 
steeds and charioteer, 

44. Were lost to view in consequence of 
that thick arrowy shower. But the son 
of yasudeva, with the least delay and with 
patience, fearlessly 

45. Drove forward those steeds nmnglrd 
with the shahs of Bhisma. Then the xm 
of Pritha taking up his bow of cri<sti;il 
make, and of twang as loud as the rumble 
of clouds, 

46—47. Felled tlie bow of Bhisma 
having burst it open \iith whetted shafts. 
Ther. deprived of his bow, ihat foremost of 
the Kurus, viz. your father, within a motneni 
made another bow ready for use. But Ar- 
juna, waxing wroth, cut off even that bow 
of his. 

48. Then the son of Santanu highly 
praised Arjuna's li)^htness of hand saying: — 
** Wfll-done well-done, U mighty-armed 
one, well-done, O son of l\unti. 

49. Havnig thus applauded Pariha and 
takmg up another bow of great excellence, 
Bhisma sped, in that battle, arrows against 
the chariot of the former. 

50. Then the son of Vasudeva displayed 
superior skill in the management of horses 
in as much as he baffled Bhisma's arrows 
by a swift whirling of the car in a circular 

51- Mangled with the shafts of Bhisma, 
those two foremost of men, (Arjuna and 
Krishna)then appeared beautiful like two 
heifers, enraged, and mangled with scratch- 
es of their horns. 

52—54- Then that slayer of hostile 
heroes, that mighty-armed descendant of 
Madhu's race, viz., the son of Vasudeva, 
seeing that Arjuna was fighting mildly, and 
that Bhisma was continually pouring his 
showers of arrows in battle, atso that the 
latter standing in the centre of the two hosts, 
was scorching (every thing) like the sun 
himself and was slaying the foremost 
combatants of the army of Pandu's son, and 
was producing in the army of Yudhisthira 
a total annihilation like that at the end of a 
Vuga, was unable to bear it any longer. 

55. Then, O sire, throwing away the 
reins of Pariha's steeds of argentine hue, 
that illustrious Yogin (Krishna) waxing iras- 
cible, jumped down from that huge chariot. 

, 56—57- Then roaring repeatedly like a 
lion, Krishn;4 endued with strength and 
fleetness, and of incomparable effulgence, 
that lord of the universe, having his bare 
arms for his weapons and wielding the whip 
in his hands, and with his eyes coppery in 
rage, rushed towards Bhisma, splitting" the 
earth with his tread, and desirous of slay- 
ing the latter. 

58. In that mighty battle, the hearts 
of your warriors were filled with terror as 
tliey beheld him of Madhu's race 
Bliisma, ready to fall upon the latter. 

59 Then, O migjhty monarch, exclama- 
tions of ' Bhisma is slain, Bhisma is slnin,' 
were hemd there, uttered by your troops 
inspired with the fear of Vasudeva's son. 

60. Then Jannrddana, vested in yellow 
slIiL raiments and blue in complexion Ijjte 
the lapis Ifieuli, rushing towards Bhisma 
appeared beautiful like a rain cloud charged 
with lightning. 

61. Just as the king of beasts uttering 
loud roars rushes towards the leader of an, so then that foremost of 
of Madhu's race rushed impetuously to- 
wards Bhisma, uttering loud roars. 

62. Then beholding in that drej(:|ful 
battle, Krishna of cy^% like lotus J^CCHIs 



rush furiously towards him, Bhisma 
began to stretch his strong and mighty 

63. Then addressing Govinda with a 
dauntless heart, he said ; — ** Come, coiwe, 
O you of eyes like lotus petals ! O god of 
gods, I do bow down unto you. 

64. Lay me low, O foremost of the 
Satwata race, this day in this dreadful 
fight ! O sinless one, slain by you in this 
battle, O god, 

65. I shall reap great good, O Krishna, 
in every respect in this world. O Govinda, 
to-day, in the three worlds, have I attained 
great honour in battle. 

66 — 68. Strike me as it pleases you, O 
sinless one, as 1 am merely a slave of 
yours.'* Meanwhile the mighty-armed 
son of Pritha, running behind Keshava, 
seized the latter embracing him with his 
two arms. That foremost of men viz 
Krishna of eyes like expanded lotuses, thus 
held by the son of Pritha proceeded even 
carrying the latter wiih him. Then that 
slayer of hostile heroes, that puissant 
warrior, the son of Pritha, forcibly en- 
circling (with his two arms) the two legs 

69 — 71. Of Hrishikesha stopped him 
when he was going to take the tenth step. 
Then his friend Arjuna, highly distressed, | 
afflictionately addressing Kesava, who was | 
then breathing like a snake and whose eyes 
were rolling in wrath, said : — • Stop, O 
mighty-armed one ! It behoves you not to 
falsify those words of yours viz ' / will not 
iight,* that you had spoken before, O 
Kesava. Then, O descendant of Madhu's 
race, men wiU call your a liar. 

72. Let all the burden be on me, I will 
slay the grandsire ! I swear, O Kesava, 
by my weapons, by my troth and by my 
good achievements, 

73. That, O destroyer of foes, I will do 
everything by which the destruction of the 
enemy may be accomplished. Even this 
day behold the invincible mighty car- 
warrior overthrown 

• 74. By me, with the least difficulty like 
t)»e crescent moon at the end of a Yuga." 
Henring those words of t^e hi^h-sou!ed 
Phalguna, that descendant of Madhu's race, 

75 — 7^' Without speaking any thing, 
again mounted the chariot in rage. Then 
Bhisma the son of Santanu, once more 
covered those two foremost of men on their 
cars, with an arrowy downpour, like clouds 
drenching the mountain breast with showers 
of ntn. Then your sire Devatra took the 
9m fif all hostile warriors, 

H0ieSun drawing energies from 
his rays at the end of the [ 

winter seasoii. As the sons of Pandu 
broke the ranks of the Kuru troops in 

78. So your father also broke the 
Panda va ranks in battle. The soldiers thus 
routed, and despondent and cheerless, 

79 — 81. Slain, by hundreds and thou- 
sands, by Bhisma, were unable to gaze at 
the incomparable Bhisma, who vas 
scorching the foe like the sun in the 
meridian. The Pandava troops then afflic- 
ted with terror, O monarch, ("eirfully) 
looked at Bhisma who wis achieving 
great feats with his superhuman prowess. 
Then, O Bharata, the Pandava troops thus 
crushed by Bhisma, 

82. Could not find a protector, like kine 
sunk in slough, or like an ephemeral ant 
afflicted by a powerful creature. 

Z2i' The combatants of the Pandava 
hosts, O Bharata, were unable to lock at that 
mighty car- warrior Bhisma, who was in- 
capable of being shaken, who with his 
arrowy showers was afflicting the hostile 
kings, and who in consequence of his 
blazing shafts looked like the shining sun. 

84. While he was thus crushing the 
Pandava troops, the sun of thousand rays 
went below tlie horizon. Then the hearts, 
of all those warriors exhausted with 
fatigue, yearned for the order of with- 

Thus ends the hundred and seventh 
chapter, the termination 0/ the ninth day's 
battle, in the Bhisma-badha of the 
Bhisma Parva^ 


Sanjaya said :— 

I. While they were thus fighting and 
when the sun set, tl>e pall of hideous twi- 
light enveloped the earth, and the battle 
became lost to view. 

2 — 4. Then, O Bharata, king Yudhis- 
thira, beholding that twilight had set in, 
and that his own soldiers, slaughtered by 
Bhisma, had thrown down tiieir weapons^ 
and that terror-struck and repulsed from the 
field of battle, they are flying away in all 
directions ; beholding also the mighty car- 
warrior Bhisma inflamed with rage in battle 
and afflicting everybody, and seeing also 
the mighty car-warriors of the Somakas 
defeated and cheerless, pondered a while 
and then commanded the withdrawal of the 



5. Then king Yudhisthira withdrew his 
troops ; so also the withdrawal of your forces 
was also done at the same time. 

6. Then the mighty car-warriors, having 
withdrawn their forces, O foremost of the 
Kurus, entered their tents, with their 
bodies mangled with wounds. 

7. The Pandavas, afHicted with the 
arrows of Bhisma and thinking of the feats 
achieved in battle, did not obtain any peace. 

^ 8. Having vanquished the Pandavas 
and the Srinjayas in battle and adored and 
honoured by your sons, Bhisma then, O 

9. Accompanied by the delighted Kurus, 
entered his tent. Then niglit set in, that 
renders all creatures unconscious (in sleep). 

10. lii the beirinning of that dread time 
of night, tlie Pamiivas along wlih the 
Vrishnis and the invincible Srinjayas, sat 
together for consultation. 

11. The highly powerful heroes, accom- 
plished in drawing conclusion from infer- 
ences, coolly consulted about what would be 
most profitable to them under these circums- 

12. Thereafter king Yudhisthira, O 
king, having pondered for a considerable 
length of time, address'id these words to the 
so:> of Vasudeva, casting his eyes on the 

13. ** Behold, O Krishna, the high- 
souled Bhisma of fierce prowess crush my 
army like an elephant crushing a forest of 

14. VVe dare not even look at that illus- 
trious warrior when he licks, like a raging 
conflagration, all my troops up. 

15. The mighty puissant Bhisma, poss- 
essed of sharp weapons cirid inflamed with 
rage in b uile, appears like the mighty 
sn.ike Takshaka of great ferocity and 
virulent venom, 

16 — 17. Indeed the god of Death 
wrought up with wrath and shooting whetted 
shafts from his bow, or the king of the 
celestials armed with the thunder-bolt, or 
Varuna holding his mighty noose or the 
god of wealth wielding his mace, m^y be 
vanquished in battle. But Bhisma enraged 
in battle could not be vanquished. 

18. When, O Krishna, such is the state 
of affairs, I am, in consequence of the 
weakness of my own understanding, sunk 
jn sorrow, having to fight with Bhisma 
as an opponent in battle. 

19. I will again retire, O invincible one, 
to the forests ; even that is better for me 
now. Battle I no longer like, O Krishna, 
as Uhi*nia always slaughters our troops. 

20. Just as an insect rushing at a blaz- 
ing fire reaps only death, so have I reaped 
the same result having dared a combat with 

21. Put as I may, my prowess forth, O 
descendant of the Vrishni race. I am being 
diiven to destruction for the sake of my 
kingdom. My brave brothers are all sorely 
afflicted with the shafts of Bhisma. 

22. Through their fraternal affection, they 
had to go into exile into the woods, for me, 
deprived of their kingdom. So also, O 
slayer of Madhu, Krishna had to undergo 
various troubles for me only. 

23. I prize life very much ; and it b 
dear and scarce to be obtained. If I can 
save it now, I shall husband out the rest of 
it in the performance of excellent deeds of 

24. If, indeed, I and- my brothers be 
worthy of your grace, then O Keshava, 
advise me what will bebeneficial to me. with- 
out clashing against our prescribed duties.'' 

25. Hearing these many words of 
Yudhisthira describing the stale of affairs 
in detail, out of compassion, Krishna spoke 
these words in reply to console the former. 

26. " O son of Dharma, do not in- 
dulge so much in grief, O you who are 
always firm in truth, you who have got, 
heroic and invincible warriors, all sla^-ers 
of foes, in your brothers. 

27. Arjuna and Bhimasena are both 
powerful like the Wuid and the Fire res- 
pectively. The twin sons of Madri equal 
in prowess even the Lord of the celestials 

28. Out of the friendship that exists 
between us, employ me also (to perform 
the task of slaying Bhisma). O son cf 
Pandu, I will fight Bhisma. For you, O 
mi^^hty monarch, what could I not do in 

29. Summoning that foremost of men 
Bhisma in battle, I will slay him, even 
before the very eyes of the Dhritarastra's 
troops, if indeed Arjuna desists from slay- 
ing the former. 

30. If, O son of Pandu, by the slaughter 
of Bhisma you see victory certain to your- 
self, then even this day riding on a single 
car, I will slay the venerable grandsire of 
the Kurus. 

31. Behold, O king, my prowess in 
battle, to be equal to that of the great 
Indra himself. I will overthrow him 
(Bhisma) from his car, in spite of his shoot* 
ing mighty weapons. 

32. He that is inimical to the sons of 
Pandu, is surely inimical also to myself. 



Those that are friendly to you are also so 
to me and those that are friendly to me 
are also so to yoa. 

33. Your brother, Arjuna, is my friendi 
relative and pupil ; O ruler of earth, I 
can cut off and ^ive away my own flesh for 
Arjuna's sake. 

34. This foremost of men also will Iny 
down his own h'fe for my sake. This, O 
sire, is our undei standing, tliat we will 
protect one another. 

35 — 36. So, O most excellent king, com- 
mand me so that 1 may fight for you. The 
vow that formerly Partha tooic at Upa- 
plavya saying 'I will slay the son of Ganga' 
before the presence of all creatures, even 
that vow of intelligent Parlha bhould be 
kept inviolate. 

37. But if the son of Pritha permits me» 
I will with certitude do it for him. As 
it seems to me the task of Phal^^una is easy 
and it is not difficult for him to perform. 

38. Arjuna will slay in battle, Bhisma 
that conqueror of hostile cities. Putting 
forth his energies in fight, Partha can 
achieve what is incapable of being achieved 

39. Arjuna is capable of slaying in 
battle, O ruler of men, the very immortals 
along with the Daityasand Danavas, exert- 
ing their best in the fight, what to speak 
of Bhisma. 

40. The highly puissant Bhisma the 
son of Santanu, now perverted in his 
judgment, decayed in intelligence and in 
vitality surely knows not what he ought 
to do." 

Tudhisthira said :— 

41. It is even so as you say, O mighty- 
armed descendant of Madhu's race. All 
ttiese (universe) taken together are not capa- 
ble of bearing your force. 

42. I am sure of obtaining all those 
things that I may desire, — I, O foremost 
of men, on whose side you are staying. 

43. O foremost of those that are ever- 
victorious, with yourself as our master, 
we can conquer in battle, even the celestials 
with Indra at their head, what to speak 
of Bhisma that mighty car-warrior. 

44. For my own glorification, I dare 
not falsify your words ; so do you render 
me assistance, O Madhava, as promised, 
without fighting on my behalf. 

45. Before this battle there was an under- 
standing between me and Bhisma. He 
said : — ' I will give you good counsel, but 
will not fight for your interests. 

46. ' I shall fight for the interests of 
Duryodhana ; this I speak to you, O lord, 

for certain.' Therefore, O you of Madhu's 
race, he may offer us salutory advise which 
will enable us to obtain the kingdom. 

47. Therefore once more accompanied 
by vou, O slayer of MiHhu, we shall repair 
rf> Bhisma for enquiring of him the means 
of Ms own death. 

48. So, O descentlent of the Vrishni race, 
repairinjj speedily with you to that foremost 
of P«on Bhisma, we shall seek counsel from 
tliat descendant of Kuru's race. 

4Q. He, O Janarddana, will truly offer us 
salutary advice ; and O Krishna, in battle 
we will do, what he shall advise. 

50. O you ot firm vows, lie will give us 
counsel as well as victory. We becameiather- 
less when we were mere children. It was 
he who reared us, 

51. O Madhava, even such an aged 
grandsire, I want to slay — him who is 
the father of our dear-loved father ! Fie 
on the life of a Kshatriya." 

Sanjaya said :— 

52. Thereupon, O mighty monarch 
he of the Vrishni race, said to that de- 
lighter of the Kuru race — "O highly wise 
king, your words find an echo in my soul. 

53. Devavrata of fierce vows, is well 
accomplished in weapons. He can consume 
the foe even by his glances only. Let us 
go to that son of the ocean-going Ganga 
for asking the means of his death. 

54. It behoves him to speak the truth, 
specially when questioned by you. There- 
fore let us go to the grand* ire of the Kurus 
for asking him about the means of his 

55. Repairing to that aged son of San- 
tanu, we shall seek counsel of him. And 
following the advice he will offer we shall 
fight with the enemy. 

56. Having thus consulted, the heroic 
Pandavas, together with the highly power- 
ful son of Vasudeva, went, O elder brother 
of Pandu, 

57. Towards the tent of Bhisma, having 
previously cast off their armours and dresses. 
Then entering the tent, they all touched 
his feet with their hands. 

58. Then, O mighty monarch, the Pan- 
davas, saluting that foremost of the 
Bharatas with their bent heads, sought 
his protection. 

59. Then the mighty-armed Bhisma the 
grand -sire of the Kurus thus addressed 
them saving : — " All hail, O you of Vrishni :» 
race, all hail, O Dhananjaya. 



60. Welcome to the son of Dharma, 
and also to Bliima and the twins. What 
act enhancing your delight shall I do now ? 

61. I shall do it with all my soul even 
if it be e: ceedinj»ly difflctilt of being ^c- 
complished," When the son of Ganj^-i h ^d 
thus repeatedly addressed them with attec- 

62. King Yudhisthira witli a cheerful 
heart spoke these words to him affection- 
ately. " U you who are acquainted with all 
these things, how shall we conquer and 
how shall we acquire our kingdom 7 

63. How may stop be put to this des- 
truction of creatures? Say, O lord, all this 
to me. Tell us yourself the means of your 
own death. 

64. How, O hero, shall we be compe- 
tent enough to witlistand you in battle? 
You do not disclose even the slightest weak- 
ness to your enemy, O grandsire of the 
Kurus, whereby to overthrow you. 

65. You are always seen in battle with 
your bow drawn to a circle. None can 
mark when you take up your shafts, place 
them in the bow-string or draw the string 
for shooting them. 

66. O slayer of hostile heroes, slaying 
as you do, -car- warriors, horsemen and ele- 
phant-riders, we behold you, O mighty- 
armed one, as a second sun on the chariot. 

67. What person, O foremost of the 
Bharatas, dared vanquish you this day, 
when showering a arrowy downpour, you 
spread havoc among my troops. 

68. My mighty army is every day being 
reduced by you in battle. How could we 
vanquish you in battle, how could sove- 
rei'^nty be ours ? 

69. How also could my troops be saved 
from this destruction ? O grandsire, tell me 
the means for accomplishing all these ends." 
Thereupon, O elder brother of Pandu, the 
son of Santanu said these words to the 

70. " O son of Kunti, so long as I am 
alive, you will not be able to obtain victory, 
O you who know everything. This 1 tell 
you truly. 

71. When 1 shall be slain in battle, the 
Pandavas will surely win victory, in battle. 
Smite me down without delay, if you at all 
long to have victory in this war. 

72. I permit you, O sons of Pritha, to 
strike me as you please. Indeed 1 con- 
sider it to be a favourable circumstance for 
you that you know me (to be invincible). 
When I shall be slaughtered, all cUe will 
be slaughtered. So do as 1 tell }Ou." 

Yudhisthira said:— 

73. Tell us the means by which we may 
be able to vanquish your enraged self in 
battle — you who resemble the very god of 
Death himself wielding the mace. 

74. We can vanquish the wielder of the 
thunder-bolt, or Varuna, or Yama himself, 
but you are incapable of being defeated 
by the celestials and Asuras united together 
with Indra at their head. 

Bhisma said:— 

75. O son of Pandu, O mighty-armed 
one, what you have said is indeed true. 
I am indeed incapable of being vanquished 
by the celestials and the Asuras united to- 
gether with Indra at their head, 

;6. When with my weapons and my ex- 
cellent bow in hand I engage myself in 
battle with care. But when I lay aside my 
weapoi»s, even these mighty car-warriors 
may slay me. 

77. One who lays his weapons aside, 
one who is fallen, one whose armour and 
standard have been shattered, one who 
flies awny, one who is panic-struck, one 
who says " 1 am yours," 

78. One who is a female, one who bears 
a feminine designation, one who is disabled, 
one who has got only one son, and one who 
is a mean fellow, — with these I do not 
like to fight. 

79. Hear also, O foremost of kings, 
about the vow that I had formerly taken. 
Beholding any inauspicious sign 1 would 
under no circumstance fight. 

80. That mighty car-warrior, O king'» 
that son of Drupada, who belongs to 
your army, who is known under the name 
of Sikhandin, who is wrathful in battle, 
valiant and ever attended with victory, 

81. He was a female before, but after- 
wards attained manhood. You all know 
truly how all this came to pass. 

82. Let the heroic Arjuna clad in mail 
placing Sikhandin in front of him assail 
me with exceedingly sharp shafts. 

83. Beholding then an inauspicious 
man in the person of him who was female 
before, I will not strike though I may be 
armed with arrows. 

84. Availing himself of that opportunity, 
let Pandu's son Dhananjaya quickly pierce 
me, O foremost of the Bharatas, on all 

85. Except the illustrious Krishna or 
Dhananjaya the son of Pandu, I do not find 
any one in the three worlds who can slay 
ine in battle. 



86 — 87. Therefore let Vibliatsu armed 
with weapons and excrlinj» in battle to the 
best of his abilities and wielding his excel- 
lent bow, overthrow me in battle, pl.icing 
(this Sikhandin or) any one else before him. 
Thus victory will be yours with certainly. 
O foremost of kings, O you of chaste vows, 
do as I tell you. 'I'hen you shall be able to 
slay in battle all the Dhartarastras assem- 
bled together. 

Sanjaya said :— ^ 

88. Then the sons of Pritha, ascertaining 
all these things, went back to their own 
camps, having saluted the hi^h-souled 
Bhisma the grand-sire of the Kurus. 

89. When Ganga's son ready to repair 
to the regions of the departed, had thus 
spoken, Arjuna, afflicted with grief and with 
his face covered with blushes of shame, 
said : — 

Arjuna said :— 

90. " How, O Mndhava, shall I fight in 
battle, with the venerable and aged pre- 
ceptor of the Kurus, the grand-sire of 
accomplished understanding and intelli- 

91. O Vasudeva, while playing in the 
days of childhood, I used to soil the gar- 
ments of the high-souled and illustrious one 
by climbing on his lap with my body 
smeared with dust. 

92. O elder brother of Gada, in my 
childhood, climbing on the lap of the high- 
souled father of Pandu (our father), 1 used 
to say * Father ' ; 

93. *I am not your father, but your 
father's father, O Bharata' even these were 
the words he used to say in reply to me. Oh 
he who used to treat me thus how could he 
be now slain by me ! 

94. Let him slay all my troops. I will 
not fight with that hi^h-souled one, whether 
thereby I reap victory or death. What do 
you, O Krishna, think ?" 

Vasudeva said:— 

95. O Jishnu, having promised to slay 
Bhisma in battle, how can you desist from 
slaying him without transgressing the duties 
of a Ksiiatriya ? 

96. Overthrow, O son of Pritha, this 
Kshatriya ever invincible in battle, from his 
car. VVithout slaying Ganga's son in battle 
you can not hope to win victory. 

97. It have been foredoomed, O Partha, 
by the gods that Bhisma shall go to the 
abode of Death. That must come to pass 
which has been destined by the gods. 

98. Except yourself, O invincible one, 
none iecluding the wielder of the thunder- 
bolt himself will be able to fight with 
Bhisma who resembles Death himself with 
wide open mouth. 

99. Do you slay Bhisma, with great 
coolness. Hear also these words of mine 
which were said to Sakra formerly by the 
highly intelligent Vrihaspati. 

100. 'One ought to slay even an aged 
man, or a person who is older than himself, 
or one who may be endowed with all virtues, 
if he comes as an enemy, or indeed any one 
else who comes for destroying him. 

loi. This, O Dhananjaya, is the eternal 
duty prescribed for Kshatriyas vif, they 
should fight, protect their subjects, and 
perform sacntices, all without any mali- 

Arjuna said :— 

102. Surely, O Krishna, Sikhandin has 
been born as the Death of Bhisma; for as 
soon as Bhisma sees the Panchala 
prince, he desists from striking. 

103. Therefore placing Sikhandin in 
front of him (Bliisma) and stationing him in 
our van, ue shall, by this means, overthrow 
the son of Ganga. This is my opinion. 

104. With my shafts I will check other 
fierce bow- men of the enemy's host ; and 
Sikhandin will fight with that foremost of 
warriors namely Bhisma. 

105. I have heard that foremost of the 
Kurus viz Bhisma say — '1 will never strike 
Sikhandin, in as much as formerly born as a 
dau^hier he attained manhood subse- 

106. Having formed this resolution the 
Pandavas with him of Madhu's race went 
back to their tents with cheerful hearts, and 
with the permission of the illustrious 

Thus ends the hundred and eighth 
chapter, the consultation after the with' 
drawal of troops from the ninth day's fight ^ 
in the Bhisma- badha of the Bhisma Parva, 


(BHISMA-BADHA ?\K\\.)—Contd. 

Dhritarastra said :— 

I. How did Sikhandhin proceed in 
battle against the son of Ganga ? How 
also did Bhisma advai»ce against the 
Pandavas? Speak to mc of all these, O 

1 84 


Saiyaya said :— 

2. Then towards the hour of sunrise, 
all the Pandava warriors, with the sound 
of drums, cymbals and Anakas, 

3. And with the blare of conch<; of the 
hue of curds, all around, piacinj» Sikhandin 
at their van, marched forth in battle-array. 

4. O mighty monarch, they di*^posed of 
their troops in an array capable of des- 
troying all the foes ; and O ruler of men, 
Sikhandin then occupied the van of all the 

5. Then Bhimasena and Dhananjaya 
became the protectors of his car-wheels. 
Behind him were the sons of Draupadi and 
the highly puissant son of Subhadra. 

6. Then Satyaki and Chekitana, each 
a mighty car-warrior, became the protector 
of these last-named. Behind them came 
Dhristadyumna protected by the Panchalas. 

7. Then king Yudhisthira that mighty 
lord, with his twin brothers, Nakula and 
Sahadeva, proceeded to battle, O foremost 
of the Bharatas, uttering his war-cries 

8. After him came Virata supported by 
his own divisions and then came, O mighty- 
armed one, king Draupada. 

9. The tive Kekaya brothers, and the 
highly powerful Dhristaketu, protected, O 
Bharata, the rear of tlie Pandava forces. 

10. Having thus disposed of their troops 
in battle-array, the Pandavas, all prepared 
to lay down their lives in battle, charged 
your divi<3ions. 

u. The Kauravas also, O king, placing 
at the van of all their troops the iniglity 
car-warrior Bhisma, advanced against the 

12. That invincible warrior Bhisma, 
was protected by your sons, all endued with 
great might. Next behind him came the 
mighty bowman Drona along with his 
highly puissant son Aswathaman. 

13. Next behind came Bhagadatta 
supported by a division of elephants. 
Kripa and Kritavarman followed Bha- 

14. After them came the powerful Sudak- 
shina, the king of the Kamvojas, Jayalsena 
of the Magadha kingdom, and the son of 
Suvala, and Vrihadvala. 

15. Other mighty n^yal bowmen headed 
by Susarman protected, O Bharata, the 
rear of your troops. 

16. Day after day Bhisma the son of 
Satanu used to dispose of his troops in battle 
-arrays such as Fisachas, Rakshasas, and 
A suras. 

17. Then ensued a fight, as they slew 
one another, between your troops and theirs* 
that added considerably to the population 
of Death's domain. 

18. The sons 'of Pritha headed by 
Arjuna, placing Sikhandin in front of 
them, advanced towards* Bliismi in battle, 
shooting arrows of various descriptions. 

19. Then, O Bharata, your troops woun- 
ded with shafts shot by Bhima, exhausted 
with the loss of blood, repaired to the 
regions of the departed. 

20. Then Nakula, Sahadeva, and the 
mighty car-warrior Satvaki, all approaching 
your troops began to afflict them with force. 

21. Thus, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
slaughtered in battle, your troops were 
unable to resist the mighty army of the 

22. Then your troops, being thus slain, 
crushed and afflicted by the mighty car- 
warriors, fled in all directions. 

23. Bein£»^ thus slaughtered, O foremost 
of the Bharatas, by the Pandavas a"id the 
Srinjayas, with their sharp arrows, your 
troops could not find a protector. 

Dhritarastra said :— 

24. Tell me, O S-mjaya, what did the 
mighty Bhisma wrought up with wrath do, 
when he saw my troops thus afflicted by 
the Parthas in battle ? 

25. Tell me also, O sinless one, how that 
afflicter of foes, that puissant hero con- 
fronted the Pandavas and slew tlie 
Somakas ? 

Sanjaya said :— 

26. I shall tell you, O monarch, what 
did your father d), when the troops of your 
sons were afflicted by the Pandavas and 
the Srinjayas. 

27. The heroic Pandavas, O elder 
brotlier of Pandu, with cheerful hearts, 
advanced slaying the forces of your son. 

28. Then, O foremost of men, Bhisma. 
did not tolerate that slaughter of men, 
elephants and steeds, of your host, by 
the enemy. 

29—31. Then that fierce bowmen, that 
invincible hero, ready to lay down his life 
in battle, showered upon the Pandavas, the 
Panchalas and the Srinjayyas, a downpour of 
sharp lances,and Vatsadantas and Anjalikas, 
Then, O king, wielding his weapons Bhisma 
with his shafts repulsed the five foremost 
and mighty car-warriors of the Pandava 
host who had been vigorously exerting tl«em- 
sclves in battle. He held them in check by 
showering on them many weapons botb 



offensive and defensive, all sped with 
wrath and force. 

32. Wrought up with rage, he slew in 
battle countless numbers of elephants and 
steeds. Then, O king, that foremost of men 
overthrowing many car-warriors from tlieir 

33. Many horse -soldiers from the back 
of horses, and al«;o many foot-soldiers, 
and elephant-riders from the hack of the 
elephants, inspired terror into the hearts 
of the foe. 

34. Then like the Asuras assailing the 
wielder of th^ thunderbolt, the Pandavas 
assailed, in a body, that single-handed 
mighty car-warrior Bhisma who wa** moving 
swiftly up and down the field of battle. 

35. Then Bhisma was seen in all direc- 
tions, with a terrible form and shooting 
sharp arrows of which the touch was as 
fatal as that of Indra's thunderbolt. 

36. As Bhisma fought on, his bow that 
resembled the mighty bow of Indra (Kain- 
bow) was seen to remain continuously in a 
circular form. 

37. Then, O ruler of men, your son*; 
beholding those mighty feats of Bhisma in 
battle, were amazed, and highly honoured 
the grandsire. 

38. Then like the immortals looking, in 
the days of yore, at Viprachitli, the Parthas 
with depressed hearts began to look at 
your heroic father who was fij^hling fiercely ; 

39—40. And they were unable to resist 
him who then looked like Death's self with 
wide-open mouth. On the tenth day of tlie 
battle, Bhisma began to consume with his 
sharp arrows the car-host of Sikhandin like 
fire consuming a forer^t. Then Sikhandin 
with three arrows pierced Bhisma between 
his breasts, 

41. Bhisma — who then resembled an 
enraged snake of virulent venom or the Des- 
troyer himself let loose by time. Thus 
sorely pierced by Sikhandin Biiisnia looking 
at him 

42. And waxing wroth, as if unwillingly 
said these words with a smile : — "Whether 
you strike me (with arrows) or not, I will 
never fight with you ; 

43. You are even now the same Sikhan- 
din as the creator made you before." 
Hearing these words of his, Sikhandin over- 
whelmed with rage, 

44. Said these words to Bhisma in battle 
licking at the same time the corners of his 
mouth. ** I know you, O mighiy-armed 
hero, to be the destroyer of the Kshatriyas. 

45. 1 have heard of the battle you fought 

with the son of Jamad i^ni ; I havd also 
heard of your divine prowess. 

46. Knowing your prowess, I will still 
fight with you this day, desirous of doing a 
good turn to the Pandavas and to myself, 

afflicter of foes. 

47. O foremost of men, I will fight with 
you this day on the field of battle, and will, 
without doubt, slay you in battle. This 

1 swear by my iroih before you. 

48. Having heard these words of mine 
do what you think to be your duty. Whether 
you strike me or not, yOu shall not escape 
me alive this day. So, O ever-victorious 
Bhisma, let your eyes take a good view of 
this world, (a" they, will no; ^longer see its 

Sanjaya said:— 

49. Having thus spoken, he, with five 
shafts of depressed knots, pierced Bhisma 
in battle who had already been deeply 
pierced with the former's wordy arrows. 

50. Hearing those words of Sikhandin, 
the mighty car-warrior Savyasachi (Arjuna) 
thinking tliat that was the right moment (to 
srrike Bhismi) urged tlie former on 
saying : — 

51. 'I shall fight behind yon crnslnng the 
enemy with my arrows ; now inflruned with 
wrath, do you assail Bhi!)ma of dreadful 

52. O mighty-armed hero, Bhisma will 
not f)e able to cause pain to you in battle, 
rijcrofore, O mij^lity hero, do you now assail 
Biiisma putting forth all your enerj>ies. 

53. If, O sire, you do return without 
sla>ing Bhisma in battle, you, along with 
myself, shall be exposed to the dcribion of 
the world. 

54. O hero, so exert yourself, that 
we may not be held in ridicule in this fierce 
battle. Struggling vigorously in battle, do 
you slay the grand-sire. 

55. I, myself O mighty hero, shall I«»ok 
to your protection, repulsing all the car- 
warriors of the enemy's host. Do you 
overthrow the grandfather. 

56. Drona and his son, Krishna, Suyo- 
dhana, Chitresana, Vikarna, Jayadraiha 
the king of the Sindhus, 

57. The two Avanti princes Vinda and 
Anuvinda, and budaksliina the luler of the 
Kamvojas, the heroic Bhagadalta, the 
mighty ruler of the Magadhas, 

58. The valiant son of Somadatla, the 
Raicshasa, Alamvusha. and the ruler of the 
'IViggarttas along with all the mighty car- 
warriors, — • 




50 All tlio«;f' tors, 1 will re-^ist like 
fhe banks resistinjj the wnves of the mii»hty 
main. I will also hold at bay the mij^hty 
warriors of the Kiirit army all united 
agaiiT^t us and fighting with us. Do you 
overthrow the grand-sire. 

Thus ends the hundred and ninth chap- 
ter, the interchange of word^ between 
Bhisma and Sikhandin in the commencement 
of the tenth days battle, in the Bhisma- 
Sad ha of the Bhtsma-parva, 




Dhritarastra said :— 

1. How did Sikhandin the prince of the 
Panchalas waxing wroth in battle rush 
against the son of Ganga, the grandfather of 
the Kurus. of illustrious soul and of regu- 
lated vows? 

2. Who were those mighty car-warriors 
that actively defended Sikhandin in that 
occasion needing great activity, with their 
weapons upraised and heart longing for 
victory ? 

3. How did also Santanu's son, Bhis- 
ma possessed of great prowess, fought on 
the tenth day, with the Pandavas and the 
"Srinjayas ? 

4. I am unable to brook the thought of 
Bhisma overthrown by Sikhandin in battle. 
Was then his (Bhisma*5) car shattered 
or his bow burst ? 

Sanjaya said :— 

5. Neither was the bow of Bhisma , 
broken nor was his car shattered to 
fragments, when, O foremost of the Bha- , 
rata, he fought on with the foe, | 

6. Slaying them in battle with many 
shafts of straight knots. Many hundreds 
and thousands of mighty car-warriors be- 
longing to your anny, I 

7. Many huge-tusked elephants, O king. , 
asalso many well-caparisoned chargers, ad- 
vanced to battle, with the grandsire at their 

8. In perfect harmony with his vow, 
O foremost of the Kurus. the ever-viciori- 
ous Bhisma continuously went on slau- 
ghtering the Koops of the Pandavas. 

o. The Panchalas accompanied by the 
Pandivas were mcapable of withstanding 
that fierce bowman as he fought on, slaying 
the foe with his shafts. 

10. When the tenth day arrived, Bhis- 
ma scattered the hostile army with his 
whetted siiafts, by hundreds and thou- 

II. Then the Pandavas could not van- 
quish in battle that fierce bowman that sire 
of Pandu, who then resembled the Des- 
tro3er himself with his noose in hand. 

12 Thereupon, O mighty monarch, the 
invincible Viohatsu, the conqueror of the 
god of wealth, who was able to use his 
weapons even with his left h^nd, rushed to 
the spot terrifying all the car-warrtors 

13. Then like the Destroyer himself, 
Pritha's son carreered t** rough the field, 
roaring constantly like a lion, twanging 
his bow-string and shooting myriads of 

14. Terrified at his roars, your warriors, 
O foremost of the Bharatas, f^ed, O king, 
out of panic, like deer filing at the sight 
of a lion. 

15. Then beholding the son of Pandu, 
to be the master of the field, and seeing his 
own troops greatly afflicted, Duryodhana, 
oppressed with fear thus addressed Bhis- 
ma: — 

Duryodhana said :— 

16. "Yonder stands the son of Pandu, 
owning cream-coloured steeds and Krishna 
himself for his charioteer, consuming my 
ranks, O sire, like fire itself consuming a 

17. Behold, C> son of Ganga, O foremost 
of warriors, my troops routed an^l afflictetl 
in battle, on all sides by that son of 

18. Just as a herds-man be labours hi«? 
h^rd in the forest (with a cudgeh, so, O 
af^licter of foes, see my army belaboured 

, by Arjuna (with his arrows). 

j IQ. Routed and shattered by the arrows 
of DliananJMva as my troops are, the invin- 
cible Bhima also is slaughtering them. 

I 20. Satyaki, Chekitnna, the twin sons 
of Madri by Pandu, and also Abhimanyu 
of threat prowers, — all these warriors are 
crushing my hosts. 

21. The heroic Dhristadyumna, and the 
Ra;cshasa Ghatotkacha.are also forcibly rout- 
ing and driving away my troops in this 
fierce battle. 

22. Of these troops who are being thus 
slaughtered by all these mij»hty car-warriors, 
I see no other refuse, regardmg the staying 
on the field and fighting with the foe, O 



33. Than yourself, O foremost of men, 
who are eoual to the celestials in battle. 
Tlierefore . ao you speedily confront those 
warriors, and so became the protector of my 
afflicted army/' 

24. Thus spoken to, O mighty monarch, 
your sire Devavrata, reflecting for a moment 
only and forming his determination, 

25. Spoke these words to your son, 
consoling him therewith; — "O Duryodhana, 

ruler of men, hear patiently what I now 
speak to 3'ou. 

26. Before the battle commenced, O 
mighty hero, I vowed to you, that slaying ten 
thousand high-souled Kshatriya warriors 

27. Every day, I would desist from 
fighting. O furemost of the Bharatas, I 
have acted up to my words. 

28. This day, O highly puissant hero, 

1 shall perform a marvellous fe;*t. Eiiiier 
slain I shall lie on the field, or 1 will to-d<iy 
slay the Pandavas. 

29. To-day, O foremost of male being 
I will liquidate the debt I owe to you, — 
debt arisij^g out of the food you gave me — 
by shuffling off this mortal coil in the very 
thick of baiile." 

30. Having thus spoken, O foremost of 
the Bharatas, that invincible hero scattering 
his arrows broadcast among the Ksha- 
triyas, rushed against the ranks of the 

31. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
the Pandavas began to resist the son of 
Ganga wrought up with rage, remaining in 
the centre of his divisions and looking like a 
snake of virulent poison. 

32. Then, O delighter of tlie Kuru race, 
on that the tenth day of the battle, Bhisma 
exhibiting his own prowess, O king, slew 
iiundreds and thousands of warriors. 

33. Of those who were the foremost 
princes amongst the Panchalas, he robbed 
tlie strength, like the sun drawing moisture 
with its rays. 

34. Having sl.nn ten thousand swift- 
moving elephants and also, O monarch, ten 
thousand chargers with their riders, 

35. And full hundred thousands of foot 
soldiers, that foremost of men, Bliisma, 
seemed to blaze forth like fire without a 
streak of smoke. 

36. None among the Pandava host was 
then able to look at him, as he then shone 
like the lustrous orb of the day shining in 
the Northern solstice. 

37. Then those Pandava troops and the 
mighty car-warriors of the Srinjiya clan, 
thus afflicted by Bhisma, in battle, rushed 
to slay tiiat fierce bowmen. 

38. Then fighting with tremendous odds, 
Bhisma the son of Santanu looked like the 
mount Meru enveloped by clouds on all 

39. Your son Ouryodliana supported 
by a mighty division protected Ganga's son 
by surrounding him on all sides. Then 
ensued a terrible combat. 

Thus ends the hundred and tenth chapter, 
the coloquy between Bhisma and DuryOf 
dhana in the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma 




Sanjaya said :— 

1. Then, O king, Arjuna belolding 
Bhisma*s prowess in bittle, addressed 
Sikliandin saying : — "Confront the grand- 

2. You should entertain no fear from 
Bhisma to-day, I will dislodge him from his 
exceFlcnt car with my sliarp arrows." 

3. Thus spoken to by Partha, and 
having listened to the former's words, Silch- 
andin, O foremost of the Bharatas, rushed 
against the son of Ganga. 

4. Then also, O king, Dhristadyumna 
and the mighty car-warrior the sun of 
Subhadra, filled with delight at having heard 
Arjuna's word, rushed against Bhisma. 

5. Also the two aged warriors Virata 
and Drupada, and Kuntivoja each protected 
with an armour, rushed against Ganga's 
son before the very eyes of your son. 

6. Nakula, and Sahndeva, and the 
highly powerful Dharmaraja Yudhisthira, 
as also the other inferior soldiers, O ruler of 

7* All advanced against the son of 
Ganga. As to your warriors who confront- 
ed, to the best of their abilities and to the 
best of their energies, those united and 
mighty car-warriors of the enemy, hear me 

8. Chitrasena, O king, confronted in 
battle Chekitana who had been proceeding 
against Bhisma in battle like a tiger-cub 
rushing against a bull. 

9. Kritavarman checked Dhristadyumna, 
O king, who having speedily approached 
Bhisma was then displaying his prowess in 


10. O monarch, then with great activity 
Somadatla'5 son encounicied Bhimasena 



inflamed with rage and exerting for the 
slaughter of Ganga's son. 

11. Then Vikarna, desirous of protect- 
ing the life of Bliisma checked the heroic 
Nakula who had been shooting myriads of 

12. Then Kripa, the son of Saradwata, 
wrought up with rage, checked, in battle, 
Sahadeva proceeding towards the car of 

13. Then the powerful Durmukha rush- 
ed a^ain^st the highly powerful Rakshasa of 
fearful deeds, that son of Bhimasena who 
was deirous of slaying Bhisma. 

14 — 18. Your son (Duryodhana) resi*^ted 
Satyaki proceeding to battle. Sudakbhiua, 
tlie ruler of the Kamvojas, checked, O king, 
Abhimanyu as he was rushing against tlie car 
of Bhibma. Asvv;ithaman inflamed with 
wrath, O Bharata, checked the two aged 
warriors, those crushers of foes, Virata and 
Drupada. Then the son of Bharadwaja care- 
fully fighting checked the son of Pandu 
(Yudhisthira), as he was proceeding desirous 
of slaying Bhisma. Then, O king, the fierce 
bow-man Dussasana checked in bnttle, 
Arjuna himself, who desirous of reaching 
near Bhisma was advancing, placing ■ Sik- 
bandin before him, and illumining the ten 
points of the compass. 

19 Other warriors of your host resisted 
in that haile the mighty car- warriors of the 
Pandav^i host as they were proceeding to- 
wards Bhisma in battle. 

20. Then excited to the highest pitch 
of fury, the mighty car-warrior Dhrista- 
dyumna ru^^hed against Bhisma, repeatedly 
ai<lressing the troops thus in a loud voice, 

21. "Yon delighter of the Kurus Ar- 
juna himself is rushing towards Bhisma. 
Hush you then upon the latter, and be not 
afraid. Bhisma will never be able to as- 
sail you. 

22. Even Vasava himself is not capable 
of vyithstanding Arjuna in battle, what to 
speak of the heroic Bhisma whose energy 
is gone and life is exhausted V* 

23. Hearing these words of their gene- 
ralissimo, the mighty car-warriors of the 
Pandava host, with delighted hearts, rushed 
against the car of tlie son of Ganga. 

24. Then those warriors of your army, 
all foremost of men, cheerfully resisted that 
onslought of the Pandavas that looked 
like a furiously advancing mass of living 

25. Then, O mighty monarch, the great 
car-warrior Dussasana, desirous of saving 
Bhisma's life, confronted Dhananjaya, dis- 
nn^^i*^g dl tear from his mind. 

26. So also the heroic Paudavas rushing' 
towards the car of Ganga's son, assailed 
your sons, all mighty car- warriors. 

27. Then, O monarch, we beheld a won- 
derful incident, namely that reaching Dus« 
sasana's car Partha could not advance fur. 

28. Just as the banks resist' the mighty 
m;iin with its waters ajiiitated, so did your 
son resist that son of Pandu inflamed with 

29. Both of them were excellent car- 
warriors, both were invincible, O Bharata, 
and both resembled the moon and the sun in 
splendour and beauty. 

30. Then like M;4ya and Sakra encoun- 
tering each other in the days of yore, those 
two heroes encountered each other in battle, 
highly excited with wrath, and desirous of 
slaying one another. 

31. Then, O monarch, Dussasana woun- 
ded the son of Pandu with three shafts in 
battle, and the son of Vasudeva witli 

32. Thereat Arjuna waxing wroth upon 
beiiolding him of the Vrishni race afflicted 
with arrows, sped hundred long shafts at 
Dussasana in that encounter. 

33. Those shafts, penetrating through 
the latters armour's drank his life-blood. 
Thereupon, inflamed with rage, Dus- 
sasana pierced Pritha's son with five 

34. Then again, O foremost of the Bha- 
rata, he pierced Arjuna with three shafts of 
exceeding sharpness, on the forehead. 
Then with those arrows, stuck on the 
forehead, Pandu's son appeared beau- 
tiful like 

35. The mount Meru with its crests 
towering high in the heavens. Pierced deep- 
ly by your son wielding the bow, that mighty 

36. Partha appeared beautiful like the 
flowering Kimuka tree. Then that son of 
Pandu, greatly excited afflicted Dussa- 

37. Like the enraged Rahu afflicting tho 
fuJlmoon on the fifteenth day of the light 
half of a month. Then thus afflicted by the 
powerful Partha, your son, O ruler of 

38. Pierced the former with arrows wing^. 
ed with the feathers of the Kanka bird and 
whetted on stone. Then Partha burstinj^ 
open Dussasana's bow and shattering his 
car with his arrows, 

39. Shot at him numerous dreadful ar- 
rows resembling the mace of Death himself. 



Then your son cut off those arrows before 
Itiey could reach him, 

40. Sped though they were by Partha 
exerting his best in battle. Indeed this ap- 
peared to be marvellous. Once more >our 
son pierced the son of Pritlia witli sliafts of 
exceeding sharpness. 

41. Thereupon wrought up with rage 
Partha fixing on his bow-string arrows fur- 
nished wiih golden wings and whetted on 
stone, discharged them at your son. 

42. These shafts, O monarch, entered 
into the body of the illustrious Dussasana, 
like swans. O Bharata, divmg into the 
waters ot a lake. 

43. Thus your son sorely afflicted by the 
illustrious son of P;«ndu, quickly avoiding 
him proceeded towards the chariot of Bhis- 

44. Then indeed Bhisma was like an 
island to him who was sinking into the 
fathomless deep (of pain). Then, O ruler 
of men, regain mg his senses, your son, 

45. Endued with bravery, and prowess, 
again, began to check Partha with well- 
sharpened shafts, like Indra resisting Vritra. 
Your son of huge stature, penetrated Ar- 
juna through and through but the latter did 
feel no pain at all. 

Thus ends the hundred and eleventh 
chapter, the encounter between Ar/nna 
and Dussasana, in the Bhisma'bad'ia of 
the Bhisma Parva. 


Saxgaya said :— 

1. The son of Rishyasringa, that fierce 
bowman resisted in battle Satyaki, who clad 
in marl was rushing towards Bhisma in 

2. Thereupon, O king, he of Madhn's 
race, wrought up with rage, wounded the 
Kakshasa with nine shafts, as if smiling. 

3. So also, O king, the enraged Rakshasa 
with nine shafts afflicted the illu-jtrious 
grandson of Sini of the race of Madhu. 

4- Then that slayer of hostile heroes that 
descendant of Madhus race viz the grandson 
of Sini. excited to the highest pitch of fury 
shot numerous shafts at the Rakshasa in 

5. Then the mighty-armed Rakshasa. 
O you of prowess incapable of being baffled 
pierced Satyaki with sharp arrows and 
utteied aloud his war-cry. 

6. Then that powerful descendant of 
Madhus race als3, though deeply pierced 
by the Rakshasa, depending on his own 
energy, smiled and uttered his war-cry. 

7. Then, Bhagadatta, wrought up with 
wrath in battle, pierced with wlieited sl»afts 
tiiat descendant of Madhu's race, like a 
guide piercing a huge elephant with a 

8. Then leaving alone the Rakshasa in 
tattle, that foremost of car- warriors namely 
the grandson of Sini, hurled darts of 
depressed knots against the ruler of the 

9. Then the ruler of the Pragjyotisas with 
a sharp-edged broad-headed shaft cutoff the 
the mighty bv)w of the descendant of 
Madhu's race, displaying great lightness of 

10. Thereupon that slayer of hostile 
heroes, taking up another bow of great 
toughness, pierecd the enraged Bhagadatta 
with sharp shafts in battle. 

II — 13. Thus deeply pierced, that mighty 
bow-man, licking the corners of his mouth, 
hurled at Satya&i an iron laUwC decked with 
gold and lapises, of great toughness, and 
terrible like the mace of Death. Then 
Satyaki with his arrows cut off that lance, 
O king, that had been coursing swiftly to- 
w;irds him, being shot by the force of 
Bhagadatta's arm. Then that lance fell 
down with force on the ground like a large 
meteor shorn of its splendure. 

14. Beholding that lance to be baffled, 
your son, O ruler of men, checked him of 
Madhu's race, surrounding him with a large 
number of cars. 

15. Then seeing that mighty cnr-warrior 
of the Vrishni race thus surrounded, king 
Ouryodhana highly excited with rage, thus 
spoke to his brothers :— 

t6. " Do you all so strive, O Kurus, that 
this Satyaki may not return back with his 
life from this mighty host of chariots. 

17. If he be slain, I may then consider 
the whole host of the Pandavas as nothing 
more than slain.'* Then accepting his 
words by saying 'yea*, the mighty car- 

18 — 19. Stationed in front of Bhisma 
began to fight with the grandson of Sini. 
Then the powerful ruler of the Kumvojas 
checked, in battle, Abhimanyu who had 
been vigorously advancing agamst Bhisma. 
Then the son of Arjuna having pierced the 
king with arrows of depressed knots, 

20 — 21. Once more wounded the king with 
sixty-four arrows. Thereupon Sudakshina 
also, desirous of saving Bhisma's life in 



battle, pierced Abhimanyu with five shafts 
and the latter's charioteer witli nine arrows. 
Then tlie battle that ensued consequent upon 
the encounter of those two heroes, was ex- 
ceedingly fierce. 

22 — 23. Sikhandin that grinder of foes 
rushed against the son of Gan^a. The two 
old mighty car-warriors, Drupada and 
Virata, inflamed with rage, rushed to fight 
witli Bhisina, holding at bay the army of 
the Kauravas as tliey advanced. Thereupon 
that foremost of car-warriors namely Aswa- 
thaman, wrought up with wrath confronted 
both those warriors in battle. 

24. Then, O Bharata, a dreadful fight 
ensued between him and and the old heroes. 
O afflicier of foes, with ten broad-headed 
sliafts \'irata wounded 

25, The mighty bowman, the son of 
Drona, the ornament of the field of battle 
as he advanced with velocity towards them. 
Drupada also with his sharp arrows pierced 

a6. Then Ashwathaman pierced with nu- 
merous shafts those two mighty warriors who 
having neared the son of the preceptor, 
had been wounding him with arrows. 

27. Still the heroes Virata and Drupada 
advanced towards Bhisma ; we then be- 
held an admirable feat achieved by those 
two old warriors, 

28. In as much as they repulsed all the 
dreadful arrows shot by Drona's son. Then 
Kripa the son of Saradwata rushed against 
the advancing Sahadeva, 

29 — 30. Like one infuriated elephant 
rushing against a compeer in the same 
state, in the woods. 'J'hen the heroic Kripa 
quickly pierced that mighty car-warrior the 
son of Madri with seventy shafts all decked 
with tsolden wings. Then the son of Madri 
burst his bow in twain with his strong 

31. Then the former pierced the latter 
whose bow has been cut asunder with nine 
shafts. The latter then taking up another 
bow capable of bearing great strain, 

32. And desirous of saving the life of 
Bliisma and excited with anger, struck 
cheerfully on the breast the son of Madri 
with ten shafts of exceeding sharpness. 

33. So also, O king, urged by the 
desire for slaying Bhisma, the son of Pf.ndu 
also worked up with rage struck the wrathful 
son ol Saradwata on his breast. 

34 — 35. . Then ensued a fierce fight of 
terrible aspect and capable of inspiring 
terror. Then that afflicterof foes viz., Vikar- 
na, desirous of rescuing the grandsire, and 
waxed up with rage, pierced Nakula in 

battle with no less then sixty shafts. 
Thus deeply pierced by your highly intelli- 
gent son, Nakula also 

36. Penetrated Vikarna with seven and 
sixty sharp arrows. Then for the sake 
of Bhisma, those two foremost of men, those 
two afflicters of foes, 

37—41. Those two heroes began to 
assail one another like two heifers amongst 
a herd of kine. Then for the sake of 
protecting Bhisma, the mighty Durmukha 
confronted the Rakshasa Ghatotkacha, who 
had been advancing to the fight slaying 
your troops. Then, O king, ilie sDn of 
Hidimva excited with wrath, struck that 
afflicter of foes viz., Durmukha on the 
breast with an arrow of straight knots. 
Then the heroic Durmukha, having cheer- 
fully pierced Bhimasena's son with sixty 
keen -pointed arrows, uitered his war-cry, 
standing at the van of the army. Then 
that mighty car-warrior, the son of Hridika 
checked that foremost of car-warriors Dhris- 
tadyumna as he was advancing desirous of 
slaying Bhisma. Then the son of Prishata 
having pierced Hridika's son with five iron 

42 — 43. Once more quickly struck him 
between his breasts with fifty shafts. 
Similarly, O king, Hridika's son pierced the 
son ol Prisata with nine arrows excedingly 
sharp and effulgent and furnished with wings 
made of the feathers of Kanka birds. Then 
for the sake of Bhisma, a fierce battle raged 
between them, 

44 — 45. As they struck one another with 
great ardour, like that between Vritra and 
the great Indra. Bhurisravas speedily came 
upon the mighty Bhimasena who had been 
falling upon Bhisma. Then the son of 
Somadatta wounded Bhima in the centre 
of his chest, 

46. With a long shaft of great sharp- 
ness and golden wings. With that shaft 
stuck on his breast, the puissant Bhimasena 
appeared beautiful, 

47 — 48. Like the Krouncha mountain, O 
foremost of kings, in the days of yore bear- 
ing the lance of Skanda. Then these two 
foremost of men, inflamed with fury, sped 
at one another, arrows of solar effulgence 
and burnished by the forgers themselves. 
Then Bhitna desirous of slaying Bhisma 
fought with that mighty car-warrior viz 
Somadattas son, 

49. Similarly the latter longing for 
the victory of Bhisma, struggled with the 
former, both striving to counteract one 
another in his feats. 

50. The son of Bharadwaja held in 
check that son of Kunti, Vudhisthira, who 



wns cominjSf upon Bhisma, surrounded by 
his large division. 

51. Then, O king, hearing the clatter 
of Drona's chariot, that resembled the 
rumble of the rain-cloud Parjnnya, the 
Prabhadrakas, O sire, quaked (with fear). 

52. Thus assailed by Drona that miglity 
division ol the son of Pandu could not stir 
one step forward, though striving vigorously. 

53. Then your son Chitrasena, with a 
fearful expression, checked in battle Cheki- 
tana advancing, O ruler of men, against 

54. Then for the sake of Bhisma, that 
miehty car-warrior (Chitrasena^ endued 
witn prowess and a praiseworthy quickness 
of hand, fought, O Bharata, to the best of 
his abilities, with Chekitana ; 

55. Similarly Chekitana also fought 
with him with equal ardour. Then fierce 
was the battle that commenced consequent 
upon their encountering each other. 

56. Then, O Bharata, Arjuna though 
repeatedly resisted by your son, repulsed 
the latter's divisions and began to crush your 

57. But Dussasana resisted Partha to the 
best of'his Jpowers, determined, O Bliarata 
that the latter might not sUy Bhisma. 

58. Thus the army of your son being 
thus slaughtered, the foremost of car- 
warriors began, O Liharata, to betray signs 
of agitation. 

Thus ends the hundred and twelfth 
chapter, the single-combats between the 
hostile heroes^ in the Bhisma-badha of the 
Bhisma Parva. 


Sanjaya said :-- 

I — 2. Then that foremost of men, the 
valiant Drona, that fierce bow-man pos- 
sessed of the prowess of an infiiriate ele- 
phant and of great energy tftkintr up and 
shaking his bow capable of checking even 
an infuriate elephant, began to crush the 
arrayed lines of the Pandavas, having 
penetrated into their very midst. 

3. That highly powerful one conversant 
with the nature of all omens beholding 
various om'^ns on all sides, thus addressed 
his son who had also been consuming the 
ranks of the enemy. 

4. " This indeed is the day, O son, on 
which the highly powerful son of Priiha 

desirous of slaying Bhisma in battle, will 
exert his utmost. 

5. My arrows are coming out of their 
own accord, and my bow seems to gape. 
My weapons are falling off when I am 
trying to fix tliein on the bow-string, and 
my mind is losing its ardour and warmth. 

6. Animils and birds are emitting fear- 
ful and inauspicious cries on all si<les. 
The vultures are swooping; down upon the 
mighty host of the Bharatas. 

7. The sun seems to be waned in its 
effulgence ; all the points of the compass 
have assumed a crimson hue. The earth 
seems to be paineii and to utter cries and 
to tremble on all sides. 

8. The Kanka birds, the vultures and 
the cranes are incess-mtly uttering cries. 
The jackals are uttering inauspicious and 
dreadful yells foreboding a terrible cala- 

9. Mighty meteors seem to shoot out 
from the centre of the solar disc. The con- 
stellation Parigha with trunkless form seems 
to over-ride the sun. 

10. The solar and the lunar discs have 
assumed dreadful aspects, foreboding terri- 
ble calamity to the kinefs, in the shape of the 
mangling of their bodies. 

n. The images of gods consecrating 
the temples of the Kuru king are laughing 
trembling and dancing, and lamenting. 

12. The planets are revolving, keeping 
the inauspicious sun to their left ; and the 
charming deity of the moon is risen with 
his horns downwards. 

13. The persons of kings belonging to 
the host of Dhritarastra's son appear to 
have lost all splendour, and though clad in 
armour, they do not seem to be shining. 

14. A loud uproar set up by the two 
armies is being heard, as also the blare of 
the conch Panchajanya, and the twang of 
bow of Gandiva. 

15. Surely Vibhatsu will, with the help 
of his excellent weapons, leaving other 
warriors in battle, confront the grandsire. 

16. The pores of the hair of my body 
are being contracted, and my mind mis- 
gives, thinking, O hero of long arms, of 
ihe battle that will ensue between Biusma 
and Arjuna. 

17. Placing before him that prince of 
the Pachalas, who is of sinful soul and who 
is ever inclined to deceitful behaviour, 
Partha is proceeding for battle towards 

18. Bhisma had said before, I will never 
slay Sikhandin, He was cret^ted a female 



by the Creator, but has become a man out 
of chance only . 

19. riiis mighty son of Yajnasena is 
thus reckoned as an inauspicious sign. The 
son of the ocean -goin^ Ganga will not 
therefore strike that in^iuspicious person. 

20. Thus as I reflecf, my mind mis" 
gives, knowing that Arjuna is rushing 
against the old grandsire of the Kurus, 
highly wrought up with rage. 

21. These three namely, the wrath of 
Yudhistltira, the encounter between Bliism* 
and Arjuna and my exertions in this battle 
are surely very harmful to the creatures. 

22. The son of Pandu is highly intelli- 
gent, endued with strength, heroic, accom- 
plished in the use of weapons, possessed of 
great agility and lightness; he is capable 
of shootmg his arrows to a great distance, 
and is 6rm in shooting them and is conver- 
sant with the nature of omens. 

23. He is invincible in battle even by 
the celestials headed by Vasava himself. 
He is mighty, quick-witted, indefatigable 
and the foremost of all warriors ; 

24. He IS ever victorious in battle and 
possessed of dreadful weapons. Avoiding 
his patli do you repair to liliisma of regu- 
I a ted vows. 

25 — 27. This day you will behold in 
battle a terrible massacre. Auspicious, 
mighty and gold -decked armours of heroes 
will be splintered into pieces with arrows of 
close knots ; the tops of standards, the 
lomaras and bows, and resplendent and 
sharp lanceSf and darts of the effulgence 
of gold and the cnparisons of eleph.mts 
shall this day be torn and broken by the 
enraged diacfem -decked Arjuna. 

28. This is not the time, O son for de- 
pendants to take care of their own lives. 
&o, keeping paradise in view, do you rush 
to battle for winning victory and fame. 

29. Yonder is Arjuna, with his banner 
bearing the emblem of an ape, crossing 
on his car the dreadful curn nt of battle, 
having cars, elephants and chargers for its 
eddies and which is incapable of being 
crossed over. 

30. Devotion to the Brahmanas, self- 
control, benevolence, asceticism, and land- 
able good conduct — these are to be found in 
that king only who owns for his brothers 

31. The mighty Bhimasena and the two 
sons of Pandu begotten upon Madri, and 
who have the son of Vasudevaof the Vrishni 
race for his saviour. 

32. It is the wrath, engendered by 
grief, of that Ytidhtsihira whose person 

have been consumed by the austerities of 
asceticism, that is consuming the host of the 
wicked-soiiled son of Dhritarastra. 

33. Yonder is seen the son of Pritha 
having Vasudeva for his protector, and 
checking all the troops of Dhsitarastra's 

34. Yon is seen the army agitated by 
the diadem-decked Arjuna, like the waters 
of the ocean agitated by a mighty whale. 

35. Listen to the cries of 'Alas and Oh' 
and to the shrieks of agony and distress ! 
Go, confront jthe son of the Panchala king. 
1 will confront Yudhisthira. 

36. Protected as it is on all sides with 
Atirathas, the centre of the very strong 
array of the mighty king's troops is difficult 
of being penetrated into, like the bowels of 
sea being difficult of access. 

37. Satyaki, Abhimanj'u, Dhristadyum- 
na and Vrikodara, and the twins Nakula 
and Sahadeva are all engaged in protecting 
that foremost of men vig king Yudhisthira. 

38. Blue-complexioned like the younger 
broliier of Indra, and tall like a mighty 
S^ila tree, yonder is Abhimanyu rushing to 
Bght at the head of his division, like a 
second n»alguna. 

39. Make your excellent weapoi^s ready» 
grasp your niif;hty bow, and then rush 
against the royal son ot Prisata and fight 
albo with Viikodara. 

40. What person wishes not his dear* 
loved son to live for eternal years 7 But in 
view of the duties of Kshatriyas, 1 do com- 
mand you to figh t. 

4t. Yonder is Bhisma, equal in battle 
to Death himself or Varuna, O son, 
consuming the hostile host. 

Thus ends the hundred and thirteenth 
chapter, the colloquy between Drona and 
Aswathaman in the Bhisma- badha of thm 
Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. Having heard those words of the high- 
soiiled Drona, Bhagadatta, Kripa, Salya, 

2. The princes Vinda and Anuvinda 
from Avanti, Jayadratha the ruler of the 
Sindhus^ Chitraseua, Vikarnaand Durmac- 
bana and others,^ 



3. 'fhese (en warriors of your army 
en^Rged with Bliimasena in battle, support- 
ed by a large division consisting of foops 
recruited from various countries, 

4. And desirous, O king, of winning 
great fame in that battle for Bhisma's sake. 
Then Salya pierced Bhimasena with nine 
arrows ; 

5. Kritavarman pierced him with three 
shafts, Kripa witlj nine, and, O sire, Chitra- 
sena, Vikarna and Bhagadatta 

6. Eacli pierced Bhimasena with ten 
arrows separately. The ruler of the Sindhus 
pierced Bhimasena with three afrrows. 

7. Vinda and Anuvinda pierced the son 
of Pandu, with five shafts each ; and Dur- 
marsana pierced him with twenty shafts of 
exceeding sharpness. 

8 — 9. Then, O mighty monarch, that 
slayer of hostile heroes, via., the heroic son 
of Pandu wounded, one after another, all 
those mighty car-warriors of the Dhrita- 
rastra host, of world-wide fame. He 
pierced Salya with seven arrows, Kritavar- 
man with eight ; 

10. And, O Bharata. he cut in the 
middle Kripa's bow with arrows fixed on 
the string, in that battle. Then again he 
pierced the latter whose bow had been cut 
m twain with seven shafts. 

11. He also wounded Vinda and Anu- 
vinda with three shafts each, and Dur- 
marsana with twenty and Chitrasena with 

12. Then Bhima having pierced Vi- 
karna with ten arrows and the ruler of the 
Sindhus with five, roared out in delight ; and 
then again he pierced Jayadratha with 
three arrows. 

13. Thereafter that foremost of car- 
warriors, that son of Gotami, taking up 
another bow and waxing wroth, pierced 
Bhima with ten shafts of great sharpness. 

14. Then like a huge elephant pierced 
with the hook, the mighty Bhimasena, 
pierced with those ten arrows, was worked 
up with rage, O monarch, 

15 — 16. And he pierced the son of 
Gotami with numerous arrows in battle. 
Then with three arrows, that one of efful- 
gence like that of the Destroyer himself 
despatched to the regions of Death, the 
steeds and driver of the ruler of the Sindhus. 
Then that mighty car- warrior quickly 
junriping down from the car, the steed of 
which were slain, 

17 — 18. Discharged sharp arrows to- 
wards Bhimasena in that battle. Then, O 
sire, with a couple of broad-headed arrows 
Bhima cut in twain the bow, O foremost of 

the Bharatas, of the iflustriotrs ruler of (he 
Sindhus. Then the latter, O king, with his 
bow burst, hrs horses and charioteer slain, 
and deprived of his car, 

19. Speedily ascended, O king, the 
chariot of Chitrasena. Then that son of 
Pandu achieved marvellous feats in that 

20. In as much as piercing all those 
mighty car-warriors with arrows and resist- 
ing them, he deprived, O sire, the ruler of 
the Sindhusf of his car, before the eyes of 
all on -lookers. 

21. Then Salya did not tolerate the 
the prowess, of Bhimasena j and fixing 
sharp arrows burnished of the forgers, 

22. He pierced Bhima in battle, ex- 
claiming 'Stay, Stay.' Then Kripa and 
Kritavarman, and the highly powerful 

23. And Vinda and Anuvinda from 
Avanti, and Chitrasena, and DuMnursana 
Vikarna, the valiant ruler of the Sin- 

24. All these subduers of foes, then 
quickly pierced Bhima (with arrows), for 
rescuing Salya. He (Bhima) also pierced 
them in return, each with five shafts, 

25. He pierced Salya first with seventy 
shafts and again with ten shafts. Salya 
also first piercing him with nine arrows next 
wounded him with five. 

26. Then he pierced Bhima's charioteer 
deeply into the vitals with a broad-headed 
shaft. Then the mighty Bhimasena, be- 
holding his charioteer Visoka thus man- 

27—29, Wounded the king of the Ma- 
dras in the breast and arms with three ar- 
rows. He then abo pierced other bowmen 
in that battle, each with three shafts, and 
then roared aloud like a lion. Then all 
tliose bowmen, fighting with care, pierced 
Pandu's son, versed in all modes of warfare^' 
in his vitals, each with three shafts of keen - 
points. Tliough thus deeply pierced that 
fierce bowman Bhimasena was not pained 
in the least, 

30. Like a mountain washed with thick 
shower of rain poured down by the clouds. 
Then possessed with anger that mighty 
car-warrior of the Pandavas, 

31. Of illustrious fame, having pierced 
the king of the Madras with three shafts, 
wounded the ruler of the Pragjyotisas, O 
king, with hundred shafts in battle. 

32. Then that high-famed warrior hav- 
ing pierced Kripa with many arrows, cut 
off the bow and the arrows of the illustrious 
descendant of the Satwata race, 




33 — 34' With horse -shoe-headed arrow 
oi greAt sharpness, displaying the while 
great lightness of hands. Then that afflic- 
ter of foes Kritavarman taking up another 
bow, struck Vrikodara between his two 
brows with a long and sharp shaft. Bhi- 
ma then wounding Salva in battle with nine 
shafts wholly made of iron, pierced, Bhagn- 
datta with three and Kritavarman with 
eight arrows, and each of the other warriors 
including the son of Gotami ^c, with two 

35. Those heroes also, O king, pierced 
him with exceedingly sharp arrows. Though 
thus pierced by all those mighty car-war- 
riors with all kinds of weapons, 

36 — 38. Yet regarding them as mere 
htravvs, he careered through the field with- 
out the lea«?t pain. Those foremost of rar- 
warriors al-^o patiently sped at Bhima 
sliarp arrows by liiindreHs and thousands. 
Then the hipfhly powerful heroic Bhaga- 
datta let go his lance of great velocity and 
of a golden staff at that illustrious warrior 
Bhima. The mighty-armed king of the 
Sindhus hurled at the latter a lance and a 

39 — 40. Kripa hurled at Bhima a Sata- 
ghni, and, 'O king, Salya a fierce dart ; of 
the other warriors each, aiming at Bhima, 
forcibly let go five shafts whetted on stone.* 
Then the son of the wind-god (Bhima), with 
a horse -shoe-headed arrow, cut that lance 
in twain. 

41. He also severed that battle-axe as if 
it were sesamum stalk with three arrows ; he 
broke into pieces the Sataghni with nine 
shafts furnished with wings of the feathers 
of Kanka birds. 

42. Then Bhimascna ever proud in bat- • 
tie cut off every weapon into three parts ; 
and he also pierced all those fierce bow- 
men opposed to him, each witlj three 

43. Then when the combat was thus ra- 
ging fiercely, Dhananjaya came there on 
bis car, and beheld Bhima that mighty car- 

44. Slay in battle his opponents and 
fight with them with his arrows. Then be- 
holding those two illustrious sons of Pandu 

45 — 46. Your warriors, all foremost of 
len, did not cherish any hope of victory 

:n. Then Arjuna, who was proceeding 
•«;irous of slaying Bhisma, with Sikhandin 

fore him, seeing Bhima fight with the ten 
i'4^hty car- warriors of your army, con- 

atcd them in battle. 

^7. Then, O monarch, out of a desire 
doing an act pleasurable of Bhima, 

Vibhatsu pierced those heroes wlio had 
been so coolly fighting with Bhima in 

48. Thereupon king Duryodhana urged 
kingSusarman for bringing about the slau- 
ghter of Arjuna as also of Bhima. 

49. "Go 30U, O Susarman, speedily 
surrounded by a large host of your troops. 
Slay me these two sons of Pandu, viz., Dlia- 
nanjaya and Vrikodara." 

50. Hearing these words of the king, the 
chief of the Trigarttas, the ruler of 
Prasthala, assaulting the two bowmen 
Bhima and Arjuna, 

51. Surrounded tHem on all sides with 
many thousand chariots. Then ensued a 
fierce battle between Arjuna and his oppo- 

Thus ends the one hnndred and four- 
teenth chapter, the prowess of Bhimnsena 
in the Bkisma-badha of the Bhisma 



Sanjaya said :— 

X. Arjuna covered over with his arrows 
of straightknots that mighty car-warrior 
Salya who had been fighting very care- 

2. He pierced Susarman and Kripa, 
each with three shafts ; then in that battle, 
the ruler of the Pragjyotisas, Jayadratha, 
the ruler of the Sindhus, 

3. Chitrasena, Vikama, Kritavarman, 
Durmarsana and, O king, the foremost car- 
warriors from Avanti, 

4. All these warriors were pierced each 
with three shafts winged with Kanka and 
peacock feathers, by the Atiratha Arjuna, 
who had been afflicting your army. 

5. Then, O Bharata, Jayadratha who was 
riding on the car of Chitrasena, having 
pierced Partha in battle, pierced Bhima also 
with his arrows. 

6. Salya and Kripa those foremost of car- 
warriors also pierced in battle, Jishnu with 
myriads of shafts, O king, each capable ol 
penetrating into the very vitals. 

7 — 8. Then, O ruler of men, your sons 
headed bv Chitrasena, in that battle quick- 
ly pierced Bhima and Arjuna, O sire, each 
shooting five arrous of exceeding sharpness. 
Then these two foremost of car-warriors the 



two illustrious descendants of the Bharata 
race, viz., the sons of Kunti, 

9. Afflicted in battle the mighty division 
of Trigartta troops ; thereupon Susarman 
pierced Partha in battle with nine swift- 
coursing arrows. 

10—12. And then he roared out his 
fierce war-cry, striking, terror into 
the heart of the enemy's host. Other 
hereic car- warriors pierced Bhimasena 
and Dhananjaya with straight-going 
exceedingly sharp arrows, all furnishd with 
golden wings. Those two foremost des- 
cendants of the Bharata race, viz., the two 
sons of Kunti, sporting on their cars 
amidst those car-warriors, appeared beauti- 
ful, and resembled two enraged lions looking 
out for flesh amidst a herd of cows. 

13. Cutting off the bows and arrows 
of the heroes in battle, those two fierce 
warriors began to fell the heads of men 
by hundreds. 

14. Many cars were shattered ; and 
steeds by hundreds were slain and in that 
fierce conflict, elephants witli tlieir riders fell 
on the ground by hundreds. 

15. Here and there car-warriors and 
horse-men were slain ; and many were seen 
to tremble on all aides. 

16. The earth* become strewn over with 
slain elephants, and mangled foot-soldiers 
and chargers, and witli cars broken into 

17. In that battle we beheld the mar- 
vellous prowess of the miglvty Arjuna, 
in as much as, checking those heroes by his 
shafts, he slew troops by hundreds. 

18. Then Kripa and Kritavarman, and 
Jayadratha the ruler of the Sindhus, and 
Vinda and Anuvinda from Avanti, did not 
abandon the fights 

19. Then the fierce bowman Bhima 
and the mighty car-warrior Phalguna 
began to crush severely the dreadful army 
of the Kurus. 

20. Thereupon, the rulers of earth 
quickly began to pour on the car of Dhanan- 
jaya thousands and thousands of arrows. 

21. Then checking those mighty car- 
warriors with the net-work of arrows woven 
by himself, Partha began to despatch them 
to the regions of Death. 

22. llien in that battle, the mighty car- 
warrior Salya inflamed with wrath, pierced, 
as if sporting, Jishnu on the breast with 
broad- headed and straight- knotted shafts. 

23« Then Partha having cut off the 
former's bow and gloves with five arrows, 
pierced him in his vital parts with arrows of 
great sharpness. 

24. Thereupon taking up another bow 
capable of bearing great strain, the ruler 
of the Madras waxing wroth, pierced Jishnu 
in battle, 

25. With three arrows, and the son of 
Vasudeva with five and Bhimasena on the 
breast and arms with nine shafts. 

26. Then, O monarch, Drona and the 
king of the Magadhas, both being com- 
manded by Duryodhana,, hied to that 

27. Where the two mighty car-warriors, 
Partha and Bhimasena, the sons of Pandu, 
had been slaughtering the mighty divisions 
of the Kourava host. 

28. O foremost of the Bharatas, then 
Jayatsena in that battle pierced Bhimasena 
possessed of terrible weapon, with eight 
sharp arrows. 

29. Then Bhima piercing him with ten 
shafts again pierced him with five, and he 
felled the latter's charioteer from his seat on 
the box of the car. 

30. Then borne by the unrestrained 
steeds flying hither and thither, the ruler of 
the Magadiias was carried away from the 
field of battle even before the every eyes 
of the on -looking troops. 

31. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
Drona availing himself of an weakness of 
Bhima pierced the latter with eight keen- 
pointed darts whetted on stone. 

32. Then, O Bharata, Bhima, that 
hero ever proud in battle, pierced his 
sire-like preceptor first with five broad- 
headed arrows and then with another sixty 
of the same. 

33. Arjuna also having pierced king 
Susarman with many shafts of iron, began 
to scatter the latter's host like a tempest 
scattering mighty masses of clouds. 

34. Thereupon, Bhisma, king Duryo- 
dhana himself, the ruler of the Kosalas 
and Vrihadvala, all excited with rage 
assailed in a body Bhimasena and Dhanan- 

35. So also the Pandava heroes, Prisata's 
son Dhristadyumna and others, rushed 
against Bhisma who then resembled Death 
with mouth wide open. 

36. Sikhandin also approaching the 
grandsire of the Bharatas delightedly rushed 
at him, harbouring no fear from that 
mighty car-warrior. 

37. The Parthas accompanied by the 
Srinjayas, and headed by Yudhisthira 
himself, willi Sikhandin at their van fought 
on with Bhisma. 




38. Similarly all your warriors wiili 
Bhisma of regulated vows at tlieir forefront 
fougfht with the Partha warriors headed by 

39. Then the contest tliat ensued be- 
tween the sons of Pandu and the 
Kouravas for tlie conquest of jBhisma, 
became terrible to the extreme. 

40. In that battfe, O ruler of men, that 
may be compared to a game at dice, for the 
sake of victory or the reverse, Bhisma 
>vas the slake of your warriors. 

41. Then, O foremost of kings, Dhrista- 
dyumna urged on the troops to assail 
Ganga's son exclaiming, •' Fear not, O 
excellent car -warriors." 

42. Hearing the words of (heir gene- 
ralissimo, the division of the Pandavas dis- 
regarding their lives quickly rushed at 

43. Like the banks receiving the surging 
waves of the mighty main, Bhisma also, 
O monarch, thnt foremost of car- warrior, 
received that assailing host of the enemy , 

Thus end^ the hundred and fifteenth 
chapter^ the proxvess of Bhima and Arjnna^ 
in the Bhisma-badha of the Bliisnia 


Dhritarastta said :— 

X. How, O Sanjaya, did the highly 
puissant son of Santanu, viz., Bhisma fight 
on the tenth day with the Panda vas and the 
Sriujayas ? 

2. How did also the Kurus, check the 
Pandavas in battle? Describe to me live 
fierce battle that Bhisma^ that ornament of 
battle-field, fought with the foe. 

Sai^jaya said 

3. I shall, O 
as to how did 
Pandavas, and 

4. Day after 
warriors of your 
regions of the 
weapons shot 

5. That conqueror of assembled enemies, 
viz., Bhisma, that foremost of Kuru heroes 
icver redeeming his vows, also destroyed the 
hosts of the Pandavas. 

6. Beholding Bhisma fighting at the 
head of the Kurus and Arjuna at the head 
Qi Panchala troops, we were unable, O 

Bharata, rehearse to yoit 
the Kurus fight with the 
how also did that battle 

day, the irate migiily car- 
army were conveyed to the 
departed by the excellent 
by the diadem -decked 

afflKter of foes, (0 divine as to wliich side 
would be victorious. 

7. Then in tliat battle on the tenth day 
when Bhisma and Arjuna confronted one 
another, (lie carnage tliat was caused was 
indeed terrible to the extreme. 

8. Then Bhisma, the son of Santanu, 
that hero conversant with excellent weapons, 
slew, O afflicter of foe?, many warriors by 
millions and thousands. 

9. Many were tlie number of those un- 
retreating heroes, whose names and desig- 
nations and families were not known, who 
lay slaughtered b> Bhisma on the field of 

10. Having consumed the Pandava 
ranks for ten days, tlie high-souled Riiisma, 
O afflicter of foes, became disregardful of 
his life. 

II — 12. Then wishing his quick slaught- 
er at the face of the armies, and thinking — 
* I will no longer slay foremost of car-war- 
riors in b;itllc,' — 30ur miglity-armed father 
Devavrata, addressing Yudhisthira who was 
then near him said these words : — 

13. " O Yudl)isthira, O very wise one, 
O you fnmiliar wiih all the Snstras ! Hear, 
O sire, I speak those words, that are fraught 
with moral teachings and that are capable 
of securing paradise for any one. 

14. O Bharata, O sire, I am disgusted 
with this body of mine. I have passed my 
days in slaying numerous creatures in 

15. So if you desire to do me a good 
I turn, strive Your best for slaying me, 

placing the ranchalas and Srinjayas with 
Partha, before yourself." 

16. Ascertaining that to be the desire 
of Bhisma, king Yudhisthira of unerring 
sight rushed against Bhisma in battle with 
the Srinjayas for his supporters. 

17. Thereupon, O king, Dhrishtadyum- 
na and Yudhisthira the son of Panda, hav- 
ing heard those words of Bhisma urged on 
their forces saying : — 

Yudhisthira said :— 

18. Proceed, fight ! conquer Bhisma in 
battle ; you will be protected by Jishnu of 
unerring aim who is ever the conqueror of 
foes ; 

19. This fierce bowman the son of Pri- 
sata the commander of our hosts and 
Bhimasena also, will assuredly protect you 
all in battle. 

20. Ho Srinjayas. entertain no fear ^ 
Bhisma in battle to-day ! Placing Si- 
khandin in our van we ivilj assuredly con- 
quer Bhisma in battle." 



Sanjaya said :— 

21. Then on the tenth day, makinjsr all 
these arrangements, the Pandavas deter- 
mined to conquer or to go to the regions of 
Brahma ; and infuriate with rage, tlwy 
encountered Bhisma. 

22. Placing Sikhandin and Dhananjaya 
the son of Pandu at their head, they 
^ruggled arduously to overthrow Bhisma. 

23. Then numerous heroic rulers of va- 
rious countries commanded by your son, 
accompanied by their sons, and by their 
own naighty divisions, 

24. As also your liighly puissant son 
Dussasana supported by all his uterine 
brothers, then began to support Bhisma 
slaying in the midst of the troops, 

25. Then all your warriors placing 
before them Bhisma of regulated vows began 
to fight with the Parthas having Sikhandin 
•at their van. 

26. Then that hero having the ape as 
the device on his standard, placing Sikhan- 
din before him and accompanied by the 
Chedis and Panchalas, rushed against 
Bhisma the son of Santanu. 

27. The grandson of Sini fouglit with 
Drona's son, Dhristaketu with the descen- 
dant of Puru and Yudhnmanyu with king 
Duryodhana and his ministers. 

28. Then, O afHicter of foes, Virata sup- 
ported by his division confronted Jayadratha 
with his troops, that heir of Vridha- 

29. Vudhisthira encountered the kino of 
Madras supported by his soldiers. Bhima- 
sena also, well protected, assaulted the ele- 
phant division of the enemy. 

30. The prince of the Panchalas wrou- 
j^ht up with rage and supported by his 
uterine brothers rushed against Drona's son 
invincible, irresistible, and foremost of all 
wielders of weapons. 

31. Thatsubduer of enemies, viz., prince 
Vrihadvala, confronted Subhadra's son who 
i>ore the device of a lion on his standard 
^nd whose flag resembled a shaking 
Karnikara flower. 

32. Then your sons accompanied by 
other monarchs, fell upon Sikhandin and 
that son of Pandu namely Dhananjaya, 
desirous of slaying them both. 

33. Then when the fighters of the two 
hosts rushed impetuously against one ano- 
ther in that terrible combat, the earth 
shook underneath their tread. 

34. Beholding Santanu's son in battle, 
4be divisions of your army and those of the 
enemy clashed against one another, O Bha- 

35- Then when, infuriated, those two 
hosts rushed against one another, ^terrible 
was the din that filled afl the different 
quarters of the earth, O Bharata. 

36. And the din become btill more awful 
being aggravated by the blare 'of conchs 
and the sound of drums and the roars 
of elephants and the war-cries of the 

37. Then the radiance emitted from the 
bracelets and diadems of all the royal war- 
riors — radiance resembling the splen- 
dour of the sun or the moon—become be- 

38. Clouds of dust were raised in which 
played the lightning consisting of the flashes 
of weapons. The twang of bows also be- 
came tremendous. 

39. The whizzing of arrows, il^e blare of 
conchs, the loud sound of the drums, and 
the cbtter of cars of the warriors of both the 
hosts were indeed awful. 

40. The sky over the head of the two 
armies assumed a lowering aspect in conse- 
quence of the numerous d;irts, javelins, 
lances and arrows shot and hurled by 

41. In that dreadful battle, car-warriors 
and horsemen, smote down one another. 
Elephants crushed elephants, and foot- 
soldiers slew foot-soldiers. 

42. Then, O foremost of men, like the 
fight between two hawks for a piece of 
meat, the fit^'ht, for the sake of Biiisma, be- 
tween tlie Pandavas and the Kurus, become 
very awful. 

43. Then dreadful was the encounter In 
that battle between those two armies, each 
desirous of slaughtering and gaining victory 
over its rival. 

Thus ends the hundred and sixteenth 
chaf>ter, the advice of Bhisma, in th$ 
Bhtsma-badha of the Bhisma Parva, 

(BHISxMA-BADHA P\K\ \)^Contd. 

Sanjaya said :— 

1. Then for the sake of Bhisma's slau- 
ghter, the highly powerful Abhimanyu, O 
mighty monarch, engaged with your son 
supported by his large division. 

2. Thereupon king Duryodhana waxing^ 
wroth, pierced Krishna's nephew on the 
breast first with nine arrows of straight- 
knots, and then again with three shafts. 

3. Then in that battle, Krishna's nephew, 
inflamed with wrath, let go at the car of 



58. Then, O niler of men, the army of 
your sons consisting of various divisions, 
Arjuna began to scatter away like a 
strong gale scattering away clouds in the 

59. Then Si'chandin confronting the 
grandsire of the Bliarata*;, pierced patiently 
the latter with myriads of shafts. 

60. Tiien Bhisma be^an to consume 
the Kshatriyas in battle, like a firp, 
having his chariot for its fire-chambcrs, his 
bow for its flames, his swords, lances and 
maces for its fuel and his numerous shafts 
for its dreadful scintillations. 

61. Just as a conflagration fed with a 
constant supply of fuel leaps from house to 
house being aided by a breeze, so also did 
Bhisma tlien burn the hostile troops 
displaying his weapons of celestial make. 

62. Then that mighty car-warrior 
Bhisma. holding in check the division of the 
son of Pandu -(Arjuna), slew those Somakas 
in battle who followed Partha, 

62* With arrows furnished with golden 
wings and of great sharpness and depressed 
knots ; and he filled the points cardinal and 
subsidiary of the compass with the echoes of 
his war-cries. 

64. He dislodged car-warriors from 
their cars, and felled, O king, horsemen with 
their chargers; he also made the mighty 
car-division look like Palmyra groves, with 
trees deprived of their leafy heads. 

65. Then Bhisma that foremost of all 
wielders of weapons deprived, O king; the 
cars, the chargers and the elephants, of 
their respective riders, in that battle. 

66. The troops then, O king, began to 
tremble, hearing the twang of his bow-string 
and the slap of his palms, that resembled 
the thunder itself. 

67. Indeed, O lord of men, the arrows 
of Bhisma did never fail to hit their marks. 
Shot from his bow, the arrows did not stick 
merely on the skin of warriors and animals. 

68. Then, O king, O ruler of men, we 
beheld cars deprived of the^r' riders, drag- 
ged on all side, with the velocity of the 
wind by the fleet steeds that were yoked to 

69 — 71. Full [fourteen thousand high- 
famed mighty !car-warriors of illustrious 
extraction, ready to sacrifice their lives in 
battle, and unretreating and heroic, and 
owner of standards adroned with gold, all be- 
longing to tjie race of the Chedis, the 
Kasis and Karushas, confronting the heroic 
Bhisma who then appeared like Death him- 
self with mouth wide opeo, were swiftly 
despatched to the other world with all their 
cars, elepliants and chargers. There was 

not a single mighty car-warrior, O kitlt'. 
among the Somakas, 

. 72—73. Who having confronted Bhisma 
in that battle, was able to return alive 
from the engagement. Beholding all those 
warriors despatched to the domain of the 
ord of the departed, people then thought 
Ingh of Bhisma's prowess. No car-warrior 
then ventured to encounter that hero. 

74' Save and except that heroic son of 
Pandu, owning cream-coloured steeds, and 
havmg Krishna for his charioteer, and that 
prmce of the Panchalas, Sikhandin of im- 
measurable energy. 

Thus ends the hundred and seventeenth 
chapter, the dreadful battle and carnage, 
tn the Bhisma-badha of the Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said:— 

1. Then, O foremost of men, Sikhnndin 
having encountered Bhisma in baltfe, 
pierced the latter on his breast with ten 
broad-headed shafts of great sharpness. 

2. Then the son of Ganga looked at 
Sikhandin with his eyes blazing in rage, 
and, O Bharata, he seemed to burn the 
latter by his glance only. 

3. But, O king, remembering his femi- 
ninity, Bhisma did not wound him before 
the eyes of all in that battle. The latter 
however comprehended it not. 

4. Therefore, O monarch, Arjuna said 
to Sikhandin, "swiftly rush at the grand- 
sire and slay him. 

5. What is that you want to speak, O 
hero? Slay the mighty car-warrior Bhisma, 
I do not see a man in the whole army 
of Yudhisthira, 

6. Who is able to fight with Bhisma ii> 
battle, except yourself, O best t>f men? 
Ihis 1 say to you forsooth." 

7. Thus spoken to by Pritha's son, O 
foremost of the Bharatas, Sikhandin 
speedily covered the grandsire with arrows 
of various description j 

8. But disregarding those arrows, your 
sire Devavrata, wrought up with wrath 
engaged to fight with Arjuna by means of 
his shafts. 

9- That mighty car-warrior also des- 
patched the forges of the Pandavas to the 
other world, O sire, with his sharp-pointcd 



to. On the other hand, O king, the sons 
of Pandii, supported by mighty divisions 
covered Bhisma over, like clouds covering 
the orb of the day. 

XI. Then, O foremost of the Bharata, 
that chief of the Bharatas thus surrounded 
on all sides, began to onsume those hero- 
es in battle like a raging conflagration 
burning the woods. 

12. Then we beheld the wonderful prow- 
ess of your son as much as he simultaneous- 
ly fought with Arjuna aud protected the 
grand -si re. 

13. Then all people were gratified with 
the feat achieved by your high-minded sorr 
Dussasana wielding his bow ; 

T4. For then he. sinjofle-handed, fought 
with the Pandavas including Arjuna him- 
self ; he then fought so fiercely that the 
Panda vas were unable to resist him. 

15. In that battle car-warriors were 
deprived of their cars by Dussisana ; 
mighty horse-men and liighly powerful 
elephant- riders, 

16. Mangled with his shafts, fell down 
on the surface of the earth. Huge-tuskod 
el'»phants afflicted with arrow-wounds ran in 
all directions. 

17. Just as fire fed with fuel fiercely 
blazes forth with terrible flames, so did 
your son consume the troops of the 

18. None of the heroic car-warriors 
of the Pandava host, O Bharata, was then 
able to vanquish, nay to encounter, that 
warrior of gigantic stature, 

19. Except Arjuna the son of the great 
Iiidra, having white steeds and owning 
Krishna for his charioteer. Then, O king, 
the ever- victorious Arjuna defeating Dussa- 
sana in battle, 

20. Rushed against Bhisma even before 
the very eyes of the people assembled there. 
Though vanquished, your son then depend- 
ing greatly upon the strengtii of Bhisma's 

31. Furiously fought with the Panda vas 
comforting his own troops at the same time. 
Arjuna also, O king, engaged in battle 
appeared very beautiful. 

22. Sikhandin also, O monarch, pierced 
the grandsire in battle with sharp arrows, 
of which the touch resembled that of the 
bolt of heaven and which were mortal like 
the virulent venom of snakes. 

23. Tliese shafts, O ruler of men, did 
not cause any the slightest pain to your 
father, and then the son of Ganga received 
those arrows with a smile. 



24. Just as a man burning with thirst 
eargerly welcomes a shower of rain, so did 
also the son of Ganga receive the shower 
of arrows discharged by Sikhandin. 

25. Then, O mighty monarch, the Ksha- 
triyas beheld Bhisma look terrible, as he 
consumed the ranks of the high-soulcd 

26. Then your son commanded, O sire, 
all your troops saying : — "Assail from all 
sides the heroic Phalguna. 

27. The valiant Bhisma conversant 
with all duties will protect us in battle." 
Then those troops of yours dismissing all 
fears fought on with the Pandavas. 

2S. (Again did Duryodhana say) "Yonder 
is Bhisma, with his tall standard marked 
with the device of a golden palmyra, striving 
for saving the honour and armours of all 
the Dhritarastra warriors. 

29. Even the celestials striving vieforou*:- 
ly cannot overcome the mighty and high- 
souled Bhi<;ma in brittle, what to speak of 
the sons of Pritha who are mere mortals. 

30. Therefore, O warriors, do 3'ou not 
run away getting Phalguna as an adversary 
in battle. I myself, putting forth my best 
energies, shall this day. battle against the 

31. United with all these rulers of earth, 
all exerting their best in battle." Hearing 
those words of your son wielding the bow, 

32. All the valiant and highly powerful 
warriors wrought up with rage, bcljiiging to 
the clans of the Videhas, the Kalingas, the 
Daserakas, and many other tribes, 

33. Fell upon Arjuna in battle. The 
Nishadas, the Souviras, the Valhikas, the 
D^radas. the Westerners, the Northerners 
and the Malavas, 

34. Abhishas, the Surasenas, the Sivis, 
the Vasatis, the Salavas, the Sakas, the 
Trigartlas, the Ambhasthas with the 

35 — 38. Then rushed upon the son of 
Pritha like a flight of insects rushing at the 
flames of a fire. Then,0 mighty monarch,that 
highly powerful hero Dhananjaya, always 
dreaded in battle,invoking celestial weapons, 
fixed them on his bowstring, and aiming 
them at those hundreds of enemy's divi- 
sions of car-warriors swiftly consumed them 
alt. by means of those powerful darts of 
great velocity, like fire burning down a fiight 
of insects. Then the bow Gandiva of 
that resolute bowman appeared resplendent 
as he shot myriads upon myriads of arrows 
from it. Then, O mighty monarch, those 
Kourava warriors with their tall standards 
splintered into pieces, 



39^-41. Venture<l not, even in a body, 
to proceed agnin<;t Arjunn owning the stand- 
ard marked with the device of an ape. 
Afflicted with sh ifts by the diadem-decked 
Arjuna, car-warriors fell with their stand- 
ar«ls, horse-riders with th<»ir horses atid 
elcphant-'-iders with their elephants. Then 
the earth bf*comc soon covered with divisions 
of kings flying in all directions in conse- 
quence of the shafts shot by the arms of 
Aijuna. Then having completolv crushed 
the enemy's ranks, the son of Pritha, 

42. Sp^J numerous shafts at j'our son 
Dussisana. Those iron-tipped arrows, 
having pierced Dus^asana, 

43. Penetrated the earth like so many 
snakes enterinir their holes in ant-hills. 
Then Arjuna slew the steeds and charioteer 
of the latter. 

44. Then that valiant hero deprived 
Vivinsati of his car vvitl^ twenty shafts and 
wounded the latter with five shafts of 
str light- knots. 

45. Then the son of Kiuiti, owni.ig white 
steeds, liavinir pierced Krip4, Vikarna, and 
Salya with many iron arrows, deprived them 
of their cars. 

46. Thus deprived of their chariots, O 
sir.^, Kripa, Salya, Dussasana, Vikarna and 

47. All fled away from the field of battle 
beini? completely worsted by Savyasachin. 
Then, O loreinost of the Bharatas, having 
vanquished the mighty car-warriors at the 

48. Partha then blazed forth in battle 
like fire without even one curl of smoke. 
He then, in consequence of his pouring 
arrowy showers, looked like the sun scatter- 
ing his myriad rays in all directions. 

4Q. He felled also, O micfhty monarch, 
many rulers of the earth all mighty car- 
warriors, having compelled them to turn 
their faces away from the field of battle. 

50. Then, O Bharata, between the 
a« mies of the Knrns and the Panda vas, lie 
caused a mighty river of bloody current to 

51. Large bodies of elephants, steeds 
and car-warriors were sliin by car-wan iors ; 
and many were the car-warriors slain by 
elephants and many the horse- men slain by 

52. In all directions then fell many 
beads and bodies cut in the middle, of car- 
warriors, horsemen and elephant-riders. 

53. The field of battle, O king, became 
strewn with fallen and falling bodies of 
many royal car-warriors even then decked 
with bracelets and graced with ear-rings. 

54. The field was nUo covered over with 
many bodies mangled by car-whcHs and 
trampled upon by elephants. Foot -soldiers, 
and horsf^men with their chargers fled away 
in all direciitms. 

55. Elephants and car-warriors fell in 
nil directions. Many were the cars that 
then lay scattered on the field with their 
wh»!clsi, standards and yokes splintered into 

56. Then the field of battle bespattered 
with the gore of elephants, horses and car- 
warriors, appeared beautiful like the autum- 
nal sky covered .witli specks of red cloud. 

57. Does, ctow5^ vultures, wolves and 
jack ds and otijcr beasts set up loud^yells, 
at the sight of food that was tiien before 

58. Then, when Rakshasas and evil 
spirits were seen to roar there, various kinds 
of winds began to blow in ail directions. 

59. Strings of gold and pfecious stan- 
dards were seen suddenly to be fluttered by 
the wind, and began to tremble. 

60. Thousands of white umbrellas, and 
many miifhty car-warriors with their stan- 
dards, were seen strewn on the surface of 
the earth. 

61. Thereupon, O mighty monarch, 
Bhisma having invoked into existence a 
celestial weapofi rushed at the son of Kunti 
even before the very eyes of all bowmen. 

62. Then clad in mail Sikhandin con- 
fronted him rushing in batde. \\ hereupon 
Bhisma withdrew that dart resembling fire 
itself. ^ 

63. Meanwhile Kunli's son owning 
white steeds having confounded the grand 
sire began to slaughter your forces. 

Thus ends the hundred and eighteenth 
chapter, the fierce battle and carnage, tn 
tha Bhisma-badha 0/ the Bhisma Purva, 




Sanjaya said :— 

1. When the division of the two armies 
strong in numbers and arranged in order of 
battle, met one another, all the nnretreatingr 
heroes, O Bharata, then rushed to battle, 
keeping in view the regions of Brahma. 

2. In that pell-mell fight, neither similar 
divisions fought with their similars, nor scar 
warriors with car- warriors, nor foot-soldier- 
with foot -soldiers. 



^ Horsemen then fought not with horse- 
men and elephant-riders fought not with 
other elephani-riders. But like men s.ezed 
with furyiO Bharala, they mdiscnmmatcly 
slaughtered one another, O monarch, m 
that battle. 

4. Fierce and great was the carnage that 
then spread itself among the ranUs of the two 
armies, as men and elephants, by hundreds, 
were scattered slain in all directions, 

5 In that fierce battle the slaughter was 
indiscriminate. Hien, O Bharaia, Salya, 
Knpa, Chitrasena, 

6. Dussasana and Vikama. all riding 
on resplendent chariot^, and all mighty 
heroe?, made the host of the Fand^vas 
tremble in battle before them. 

7. The army«)f the Pandnvas thus slaugh- 
tered by those high-souled warriors, was 
cnu<;ed to wheel in various motions, like a 
bark tossed by the wind on the waters (of 
the sea). • 

8. Just as bleak wintry cold penetratf»s 
into the very vitals of the kine, so did then 
Bhisma cut the army of the sons of Pandu 
to the very quick. 

9. Then many elephants of your army 
looking like newly-formed clouds, were felled 
by the high-soiiled son ol Pritha in that 

10. The leaders of ho^^ts of combatants 
were then seen to be crushed and mangled 
by the son of Pritha with his arrows and 
lances shot by thousands. 

11—12. Mighty elephants fell there set- 
ling up loud yells of agony and distress. 
The field of battle then looked beautiful 
being strewn over with the ornament -decked 
bodiesof slain warriors of high soul, as also 
with their heads graced with ear-rings. In 
that conflict, O monarch, so destructive of 
mighty heroes, 

13—14. When both Bhisma, and Dha- 
nanjaya Uie son of Pandu were displaying 
their prowess, your son*; beholding the 
crandsire strive vigorously in battle, O king, 
rushed at the head all of t»ieir troops. 
Desirous of death in battle, and looking 
upon heaven as their final goal, 

15. They rushed against the Pandav.ns 
in that battle destructive of many heroes. 
The Pandavas also, O monarch, remember- 
ing the diverse woes and hardships 

16. Inflicted, O ruler of men, on them 
by you and your son and dismissing all 
fe^irs, and desirous of attaining to the re- 
gions of Brahma, 

17. Cheerfully fought on with your 
troops and your i»ons. Then that mighty 

car- warrior the commander of the Pandava 
host addressing his troops said : — 

18. "Rush you, O Somakas, together with 
the Srinjayas at the son of Ganga." Hear- 
ing thobe words of their commander:in- 
chief , the Somakas and the Srinjayas, 

19. Though aflilicted widi showers of ar- 
rows rushed at the son of Ganga. Thus 
assailed, O king, your father, the son of 

20. Influenced by wrath fought with the 
Srinjayas. Vo your highly renowned father, 
O sire, in the days of yure, the intelligent 

21. Imparted a lesson in the use of wea- 
pons that were capable of destroying the 
hostile ranks. Depending upon that instruc- 
tion of his and thinning the ranks of the 

22. The old grandsire of the Kurus, viz., 
Bliisma that slayer ol hostile heroes day 
after day slaughtered ten thousand wairiois • 
belonging to the Pandava host. 

23. On that the teiUh day of the battle, 
O foremost of the Bharatas, from among 
the Matsyas and the Panchalas, Bhisma, 
single handed, 

24. Having slain ten thousand elephants, 
slew also seven mighty car-warriors. Iheii 
the great grandsire also slew five thousand 
car- warriors. 

25. In that fierce battle in addition to 
all this, fourteen thousand foot-soldiers, one 
thousand elephants, and ten thousand 

26. Were slain, O ruler of men, by 
your fatlier through his superior education. 
Then reducing in number ail the divisions 
led by rulers of earth, 

27. Bhisma slew Satanika the dear-loved 
brother of Virata. Having slain Satanika 
in battle, the valiant Bhisma 

28. Felled thousand roval warriors with 
broad-headed shafts. All those Kshatriyas 
of the Pandava host, that followed Dhanan- 

29 — 30. Approaching Bhisma, were d<*s- 
patched to the abode of Death. Thus co- 
vering the ten points of the compass with 
the net-work of his arrows, as also the army 
of the Parthas, Bhisma remained the 
master of the situation. On that the tenth 
day of the battle, achieving marvellous 

31. Bhisma stayed between the two ar- 
mies, holding his bow and arrows in his 
hands. O king, then none of the royal war- 
riors were able to look at him. 



32. Who then resembled the summer 
sun scorching the world from the meridian. 
Just as in the days of yore, Sakra afflicted 
the hosts of the Daityas, 

33. So did, O Bharataj Bhisma then 
afflict the ranks of the Pandnvas. Then 
beholding Bhisma thus display his prowess 
in battle, the slayer of Madhu, 

34. That son of Devaki, joyfully address- 
ed Dhananjaya saying : — "Yonder is Bhis- 
ma, the son of Santanu staying between the 
two armies. 

35. Slay him by putting forth your prow- 
ess, and victory will be yours. Check him 
through your prowess even there where he 
is penetrating our ranks. 

36. None among us, O lord, is capable 
of bearing the shafts of Bhisma save and 
except your mighty self." Then, O king, 
thus urged on, Dhananj'»ya owning a stand- 
ard bearing the device of an ape, 

37 — 38. Rendered Bhisma with his 
standard, chariot and horses, invisible by 
his shafts. Then that foremost of the Kuru 
chiefs (Bhisma) also, with the shower of 
his own arrows scattered the arrowy down- 
pour discharged by that son of Pandu. 
Thereupon the king of the Panchalas, and 
the valiant Dhristaketu, 

39. Pandu's son Bhimasena, Prisala's 
son Dht istadyumna, the twins Nakula and 
Sahadeva, Chekitana, the five Kekaya bro- 

40. The mighty-armed Satyaki, the son 
of Subhadra, Ghatatkacha, the sons of Dru- 
pada, Sikhar.din, the highly powerful Kunti- 

41. Susarman, and Virata, these and 
many other mighty heroes of the Pandava 
host were then afflicted by '.the shafts of 

42. Then from the ocean of grief in 
which they were sunk, they were rescued by 
Pbalguna. Thereupon grasping an excel- 
lent weapon Sikhandin 

43. Assailed Bhisma, being protected 
by the diadem -decked Ariuna. Then 
slaying all the followers of Bhisma, and 
knowing what should be done in battle 
after what, 

44. The unvanquished Vibhatsu rushed 
even at Bhisma liimself. Then Satyaki, 
Chekitana, Dhristadyumna of the Prisata 

45. Virata and Drupada, the two sons 
of Madri begotten by randu, all rushed 
against Bhisma, their attack being covered 
by the film bowman Arjua«i. 

46. Then in that battle, Abhijnanyu 
and the five sons of Draupadi all with wea- 
pons upraised rushed agamst Bhisma. 

47. All those firm bowmen, never re- 
ceeding from the fight, pierced Bhisma on 
many parts of his body with arrows steadily 

48. Then baffling all those arrows shot 
by those foremost rulers of earth, that war- 
rior of undepressed soul (Bhisma) pene- 
trated into the ranks of the Pandavas. 

49. The grandsire then repulsed all 
those arrows as if in sport. He did not 
aim any shaft at the prince of tlie Pan- 
chalas, but laughingly looked at him now 
and then. 

50. Remembering Sikhandin's femininity 
Bliisma sped not a single artow at the for« 
mer. But that mighty car-warrior then 
slew seven of the best car- warriors of 
Drupada's division. 

5J. Then as the Matsyas, the Panchalas 
and the Chedis rushed against that single- 
handed warrior, loud became the din and 
confusion that then arose. 

52. Then like clouds covering the sun, 
all those heroes, O afflicter of foes, covered 
on all sides with foot- soldiers, horse-meii 
and car-warriors and with a net-work of 

53. That single-handed son of Bhagi- 
rathi, viz., Bhisma, who was then scorching 
the foe in battle. Then in that battle 
between Bhisma on one side and all 
the Pandava heroes on the other — bat- 
tle that resembled the one between the gods 
and the Asuras — Kiritin placing Sikiiandin 
in front of him began to pierce Biiisma, 

Thus ends the hundred and nineteenth 
chapter, the prowess of Bkisntay in the 
Bhtsma'badha of the Bhisma Parva, 


Sanjaya said :— 

1. Thus all the Pandavas, placing 
Sikhandin before them and surroimding 
Bhi<;ma on all sides began to pierce him in 

2. Then with terrible Sataghnis, with 
bludgeons, battle-axes, maces, mallets, 
thick short clubs, and lances, and other 

3. With arrows furnished with golden 
wings, with darts, javelins and Kampanas, 
with Narachas, Vatsadantas, and Bhu* 



4. The Srinj.iyas united together began 
to wound Bhisma in battle. Then when 
his armour was shattered and he himself 
overwhelmed with many arrows. 

5 — 7. Bhisma experienced na pain, 

Sierced thougti he was to the very vitals. 
In the other hand Bhl«Jma then appeared 
fearful to his enemies like the all-destructive 
fire at the expiration of a Yuga, — fire, whose 
flames were constituted by his efliUgent 
arrows and bow, whose ^friendly) gale was 
constituted by the vibrations of air pro- 
duced by the shafts shot by him, whose 
heat was constituted by the clatter of his 
car-wheel, whose splendour was constituted 
by his mighty weapons, tongues by his 
variegated bow and fuel by the destruction 
of heroes. Wheeling in the midst of those 
car divisions, he sometimes came out of 
the press, 

8. And sometimes again was seen to 
career rapidly through them. Thereafter 
without regarding tlie king of the Pan- 
chalas and Dhristaketu, 

9—11. Bhisma, O rule of men, pene- 
trated into the very heart of the Pandava 
ranks. Then with arrows of excellent 
make and great sharpness, all capable of 
penetrating all kinds of armour and 
producing great whizz, and charged with 
^reat velocity, Bhisma pierced deeply the 
following six car-warriors, viz., Satyaki, 
Bhima, Dhananjaya the son of Pandu, 
Drupada, Virata, and Dhristadyumna of 
Prisata*s race. These mighty car- warriors 
also resisting those sharp arrows shot by 

12. Pierced him with force, each sliooting 
ten arrows. Those dteadful arrows which 
that mighty car-warrior Sikhandin shot, 

13. And which were furnished with wings 
of gold and whetted on stone, quickly 
penetrated the body of Bhisma. i here- 
upon the diadem-decked Arjuna waxing 
wroth rushed at Bhisma, 

14. And placing Sikhandin before him, 
he cut off the bow of tiie latter. Then 
the following seven mighty car- warriors 
did not brook that cutting off of Bhisma's 
bow, warriors namely, 

15. Drona, Kritavarman, Jayadratha 
the ruler of the Sindhus, Bhurisravas, Sala, 
Salya, and Bhagadatta. 

16. These seven car-warriors waxing 
irascible and displaying weapons of celes* 
tial make rushed against the diadem-decked 

17. Indeed excited to the highest pitch 
of fury the^ fell upon that son of Pandu 
shrouding htm (with those arrows). Great 

was the din that aro^ as they rushed 
against Phalguna's chariot. 

18. Hearing that dreadful din, the 
mighty car- warriors of the Pandava host 
ruslied to battle desirous of rescuing that 
foremost of the Bharatas, viz., Phalguna. 

19. Then Satyaki, Bhimasena, Pris« 
ata's son Dhristadyumna, both Virata 
and Drupada, the Rakshasa Ghatatkacha, 

20. The enraged Abhimanyu, all these 
seven warriors seized with fury and wield- 
ing variegated bows rushed to battle, at the 
top of their speed. 

21. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
like the battle between the celestials 
and the Danavas, the battle between those 
seven car-warriors of each army raged 
fiercely causing the hair to stand erect. 

22. In that battle, protected as l;e was 
by Dh.inanj.iya, that excellent wprrior 
Siichandin, witii ten shafts pierced Bhisma 
wliose bow had been cut off. 

23. He then pierced tlie latler's charioteer 
with ten shafts and with another one shnft 
cut olT his standard. Then Ganga's son 
took up another bow of superi r toughness. 

24 — 25. But that again was cut off with 
three sharp shafts by Phalguna. Thus that 
scorcher of foes that son of Pandu namely 
Savyasachin, excited with wrath again and 
again cut off all the bows that Bhisma took 
up. Then excited with wrath in conse- 
quence of his bows being cut off and licking 
the comers of his mouth, 

26. Bhisma took up a lance with light- 
ness, that was capable of rending even the 
breasts of mountains ; and infl inied with 
rage he hurled that lance at the car of 

27. Beholding that lance course towards^ 
himself like the blazing bolt of Heaven, t)»e 
son of Pandu took up five sharp broad- 
headeJ arrows. 

28. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
inflamed with rage, Arjuna with those five 
arrows, splintered into five fragments that 
lance hurled with strength ot Bhisma's 

29. Then shattered by the wrathful 
Arjuna decked with a diadem, that lance 
fell down like forks of liphtning torn away 
from large masses of clouds. 

30. BJolding his lance severed, Bhisma 
became inflamed with rage ; and that hero 
that subduer of hostile cities began to think 
with the help of his understanding thus : — 

31. "I can slay even with a single bow 
all these Pandavas, i^ the highly powerful 
Visaksena (Krishna) be not their protec- 



32. I sliall not fiorht with the Pandavas \ 
for two reasons, viz., lor the unsUyableness 
of the Pandavas and for the feniininity of 

33. Formerly on the occasion of his 
marrying Kali, my father gratified with 
mc, accorded me two boons, viz., death at 
my pleasure, and unsiayableness in battle. 

34. 1 now think that the proper time 
for my deatii has arrived." Ascertaining 
this to be the intention of Bhisma of im- 
measurable energy, 

35. The Rishis and Va^ns stationed in 
the firmament then thus addressed Bhisma 
saying: — "What yon have resolved upon 
O sire, is also our dear will. 

36. Therefore, O monarch, follow up 
in action what you have resolved ; and 
withdraw your heart from fi^ht." At the 
conclusion of these words there began to 
blow an auspicious breeze, 

37. Fragrant and moistened with sprin- 
kles of water, from all directions. Celes- 
tial drums were also sounded emitting 
great din, 

38. And, O sire, over Bhisma fell a 
shower of blossoms. As those Rishis and 
Vasus spoke, O king, none heard then 

39. Save the mighty-armed Bhisma and 
myself through the prowess of the sage 
(Vyasa>. O ruler of men, great was the 
flurry that was then found among the Gods, 

40. As they thought of the fall of 
Bhisma, that favourire of all the worlds. 
Then hctaring those words of the celestials, 
that hero of great ascetic wenllh, viz., 

41. Santanu's son Bhisma assailed not 
Vibhatsu, although he was then being 
pierced by sharp shafts capable of pene- 
trating through all armours. 

42. Then, O mighty monarch, Sikhandin 
inflamed with wrath struck the grandsire 
of the Bharatas on the breast with nine 
shafts of great sharpness. 

43. Then, O mighty monarch, Sikhan- 
din inflamed with wtath struck tlie grand- 
sire of the Bharatas on the breast with nine 
shafts of great sharpness. 

44. Then smiling and stretching his 
bow Gandiva, Vibhatsu wounded Ganga's 
son with twenty-five short thick shafts. 

45* Then again unHer the influence of 
wrath, Dhananjaya pierced him quick on 
all parts of his body and to the vitals, with 
one hundred shafts more. 

46. Thus pierced by many other war- 
riors with thousands of arrows, the mighty 
car-warrior Bhisma pierced them all in 
return quickly with his own arrows. 

47. Then Bhisma of prowess unfailing 
in battle, with his own shafts of depressed 
knots simultaneou-jly baffled all these 
arrows shot by the hostile warriors. 

48. Those arrows furnished with golden 
wings and whetted on stone that Siichan- 
din the mighty car-warrior shot at him 
could not produce any the slightest pain 
to him. 

49. Thereupon inflamed with wrath the 
diadem-decked Arjuna placing Sikhandin 
before him rushed at Bhisma and cut off 
the latter's bow. 

50. Then he pierced Bhisma with ten 
arrows and with another cut down the 
latter's standard ; then with ten other 
arrosvs he caused Bhisma's charioteer to 

51 — 52. Then that son of Ganga took 
up another bow of great toughness. Then 
in that battle, within a twinkling of the 
eye, Arjuna cut off with three sharp broad- 
headed arrows that bow as soon as it was 
taken up. Thus Arjuna cut oIT successively 
all the bows that tke son of Ganga took 
up one after another. 

53. Thereupon Bhisma the son of San- 
tanu did no longer assail Vibhatsu ; then 
the latter pierced the former with twenty- 
five small arrows. 

54. That mighty bowman thus deeply 
pierced addressing Dussasana said : — ''This 
mighty car- warrior of the Panda va host, 
viz., Pritha's son \rjuna, inflamed with 

55. Is afflicting me in battle with many 
thousands of arrows. This one is incapable 
of being conquered even by the wiclder of 
the thunderbolt. 

56. Regarding me, I may say that all 
the heroic celestials, Oanavas and Raksha- 
sas, united together, can not vanquish me 
in battle, what to speak of human car- 
warriors ?" 

57. Thus when they were conversing 
with one another, Arjuna, placing Sikhan- 
din before him, began to pierce Bhisma in 
battle with shafts ofgreat sharpness. 

58. Thus pierced with sharp arrows by 
the wiclder of the Gandiva, Bhisma once 
more addressing Dussasana smilingly said .* 

5Q. "These arrows of touch resembling 
that of the thunderbolt, coming in an un- 
broken line towards me have been dis- 
charged by Arjuna. Surely they are not 

60. Eating into my very vitals, and 
penetrating even through my invulnerable 
armour, these arrows are striking me 



like •;o rmny bliidfjcons. Surely they are 
not Sikhandin's. 

61. Of the touc!i like that of a Brah- 
mana's rod, of velocity like of the 
thunderbolt and incapable of being repulsed, 
these arrows are sucUino; out my vital 
energies. Surely they are not SiUhandin's. 

62. Of touch heavy like that of a rmce 
or a bludgeon these arrows are destroying 
my vital breaths like so mnny messengers 
of Death, Surely they are not Sikhan- 

63. Like infuriate snakes of virulent 
venom with their tongues protruding out, 
the*?e arrows are penetrating into my very 
vitals. Surely these are not Sikhandin's. 

64. These are the arrows of Arjuna 
and not of Sikhandiui arrows that are cutt- 

ng me to the quick like the bleakness of 
winter cutting kine to the quick. 

65. Save and except the heroic wielder 
of the Gandiva buw, that owner of the 
standard marked with the device of an ape, 
viz., the ever-victorious Arjuna, all the 
other monarchs united to^etlier can not 
afflict me." 

66. Having thus spoken, the highly 
powerful Bhisma, as if desirous of con- 
suming the Pandavas, hurled at Pritha's 
son a (terrible) lance. 

67. TI)ereupon with three arrows cutt- 
ing that lance into three pieces, Arjuna 
felled it down on the ground, O Bharata, 
even before the very eyes of all the Kurus 

68. Thereafter Ganga's son grasped a 
buckler of the polish of gold, as also a 
resplendent sword, desirous of reaping either 
victory or death. 

69. But before he (Bhisma) could de- 
scend from his chariot, Arjuna with his 
shafts splintered buckler into hundred 
fragments. Indeed that looked like some- 
thing marvellous. 

70. Thereupon, king Yudhisthira urged 
on his own division saying : — "Assail the 
son of Ganga. Entertain not the slightest 

71. Thereupon from all sides, those 
troops, with darts, lances, arrows, battle- 
axes, excellent swords, long shafts of great 

72. With Vaisadantast and broad - 
headed arrows, rushed against that single 
warrior. Then loud was the din of war- 
cries that rang through the Pandava 

73. Similarly, O king, your sons all 
desirous of seeing Bhisma victorious rushed 
forward for rescuing that single hero, and 

they ako sft up a miijhty uproar caused 
by their 3 ells and war-cries. 

74. Then on that the tenth day when 
Bhisma and Arjnna contested with one 
another, fierce was the f\^\\t that raged 
between your soldiers and those of the 

75. Then at the spot where the hostile 
troops clashed and smote down one another 
an eddy seemed to start up into existence 
like that occurring at the spot where Ganga 
meets the ocean. 

76. Delueed with blood the earth then 
assumed a hideous aspect, and her undula- 
lations were lost to sight. 

77. Having slain ten thousand warriors 
on that the tenih day of the fight, Bhisma 
s'ood on the held while his vitals were 
being pierced into by Arjuna. 

78. Then Partha, holding his bow and 
standing at the head of his divisions, 
broke the Kuru ranks in the very centre of 
their array. 

79. Then afraid of that son of Kunti 
t/iz.,r^hananjaya the ewner of cream-colour- 
ed steeds and afflicted with hissliarp arrows, 
we then began to fly away from the field of 

80. Then the Souviras, the Kitavas, the 
Westerners, the Nonhcrners knd the 
Malavas, the Abhishahas, the Surasenas, 
the Sinis, the Vasatis, 

81. The Sniwas, Sakns, the Trigirttas, 
the Amvastas, the Kekayas, — all these 
illustrious warriors, afflicted with shafts, 
and pained with their cuts, 

82. Did not abandon Bhisma in 
battle who had been fighting with the 
diadem-decked Arjnnq. Then surround- 
ing the single car-warrior Bhisma, large 
numbers of the enemy, 

83. Covered him with arrowy showers, 
having at first defeated the rest of the Kuru 
warriors. "Slay" "Seize" "Fight" "Cut 
into pieces," 

84. Such were the cries, O king, that 
were then heard round Blnsma's chariot, 
Bhisma then slaughtered his foes by 
hundreds and thousands. 

85—86. But then there was not even a 
space of two fingers in all his body that 
was not mangled with shafts. Thus then 
your father, mangled with keen-pointed 
darts shot by Phal^una, fell down from 
his car on the field with his head laid to- 
wards the East, a little before sunset 
before the very eyes of your sons. 

87. Then at the overthrow of Bhibui 1 
loud lamentations of "Alas" and "Uh" 



were heard, O Bharat«, rimong the kings, 
and the celesii;)ls in the heaven. 

88. Beholding the illustrious grandsire 
fall, we all became dejected and depressed 
at heart. 

89. That foremost of all bowmen, that 
mighty-armed hero fell like an uprooted 
standard in honour of Indra, causing the 
earth tremble for the while. 

90. Covered closely with arrows he did 
not then touch the earth's surface. Then 
as that mi<;hty bowman, that foremost of 
all male beings lay prostrate on his arrowy 

91. Being overthrown from his car, a 
divine inspiration took possession of him. 
The rain-cloud Parjannya then poured 
down its contents and the earth quaked. 

92. When falling Bhisma had marked 
the sun to be then on the Southern solstice 
and that hero considering that hour to be 
inauspicious for paying his debt to nature 
did not allow his senses to depart. 

93. He then also heard divine utterance 
in the heaven, viz., "Why should that fore- 
most of all wielders of weapons, Oh, why 
should the illustrious son of Ganga, 

94. Why should that foremost of men 
give up hib life when the sun is in the South- 
ern solstice ?" Hearing? those words Gan- 
ga's son said "I am still alive." 

95. Then desirous of yielding- his life up 
during the Northern solstice, the grandsire 
of the Kurus, viz., Bhisma though fallen 
on earth still retained his vital breaths. 

96. Ascertaining that to be his intention, 
Ganga, che daughter of the Himalayas sent 
great sages under the disguise of swans theh 
to Bhisma. 

97. Then those sages disguised under 
the forms of swans inhabiting the Manasa 
lake flew to the sky, and in a line 
came to see Bhisma, the grandsire of the 
K urus, 

98. At the spot where that foremost of 
men was lying on his arrowy bed. Then 
coming to Bhisma those sages under the 
forms of swans, 

99. Beheld that perpetuator of the Kuru 
race, viz., Bhisma laid on his bed of arrows 
Then beholding that illustrious one, and 

100. That foremost of the Bharatas, that 
son of Ganga, the sages, knowing the sun to 
be then in the Southern solstice addressing 
one another said : — 

101. "Why sheuld the high-souled 
Bhisma pass away when the sun is in the 
Southern solstice." Having thus spoken, 

the swans flew towards the Southern direc- 

102. Then that highly intelligent Bhisma 
beholding them and reflecting for a while 
said to them, "I shall not yield up my 

103. As long as the sun will remain m 
the Southern soUtice. This indeed is my 
determination, 1 shall repair to my own for* 
mer abode, 

io4» When the sun will be in the North- 
ern solstice ; tliis, O Swans. I tell you for- 
sooth. I shall retain my vital breaths look- 
ing anxiously forward for the Northern sols- 

105. In as much as my giving up of my 
life is under my thorough conirbl, therefore 
shall I retain it desirous of dying during the 
Northern solstice. 

106. The boon that my illustrious father 
accorded me, viz., that 1 shall die at my 
own pleasure, let that boon be true. 

107. As the yielding up of my vital 
breaths lies entirely with me, I shall retain 
them." Having then thus spoken to the 
swans, he remained (motionless) on his ar- 
rowy bed. 

108. Thus when the crest of the Kurus, 
viz, the highly puissant Bhisma was over- 
thrown the Pandavas and the Srinjayas set 
up a loud war-cry. 

109. When that grandsire of the Bhara- 
tas, possessed of great strength was over- 
thrown, O foremost ot the Bharatas, your 
sons knew not what to do. 

110. Then the Kurus were totally con- 
founded ; and Kripa and Duryodhana and 
others began to wail aloud drawing long 
and heavy sighs. 

111. With their senses deprived of their 
powers in consequence of grief, they re- 
mained inert and reflected for long and did 
not think of fighting. 

1 1 2. They could not then rush against 
the Pandavas as if their thighs were locked 
and seized in a vice. When that unslayable 
son of Santanu. viz, Bhisma endued with 
great pro^vess was overthrown, 

1 13. O king, the destruction of the Kura 
monarch became apparent. Mangled with 
sharp shafts and with our foremost heroes 

1 14. And crushed completely by Savya- 
sachin (Arjuna). we did not then know what 
to do. Ihen obuining victory, and a high- 
ly blessed sUte of existence (hereafter), the 

115. All endued with heroism and poss- 
essed of bludgcon-likc arms, blew their 



miRhty conchs and, O ruler of men, the 
Somakas together with the Panchalas then 
were filled with great delight. 

1 16. Then when thousands of drums 
were struck up, the highly powerfnl Bhima- 
sena uttered his fierce war-cries and slapp- 
ed his arms « 

117. On the fall of that illustrious son of 
Ganga, the heroic combatants of the two ar- 
mies laying down their weapons, fell to 

118. Some wept aloud, some ran wildly, 
some were overwhelmed with swoon ; some 
then censured the life of a Kshatriya and 
some worshipped Bhisma. 

119. The sages and the Patriarchs all 
applauded Bhisma. The ancestral manes 
ofthe BharaU race also began to praise 

120. Then the highly intelligent son of 
Santanu, viz., Bhisma endued with great 
prowess, betaking himself to the Yoga 
taught in the Upanishadas and reiterating 
prayers in hb mind, remained quite, anxi- 
ously looking forward for his last hour. 

Thus ends the hundred and twentieth 
chapter t the overthrow of Bhisma ^ in the 
Bhtsmabadha of the Bhtsma Parva. 


Dhritarastra said :— 

I. How then, O Sanjaya, did my war- 
riors fair, when they were deprived of the 
aid of the valiant Bhisma of god-«like 
nature, who lived a life of celibacy for the 
sake of his father ? 

3. Even then did I regard the Kurus 
slain by Pandavas, when out of despise, 
Bhtsma desisted from wounding the son of 
Drupada (Sikhandin). 

3. Wretch that 1 am, I hear this day 
the news of my father's death. Alas, what 
greater amount of grief can overtake me, 
O Sanjaya. 

4. Surely, O Sanjaya, my heart is made 
of the hardiest adamant, in as much as, it 
does not burst forth at the news of Bhisma's 

5. Tell me, O you of illustrious vows, 
what did that foremost of the Kurus, that 
one ever desirous of victory namely Bhisma 
do, when he was overthrown in battle. 

6. Oh, I can not brook even the thought 
of Devavrata's slaughter in battle. He, who 
was not formerly slain by the celestial 


weapons of Jamadagni's son, alas, even he 
is now slain oy Sikhandin the prince of tkt 
Panchalas I 

Sanjaya said :— - 

7. Overthrown at the hour of evening, 
Bhisma, the grandsire of the Kurus, infused 
grief into the hearts of the Dhartarastras 
and delight in to those of the Panchalas. 

8. He then lay on his arrowy bed with 
his skin not touching the earth. When 
Bhisma was overthrown from his car and 
when he fell on the earth's surface, 

9. Loud wails of 'Alas' and 'Oh' were ' 
uttered by all creatures. When that orna- 
ment of an assembly,- when that boundary- 
tree of the Kurus was overthrown, 

10. The Kshatriyas, O king, of the two 
armies were all seized with panic. Be- 
holding Santanu's son Bhisma, with hts 
armour and standard shattered, 

11. The Kurus and the Panda vas, both 
ceased fighting, O ruler of men ; then a pall 
of darkness overspread the firmament, and 
the luminary of the day lost its effulgence. 

12. On the fall of Bhisma, the son of 
Santanu, the earth seemed to shriek out • 
fierce veils. This one is the best of all the 
Veda^knowlng sages-^^This one is the fore-* 
most of those conversant with the Vedae, 

13. These were the words that creatures 
then addressed to that foremost of men lying 
on his arrowy bed. "Formerly knowing 
his sire Santanu to be under the influence 
of desire, this onei 

14. This foremost of men, deprived him- 
self of the pleasure of carnal intercourse," 
Even thus, W|is the foremost of the Bharataa 
lying on his arrowy bed, 

15. Addressed by the seers and Siddbxs 
and Charanas. On the fall of Bhisma, the 
son of Santanu and the grand*sire of the 

i6. Your sOns« O sire, knew not what to 
do; arfd/ O Bharata, their faces became 
cheerless and their appearance lost all 
beauty and charm ; 

17. And they stood, ashamed and over- 
whelmed with bashfulness and with counte- 
nances cast down. The Pandavas on the 
other hand having obtained victory,, and 
remaining the masters of the field, 

18. Blew their mighty conchs decorated 
with net-works of gold. Then, O sinless one, 
when thousands of trumpets were blewn 
giving breath to their joys, 

19. We beheldi O monarch, the vali- 
ant Bhimasena, that son of Kunti, danq| 

\ in consequence of his ecstatic delight. 



30. Ht then tlew many hostile warriori 
. cp9sessed of gr^at strengths A great con* 
fusion then overwhelmed the KMpiis. 

21 Kama and Duryodhana breathed long 
and heavily. When Bhisma the grand- 
sire of the Kuriis was overthrown, 

22. Distressful cries of Alas and Oh 
arose from all directions ; and all regard for 
every thing (life and limb) was lost. Be- 
holding Bhisma overthrown, your son 

23. Ran at the top of his speed towards 
the division of Drona. Clad in mail and 
supported by his own division, he was 
commissioned by his royal brother for the 
protection of Bhisma. 

24. Now that foremost of men went to 
the division of Drona, making at the same 
Xin^e his own troops cheerless. Beholding 
h^m approach the Kurus surrounded him, 

25. Desirous, O king, of hearing what 
Dussasana might say. Then that des- 
cendant of the Kuru race spoke to Drona 
of the slaughter of Bhisma. 

26. Hearing that doleful news, Drona 
suddenly fell down from his car ; but the 
valiant son of Bharadwaja soon regaining 

- 27 — 28. Prevented his own trsops, O sire, 
from fighting any longer. Beholding the 
^urus desist from the fight, the Pandavas 
ajl^p' prevented their own divbions from 
^gU<ing» through messengers riding fleet 
chargers* When the troops of boUi the 
armies had ceased fighting, 

^9. All the king^ doffing their armours 
•approached Bhisma. Then, hundreds and 
thousands of warriors glvinjir 1^ 'fighting, 

30. Respectfully paid their homages, (to 
jp)iiaa[i^) like the immortals paying homages 
.to th^ Pfeator himself. Thea approachmg 
th^i fjaremost of the. Bbacatas lymg on his 
arrowy bed, all those heroes, 

3,1. The Kurus and the Pandavas 
saluting him stood there. Then to those 
l^unis and the Pandavas who stood before 
h im' having at first saluted: him« < 

32. The virtuous -souled spn of, Santanu 
viz., Bhisma spoke these word?: — "Hail, O 
eminent heroes, l^ail, ^ mighty car-worriors. 

33'. - O god-like heroes, I art) indeed 
pleased by looking ' at you.** Having thus 
addressed them, he with h^s l^ead hanging 
down once mpre sajd : — 

34-^35. *• My head is greatly hanging 
down ; give me a pillow (6 place my head 
on." Thereupon the lyings fietched many 
pillows made of fine stuff, and very soft, 
find also excellent. But th« grand^ire ]]i^Qd 

them uot. Thereupon'that foremost of men 
smiling said to those kings: — 

36 — 37. " O kings, these pillows do not 
suit a hero's bed.'* Then beholding that 
foremost of men, that chief of all car-war- 
riors in the three regions, viz., Pacidu's son 
Dhananjaya of long arms, Bhisma addressed 
him saying : — *^ mighty-armed Dhanan- 
jaya, my head his hanging, O son, give me a 
pillow that you think to be suited to this 
bed of mine. 

Thus ends the hundred and twenty '£rsi 
chapter, the withdrawal of the forces after 
the tenth day's fight^ in the Bhisma'badha 
of the Bhisma Parva* 


Sanjaya said :-* 

1. Then Arjuna, fixing th^ string on his 
mighty bow and saluting the gffandsire and 
with his eyes overflowing with tears thus 

2. "Command me, O foremost of the 
Kurus, O chief of all wielders of weapons. 
I am your slave, O invincible one. What» 
O grandsire, shall I do for you." 

5. The son of Santanu then thus replied 
to him saying : — "My head, O sjre. \^ h^l^- 
ing down. Fetch me, O foremost of Se 
Kurus, O Phalguna, ^ pillow, 

t, That will be suitable to my bed, and, 
ero, give that to me soon. You only, 
O Partha, are equal to the task, you are the 
foiremost of all the bowmen ; 

5. You are conversant with the duties 
of a Kshatriya and are endewed wkh keen 
intelligence and modesty and bravery.*' 
Then Phalguna of great might saying jrea 
to his words, prepared to do what B&lsaia 
bade him do. 

6. Then taking up the Gandiva bow 
and shafts of ctese knots, and purifying them 
with Mantras and obtaining the permission 
of that iHustdous car-warrior of the Bhara- 
tas, Arjuna, 

7 — 8. With those sharp arrows charged 
with great velocity supported Bhisma's head. 
Theti, O foremost of the Bharatas, seeing 
that Savyasachin had rightly divined his 
thought, Bhisma of illus.trious soul con- 
versant with the essence of all things 
became gratified with Arjuna; and then 
greatly praised Dhananjaya lor having 
given him that ^illQW« 



9. Then casting his g^nces on the 
Bharatas present there, Bhisma said to 
that descendant of the Bfaaratai, namely 
Kunti's son, that foremost of all warriofs, 
and that enhancer of the delight of his 

10. " O son of Pandu, you have indeed 
fetched me a pillow becoming my bed. 
Had you fetched me something else, 1 
would liave cursed you in rage. 

11. O mighty-armed hero this indeed is 
the way in which a Kshatriya not transgress- 
ing his duties, should sleep on the battle- 
field lying on an arrowy bed." 

12. Having thus spoken to Vibhatsu' 
he said to all the kings and princes present 
there, tlie following words. 

Bhima said :— 

13. Behold you all, the pillow the son of 
Pandu has supplied me with ! I shall lie 
on this bed until the sun rolls back to the 
Northern solstice. 

14 — 15* Those kings that will then come 
to me shall see me (give up my life). When 
the maker of the day (sun), on his swift 
moving car yoked with seven horses, will 
proceed towards the point of the compass 
occupied by Vaisravana, then shall I yield 
up my vital breaths, like a friend, bidding 
adieu to his dear friend. 

16. O kings, dig up an entrenchment 
ariMind here ; mangled with hundreds of 
arrows as I an^ I will offer my homages 
to the sun. You, O kings, do desist from the 
battle, vanishing all thoughts of hostility. 

S&iyaya said :— 

17. Thereafter there came several prac- 
Uonera of the healing art, all well -trained 
and skilful in drawing out shafts, carrying 
with* them all the necessary balms and 

18. Beholding them, Ganga's son said 
to your son : — "Paying proper respect to 
thete physkians, and rewarding them with 
money, do you dismbs them. 

19. Reduced to this condition, what neces- 
sity have 1 of physicians 7 I have attained 
to that blessed exbtence that is so applaud- 
ed in those that observe the Kshatriya 

20. As 1 lie on this arrowy bed, it is 
not indeed my duty to allow myself to be 
treated by these physicians. I should like, 
O rulers of earth, to be consumed even by 
these arrows/* 

21. Having heard those words of his, 
your son Duryodhana dismbted all these 
physicians, having honoured them duly. 

22. Then the rulers of the various 
countries, beholding the religious firmness of 
Bbisma of infinite prowess, were greatly 

23. Then having offered that pillow 
to your sire, all those kings, together with 
the mighty car-warriors of the Kurus and 
the Pandavas, 

24. Again approached the illustrious 
Bhisma prostrate on his excellent bed of 
arrows. Then having saluted and three 
times circumambulated that illustrious one 

257"27. Bhisma, and having arranged 
for his protection, the heroes entered their 
respective camps, for taking rest, at the 
hour of sun-set, with their bodies bespattered 
with blood, and thoughtful and extremely 
pained. Then approaching, at a suitable 
season, the Pandavas, — those mighty car- 
warriors cheerfully seated together and 
rejoicing at the fall of Blusma,--the mighty 
Madhava said these words to YuUhbthira 
the son of Dharma. 

28. "Through good fortune, O best of the 
Kurus, havelyou attained victory ; through 
good fortune baa Bhisma, that mighty 
car-warrior of un-erring aire, incapable o£ 
being slain by men , been overthrown. 

29. Or it may be, that having, througli 
Destiny, obtained you that slay with your 
very glances for a foe, that one though 
conversant with the use of all weappna haa 
been destroyed by your angry looks." 

30. Being thus spoken to, the very virtu- 
ous king Yudhisthira replied to Janarddana 
saying: — "Victory comes to a man through 
your grace, and defeat overtakes him 
through your wrath. « 

31. You arc our sole refuge, O Krishna : 
You give assurances of safety to your devo- 
tees. Victory is not a marvel for those 
whom, O Keshava, 

32. You always protect in battle, and 
for whose welfare you always concern your- 
self. Having yourself for our protector, 
I do not consider anything wonderful 
for us." 

33. Thus spoken to, Janarddana smiling- 
ly replied: — "Indeed, O foremost of all the 
rulers of earth, these are words suited to 
fall from your lips only." 

Thus ends the hundred and twenty" 
second chapter, the giving of a pillow to 
Bhisma, in the Bhisma- badha of the 
Bhisma Parva» 





Sanjaya said :— 

I. O monarch, after the night had passed - 
away, all the kings belonging to the 
Pandava and Dharurastra hosts approach- 
ed the grandsire. 

3. Then all the Kshatriyas, having salu- 
ted that foremost o! the Kurus, that hero 
prostrate on a hero's bed, that chief of all 
Kshatriyas, stood near him. 

3. Repairinc^ there by thousands, mai- 
dens covered the son of Santa nu on all 
parts of his body, with pulverised sandal- 
wood, field-paddy, and garlands of 

4. Women, old men and children, and 
numerous other, specUtors approached 
the son of SanUnu, like the Bhutas 
approaching the rising luminary of the 

5. Trumpeteers, courtezans, mimes, act- 
ors and dancers and artizans, in crowds, 
repaired to that venerable grandsire of the 


6. Desisting from fight and doffing their 
armours and laying aside their weapons, 
the Kurus and the Pandavas together, 

7. Approached the invincible Devavrata 
that subduer of foes. Then as in former 
days, they were friendly to one anotlier, 
and addressed one another in agreeable 

8. Then that assembly crowded with nu- 
merous Bharata kings, and ornamented by 
the presence of Bhisma, appeared beau- 
tiful like a conclave of the gods in the 

9. And that assembly of kings paying 
their respects to the son of Ganga, appeared 
beautiful like that of the gods adoring 
their lord the venerable Grandsire (Brah- 

10. Then, O foremost of the Bharatas, 
Bhisma, having overcome his pain by his 
patience, and afflicted with many darts, 
breathed like a snake. 

11. His body was burning with the pain 
caused by the arrows stuck therein, and he 
was being deprived of his senses in conse- 
quence of the weapon-cuts. Beholding those 
kings, he then said :— "Bring me water. 

12. thereat those Kshatriyas, O king, 
brought many excellent viands, and jars 
filled with cold water. 

13. Thereupon Santanu's son beholding 
water brought for him said :— "This day for- 
ward, O son, I will no longer use articles of 
human enjoyment. 

14. I have passed away from the society 
of men, and am now lying on this bed 
of arrows. I am lying here expectant 
of the change in the courses of the sun and 

15. Having thus spoken, and censuring 
those kings with (cruel) words, Bhisma said, 
O Bharata :— '-I desire to see Arjuna." 

16. Thereupon that mighty-armed hero 
Arjuna approaching and saluting the 
grandsire stood there with palms folded, 
and said "What shall I do." 

17. Beholding that son of Pandu stand 
before him with folded palms, the virtuous- 
souled Bhisma highly pleased, said these 
words to Dhananjaya : — 

id. "My body is burning, and I am co- 
vered with your arrows. All the vital parts 
of my body are suffering extreme pain and 
my mouth is becoming dry. 

19. Afflicted as my body is with extreme 
pain, give roe water, O Arjuna, to drink. It 
IS you alone, O mighty bowman, that are 
capable of supplying me with proper drink 

20. Thereupon the highly puissant 
Arjuna saying "yea" to Bhisma's words, 
mounted on his chariot. Then fixing the 
string to his mighty bow Gandiva, he began 
to stretch it. 

21. Then hearing the twang of his bow 
and the slap of his arms that resembled the 
rumble of thunder, the troops and kings 
there, were inspired with terror. 

22. Thereafter that foremost of car- 
warriors (Arjuna) circumambulating that 
prostrate chief of the Bharatas, that foremost 
of all wielders of weapon, viz., Bhisma,* 

23. And fixing on his bowstring an 
effulgent arrow inspired with aphorisms 
and identified with the Parjannya weapon, 
before the very eyes of all the people pre- 

24. Penetrated the earth a little to the 
right of the spot where Bhisma lay. There- 
upon, there gushed out a jet of water pure 
and auspicious, 

25. And cool and nectar- like md fraught 
with celestial fragrance and tastefulness. 
Then with that cool jet of water did the son 
of Pritha gratify 

26. That foremost of the Kurus, viz.. 
Bhisma of god-like achievements and prow- 
ess. Then seeing that feat of Pritha son, 
that resembled that of Indra himself, 



27. AB the rulers of the earth present 1 
there, were fiHed with wonder. Then behold- 
ing that feat of Vibhatsu that indicated his 
superhuman prowess, 

28. The Kurus began to shiver like 
kine afflicted with the chill of winter. Out 
of amazement the kings then began to waive 
their garments; 

29. And tlie sound of drums and the 
blare of conchs on all sides became deafen- 
ing. Then, O king, Santanu's son. being 
greatly gratified, thus addressed Vibhatsu, 

30. Applauding him before all the heroic 
rulers of earth, *'0 mighty-armed hero, 
this feat is not a marvel in respect to you, 
O delighter of the Kurus. 

11 You have been spoken of by Narada 
as an anci®"' ^age. O you of dazzling 
effulgence. Having the son of Vasudeva 
for your help -mate, you shall achieve great 

02, That even the lord of the celestials 
with his heavenly host dare not accomplish. 
Those that are conversant with the know- 
ledge of every thing, regard you, O Arjuna, 
to be the foremost bowman among all the 

%%. Among all human wielders of bows, 
you are unrivalled ; you are the foremost of 
all men. As man is the foremost of all 
created beings of this world, as Garuda 
is the chief of all winged creatures, 

34. As the Ocean is the chief of all reser- 
voirs of water, as the cow is the best of all 
quadruped animals, as the sun is the foremost 
o\ all luminaries, as th#> Himavatis the chief 
of all mountains, as the Brahmana is the 
foremost of all castes, so are you the fore- 
most of all wielders of bows. 

35. The son of Dhritarastra paid no 
heed to the (salutary) counsel repeatedly 
offered by myself, by Vidura, Drona, Rama, 
Janarddana and Sanjaya. 

36. Reft of his reason, and like one 
senseless, Duryodhana then disregarded 
our words. Past all counsel, he shall have 
soon to lie on the field crushed by the 
might of Bhima." 

37. Hearing these words of Bhisma, 
Duryodhana, the lord of the Kurus, be- 
came depressed at heart. Then the son of 
Santanu. casting his eyes on him once more 
said:—" Hear me, O king, renounce 
your wrath. 

38. You have seen, even now, O 
Duryodhana, how the intelligent Partha 
created that jet of water, cool and fraught 
with nectarious fragrance. 

39. There is none in the universe who 
can achieve the self-same feat. The 

weapons of which the presiding deities 
respectively are Agni, Varuna, Sommi 
VayUy Vishnu, 

40. Indra, Pasupati, PAramesihi, Pra- 
japati, D/tsta, lasktra, Saviia, and 


41. All these weapons are known to 
Dhananjaya only, as also to Ktishna, ths 
son of Devaki, and not to any one else. 

42. This son of Pandu, O sire, is in- 
capabl4 of being defeated in battle, by ths 
celestials and the Asuras united together. 

rhese are the super-human feats achieved 
by this illustrious hero. 

43. Therefore. O monarch, let peaca 
be soon concluded with that truthful hero 
that ornament of the field, accomplished in 
all modes of warfare. 

44. As long as the mighty-armed 
Krishna is under his own contrci let, U 
sire, O foremost the Kurus, peace be made 
with this heroic sons of Pritha. 

45. As still, O king, these your uterine 
brothers and liiese myriad kings hero 
survive the battle, let peace be concluded. 

46. As long as Yudhisthira does not 
burn down your army with his eyes flashing 
the fire of wrath, let peace be concluded 
with him, O sire. 

47. As long as Nakula, Sahadeva, and 
Pandu's son Bhimasena, do not totally 
crush your army down, let peace be made 
with them. 

48. It likes me best to see amity estab- 
lished between you and the heroic Pan- 
davas. Let the war terminate with my 
fall. Let, O sire, peace be concluded with 
the Pandavas. 

49. Let these words, O sinless one, 
uttered by me, be agreeable to you. 
This conclusion of peace do I consider 
to be beneficial to you and to your 

50. Renouncing your • wrath, do you 
conclude peace with the sons of Pritha. 
Enough has already been accomplished 
by Phalguna. Let amity be es.ablished 
among you with the death of Bhisma. 
I^t the rest (of the warriors) live! Re- 
lent, relent, O monarch ! 

51. Give half of your kingdo/n to the 
Pandavas. Let Yudhisthira repair to 
Indraprastha. Be not despised by the 
rulers of the earth for having brewed in 
testine broils. Do not, O foremost of the 
Kurus, attain a sinful notoriety. 

52. With my passing away, let peace 
be enjoyed by the people ; let th«e kinjgs 
embrace one another out of friendship. 








Rector, Keshub Academy; 

Author of the English Translations of the Ramayana, Vishnupuranam^ 
Srimadbhagavatam, Kamandakiya Nitisara, Bhagavat Gita 

and many other works. 


Printed by H. C. Dass, Elysium Tress, 
6j/2 Bkadon Street. 




Dronabhiseka Pariia. 

Vaishampayana describes the condition 
of Dhritarashtra and his sons. Bhishma's 
death. k<arna ccmes to the Kauravas and 
consoles them. Kama comes to Bhishma 
and obtains permission for fight. Kama 
advises Duryodiiana to make Urona their 
General. Drona's installation as the Gene- 
ral. Drona's arrangement of the Kuru 
army. The fight between Drona and 
Dhristadyumna and a great slaughter of 
both the armies ensues. Drona is met by 
Dhristadyumna and Sanjaya gives a short 
account of it to Dhritarashtra. The fight 
between Sakuni and Sahadevd. Abhimanyu 
fights with Jayadratha. The fight between 
Salya and Bhima. Kumdra fights with 
Drona. Arjuna comes to the battle-field 
and defeats the Kurus. — P. i — 28. 

Samsaptakabadha Parva, 

Drona becomes dispirited. Arjuna fights 
with Trigarttas and kills Sudhanwa. The 
Samsaptakas challange Arjuna. Arjuna 
defeats them. Satyajit protects Yudhis- 
thira and is killed by Drona. The fight 
between Drona and Satanika. Bhima 
defeats Duryodhana and kills the king 
Anga. Bhagadatta defeats Bhima and kills 
the Dasharna king. Arjuna defeats and 

kills the Samsnptakas. The fight between 
Bhagadatta and Arjuna. Kri: na kills 
Naraka. Bhagadatta is discom fitted by 
Arjuna. Sakuni comes to fight and is 
defeated by Arjuna. Nila is killed by 
Ashwathaman. Arjuna kills the three 
brothers of Kama and Satyaki defeats him 
who is rescued by Duryodhana and Drona. 
The battle ends in the evening. — P. 28 — 58. 

AbhimanyU'badha Parva^ Pratijna Parva 
and yayadratha-badha Parva, 

Drona proceeds to battle and arranges 
the Kuru army. Abhimanyu goes to the 
field and makes *a great slaughter. Abhi- 
manyu fights with various leaders of the 
Kuru army and defeats them. An account 
of Jayadratha's strength who checks all the 
Pandavas. Abhimanyu kills Rukmaratha» 
defeats Jayadratha and others. Kama 
enquires of Drona about the means of 
slaying him. According to* his advice six 
warriors simultaneously attack him. Abhi- 

manyu is killed by Dusshasana's *.son and 
the grief of the Pandavas. Vyasa consoled 
Yudhisthira and recites the story of Akam- 
pana. The story of Death. The story of 
king Silya and sixteen other kings. Yudhis- 
thira is consoled and Vyasa goes away. 
Arjuna bewails and is consoled by Krishna* 
Arjuna promises to kill Jayadratha. 
Krishna consoles Subhadra. Arjuna sees 
a dream and obtains Pasupata weapon 
from Siva. Arjuna tells Yudhisthira of 
his dream. Arjuna asks Satyaki to pro- 
tect Yudhisthira and proceeds to battle. 
Arjuna defeats Dusshasana and enters intd 
the midst of the Kuru army. He passes 
by Drona and approaches Jayadratha. He 
defeats Kritavarman. The conversation be- 
tween Drona and Duryodhana. Dfona 
fights with Dhristadyumna and Satyaki. 
Arjuna kills Vinda and Anuvinda. Arjuna 
^makes a tank in the battle-field and 
Krishna got his horses bathed there. 
Arjuna goes to meet Jayadratha. Drona 
and Duryodhana are defeated by Arjuna. 
Both the armies fight and the death of 
Kshemamurti. Somadatta's son fights with 
Draupa<li's son. Arjuna kills Jayadratha. 
Yudhisthira eulogises Krishna. Drona pro- 
mises to kill all the Panchalas. Duryodhana 
suspects Drona's sincerity. — P. 58 — 264. 

Ghatotkacha and Drona-badha Parva. 

The fearful fight between the Panchalas 

and Kurus. The wonderful heroism of 

Duryodhana who makes a great havoc. The 

Pandus proceed against Drona. Drona 

kills Sivi. Bhima kills the prince of Kaling- 

as, Dhruva, Jayarata, Durmada and Dush- 

karna. The wordy battle between Soma- 

datta and Satyaki. The fight between 

Ghatotkacha and Ashwathaman who makes 

the former insensible and he is cariied 

away by Dhristadyumna.. Bhima kilU 

Valhika, the ten sons of Dhritarashtr;!, 

Vrikaratha, the seven brothers of Sakuni, 

the fivt princes of Gandhara. The fi>?ht 

between Yudhishthira and Drona wlio 

could not kfll the former. Kama promises 

to kill Arjuna. The fight between Kama 

and Arjuna and the dis comfiture of the 

former. The fight between Dhristadyumna 

and Ashwathaman. The fight between 

Satyaki and Somadatta. The latter is 


killed by the former, Krishna asks Yudliish- 
thira not to fight w(th Drona. The fight 
between Yudhishthira and Kritavarman 
and the former is worsted by the latter. 
The fight between Ohaiotkacha and Ash- 
wathaman and the former is made insen- 
sible. The fight between Bhima and 
Duryodhana. The fi^ht between Kama 
and Sahadeva. The fight bet>Veen Virata 
ind Salya — that between Alamvusha and 
Arjuna, Chitrasena and Nakula, Vrisha- 
Sena and Dru{Jada. Dusshasana defeats 
Prativindhya. The fight between Sakuni 
and Nakula. Dhristadyumna fights with 
Drona. Dhristadyumna kills Drunlasena. 
Sakuni is sent to the battle-field by Dur- 
yodhana and is discomfitted by Arjuna. 
Khe fight between Alamvusha and Ghatot- 
Kacha ana the former is killed by the latter. 
Ihe fi^ht between Kama and Ghatotkapha. 
Atayudha comes to the battle-field. Gha- 
totkacha meets. The fight between Bhima 
and Alayiidha. The fight between Alayu- 
dha and Ghatotkacha.and the latter cuts off 
the foi-mer's head. Ghatotkacha makes a 
great slaughter of Duryodhacla's army. 
Ghatotkacha is slain and the grief of the 
Pandavas. Vasudeva's joy and he explains 
Ihe causQ to Arjuna, Yudhishthira's ^rief 
at thb death of Ghatotkachst and Vyasa 
Consoles him. The Pandava leaders all 

f proceed against Drona and the fight be- 
weeil the two parties. Arjuna's permission 
to the soldiers to sleep. Drona pronlises to 
kill all the Panchalas and describes Arju- 
ha's strength to Duryodhana. The fierce 
Encounter between the Kurus and Panda- 
vas. Drona kills the three gt'Find-sons of 
brupada. Drupada and Virata fall upon 
Drona who kills them both. Dhrtstadyiim- 
na's promise to kill Drona on that very 
day. Bhima and Dhrishtadyumna attack 
Drona 's army. The fierce fight between 
the leaders of both the parties. The en- 
tounter between Kama and Bhima, and 
that between Drona and Arjuna. Dussha- 
sana is defeated by Dhristadyumna. The 
fight betweeil Kritavarnia and his three 
brothers and Dhristadyumna, Nakala and 
Sahadeva. Dhristadyumna attacks Drona 
and Duryodhana proceeds to the rescue of 
the latter. Satyaki attacks Duryodhana. 
Arjuna falls upon the Kuras and Drona 
upon the Panchalas. Krishna advises Pan- 
davas to kill Drona by unfair means. 
Arjuna does not accept the advice. Bhima 

kills an elephant ky name Ashwathatf^art 
and informs Drona of the death (df his 
son) Asht^athamari. Drona does not believe 
him. Diona kills the Panchalas by means 
of Brahnria weapon. Drona asks Vudliia- 
thira about the truth of the report. Krishn;t 
requests Vudhisthira to Save his army by 
speaking an untruth. Bhima also requests 
him to do the same. Yudhishthira does the 
same and Drona's dejection. The fight 
between Drona and Dhristadyumna. Dhris- 
tadyumna ureed by Bhima cuts off Drona's 
head. The Kurus fly away at the sight 
of Drona 's death. Kripa inforrrts Ashwa- 
thaman of drona's death who promises td 
kill the Pandavas and Panchalas. An ac- 
count of the Narayaha weapon. Yudhis- 
thira's address to Arjuna who speaks of 
their unrighteousness and Bhima vindi- 
cates it.— P. 260—346. 

Narayanastra'Mohshand Parva, 

Dhristadyumna ridicules Satyaki and 
the latter falls upon him. A reconciliation 
is brought abput with great difficulty by 
Krishna and Yudhishthira. Aswathaman 
kills the Pandava army and invokes the 
Narayana weapon. Krishna advices the 
Pandavas to throw down their arms — that 
being the only means to patify the Nara^ 
yana weapon, They all agree except 
Bhima who promises to fight with Aswa- 
thaman. Bhima is stupified. Arjuna and 
Krisnna get down from the car and make 
Drona to give up his arm. The Narayana 
weapon is pacified. Duryodhana asks 
AsWathaman to use the same weapon again, 
but he expresses his inability to use it for 
the second lime. The fight between Aswa- 
thaman and Satyaki. Kripa, Kama, Dur- 
yodhana, Dushasana and Vrishasena all 
proceed against Satyaki. Satyaki is ren- 
dered insensible by Aswathaman. A 
dreadful combat beween Bhima and Aswa- 
thaman. Aswathaman invokes the fiery 
weapon. Arjuna baffles it. Aswathaman 
asks Vynca about the cause of the, failure 
of his xw^npon. He recounts the history 
of Narayana. Aswathaman hearing it, 
retires from the battle field. Arjuna meets 
Vyasa and enquires him about the invi- 
sible person who helped him on the day of 
iayadratha's death. Vyasa says that he was 
iahadeva. Mahadeva's spoiling Daksha 
Yajna. An account of Mahadeva. 

P. 346— 3W 



i|<i ■ m%t 


Having taiuitd the Supreme Deity {Nara- 
yana)and the highest of all male bet ngs 
Nara and also the Goddess of Learning 
(Sarasvati), let us cry "Success'* / 

Janamejaya said :— 

1—2. Hearing that his sire Devavrata 
of unequalled might, energy, sturdiness, 
lyrowess and vtgour, had been slain by 
Sikhandin the son of Panchala, O Brah- 
fwinica! sage, what did the very powerful 
monarch Dhritarastra with eyes blmded 
with fast-falling tears, do ? 

3. His son, O WOTshipfut one, desired 
to obtain monarchy after having ^feated 
the mighty warriors, the sons of Pandu, 
through tl»e assistance of Bhisma, Drona, 
and other such heroes. 

4. O illustrious ascetic, tell me all that 
the foremost of the Kuru dynasty did, 
when that chief of all bowmen (Bhisma) had 
beis) killed* 

Vaidiampayuna said :-^ 

5. Having heard that his srre (Bhisma) 
had been slain in battle, that ruler of men, 
Dhriurastra of the Kuru dynasty knew no 
rest of mind, being worn out with anxiety 
and sorrow. 

6. When that foremost of the Kurus 
bad been thus brooding over his grief, 
there came again to him the pure-souled 
son of Gavalgani. 

7. O great king, Dhritarastra, the son of 
Ambika, then thus questioned Sanjaya who 
had that night returned from the camp to 
the city named after the elephant. 

8. Hearing of the death of Bhisma, he 
became exceedingly cheerless, and longing 
for the victory of his sons, he broke out into 
lamentations like one sorely distressed. 

( Dhritarartra said :— 

9. O son, having bewailed the high-» 
souled Bhisma of terrific might, what did 
the Kurus, goaded by Destiny, do ? 

10. When that trticonquerable and high- 
sotiled hero was slain, what, for sooth, did 
the Kurus,deep down into the sea of sotrow^ 

11. Verily, O Sanjaya, the innumerable 
and excellent army of the high-souled 
sons of Pandu, can strike the worlds with 
keenest apprehension. 

I2f. Therfore, O Sanjaya, recount to me 
what the kings did, when Devavrata, the 
foremost of the Kurus, had been slain. 

Sanjaya Mid '-^ 

13. Hearr, O m'Offafcli, Witfr smgfencssi 
of mind, the words, falling from my lips# 
regarding what your sons did when Deva«« 
vrata had fallen. 

14 — 15, O mionarch, when Bhisma of 
invincible prowess had been slain, your 
own warriors and also those of the Pandava 
host, began to th ink of Che duties of the 
Kshatriya sect ; and^ O lord of men, at the 
thought,they wondered and were delighted t 
and in obedience to their sectarian duties, 
the> bowed down to the illustrious Bhisma. 

16. Then those foremost of men prepared 
for Bhisma of infinite energy a bed furnish- 
ed with a pillow, made of close-knotted 

17 — 18. HaWng arranged for Bhisma's 
safety and having greeted one another, 
and with the permission of the son of 
Ganga and having eircumaiitbulated him 
and looking at each other wKh eyes coppery 
with anger, those Kshatriyas, goaded by 
Destiny, agaTtn issued forth fer lightiii|g 
with one anollicr. 


ip. Then to tHt voict of the trumpets 
and to the roar of the drums, the army 
of your sons and that of their adversaries, 
formed in battle-array. 

20-2I. When. O greatest of kinjjs, the 
son of Janhavi (Bhisma) had fallen and 
when the greater part of the day had worn 
out, these foremost of the Bharata race, 
overpowered by the influence of iherr wrath, 
and having their reasons bewildered 
through fate, and neglecting the salutary 
counsel of the illustrious son of Ganga, 
came out in haste grasping their weapons. 

22. Owing to your own foolishness and 
that of your sons, and owing to the death 
of the son of Santanu, the descendants of 
t!ie Kuru race together with all the (as- 
sembled) kings, appeared to be summoned 
by the God of death. 

23. Like a herd of goats without a herds- 
man in a wood infested with beasts of prey, 
they were exceedingly oppressed with fear, 
being deprived of Devavrata. 

24. On t)ie fall of that foremost of the 
Bharata race, the army of the Kurus re- 
sembled the heavenly dome stripped of the 
stars, or the sky deprived of the atmos- 
phere ; 

25. Or the earth with her crops 
blighted , or a discourse teeming with unre- 
fined expressions ; or the army of the 
A suras wnen in the days of yore, Vali had 
been (thoroughly) humiliated, 

26. Or a charming lady deprived of her 
lord ; or a stream the waters of which had 
been dried up' ; or a doe deprived of her 
mate, surrounded by wolves rn the forests, 

27. Or the wide, extended, mountain- 
cava having its lion stain by the fabulous 
Sarava, Or the slaughter of Janhavi'sson, 
O foremost of the Bharata race, the army 
of the Bharatas 

28. Resembled a tiny bark thrown up 
and down on the l>osom of the mighty main, 
driven by the gale rushing from alt sides. 
It was then greatly harassed by the powerful 
Pandava heroes of infallible aims. 

29. Then that host, with its elephants, 
horses and car-warriors, was much dis- 
tressed, and exceedingly jeopardised and 
rendered helpless and terror-stricken. 

30. Then, in that army, bereft of 
Devavrata, the kings and the Tcommon) 
soldiers, individually struck with panic, 
seemed to be sinking into the nethermost 

31. Thereafter the Kouravas remem- 
bered Kama, who was equal to Devavrata 
himself, and wl^o was the foremost .of all 
wielderi of weapons, and resplendent^ like 

32, Then like the htirl of a d^strt s?9 d 
person looking for a friend, their heart* 
turned towards h\m (Kama); and, O 
Bharata, the kings then brobe out into ex- 
clamations saying, *'0 Kama, O Kama." 

33— 35- "That son of Radha. that bene- 
factor of ours, that progeny of S'Jla, he 
that will sacrifice his life in battle, that one 
of illustrious renown with his followers and 
friends, has refrained from fighting these ten 
days ; summon him without delay. That 
foremost of men, that hero of mighty arms, 
Kama, had been reckoned by Bhisma as 
only an Ardharatha, in the presenceof all the 
Kshatriyas, during the tale of car- warriors 
of valour and prowess, in spite of his bein^ 
equal to two Afaharathas, 

36. Indeed in that enumeration of 
Rathas and Atirathas, Kama was thus 
reckoned^ — Kama who is the foremost (of all 
fighters), who is held in high respect by the 
heroes, and who would dare give battle even 
to Yama, Kuvera, Varuna, and Indra. 

37. Out of wrath (excited by this classi- 
fication of himself) he had thus addressed, 

king, the son of Ganga : — *0 Kourava, 

1 will not fight so long as you live? 

38. If yot> shall slay in battle the sons 
of Pandu, O you of Kuru's race, I will 
retire into the woods with the permission of 

39. If, O Bhisma, on the contrary, you, 
being slain by the Pandavas, are trans- 
ported to heaven, then will I, riding on a 
single car, slay those whom you consider 
to be the mightiest of aH car-warriors.* 

40. Having thus spoken, the mighty- 
armed Kama of illustrious renown, refrained, 
with the permission of your son, from taking* 
part in the battle for these ten days." 

41. O Bharata, Bhisma of immeasur- 
able prowess, displaying his might in battle, 
slew a large number of warriors of the 
Pandava host in that (sangumary) engage- 

42. On the fall of th^t mostpojKfiiiul 
hero of unerring aim, yo^uL-^errtT'remem- 
bered Kama, li^e^^ersOns desirous of cros- 
sing (the ocean) rememberirtg a raft. 

43. Your sons and the warriors of your 
party, together with the (assembled) mo- 
narchs then, began to bewail saying 'Kama'' 
they also said 'tt is time for you to come.' 

44. As- during emergencies ITie heart flies 
to a friend, so our hearts then fTew to Kama 
of irrepressible manhood who had acquired 
his knowledge of weapons from the son of 

45. O monarch, he only was capable ol 
saving us from the great dangers of battti^ 


Vike Govin<ia always protecling the celestials 
from all calamities. 

Vaisampayana said :— 

46. Thereupon breathing (he?»vily) out 
Hfcea snake, Dhritarastra spoke these words 
to Sanjaya who had been thus repeatedly 
extolling Kama. 

Dhritarastra said :— 

,-47? — As your heart then were drawn to- 
wards Kama, the son of Vikartana, you 
surely saw that son of Radha, that descen- 
dant of Suia, who was ever- ready to lay 
down his life for you. 

48. Did that Kama, of infallible prow- 
ess in battle, disappoint Duryodhana 
and his brothers, who had been all exceed- 
ingly distressed, panic-struck and anxious 
for being extricated from their difHculties 7 

49. Was that foremost of bowmen in 
battle capable of fitting up the void created 
by the fall of Bhisma, the shelter of the 

50. Supplying the gap, was Kama 
successful in striking terror into the hearts 
of the enemy? Did he also succeed in 
fnictifying the hopes of victory cherished 
by my sons 7 

Thus ends the first chapter, the questions 
9f Dhritarastfa^ in the Dronahhisheka of 
the Drona Parva* 


Continued . 

jaya said :— 

1. Then Adhiratha's son of the Suta 
caste, knowing that Bhisma had fallen, be- 
came desirous of saving, like a brother, the 
army of your son from the calamity it was in, 
like a boat split in the midst of the un- 
fathomable deep. 

2. Having heard that the son of San- 
tanu, that foremost of men, the never-drop- 
ping one, and the best of all car-warriors, 
had been slain, O king, Kama the repres- 
ser of enemies and the foremost of all bow- 
fiien, speedily arrived at tiie field of battle. 

3. When that excellent of car-warriors, 
Bhisma had been slain by the enemy, 
Kama soon (came to the battle field), dc^iro- 
ws of saving the army of your son resembl- 
ing a boat sunk in the deep, Jike a father 
anxious for rescuing his sons.